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Module Reading List

Research Methods, 2019/20
Maria Horne
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Other text books and resources to support your independent study

MAY, T. 2011 Social research: issues, methods and process, 4th edition, Buckingham: Open University Press

POPE, C., N. MAYS & J. POPAY. 2007. Synthesizing qualitative and quantitative health evidence : a guide to methods. Maidenhead: Open University Press.

PUNCH, K.F. 2006. Developing effective research proposals. 2nd edition. London: Sage.

Please use the link below for a detailed reusable learning object on systematic reviews from the Higher Education Academy: 

BELL, J. (2010). Doing your research project : a guide for first-time researchers. 5th ed. Maidenhead : Open University Press / McGraw Hill. E-BOOK AVAILABLE!

BOWLING, A. (2009). Research methods in health : investigating health and health services. 3rd ed. E-BOOK AVAILABLE!

BOWLING, A. & EBRAHIM, S. (eds) (2005). Handbook of health research methods : investigation, measurement and analysisMaidenhead : Open University Press. E-BOOK AVAILABLE!

BLAXTER, L. HUGHES, C. and TIGHT, M. (2006) How to research. 3rd edition. Buckingham: Open University Press.

BROPHY, S., SNOOKS, H. & GRIFFITHS, L. 2008. Small-scale evaluation in health : a practical guide. London: Sage.

CRYER, P. (2006) The research student's guide to success. 3rd edition. Maidenhead, OUP.

HOUSER, J. (2013)Nursing research : reading, using, and creating evidence 2013. Burlington. Jones and Bartlett Learning.

KUMAR, R. (2011). Research methodology: a step by step guide for beginners. 3rd edition. London: Sage.

MALTBY, J. (2010). Research methods for nursing and healthcare. Harlow : Pearson Education. E-BOOK AVAILABLE!

MORSE, J.M. & NIEHAUS, L.M. (2009) Mixed method design : principles and procedures. London: Sage.

ØVRETVEIT, J. (1997) Evaluating Health Interventions. Buckingham: OUP.

PUNCH, K. (2005) Introduction to social research : quantitative and qualitative approaches, 2nd edition, London: Sage.

SAPSFORD, R. & JUPP, V. (eds.) (2006). Data collection and analysis. 2nd edition. London: Sage / OUP.

SCWANDT, T.A. (2001) Dictionary of qualitative inquiry. London: Sage.

SHAW, I. et al. (2009). The SAGE handbook of social work research. London: Sage.

SMITH, F. J. (2005) Conducting your pharmacy practice research project : a step-by-step guide, Pharmaceutical Press.

Epistemology and Quality/Rigour of research methods

GREENHALGH, Trisha (2010) How to read a paper : the basics of evidence-based medicine. 4th ed. Chichester : Wiley-Blackwell. E-BOOK AVAILABLE!

GUBA, E.G. & LINCOLN, Y.S. (2011). Competing paradigms in qualitative research. In: N.K. DENZIN & Y.S. LINCOLN (eds) Sage Handbook of qualitative research.  pp 105-117. Sage.

MORROW, S.L. (2005). Quality and trustworthiness in qualitative research in counseling psychology. Journal of Counseling Psychology.52 (2) pp. 250-260.

PONTORETTO, J.G. (2005). Qualitative research in counselling psychology: a primer on research paradigms and philosophy of science. Journal of Counseling Psychology.52 (2) pp. 126-136.

RICHARDSON, L. (2000). Evaluating ethnography. Qualitative inquiry. 6 pp.253-255.

SANDELOWSKI, M. (1986). The problem of rigour in qualitative research. Advances in nursing science.8 (3), pp.27-37.

SPARKES, A. (2002) Autoethnography: self-indulgence or something more?  In: A. BOCHNER & C. ELLIS (eds) Ethnographically speaking : autoethnography, literature, and aestheticsNew York: Alta Mira.

Quantitative Study Design

BALNAVES, M. and CAPUTI, P. (2001) Introduction to Quantitative Research Methods. London: Sage.

Surveys / Questionnaire Design

BRADBURN, N.M., B. WANSINK & S. SUDMAN. (2004) Asking questions : the definitive guide to questionnaire design, for market research, political polls, and social and health questionnaires. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

CONVERSE J and PRESSER S. (1986) Survey questions : handcrafting the standardized questionnaireSage series no. 63, Thousand Oaks: Sage publications.

FINK, A. (2006). How to conduct surveys: a step by step guide3rd edition. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage publications.

FODDY, W. (1993). Constructing questions for interviews and questionnaires : theory and practice in social researchCambridge: Cambridge University Press.

FOWLER, F.J. (1995) Improving survey questions : design and evaluation. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

OPPENHEIM, A.N. (2003) Questionnaire design, interviewing and attitude measurementLondon: Continuum. 

SAPSFORD, R. (2007). Survey research2nd edition. London: Sage.

Quantitative Data Analysis / Statistics

FIELD, A. 2013. Discovering statistics using IBM SPSS Statistics. London: Sage.

BLAIKIE, N. 2003. Analyzing quantitative data : from description to explanationLondon: Sage.

SALKIND, N. J. 2011. Statistics for people who (think they) hate statistics, London: Sage

SCOTT, I., D. MAZHINDU and K. MOORE. 2005. Statistics for healthcare professionals : an introduction. London: Sage.


HARPER, D. & A.R. THOMPSON. (eds). 2012. Qualitative research methods in mental health and psychotherapy : a guide for students and practitioners. Chichester: Wiley. E-BOOK AVAILABLE!

HOLLOWAY, I. (ed.) 2005. Qualitative research in health care. Maidenhead : Open University Press. E-BOOK AVAILABLE!

MAY, T. (ed.) 2002. Qualitative research in action. London : SAGE. E-BOOK AVAILABLE!

POPE, C & N. MAYS. (eds) 2006. Qualitative research in health care. 3rd ed. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Pub./BMJ Books E-BOOK AVAILABLE!

WILLIG, C. & W. STAINTON-ROGERS (eds). 2008. The Sage handbook of qualitative research in psychology. London : SAGE. E-BOOK AVAILABLE!

General qualitative data collection and analysis (many of these texts have chapters on specific methods)

DENZIN, N. K. and LINCOLN, Y.S. (eds.) 2011 Handbook of Qualitative Research, 4th edition, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

FLIK, U. 2007 (ed) The Sage qualitative research kit, London: Sage. (this is a series of small books on different methods)

HOLLOWAY, I. (ed.) 2005. Qualitative research in health care, Maidenhead: Open University Press.

MASON, J. 2002. Qualitative Researching. 2nd Edition, London, Sage

MCLEOD, J. 2011. Qualitative research in counselling and psychotherapy, 2nd ed. London: Sage.

RITCHIE, J. and LEWIS, J. 2003. Qualitative research practice : a guide for social science students and researchers, London: Sage.

SILVERMAN, D. 2010. Doing Qualitative Research. 3rd Edition. London, Sage

SILVERMAN, D. 2011. Qualitative Research: issues of theory, method and practice. 3rd Edition. London, Sage

Focus Groups

BARBOUR, R.S. and KITZINGER, J. (eds.) 1999. Developing focus group research : politics, theory and practice, London: Sage.

CAREY, M.A. 1994 The group effect in focus groups: planning, implementing and interpreting focus group research. In: Morse JM (ed) Critical issues in qualitative research methods. London: Sage. pp 224-241.

KREUGER, R.A. 2009. Focus groups: a practical guide for applied research, London: Sage

MORGAN, D.L. and SCANNEL, A.U. 1998. Planning focus groups. London: Sage


KING, N. and HORROCKS, C. 2009. Interviews in qualitative research, London: Sage.

KVALE, S. and BRINKMAN, S 2009. InterViews : learning the craft of qualitative research interviewing, London: Sage.

RUBIN, H. J. and RUBIN, I. S. 2005. Qualitative Interviewing: the art of hearing data, 2nd Edition. London: Sage.

Case studies/ethnography/observational methods

HAMMERSLEY, M. and ATKINSON, P. 2007. Ethnography: Principles in Practice, 3rd edition, London: Routledge.

LOFTLAND, J, et al 2006. Analyzing Social Settings: A Guide to Qualitative Observation and Analysis, Wadsworth: London.

MCLEOD, J. 2010. Case study research in counselling and psychotherapy. London: Sage.

MITCHELL, C. 2011. Doing visual research. London: Sage.

STAKE, R.E. 2005 Case studies. in DENZIN, N. K. and LINCOLN, Y.S. (eds.) 2011, Handbook of Qualitative Research, 4th edition, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

WOOLCOTT, H. 1999. Ethnography : a way of seeing. Walnutt Creek: Alta Mira Press.

YIN, R. K. 2009. Case Study Research: design and methods. 4th edition, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Narrative/autoethnographic methods

CHANG HEEWON. 2008. Autoethnography as method. California: Left Coast Press.

RIESSMAN, C.K. 2008. Narrative methods for the human sciences. London: Sage.

SPEEDY, P, J. 2008. Narrative inquiry and psychotherapy. Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan

Qualitative data analysis

BRYMAN, A. and BURGESS, R.G. 1994. Analyzing qualitative data. London: Routledge

CHARMAZ, K. 2006. Constructing grounded theory : a practical guide through qualitative analysis. Los Angeles: Sage

GIBSON, W. & BROWN, A. 2009. Working with qualitative data. London: Sage

SILVERMAN, D. 2011. Interpreting qualitative data : a guide to the principles of qualitative research, 4th edition, London: Sage.

RICHARDS, L. 2009. Handling Qualitative Data, London: Sage.

Systematic Reviews

Systematic reviews (quantitative)

CENTRE FOR REVIEWS AND DISSEMINATION. 2009. Systematic reviews : CRD's guidance for undertaking reviews in health care, York: CRD

HIGGINS, J.P.T. and GREEN, S. (eds) 2009. Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews of interventions, Chichester: Wiley Blackwell.

Qualitative synthesis (Qualitative systematic reviews)

HANNES, K. & LOCKWOOD, C. 2012. Synthesizing qualitative research : choosing the right approach. Oxford : Wiley-Blackwell. E-BOOK AVAILABLE!

HOWELL MAJOR C. and SAVIN-BADEN, M. 2010 An introduction to qualitative research synthesis : managing the information explosion in social science research. London: Routledge.

PATERSON, B.L. 2001. Meta-study of qualitative health research : a practical guide to meta-analysis and meta-synthesis. London: Sage

POPE, C., N. MAYS & J. POPAY. 2007. Synthesizing qualitative and quantitative health evidence : a guide to methods. Maidenhead: Open University Press.


MAUTHNER, M. L. et al (eds). 2002. Ethics in qualitative researchLondon : SAGE. E-BOOK AVAILABLE!

McNAMEE, M., S. OLIVIER and P. WAINWRIGHT. 2007. Research ethics in exercise, health and sport sciences, London: Routledge.

Mixed Method Approaches

PLANO CLARK, V.L & J.W.CRESSWELL. 2008The mixed methods reader London: Sage

TASHAKKORI, A & C. TEDDLIE. 1998 Mixed methodology : combining qualitative and quantitative approaches London: Sage.

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Websites- sources of evidence


OVID databases (MEDLINE [electronic resource]. ISSN: x000-9599, EMBASE [electronic resource]. ISSN: x000-9611 etc.)  University of Leeds access to databases (log in with your ISS account)

NHS Evidence - NHS access to databases (NHS Athens account required)




Centre for Reviews and Dissemination

Clinical Evidence

Cochrane Library

Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin 


Department of Health

NHS Evidence (formerly the National Library for Health)

Health Technology Assessment


National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence  (NICE)

National Library of Guidance (formerly NLH guidelines finder)

Social Care Institute for Excellence (SCIE)

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To access any journal held by Leeds University Library, type the name of the journal into the Library catalogue and follow the links.

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Use this link for information on Leeds University Library newspaper holdings

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National Electronic Library for Medicines

Netting the Evidence

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Regulatory Bodies

Nursing and Midwifery Council

Health and Care Professions Council

Council for Healthcare Regulatory Excellence

Royal Pharmaceutical Society

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Staff Organisations

Royal College of Nursing

International Council of Nurses

Royal College of Midwives

This list was last updated on 12/07/2017