Skip to main content

PHIL2542
PHIL2542 2018_19 Module Reading List

Introduction to Metaphysics, 2019/20, Semester 2
Dr Will Gamester
d.gamester@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Core readings

Anscombe, Elisabeth (1984), ‘Were you a zygote?’, Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement  

Campbell, Tim and Jeff MacMahan (2016), ‘Animalism and the Varieties of Conjoined Twinning’, in Animalism: New Essays on Persons, Animals and Identity, Oxford: OUP  

Conee, Earl and Ted Sider (2014), Riddles of existence : a guided tour of metaphysics ISBN: 9780198724049 (pbk.) : £9.99, Oxford: OUP, available online through Leeds University library 

Crane, Tim (2013), The objects of thought ISBN: 9780199682744 hardback; 0199682747 hardback, Oxford: Oxford University Press  

Kingma, Elselijn Kingma (2018), ‘Lady Parts: the metaphysics of pregnancy’, Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement, 82  

Lewis, David (1986), On the plurality of worlds ISBN: 063113994X (pbk ; cased) : £6.95; 0631139931, Oxford: Blackwell  

Ney, Alyssa (2014), Metaphysics : an introduction ISBN: 9780415640756 paperback; 9780415640749 hardback; 0415640741 hardback; 041564075X paperback; 9781317676331 (ePub ebook) : £24.99; 9781317676348 (PDF ebook) : £24.99; 9781317676324 (Mobipocket ebook) : £24.99; 9781315771755 ebook, London: Routledge  

Olson, Eric (2009), ‘Self: Personal Identity’ in W. Banks (ed.) Encyclopedia of Consciousness, Elsevier, pp.301-312  Available online

Quine, W.V. (1954), ‘On what there is’, The journal of symbolic logic, Vol. 19  

Rorhbaugh, Guy (2014), ‘Anscombe, Zygotes, and Coming-to-be’, Noûs, 48:4  

Thomasson, Amie (2007), Ordinary objects ISBN: 9780195319910 (cloth : alk. paper); 0195319915 (cloth : alk. paper); 9780195319918 (cloth : alk. paper), Oxford: OUP  

***

Further suggested readings for essays

Question (1): ‘Does linguistic ersatzism provide a successful reductive analysis of modality?’

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry on ‘Modal Realism’ (author: Ted Parent).

SEP entry on ‘Possible Worlds’ (author: Menzel, Christopher).

Divers, John (2002), Possible Worlds, Routledge

Lewis, David (1986), On the plurality of worlds ISBN: 063113994X (pbk ; cased) : £6.95; 0631139931, Blackwell 

Melia, Joseph (2001), ‘Reducing Possibilities to Language’, Analysis, 61:1 

Miller, Richard (2001), ‘Moderate Modal Realism’, Philosophia, 28

Roy, Tony (1995), ‘In defense of linguistic ersatzism’, Philosophical studies, 80

 Sider, Ted (2003), ‘Reductive Theories of Modality’, in The Oxford handbook of metaphysics ISBN: 0199284229 (pbk.); 9780199284221 (pbk.); 019825024x; 9780198250241, Michael J. Lous & Dean Zimmerman (eds.), pp.180-208

Question (2): ‘Are possible worlds concrete or abstract entities? Defend your answer.’

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry on ‘Modal Realism’ (author: Ted Parent).

SEP entry on ‘Possible Worlds’ (author: Menzel, Christopher). 

Divers, John (2002), Possible Worlds, Routledge

McDaniel, Kris (2006), ‘Modal Realisms’, Philosophical perspectives, 20

Melia, Joseph (2003), Modality, McGill-Queen’s University Press

Miller, Richard (2001), ‘Moderate Modal Realism’, Philosophia, 28 Available online

Lewis, David (1986), On the plurality of worlds ISBN: 063113994X (pbk ; cased) : £6.95; 0631139931, Blackwell

Question (3): ‘What is the problem of negative existential statements about non-existent objects? Set out and defend one response to it.’

SEP article on ‘non-existent objects’, esp. section 3.1 (author: Maria Reicher).

SEP article on ‘existence’ (author: Michael Nelson).

Barcan Marcus, Ruth (1975), ‘Dispensing with Possibilia’, in Proceedings and addresses of the American Philosophical Association, 47

Crane, Tim (2013), The Objects of Thought, Oxford: OUP.

Meinong, A., (1904), “On Object Theory,” in Realism and the background of phenomenology ISBN: 9781258144326, R. Chisholm (ed.), Glencoe: The Free Press, 1960; translation of “Über Gegenstandstheorie,” in Untersuchungen zur Gegenstandstheorie und Psychologie, A. Meinong (ed.), Leipzig: Barth, 1904.

Quine, W.V.  (1954), ‘On what there is’, The journal of symbolic logic, Vol. 19. 

Russell, B., (1904), “Meinong's Theory of Complexes and Assumptions (I),” Mind, 13(50)

Russell, B., (1905), “On Denoting,” Mind, 14

Swanson, Carolyn, ‘A Meinongian minefield? The dangerous implications of nonexistence objects’, Human Affairs, 22:2 Available online

Walters, Lee (2015), ‘The Problem of Nonexistence: Truthmaking or Semantics? Critical Notice of The Objects of Thought by Tim Crane’, Disputatio, 7:41

Question (4): Make an argumentative case for one of the extreme answers to the special composition question.

Cornell, David, ‘Material Composition’, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, accessible here

Ney, Alyssa, Metaphysics : an introduction ISBN: 9780415640756 paperback; 9780415640749 hardback; 0415640741 hardback; 041564075X paperback; 9781317676331 (ePub ebook) : £24.99; 9781317676348 (PDF ebook) : £24.99; 9781317676324 (Mobipocket ebook) : £24.99; 9781315771755 ebook, Routledge (2014) [core reading]

Brenner, Andrew, ‘Mereological nihilism and the special arrangement question’, Synthese 192 (5):1295-1314 (2015)

Lewis, David (1986) On the plurality of worlds ISBN: 063113994X (pbk ; cased) : £6.95; 0631139931 (Oxford: Blackwell).

McGrath, M. (1998), Van Inwagen's critique of universalism, Analysis 58 (2):116-121

Merricks, Trenton (2005), ‘Composition and vagueness’, Mind 114 (455):615-637

Sider, Theodore (2013), ‘Against Parthood’, Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 8:237–293

Tallant, Jonathan (2014), ‘Against mereological nihilism’, Synthese 191 (7):1511-1527 Van Inwagen, Peter (1990) Material beings ISBN: 9780801483066 (pbk); 0801483069; 0801419697 (alk. paper), Cornell University Press

Question (5): Should we expect a single uniform answer to the special composition question? Explain your answer. 

Internet Encyclopedia entry on ‘Material Composition’ (author: David Cornell)

Extracts from Ney, Alyssa, Metaphysics : an introduction ISBN: 9780415640756 paperback; 9780415640749 hardback; 0415640741 hardback; 041564075X paperback; 9781317676331 (ePub ebook) : £24.99; 9781317676348 (PDF ebook) : £24.99; 9781317676324 (Mobipocket ebook) : £24.99; 9781315771755 ebook, Routledge (2014)

Carmichael, Chad (2015), 'Toward a Commonsense Answer to the Special Composition Question’, Australasian journal of philosophy 93 (3):475-490

Sanford, David (1993), The problem of the many, many composition questions, and naive mereology, Noûs 27 (2):219-228

Silva, Paul (2013), 'Ordinary Objects and Series‐Style Answers to the Special Composition Question’, Pacific philosophical quarterly 94 (1):69-88

Thomasson, Amie (2007), Ordinary Objects, Oxford University Press, Chapter 7 

Thomasson, Amie (2007), Ordinary Objects, Oxford University Press, Chapter 6. 

Van Inwagen, Peter, Material beings ISBN: 9780801483066 (pbk); 0801483069; 0801419697 (alk. paper), Cornell University Press (1990)

Question (6): ‘What good reasons are there to accept or deny to the central animalist claim that we are animals? Say which side you think is the strongest and why.’

Olson, Eric 2009, ‘Self: Personal Identity’, in W. Banks (ed.), Encyclopedia of Consciousness. Elsevier, pp.301-212. Available online

SEP article on ‘Animalism’ (author: Stephan Blatti)

SEP article on ‘Personal Identity’ (author: Eric Olson)

Bailey, Andrew M., 2015, ‘Animalism’ in Philosophy compass, 10:12

 Blatti, Stephan and Paul Snowdon (eds) (2016), Animalism: New Essays on Persons, Animals and Identity, Oxford: Oxford University Press.  

Madden, Rory 2016, ‘Human Persistence’, in Philosophers' imprint, 16

Olson, Eric (2003), ‘An Argument for Animalism’, in Personal identity ISBN: 9780631234425 (pbk); 063123442X (pbk); 9780631234418 (hbk); 0631234411 (hbk), Raymond Martin and John Barresi (eds)., Blackwell Readings in Philosophy: Oxford. 

Snowdon, Paul, 2014, Persons, animals, ourselves ISBN: 9780198769996 (pbk.) : £19.99, Oxford: Oxford University Press [Chap 1 of this book might be helpful in seeing how to set out the issues in this debate, but the other chapters are worth dipping into too]

Question (7): ‘Does animalism face its own too-many-subjects objection, and can it be met?’

Olson, Eric 2009, ‘Self: Personal Identity’, in W. Banks (ed.), Encyclopedia of Consciousness. Elsevier, pp.301-212. Available online

SEP article on ‘Animalism’ (author: Stephan Blatti)

SEP article on ‘Personal Identity’ (author: Eric Olson)

Bailey, Andrew M., 2015, ‘Animalism’ in Philosophy compass, 10:12

Olson, Eric (2003), ‘An Argument for Animalism’, in Personal identity ISBN: 9780631234425 (pbk); 063123442X (pbk); 9780631234418 (hbk); 0631234411 (hbk), Raymond Martin and John Barresi (eds)., Blackwell Readings in Philosophy: Oxford.

Campbell, Tim and Jeff MacMahan (2016), ‘Animalism and the Varieties of Conjoined Twinning’, in Animalism: New Essays on Persons, Animals and Identity, Oxford: OUP. 

Question (8): ‘Were you a zygote? Why, or why not?’

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry on ’Personal Identity’ (author: Carston Korfmacher). 

Anscombe, Elisabeth (1984), ‘Were you a zygote?’, Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement ISSN: 1358-2461; 1755-3555

Anscombe, G. E. M. (2005). Embryos and Final Causes. In M. Geach, and L. Gormally (Eds.) Human Life, Action, and Ethics, (pp. 45–58). Exeter: Imprint Academic.

Baker, L. R. (2007). The Metaphysics of Everyday Life ISBN: 9780521120296 (pbk.); 9780521880497 (hbk.); 0521880491 (hbk.); 0521120292 (pbk.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Howsepian, A. A. (2008). Four Queries Concerning the Metaphysics of Early Human Embryogenesis. Journal of medicine and philosophy, 33, 104–57.

Rorhbaugh, Guy (2014), ‘Anscombe, Zygotes, and Coming-to-be’, Noûs, 48:4

Van Inwagen, Peter (1990). Material beings ISBN: 9780801483066 (pbk); 0801483069; 0801419697 (alk. paper). Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

This list was last updated on 25/01/2019