Dr David Galbraith
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue
The core textbook for this module is 'Principles of terrestrial ecosystem ecology' by Chapin et al. The library has several copies of this textbook. If, however, you are unable to access a copy, individual chapters of the book are available for download at:
Below is a list of useful textbooks that will help you to develop your understanding of key components of the module. You will also be provided with a reading list specific to each lecture, which will consist largely of primary research articles.
Allan, J.D., Castillo, M.M. (2007) Stream ecology: structure and function of running waters . 2nd Edition, Springer. (Very useful for block on aquatic ecosystems)
Cox, C.B. & Moore, P.D. (2005) Biogeography: an ecological and evolutionary approach . 7th Edition, Blackwell. (Earlier editions of this book are also available in the library).
* Chapin III, F.S., Matson, P.A., Vitousek, P.M. (2012). Principles of terrestrial ecosystem ecology . 2nd Edition, Springer. (The recommended course textbook, very useful for the blocks on terrestrial ecosystems and also soil science).
Dickinson, G. and Murphy, K. (2007). Ecosystems . Routledge. (Several copies available in the library).
River Ecosystems specific reading
Allan, D.J & Castillo, M. 2007. Stream ecology: structure and function of running waters . Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands. 436p. [most useful textbook on the subject]
Brown, L.E., Dunn, A. & Pitts, C.S. 2013. Ch. 6. Aquatic Ecosystems. In Holden, J. (ed) Water resources : an integrated approach . Taylor & Francis [introductory chapter on rivers and lakes]
Baxter, C. V., K. D. Fausch, and W. C. Saunders. 2005. Tangled webs: reciprocal flows of invertebrate prey link streams and riparian zones. Freshwater biology. 50:201-220. [links between aquatic-terrestrial food webs]
Dudgeon, D., Arthington, A.H., Gessner, M.O., Kawabata, Z., Knowler, D.J., Lévêque, C., Naiman, R.J., Prieur-Richard, A.H., Soto, D., Stiassny, M.L.J., Sullivan, C.A., 2006. Freshwater biodiversity: Importance, threats, status and conservation challenges. Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. 81: 163–182. [overview of aquatic biodiversity and threats to it]
Milner, A.M., Brittain, J.E., Castella, E., & Petts, G.E. (2001) Trends of macroinvertebrate community structure in glacier-fed rivers in relation to environmental conditions: a synthesis. Freshwater biology. 46, 1833-1848. [good paper to contrast with River Continuum Concept]
Rice, S.P., Greenwood, M.T., & Joyce, C.B. (2001) Tributaries, sediment sources, and the longitudinal organisation of macroinvertebrate fauna along river systems. Canadian journal of fisheries and aquatic sciences. 58: 824-840 [good paper to contrast with River Continuum Concept]
Robinson, C. T., K. Tockner, and J. V. Ward. 2002. The fauna of dynamic riverine landscapes. Freshwater biology. 47: 661-677. [overview of river biodiversity]
Vannote, R.L., Minshall, G.W., Cummins, K.W., Sedell, J.R., & Cushing, C.E. 1980. The river continuum concept. Canadian journal of fisheries and aquatic sciences. 37: 130-137
Stanford, J.A. & Ward, J.V. (2001) Revisiting the serial discontinuity concept. Regulated rivers : research and management. 17: 303-310. [good paper to contrast with River Continuum Concept]
Ward, J. V., and K. Tockner. 2001. Biodiversity: towards a unifying theme for river ecology. Freshwater biology. 46: 807-820 [overview of river biodiversity]
Woodward, G. & Hildrew, A. 2002. Food web structure in riverine landscapes. Freshwater biology. 47: 777–798 [review of ways to study river food webs other than by assessing functional feeding groups]
Allan, D.J & Castillo, M. 2007. Chapter 4 . Streamwater chemistry, Chapter 6. Primary producers, Chapter 7. Detrital Energy Sources, Chapter 11. Nutrient dynamics and Chapter 12 . Stream ecosystem metabolism. In Stream ecology: structure and function of running waters . Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands. 436p . [detailed reviews of all the central components of the lecture]
Battin, T., Luyssaert, S., Kaplan, L.A., Aufdenkampe, A.K., Richter, A. & Tranvik, L.J. 2009. The boundless carbon cycle. Nature geoscience 2: 598-600 [short summary article outlining the importance of aquatic systems in the global C cycle]
Boyero et al. 2011. A global experiment suggests climate warming will not accelerate litter decomposition in streams but might reduce carbon sequestration. Ecology letters. 14: 289–294 [results of decomposition experiments carried out across natural temperature gradients]
Cory, R.M., Ward, C.P., Crump, B.C., Kling, G.W. 2014. Sunlight controls water column processing of carbon in arctic fresh waters. Science. 345: 925-928 [study suggesting photo-oxidation is more important than respiration, but note studies did not consider benthic processes]
Gessner, M.O., Chauvet, E. & Dobson, M. 1999. A perspective on leaf litter breakdown in streams. Oikos. 85: 377-384 [critical evaluation of earlier conceptual ideas about leaf litter breakdown in rivers]
Hauer, R. & Lamberti, G. 2007. Methods in Stream Ecology .Elsevier [textbook with detailed reviews of specific topics and step by step methods for generating research level data]
Heiber, M. & Gessner, M. 2002. Contribution of stream detrivores, fungi, and bacteria to leaf breakdown based on biomass estimates. Ecology. 83: 1026–1038 [data paper showing biological dynamics associated with leaf decomposition]
Ledger, M.E., Brown, L.E., Edwards, F.K., Milner, A.M. & Woodward, G. 2013. Drought alters the structure and functioning of complex food webs. Nature climate change 3: 223-227 [paper showing effects of drought on organic matter flows through food webs]
Raymond, P.A. et al. 2013. Global carbon dioxide emissions from inland waters. Nature. 503: 355-359 [large scale analysis of CO2 emissions from rivers]
Roberts, B.J., Mulholland, P.J. & Hill, W.R. 2007. Multiple scales of temporal variability in ecosystem metabolism rates: results from 2 years of continuous monitoring in a forested headwater stream. Ecosystems. 10: 588-606
Woodward, G., Perkins, D.M., and Brown, L.C. (2010a). Climate change and freshwater ecosystems: Impacts across multiple levels of organization. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. B. 365: 2093–2106. [review article outlining how climate change may alter freshwater ecosystems from individual organisms through to whole ecosystems]
Yvon-Durocher, G., Allen, A.P., Montoya, J.M., Trimmer, M. & Woodward, G. 2010. The temperature dependence of the carbon cycle in aquatic ecosystems. Advances in ecological research. 43: 267–313 [summary of a body of recent research on how water temperature influences aquatic functional processes]
Yvon-Durocher, G., Jones, J.I., Trimmer, M., Woodward, G. & Montoya, J.M. 2010. Warming alters the metabolic balance of ecosystems. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. B 365: 2117-2126 [theoretical explanations and experimental warming studies looking at how aquatic functional processes respond to temperature]
Lecture 3: Lateral patterns and processes
Baxter, C. V., K. D. Fausch, and W. C. Saunders. 2005. Tangled webs: reciprocal flows of invertebrate prey link streams and riparian zones. Freshwater biology. 50:201-220.
Briers, R. A., Cariss, H. M., Geoghegan R. and Gee, J. H. R. (2005) The lateral extent of the subsidy from an upland stream to riparian lycosid spiders. Ecography. , 28, 165-170.
England, L. E., and A. D. Rosemond. 2004. Small reductions in forest cover weaken terrestrial-aquatic linkages in headwater streams. Freshwater biology. 49:721-734.
Gregory, S. V., F. J. Swanson, and W. A. McKee. 1991. An ecosystem perspective of riparian zones. Bioscience. 40:540-551.
Karaus, U., L. Alder, and K. Tockner. 2005. "Concave islands": Habitat heterogeneity of parafluvial ponds in a gravel-bed river. Wetlands. 25:26-37.
Kawaguchi, Y., and S. Nakano. 2001. Contribution of terrestrial invertebrates to the annual resource budget for salmonids in forest and grassland reaches of a headwater stream. Freshwater biology. 46:303-316.
Milner, A.M., & I.T. Phillips. 2005. The role of riparian vegetation and woody debris in the development of macroinvertebrate assemblages. River research and applications. 21: 403-420.
Naiman, R.J., Décamps, H. & McClain, M.E. 2005. Riparia : ecology, conservation, and management of streamside communities . Elsevier Academic Press
Nakano, S., H. Miyasaka, and N. Kuhara. 1999. Terrestrial-aquatic linkages: riparian arthropod inputs alter trophic cascades in a stream food web. Ecology. 80:2435-2441.
Nakano, S., and M. Murakami. 2001. Reciprocal subsidies: Dynamic interdependence between terrestrial and aquatic food webs. Proceedings National Academy of Science USA 98:166-170. Available online: http://www.pnas.org/content/98/1/166.full
Paetzold, A., Schubert, C.J. & Tockner, K. 2005. Aquatic - terrestrial linkages along a braided-river: riparian arthropods feeding on aquatic insects. Ecosystems. 8: 748-759.
Paetzold, A., Smith, M., Warren, P.H. & Maltby, L. 2011. Environmental impact propagated by cross-system subsidy: chronic stream pollution controls riparian spider populations. Ecology. 92: 1711–1716
Polis, G. A., W. B. Anderson, and R. D. Holt. 1997. Toward an integration of landscape and food web ecology: The dynamics of spatially subsidized food webs. Annual review of ecology and systematics. 28:289-316.
Sadler, J. P., D. Bell, and A. Fowles. 2004. The hydroecological controls and conservation value of beetles on exposed riverine sediments in England and Wales. Biological conservation. 118:41-56.
Wallace, B., S. L. Eggert, J. L. Meyer, and J. R. Webster. 1997. Multiple trophic levels of a forest stream linked to terrestrial litter inputs. Science. 277:102-104.
GEOG2085 River Ecosystems L4 Reading List + practical class
Allan, J.D. 2004. Landscapes and riverscapes: The influence of land use on stream ecosystems. Annual review of ecology and systematics. 35: 257–84 [Wide ranging review paper]
Armitage, P.D., Moss, D. Wright, J.F. & Furse, M.T. 1983. The performance of a new biological water quality score system based on macroinvertebrates over a wide range of unpolluted running-water sites. Water research. 17: 333-347 [research paper about BMWP scoring system]
Dudgeon, D., Arthington, A.H., Gessner, M.O., Kawabata, Z., Knowler, D.J., Lévêque, C., Naiman, R.J., Prieur-Richard, A.H., Soto, D., Stiassny, M.L.J., Sullivan, C.A., 2006. Freshwater biodiversity: Importance, threats, status and conservation challenges. Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. 81: 163–182. [overview of threats to aquatic biodiversity]
Hauer, F.R. & Lamberti, G.A. 2006. Methods in Stream Ecology . Elsevier [broad ranging methods textbook]
Hughes, S.R., Kay, P. & Brown, L.E. 2013. Global synthesis and critical evaluation of pharmaceutical datasets collected from river systems. Environmental science and technology. 47: 661–677 [Review paper summarising pharmaceutical pollution of rivers]
Extence, C.A. & Ferguson, A. J. D. 1989. Aquatic invertebrate surveys as a water quality management tool in the Anglian Water region. Regulated rivers : research and management. 4: 139-146 [research paper about BMWP scoring system]
Mason, C.F. 2002. Biology of Freshwater Pollution . Longman [Book summarising lots of pollution relevant information and the BMWP system]
Paisley M. F., Trigg D. J. and Walley W. J. (2014), REVISION OF THE BIOLOGICAL MONITORING WORKING PARTY (BMWP) SCORE SYSTEM: DERIVATION OF PRESENT-ONLY AND ABUNDANCE-RELATED SCORES FROM FIELD DATA. River research and applications. 30: 887–904 [recent revision of BMWP scoring system]
Paul, M.J. & Meyer, J. 2001. Streams in the urban landscape. Annual review of ecology and systematics. 32: 333–65 [Wide ranging review paper]
Strayer, D.L. 2006. Challenges for freshwater invertebrate conservation. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 25: 271-287. [discussion of threats + conservation requirements]
Tockner, K., Pusch, M., Gessner, J. & Wolter, C. 2011. Domesticated ecosystems and novel communities: challenges for the management of large rivers. Ecohydrology & hydrobiology. 11: 167-174 [Review paper about human modification of rivers]
Wright, J.F., Sutcliffe, D.W. & Furse, M.T. 2000. Assessing the biological quality of fresh waters : RIVPACS and other techniques : invited contributions from an International Workshop held in Oxford, UK on 16-18 September 1997 by the Institute of Freshwater Ecology (NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology), UK, Environment Agency, UK, Environment Australia, Land and Water Resources R & D Corporation, Canberra, Australia . Freshwater Biological Association. 373p [Technical text book detailing the methods underpinning the RIVPACS assessment technique]
Vörösmarty, C. J., McIntyre, P.B. Gessner, M.O., Dudgeon, D., Prusevich, A., Green, P., Glidden, S., Bunn, S.E., Sullivan, C.A., Liermann, C.R. & Davies, P.M. 2010. Global threats to human water security and river biodiversity. Nature. 467: 555-561 [Wide ranging review paper]
Wescoat, J.L. & White, G.F. (2003) Water for life : water management and environmental policy . Cambridge University Press. [Text book about water resources management]
This list was last updated on 22/01/2016