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L3 Applied Psychology Reading List

Applied Psychology: Critical Issues, 2019/20, Semester 1
Siobhan Hugh-Jones
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Listed below are some resources to get you started 1. Part of what you are learning, and being assessed for, is your ability to identify and utilise appropriate sources of information - these and ones you locate yourself.

Intervention design

The following  paper is crucial: Wight, D., Wimbush, E., Jepson, R., & Doi, L. (2015). Six steps in quality intervention development (6SQuID). Journal of epidemiology and community health., jech-2015.

There is also a handy free app: Behaviour Change Taxonomy mt=8 This app lists the behaviour change techniques for which there is international consensus. If you needed to check anything, the background paper for this is Michie, S., Richardson, M., Johnston, M. et al. (2013) Annals of Behavioral Medicine 46, 81–95. Available online at:


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Other resources on intervention design and behaviour change

Visit these after you have got your head around the nature of the problem and after you've examined what interventions have already been tested. They are useful for both presentations and the  study proposal.

Craig, P., Dieppe, P., Macintyre, S et al. (2008) Developing and evaluating complex interventions: the new Medical Research Council guidance. British medical journal. ISSN: 0959-8138; 1468-5833; 0959-8146; 0959-8154; 0959-535X; 1756-1833 337, a165 and available at This document is written for researchers whose work falls broadly within the field of medicine (psychology often does). This document is more detailed and involved that the behaviour change wheel, and some parts are not relevant. However, you might find it most useful for improving the sophistication of your intervention and particularly in the Study Proposal.

Michie, S., Atkins, L. & West, R. (2014) The behaviour change wheel : a guide to designing Interventions: A Guide to Designing Interventions. London: Silverback Publishing. Much of the necessary detail on the behaviour change wheel is documented in the above paper by Atkins and Michie so do not worry if you cannot access a copy of this book .

NICE (2007) Behaviour change: the principles for effective interventions This online document represents the way the National Institute for Clinical Excellence has taken up the research on behaviour change and converted it into best practice guidance for people wishing to develop interventions. It may be a useful adjunct to the main papers on behaviour change. Go straight to the ‘Recommendations’ section.

Prestwich, A., Kenworthy, J., & Conner, M. (2017). Health behavior change : theories, methods and interventions ISBN: 9781138694828 (pbk); 9781138694811 (hbk); 9781315527215. Routledge.


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Problem 1

In session 1, we will emphasise the importance of taking time to understand the nature of the problem first and to not rush to a solution. The reviews and meta-analyses will help you to formulate the problem.

Reviews and meta-analyses

Blanchette, L. & Brug, J. (2005). Determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption among 6-12 year old children and effective interventions to increase consumption. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 18, 431-43.

Calvert, S., Dempsey, R. C., & Povey, R. (2019). Delivering in‐school interventions to improve dietary behaviours amongst 11‐to 16‐year‐olds: A systematic review. Obesity Reviews, 20(4), 543-553.

Evans,C., Christian,M., Cleghorn,C., Greenwood, D. & Cade, J. (2012) Systematic review and meta-analysis of school-based interventions to improve daily fruit and vegetable intake in children aged 5 to 12 yrs. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 96, 4, 889-901.

Delgado-Noguera, M., Tort, S., Martínez-Zapata, M. J., & Bonfill, X. (2011). Primary school interventions to promote fruit and vegetable consumption: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Preventive medicine. ISSN: 0091-743553(1), 3-9.

Dudley, D. A., Cotton, W. G., & Peralta, L. R. (2015). Teaching approaches and strategies that promote healthy eating in primary school children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity [electronic resource]. ISSN: 1479-586812(1), 1.

Howerton, M. W., Bell, B. S., Dodd, K. W., Berrigan, D., Stolzenberg-Solomon, R., & Nebeling, L. (2007). School-based nutrition programs produced a moderate increase in fruit and vegetable consumption: meta and pooling analyses from 7 studies. Journal of nutrition education and behavior. ISSN: 1499-4046, 39 (4), 186-196.

Knai, C., Pomerleau, J., Lock, K. & McKee, M. (2006). Getting children to eat more fruit and vegetables: a systematic review. Preventive Medicine, 42, 85-95

Michie, S., Abraham, C., Whittington, C., McAteer, J., & Gupta, S. (2009). Effective techniques in healthy eating and physical activity interventions: a meta-regression. Health psychology. ISSN: 0278-613328(6), 690.

Van Cauwenberghe, E., Maes, L., Spittaels, H. et al. (2010). Effectiveness of school-based interventions in Europe to promote healthy nutrition in children and adolescents: systematic review of published and ‘grey’ literature. British Journal of Nutrition, 103, 781-797.

Examples of interventions

Come to these after you have formulated the problem. These are examples of interventions that have already been tried. There are others that you can search for. Focus on interventions that you think you want to build on, or which are close to yours in the substantive components. Try to identify gaps or weaknesses in what has gone before.

Atkins, L., & Michie, S. (2015). Designing interventions to change eating behaviours. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society., 74 (02), 164-170.

Christian, M., Evans, C. Ransley, J., Greenwood, D., Thomas, J. and Cade, J. (2012). Process evaluation of a cluster randomised controlled trial of a school-based fruit and vegetable intervention: Project Tomato. Public Health Nutrition, 15, 3, 459-465. doi:10.1017/S1368980011001844.

Drapeau, V., Savard, M., Gallant, A., Nadeau, L., & Gagnon, J. (2016). The Effectiveness of A School‐Based Nutrition Intervention on Children's Fruit, Vegetables, and Dairy Product Intake. Journal of School Health ISSN: 0022-4391, 86(5), 353-362.

Gross, S. M., Biehl, E., Marshall, B., Paige, D. M., & Mmari, K. (2019). Role of the elementary school cafeteria environment in fruit, vegetable, and whole-grain consumption by 6-to 8-year-old students. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 51(1), 41-47.

Hoffman, J.A., Franko, D.L., Thompson, D.R., Power, T.J. & Stallings, V.A. (2010). Longitudinal behavioural effects of a school-based fruit and vegetable promotion program. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 35 (1), 61-71.

Hutchinson, J., Christian, M. S., Evans, C. E. L., Nykjaer, C., Hancock, N., & Cade, J. E. (2015). Evaluation of the impact of school gardening interventions on children's knowledge of and attitudes towards fruit and vegetables. A cluster randomised controlled trial. Appetite. ISSN: 0195-6663, 91, 405-414.

Kitchen, M.S., Ransley, J.K., Greenwood, D.C. et al. (2009). Protocol: a cluster randomised controlled trial of a school based fruit and vegetable intervention– Project Tomato. BMC Health Services Research [electronic resource]. 9: 101 doi:10.1186/1472-6963-9-101.

Morrill, B. A., Madden, G. J., Wengreen, H. J., Fargo, J. D., & Aguilar, S. S. (2016). A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Food Dudes Program: Tangible Rewards Are More Effective Than Social Rewards for Increasing Short-and Long-Term Fruit and Vegetable Consumption. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics ISSN: 2212-2672116(4), 618-629.

Ransley,J.K., Greenwood, D.C., Cade, J.E., Blenkinsop,S., Schagen,I., Teeman,D., Scott,E., White,G. & Schagen, S. (2007). Does the school fruit and vegetable scheme improve children’s diet? A non-randomised controlled trial. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61, 699-703.

Reynolds, Kim D., Frank A. Franklin, Dianne Binkley, James M. Raczynski, Kathleen F. Harrington, Katherine A. Kirk, and Sharina Person. (2000). Increasing the fruit and vegetable consumption of fourth-graders: results from the high 5 project. Preventive medicine. ISSN: 0091-7435 30, 4, 309-319.

Sharp, G., Pettigrew, S., Wright, S., Pratt, I. S., Blane, S., & Biagioni, N. (2017). Potential in-class strategies to increase children’s vegetable consumption. Public health nutrition, 1-9.

Wells, L. & Nelson, M. (2005). The National School Fruit Scheme produces short term but not long term increases in fruit consumption in primary school children. British Journal of Nutrition., 93, 537–42.

Wells, N. M., Meyers, B. M., Todd, L. E., Henderson Jr, C. R., Barale, K., Gaolach, B., ... & Hendrix, L. (2018). The carry-over effects of school gardens on fruit and vegetable availability at home: A randomized controlled trial with low-income elementary schools. Preventive medicine. ISSN: 0091-7435, 112, 152-159.

Methododogical issues for problem 1

These might some of the resources you come to much later, when you are trying to think critically about methods.

Cade, J.E., Frear, L. & Greenword, D.C. (2006). Assessment of diet in young children with an emphasis on fruit and vegetable intake: using CADET – Child and Diet Evaluation Tool. Public health nutrition, 9, 501-508.

Christian, M. S., Evans, C. E., Nykjaer, C., Hancock, N., & Cade, J. E. (2015). Measuring diet in primary school children aged 8-11 years: validation of the Child and Diet Evaluation Tool (CADET) with an emphasis on fruit and vegetable intake. European journal of clinical nutrition. ISSN: 0954-3007, 69(2), 234.

Diep, C. S., Chen, T. A., Davies, V. F., Baranowski, J. C., & Baranowski, T. (2014). Influence of behavioral theory on fruit and vegetable intervention effectiveness among children: a meta-analysis. Journal of nutrition education and behavior. ISSN: 1499-4046, 46(6), 506-546.

Prestwich, A., Webb, T. L., & Conner, M. (2015). Using theory to develop and test interventions to promote changes in health behaviour: Evidence, issues, and recommendations. Current Opinion in Psychology, 5, 1-5. - Available online:

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Problem 2 resources will be given in Week 5

This list was last updated on 23/09/2019