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Module Reading List

Citizen Media, 2019/20, Semester 2
Todd Graham
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Week 1. Citizen Media: Module Introduction

Required reading:

Bellamy, R., 2008. Citizenship : a very short introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 1-26 (Chapter 1).  

Oldfield, A., (1990) Citizenship: An Unnatural Practice?, The political quarterly., 61(2), 177–87.  

Dalton, R. J., (2008). Citizenship Norms and the Expansion of Political Participation, Political studies., 56(1), 76–98.  

Supplementary reading:

Delanty, G. (2000) Citizenship In A Global Age: Society, Culture, Politics. Open University Press, pp. 7-49.

Kymlicka, W. (2002). Contemporary Political Philosophy: An introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 287–293.

Thorson, K. (2012). What does it mean to be a good citizen? Citizenship vocabularies as resources for action. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. ISSN: 0002-7162, 644(1), 70–85.

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Week 2. (Digital) Media and Citizenship

Required reading:

Coleman, S. and Blumler, J.G. (2009). The Internet and Democratic Citizenship:Theory, practice and policy. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 1–13 (Introduction).  

Coleman, S., and Blumler, J.G. (2012). The Internet and Citizenship: Democratic Opportunity or More of the Same?, in H. Semetko and M. Scammell (eds.), The SAGE handbook of political communication. London: SAGE, pp.  141-152.   OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 29/01/2019) 

Blumler, J.G. and Coleman S. (2015). Democracy and the media–Revisited. Javnost : the public ISSN: 1318-3222, 22(2): 111–128.  

Supplementary reading:

Blumler, J.G. and Gurevitch, M. (1995). Crisis of Public Communication, London: Routledge.

Bimber, B. (2012). Digital media and citizenship. In H. Semetko and M. Scammell (eds.), The SAGE handbook of political communication ISBN: 9781847874399 (hbk.); 1847874398 (hbk.). London: SAGE, pp. 115–27.

Dahlgren, P. (2009). Media and political engagement : citizens, communication and democracy ISBN: 9780521527897 (pbk.) : £15.95; 9780521821018 (hbk.) : £40.00; 0521821010 (hbk.) : £40.00; 0521527899 (pbk.) : £15.95. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 57-79. 

Van Aelst, P., Strömbäck, J., Aalberg, T., Esser, F., De Vreese, C., Matthes, J., ... & Papathanassopoulos, S. (2017). Political communication in a high-choice media environment: a challenge for democracy?. Annals of the International Communication Association ISSN: 2380-8985, 41(1), 3-27.

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Week 3. Habermas and the Public Sphere

Required reading:

Dahlgren, P. (2002). The public sphere as historical narrative. In D. McQuail (Ed.), McQuail's reader in mass communication theory ISBN: 0761972439 (pbk); 0761972420. London: SAGE, pp. 194–200.   OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 29/01/2019) 

Scannell, P. (2007). Media and Communication, London, SAGE, pp. 233–259 (Chapter 9).  

Coleman, S. and Blumler, J.G. (2009). The Internet and Democratic Citizenship:Theory, practice and policy. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 14–41 (Chapter 1).  

Supplementary reading:

Goode, L. (2005) Jürgen Habermas. Democracy and the Public Sphere. London: Pluto Press, pp. 3-28 (Chapter 1) and pp. 120-141 (Chapter 5).

Habermas, J. (1989) The Public Sphere: An Encyclopaedia Article. In: S.E. Bronner & D.M. Kellner (eds.), Critical theory and society : a reader ISBN: 0415900409; 0415900417 (pbk). New York: Routledge, pp. 136-142.

Calhoun, C. (Ed.). (1992). Habermas and the public sphere ISBN: 0262531143 (pbk); 0262031833. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Dahlberg, L. (2005). The Habermasian public sphere: A specification of the idealized conditions of democratic communication. Theory and society. ISSN: 0304-2421 v.34, no.2, 2005 pp.111-136. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 27/02/2019) 

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Week 4. Online Deliberation

Required reading:

Papacharissi, Z.A. (2010). A private sphere : democracy in a digital age ISBN: 9780745645254 (pbk.) : £14.99; 9780745645247 (hbk.) : £50.00; 0745645240 (hbk.) : £50.00; 0745645259 (pbk.) : £14.99, Cambridge: Polity, pp. 112–130.  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 29/01/2019) 

Graham, T. (2015). Everyday political talk in the Internet-based public sphere. In: Coleman S and Freelon, D. (ed.) Handbook of digital politics. Cheltenham and Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 247-263.  

Birchall, C. and Coleman, S. (2015). Creating spaces for online deliberation. In: Coleman S and Freelon, D. (Eds.), Handbook of Digital Politics. Cheltenham and Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 264-280.  

Supplementary reading:

Strandberg, K. and Grönlund, K., 2018. Online deliberation. In A. Bächtiger, J.S. Dryzek, J. Mansbridge, and M.E. Warren (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of deliberative democracy ISBN: 9780198747369; 0198747365. Oxford University Press, pp. 365–377.

Ercan, S.A., Hendriks, C.M. and Dryzek, J.S., 2018. Public deliberation in an era of communicative plenty. Policy and politics. ISSN: 0305-5736; 1470-8442, 47(1), pp.19-36.

Iandoli, L., Quinto, I., Spada, P., Klein, M. and Calabretta, R., 2018. Supporting argumentation in online political debate: Evidence from an experiment of collective deliberation. New media and society. ISSN: 1461-4448, 20(4), pp.1320-1341.

Graham, T., Jackson, D., & Wright, S. (2016). ‘We need to get together and make ourselves heard’: Everyday online spaces as incubators of political action. Information, communication and society. ISSN: 1369-118x, 19(10), 1373-1389.

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Week 5. Digital Media, Political Parties, and Election Campaigns

Required reading:

Chadwick, A., and Stromer-Galley, J. (2016). Digital media, power, and democracy in parties and election campaigns: Party decline or party renewal? The international journal of press/politics. ISSN: 1940-1612, 21(3), 283–293.  

Gibson, R. K., A. Römmele, and A. Williamson (2014). Chasing the digital wave: international perspectives on the growth of online campaigning. Journal of information technology and politics. ISSN: 1933-1681; 1933-169X, 11(2), 123–129.  

Jungherr, A. (2016). Twitter use in election campaigns: A systematic literature review. Journal of information technology and politics. ISSN: 1933-1681; 1933-169X, 13(1):72–91.  

Lilleker, D.G., Koc-Michalska, K., Jackson, N. (2015). Social media in the UK election campaigns 2008–14: Experimentation, innovation and convergence. In: Bruns, A, Skogerbo, E. (Eds.) The Routledge companion to social media and politics ISBN: 9781138860766; 113886076X. London: Routledge, pp. 325–337.  

Supplementary reading:

Gibson, R. K. (2015). Party change, social media and the rise of ‘citizen-initiated’ campaigning. Party politics. ISSN: 1354-0688, 21(2), 183-197.

Vaccari, C., & Valeriani, A. (2016). Party campaigners or citizen campaigners? How social media deepen and broaden party-related engagement. The international journal of press/politics. ISSN: 1940-1612, 21(3), 294-312.

Lee, B., & Campbell, V. (2016). Looking out or turning in? Organizational ramifications of Online Political Posters on Facebook. The international journal of press/politics. ISSN: 1940-1612, 21(3), 313-337.

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Week 6. Digital Activist

Required reading:

Bennett, W. L, and A. Segerberg, 2011. Digital media and the personalization of collective action, Information, communication and society. 14 (6), 770-799.  

Fenton, N., 2012. The internet and radical politics, in Curran, J., Fenton, N. and Freedman, D. (eds.) Misunderstanding the Internet. London: Routledge, pp. 149-177.   OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 29/01/2019) 

Kaun, A. and Uldam, J. (2017). Digital activism: After the hype. New media and society. ISSN: 1461-4448, 1-8. Doi: 10.1177/1461444817731924  

Treré, E. and Mattoni, A. (2015). Media ecologies and protest movements: main perspectives and key lessons. Information, communication and society. ISSN: 1369-118x, 19(2): 290–306.  

Supplementary reading:

Freelon, D., McIlwain, C. and Clark, M., 2018. Quantifying the power and consequences of social media protest. New media and society. ISSN: 1461-4448, 20(3), pp.990-1011.

Mejias, U.A., 2010. The limits of networks as models for organizing the social. New media and society. ISSN: 1461-4448, 12(4), pp.603-617.

Bennett, W.L. and Segerberg, A., 2012. The logic of connective action: Digital media and the personalization of contentious politics. Information, communication and society. ISSN: 1369-118x, 15(5), pp.739-768.

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Week 7. Agenda-Setting, Social Media, and Political Communication

Required reading:

Skogerbø E, Bruns A, Quodling A, Ingebretsen T (2016). Agenda-Setting Revisited: Social Media and Sourcing in mainstream journalism. In: Bruns A, Enli G, Skogerbø E, Larsson AO, Christensen C (eds) The Routledge Companion to Social Media and Politics. Routledge, New York, p 104–120.  

Parmelee JH (2014). The agenda-building function of political tweets. New media and society. ISSN: 1461-4448 16 (3):434–450. doi:10.1177/1461444813487955  

Broersma M, Graham T (2016). Tipping the balance of power: Social media and the transformation of political journalism. In: Bruns A, Enli G, Skogerbø E, Larsson AO, Christensen C (eds) The Routledge Companion to Social Media and Politics. Routledge, New York, p 89–103.  

Bryman, A. (2016). Social Research Methods. Oxford: Oxford University Press (5th edition), pp. 2-15 (Chapter 1).    OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (IK 05/03/2019) 

Supplementary reading:

Wanta, W., & Alkazemi, M. (2018). 10 Journalism as Agenda Setting. In: Vos, T.P. (ed) Journalism ISBN: 9781501510380 (hardcover); 9781501500084 (PDF); 9781501500107 (EPUB)De Gruyter Mouton: Boston/Berlin, pp. 189-204. ISBN: 978-1-5015-0008-4

Weimann, Gabriel, and Hans-Bernd Brosius. 2016. “A New Agenda for Agenda-Setting Research in the Digital Era.” In: Vowe, G. and P Henn (eds) Political communication in the online world : theoretical approaches and research designs ISBN: 9781138900080; 1138900087. New York: Routledge, pp. 26–44.

Moy, P. , Tewksbury, D. and Rinke, E. M. (2016). Agenda‐Setting, Priming, and Framing. In The International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy (eds K. B. Jensen, E. W. Rothenbuhler, J. D. Pooley and R. T. Craig). OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 27/02/2019) doi:10.1002/9781118766804.wbiect266

Conway, B.A., Kenski, K. and Wang, D., 2015. The rise of Twitter in the political campaign: Searching for intermedia agenda-setting effects in the presidential primary. Journal of computer-mediated communication [electronic resource]. ISSN: 1083-6101, 20(4), pp.363-380.

Harder, R.A., Sevenans, J. and Van Aelst, P., 2017. Intermedia agenda setting in the social media age: How traditional players dominate the news agenda in election times. The international journal of press/politics. ISSN: 1940-1612, 22(3), pp.275-293.

Williams, C.B., Fedorowicz, J., Kavanaugh, A., Mentzer, K., Thatcher, J.B. and Xu, J., 2018. Leveraging social media to achieve a community policing agenda. Government information quarterly. ISSN: 0740-624X 35(2), pp.210-222.

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Week 8. Citizen Media in Practice

Required reading:

Groshek, J. and Koc-Michalska, K. (2017). Helping populism win? Social media use, filter bubbles, and support for populist presidential candidates in the 2016 US election campaign, Information, communication and society. ISSN: 1369-118x, 20(9), 1389–1407. doi: 10.1080/1369118X.2017.1329334

Guo, C., and Saxton, G. D. (2014). Tweeting Social Change: How Social Media Are Changing Nonprofit Advocacy. Nonprofit and voluntary sector quarterly. ISSN: 0899-7640, 43(1), 57–79. doi: 10.1177/0899764012471585

Klein, M. (2011). How to Harvest Collective Wisdom on Complex Problems: An Introduction to the MIT Deliberatorium. CCI working paper. - Available online  

Bryman, A. (2016). Social Research Methods. Oxford: Oxford University Press (5th edition), pp. 90-119 (Chapter 5).    OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 12/03/2019) 

Supplementary reading:

Briones, R.L. Kuch, B, Liua, B. F., Jinb, Y. (2011). Keeping up with the digital age: How the American Red Cross uses social media to build relationships. Public relations review. ISSN: 0363-8111, 37(1): 37-43.

Helbing, D. (2015). Thinking ahead [electronic resource] : essays on big data, digital revolution, and participatory market society ISBN: 9783319150789 (e-book); 9783319150772 (pbk.). Berlin: Springer International Publishing, pp. 189–194.

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Week 9. Citizen Journalism

Required reading:

Allan, S. (2009). "Histories of Citizen Journalism." In S. Allan and E. Thorsen (eds.) Citizen journalism : global perspectives. 1st ed. New York: Peter Lang, pp. 17-32.   OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 29/01/2019) 

Bruns, A. and Highfield T. (2012). "Blogs, Twitter, and breaking news: The produsage of citizen journalism.” In R.A. Lind (Ed.), Produsing theory in a digital world : the intersection of audiences and production in contemporary theory ISBN: 9781433115196 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9781433115196; 9781433115202 (hbk. : alk. paper); 1433115204 (hbk. : alk. paper); 1433115190 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9781453908402 (e-book); 1453908404 (e-book), New York: Peter Lang, pp. 15–32.   OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 29/01/2019) 

Nip, J.Y.M. (2006). Exploring the second phase of public journalism. Journalism studies. ISSN: 1461-670x, 7(2): 212–36.  

Supplementary reading:

Benkler, Y. (2006) The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom, Yale University Press, pp. 176–185 and pp. 221–233.

Vis, F. (2013). Twitter as a reporting tool for breaking news: Journalists tweeting the 2011 UK riots. Digital Journalism, 1(1), 27–47. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 27/02/2019) 

Sullivan, A. (2014) The meaning of #Ferguson. Online:

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Week 10. Wikipedia and Collective Innovation

Required reading:

Halfaker, A., Geiger, R. S., Morgan, J. T., & Riedl, J. (2013). The rise and decline of an open collaboration system: How Wikipedia’s reaction to popularity is causing its decline. American behavioral scientist. ISSN: 0002-7642, 57(5), 664-688.  

Erickson, K., Perez, F. R., & Perez, J. R. (2018, August). What is the Commons Worth?: Estimating the Value of Wikimedia Imagery by Observing Downstream Use. In Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Open Collaboration. ACM.  Available from:

Von Hippel, E. & Von Krogh, G. (2003). Open source software and the “private-collective” innovation model: Issues for organization science. Organization science. ISSN: 1047-7039, 14(2), p. 209-223.  

Supplementary reading: 

Uzelman, S. (2011). Media commons and the sad decline of Vancouver Indymedia. The Communication Review ISSN: 1071-4421, 14(4), 279-299.

Tushnet, R. (1996). Legal fictions: Copyright, fan fiction, and a new common law. Loy. LA Ent. LJ ISSN: 0273-4249, 17, 651. Available online

Jenkins, H., Ford, S., & Green, J. (2018). Spreadable media: Creating value and meaning in a networked culture. NYU press.

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Textbooks on Communication/Media Theories

McQuail, D. (2010). McQuail's Mass Communication Theory (6th Edition). London: SAGE. 

Scannell, P. (2007). Media and Communication, London: SAGE.

Potter, W. J. (2012). Media effects ISBN: 9781412964692. London: SAGE.

Croteau, D. and Hoynes, W. (2014). Media/Society: Industries, Images, and Audiences (5th Edition). London: SAGE.

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Literature Review and Social Research Methods Literature

Hart, C. (2018). Doing a literature review : releasing the research imagination ISBN: 9781526419217 (pbk.) : £26.99; 9781526419200 (hbk.) : £75.00; 9781526423122 (ePub ebook) : £21.99 (2nd Edition). London: Sage.   

Bryman, A. (2016). Social Research Methods (Fifth Edition). Oxford: Oxford University Press.    

Anderson, J. A. (2011). Media research methods : understanding metric and interpretive approaches ISBN: 9781412999564 paperback; 1412999561 paperback. London: Sage.   

Punch, K. F. (2013). Introduction to social research: Quantitative and qualitative approaches. London: Sage.   

Titscher, S., Meyer, M., Wodak, R. & Vetter, E. (2000).Methods of text and discourse analysis ISBN: 0761964835(pbk); 0761964827 London: SAGE Publications Ltd doi: 10.4135/9780857024480

Reinard, J. C. (2006).Communication research statistics ISBN: 0761929878 (pbk). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. doi: 10.4135/9781412983693

Discourse Analysis

Wetherell, M. (2001). Themes in discourse research: The case of Diana. In M. Wetherell et al. (Eds), Discourse Theory and Practice ISBN: 0761971564 (pbk.) : £18.99; 0761971556. London: SAGE.

Wetherell, M. M. & Potter, J. (1988). Discourse analysis and the identification of interpretative repertoires. In C. Antaki (Ed), Analysing everyday explanation ISBN: 0803981406 (pbk ; cased) : £9.95; 0803981392: A case book. London: SAGE.

Antaki, C. et al. (2002). Discourse analysis means doing analysis. Discourse Analysis On-line,

Qualitative Content Analysis

Mayring, P. (2013). Qualitative Content Analysis. Theoretical Foundation and Basic Procedures.

Content Analysis

Neuendorf, K. A. (2017). The Content Analysis Guidebook (2nd edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Krippendorff, K. (2018). Content Analysis: An Introduction to Its Methodology (4th edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Riff, D., Lacy, S., Fico, F. (2014). Analyzing Media Messages: Using Quantitative Content Analysis in Research (3rd edition). New York: Routledge,

Inductive Coding: Grounded Theory

Corbin, J., & Strauss, A. (2008).Basics of qualitative research : Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE. 

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Useful Handbooks/Edited Volumes on (Digital) Media and Citizenship/Democracy

Schwanholz J., Graham T., and Stoll P.T. (2018). Managing democracy in the digital age : internet regulation, social media use, and online civic engagement ISBN: 9783319617084 (electronic bk.); 3319617087 (electronic bk.); 9783319617077m  (Eds.). Berlin: Springer International Publishing. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-61708-4

Bruns A., Enli G., Skogerbø E., Larsson A.O., and Christensen C. (2016). The Routledge companion to social media and politics ISBN: 9781138860766; 113886076X (Eds.). New York: Routledge

Coleman S. and Freelon D. (2015). Handbook of digital politics ISBN: 9781782548751 (hbk.) : £160.00; 9781782548768 (ebook) : No price(Eds.). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar

Allen, D. and Light, J.S. (2015). From voice to influence : understanding citizenship in a digital age ISBN: 9780226262260 (pbk.) : No price; 9780226262123 (hbk.) : £52.50; 9780226262437 (ebook) : No price (Eds.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.   

Ratto, M.,‎ Boler, M., and Deibert, R. (2014). DIY Citizenship : Critical Making and Social Media ISBN: 9780262321211 (e-book) (Eds.).Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 

Dahlgren, P. and Sparks, C. (1993). Communication and citizenship : journalism and the public sphere ISBN: 0415100674 (pbk) (Eds.). London: Routledge. 

Coleman, S. and Shane, P.M. (2012). Connecting democracy : online consultation and the flow of political communication ISBN: 9780262516464 (pbk.) : £18.95; 9780262016568 (hbk.) : £37.95; 0262016567 (hbk.) : £37.95; 0262516462 (pbk.) : £18.95 (Eds.). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Peters, C.J. and Broersma, M.J. (2013). Rethinking journalism : trust and participation in a transformed news landscape ISBN: 9780415697026 (pbk.); 9780415697019 (hardback); 9780203102688 (e-book) (Eds.). London: Routledge.

Peters, C.J. and Broersma, M.J. (2017). Rethinking journalism again : societal role and public relevance in a digital age ISBN: 9781138860858 hardback; 1138860859 hardback; 9781138860865 paperback; 1138860867 paperback; 9781315716244 (ebk) (Eds.). Oxon; New York: Routledge.

van Dijk, J.A.G.M. and Hacker, K.L. (2018). Internet and Democracy in the Network Society ISBN: 9780815363026. London: Routledge. 

Schill, D. and Hendricks, J.A. (2018). The presidency and social media : discourse, disruption, and digital democracy in the 2016 presidential election ISBN: 9781351623193 (e-book) (Eds.). New York: Routledge. 

Benoit, W.L. (2016). Praeger handbook of political campaigning in the United States ISBN: 9781440831638 (e-book). Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.  

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Useful Books on (Digital) Media and Citizenship/Democracy

Coleman, S. (2017). Can the Internet Strengthen Democracy? ISBN: 9781509508402 (e-book) Cambridge: Polity Press. 

Coleman, S. and Ross, K. (2010). The media and the public : 'them' and 'us' in media discourse ISBN: 9781405160414 (pbk.); 9781405160407 (hbk.); 1405160403 (hbk.); 1405160411 (pbk.). Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.

Curran, J., Fenton, N., and Freedman, D. (2012). Misunderstanding the Internet. London: Routledge.

McQuail, D. (2013). Journalism & and society ISBN: 9781446266793 (hardback); 1446266796 (hardback); 9781446266809 (paperback); 144626680X (paperback). London: Sage. 

Couldry, N. (2012). Media, society, world : social theory and digital media practice ISBN: 9780745639215 (pbk.) : £17.99; 9780745639208 (hbk.) : £55.00; 0745639208 (hbk.) : £55.00; 0745639216 (pbk.) : £17.99. Cambridge: Polity Press. 

Tufte, T. (2017). Communication and social change : a citizen perspective ISBN: 9780745670379 (hardback); 0745670377 (hardback); 9780745670386 (paperback); 0745670385 (paperback). Cambridge: Polity Press. 

Sunstein, C.R. (2017). #Republic : Divided Democracy in the Age of Social Media ISBN: 9781400884711 (e-book). Princenton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 

Chadwick, A. (2017). The Hybrid Media System: Politics and Power (2nd Edition). Oxford: Oxford University Press. 

Hintz, A., Dencik, l., and Wahl-Jorgensen, K. (2018). Digital citizenship in a datafied society ISBN: 9781509527199 (e-book). Cambridge: Polity Press.

This list was last updated on 11/03/2019