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Module Reading List

Political and Development Geographies, 2019/20, Semester 1, 2
Dr Martin Purvis
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Some overarching text books

Heywood A (2014) Global Politics, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan (available as an e-book)

Jones, M; Jones, R; Woods, M; Whitehead, M; Dixon, D; and Hannah, M. (2015) An introduction to political geography : space, place and politics (2nd edition), Abingdon: Routledge.

Painter J & Jeffrey A (2009) Political geography : an introduction to space and power. 2nd edition. London: Sage.


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Week 1: Introduction

Key readings

Nye J S (2011) The future of power ISBN: 9781586488918 (hbk.) : No price; 1586488910 (hbk.) : No price – especially Part 1 Types of Power – chapters on military power, economic power and soft power (available as e-book)

 Painter J & Jeffrey A (2009) Political geography : an introduction to space and power. 2nd edition. London: Sage. Chapter 1, p.4-18.

Jones, M; Jones, R; Woods, M; Whitehead, M; Dixon, D; and Hannah, M. (2015) An introduction to political geography : space, place and politics (2nd edition), Abingdon: Routledge. Chpt 1 Introduction: power, space and 'political geography'

Further reading

Dalby, S. (2010) ‘Recontextualising violence, power and nature: The next twenty years of critical geopolitics’, Political geography. ISSN: 0962-6298 29:280–88.

Dodds, K. (2019) Geopolitics. A very short introduction (3rd edition), Oxford: Oxford University Press. Chpt 1 'What is geopolitics?'; Chpt 2 'Intellectual poison?'.

Haynes, J (2002) Politics in the developing world : a concise introduction. London: Blackwells.

Ó Tuathail, G and Dalby, S (1998) ‘Introduction: Rethinking Geopolitics: Towards a Critical Geopolitics’ in G Ó Tuathail and S. Dalby (eds.) Rethinking geopolitics (ch 1) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

Walton C D (2007) Geopolitics and the great powers in the twenty-first century : multipolarity and the revolution in strategic perspective ISBN: 9780415358538 (hbk. : alk. paper); 0415358531 (hbk. : alk. paper); 9780203004739 (ebk.); 0203004736 (ebk.) (available as e-book)

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Block I: States and the development of the world

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Week 2: Enlightenment and modernity

Key readings

Linehan D (2009) “Modernity”. In Kitchin R & Thrift N (eds) International encyclopedia of human geography pp157-63

Ogborn M (2013) “Modernity and modernization”. In Cloke P, Crang P & Goodwin M (eds) Introducing Human Geographies (3rd edition) pp 480-492.

Further reading

Agnew J A (2003) Geopolitics: Re-visioning World Politics (2nd edition) – Chapter 3 “Turning time into space”

Berman M (1983) All that is solid melts into air : the experience of modernity ISBN: 0860917851 – especially Chapter 1 “Introduction – modernity: yesterday, today and tomorrow”

Brayshay M (2009) “Capitalism and the division of labour”. In Kitchin R & Thrift N (eds) International encyclopedia of human geography pp 390-401

Bush B (2006) Imperialism and postcolonialism – Chapter 3 “Imperialism and modernity” especially pp 77-100

Daniels P, Bradshaw M, Shaw D & Sidaway J (eds) (2012) An Introduction to Human Geography (4th edition) - Chapter 1 “Pre-capitalist worlds”; Chapter 2 “The rise and spread of capitalism”

Gregory D et al (eds) (2009) Dictionary of Human Geography (5th edition) -entries on “Modernity”, “Postmodernity” and “Postmodernism”

Nash C (2000) “Historical geographies of modernity”. In Graham, B & Nash, C (eds) Modern historical geographies pp 13-40. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Ogborn M (1998) Spaces of modernity : London's geographies, 1680-1780, – Chapter 1 “Spaces of modernity”

Short J R (2012) Globalization, modernity, and the city – Chapter 3 “Metropolitan modernities” – especially pp 53-66 and 74-84

Withers C W J (2009) “Enlightenment geography”. In Kitchin R & Thrift N (eds) International encyclopedia of human geography pp 471-86


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Week 3: The origins of the modern state

Key readings

Agnew J A (2003) Geopolitics: Re-visioning World Politics (2nd edition) – Chapter 4 “A world of territorial states”

Jones M (2009) “State” In Kitchin R & Thrift N (eds) (2009) International encyclopedia of human geography pp 409-15

Jones, M; Jones, R; Woods, M; Whitehead, M; Dixon, D; and Hannah, M. (2015) An introduction to political geography : space, place and politics (2nd edition), Abingdon: Routledge. Chpt 2 States and territories; Chpt 3 The state's changing forms and functions

Further reading

Abramson S (2017) The economic origins of the territorial state, International organization. ISSN: 0020-8183 71(1): 97-130

Blacksell M (2006) Political Geography – Chapter 3 “The idea of the state”

Flint C & Taylor P J (2011) Political Geography: World Economy, Nation-State and Locality (6th edition) – Chapter 4 “Territorial states”

Gunn S, Grummitt D & Cools H (2008) “War and the state in early modern Europe: widening the debate”, War in history. 15: 371-88

Le Galès P (2002) European cities : social conflicts and governance – Chapter 2 “The long history of the European city” – especially pp 40-52 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Painter J & Jeffrey A (2009) Political geography : an introduction to space and power – Chapter 2 “State formation” – especially pp 30-38

Spruyt H (2002) “The origins, development, and possible decline of the modern state”, Annual review of political science. 5: 127-49 – especially pp 129-40

Tilly C (ed) (1975) The Formation of National States in Western Europe – especially Chapter 1 “Reflections on the history of European state-making” and Chapter 9 “Western state-making and theories of political transformation”

Tilly C (1989) “The geography of European state-making and capitalism since 1500”. In Genovese E D & Hochberg L (eds) Geographic perspectives in history, pp 158-81 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

Tilly C (1989) “Cities and states in Europe, 1000-1800”, Theory and society. 18: 563-84

Tilly C (1990) Coercion, capital, and European states, AD 990-1990, – especially Chapter 1 “Cities and states in world history”; Chapter 2 “European cities and states”; Chapter 3 “How wars made states, and vice versa” Chapter 3 Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

Tilly C (1993) European revolutions, 1492-1992 – Chapter 2 “Transformations of Europe” – especially pp 21-35 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva


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Week 4: Imperialism and colonialism

Key readings

Agnew J A (2003) Geopolitics: Re-visioning World Politics (2nd edition) – Chapter 5 “The three ages of geopolitics” – especially pp 85-101

Jones, M; Jones, R; Woods, M; Whitehead, M; Dixon, D; and Hannah, M. (2015) An introduction to political geography : space, place and politics (2nd edition), Abingdon: Routledge. Chpt 8 Geographies of empire

Power M (2009) “Empire”. In Kitchin R & Thrift N (eds) International Encyclopaedia of Human Geography pp 453-63

Further reading

Bell D (2016) Reordering the world : essays on liberalism and empire ISBN: 9780691138787 (hardcover : alk. paper); 9781400881024 ebk - Chapter 4 "Ideologies of empire" pp 91-118

Bush B (2006) Imperialism and postcolonialism – Chapter 1 “Untangling imperialism: comparisons over time and space”; Chapter 2 “Untangling imperialism: theories, concepts and historiography” especially pp 43-62

Burton A (2015) The trouble with empire : challenges to modern British imperialism ISBN: 9780199936601 (hbk.) : £19.99; 9780199936618 ebk - Chapter 1 "Introduction: the troubled ground of empire" pp 1-23

Butlin R A (2009) Geographies of empire : European empires and colonies, c.1880-1960 ISBN: 9780521740555 (pbk.); 9780521800426 (hbk.) - Chapter 1 "Geography, imperialism and colonialism: concepts and frameworks" and Chapter 10 "Geographies of the 'civilising mission'"

Curtin, P D (2000) The world and the West : the European challenge and the overseas response in the age of empire – Chapter 1 “The pattern of empire”; Chapter 2 “Technology and power”; Chapter 3 “The politics of imperialism”

Flint C & Taylor P J (2018) Political Geography: World-Economy, (7th edition) – Chapter 3 “Geography of imperialisms”

Gopal P (2019) Insurgent Empire: Anticolonial Resistance and British Dissent. London: Verso.

Harris C (2004) “How did colonialism dispossess? Comments from an edge of empire” Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 94 (1): 165-182

Held D et al (1999) Global transformations : politics, economics and culture – Chapter 1 “The territorial state and global politics” – pp 32-49 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Howe S (2002) Empire: A Very Short Introduction – Chapters 1-5

Kitchin R & Thrift N (eds) (2009) International Encyclopaedia of Human Geography: Lester A, “Colonialism I” pp 175-81; Atkinson D, “Colonialism II” pp 182-88

Jackson A (2013) The British Empire : a very short introduction ISBN: 9780199605415 (pbk.) : £7.99

Lester A (2000) “Historical geographies of imperialism”. In Graham, B & Nash, C (eds) Modern historical geographies pp 100-20.

Lester A (2002) “Constructing colonial discourse: Britain, South Africa and the empire in the 19thC”. In Blunt A & McEwan C (eds) Postcolonial geographies pp 29-45

Painter J & Jeffrey A (2009) Political geography : an introduction to space and power – Chapter 8 “Imperialism and postcolonialism”

Phillips R (2013) “Colonialism and post-colonialism”. In Cloke P, Crang P & Goodwin M (eds) Introducing Human Geographies (3rd edition) pp 493-508.

Sharman J C (2018) Myths of military revolution: European expansion and Eurocentrism, European Journal of International Relations, 24(3), 491–513.

Sharman J C (2019) Power and profit at sea: the rise of the West in the making of the international system, International Security, 43(4): 163-196.

 Sharp J (2009) Geographies of Postcolonialism: Spaces of Power and Representation – Part 1 “Colonialisms” Steinmetz G (2005) “Return to empire: the new US imperialism in comparative historical perspective” Sociological theory. 23(4): 339-67

Wolfe P (2006) “Settler colonialism and the elimination of the native” Journal of genocide research. 8(4): 387-409

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Week 5: American empire - political and economic

Key readings

Duménil G and Lévy D (2004) “The economics of US imperialism at the turn of the 21st century” Review of international political economy. 11(4): 657-76

Nye J S (2011) The future of power ISBN: 9781586488918 (hbk.) : No price; 1586488910 (hbk.) : No price – Chapter 6 Power transition: the question of American decline (available as an e-book)

Porter P (2018) Why America's Grand Strategy has not changed: power, habit, and the US foreign policy establishment, International security. ISSN: 0162-2889 42(4): 9-46

Further reading

Bacevich A J (ed) (2013) The short American century : a postmortem ISBN: 9780674725690 (pbk.); 0674725697 (pbk.)

Brooks S G and Wohlforth W C (2016) The once and future superpower: why China won’t overtake the United States, Foreign affairs 96(3): 91-104

Cohen E A (2019) America's long goodbye: the real crisis of the Trump era, Foreign Affairs, 98(1), 138-146.

de Grazia V (2009) Irresistible empire : America's advance through twentieth-century Europe ISBN: 0674022343 (pbk.) : £12.95; 9780674022348 (pbk.) : £12.95

Foreign Affairs (2017) Special Issue: Trump time, Foreign affairs 96(2) – useful papers on US relations with Russia, China, the Middle East, North Korea, plus policy on terrorism, and the implications of Trump’s presidency for the world order

Harvey D (2005) The New Imperialism – especially (but not only) Chapter 2 “How America’s power grew”

Ikenberry J (2017) The plot against American foreign policy: can the liberal order survive? Foreign affairs 96(3) 2-9

Kim D H (2004) “Empire’s entrails and the imperial geography of ‘Amerasia’” City : analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action. 8(1): 57-88

Long T (2016) The United States and Latin America: the overstated decline of a superpower, Latin Americanist ISSN: 1557-2021 60(4): 497-524

Nelson F (2018) Trump vs NATO: the trade war is becoming a security crisis, The spectator. 16 June.

Norrlof C (2018) Hegemony and inequality: Trump and the liberal playbook, International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850 94(1): 63–88

Nye J S Jr (2019) The rise and fall of American hegemony from Wilson to Trump, International Affairs, 95(1): 63–80.

Posen B R (2018) The rise of illiberal hegemony: Trump's surprising grand strategy, Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120 97(2), 20-27

Rouhi M (2018) US–Iran tensions and the oil factor, Survival, 60(5), 33-40.

Schweller R (2018) Three cheers for Trump's foreign policy: what the establishment misses, Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120 97(5): 133-143

Slater D (1999) “Locating the American century: themes for a post-colonial perspective”. In Slater D & Taylor P J (eds) The American century : consensus and coercion in the projection of American power pp 17-31

Smith T (2012) America's Mission: the United States and the Worldwide Struggle for Democracy (available as an e-book)

Stokes D (2018) Trump, American hegemony and the future of the liberal international order, International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850 94(1): 133–150

Taylor P J (1999) “Locating the American century: a world systems analysis”. In Slater D & Taylor P J (eds) The American century : consensus and coercion in the projection of American power pp 1-16

Trubowitz P and Harris P (2019) The end of the American century? Slow erosion of the domestic sources of usable power, International Affairs,95(3): 619–639.

Zakaria F (2019) The self-destruction of American power: Washington squandered the unipolar moment, Foreign Affairs, 98(4): 10-16.

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Week 7: Russia and the West - a state of mutual incomprehension?

Key readings

Gotz E (2017) Putin, the state and war: the causes of Russia's Near Abroad assertion revisited, International Studies Review 19: 228-253 Available at:

Lukyanov F (2016) Putin’s foreign policy: the quest to restore Russia’s rightful place, Foreign affairs 95(3): 30-37

Further reading

Ademmer E, Delcour L and Wolczuk K (2016) Beyond geopolitics: exploring the impact of the EU and Russia in the “contested neighbourhood”, Eurasian geography and economics. ISSN: 1538-7216 57(1): 1-18

Clark J R (2019) Russia’s indirect grand strategy, Orbis, 63(2): 225-239.

Clunan A (2018) Russia and the Liberal World Order, Ethics and international affairs ISSN: 0892-6794, 32(1): 45-59

Feklyunina V (2016) Soft power and identity: Russia, Ukraine and the “Russian world(s)”, European journal of international relations. ISSN: 1354-0661 22(4): 773-796

Foreign Affairs (2016) Special Issue: Putin’s Russia, Foreign affairs 95(3) – see especially (but not only): Kotkin S, Russia’s perpetual geopolitics: Putin returns to the historical pattern (pp 2-9); Trenin D, The revival of the Russian military: how Moscow reloaded (pp 23-29); Treisman D, Why Putin took Crimea: the gambler in the Kremlin (pp 47-55)

Götz E (2015) It's geopolitics, stupid: explaining Russia's Ukraine policy, Global Affairs 1(1): 3-10 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Hill W H (2019) Russia’s search for a place in Europe, Survival, 61(3), 93-102.

Kuzio T (2018) Russia–Ukraine crisis: the blame game, geopolitics and national identity, Europe-Asia studies. ISSN: 0966-8136; 1465-3427, 70(3): 462-473

Lewis D G (2018) Geopolitical imaginaries in Russian foreign policy: the evolution of ‘Greater Eurasia’, Europe-Asia Studies, 70(10), 1612-1637.

Lewis, S (2019) Russia’s continued aggression against Ukraine, The RUSI Journal, 164(1): 18-26.

McFaul M (2018) Russia as it is: grand strategy for confronting Putin, Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120 97(4), 82-91

Nitoiu C (2016) Towards conflict or co-operation? The Ukraine crisis and EU-Russia relations, Southeast European and Black Sea studies. ISSN: 1468-3857; 1743-9639 16(3): 375-390

O’Loughlin J, Toal G and Kolosov V (2016) Who identifies with the “Russian World”? Geopolitical attitudes in south-eastern Ukraine, Crimea, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, and Transnistria, Eurasian geography and economics. ISSN: 1538-7216 57(6): 745-778

O’Loughlin J and Toal G (2019) The Crimea conundrum: legitimacy and public opinion after annexation, Eurasian Geography and Economics, 60(1), 6-27.

Pieper M (2018) Russkiy mir: the geopolitics of Russian compatriots abroad, Geopolitics. ISSN: 1465-0045; 1557-3028 (

Roberts K (2017) Understanding Putin: the politics of identity and geopolitics in Russian foreign policy discourse, International journal. ISSN: 0020-7020 72(1): 28-55

Rumer E, Sokolsky R and Weiss A S (2017) Trump and Russia: the right way to manage relations, Foreign affairs 96(2): 12-19

Siddi M (2018) The role of power in EU–Russia energy relations: the interplay between markets and geopolitics, Europe-Asia Studies, 70(10), 1552-1571.

Suslov M (2018) “Russian World” concept: post-Soviet geopolitical ideology and the logic of “Spheres of Influence”, Geopolitics. ISSN: 1465-0045; 1557-3028 23(2): 330-353

Toal G (2017) Near abroad : Putin, the West and the contest over Ukraine and the Caucasus ISBN: 9780190253301 (hardback); 9780190253325 (epub); 9780190253318 (ebook) (available as an e-book)

Tsygankov A P (2013) Russia’s Foreign Policy. Change and Continuity in National Identity – Chapter 7 ‘Global instability and Russia’s search for a new direction’ (Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield) pp 207-230 (e-book)

Tsygankov A P (2015) Vladimir Putin's last stand: the sources of Russia's Ukraine policy, Post-Soviet affairs. ISSN: 1060-586X; 1938-2855 31(4): 279-303

Wengren S K (ed) (2016) Putin’s Russia: Past Imperfect, Future Uncertain (6th edition) (London: Rowman & Littlefield) especially Part III Russia and the World (e-book)

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Week 8: China - a new superpower?

 Key readings

Blanchard, J-M F and Flint C (2017) The geopolitics of China’s Maritime Silk Road initiative, Geopolitics. 22(2): 223-245

Ghemawat P and Hout T (2016) Can China’s companies conquer the world? The overlooked importance of corporate power, Foreign affairs 95(2): 86-98

Nordin A H M, Weissmann M (2018) Will Trump make China great again? The Belt and Road initiative and international order, International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850 94(2): 231–249

Further reading

African Studies Quarterly (2016) Special Issue: China-Africa Relations: Political and Economic Engagement and Media Strategies, African studies quarterly [electronic resource]. 16(3-4) (

Alden C and Jiang L (2019) Brave new world: debt, industrialization and security in China-Africa relations, International Affairs, Volume 95, Issue 3, May 2019, Pages 641–657.

Cai K G (2018) The One Belt One Road and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank: Beijing’s new strategy of geoeconomics and geopolitics, Journal of contemporary China. ISSN: 1067-0564 (

Garlick J (2018) Deconstructing the China–Pakistan Economic Corridor: pipe dreams versus geopolitical realities, Journal of contemporary China. ISSN: 1067-0564 27(112): 519-533

Goldman Sachs (2003). Dreaming with BRICs: The Path to 2050. Global Economics Paper No. 99. Available at:

Guardian (2018) Cities of the New Silk Road (good journalistic coverage of the One Belt-One Road initiative, and specific projects connected with it)

Inkster N (2019) The Huawei affair and China's technology ambitions, Survival, 61(1), 105-111.

International Affairs (2016) Special Issue: Chinese foreign policy on trial: contending perspectives? International affairs. 92(4) – especially (but not only) articles on a “new type of Great Power relations”; China and its neighbourhood; China and the USA; “One Belt, One Road”; China and the EU

Kennedy A B and Lim D J (2018) The innovation imperative: technology and US-China rivalry in the twenty-first century, International Affairs, Volume 94, Issue 3, May 2018, Pages 553–572.

Lin S, Sidaway J D and Yuan Woon C (2019) Reordering China, respacing the world: Belt and Road Initiative (一带一路) as an emergent geopolitical culture, The Professional Geographer, 71(3), 507-522.

Lind J (2018) Life in China's Asia: What regional hegemony would look like, Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120 97(2) 71-82

Mayer M (2018) China’s historical statecraft and the return of history, International Affairs, 94(6): 1217–1235.

McGregor, R. (2019) How the state runs business in China, Guardian 25 July

Pu X and Wang C (2018) Rethinking China’s rise: Chinese scholars debate strategic overstretch, International Affairs, 94(5): 1019–1035.

Rolland N (2017) China’s “Belt and Road Initiative”: underwhelming or game-changer? The Washington quarterly. 40(1): 127-142

Schreer B (2017): Towards contested ‘Spheres of Influence’ in the Western Pacific: rising China, classical geopolitics, and Asia-Pacific stability, Geopolitics. ISSN: 1465-0045; 1557-3028 (

Scobell A (2018) The South China Sea and US‐China rivalry, Political science quarterly. ISSN: 0032-3195 133(2): 199-224

Sudworth J (2018) China's hidden camps, BBC News (

Tang S (2018) China and the future international order(s), Ethics and international affairs ISSN: 0892-6794, 32(1): 31-43

Tella O (2016) Wielding soft power in strategic relations: an analysis of China’s powers of attraction in Africa and the Middle East, Africa review ISSN: 0974-4053 8(2): 133-144 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Ying, F (2016) How China sees Russia: Beijing and Moscow are close but not allies, Foreign affairs 95(1):96-105

Zhao S (2018) China and the South China Sea arbitration: geopolitics versus international law, Journal of contemporary China. ISSN: 1067-0564, 27(109): 1-15

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Weeks 9 & 10: European political geographies

Key readings

Bachmann V and Sidaway J D (2016) Brexit geopolitics, Geoforum. ISSN: 0016-7185 77:47-50

European Commission (2018) White Paper on the Future of Europe: Reflections and Scenarios for the EU27 by 2025 (

Kaufmann S and Lohaus M (2018) Ever closer or lost at sea? Scenarios for the future of transatlantic relations Futures. ISSN: 0016-3287 97: 18-25

Further reading

Bachmann, V. and Sidaway, J.D. (2009) ‘Zivilmacht Europa: a critical geopolitics of the European Union as a global power’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 34, pp. 94-109.

Baimbridge M (2018) The impact of the economic crisis on Euroscepticism in B Leruth, N Startin & S Usherwood (eds) The Routledge Handbook of Euroscepticism [electronic resource] ISBN: 9781315464008 (e-book) (Abingdon: Routledge) pp 427-443 (e-book)

Browning C S (2018) Geostrategies, geopolitics and ontological security in the Eastern neighbourhood: The European Union and the ‘new Cold War’, Political geography. ISSN: 0962-6298 62: 106-115.

Bulmer S (2018) Germany and the European Union: post-Brexit hegemon? Insight Turkey 20(3): 11-28 Available at:

Dedman, M J (2009) The origins and development of the European Union 1945-2008 : a history of European integration ISBN: 9780415435604 (hbk.); 0415435609 (hbk.); 0415435617 (pbk.); 9780415435611 (pbk.)

Diez T (2004) Europe's others and the return of geopolitics, Cambridge Review of International Affairs ISSN: 0955-7571; 1474-449X 17(2): 319-335

Grygiel J (2016) The return of Europe’s nation-states: the upside to the EU’s crisis, Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120 95(5): 94-101

Hastings Dunn D and Webber M (2016) The UK, the European Union and NATO: Brexit’s unintended consequences, Global Affairs 2(5): 471-480 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Heffernan, M (1998) The meaning of Europe : geography and geopolitics – Chapter 4 “The European ideal? United in division. divided in unity” Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Jones E and Menon A (2019) Europe: between dream and reality? International Affairs, 95(1): 161–180.

Kagan R (2019) The new German question: what happens when Europe comes apart, Foreign Affairs, 98(3), 108-121.

Klinke I (2018) Geopolitics and the political right: lessons from Germany, International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850 94(3): 495-514

Krastev I (2018) Eastern Europe's illiberal revolution: the long road to democratic decline, Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120 97(3): 49-59

Krotz U & Schild J (2018) Back to the future? Franco-German bilateralism in Europe's post-Brexit union, Journal of European public policy. ISSN: 1350-1763 25(8): 1174-1193

Less T (2018) The great schism, The New statesman. ISSN: 1364-7431 147 (Issue 5441 - 19 October): 22-25

Pap N and Glied V (2018) Hungary’s turn to the East: Jobbik and Islam, Europe-Asia Studies, 70(7), 1036-1054.

Polyakova A and Haddad B (2019) Europe alone: what comes after the Transatlantic alliance, Foreign Affairs, 98(4), 109-120.

Wæver O (2018) A Post-Western Europe: strange identities in a less Liberal World Order, Ethics and international affairs ISSN: 0892-6794 32(1): 75-88

Wivel A and Wæver O (2018) The power of peaceful change: the crisis of the European Union and the rebalancing of Europe's regional order, International Studies Review 20: (317-325) Available at:

Woods N (2016) The European disunion: how the continent lost its way, Foreign affairs 95(1): 160-165


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Week 11: Shifting world orders?

Allison, G (2015) The Thucydides trap. Are the US and China headed for war?, The Atlantic 24 September

Csurgai G (2018) The increasing importance of geoeconomics in power rivalries in the twenty-first century, Geopolitics, 23(1), 38-46.

Haass R (2019) How world order ends: and what comes in its wake, Foreign Affairs, 98(1), 22-30.

Kang D C and Ma X (2018) Power transitions: Thucydides didn’t live in East Asia, The Washington Quarterly, 41(1), 137-154.

Leonard, M (2019) The new age of clashing empires, New Statesman 1 November, 23-25. Available online

Mandelbaum M (2019) The new containment: handling Russia, China, and Iran, Foreign Affairs, 98(2), 123-131.

Mastro O (2019) The stealth superpower: how China hid its global ambitions, Foreign Affairs, 98(1), 31-39.

Tsereteli M (2018) Can Russia’s quest for the New International Order succeed? Orbis 62(2): 204-219. Available online


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BLOCK II Challenging states and state power: resistance and alternatives

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Some overarching text books

Flint, C. 2012. Introduction to Geopolitics. Second edition. Abingdon: Routledge. 

Sharp, J.P. 2009. Geographies of Postcolonialism. London: Sage.

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Week 14: Framing alternatives and resistance

Key readings

Dittmer, J. and Gray, N. 2010. Popular geopolitics 2.0: towards new methodologies of the everyday. Geography Compass. 4(11), 1664-1677.

Jones, L. and Sage, D. 2010. New directions in critical geopolitics: an introduction. GeoJournal. 75(4), pp. 315-325. 

Further readings

Atkinson, R., Parker, S. and Morales, E.R. 2017. Non-state space: the strategic ejection of dangerous and high maintenance urban space. Territory, Politics, Governance. 5(4), pp. 443-458. Available online at: 

Braden, K. and Shelley, F.M. 2000. Engaging Geopolitics. Abingdon: Routledge. (Esp. Ch. 2). Available online here.

Brickell, K. 2012. Geopolitics of home. Geography Compass. 6(10), pp. 575-588.

Chaturvedi, S. and Doyle, T. 2015. Climate Terror: A Critical Geopolitics of Climate Change. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. (Chapter 1)   

Dittmer, J. 2010. Popular Culture, Geopolitics and Identity. Lanham MD: Rowman and Littlefield. (Chapter 1)

Dodds, K. 2010. Popular geopolitics and cartoons: representing power relations, repetition and resistance. Critical African Studies. 2(4), pp.113-131.

Isoke, Z. 2014. Can't I be seen? Can't I be heard? Black women queering politics in Newark. Gender, Place and Culture. 21(3), pp.353-369.

Ó Tuathail, G. 2006. Introduction: thinking critically about geopolitics. In O’Tuathail, G., Dalby, S. and Routledge, P. eds. The Geopolitics Reader (2nd edition). London: Routledge, pp. 1-14. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  

Ó Tuathail, G. and Dalby, S. 1998. Introduction: rethinking geopolitics: towards a critical geopolitics. In O’Tuathail, G. and Dalby, S. eds. Rethinking geopolitics ISBN: 0415172519 (pbk ; hbk); 0415172500. London: Routledge. pp. 1-15. (Available in the online course readings folder in the VLE).

Ó Tuathail, G. 1998. ‘Postmodern geopolitics? The modern geopolitical imagination and beyond’ in G. O’Tuathail and S. Dalby (eds) Rethinking Geopolitics. London: Routledge. pp. 16-38. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (srj 26/01/2018)  

Ó Tuathail, G. 1996. Critical Geopolitics: The Politics of Writing Global Space. London: Routledge (Ch 2 - Critical Geopolitics)

McFarlane, T. and Hay, I. 2003. The battle for Seattle: protest and popular geopolitics in The Australian newspaper. Political Geography. 22(2), pp.211-232.

Pain, R. 2009. Globalized fear? Towards an emotional geopolitics. Progress in Human Geography. 33, pp.466-486. 

Painter, J. and Jeffrey, A. 2009. Political Geography: An Introduction to Space and Power. Second edition. London: Sage. (Chapter 9 - Geopolitics and Anti-Geopolitics)

Routledge, P. 1996. Critical geopolitics and terrains of resistance. Political Geography. 15, pp. 509-531.

Sharp, J.P., Routledge, P., Philo, C. and Paddison, R. 2000. Geographies of power: geographies of domination/resistance. In Sharp, J.P., Routledge, P., Philo, C. and Paddison, R. eds. Entanglements of Power: Geographies of Domination/Resistance. London: Routledge, pp.1-42.    

Staeheli, L. 1994. Empowering political struggle: spaces and scales of resistance. Political Geography 13(5), pp.387-391.

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Week 15: Feminist, post-colonial and post-communist geopolitics

Key reading

Hyndman, J. 2001. Towards a feminist geopolitics. The Canadian Geographer, 45(2), pp. 210-222.

Sidaway, J. 2000. Postcolonial geographies: an exploratory essay. Progess in Human Geography. 24(4), pp.591-612.

Further reading

Bhambra, G.K. 2018. The state: Postcolonial histories of the concept. In: Rutazibwa, O.U. and Shilliam, R. eds. Routledge handbook of postcolonial politics. ISBN: 9781317369400 (e-book). Oxford: Routledge. Chapter 17.

Bhambra, G.K. 2014. Postcolonial and Decolonial Dialogues. Postcolonial Studies. 17(2), pp. 115-121.

Bunce, V. 2005. The national idea: imperial legacies, and post-communist pathways. Eastern Europe. East European Politics and Societies: and Cultures. 19(3), pp.406-442.

Carey, H.F. and Raciborski, R. 2004. Postcolonialism: A Valid Paradigm for the Former Sovietized States and Yugoslavia? Eastern Europe. East European Politics and Societies: and Cultures18(2), pp.191 - 235.

Clayton, D. 2003. Critical imperial and colonial geographies. In: Anderson, K., Domosh, M., Pile, S. and Thrift, N. eds. Handbook of Cultural Geography. London: Sage, pp. 354-369.

Dixon, D. 2015. Feminist geopolitics : material states ISBN: 9781472480200 pbk. : alk. paper; 9781409455462 hbk. : alk. paper; 1409455467 hbk. : alk. paper; 1472480201 pbk. : alk. paper; 9781409455479 ebk.; 9781472403568 epub.. Farnham: Ashgate and Routledge.

Dixon, D. and Marston, S. 2011. Introduction: feminist engagements with geopolitics. Gender, Place, and Culture. 18, pp.445-453.

Dowler, L. and Sharp, J.P. 2001. A feminist geopolitics? Space and Polity, 5(3), pp. 165-176. 

Flint, C. and Taylor, P. 2011. Political Geography: World-Economy, Nation-State and Locality. Sixth edition. Harlow: Pearson. (Ch 3. - Geography of Imperialisms).

Gibson, C. 2016. Indigenous Geopolitics. In Dodds, K., Kuus, M. and Sharp, J. eds. The Routledge Research Companion to Critical Geopolitics. Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 421-437. (Note: this also appears in the library catalogue under its 2013 title of The Ashgate research companion to critical geopolitics ISBN: 9781409423805 (hbk. : alk. paper); 1409423808 (hbk. : alk. paper); 9781409423812 (ebk.); 1409423816 (ebk.); 9781315612874 (ebk.); 1315612879 (ebk.)). 

Gilmartin, M. and Berg, L.D. 2007. Locating postcolonialism. Area. 39(1), pp. 120-124.

Gregory, D. 1995. Imaginative geographies.  Progess in Human Geography. 19(4), pp. 447-485.

Hörschelmann, K. 1997. Watching the East: Constructions of ‘otherness’ in TV representations of East Germany. Applied Geography. 17(4), pp. 385-396.

Hyndman, J. 2003. Beyond either/or: A feminist analysis of September 11th. ACME: An International Journal for Critical Geographies, 2(1), pp. 1-13.

Jazeel, T. 2019. Postcolonialism. Abingdon: Routledge.   

Koopman, S. 2011. Alter-geopolitics: other securities are happening.  Geoforum. 42(3), pp.274-284.

Light, R. 2018. Unknown Anzacs: The Politics and Performance of Bodily Repatriation in Postcolonial State Formation. Australian Historical Studies. 49(2): 237-254.

Massaro, V.A. and Williams, J. 2013. Feminist geopolitics. Geography Compass. 7(8), pp. 567-577. 

Naylor, L., Daigle, M., Zaragocin, S., Ramirez, M.M., Gilmartin, M. 2018. Interventions: Bringing the decolonial to political geography. Political Geography. 66, pp. 199-209.

Painter, J. and Jeffrey, A. 2009. Political Geography: An Introduction to Space and Power. Second edition. London: Sage. (Chapter 8 - Imperialism and Postcolonialism)

Sharp, J. 2013. Geopolitics at the margins? Reconsidering genealogies of critical geopolitics. Political Geography. 37, pp.20-29.

Sharp, J. 2011. A subaltern critical geopolitics of the war on terror: postcolonial security in Tanzania. Geoforum. 42(3), pp. 297-305.

Sharp, J. 2007. Geography and gender: finding feminist political geographies. Progress in Human Geography. 31, pp. 381-387.

Stenning, A. and Hörschelmann, K. 2008. History, geography and difference in the post-socialist world: or, do we still need post-socialism? Antipode. 40: 312–335.

Torres, R.M. 2018. A crisis of rights and responsibility: feminist geopolitical perspectives on Latin American refugees and migrants. Gender, Place and Culture. 25(1): 13-36.

Young, R.J.C. 2003. Postcolonialism: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.  Available via the library catalogue as an ebook.

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Week 16: New nationalisms

 Key reading

Agnew, J. 2017. The tragedy of the nation-state. Territory, Politics, Governance. 5(4), pp. 347-350. Available online at: 

Friedman, J. 1996. Nationalism in theory and reality. Critical Review. 10(2) pp.155-167.

Further reading

Agnew, J. 2018. Too many Scotlands? Place, the SNP, and the future of nationalist mobilization. Scottish Geographical Journal . 134(1–2), pp. 5–23.

Convery, A. and Lundberg, T.C. 2017. Decentralisation and the centre-right in the UK and Spain: central power and regional responsibility. Territory, Politics, Governance. 5(4) pp. 388-405. Avvailable online at: 

Crameri, K. 2015. Political power and civil counterpower: The complex dynamics of the Catalan independence movement. Nationalism and Ethnic Politics. 21(1), pp. 104-120.

Fine, R. 1994 The ‘new nationalism’ and democracy: A critique of Pro Patria.  Democratization. ISSN: 1351-0347, 1(2), pp.423-443. Available online here: 

Gillespie, R. 2017. The contrasting fortunes of pro-sovereignty currents in Basque and Catalan nationalist parties: PNV and CDC compared. Territory, Politics, Governance. 5(4), pp. 406-424. Available online at: 

Glen, C.M. 2015. Nationalism, identity and Scotland's referendum. Contemporary European Studies. 1. Available online at:

Guibernau, M. 2014. Catalan Secessionism: Young People's Expectations and Political Change. The International Spectator. 49(3), pp. 106-117.

Jeram, S. 2013.Immigrants and the Basque nation: diversity as a new marker of idenitity. Ethnic and Racial Studies. 36(11), 1770-1788.  

Obershall, A. 2000. The manipulation of ethnicity: from ethnic cooperation to violence and war in Yugoslavia. Ethnic and Racial Studies. 23(6), pp. 982-1001.  

Olivieri, V.M. 2015. Sub-state nationalism in Spain: primers and triggers of identity politics in Catalonia and the Basque Country. Ethnic and Racial Studies. 38(9), pp. 1610-1626.

Pattie, C. and Johnston, R. 2017. Sticking to the Union? Nationalism, inequality and political disaffection and the geography of Scotland's 2014 independence referendum. Regional and Federal Studies. 27(1), pp.83-96.  

Sharp, J., Cumbers, A., Painter, J., and Wood, N. 2014. Deciding whose future? Challenges and opportunities of the Scottish Independece Referendum 2014 for Scotland and beyond. Political Geography. 41, pp. 32-42.

Shulman, S. 2002. Challenging the Civic/Ethnic and West/East Dichotomies in the Study of Nationalism. Comparative Political Studies35(5), pp.554-585

Soule, D.P.J., Leith, M.S. and Steven, M. 2012. Scottish devolution and national idenitity. National Idenitites. 14(1), pp. 1-10.

Yack, B. 1996. The myth of the civic nation. Critical Review. 10(2), pp. 193-211

Xenos, N. 1996. Civic nationalism: Oxymoron? Critical Review.  10(2), pp.213-231

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Week 17: Post-nationalism

Key reading

Hansen, R. 2009. The poverty of postnationalism:citizenship, immigration and the new Europe. Theory and Society. 38(1), pp. 1-24.

Further reading

Abizadeh, A. 2004. Liberal Nationalist Versus Postnational Social Integration: On the Nation’s Ethno-Cultural Particularity and Concreteness. Nations and Nationalism. 10(3), pp. 231–250.  

Abji, S. 2013. Post-Nationalism Re-Considered: A Case Study of the ‘No One Is Illegal’ Movement in Canada. Citizenship Studies. 17(3-4), pp. 322–338.  

Breen, K. and O'Neill, S. 2010. Introduction: A postnationalist era? In. Breen, K. and O'Neill, S. eds. After the Nation? Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp.1-15.  

Brubaker, R. 2001. The return of assimilation? Changing perspective on immigration and its sequels in France, Germany, and the United States. Ethnic and Racial Studies. 24(4), pp. 531–548.  

Edmunds, J. 2012. The Limits of Post-National Citizenship: European Muslims, Human Rights and the Hijab. Ethnic and Racial Studies. 35(7), pp. 1181–1199.  

Feldblum, M. 1998. Reconfiguring citizenship in western Europe. In Joppke, C. ed. Challenge to the nationstate: Immigration in western Europe and the United States. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.231-271.

Fenton, S. 2008. The semi-detached nation: post-nationalism and Britain. Cycnos. 25(2). 

Goodhart, D. 2017. The road to somewhere : the populist revolt and the future of politics ISBN: 9780141986975 paperback. London: C. Hurst & Co. (See chapter 4)

Joppke, C. 1998. Immigration challenges the nation-state. In Joppke, C. ed. Challenge to the nationstate: Immigration in western Europe and the United States. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.5-48.  

Koopmans, R. and Statham, P. 1999. Challenging the liberal nation-state? Postnationalism, multiculturalism and the collective claims making of migrants and ethnic minorities in Britain and Germany. American Journal of Sociology. 105(3), pp. 652-696.  

Sassen, S. 2002. Towards post-national and denationalized citizenship. In Isin, E. F., and Turner, B. S. eds. Handbook of Citizenship Studies. London: Sage, pp. 277–291.  

Tonkiss, K. 2019. Locating the post-national activist: migration rights, civil society and the practice of post-nationalism. Ethnic and racial studies. 42(2), pp. 159-177.

Waldinger, R. and Fitzgerald, D. 2004. Transnationalism in question. American Journal of Sociology. 109(5), pp. 1177–1195.  

Walby, S. 2003. The Myth of the Nation-State: Theorising Societies and Polities in a Global Era. Sociology. 37(3), pp. 529–546.

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Week 18: Populism

Key reading

Goodhart, D. 2017. The road to somewhere : the populist revolt and the future of politics ISBN: 9780141986975 paperback. London: C. Hurst & Co. (See chapters 1 and 3)     

Mudde, C. 2017. Introduction to the populist radical right. In Mudde, C. ed. The Populist Radical Right: A Reader. London: Routledge, pp. 1-13.

Further reading

Abts, K., Rummens, S. 2007. Populism versus Democracy. Political Studies. 55(2), pp. 405–24.

Arditi, B. 2010. Populism is Hegemony is Politics? On Ernesto Laclau's On Populist Reason. Constellations. 17(3), pp. 488–97.

Aslanidis, P. 2016. Is populism an ideology? A refutation and a new perspective.  Political Studies. 64(1 supplement), pp. 88-104.

Aslanidis, P. 2016. Populist Social Movements of the Great Recession. Mobilization: An International Quarterly. 21(3), pp. 301-321.

Bornschier, S. 2012. Why a Right-Wing Populist Party Emerged in France but not in Germany: Cleavages and Actors in the Formation of a New Cultural Divide. European Political Science Review. 4(1), pp. 121-145.

Canovan, M. 1999. Trust the People! Populism and the Two Faces of Democracy. Political Studies. 47(1), 2–16.

Eatwell, R. and Goodwin, M. 2018. National populism : the revolt against liberal democracy ISBN: 9780241312001; 0241312000; 9780241312018 (ebook). London: Pelican.     Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Fraser, N. 2016. Progressive neoliberalism versus reactionary populism: a choice that feminist should refuse. NORA - Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research. 24(4), pp. 281-284.

Greven, T. 2016. The rise of right wing populism in Europe and the United States: A comparative perspective. Washington, DC: Friedrich Ebert Foundation. Available at:

Lowndes, J. 2017. Populism in the United States. In Kaltwasser, C.R., Taggart, P., Espejo, P.O. and Ostiguy, P. eds. The Oxford handbook of populism ISBN: 9780198803560; 0198803567. Oxford: Oxford University Press, chapter 12.

Moffitt, B. and Tormey, S. 2014. Rethinking populism: politics, mediatisation and political style. Political Studies. 62(2), pp. 381-397.

Mudde, C. 2013. Three Decades of Populist Radical Right Parties in Western Europe: So What? European Journal of Political Research. 52(1), pp. 1-19.

Mudde, C. 2004. The Populist Zeitgeist. Government and Opposition. 39(4), pp.541- 563.

Müller, J.W. 2017 What is populism? London: Penguin. (Introduction) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  

Revelli, M. 2019. The New Populism: Democracy Stares into the Abyss. London: Verso.    

Stanley, B. 2008. The Thin Ideology of Populism. Journal of Political Ideologies. 13(1), pp. 95–110.

Stavrakakis, Y. and Katsambekis, G. 2014. Left-wing populism in the European periphery: the case of SYRIZA. Journal of Political Ideologies. 19(2), pp. 119-142.

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Week 20: London is the place for me: An intersectional approach to understanding the Windrush Generation Scandal 

 Key readings:

Hammond Perry, K. (2015) London is the Place for Me: Black Britons, Citizenship and the Politics of Race (Introduction Windrush politics) Oxford University Press: New York.

Beckles-Raymond, G. (2018) Chapter 7 Revisiting the Home as a Site of Freedom and Resistance in Emejulu, A. and Sobande, F. (ed.) To Exist is to Resist: Black Feminism in Europe, Pluto Press, UK: 91-102.

Further reading:

Crenshaw, K. (1991) Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color, Stanford Law Review, 43(6): 1241-1299.

David, E. "The Produce of More Than One Country": Race, Identity, and Discourse in Post-Windrush Britain, Journal of Narrative Theory, 31(2): 214-232.

Gilroy, P. (1987) "There ain't no black in the Union Jack": the cultural politics of race and nation, Routledge: London.

Gilroy, P. (2004) After Empire: melancholia or convivial culture?, Routeldge: London.

Emejulu, A. and Sobande, F. (ed.) To Exist is to Resist: Black Feminism in Europe, Pluto Press, UK.

Hammond Perry, K. (2014) Black Britain and the Politics of Race in the 20th Century, History Compass 12(8): 651–663.

Hill Collins, P. and Bilge, S. (2016) Intersectionality, Polity Press: Cambridge.

Johnson, A. (2017) Getting comfortable to feel at home: clothing practices of black muslim women in Britain, Gender, Place & Culture, 24(2): 274-287.

Lyons, H. (2018) The Intangible Nation: Spatializing experiences of Britishness and belonging for young British Muslim women, Geoforum, 90: 55-63.

Nayak, A. (2017) Purging the nation: race, conviviality and embodied encounters in the lives of British Bangladeshi Muslim young women. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographies, 42: 289–302. Available online

Rattansi, A. (2000) On Being And Not Being Brown/Black-British: Racism, Class, Sexuality and Ethnicity in Post-imperial Britain, International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, 2(1): 118-134.

Tyler, I. (2010) Designed to fail: A biopolitics of British citizenship, Citizenship Studies, 14(1): 61-74.

Tyler, I. (2013) Revolting subjects, social abjection and resistance in neoliberal Britain, Zed books: London.

The Empire Strikes Back: Race and Racism in ‘70s Britain, Centre for contemporary cultural studies (1994) London: Routledge.

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Week 21: Ni Una Muerta Mas! (Not one more!): protesting feminicidio in Mexico

Key readings:

Fregoso, R. and Bejarano, C. (2010) Introduction: A Cartography of Feminicide in the Américas in Fregoso, L. ( Terrorizing Women: Feminicide in the Americas. Durham: Duke University Press:1-42.

Mexico’s glitter revolution’ targets violence against women,

Further reading:

Adams, J. (2002) Art in Social Movements: Shantytown Women's Protest in Pinochet's Chile, Sociological Forum, 17(1): 21-56.

Alvarez, N. and Zaiontz, K. (2018) Feminist Performance Forensics, Contemporary Theatre Review, 28(3):285-298.

Bosco, F. (2001) Place, space, networks, and the sustainability of collective action: the Madres de Plaza de Mayo, Global Networks. A Journal of Transnational Affairs, 1(4): 307-329.

Fregoso, L. et.a.l. (2010) Terrorizing Women: Feminicide in the Americas. Durham: Duke University Press.

Jacons, K. (2016) Disorderly conduct: Feminist nudity in Chinese protest movements, Sexualities, 19(7): 819-835.

McCaughan, E. (2014) Queer subversions in Mexican and Chicana/o art activism, Agenda, 28(4): 108-117. Available online

Milles, A. (2006) Lourdes Portillo's Senorita Extraviada: hegemonic power, gender and murder (feminicidio) in the Mexican-US frontera. International Journal of Education Through Art, Vol.2:5-15.

Nicholls, W. (2009) Place, Networks, Space: Theorising the Geographies of Social Movements, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 34(1):78-93. Available online

Wright, M. (2013) Feminicidio, narcoviolence, and gentrification in Ciudad Juárez: the feminist fight, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 31: 830 – 845.

Wright, M. (2011) Epistemological Ignorances and Fighting for the Disappeared: Lessons from Mexico, Antipode, 49(1): 249–269.


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Week 22: Trans* activism in Latin America: translocal belonging and embodied alternatives  

 Key readings:

Halberstam, J. (2018) Trans*: A Quick and Quirky Account of Gender Variability (Chapter 1 Trans*: What’s in a name?), University of California Press: USA.

Friedman, E. and Tabbush, C. (2018) Introduction. Contesting the Pink Tide in Friedman, E. (ed.) (2018) Seeking rights from the left: Gender, Sexuality, and the Latin American Pink Tide, Duke University Press: Durham: 1-47

Further reading:

Arístegui, P., (2017) Impact of the Gender Identity Law in Argentinean transgender women, International Journal of Transgenderism, 18(4): 446-456.

De la Dehesa R (2010) Queering the Public Sphere in Mexico and Brazil: Sexual Rights Movements in Emerging Democracies. Durham: Duke University Press

Friedman, E. (2009) Gender, Sexuality and the Latin American Left: Testing the Transformation, Third World Quarterly, 30(2): 415-433.

Friedman, E. (ed.) (2018) Seeking rights from the left: Gender, Sexuality, and the Latin American Pink Tide, Duke University Press: Durham.

Galeano Sánchez, J. (2017) Mobilizing, Negotiating, Surviving: Queer Revolutionary Gestures in Latin America and the Caribbean, Feminist Studies, 43(2): 388-404.

Garriga-López, C. (2016) Transfeminist Crossroads: Reimagining the Ecuadorian State, Transgender Studies Quarterly, 3(1-2): 104-119. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (IK 17/09/2019) 

Hines, S. (2007) (Trans)Forming Gender: Social Change and Transgender Citizenship, Sociological Research Online, 12(1): 1-14.

Labsay, L. (2011) The limits of democracy Transgender work and citizenship. Cultural Studies 25(2): 213-229.

Lind, A. (2013) Sexual Politics and Constitutional Reform in Ecuador: From neoliberalism to the Buen vivir In Weiss, M. and Bosia, M. (ed.) Global Homophobia: states, movements, and the politics of oppression, University of Illinois Press: Chicago

Loza, O., Beltran, O., and Mangadu, T. (2017). A qualitative exploratory study on gender identity and the health risks and barriers to care for transgender women living in a U.S.–Mexico border city. International Journal of Transgenderism, 18(1), 104–118.

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Week 23: ‘We are American too, why don’t they help?’: Challenging contemporary colonialism in Puerto Rico 

 Key readings:

Gonzalez-Sobrino, B. (2018) Puerto Rico’s Politics of Exclusion, Contexts, 17(1):80-81.

Sealey-Huggins, L. (2018) Chapter 10 'The climate crisis is a racist crisis': Structural racism, inequality and climate change in Johnson, A., Joseph-Salisbury, R. and Kamunge, B. (ed.) The Fire Now: anti-racist scholarship in times of explicit racial violence, Zed Books: London: 99-113.

Further reading:

Agyeman, J. and Evans, B. (2006) Justice, governance, and sustainability: perspectives on environmental citizenship from North America and Europe In Environmental citizenship, Dobson, A. and Bell, D. (ed.) Cambridge, MA: MIT Press: 185–206.

Amílcar A. and Lozano, K. (2017) Hierarchies of belonging: intersecting race, ethnicity, and territoriality in the construction of US citizenship, Citizenship Studies, 21(8): 999-1014.

Buckingham, S. and Kulcur, R. (2009) Gendered geographies of environmental injustice. Antipode 41(4): 659–683.

Byrnes, M. (2014) Climate Justice, Hurricane Katrina, and African American Environmentalism, Journal of African American Studies, 18(3):305–314.

Colón-Morera, J. (2017) US policy toward its territories: a complex and perhaps intractable problem, Political Science and Politics, 50(2):525-528. Available online

Cupples, J. and Glynn, K. (2013) The Mediation and Remediation of Disaster: Hurricanes Katrina and Felix in/and the New Media Environment, Antipode, 46(2): 359-381.

Di Chiro, G. (2003) Beyond ecoliberal “common futures”: environmental justice, toxic touring, and a transcommunal politics of place In Race, nature, and the politics of difference, Moore, D. S., Kosek, J. and Pandian, A. (ed.) Durham, NC: Duke University Press: 205–232.

Gabrielson, T. and Parady, K. (2010) Corporeal citizenship: rethinking green citizenship through the body, Environmental Politics 19(3):374-391.

Lebron, M. (2017) They Don't Care If We Die: The Violence of Urban Policing in Puerto Rico, Journal of Urban History, 1-20.

Negron-Muntaner, F. (ed.) (1997) Puerto Rican Jam: Rethinking Colonialism and Nationalism, University of Minnesota Press.

Negron-Muntaner, F. (ed.) (2007) None of the Above: Puerto Ricans in the Global Era (New Directions in Latino American Culture), Palgrave: New York.

Scoville, C. (2016) George Orwell and ecological citizenship: moral agency and modern estrangement, Citizenship Studies, 20(6-7):830-845.

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Week 24: Social media as a form of resistance or just another hashtag?

 Key readings:

Carney, N. (2016) All Lives Matter, but so Does Race: Black Lives Matter and the Evolving Role of Social Media, Humanity & Society, 40(2) 180-199.

Nadesan, N. (2019) Chapter 3 Making Space: Black and Womxn of Colour Feminist Activism in Madrid in Emejulu, A. and Sobande, F. (ed.) To exist is to resist: black feminism in Europe, Pluto Press: London: 34-45.

Further reading:

Blanco Ramírez, G., Scott Metcalfe, A. (2017) Hashtivism as public discourse: Exploring online student activism in response to state violence and forced disappearances in Mexico, Research in Education, 97(1): 56-75.

Erlick, E. (2018) Trans Youth Activism on the Internet, Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies, 39(1): 73-92.

Gerbaudo, P. (2012) Tweets and the Streets, New York: Pluto Prees.

Ince, J., Rojas, F.; Davis, C. (2017) The social media response to Black Lives Matter: how Twitter users interact with Black Lives Matter through hashtag use, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 40(11): 1814-1830.

Juris, J. (2012) Reflections on #Occupy Everywhere: Social media, public space, and emerging logics of aggregation, American Ethnologist, Journal of The American Ethnological Society, 39(2): 259-279.

Kaun, A. (2016) ‘Our time to act has come’: desynchronization, social media time and protest movements, Media, Culture & Society, 39(4): 469-486.

Mislán, C. and Dache-Garbino, A. (2018) Not a Twitter Revolution: Anti-neoliberal and Antiracist Resistance in the Ferguson Movement, International Journal of Communication 12: 2622–2640.

Morozov, Foreign Policy,

Newsom, V. and Lengel, L. (2012) Arab Women, Social Media, and the Arab Spring: Applying the framework of digital reflexivity to analyze gender and online activism, Journal of International Women’s Studies, 13(5): 31-45.

Petray, T. and Collin, R. (2017) Your Privilege Is Trending: Confronting Whiteness on Social Media, Social Media + Society: 1–10.

Sobande, F., (2019) Resisting media marginalisation: Black women's digital content and collectivity. Consumption, Markets and Culture, 1-16.

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Online Course Readings

McGrew, A, (2010) Chapter 1: Globalization and Global Politics. FROM: Baylis, J, The globalization of world politics : an introduction to international relations, 5th edition. pp.14-31. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Flint, Colin, (2011) Chapter 6. FROM: Flint, Colin, Introduction to geopolitics, 2nd edition. pp.159-193. London: Routledge. - Available on library catalogue as e-book Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Painter, J, (2009) Chapter 9: Geopolitics and Anti-Geopolitics. FROM: Painter, J, Political geography : an introduction to space and power ISBN: 9781412901383 (pbk.) : £22.99; 9781412901376 (hbk.) : £65.00; 1412901375 (hbk.) : £65.00; 1412901383 (pbk.) : £22.99. pp.196-220. London: Sage. - Available on library catalogue as e-book Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Rahnema, M, (1997) Introduction. FROM: Rahnema, M., The post-development reader ISBN: 1856494748 (pbk); 185649473X. pp.ix-xix. Zed Books: London. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (SRJ 06/11/2017) Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Heinberg, Richard, (2005) Managing the collapse. FROM: Heinberg, Richard, The party's over : oil, war and the fate of industrial societies ISBN: 1905570007. pp.225-262. Forest Row: Clairview. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Kennedy, P, (2006) Chapter 8 : The Promise and the Peril of the Twenty-first Century. FROM: Kennedy, P, The parliament of man : the United Nations and the quest for world government. pp.243-279. London: Allen Lane. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Braden, K, (2000) Chapter 8: International Law. FROM: Braden, K, Engaging geopolitics. pp.123-145. Harlow: Prentice Hall. - Available on library catalogue as e-book Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Bayoumi, M, (2000) Chapter 4 Orientalism. FROM: Bayoumi, M, The Edward Said reader ISBN: 0375709363. pp.63-113. New York: Vintage Books. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Lynch, Marc, (2012) Chapter 8: America's Challenge. FROM: Lynch, Marc, The Arab uprising : the unfinished revolutions of the new Middle East ISBN: 9781610390842; 1610390849; 9781610390859 (electronic); 1610390857 (electronic), 1st edition. pp.193-235. New York: Public Affairs. - Available on library catalogue as e-book Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Holloway, J, (1998) Introduction. FROM: Holloway, J, Zapatista! : reinventing revolution in Mexico ISBN: 0745311776 (pbk.) : £13.99; 0745311784. pp.1-18. London: Pluto Press. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Cloke, Paul J, (1991) Chapter 8: The differences of postmodern human geography. FROM: Cloke, Paul J, Approaching human geography : an introduction to contemporary theoretical debates. pp.186-201. London: Chapman. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Rodney, Walter, (1972) Europe and the roots of African underdevelopment - to 1885. FROM: Rodney, Walter, How Europe underdeveloped Africa. pp.100-139. London: Bogle-L'Ouverture Publications. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Frank, A.G, (1995) The development of under-development. FROM: Corbridge, Stuart, Development studies : a reader ISBN: 0340614528 (pbk); 0340632127. pp.27-37. London: E. Arnold. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Tilly, C, (1989) The geography of European state-making and capitalism since 1500. FROM: Genovese, E.D, Geographic perspectives in history ISBN: 0631145214. pp.158-181. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Ogborn, Miles, (1998) Chapter 1: Spaces of modernity. FROM: Ogborn, Miles, Spaces of modernity : London's geographies, 1680-1780 ISBN: 1572303654 (pbk); 1572303433. pp.1-38. New York: Guilford Press. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (SRJ 06/11/2017) Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Pécoud, A. and de Guchteneire, P. (2006) International Migration, Border Controls and Human Rights: Assessing the Relevance of a Right to Mobility, Journal of borderlands studies. ISSN: 0886-5655; 2159-1229, 21 (1), pp. 69-86. Freely available online:

Esteva, Gustavo, (1998) From global to local: Beyond neoliberalism to the international of hope. FROM: Esteva, Gustavo, Grassroots post-modernism: remaking the soil of cultures. pp.19-49. London: Zed Books. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Routledge, P, (2000) Geopoetics of Resistance: India's Baliapal Movement. FROM: Alternatives : global, local, political. ISSN: 0304-3754 v.25. pp.375-389. Lynne Reiner: Boulder, CO. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Burnell, P, (2001) Foreign aid in a changing world. FROM: Desai, Vandana, The companion to development studies. pp.473-477. London: Arnold. - 3rd ed. e-book available on library catalogue Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Corbridge, S, (2001) Third World Debt. FROM: Desai, Vandana, The companion to development studies. pp.477-480. London: Arnold. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Redclift, M, (2001) Sustainable development. FROM: Desai, Vandana, The companion to development studies. pp.275-278. London: Arnold. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Weiss, T, (2007) Chapter 1: World politics continuity and change since 1945. FROM: Weiss, T, The Oxford handbook on the United Nations ISBN: 9780199560103 (pbk); 9780199279517 (hbk.); 0199279519 (hbk.). pp.3-38. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

West, Johnny, (2011) Chapter 8: We Are All Khaled Said. FROM: West, Johnny, Karama! : journeys through the Arab spring. pp.141-170. London: Heron Books. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Manhire, Toby, (2012) Extract. FROM: Manhire, Toby, Arab Spring : rebellion, revolution, and a new world order ISBN: 9780852652541 (pbk.) : £12.99; 0852652542 (pbk.) : £12.99. pp.221-256. London: Guardian. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Power, M, (2003) Chapter 7: Globalisation, Government and Power. FROM: Power, M, Rethinking development geographies ISBN: 041525079X (pbk.) : £20.99; 0415250781. pp.143-168. London: Routledge. - Available on library catalogue as e-book Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Ó Tuathail, Gearóid, (1998) Chapter 1: Introduction: Rethinking Geopolitics: Towards a Critical Geopolitics. FROM: Ó Tuathail, Gearóid, Rethinking geopolitics ISBN: 0415172519 (pbk ; hbk); 0415172500. pp.1-15. London: Routledge. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Rozick, E, (1993) Looking at and Living with Our Own Ugliness. FROM: Schumacher, E.F, Small is beautiful : a study of economics as if people mattered. pp.135-139. London: Vintage. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

This list was last updated on 14/11/2019