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Concepts and Debates in Social and Cultural History

Concepts and Debates in Social and Cultural History, 2019/20, Semester 1
Dr Pete Maw
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Week 1: Introduction: Concepts in Social and Cultural History

Peter Burke, What is Cultural History? (Cambridge: Polity, 2004), 1-19.

Paula S. Fass, ‘Cultural History/Social History: Some Reflections on a Continuing Dialogue’, Journal of Social History. 37:1 (2003), 39-46 

Donald McRaild and Avram Taylor, Social Theory and Social History ISBN: 9780230802582 (e-book) (Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan, 2004), chapter 5

Further reading

Victoria E. Bonnell and Lynn Hunt and Richard Biernacki (ed.) Beyond the cultural turn: New directions in the study of society and culture (London: University of California Press, 1999), introduction and chapters by Biernacki and Halttunen.

Peter Burke, History and Social Theory (Cambridge: Polity, 2005).

Geoff Eley and Keith Nield, ‘Starting over: the present, the postmodern and the moment of social history’, Social history., 10:3 (1995)

Geoff Eley, A crooked line : from cultural history to the history of society (University of Michigan Press, 2005).

Paula S. Fass, ‘Cultural History/Social History: Some Reflections on a Continuing Dialogue’, Journal of Social History. 37:1 (2003), 39-46.

Richard Gassan, ‘Social history for beginners: A “young scholar” looks at his new profession’, Journal of Social History. 37:1 (2003), 157-63.

Anna Green, Cultural History (Palgrave, 2007).

Lynn Hunt (ed), The New Cultural History (University of California Press, 1989).

Colin Jones, ‘Peter Mandler’s “Problem with Cultural History”, or, Is Playtime Over?’, Social and Cultural History 1:2 (2004), 209-215. Available online here

Patrick Joyce, ‘The end of social history?’, Social history., 10:1 (1995)

Patrick Joyce, "What is the social in social history?", Past & present., 206 (2010), 213-248.

Jurgen Kocha, ‘Losses, gains, and opportunities: Social History Today’, Journal of Social History. 37:1 (2003), pp. 21-8.

Peter Mandler, ‘The Problem with Cultural History’, Cultural and social history., 1:1 (2004), 94-117.

Nancy Partner and Sarah Foot (eds), The SAGE handbook of historical theory (SAGE, 2013).

Mark M. Smith, ‘Making sense of social history’, Journal of Social History.37:1 (2003), 165-186.

Peter N. Stearns, ‘Social history present and future’ Journal of Social History.37:1 (2003), 9-19. 

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Week 2: Gender 

Key readings

Margaret Higonnet and Patrice Higonnet, ‘The Double Helix’, in M.R. Higonnet, J. Jenson, S. Michel and M. Collins (eds), Behind the lines : gender and the two world wars (London, 1987), pp.31-47.

Michael Roper, ‘Slipping Out of View: Subjectivity and Emotion in Gender History’ History workshop journal. 59:1 (2005), 57-72 []

Joan W. Scott, ‘Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis’, The American historical review., Vol. 91, No. 5 (1986), 1053-1075. []

John Tosh, ‘What Should Historians Do with Masculinity? Reflections on Nineteenth-Century Britain’, History workshop., 38 (1994), 179-202. []

Further Reading

Women and femininities

Adrian Bingham, ‘An Era of Domesticity'? Histories of Women and Gender in Interwar Britain’, Cultural and social history. 1:2 (2004), pp.225-233.

Gisela Bock, ‘Women's History and Gender History: Aspects of an International Debate’, Gender & history. 1:1 (1989).

Leonore Davidoff, ‘Gender and the "Great Divide": Public and Private in British Gender History’, Journal of women's history. 15:1 (2003), 11-27.

Catherine Hall, White, male and middle-class : explorations in feminism and history (Cambridge: Polity, 1995), all, but especially chs. 3, 6 and 7.

Mary E. John, Discrepant dislocations : feminism, theory, and postcolonial histories(Berkeley, University of California Press, 1996).

Deborah King, ‘Multiple Jeopardy, Multiple Consciousness: The Context of a Black Feminist Ideology’, Signs., 14:1 (1988), 42-72. []

Madhu Kishwar, ‘Why I do not Call Myself a Feminist’, Manushi No. 61 (1990), available online:

Reina Lewis, Gendering Orientalism : race, femininity, and representation (London: Routledge, 1996), intro and ch. 1.

J. Liddle and S Rai, ‘Feminism, Imperialism and Orientalism: the challenge of the Indian woman’Women's history review., 7:4 (1998).

Ania Loomba, ‘Tangled Histories: Indian Feminism and Anglo-American Feminist Criticism’, in Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature (1993).

Lata Mani, ‘Multiple Mediations: Feminist Scholarship in the Age of Multinational Reception’, Feminist review. 35 (1990).

C.T. Mohanty, Feminism without borders : decolonizing theory, practicing solidarity(Durham: Duke, 2003)

C. T. Mohanty, ‘Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses’, Feminist review. (1988), [] also in Williams and Chrisman, Colonial Discourse and Post-colonial Theory (Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1994).

Mary Poovey, Uneven developments: the ideological work of gender in mid-Victorian England, (London: Virago, 1989).

Elizabeth Roberts, A woman's place : an oral history of working-class women 1890-1940 (Oxford, 1984).

Louise A. Tilly, ‘Gender, Women's History, and Social History’, Social Science History 13:4 (1989), 439-462.

Amanda Vickery, ‘Golden Age to Separate Spheres? A Review of the Categories and Chronology of English Women's History’, The historical journal., 36:2 (1993), 383-414.

Amanda Vickery, The gentleman's daughter : women's lives in Georgian England (New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 1998).

Men and masculinities

John H. Arnold and Sean Brady (eds), What is masculinity? [electronic resource] : historical dynamics from antiquity to the contemporary world (Basingstoke, 2011).

R. W. Connell, ‘The Big Picture: Masculinities in Recent World History', Theory and society., 22:5, Special Issue: Masculinities (1993), 597-623.

R. W. Connell, 'The history of masculinity', Rachel Adams and David Savran (eds), The masculinity studies reader (2002).

Stefan Dudink, Karen Hagemann and John Tosh (eds), Masculinities in politics and war : gendering modern history (Manchester, 2004).

Martin Francis, 'The Domestication of the Male? Recent Research on Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century British Masculinity', The historical journal. 45:3 (2002), 637-652.

Karen Harvey and Alexandra Shepard, ‘What Have Historians Done with Masculinity? Reflections on Five Centuries of British History, circa 1500–1950’, The journal of British studies. 44 (2005), pp.274-80.

Stephen Heathorn, 'How Stiff were their Upper Lips? Research on Late-Victorian and Edwardian Masculinity', History compass. 2 (2004) BI 093, 1–7.

Matt Houlbrook, Queer London : perils and pleasures in the sexual metropolis, 1918-1957 (Chicago, 2006).

Lynne Segal, Slow Motion: Changing Masculinities, Changing Men (3rd edn, Basingstoke, 2007).

Mrinalini Sinha, ‘Giving Masculinity a History: Some Contributions from the Historiography of Colonial India’, Gender & history. 11:3 (1999), 445–460.

Mrinalini Sinha, Colonial masculinity : the 'manly Englishman' and the 'effeminate Bengali' in the late nineteenth century (Manchester University Press, 1995).

Heather Streets, Martial races : the military, race, and masculinity in British imperial culture, 1857-1914 (MUP, 2004).

John Tosh, Manliness and masculinities in nineteenth-century Britain : essays on gender, family and empire (Pearson Education, 2005).

John Tosh, A man's place : masculinity and the middle-class home in Victorian England (Yale University Press, 2007).

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Week 3: Microhistory

Brad S. Gregory, ‘Is Small Beautiful? Microhistory and the History of Everyday Life’, History and theory. ISSN: 0018-2656 38:1 (1999): 100-110. [

Filippo de Vivo, ‘Prospect or refuge? Microhistory, history on the large scale’, Cultural and social history. ISSN: 1478-0038; 1478-0046 7:3 (2010): 387-397. [ejournal] 

Further reading 

Tonio Andrade, ‘A Chinese Farmer, Two African Boys, and a Warlord: Toward a Global Microhistory’, Journal of World History ISSN: 1045-6007 21:4 (2010): 573-91. 

John Brewer, ‘Microhistory and the Histories of Everyday Life’, Cultural and social history. ISSN: 1478-0038; 1478-0046 7:1 (2010): 87-109. 

Robert Darnton, ‘The Symbolic Element in History’, The journal of modern history. ISSN: 0022-2801; 1537-5358 58 (1986), pp. 218-34. 

Clifford Geertz, ‘Deep Play: Notes on the Balinese cockfight’, in The Interpretation of Cultures (New York, 1973), pp. 412-453. 

Carlo Ginzburg, ‘Microhistory: Two or Three Things That I Know about It’, Critical inquiry. ISSN: 0093-1896 20:1 (1993): 10-35. [

Carlo Ginzburg and C. Poni, ‘The name and the game’, in E. Muir and G. Ruggiero (eds), Microhistory and the lost peoples of Europe ISBN: 0801841828 (alk. paper); 0801841836 (pbk) (Baltimore and London, 1991) 

Jürgen Kocka, ‘Comparison and Beyond’, History and theory. ISSN: 0018-2656 42:1 (2003): 39-44. 

Jill Lepore, ‘Historians Who Love Too Much: Reflections on Microhistory and Biography’, The Journal of American history. ISSN: 0021-8723 88:1 (2001): 129-144. [

*Giovanni Levi, ‘On Microhistory’, in Peter Burke (ed.), New Perspectives on Historical Writing (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2001), pp. 97-119. 

Edward Muir and Guido Ruggiero (eds.), Microhistory and the lost peoples of Europe ISBN: 0801841828 (alk. paper); 0801841836 (pbk) (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991) 

Francesca Trivellato, ‘Is there a future for Italian microhistory in the age of global history?’, California Italian Studies 2:1 (2011): 

Examples of microhistories 

David Cressy, Agnes Bowker's cat : travesties and transgressions in Tudor and Stuart England ISBN: 0192825305 : £9.99; 9780192825308 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001). 

Thomas V. Cohen and Elizabeth S. Cohen, Words and deeds in Renaissance Rome : trials before the papal magistrates (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993). 

Robert Darnton, The Great Cat Massacre and other Episodes in French Cultural History (New York, 1984), ch. 2: ‘Workers Revolt: The Great Cat Massacre of the Rue Saint-Séverin’. 

Natalie Zemon Davis, The Return of Martin Guerre (Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1983) 

Natalie Zemon Davis, Trickster travels : a sixteenth-century Muslim between worlds ISBN: 9780571234790 

John Demos, The unredeemed captive : a family story from early America ISBN: 0394557824 (1995) 

Eamon Duffy, The voices of Morebath : Reformation and rebellion in an English village ISBN: 0300091850 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000) 

Giovanna Fiume, ‘The Old Vinegar Lady, or the Judicial Modernization of the Crime of Witchcraft’, in Edward Muir and Guido Ruggiero (eds.), History from crime ISBN: 0801847338 (pbk. : acid-free paper); 080184732X (acid-free paper) (Baltimore, 1993), pp. 65-87. 

Carlo Ginzburg, The Cheese and the Worms: The Cosmos of a Sixteenth-Century Miller, trans. John and Anne Tedeschi (Baltimore, 1980) 

Steve Hindle, ‘The shaming of Margaret Knowsley: gossip, gender and the experience of authority in early modern England’, Continuity and Change ISSN: 0268-4160; 1469-218X (1994): 391-419. 

Giovanni Levi, Inheriting power : the story of an exorcist ISBN: 0226474178; 0226474186 (pbk), trans. Lydia G. Cochrane (Chicago and London, 1988) 

Keith Wrightson, Ralph Tailor's summer : a scrivener, his city, and the plague ISBN: 9780300174472 (cloth : alk. paper); 0300174470 (cloth : alk. paper); 0978300174472 (cloth : alk. paper) (Yale University Press, 2011). 

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Week 4: Caste, Race and Tribe 

Required Reading

John MacKenzie, Orientalism : history, theory and the arts ISBN: 9780719045783; 0719045789, (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1995), esp. chaps 1 and 2. 

Nicholas B. Dirks, ‘Castes of Mind’, Representations, 37 Special Issue: Imperial Fantasies and Postcolonial Histories (1992), 56-78

 Crispin Bates, ‘Race, caste and tribe in central India: the early origins of Indian anthropometry’ in P Robb (ed.), The concept of race in South Asia ISBN: 0195642686(pbk) : No price; 0195637674, (OUP India, 1995), pp. 219-59. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (SRJ 05/10/2017) 


Susan Bayly, ‘Caste and “Race” in the Colonial Ethnography of India’ in The concept of race in South Asia ISBN: 0195642686(pbk) : No price; 0195637674, ed. by Peter Robb (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1995), pp. 165-218 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Further Reading

Orientalism; Orientalism in a South Asia

Edward Said, Orientalism, (London: Penguin, 1995), intro.

A.L. MacFie, Orientalism : a reader ISBN: 9780814756652; 0814756654 (pbk.); 0814756646 (cloth), (Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh Press, 2000), esp sections 10, 11 and 12

Lata Mani and Ruth Frankenberg, ‘The Challenge of Orientalism’, Economy and society. ISSN: 0308-5147, 14:2, 1985.

 P. Williams and L. Chrisman, Colonial Discourse and Post-colonial Theory, (Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1994), part 2.

 Nicholas Hudson, ‘From "Nation" to "Race": The Origin of Racial Classification in Eighteenth-Century Thought’, Eighteenth-century studies. ISSN: 0013-2586. 29.3 (1996): 247-264.

Bart Moore-Gilbert, Postcolonial theory : contexts, practices, politics. ISBN: 1859849091; 1859840345 (pbk.) : £14.00, (London: Verso, 1997), esp section on Said.

Reina Lewis, Gendering Orientalism : race, femininity, and representation ISBN: 0415124905 (pbk); 0415124891 (London: Routlege, 1996), intro and ch. 1

 M. Yegenoglu, Colonial fantasies : towards a feminist reading of Orientalism ISBN: 0521626587 (pbk); 052148233X, (California University Press, 1998).

Shruti Kapila, 'Race matters: Orientalism and Religion, India and Beyond c. 1770–1880', Modern Asian studies. ISSN: 0026-749x, 41.03 (2007), 471-513

Richard King, 'Orientalism and the Modern Myth of Hinduism', Numen. ISSN: 0029-5973, 46.2 (1999), 146-85

Ronald Inden, 'Orientalist Constructions of India', Modern Asian studies. ISSN: 0026-749x, 20.3 (1986), 401-46

Constructions of Difference in South Asia

Partha Chatterjee, The nation and its fragments : colonial and postcolonial histories ISBN: 0691019436 (pbk. : alk. paper) : 14.95; 0691033056 (cloth : alk. paper) (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1994)

Thomas Metcalf, Ideologies of the Raj, (Cambridge University Press, 1997). Ch 1 ‘introduction’

Ronald Inden, Imagining India (Oxford: Blackwell, 1992)

Sanjay Nigam, ‘Disciplining and Policing the “Criminals by Birth”, Part 1: The Making of a Colonial Stereotype – The Criminal Tribes and Castes of North India’, Indian Economic & Social History Review ISSN: 0019-4646, 27.2 (1990), 131-64

Susan Bayly, ‘Caste and “Race” in the Colonial Ethnography of India’ in The concept of race in South Asia ISBN: 0195642686(pbk) : No price; 0195637674, ed. by Peter Robb (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1995), pp. 165-218

 Michael Adas, Machines as the Measure of Men: Science, Technology, and Ideologies of Western Dominance (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1989)

 Adam Kuper, The invention of primitive society : transformations of an illusion ISBN: 0415009022 (London: Routledge, 1988)

 Prathama Banerjee, Politics of time : 'primitives' and history-writing in a colonial society ISBN: 9780195681567; 0195681568 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006)   

 Uday Chandra, ‘Liberalism and its Other: The Politics of Primitivism in Colonial and Postcolonial Indian Law’, Law & society review. ISSN: 0023-9216, 47.1 (2013), 135-68

Amul Chatterjee, Representations of India, 1740-1840 : the creation of India in the colonial imagination ISBN: 0333689429; 0312211457 (London: MacMillan, 1998)

P. J. Marshall, ‘Taming the Exotic. The British and India in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries’ in Exoticism in the enlightenment ISBN: 0719026776 ed. by Rousseau and Porter (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1990)

 Nicholas B. Dirks, Castes of Mind: Colonialism and the Making of Modern India (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2001)

Race and Difference

Jane Samson, Race and empire , (London: Pearson Education, 2005), chapters 1, 2 and 3.

Nicholas Hudson, ‘From "Nation" to "Race": The Origin of Racial Classification in Eighteenth-Century Thought’, Eighteenth-century studies. ISSN: 0013-2586, 29.3 (1996), 247-264

P.J. Marshall and G. Williams, The great map of mankind : British perceptions of the World in the age of enlightenment, (London: Dent, 1982).

Roxann Wheeler, The complexion of race : categories of difference in eighteenth-century British culture ISBN: 0812217225 (pbk. : acid-free paper); 081223541X (acid-free paper); 9780812200140 (ebook) (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000), introduction

Ivan Hannaford, Race : the history of an idea in the West ISBN: 0801852234 (pbk) : £16.50; 0801852226 (Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 1996), ch. 7 and 8.

Kenan Malik, The meaning of race : race, history and culture in western society ISBN: 0333628586 (pbk); 0333628578 (NYU Press, 1996), ch. 2 and 3.

Nancy Stepan, The idea of race in science : Great Britain 1800-1960 ISBN: 0333288564 (Macmillan, 1982)

Eze Emmanuel Chukwudi, Race and the Enlightenment : a reader ISBN: 0631201378 (pbk. : alk. paper); 063120136X (hbk. : alk. paper) (Blackwells, 1997)

Colin Kidd, The forging of races : race and scripture in the Protestant Atlantic world, 1600-2000 ISBN: 9780521797290 (pbk.) : £14.99; 9780521793247 (hbk.) : £40.00; 0521793246 (hbk.) : £40.00; 0521797292 (pbk.) : £14.99; 9781107158740 (ebook) (Cambridge University Press; 2006), ch. 4 and 5.

Howard Malchow, Gothic images of race in nineteenth-century Britain ISBN: 0804726647; 0804727937 (pbk. : alk. paper), (Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 1996).

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Week 4: Intersectionality and Multiracial Feminisms 

Key readings

Becky Thompson, ‘Multiracial Feminism: Recasting the Chronology of Second Wave Feminism’, Feminist Studies. ISSN: 0046-3663, 28.2 (2002), 337-355

Sherna Berger Gluck, ‘Whose Feminism, Whose History? Reflections on Excavating the History of (the) U.S. Women’s Movement(s)’, in Community Activism and Feminist Politics: Organizing across Race, Class, and Gender, ed. by Nancy A. Naples (New York: Routledge, 1998), pp. 31-56    

Kimberly Crenshaw, ‘Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color’, Stanford Law Review. ISSN: 0038-9765 43.6 (1991), 1241-1299

Patricia Hill Collins, Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness and Power (1991): Preface and Chapter 1: The Politics of Black Feminist Thought

Further readings

Deborah King, ‘Multiple Jeopardy, Multiple Consciousness: The Context of a Black Feminist Ideology’, Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740, 14.1 (1988), 42-72

Evelyn Books Higginbotham, ‘African American Women’s History and the Metalanguage of Race’, Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740 17.2 (1992), 251-274

Angela Davis, Women, Race and Class (London: Women’s Press, 1981)

bell hooks, Ain’t I a Woman?: Black Women and Feminism (Boston: South End Press, 1981)

bell hooks, Feminist Theory: From Margin to Center (Boston: South End Press, 1984)

Audre Lorde, Sister outsider : essays and speeches ISBN: 0895941414 (pbk); 0895941422 (Freedom Crossing: Crossing Press, 1984)

Patricia Hill Collins, Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness and Power (1991)

Rosalyn Baxandall, ‘Revisioning the Women’s Liberation Movement’s Narrative: Early Second Wave African American Feminists’, Feminist Studies. ISSN: 0046-3663, 27.1 (2001), 225-245

Benita Roth, Separate roads to feminism : Black, Chicana, and White feminist movements in America's second wave ISBN: 0521529727 (pb); 0521822602 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004)

Kimberly Springer, Living for the Revolution: Black Feminist Organizations, 1968-1980 (Durham: Duke University Press, 2005)

Deborah Gray White, Too heavy a load : black women in defense of themselves, 1894-1994 ISBN: 039331992x(pbk); 0393046672 (New York: WW Norton & Company, 1999)

Winifred Breines, The trouble between us : an uneasy history of white and black women in the feminist movement ISBN: 0195179048 (alk. paper); 9780195179040 (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006)

Dayo F. Gore, Jeanne Theoharris, and Komozi Woodard, ‘Introduction’ in their edited collection Want to Start a Revolution?: Radical Women in the Black Freedom Struggle (New York: New York University Press, 2009), pp. 1-24

Anne Valk, Radical sisters : second-wave feminism and black liberation in Washington, D.C. ISBN: 9780252077548 (pbk.) : £17.99; 0252077547 (pbk.) : £17.99 (Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2008)

Stephanie Gilmore, ed., Feminist coalitions : historical perspectives on second-wave feminism in the United States ISBN: 9780252075391 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9780252033285 (cloth : alk. paper) (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2008)

Becky Thompson, A promise and a way of life : white antiracist activism ISBN: 0816636338 (alk. paper); 9780816636334 (alk. paper); 0816636346 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9780816636341 (pbk. : alk. paper) (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001): Part II (pages 113-128)

Deborah Gray White, ed., Telling histories : Black women historians in the ivory tower ISBN: 9780807832011; 0807832014; 9780807858813 (pbk) (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2008), pp. 1-35

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Week 6: Individual meetings with Module Tutor 

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Week 7: Memory 

Required reading:

Joan Tumblety, ‘Introduction: Working with Memory as Source and Subject’, in Memory and history : understanding memory as source and subject ISBN: 9780415677110 (hardback); 0415677114 (hardback); 9780415677127 (pbk.); 0415677122 (pbk.); 9780203552490 (ebk), ed. by Joan Tumblety (London and New York: Routledge, 2013), pp. 1-17 [eBook].

Pierre Nora, ‘Between History and Memory’ in Realms of memory : rethinking the French past ISBN: 0231084048 (v. 1); 0231106343 (v. 2). Vol 1 Conflicts and Divisions, ed. by Pierre Nora, trans. Arthur Goldhammer (New York: Columbia University Press, 1996). Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Michael Rothberg, Multidirectional Memory: Remembering the Holocaust in the Age of Decolonization (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2009 ), pp. 1-12; 227-236 and 267-308 [eBook].

Alon Confino, ‘Collective Memory and Cultural History: Problems of Method’, The American historical review. ISSN: 0002-8762 102.5 (December 1997), 1386-1403.

You may also want to read a few reviews of Nora and Rothberg’s works to get a sense of how they have been received and what questions people might have raised regarding their approaches. Rothberg’s personal website helpfully lists all reviews of his book (see: and there are several reviews of Les Lieux de mémoire in the further reading below, notably Hue-Tam Ho Tai and Nancy Wood.

 Further reading:

 Ashplant, G Dawson, and M Roper (eds.),The politics of war memory and commemoration ISBN: 0415242614 (London: Routledge, 2000).

Jan Assmann and John Czaplicka,‘Collective Memory and Cultural Identity’, New German critique. ISSN: 0094-033X, 65 (1995).

Rebecca Clifford, Commemorating the Holocaust : the dilemmas of remembrance in France and Italy ISBN: 9780199679812 : £65.00 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013).

Paul Connerton, How societies remember ISBN: 0521270936 (pbk) : £6.95; 0521249481 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989).

Geoffrey Cubitt, History and memory ISBN: 9780719060786 (pbk.); 9780719060779 (hbk.); 071906077X (hbk.); 0719060788 (pbk.) (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2007).

Maurice Halbwachs. On collective memory ISBN: 0226115968 (pbk ; cloth : alk. paper); 0226115941, ed. A. Lewis Coser (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1992).

Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger (eds), The Invention of Tradition, Canto ed (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

Katherine Hodgkin and Susannah Radstone, Contested Pasts: The Politics of Memory (London: Routledge, 2003).

Iwona Irwin-Zarecka, Frames of remembrance : the dynamics of collective memory ISBN: 1560001380 (New Brunswick [N.J.]: Transaction Publishers, 1994), especially Ch. 3-4.

Wulf Kansteiner, ‘Finding Meaning in Memory: A Methodological Critique of Collective Memory Studies’, History and theory. ISSN: 0018-2656, 41 (May 2002), 179-97.

Kerwin Lee Klein, ‘On the Emergence of Memory in Historical Discourse’, Representations. ISSN: 0734-6018 69 (Winter 2000), 127-50.

Jeffrey K. Olick, ‘Collective Memory: The Two Cultures’, Sociological theory. ISSN: 0735-2751, 17:3 (1999), 333-48.

Michael Rothberg, “17 October 1961: A Site of Holocaust Memory?” Culture et mémoire : représentations contemporaines de la mémoire dans les espaces mémoriels, les arts du visuel, la littérature et le théâtre ISBN: 9782730214926 (pbk.); 2730214925 (pbk.), ed. by Carola Hähnel-Mesnard et al. (Palaiseau: Editions de l’Ecole Polytechnique, 2008), 33-42.

Hue-Tam Ho Tai, ‘Review Essay Remembered Realms: Pierre Nora and French National Memory’, The American historical review. ISSN: 0002-8762, 106 (2001), 906-922.

James V. Wertsh, Voices of Collective Remembering (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002). Ch.3 ‘Collective Memory – A Term in Search of a Meaning’ [eBook].

Jay Winter, ‘The Generation of Memory: reflections on the “memory boom” in contemporary historical studies’, German Historical Institute London Bulletin. ISSN: 0269-8552, Supplement 27,3 (2000), pp. 363-397 [copy from tutor].

Joan B. Wolf, Harnessing the Holocaust : the politics of memory in France ISBN: 0804748896 (Stanford, CA: Standofrd University Press, 2004).

Nancy Wood, ‘Memory's Remains: Les lieux de mémoire’, History and Memory 6 (1994). Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Nancy Wood, Vectors of memory : legacies of trauma in postwar Europe ISBN: 1859732941 (pbk.) : £14.99; 1859732895 (Oxford: Berg, 1999).


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Week 8: Social History and the Archive

Preparatory Reading

Hartman, Saidiya, “Venus in Two Acts, Small Axe 12, no. 2 (2008): 1–14.

Fuentes, Marisa, “Power and Historical Figuring: Rachael Pringle Polgreen’s Troubled Archive,” Gender & history. ISSN: 0953-5233 Volume 22:3 (2010): 564-584.

 Martinez, Maria Elena, “Sex and the Colonial Archive: The Case of ‘Mariano’ Aguilera,” The Hispanic American historical review. ISSN: 0018-2168 96:3 (2016) 421-443.

 Trouillot, Michel­-Rolph, Silencing the Past: Power and the Production of History (Boston: Beacon Press, 1995): 1-30.    

Further Reading

Burton, Antoinette, “Archive Stories: Gender and the Making of Imperial and Colonial Histories,” in Gender and Empire, ed. Philippa Levine (Ney York: Oxford University Press, 2004), 281-294. 

Burton, Antoinette, (ed.) Archive Stories: Facts, Fictions, and the Writing of History (Durham, N.C., and London: Duke University Press, 2006)

Farge, Arlette, The allure of the archives ISBN: 9780300176735 (hbk) Trans. Thomas Scott-Railton. (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2013)

Fuentes, Marisa, Dispossessed lives : enslaved women, violence, and the archive ISBN: 9780812248227 (hardcover : alk. paper) (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2016)

Scott, Rebecca J., Jean M. Hébrard, Freedom papers : an Atlantic odyssey in the age of emancipation ISBN: 9780674068407 (e-book), (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2012)

Stoler, Ann Laura, Along the archival grain : epistemic anxieties and colonial common sense ISBN: 9780691146362 (pbk.) (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009).

Tortorici, Zeb, Sins against nature : sex and archives in colonial New Spain ISBN: 9780822371540 (pbk.) : £20.99; 9780822371328 (hbk.) : £81.00 (Durham N.C.: Duke University Press, 2018)

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Week 9: Social and Cultural Approaches to Health 

Required reading

Florin Condrau, ‘The Patient’s View Meets the Clinical Gaze’, Social history of medicine. ISSN: 0951-631X 20 (2007), pp. 525-40.

Mary Fissell, ‘Making Meaning from the Margins: The New Cultural History of Medicine’, in Frank Huisman and John H. Warner (eds), Locating medical history : the stories and their meanings ISBN: 0801885485 (pbk.); 0801878616 (hbk.) (Baltimore, 2004), pp. 364-89. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Iona McCleery, ‘Medicine and Disease: the Female 'Patient' in Medieval Europe’, in K. Phillips (ed), A cultural history of women in the Middle Ages ISBN: 9780857850980 (v. 2); 0857850989 (v. 2); 9781847884756 (set); 184788475X (set) (London and New York, 2013), pp. 85-104 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Piers Mitchell, ‘Retrospective Diagnosis and the Use of Historical Texts for Investigating Disease in the Past’, Journal of International Palaeopathology 1 (2011), pp. 81-88 (available from

Further reading

overviews: general or particular chronological periods

John Burnham, What is medical history? ISBN: 0745632254 (pbk.); 0745632246 (Cambridge, 2005).

William Bynum et al, The western medical tradition : 1800 to 2000 ISBN: 0521475651 (pbk.); 9780521475242 (hardback); 0521475244 (hardback); 9780521475655 (pbk.) (New York and Cambridge, 2006).

Willliam Bynum and Roy Porter (eds), Companion encyclopedia of the history of medicine ISBN: 0415047714 (set); 0415092426 (v. 1); 0415092434 (v. 2), 2 vols (London, 1993).

Pratik Chakrabarti, Medicine and empire, 1600-1960 ISBN: 9780230276352 hardback £52.50; 9780230276369 paperback £17.99 (Basingstoke, 2014).

Lawrence I. Conrad et al, The Western medical tradition, 800 BC to AD 1800 ISBN: 0521475643 (pbk); 0521381355 (Cambridge, 1995). 

Mark Jackson, The Oxford handbook of the history of medicine ISBN: 9780199668397 (pbk.) : £27.50 (Oxford, 2013).

Joan Lane, A Social History of Medicine: Health, Healing and Disease in England, 1750-1950 (London, 2001).

Mary Lindemann, Medicine and Society in Early Modern Europe, 2nd edn (Cambridge, 2010).

Carole Rawcliffe, Medicine & society in later medieval England ISBN: 0862995981 (Stroud, 1995).

Charlotte Roberts and Margaret Cox, Health & disease in Britain : from prehistory to the present day ISBN: 0750918446 : £25.00 (Stroud, 2003) (bioarchaeological approach).

Keir Waddington, An introduction to the social history of medicine : Europe since 1500 ISBN: 9781403946935 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9781403946928 (hbk. : alk. paper); 1403946922 (hbk. : alk. paper); 1403946930 (pbk. : alk. paper) (Basingstoke, 2011).

Examples of social and/or cultural studies in the history of health/medicine

Roberta Bivins, ‘Coming ‘Home’ to (Post)Colonial Medicine: Treating Tropical Bodies in Post-War Britain’, Social history of medicine. ISSN: 0951-631X 26 (2013), pp. 1-20.

Willem de Blecourt and Cornelie Usborne (eds), Cultural approaches to the history of medicine : mediating medicine in early modern and modern Europe ISBN: 9781403915696; 1403915695; 9780230287594 ebook (London: Palgrave, 2004).

Kerry Davis, ‘Silent and Censured Travellers’? Patients' Narratives and Patients' Voices: Perspectives on the History of mental Illness since 1948’, Social history of medicine. ISSN: 0951-631X 14 (2001), pp. 267-92.

David Green, ‘Masculinity and Medicine: Thomas Walsingham and the Death of the Black Prince’, Journal of Medieval history. ISSN: 0304-4181 35 (2009), pp. 34-51.

Mark Jenner and Patrick Wallis (eds), Medicine and the Market in England and its Colonies, c.1450-c.1850 (Basingstoke, 2007).

Margaret Pelling, The common lot : sickness, medical occupations and the urban poor in early modern England ISBN: 0582231825 (pbk ; cased) : £16.99; 0582231833 (London, 1998).

Roy Porter (ed.), Patients and Practitioners: Lay Perceptions of Medicine in Pre-Industrial Society (Cambridge, 1985).

Olivia Weisser, Ill Composed: Sickness, Gender and Belief in Early Modern England (New Haven, 2015).

Theoretical approaches

Brian Dolan, ‘History, Medical Humanities and Medical Education’, Social history of medicine. ISSN: 0951-631X 23 (2010), pp. 393-405.

Waltraud Ernst, ‘Beyond East and West: From the History of Colonial Medicine to a Social History of Medicine(s) in South Asia’, Social history of medicine. ISSN: 0951-631X 20 (2007), pp. 505-24.

David Harley, ‘Rhetoric and the Social Construction of Sickness and Healing’, Social history of medicine.N: 0951-631X 12 (1999), pp. 407-35.

Frank Huisman and John H. Warner (eds), Locating medical history : the stories and their meanings ISBN: 0801885485 (pbk.); 0801878616 (hbk.) (Baltimore, 2004).

Colin Jones and Roy Porter (eds), Reassessing Foucault: Power, Medicine and the Body (London, 1994).

Ludmilla Jordanova, ‘The Social Construction of Medical Knowledge,’ Social history of medicine. ISSN: 0951-631X 8 (1995), pp. 361-81 (also in Huisman and Warner (eds), Locating Medical History).

Retrospective diagnosis, disease and epidemiology

Jon Arrizabalaga, ‘The Medical Causes of Death in Pre-industrial Europe: Some Historiographical Considerations’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. ISSN: 0022-5045, 54 (1999), pp. 241-60.

Jon Arrizabalaga, ‘Problematizing Retrospective Diagnosis in the History of Disease’, Asclepio 54:1 (2002), pp. 51-70 (available from

Jane Buckingham, ‘Patient Welfare vs. the Health of the Nation: Governmentality and Sterilisation of Leprosy Sufferers in Early Post-Colonial India’, Social history of medicine. ISSN: 0951-631X 19 (2006), pp. 483-99.

Andrew Cunningham, ‘Transforming Plague: the Laboratory and the Identity of Infectious Disease’, in: A. Cunningham and P. Williams (eds), The laboratory revolution in medicine ISBN: 0521524504 (pbk) : £22.95 (Cambridge, 1992), pp. 209-44.  

Andrew Cunningham, ‘Identifying Disease in the Past: Cutting the Gordian Knot’, Asclepio 54:1 (2002), pp. 13-34 (available from:

Monica Green (ed.), Pandemic Disease in the Medieval World: Rethinking the Black Death, special issue of The Medieval Globe 1 (2014) (available as print and e-book in the library and open access at

Iona McCleery, ‘Medical ‘Emplotment’ and Plotting Medicine: Health and Disease in Late Medieval Portuguese Chronicles’, Social history of medicine. ISSN: 0951-631X 24 (2011), pp. 125-41.

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Week 10: Subaltern Studies 

Key Readings

Guha, Ranajit, ‘On Some Aspects of the Historiography of Colonial India’ in Ranajit Guha, ed., Subaltern studies: writings on South Asian history and society I (Delhi; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982), pp. 1-8.

O’Hanlon, Rosalind, ‘Recovering the Subject: Subaltern Studies and the Histories of Resistance in Colonial South Asia’ (Review Article), Modern Asian studies., 22, 1 (1988), 189-224

Pandey, Gyanendra, 'Review Article on Cambridge School Writings on Indian Nationalism', Indian Economic & Social History Review, XI, 2-3 (1974), 326-340

Seal, Anil, ‘Imperialism and Nationalism in India’, Modern Asian studies., 7, 3 (1973), 321-347

Further Reading

‘Cambridge School’

Bayly, C. A., ‘Patrons and Politics in Northern India’, Modern Asian studies., 7, 3 (1973), 349-388

Gallagher, John, ‘Congress in Decline: Bengal, 1930 to 1939’, Modern Asian studies., 7, 3 (1973), 589-645

Gallagher, John, ‘Nationalisms and the Crisis of Empire, 1919-1922’, Modern Asian studies., 15, 3 (1981), 355-368

Gallagher, John and Anil Seal, ‘Britain and India between the Wars’, Modern Asian studies., 15, 3 (1981), 387-414

Gallagher, John, Gordon Johnson and Anil Seal, (eds.), Locality, province, and nation : essays on Indian politics 1870 to 1940, reprinted from Modern Asian studies 1973 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973)

See also review of the above in Modern Asian studies., 9, 2 (1975) by D. A. Low

Gordon, Richard, ‘Non-Cooperation and Council Entry, 1919 to 1920’, Modern Asian studies., 7, 3 (1973), 443-473

Gordon, Richard, ‘The Hindu Mahasabha and the Indian National Congress, 1915 to 1926’, Modern Asian studies., 9, 2 (1975), 145-203

Johnson, Gordon, ‘Partition, Agitation and Congress: Bengal 1904 to 1908’, Modern Asian studies., 7, 3 (1973), 533-588

Page, David, Prelude to partition: the Indian Muslims and the imperial system of control, 1920-1932 (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1999)

Ø See also David Lelyveld’s review of the above in The American historical review., 89, 2 (1984), 505-506

Robinson, Francis, ‘Municipal Government and Muslim Separatism in the United Provinces, 1883 to 1916’, Modern Asian studies., 7, 3 (1973), 389-441

Robinson, Francis, ‘The Congress and the Muslims’, in Paul R. Brass and Francis Robinson, eds., The Indian National Congress and Indian society, 1885-1985 : ideology social structure and political dominance (Delhi: Chanakya, 1987). 

Seal, Anil, ‘Imperialism and Nationalism in India’, Modern Asian studies., 7, 3 (1973), 321-347

Subaltern Studies

Amin, Shahid, ‘Gandhi as Mahatma: Gorakhpur District, Eastern UP, 1921-2’ in Ranajit Guha, ed., Subaltern studies : writings on South Asian history and society III (Delhi; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984), pp. 1-61

Chaturvedi, Vinayak, (ed.), Mapping subaltern studies and the postcolonial (London: Verso, 2000)

Hardiman, David, ‘The Indian ‘Faction’: A Political Theory Examined’ in Ranajit Guha, ed., Subaltern studies : writings on South Asian history and society I (Delhi; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982), pp. 198-232

Hardiman, David, (ed.), Peasant resistance in India 1858-1914 (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1992)

Pandey, Gyanendra, 'Mobilisation in a Mass Movement: Congress "Propaganda" in United Provinces, 1930-34', Modern Asian studies., 9, 2 (1975), 205-226

Pandey, Gyanendra, ‘Peasant Revolt and Indian Nationalism: The Peasant Movement in Awadh, 1919-1922’ in Ranajit Guha, ed., Subaltern studies : writings on South Asian history and society I(Delhi; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982), pp. 143-197

Pandey, Gyanendra, The ascendancy of the Congress in Uttar Pradesh, 1926-34 : a study in imperfect mobilization(Delhi; New York: Oxford University Press, 1978)

Sarkar, Sumit, ‘The Conditions and Nature of Subaltern Militancy: Bengal from Swadeshi to Non-Cooperation, c. 1905-1922’ in Ranajit Guha, ed., Subaltern studies : writings on South Asian history and society III (Delhi; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984), pp. 271-320

Sarkar, Sumit, The Swadeshi movement in Bengal, 1903-1908 (New Delhi: People’s Publishing House, 1973)

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Week 11: Individual meetings with module tutor 

This list was last updated on 21/09/2018