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HIST2305
Module Reading List

Mughals, Merchants and Mercenaries: 'Company Raj' in India 1600-1857, 2019/20, Semester 1
Professor Andrea Major
a.major@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Required materials

There is no set text for this course, but the following textbooks appear repeatedly in the background reading for some or all of the module and are good introduction to South Asian history

Burton Stein A history of India, (Wiley-Blackwell, 1998), chs 1 and 3.

Barbara And Thomas Metcalfe,A Concise History of Modern India, (Cambridge University Press, 2006).

Ayesha Jalal and Sugata Bose, Modern South Asia : history, culture, political economy (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997).

Catherine Asher and Cynthia Talbot,India Before Europe, (CUP, 2006).

Crispin Bates, Subalterns and Raj : South Asia since 1600, (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007)

Chris Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998)

Jon Wilson, India Conquered (Simon and Schuster, 2016). 

Lakshmi Subramanian, History of India 1707-1857, (Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2010).

Eric Stokes, 'The First Century Of British Colonial Rule In India: Social Revolution Or Social Stagnation? ' Past & present. 58: 136-160.

David Washbrook 'South India 1770–1840: The Colonial Transition' in Modern Asian studies., 38, 2004, pp 479-516.

 

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Block 1: Mughal India

General

Francis Robinson, The Mughal emperors and the Islamic dynasties of India, Iran and Central Asia, 1206-1925 (London, 2007), pp. 112-179.

Harbans Mukhia, The Mughals of India (Oxford: Blackwell, 2004),

Douglas E. Streusand, The formation of the Mughal Empire (Oxford University Press, 1989)

John F. Richards, The Mughal Empire (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993)

Douglas E. Streusand, Islamic Gunpowder Empires: Ottomans, Safavids, and Mughals. Routledge, 2018. Ch. 5 

Richard Eaton, India in the Persianate Age: 1000-1765 (Penguin UK, 2019). 

Sunil Sharma, Mughal Arcadia (Harvard University Press, 2017).

 

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Week 2: Pre-colonial India and the Early Mughal Empire

Background Reading

Ayesha Jalal and Sugata Bose, Modern South Asia (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997), ch. 3.

Crispin Bates, Subalterns and Raj : South Asia since 1600, (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007), ch 1.

Catherine Asher & Cynthia Talbot, India before Europe, (CUP, 2006), intro and ch. 3, 4 5 and 6.

Barbara And Thomas Metcalfe,A Concise History Of Modern India, (Cambridge University Press, 2006), ch.1.

Burton Stein A history of India, (Wiley-Blackwell, 1998), intro and ch. 3.

Richard Eaton,. India in the Persianate Age: 1000-1765 (Penguin UK, 2019), ch. 5

Further Reading

Susan Bayly, Saints, Goddesses and Kings: Muslims and Christians in South Indian Society, 1700-1900 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), ch. 1 Available online

Susan Bayly, Caste, society and politics in India from the eighteenth century to the modern age, (Cambridge University Press, 2001), chs 1 and 2.

Nicholas Dirks 'The Original Caste: Power, History and Hierarchy in South Asia' in Contributions to Indian Sociology.1989; 23: 59-77 OR Nicholas B. Dirks, Castes of mind : colonialism and the making of modern India, (Princeton University Press, 2001), ch 4. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Cynthia Talbot, ‘Inscribing the Other, Inscribing the Self: Hindu-Muslim Identities in Pre-Colonial India’ in Comparative studies in society and history., 37, 1995.

Robert Eric Frykenberg, 'Constructions of Hinduism at the Nexus of History and Religion' The journal of interdisciplinary history., Vol. 23, No. 3, Religion and History (Winter, 1993), pp. 523-550

Gavin Flood, An Introduction to Hinduism, (Cambridge University Press, 1996), intro. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Phillip B. Wagoner, "“Sultan among Hindu Kings”: Dress, titles, and the Islamicization of Hindu culture at Vijayanagara." The Journal of Asian Studies 55.4 (1996): 851-880.

Ali Anooshahr, "Mughals, Mongols, and Mongrels: The Challenge of Aristocracy and the Rise of the Mughal State in the Tarikh-i Rashidi." Journal of Early Modern History 18.6 (2014): 559-577.

Munis Faruqui, "The Forgotten Prince: Mirza Hakim and the Formation of the Mughal Empire in India." Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 48.4 (2005): 487-523

Stephen P. Blake, "Courtly culture under Babur and the early Mughals." Journal of Asian History 20.2 (1986): 193-214.

Richard M. Eaton, The Rise Of Islam And The Bengal Frontier, 1204-1760,(Berkeley: University Of California Press, 1993), Ch. 6.

John F. Richards, The Mughal Empire (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993), Esp Chs 1 and 2.

M. Alam & S. Subrahmanyam (eds.) The Mughal State, 1526-1750 (OUP 1998), ch.1.

Jos J. L. Gommans, Mughal warfare : Indian frontiers and high roads to empire, 1500-1700, (Routledge, 2002)., ch. 1.

Harbans Mukhia, The Mughals of India (Oxford: Blackwell, 2004), , Ch. 1

Lal, Ruby. "Rethinking Mughal India: Challenge of a Princess' Memoir." Economic and Political Weekly (2003): 53-65.

John F. Richards, ‘Early modern India and World History’, Journal of World History (1997): 197-209.

Stephen P. Blake 'The Patrimonial-Bureaucratic Empire of the Mughals' in The journal of Asian studies. , Vol. 39, No. 1 (Nov., 1979), pp. 77-94

M. Athar Ali 'The Mughal Polity—A Critique of Revisionist Approaches' in Modern Asian studies. , 27, 1993, pp 699-710

M. Athar Ali, ‘Towards an Interpretation of the Mughal Empire’, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society. , No. 1 (1978), pp. 38-49.

Sanjay Subrahmanyam, 'The Mughal state--Structure or process? Reflections on recent western historiography' in Indian Economic & Social History Review 1992 29: 291-321.

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Week 3: The Mughal World

Background reading

Burton Stein A history of India, (Wiley-Blackwell, 1998), ch. 4.

Catherine Asher & Cynthia Talbot, India before Europe, (CUP, 2006),ch. 7.

Ayesha Jalal and Sugata Bose, Modern South Asia (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997), ch. 4.

Richard Eaton, India in the Persianate Age: 1000-1765 (Penguin UK, 2019). ch. 6.

Francis Robinson, The Mughal emperors and the Islamic dynasties of India, Iran and Central Asia, 1206-1925 (London, 2007), pp. 112-179. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Further Reading

Stephen P. Blake 'The Patrimonial-Bureaucratic Empire of the Mughals' in The journal of Asian studies., Vol. 39, No. 1 (Nov., 1979), pp. 77-94

M. Athar Ali 'The Mughal Polity—A Critique of Revisionist Approaches' in Modern Asian studies., 27, 1993, pp 699-710

M. Athar Ali, ‘Towards an Interpretation of the Mughal Empire’, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society., No. 1 (1978), pp. 38-49.

Sanjay Subrahmanyam, 'The Mughal state--Structure or process? Reflections on recent western historiography' in Indian Economic & Social History Review 1992 29: 291-321. Article available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE.  

S. Tambiah 'What did Bernier actually say? Profiling the Mughal empire', Contributions to Indian Sociology, 32, 1998, pp. 361-386

Lisa Balabanlilar, 'Lords of the Auspicious Conjunction: Turco-Mongol Imperial Identity on the Subcontinent', Journal of World History, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2007.

Harbans Mukhia, The Mughals of India (Oxford: Blackwell, 2004), ch. 3

Rosalind O'Hanlon, 'Manliness and Imperial Service in Mughal North India' in Journal of economic and social history of the Orient., 42:1, 1999, pp. 47-93.

Muzaffar Alam , ‘The Mughals, the Sufi Shaikhs and the Formation of the Akbari Dispensation’ in Modern Asian studies. 43 , 1 ( 2009 ) pp. 135 – 174.

Richard M. Eaton , The rise of Islam and the Bengal frontier, 1204-1760 [electronic resource], ( Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993), ch. 7.

John F. Richards, The Mughal Empire (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993), esp chs 3, 5, 6.

M. Alam & S. Subrahmanyam (eds.) The Mughal State, 1526-1750 (OUP 1998), esp. intro

Farhat Hasan, State and locality in Mughal India : power relations in western India, c. 1572-1730, (Cambridge University Press, 2004).

Ruby Lal, Domesticity and power in the early Mughal world (Cambridge, 2005).

Andrea Hintze, The Mughal Empire and its decline : an interpretation of the sources of social power (Ashgate: London, 1997)

Jos J. L. Gommans, Mughal warfare : Indian frontiers and high roads to empire, 1500-1700, (Routledge, 2002).

Harbans Mukhia, The Mughals of India (Oxford: Blackwell, 2004)

Douglas E. Streusand, The formation of the Mughal Empire (Oxford University Press, 1989)

Richard M. Eaton , The rise of Islam and the Bengal frontier, 1204-1760 [electronic resource], ( Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993), section 2

Naimur Rahman Farooqi "Diplomacy and diplomatic procedure under the Mughals." The Medieval History Journal 7.1 (2004): 59-86.

Balabanlilar, Lisa. "The Begims of the Mystic Feast: Turco-Mongol Tradition in the Mughal Harem." The Journal of Asian Studies 69.1 (2010): 123-147.

Karuna Sharma, "A Visit to the Mughal Harem: Lives of Royal Women." South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies 32.2 (2009): 155-169.

M. N. Pearson, "Recreation in Mughal India." The International Journal of the History of Sport 1.3 (1984): 335-350.

Ruby Lal, "Rethinking Mughal India: Challenge of a Princess' Memoir." Economic and Political Weekly (2003): 53-65.

Schofield, Katherine Butler. "The Courtesan Tale: Female Musicians and Dancers in Mughal Historical Chronicles, c. 1556–1748." Gender & History 24.1 (2012): 150-171.

Schimmel, Annemarie. The Empire of the Great Mughals: History, Art and Culture (Reaktion Books, 2004).  

Kumkum Chatterjee, "Goddess encounters: Mughals, Monsters and the Goddess in Bengal." Modern Asian Studies 47.5 (2013): 1435-1487.

Jon Barlow and Lakshmi Subramanian. "Music and society in North India: From the Mughals to the Mutiny." Economic and Political Weekly (2007): 1779-1787.

Catherine B. Asher, "Piety, Religion, and the Old Social Order in the Architecture of the Later Mughals and Their Contemporaries." in Rethinking Early Modern India (Manohar, 2002). 193-228. 

Catherine Asher et al, Architecture of Mughal India (Cambridge University Press, 1992).

Ebba Koch, "The Symbolic Possession of the World: European Cartography in Mughal Allegory and History Painting." Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 55.2-3 (2012): 547-580.

Vishakha N. Desai, "Painting and Politics in Seventeenth-Century North India: Mewār, Bikāner, and the Mughal Court." Art Journal 49.4 (1990): 370-378.

Santhi Kavuri-Bauer, Monumental Matters: The Power, Subjectivity, and Space of India’s Mughal Architecture (Duke University Press, 2011).

Ebba Koch, "The Taj Mahal: Architecture, Symbolism, and Urban Significance." Muqarnas 22 (2005): 128-149.

Asher, Catherine B. "Sub-imperial palaces: Power and authority in Mughal India." Ars Orientalis 23 (1993): 281-302.

 

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Week 4 - The ‘Decline’ of the Mughal Empire

Background Reading

Lakshmi Subramanian, History of India 1707-1857, (Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2010), ch. 1.

Barbara and Thomas Metcalfe, A concise history of modern India, (Cambridge University Press, 2006), ch. 2

Catherine Asher & Cynthia Talbot, India before Europe, (CUP, 2006), chs 8 and 9.

Burton Stein A history of India, (Wiley-Blackwell, 1998), ch. 4.

Crispin Bates, Subalterns and Raj : South Asia since 1600, (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007), ch 2.

Ayesha Jalal and Sugata Bose, Modern South Asia : history, culture, political economy (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997), chs 5 and 6.

Richard Eaton, India in the Persianate Age: 1000-1765 (Penguin UK, 2019), ch. 7 and 8.

Chris Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), intro and ch. 1.

Further Reading

M. N. Pearson, 'Shivaji and the Decline of the Mughal Empire' in The journal of Asian studies., 35:2, 1976, pp. 221-235.

J. F. Richards, 'The Imperial Crisis in the Deccan' in The journal of Asian studies., Vol. 35, No. 2 (Feb., 1976), pp. 237-256

P. Hardy 'Commentary and Critique' in The journal of Asian studies. 35:2, 1976, pp. 257-263.

J.C. Heesterman: The inner conflict of tradition : essays in Indian ritual, kingship, and society (Chicago, 1985), ch. 11. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Karen Leonard 'The 'Great Firm' Theory of the Decline of the Mughal Empire' in Comparative studies in society and history., Vol. 21, No. 2 (Apr., 1979), pp. 151-167: See also J. F. Richards, 'Mughal State Finance and the Pre-modern World Economy' in Comparative studies in society and history., Vol. 23, No. 2 (Apr., 1981), pp. 285-308, and Karen Leonard, 'Indigenous Banking Firms in Mughal India: A reply' in Comparative studies in society and history., Vol. 23, No. 2 (Apr., 1981), pp. 309-313

Muzaffar Alam, The crisis of empire in Mughal north India : Awadh and the Punjab, 1707-48, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986).

S. Alavi (ed.), The eighteenth century in India (Delhi:OUP, 2002), intro and ch. 3.

Philip B. Calkins, ‘The Formation of a Regionally Oriented Ruling Group in Bengal, 1700-1740’ in The journal of Asian studies. ISSN: 0021-9118., 29:4, Aug., 1970, pp. 799-806

Chris Bayly, Rulers, townsmen and bazaars : North Indian society in the age of British expansion, 1770-1870, (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1983), intro and ch. 1.

Burton Stein, 'Eighteenth Century India: Another view' in Studies in History 1989 5: 1-26.

John F. Richards, The Mughal Empire (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993), chs 10, 11, 12.

P.J. Marshall (ed.), The eighteenth century in Indian history : evolution or revolution?, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003), introduction Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

James W. Laine, Shivaji : Hindu king in Islamic India (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2003)

Stewart Gordon, The Marathas 1600-1818, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993), ch. 3 and 4.

Andrea Hintze, The Mughal Empire and its decline : an interpretation of the sources of social power (Ashgate: London 1997).

Stewart Gordon, Marathas, marauders, and state formation in eighteenth-century India (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994)

P. J. Marshall, Bengal: The British Bridgehead, Eastern India 1740-1828, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987), chs 1 and 2.

John R. McLane, Land and local kingship in eighteenth-century Bengal (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), esp. part 1.

Muzaffar Alam ‘The Zamindars and Mughal Power in the Deccan, 1685-1712’ in Indian Economic & Social History Review January 1974 11: 74-91.

Stewart Gordon, The Marathas 1600-1818, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993)

James W. Laine, ‘ A question of Maharashtrian identity: Hindu self-definition in the tales of Shivaji ’ in Meera Korsambi (ed) , Intersections: Socio-cultural Trends in Maharashtra, (2000)

John F. Richards ‘The Seventeenth-Century Crisis in South Asia’ in Modern Asian studies. 24:4, 1990, pp. 625-638

R. P. Rana, ‘Was There an Agrarian Crisis in Mughal North India during the Late-Seventeenth and Early-Eighteenth Centuries? ’ in Social scientist. Vol. 34, No. 11/12 (Nov. - Dec., 2006), pp. 18-32

Athar Ali, 'The Passing of Empire: The Mughal Case.' Modern Asian studies., 9, 1975, pp 385-396

Muzaffar Alam Eastern India in the early eighteenth century 'crisis': Some evidence from Bihar’ in Indian Economic & Social History Review, March 1991 28: 43-71.

 

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Block 2: The Rise of the East India company

General

Philip Lawson, The East India Company: A History (Routledge, 2014).

Philip J. Stern, "History and historiography of the English East India Company: Past, present, and future!." History Compass 7.4 (2009): 1146-1180.

H. Bowen, M. Lincoln And N. Rigby (Eds), TThe Worlds of the East India Company (London: Boydell& Brewer, 2002).

Nick Robins, The Corporation That Changed the World: How the East India Company Shaped the Modern Multinational (Pluto Press, 2006)

Anthony Wild, The East India Company: trade and conquest from 1600 (HarperCollins:1999)

Lakshmi Subramanian,History Of India 1707-1857, (Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2010).

Barbara And Thomas Metcalfe,A Concise History Of Modern India, (Cambridge University Press, 2006), Ch. 2.

Burton Stein A History Of India, (Wiley-Blackwell, 1998), ch. 5.

Ayesha Jalal And Sugata Bose, Modern South Asia: History, Culture, Political Economy (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997), Chs 5 And 6.

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Week 5: The Company and Seventeenth Century India

Background Reading

Catherine Asher & Cynthia Talbot, India before Europe, (CUP, 2006), Chs 9.

Jon Wilson, India Conquered: Britain’s Raj and the Chaos of Empire (Simon and Schuster, 2016), ch. 2 and 3.

Philip Lawson, The East India Company: A History (Routledge, 2014).

Ian Barrow, The East India Company, 1600–1858: A Short History with Documents (Hackett, 2017), ch. 1. 

Further Reading

Murari Kumar Jha, ‘The Mughals, merchants and the European Companies in the 17th century Surat’, Asia Europe Journal 3.2 (2005): 269-283.

Om Prakash, European commercial enterprise in pre-colonial India (Cambridge University Press, 1998).

Miles Ogborn, Indian ink: script and print in the making of the English East India Company. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008).

Kirti N. Chaudhuri, The Trading World of Asia and the English East India Company: 1660-1760. (Cambridge University Press, 2006).

Philip J. Stern, "“A politie of civill & military power”: political thought and the late seventeenth-century foundations of the East India Company-State." Journal of British Studies 47.2 (2008): 253-283.

Miles Ogborn, "Writing travels: power, knowledge and ritual on the English East India Company’s early voyages." Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 27.2 (2002): 155-171

Sanjay Subrahmanyam, ‘Frank Submissions: the Company and the Mughals Between Sir Thomas Roe and Sir William Norris’, in H. Bowen, M. Lincoln And N. Rigby (Eds), The Worlds Of The East India Company (London: Boydell& Brewer, 2002).

Femme Gaastra, ‘War, Competition and Collaboration: Relations Between the English and Dutch Companies in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries’ in H. Bowen, M. Lincoln And N. Rigby (Eds), The Worlds Of The East India Company (London: Boydell& Brewer, 2002).

Philip J. Stern, "Politics and ideology in the early East India Company-state: the case of St Helena, 1673–1709." The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 35.1 (2007): 1-23.

Emily Erikson, Between Monopoly and Free Trade: The English East India Company, 1600–1757 (Princeton University Press, 2016). 

Philip J. Stern, The company-state: corporate sovereignty and the early modern foundations of the British empire in India. (Oxford University Press, 2011). 

Philip J. Stern, "Soldier and citizen in the seventeenth-century English East India Company." Journal of Early Modern History 15.1-2 (2011): 83-104.

Margaret R Hunt and Philip J. Stern. The English East India Company at the Height of Mughal Expansion: A Soldier's Diary of the 1689 Siege of Bombay (Macmillan Publishers Ltd., 2016). 

Pramod K. Nayar, English Writing and India, 1600-1920: Colonizing Aesthetics (Routledge, 2008. Ch. 1 and 2.

H. Bowen, ‘No Longer Mere Traders’ In H. Bowen, M. Lincoln And N. Rigby (Eds), H. Bowen, M. Lincoln And N. Rigby (Eds), The Worlds Of The East India Company (London: Boydell& Brewer, 2002).

Robert Markley, The Far East and the English Imagination, 1600-1730. Cambridge University Press, 2006.

R Barbour Before orientalism: London's theatre of the East, 1576-1626 (Cambridge University Press, 2003), ch. 5.

Jyotsna Singh, Colonial narratives/cultural dialogues:'Discoveries' of India in the language of colonialism (Routledge, 2003), Ch. 1.

Markus Vink, ‘" The World's Oldest Trade": Dutch Slavery and Slave Trade in the Indian Ocean in the Seventeenth Century’ Journal of World History (2003): 131-177.

Amrita Sen, ‘Early Liaisons: East India Company, Native Wives, and Inscription in the Seventeenth Century’, South Asian Review, 33:2, 2012, 101-116.

Chaudhuri, Kirti N. The English East India Company: The study of an early joint-stock company 1600-1640 (Taylor & Francis, 1999).

 

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Week 6: From Trade to Conquest

Background Reading

Lakshmi Subramanian, History of India 1707-1857, (Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2010), ch. 2.

Barbara and Thomas Metcalfe, A concise history of modern India, (Cambridge University Press, 2006), ch. 2

Crispin Bates, Subalterns and Raj : South Asia since 1600, (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007), ch 2.

Ayesha Jalal and Sugata Bose, Modern South Asia : history, culture, political economy (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997), Ch. 6.

Chris Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), ch. 2 and 3.

P. J. Marshall, 'British Expansion In India In The Eighteenth Century: A Historical Revision' In History., 60:198, 1975, Pp. 28-43. OR William Roger Louis et al (eds), The Oxford History of the British Empire, Volume II: The eighteenth century (Oxford University Press, 2001), ch 22.

Michael H. Fisher, The politics of the British annexation of India, 1757-1857 (Oxford in India Readings: Themes in Indian History) (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1993), introduction

Philip Lawson, The East India Company: A History, (London: Longman, 1987), Chs 4 And 5.

Jon Wilson, India Conquered: Britain’s Raj and the Chaos of Empire (Simon and Schuster, 2016), ch. 4.

Further Reading

Lakshmi Subramanian, 'Banias and the British: The Role of Indigenous Credit in the Process of Imperial Expansion in Western India in the Second Half of the Eighteenth Century' in Modern Asian studies., 21:3, 1987, pp. 473-510

Kumkum Chatterjee, 'Collaboration and conflict: Bankers and early colonial rule in India: 1757-1813' in Indian Economic Social History Review, 30, 1993, pp. 283-310 Article available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE. - Available online: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/001946469303000302  

Jim Phillips ‘A Successor to the Moguls: The Nawab of the Carnatic and the East India Company, 1763-1785’ International history review., Vol. 7, No. 3 (Aug., 1985), pp. 364-389

Chris Bayly, ‘The British Military-Fiscal State and Indigenous Resistance. India 1750-1820’, in Lawrence Stone, ed., An Imperial state at war : Britain from 1689 to 1815, London and New York: Routledge, 1994, pp. 322-354.

R. K. Ray, ‘Indian Society and the Establishment of British Supremacy, 1765-1818’ in William Roger Louis et al, The Oxford History of the British Empire, Volume II: The eighteenth century ISBN: 0198205635 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998)

Robert Travers, 'Ideology and British expansion in Bengal, 1757-72' in The journal of imperial and commonwealth history., 33:1, 2005, pp. 7-27.

Sudipta Sen, 'Colonial Frontiers of the Georgian State: East India Company's Rule in India'. Journal of historical sociology.., 7: 368–392.

Sudipta Sen, Empire of free trade : the East India Company and making of the colonial marketplace, (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998).

Chris Bayly, Rulers, townsmen and bazaars : North Indian society in the age of British expansion, 1770-1870, (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1983), chs 3-6.

Lakshmi Subramanian, Indigenous capital and imperial expansion : Bombay, Surat, and the West Coast (New Delhi, 1996)

S. Arasaratnam, ‘Trade and Political Dominion in South India, 1750–1790: Changing British—Indian Relationships’ in Modern Asian studies., 13, 1979, pp 19-40

Randolf G. S. Cooper, The Anglo-Maratha campaigns and the contest for India : the struggle for control of the South Asian military economy (Cambridge University Press; 2007)

P.J. Marshall (ed.), The eighteenth century in Indian history : evolution or revolution?, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003), intro and Section 3

P. J. Marshall, Bengal: The British Bridgehead, Eastern India 1740-1828, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987), ch 3.

Seema Alavi (ed.), The eighteenth century in India (Delhi:OUP, 2002), chs 5 and 7.

Seema Alavi, The sepoys and the Company : tradition and transition in Northern India, 1770-1830, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998).

G. J. Bryant, 'Indigenous Mercenaries in the Service of European Imperialists: The Case of the Sepoys in the Early British Indian Army, 1750-1800' in War in history. January 2000 7 : 2 - 28,

Dirk Kolff, Naukar, Rajput, and sepoy : the ethnohistory of the military labour market in Hindustan, 1450-1850:, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), ch. 5. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Michelguglielmo Torri, ‘Trapped inside the Colonial Order: The Hindu Bankers of Surat and Their Business World during the Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, Modern Asian studies., Vol. 25, No. 2 (May, 1991), pp. 367-401

Om Prakash, ‘The English East India Company and India’ in H. Bowen, M. Lincoln and N. Rigby (eds), The worlds of the East India Company, (London: Boydell & Brewer, 2002).

Chris Bayly, Empire and information : intelligence gathering and social communication in India, 1780-1870, (New Delhi: Cambridge University Press, 1999), ch 2

Rudrangshu Mukherjee, 'Trade and Empire in Awadh, 1765-1804' in Past & present, No. 94 (Feb., 1982), pp. 85-102

P. J. Marshall, "Economic and Political Expansion: The Case of Oudh", in Modern Asian studies, ix (1975).

P. J. Marshall, 'Western Arms in Maritime Asia in the Early Phases of Expansion' in Modern Asian studies,14, 1980, pp 1328.

 

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Week 7: Nabobs: British Responses to Empire in India

Background Reading

H. V. Bowen, 'British India, 1765-1813: The Metropolitan Context' In P. Marshall (Ed),The Oxford History Of British Empire: The Eighteenth Century, Vol. 2, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998). 

Philip Lawson, The East India Company, A History (Routledge, 2014). Ch. 5 and 6.

Tillman W. Nechtman 'Nabobs Revisited: A Cultural History of British Imperialism and the Indian Question in Late-Eighteenth-Century Britain' in History Compass. , 4:4, pp. 645 – 667

John. E. Wills, 'European Consumption and Asian Production in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries' in John Brewer & Roy Porter (eds) Consumption and the World of Goods (London: Routledge, 1993) pp. 133-147.

Further Reading

P. J. Marshall (ed.) Problems of empire : Britain and India, 1757-1813 (London: Allen and Unwin, 1968), Introduction.

Philip Lawson and Jim Phillips "Our Execrable Banditti": Perceptions of Nabobs in Mid-Eighteenth Century Britain' in Albion., 16:3, 1984, pp. 225-241.

P. J. Marshall, “The Moral Swing to the East: British Humanitarianism, India and the West Indies,” in P. J. Marshall (ed) "A free though conquering people" : eighteenth-century Britain and its empire(Ashgate, 2003)

Tillman W. Nechtman, 'Nabobinas: Luxury, Gender, and the Sexual Politics of British Imperialism in India in the Late Eighteenth Century' in Journal of women's history., 18:4, 2006, pp. 8–30.

Tillman Nechtman, Nabobs : empire and identity in eighteenth-century Britain, (Cambridge: Cambridge university Press, 2010

H. Bowen, ‘No Longer Mere Traders’ in H. Bowen, M. Lincoln and N. Rigby (eds), The Worlds of the East India Company, (London: Boydell& Brewer, 2002).

Huw Bowen, 'British Conceptions of Global Empire, 1756–83', The journal of imperial and commonwealth history. ISSN: 0308-6534, 26.3 (1998): 1-27.

Nicholas B. Dirks, The Scandal of Empire: India and the Creation of Imperial Britain, (Cambridge (Mass): Harvard University Press, 2004).

Siraj Ahmed, ‘The Theater of the Civilized Self: Edmund Burke and the East India Trials’ in Representations, 78:1, 2002, pp. 28-55

P. J. Marshall, "The making of an Imperial Icon: The case of Warren Hastings" in The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 27:3, 1999.

Susan David Bernstein, Elsie Browning Michie (eds), Victorian Vulgarity: Taste in Verbal and Visual Culture (London: Ashgate Publishing, 2009), ch. 13.

Renu Juneja, 'The Native and the Nabob: Representations of the Indian Experience in Eighteenth-Century English Literature' in The Journal of Commonwealth Literature, 27, 1992, pp. 183-198.

Christina Smylitopoulos. "Rewritten and Reused: Imaging the Nabob through "Upstart Iconography"." in Eighteenth-Century Life. 32.2, 2008, pp. 39-59.

Tillman Nechtman, Nabobs: Empire and Identity in Eighteenth-Century Britain, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010).

Lawson, Philip, ‘Robert Clive, the Black Jaghire, and British Politics’, The Historical Journal, 26, 1983, pp. 801–29.

Maxine Berg,. 'Asian Luxuries and the making of the European Consumer Revolution in Luxury' in Luxury in the Eighteenth Century: Debates, Desires and Delectable Goods [eds. by Maxine Berg & Elizabeth Eger] (London: Palgrave Macmillan Ltd., 2003) pp. 228-244.

Maxine Berg, Luxury and Pleasure in Eighteenth-Century Britain (Oxford: OUP, 2005), ch. 2.

Maxine Berg, 'In Pursuit of Luxury: Global History and British Consumer Goods in the Eighteenth Century' in Past & Present , 182, 2004.

Troy Bickham 'Eating the Empire: Intersections of Food, Cookery and Imperialism in Eighteenth-Century Britain' in Past & Present, 198, 2008, pp. 71-109

 

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Block 3: Company Raj and 1857

General Reading

Jon Wilson, India Conquered: The British Raj and the Chaos of Empire (Simon and Schuster, 2016), ch. 5 to 8.

Jon Wilson, The domination of strangers : modern governance in Eastern India, 1780-1835 (Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008),

Lakshmi Subramanian, History of India 1707-1857, (Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2010)

Chris Bayly, Rulers, townsmen and bazaars : North Indian society in the age of British expansion, 1770-1870, (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1983), chs 7-11

Nick Robins, The Corporation That Changed the World: How the East India Company Shaped the Modern Multinational (Pluto Press, 2006)

Anthony Wild, The East India Company: trade and conquest from 1600 (HarperCollins:199

D. Washbrook, 'India, 1818-1860: two faces of colonialism' in A. Porter (ed.), The Oxford History of the British Empire, Volume III: The nineteenth century (Oxford: OUP, 1999).

D. A. Washbrook 'Economic Depression and the Making of Traditional Society in Colonial India, 1820–55' Transactions of the Royal Historical Society., 6th series, vol 3 (1993), 237–63.

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Week 9: 'Era of Reform'? Consolidating the Colonial State

Background Reading

Lakshmi Subramanian, History of India 1707-1857, (Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2010), ch. 3 and 4

Barbara and Thomas Metcalfe, A concise history of modern India, (Cambridge University Press, 2006), ch. 3

Ayesha Jalal and Sugata Bose, Modern South Asia (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997), chs 7.

Crispin Bates, Subalterns and Raj : South Asia since 1600, (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007), ch 3

C.A. Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire (Cambridge, 1988), ch. 4.

Further Reading

Fisher, Michael H. "The Imperial Coronation of 1819: Awadh, the British and the Mughals." Modern Asian Studies 19.2 (1985): 239-277.

Nicholas B. Dirks, 'From Little King to Landlord: Property, Law, and the Gift under the Madras Permanent Settlement' in Comparative studies in society and history., Vol. 28, No. 2 (Apr., 1986), pp. 307-333.

Bernard S. Cohn, ‘From Indian Status To British Contract’ The Journal Of Economic History, Vol. 21, No. 4 (Dec, 1961), Pp. 613-628

T. R. Travers 'The Real Value of the Lands': The Nawabs, the British and the Land Tax in Eighteenth-Century Bengal. Modern Asian studies., 38, 2004, pp 517-558.

Michael Mann, ‘A permanent settlement for the Ceded and Conquered provinces: Revenue administration in north India, 1801-1833’ in Indian Economic & Social History Review June 1995 32: 245-269

Bernard S. Cohn Colonialism and its forms of knowledge : the British in India, (Princeton University Press, 1996), ch. 3.

D. A.Washbrook 'Law, State and Agrarian Society in Colonial India,' Modern Asian studies., 15, 3 (1981), esp. pp. 649-670.

Harald Fischer-Tine and Michael Mann (eds), Colonialism as civilizing mission : cultural ideology in British India, (London: Anthem Press, 2004), ch.1 .

R. Guha, A rule of property for Bengal : an essay on the idea of permanent settlement (Orient Blackswan, 1982).

Radhika Singha 'Making the domestic more domestic: Criminal law and the 'head of the household', 1772-1843 Indian Economic & Social History Review 1996 33: 309-343, Article available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE.  

Bernard S. Cohn, ‘From Indian Status to British Contract’ The journal of economic history., Vol. 21, No. 4 (Dec., 1961), pp. 613-628

T Lloyd, 'Thuggee, marginality and the state effect in colonial India, circa 1770-1840' in Indian Economic & Social History Review, 2008.

Radhika Singha “Providential” Circumstances: The Thuggee Campaign of the 1830s and Legal Innovation' in Modern Asian studies., 27, 1993, pp. 83-146.

Kim Wagner, 'The Deconstructed Stranglers: A Reassessment of Thuggee' in Modern Asian studies., 2004 OR Kim A. Wagner, 'Thuggee And Social Banditry Reconsidered', in The historical journal., 2007.

Nitin Sinha, 'Mobility, control and criminality in early colonial India, 1760s-1850s' in Indian Economic & Social History Review 45, 2008, pp. 1-33.

P. J. Marshall, Bengal: The British Bridgehead, Eastern India 1740-1828, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987), ch. 4 and 5.

Jon Wilson, The domination of strangers : modern governance in Eastern India, 1780-1835 (Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008), chs 4 and 5.

Robert Travers, Ideology and empire in eighteenth century India : the British in Bengal, 1757-93, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007)

Stewart N. Gordon, 'Bhils and the idea of a criminal tribe in nineteenth century India' in A. Yang (ed.), Crime and criminality in British India, (Tucson, 1985)

Radhika Singha, 'Settle, Mobilize, Verify: Identification Practices in Colonial India' in Studies in History, 16, 2000, pp. 151-198. Available online

Kim A. Wagner Thuggee : banditry and the British in early nineteenth-century India, (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007).

Parama Roy, 'Discovering India, Imagining Thuggee', in Yale journal of criticism, 9:1, 1996, pp. 121-145 OR Parama Roy, Indian traffic : identities in question in colonial and postcolonial India, (University of California Press, 1998), ch 2.

T Lloyd, ‘ Liminal 'Criminals': Re-thinking Historiographies of, and through, the 'Thuggee' Phenomenon ’ in History compass. ISSN: 1478-0542, 5:2, 2007, pp. 362-374.

C. A. Bayly ‘Knowing the Country: Empire and Information in India’ in Modern Asian studies., 27: 1, 1993.

Banerjee, Abhijit; Iyer, Lakshmi, ‘History, Institutions, and Economic Performance: The Legacy of Colonial Land Tenure Systems in India’ in American economic review. ISSN: 0002-8282, Volume 95, Number 4, September 2005, pp. 1190-1213

Stewart N. Gordon, 'Scarf and Sword: Thugs, Marauders, and State Formation in Eighteenth-Century Malwa' in Indian Economic & Social History Review, 6:4, 1969, pp. 403-429. Article available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE.  

Kathleen Wilson (ed) A new imperial history : culture, identity, and modernity in Britain and the Empire, 1660-1840, (Cambridge University Press, 2004), ch. by Sen Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Peers, Douglas M. ‘Gunpowder Empires and the Garrison State: Modernity, Hybridity, and the Political Economy of Colonial India, circa 1750-1860’ Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East. 2007 27: 245-258

 

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Week 10: Civilising Mission? Evangalicalism, Utilitarianism and Social Reform.

Background Reading

Lakshmi Subramanian, History of India 1707-1857, (Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2010), ch. 4

Barbara and Thomas Metcalfe, A concise history of modern India, (Cambridge University Press, 2006), ch. 3

Ayesha Jalal and Sugata Bose, Modern South Asia (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997), chs 8.

Crispin Bates, Subalterns and Raj : South Asia since 1600 (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007), ch 3

C.A. Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire (Cambridge, 1988), ch. 5.

Thomas Metcalfe, Ideologies of the Raj, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), esp. chs 1 and 2 

Further Reading

Michael Adas, Machines as the Measure of Men: Science, Technology and Ideologies of Western Dominance, (Cornell University Press, 1990), ch 4.

Gauri Viswanathan, ‘Currying Favor: The Politics of British Educational and Cultural Policy in India, 1813-1854’ Social text. ISSN: 0164-2472. No. 19/20 (Autumn, 1988), pp. 85-104

Ian Copland, 'Christianity As An Arm Of Empire: The Ambiguous Case Of India Under The Company, c. 1813–1858' in The historical journal., 49, 2006, pp. 1025-1054.

Lata Mani, 'Contentious Traditions: Production of an Official discourse on Sati in Early 19th Century Bengal' in K. Sangari and S. Vaid (eds) Recasting women : essays in Indian colonial history (New Delhi: Kali for Women, 1989).

H. Fischer-Tine and Michael Mann (eds), Colonialism as civilizing mission : cultural ideology in British India,(London: Anthem Press, 2004), ch. 3 on sati

Andrea Major ‘A Question Of Rites? Perspectives On The Colonial Encounter With Sati’ in History compass., Sept 2006.

Satudru Sen 'The Savage Family, Colonialism and Female Infanticide in Nineteenth-Century India' in Journal of women's history., 14:3, 2002, 53-79.

Sudipta Sen, Distant sovereignty : national imperialism and the origins of British India (New York: Routledge, 2002), chs 2 and 3.

David Kopf, British Orientalism and the Bengal renaissance : the dynamics of Indian modernization, 1773-1835. (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1969).

Norman Etherington, Missions and empire, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005), ch 6.

Andrew Porter, ‘Religion, Missionary Enthusiasm and Empire’ in William Roger Lewis (ed.) The Oxford History of the British Empire, Volume III: The nineteenth century ISBN: 0198205651, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).

Geoffrey A. Oddie , Imagined Hinduism : British Protestant missionary constructions of Hinduism, 1793-1900 (New Delhi: Sage, 2006)

C. Robertson, (ed), The essential writings of Raja Rammohan Ray ( Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1999).

Ashis Nandy, At the edge of psychology : essays in politics and culture (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1980), ch on sati. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Ania Loomba, ‘Dead Women Tell No Tales : Issues of Female Subjectivity, Subaltern Agency and Tradition in Colonial and Post-Colonial Writings on Widow Immolation in India’ in History workshop journal. 36:1, 1993.

Malavika Kasturi, Embattled Identities(Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2002), ch. 3. Or Harald Fischer-Tine and Michael Mann (eds), Colonialism as civilizing mission : cultural ideology in British India, (London: Anthem Press, 2004), ch. 5.

Gauri Viswanathan, Masks of conquest : literary study and British rule in India, (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1989).

Crispin Bates (ed.), Beyond representation : colonial and postcolonial constructions of Indian identity, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), ch. By Bates on human sacrifice. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

E.T. Stokes, 'Bureaucracy & Ideology in Britain and India in the 19th century', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society., 5th series, xxx (1980)

Jeffrey Cox, Imperial fault lines : Christianity and colonial power in India, 1818-1940, (Stanford: Stanford University Press, c2002), intro and ch 1.

Lata Mani, Contentious Traditions: the debate on sati in colonial India, (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998)

Andrea Major, Pious flames : European encounters with sati, 1500-1830 (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2006), chs 4, 5, 6.

Anand Yang, ‘Whose Sati? Widow Burning in Early 19th Century India’ in Journal of women's history., 1:2, 1989, p. 8-33.

R Singha, ‘The privilege of taking life: Some 'anomalies' in the law of homicide in the Bengal Presidency’ in Indian Economic & Social History Review, 1993

Jon Wilson, The domination of strangers : modern governance in Eastern India, 1780-1835 (Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008), ch. 7.

 

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Week 11: Mutiny? The Indian Uprising of 1857

Background Reading

Lakshmi Subramanian, History of India 1707-1857, (Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2010), ch.

Crispin Bates, Subalterns and Raj : South Asia since 1600, (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007), ch. 4.

Ayesha Jalal and Sugata Bose, Modern South Asia (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997), ch 9.

C.A. Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire (Cambridge, 1988), ch. 6

Jon Wilson, India Conquered: The British Raj and the Chaos of Empire (Simon and Schuster, 2016), ch. 8.

Further Reading

Chris Bayly, Empire and information : intelligence gathering and social communication in India, 1780-1870, (New Delhi: Cambridge University Press, 1999), ch. 9.

E. Stokes, The peasant armed : the Indian revolt of 1857 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986), intro. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

E. I. Brodkin 'The struggle for succession: rebels and loyalists in the Indian mutiny of 1857' in Modern Asian studies., 6, 1972, pp 277-290. .

R. Guha, 'The prose of counter-insurgency', in Subaltern studies : writings on South Asian history and society Vol 2. Also available in Nick Dirks (ed) Culture/power/history : a reader in contemporary social theory y (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994), ch. 11.

G. Bhadra, 'Four rebels of 1857', in Subaltern studies : writings on South Asian history and society Vol IV and online at * https://web.archive.org/web/20100628021227/http://people.cohums.ohio-state.edu/grimsley1/dialogue/mershon/sub_stud.pdf.

Darshan Perusek ‘Subaltern Consciousness and Historiography of Indian Rebellion of 1857’ in Economic and political weekly. Vol. 28, No. 37 (Sep. 11, 1993), pp. 1931-1936

Tapti Roy (1993). ‘Visions of the Rebels: A Study of 1857 in Bundelkhand’ in Modern Asian studies., 27, pp 205-228

R. Mukherjee, ' "Satan Let Loose upon Earth": the Kanpur Massacres in the revolt of 1857', Past & present., 128 (1990). See also Barbara English 'The Kanpur Massacres in India in the Revolt of 1857' in Past & present., No. 142 (Feb., 1994), pp. 169-178 and R. Mukherjee's reply in the same volume.

A.T. Embree (ed.), India in 1857 : the revolt against foreign rule (London, 1963). intro

C.A. Bayly, Rulers, townsmen and bazaars : North Indian society in the age of British expansion, 1770-1870 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983), ch. 8.

R. Mukherjee, Awadh in revolt, 1857-1858 : a study of popular resistance (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984).

K. S. Singh, ‘The 'Tribals' and the 1857 Uprising’ Social scientist. Vol. 26, No. 1/4 (Jan. - Apr., 1998), pp. 76-85

Eric Stokes (1969). ‘Rural Revolt in the Great Rebellion of 1857 in India: A Study of the Saharanpur and Muzaffarnagar Districts’ in The historical journal. 12, 1969.

Kim Wagner, The great fear of 1857 : rumours, conspiracies and the making of the Indian uprising, (Peter Lang, 2010)

William Dalrymple, The last Mughal : the fall of a dynasty, Delhi, 1857, (London, Bloomsbury, 2009), See also review by Kalpana Wilson, Race and class. January 2008 49 : 106 - 109 ,

Prachi Deshpande (2008). ‘The Making of an Indian Nationalist Archive: Lakshmibai, Jhansi, and 1857’ in The journal of Asian studies. ISSN: 0021-9118., 67, 2008, pp 855-879

Gautam Chakravarty, The Indian mutiny and the British imagination , (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Alex Padamsee, Representations of Indian Muslims in British colonial discourse (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005).

Biswamoy Pati, 'Historians and Historiography: Situating 1857' in Economic and political weekly. Vol. 42, No. 19 (May 12-18, 2007), pp. 1686-1691

Peter Robb, 'On the Rebellion of 1857: A Brief History of an Idea' in Economic and political weekly. Vol. 42, No. 19 (May 12-18, 2007), pp. 1696-1702

Kim A. Wagner, 'The Marginal Mutiny: The New Historiography of the Indian Uprising of 1857' History compass, 9: 2011, 760–766.

Ranajit Guha , Elementary aspects of peasant insurgency in colonial India. (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1983), introduction

Andrea Major, 'Spiritual Battlefields: Evangelical discourse on 1857 and the writings of the London Missionary Society' Mutiny at the Margins: New Perspectives on the Indian Uprising of 1857: Volume II: Britain and the Indian Uprising, (Sage, 2013).

Don Randall, 'Autumn 1857: The Making Of The Indian “Mutiny”', in Victorian Literature and Culture, 31:1, 2003, pp.3-17.

Christopher Herbert, War of No Pity: The Indian Mutiny and Victorian Trauma (Princeton University Press; 2007),

Jenny Sharpe, ‘The Unspeakable limits of Rape’ in Williams and Chrisman, Colonial Discourse and Post-colonial Theory (Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1994).

This list was last updated on 02/10/2019