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Module Reading List

The Sociology of Culture, 2019/20, Semester 1
Dr Rodanthi Tzanelli
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Week 1 – 3 October (Rodanthi Tzanelli)

Defining culture: schools and approaches


Week 2 – 10 October (Rodanthi Tzanelli)

Tourism and the Media: A New (Popular) Culture?

Key readings (READ BOTH)

Crouch, D., Jackson, R. and Thompson, F. (2005) ‘Introduction: The Media and the Tourist Imagination’. In D. Crouch, R. Jackson and F. Thompson (eds) The Media and the Tourist Imagination.  New York: Routledge, 1-13.

Mills, C.M. (1959/2000) ‘Introduction’. In The Sociological Imagination, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1-24.


Further reading

Aden, R. (1999) Popular Stories and Promised Lands, Tuscaloosa: Alabama University Press.

Beeton, S (2016) Film-Induced Tourism, 2nd ed. Clevedon, Buffalo, Toronto: Channel View Publications (ch. 1).

Bolan, P. & N. O’Connor (2008) ‘Creating a sustainable brand for Northern Ireland through film induced tourism’, Tourism, Culture & Communication, 8(3): 147-58. Available at

Crouch, D. (2009) ‘The diverse dynamics of cultural studies and tourism’, in T. Jamal and M. Robinson (eds) The SAGE Handbook of Tourism Studies. London: Sage.

Crouch, D. and Lübbren, N. (2003) ‘Introduction’, in D. Crouch and N. Lübbren (eds) Visual Culture and Tourism, Oxford: Berg, (pp. 1-20).

Crouch, D., R. Jackson and F. Thompson (eds) (2005) The Media and the Tourist Imagination.  New York: Routledge.

Croy, G.W. and S. Heitmann (2011) ‘Tourism and film’ in P. Robinson and P.U.C. Diecke (eds) Research themes for tourism, Wallingford: CABI, 188-204.

Daye, M. (2005) ‘Mediating tourism: An analysis of the Caribbean holiday experience in the UK national press’, in D. Crouch, R. Jackson and F. Thompson (eds) The Media and the Tourist Imagination, New York: Routledge.

Fruehling Springwood, C. (2002) ‘Framing, dreaming and playing in Iowa: Japanese mythopoetics and agrarian utopia’, in S. Coleman and M. Crang (eds) Tourism: Between Place and Performance, Oxford: Berghahn.

Germann Molz, J (2012) Travel Connections, London: Routledge.

Germann Molz, J. & Cody Morris Paris. (2013) The Social Affordances of Flashpacking: Exploring the Mobility Nexus of Travel and Communication. Mobilities. Published online first: October 30, 2013. DOI:10.1080/17450101.2013.848605

Germann Molz, J. (2010) Performing Global Geographies: Time, Space, Place and Pace in Narratives of Round-the-World Travel. Tourism Geographies, 12(3): 329-348.

Germann Molz, J. (2013) Social Networking Technologies and the Moral Economy of Alternative Tourism: The Case of, Annals of Tourism Research 43 (October): 210-230.

Graml, R. (2004) ‘(Re)mapping the nation: Sound of Music tourism and national identity in Austria, ca 2000’, Tourist Studies, 4(2): 137-59.

Kozinets, R. V. (2001) ‘Utopian enterprise: articulating the meaning of Star Trek’s culture of consumption’, Journal of Consumer Research, 28(2): 67–88.

Larsen, J. (2004) ‘(Dis)connecting tourism and photography, corporeal and imaginative travel’, Journeys, 5: 20-42. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (CHG 26/09/2019) 

Larsen, J. (2005) ‘Families seen photographing: The performativity of tourist photography’, Space and Culture, 8: 416-34.

Leotta, A. (2012) Touring the Screen, Chicago and Bristol: Intellect.

Long, P. and Robinson, M. (2011) ‘Tourism, popular culture and the media’ in Jamal, T. and M. Robinson (2011) The SAGE Handbook of Tourism Studies, London: Sage, pp. 98-114.

Mathijs E. and M. Pomerance (eds) From Hobbits to Hollywood, Amsterdam: Rodopi.

Mkono, M & Tribe, J. (2017) ‘Beyond Reviewing: Uncovering the Multiple Roles of Tourism Social Media Users’, Journal of Travel Research, 56 (3): 287-298.

Papadimitriou, L. (2000) ‘Traveling on screen: Tourism and the Greek film musical’, Journal of Modern Greek Studies, 18(1): 95-104.

Peaslee, R.M. (2010) ‘ “The man from New Line knocked on the door”: Tourism, media power, and Hobbiton/Matamata as boundaried space’, Tourist Studies, 10(1): 57–73.

Peaslee, R.M. (2011) ‘One ring, many circles: The Hobbiton tour experience and a spatial approach to media power’, Tourist Studies, 11(1): 37-53.

Prideaux, B. (2002) ‘The Cybertourist’, in G.M.S. Dann, The Tourist as a Metaphor of the Social World. Wallingford: CAB International (pp. 317-340).

Reijders, S. (2011) Places of the imagination, Aldershot: Ashgate.

Reijnders, S. (2011) ‘Stalking the Count: Dracula, fandom and tourism’, Annals of Tourism Research, 38(1): 231-48.

Roesch, S. (2009) The Experiences of Film Location Tourists, Channel View Publications (for digitisation, 5: 129-57)

Salazar, N.B. (2010) Envisioning Eden: Mobilising Imaginaries in Tourism and Beyond. Oxford: Berghahn.

Salazar, N.B. and Graburn, N.H.H. (2016) ‘Towards an anthropology of tourism imaginaries’. In N.B. Salazar and N.H.H. Graburn (eds.), Tourism Imaginaries. Oxford: Berghahn, 1-30.

Selwyn, T. (1996) The Tourist Image: Myths and Myth-Making in Tourism. Chichester: Wiley.

Strain, E. (2003) Public Places, Private Journeys: Ethnography, Entertainment and the Tourist Gaze, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press (for digitisation ch. 10, pp. 230-47).

Tzanelli, R. (2007) The Cinematic Tourist, London: Routledge (ch. 1).

Tzanelli, R. (2012) ‘Tourism and the Media’, in G. Ritzer (ed.), Encyclopaedia of Globalization, Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 1983-1985.

Tzanelli, R. (2013) Heritage in the Digital Era, London: Routledge (ch.1).

Tzanelli, R. (2014) ‘Heritage entropy and tourist pilgrimage in Brave’s Scotland’, Hospitality & Society, 4 (2): 155–77. Download from ‘Rodanthi’s Mediasite’ - ‘Publications on Virtual and Terrestrial Travel’ (

Tzanelli, R. (2015) ‘On Avatar’s (2009) touring semiotechnologies: From cinematic utopias to Chinese heritage tourism’, Tourism Analysis, 20 (3): 269-82. Available at's_2009_Semiotechnologies_from_Cinematic_Utopias_to_Chinese_Heritage_Tourism.

Tzanelli, R. (2016) ‘Game of Thrones to games of sites/sights: Framing events through cinematic transformations in Northern Ireland’, in K. Hannam, M. Mostafanezhad and J.M. Rickly-Boyd, Event Mobilities: The Politics of the Everyday and the Extraordinary. London: Routledge, 52-67.

Tzanelli, R. (2017) (2018) ‘Tourism and Popular Culture: Socio-Cultural Considerations’, in V. Ziakas and C. Lundberg (eds) Routledge Handbook on Popular Culture & Tourism. London: Routledge, 19-30.

Tzanelli, R. and Yar, M. (2016) ‘Breaking Bad, making good: Notes on a televisual tourist industry’, Mobilities. Online First (10 July 2014). Download from ‘Rodanthi’s Mediasite’ - ‘Publications on Virtual and Terrestrial Travel’ (  

Tzanelli, R. (2017) ‘Staging pilgrimage on Skopelos after Mamma Mia! (2008): Digital and terrestrial hospitality in cinematic tourism’ in M.E. Korstanje and B. Handayani (eds) Gazing Death: Dark Tourism as an Emergent of Research. New York: NOVA SCIENCE, 131-160.

Urry, J. and J. Larsen (2011) The Tourist Gaze 3.0. London: Sage.


Week 3 – 17 October (Rodanthi Tzanelli)

Pilgrimage, ‘Neo-Pilgrimage’ and Tourism Modernities

Key readings (READ BOTH)

Coleman, S. and Eade, J. (2004), ‘Reframing pilgrimage’, in S. Coleman and J. Eade (eds), Reframing Pilgrimage, London: Routledge, pp. 1–26.

Tzanelli, R. (2010) ‘The Da Vinci Node: Networks of Neo-pilgrimage in the European Cosmopolis’, International Journal of Humanities, 8 (3): 113-128. Download from Rodanthi’s Mediasite - - ‘Publications on Virtual and Terrestrial Travel’ (


Further reading

Adler, J. (1989) ‘Travel as performed art’, American Journal of Sociology, 94 (6): 1366-91.

Adler, J. (2002) ‘The holy man as traveller and travel attraction: early Christian asceticism and the moral problematic of modernity’, in W. Swatos Jr. and L. Tomasi (eds) From Medieval Pilgrimage to Religious Tourism. Westport, Conn: Praeger.

Badone, E. And S.R. Roseman (2004) ‘Approaches to the Anthropology of Pilgrimage and Tourism’ in E. Badone and S.R. Roseman (eds) Intersecting Journeys, University of Illinois Press.

Bajc, V., Coleman, S. and Eade, J. (2007) ‘Mobility and centering in pilgrimage’, Mobilities, 2 (3): 321–9.

Bauman, Z. (1996) ‘From pilgrim to tourist – or the short history of identity’, in S. Hall and P. Du Gay (eds) Questions of Cultural Identity. London: Sage.

Cavanaugh, W. (2008) ‘Migrant, tourist, pilgrim, monk: Mobility and identity in a global age’, Theological Studies, 69 (2): 340–56.

Coleman, S. and Eade, J. (2004), ‘Reframing pilgrimage’, in S. Coleman and J. Eade (eds), Reframing Pilgrimage, London: Routledge, pp. 1–26.

Couldry, N. (2003) Media Rituals. London: Routledge, ch. 5 (pp. 75-95). Download from

Dubisch, J. (2004) ‘“Heartland of America”: memory, motion and the (re)construction of history on a motorcycle pilgrimage’ in S. Coleman and J. Eade (eds) Reframing Pilgrimage: Cultures in Motion. London: Routledge, 105-32.

Eade, J. and Katić, M. (2017) Military Pilgrimage and Battlefield Tourism: Commemorating the Dead.  London: Routledge.

Eade, J. and Katić, M. (2016) Pilgrimage, Politics and Place-Making in Eastern Europe: Crossing the Borders. London: Routledge.

Eade, J. and Sallnow, M.J. (eds) (1991) Contesting the Sacred: The Anthropology of Christian Pilgrimage. London: Routledge.

Eade, John and Dionigi Albera (2015) International Perspectives on Pilgrimage Studies: Itineraries, Gaps and Obstacles. Abingdon: Routledge.

Frey, N. (1998) Pilgrim Stories: On and Off the Road to Santiago. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Gladstone, D.L. (2006)  From Pilgrimage to Package Tour: Travel and Tourism in the Third World. Abingdon: Routledge.

Graburn, N.H.H. (1977) ‘Tourism: The sacred journey’ in V. Smith (ed.) Hosts and Guests, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Graburn, N.H.H. (2004) ‘The Kyoto tax strike: Buddism, shinto and tourism in Japan’, in E. Badone and S.R. Roseman (eds) Intersecting Journeys, Chicago: University of Illinois.

Graburn, N.N.H. (1983) To Pray, Pay and Play, Aix en-Provence: Centre des Hautes Etudes Touristiques.  

Graburn, N.H.H. (2012) ‘The dark is on the inside: the honne of Japanese exploratory tourists’, in D. Picard and M. Robinson (eds.) Emotion in Motion. Farnham: Ashgate, 49-71.

Griffin, K. (2007) ‘The globalisation of pilgrimage tourism? Some Thoughts from Ireland’ Chapter 2 in Raj, R. & Morpeth, N. (Eds.) Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage Management: An International Perspective, CABI, Oxfordshire

Herrero Nieves and Sharon R. Roseman (2015) The Tourism Imaginary and Pilgrimages to the Edges of the World. Channel View Publications.

Howard, C. (2012) ‘Speeding up and slowing down: Pilgrimage and slow travel through time’, in S. Fullagar, K. Markwell and E. Wilson (eds) Slow Tourism. Bristol: Channel View, 11–24.

McKevitt, C. (1991). ‘San Giovanni Rotondo and the Shrine of Padre Pio’, in J. Eade and M.J. Sallnow (eds) Contesting the Sacred, London: Routledge.

Morinis, E.A. (1984) Pilgrimage in the Hindu Tradition: A Case Study of West Bengal. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Morinis, E.A. (1992) ‘The territory of the anthropology of pilgrimage’, in E.A. Morinis (ed.) Sacred Journeys: The Anthropology of Pilgrimage. Westport, Conn: Greenwood.

Morpeth, N.D. (2007) Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage Management: An International Perspective. Wallingford:  CABI.

Reader, I (1993) ‘Conclusion’, in I. Reader and T. Walter (es) Pilgrimage in Popular Culture. Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Sallnow, M.J. (1981) ‘Communitas reconsidered: The sociology of Andean pilgrimage’, Man, 16 (2): 163-82.

Sallnow, M.J. (1987) Pilgrims of the Andes: Regional Cults in Cusco. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Schramm, K. (2004) ‘Pilgrimage tourism in Ghana’, in S. Coleman and J. Eade (eds) Reframing Pilgrimage: Cultures in Motion. London: Routledge, 133-49.

Turner, V. (1974b) ‘Liminal to liminoid, play flow and ritual: an essay in comparative symbolology’, Rice University Studies, 50: 53–92.

Turner, V. and Turner, E. (1978) Image and Pilgrimage in Christian Culture: Anthropological Perspectives. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Tzanelli, R. (2013) Heritage in the Digital Era. Abingdon: Routledge.

Tzanelli, R. (2014) ‘Heritage entropy and tourist pilgrimage in Brave’s Scotland’, Hospitality & Society, 4 (2): 155–77. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 


Week 4 – 24 October (Rodanthi Tzanelli)

Thanatourism and dark tourism

Key readings (READ BOTH)

Stone, P. and Sharpley, R. (2008). ‘Consuming Dark Tourism: A Thanatological Perspective”. Annals of Tourism Research 35(2), 574-95.

Mowatt, R.A. and Chancellor, C.H. (2011), ‘‘Visiting death and life: dark tourism and slave castles’’, Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 38 No. 4, pp. 1410-1434.


Further reading

Aries, P. (1975). Western Attitudes toward Death: From the Middle Ages to the Present (Vol. 3). Maryland: John Hopkins University Press.

Ashworth, G. (2002), ‘‘Holocaust tourism: the experience of Krakow-Kazimierz’’, International Research on Geographical and Environmental Education, Vol. 11 No. 4, pp. 363-367.

Ashworth, G. (2004), ‘‘Tourism and the heritage of atrocity: managing the heritage of South Africa for entertainment’’, in Singh, T.V. (Ed.), New Horizons in Tourism: Strange Experiences and Stranger Practices, CAB International, Wallingford, pp. 95-108.

Ashworth, G.J. and Isaac, R.K. (2015) ‘Have we illuminated the dark? Shifting perspectives on ‘dark’ tourism’, Tourism Recreation Research, 40 (3): 316-325.

Bardis, P. D. (1986). “Thanatometer: A Scale for the Measurement of Awareness and Acceptance of Death.” South African Journal of Sociology 17 (3), 71-4.

Bardis, P.D. (1981). History of Thanatology: Philosophical, Religious, Psychological, and Sociological Ideas Concerning Death, from Primitive Times to the Present. Washington DC: University Press of America.

Biran, A., Poria, Y. and Oren G. (2011). “Sought Experience at Dark Heritage Sites.” Annals of Tourism Research 38 (3), 820-841

Blom, T. (2000), ‘‘Morbid tourism – a postmodern market niche with an example from Althorp’’, Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift, Vol. 54 No. 1, pp. 29-36.

Blom, T. (2000). “Morbid Tourism: A Postmodern Market Niche with an Example from Althrop”. Norwegian Journal of Geography 54 (1), 29-36.

Cohen, E. (2011), ‘‘Educational dark tourism at an in populo site: the Holocaust Museum in Jerusalem’’, Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 38 No. 1, pp. 193-209.

Dale, C. and Robinson, N. (2011), ‘‘Dark tourism’’, in Robinson, P., Heitmann, S. and Dieke, P. (Eds), Research Themes for Tourism, CAB International, Wallingford.

Dann, G. (1998), ‘‘The dark side of tourism’’, Etudes et rap, Serie L, Centre International de Recherches et d’Etudes Touristiques, Aix-en-Provence.  

Dunkley, R., Morgan, N. and Westwood, S. (2011), ‘‘Visiting the trenches: exploring meanings and motivations in battlefield tourism’’, Tourism Management, Vol. 32 No. 4, pp. 860-868.

Farmaki, A. (2013) ‘Dark tourism revisited: a supply/demand conceptualisation’, International Journal of culture, tourism and Hospitality Research, 7 (3), pp. 281-292.

Graburn, N.H.H. (2012) ‘The dark is on the inside: the honne of Japanese exploratory tourists’, in D. Picard and M. Robinson (eds.) Emotion in Motion: Tourism, Affect and Transformation Farnham: Ashgate, 49-71.

Hyde, K.F. and Harman, S. (2011), ‘‘Motives for a secular pilgrimage to the Gallipoli battlefields’’, Tourism Management, Vol. 32, pp. 1343-1351.

Iles, J. (2008), ‘‘Encounters in the fields – tourism to the battlefields of the Western Front’’, Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, Vol. 6 No. 2, pp. 138-154.

Isaac, R. Butler and Cacmak (eds) (2019) Tourism and Hospitality in Conflict-Ridden Destinations. Abingdon: Routledge.

Jamal, T., & Lelo, L. (2011). “Exploring the Conceptual and Analytical Framing of Dark Tourism: From Darkness to Intentionality”. In Tourist Experience: Contemporary Perspectives, 29-42.

Jeffreys, D.S. (2013). Spirituality in Dark Places: The Ethics of Solitary Confinement. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Kang, E.J., Scott, N., Lee, T.J. and Ballantyne, R. (2012), ‘‘Benefits of visiting a dark tourism site: the case of the Jeju April 3rd Peace Park, Korea’’, Tourism Management, Vol. 33, pp. 257-265.

Kang, E.J., Scott, N., Lee, T.J., & Ballantyne, R. (2012). “Benefits of Visiting a ‘Dark Tourism’ Site: The Case of the Jeju April 3rd Peace Park, Korea”. Tourism Management 33 (2), 257-65.

Korstanje, M. and George, B. (2017) Virtual Traumascapes and Exploring the Roots of Dark Tourism. Pittsburg: IGI Global.

Korstanje, M. & Ivanov, S. (2012). “Tourism as a Form of New Psychological Resilience: The Inception of Dark Tourism”. Cultur: Revista de Cultura e Turismo 6 (4), 56-71. Available online at

Korstanje, M. & Tarlow, P. (2012). “Being Lost: Tourism, Risk and Vulnerability in the post-‘9/11’ Entertainment Industry”. Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change 10 (1), 22-33.

Korstanje, M. (2011b). “Detaching the Elementary Forms of Dark-Tourism”. Anatolia 22 (3), 424-7.

Korstanje, M.E. (2014) Special Issue ‘Tourism and Terrorism’, International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage, 2 (1), Available from

Lennon, J.J. and Foley, M. (2000), Dark Tourism, Continuum, London.

Lennon, J.J. and Foley,M. (1996), ‘‘JFK and dark tourism: a fascination with assassination’’, International Journal of Heritage Studies, Vol. 2, pp. 198-211.

Logan, W. and Reeves, K. (2009), ‘‘Introduction: remembering places of pain and shame’’, in Logan, W. and Reeves, K. (Eds), Places of Pain and Shame: Dealing with ‘‘Difficult Heritage’’, Routledge, London, pp. 1-14.

Lowenthal, D. (1985), The Past is a Foreign Country, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Miles, W. (2002). “Auschwitz: Museum Interpretation and Darker Tourism”. Annals of Tourism Research 29 (4), 1175-8.

Pearce, P.L. (1993), ‘‘Fundamentals of tourist motivation’’, in Pearce, D.G. and Butler, R.W. (Eds), Tourism Research: Critiques and Challenges, Routledge, London.

Pearce, P.L. and Lee, U. (2005), ‘‘Developing the travel career approach to tourism motivation’’, Journal of Travel Research, Vol. 43 No. 3, pp. 226-237.

Poria, Y. (2007). “Establishing Cooperation Between Israel and Poland to Save Auschwitz Concentration Camp: Globalising the Responsibility for the Massacre”. International Journal of Tourism Policy 1 (1), 45-57. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (CHG 26/09/2019) 

Poria, Y. and Ashworth, G. (2009), ‘‘Heritage tourism – current resource for conflict’’, Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 36 No. 3, pp. 522-525.

Poria, Y., Butler, R. and Airey, D. (2004), ‘‘The meaning of heritage sites for tourists: the case of Massada’’, Tourism Analysis, Vol. 9 Nos 1/2, pp. 15-22. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Poria, Y., Reichel, A. and Biran, A. (2006), ‘‘Heritage site management: motivations and expectations’’, Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 33 No. 1, pp. 1172-1188.

Robb, E.M. (2009). “Violence and Recreation: Vacationing in the Realm of Dark Tourism”. Anthropology and Humanism 34 (1), 51-60.

Rojek, C. (1993), Ways of Escape, Macmillan, London.

Ryan, C. and Kohli, R. (2006), ‘‘The buried village – New Zealand – an example of dark tourism?’’, Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, Vol. 11, pp. 211-226.

Sather-Wagstaff, J. (2011). Heritage that Hurts: Tourists in the Memoryscapes of September 11 (Vol. 4). California: Left Coast Press.

Seaton, A. (1996), ‘‘Guided by the dark: from thanatopsis to thanatourism’’, International Journal of Heritage Studies, Vol. 2, pp. 234-244.

Seaton, A. (1999), ‘‘War and thanatourism: Waterloo 1815-1914’’, Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 26 No. 1, pp. 130-158.

Seaton, A. (2009), ‘‘Thanatourism and its discontents: an appraisal of a decade’s work with some future issues and directions’’, in Jamal, T. and Robinson, M. (Eds), The Sage Handbook of Tourism Studies, Sage Publications, London, pp. 521-542.

Seaton, A. and Lennon, J.J. (2004), ‘‘Moral panics, ulterior motives and alterior desires: thanatourism in the early 21st century’’, in Singh, T.V. (Ed.), New Horizons in Tourism: Strange Experiences and Stranger Practices, CAB International, Wallingford, pp. 63-82.

Seaton, A.V. (1996). “Guided by the Dark: From Thanatopsis to Thanatourism”. International Journal of Heritage Studies 2(4), 234-44.

Sharpley, R. (2005). “Travels to the Edge of Darkness: Towards a Typology of Dark Tourism”. In Taking Tourism to the Limits: Issues, Concepts and Managerial Perspectives, 217-28.

Sharpley, R. (2009), ‘‘Shedding light on dark tourism: an introduction’’, in Sharpley, R. and Stone, P. (Eds), The Darker Side of Travel: The Theory and Practice of Dark Tourism, Channel View Publications, Bristol, pp. 3-22.

Sharpley, R. and Stone, P. (2009), The Darker Side of Travel: The Theory and Practice of Dark Tourism, Channel View Publications, Bristol.

Slade, P. (2003) ‘Gallipoli Thanatourism: The Meaning of ANZAC’, Annals of Tourism Research, 30 (4): 779-94.  

Slade, P. (2003), ‘‘Gallipoli thanatourism: the meaning of ANZAC’’, Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 30 No. 4, pp. 779-794.

Smith, N. and Croy,W.G. (2005), ‘‘Presentation of dark tourism: TeWairoa, the Buried Village’’, in Ryan, C., Page, S. and Aitken, M. (Eds), Taking Tourism to the Limits: Issues, Concepts and Managerial Perspectives, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 199-213.

Smith, V. (1998), ‘‘War and tourism: an American ethnography’’, Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 25, pp. 202-227.

Stenning, A., Charlesworth, A., Guzik, R. and Paszkowski, M. (2008), ‘‘A tale of two institutions: shaping Oswiecim-Auschwitz’’, Geoforum, Vol. 39, pp. 401-413.

Stone, P. (2005), ‘‘Review: Dark tourism – cashing in on tragedy?’’, paper presented at the Tourism Society Seminar Event, 17 October, London, available at:

Stone, P. (2006), ‘‘A dark tourism spectrum: towards a typology of death and macabre related tourist sites, attractions and exhibitions’’, Tourism: An Interdisciplinary International Journal, Vol. 52, pp. 145-160. Available online at

Stone, P. (2012). “Dark Tourism as Mortality Capital”. Annals of Tourism Research 39(3), 1565-87.

Stone, P. and Sharpley, R. (2008), ‘‘Consuming dark tourism: a thanatological perspective’’, Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 35, pp. 574-595.

Stone, P. and Sharpley, R. (2008). “Consuming Dark Tourism: A Thanatological Perspective”. Annals of Tourism Research 35(2), 574-95.

Stone, P.R. (2012), ‘‘Dark tourism and significant other death: towards a model of mortality mediation’’, Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 39 No. 3, pp. 1565-1587.

Strange, C. and Kempa, M. (2003), ‘‘Shades of dark tourism: Alcatraz and Robben Island’’, Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 30 No. 2, pp. 386-405.

Strange, C., & Kempa, M. (2003). “Shades of Dark Tourism: Alcatraz and Robben Island”. Annals of Tourism Research 30(2), 386-405.

Taillon, J. (n.d.), ‘‘The case against thanatourism as a postmodern conceptualization: the role of societal-cultural factors in thanatourist motivation’’, MA thesis, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, available at:,%20Thanatourism

Tarlow, P.E. (2005), ‘‘Dark tourism: the appealing ‘dark’ side of tourism and more’’, in Novelli, M. (Ed.), Niche Tourism: Contemporary Issues, Trends and Cases, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 47-58.

Tzanelli, R. (2016) (2016) Thanatourism and Cinematic Representations of Risk: Screening the End of Tourism, New York & Abingdon: Routledge.

Wight, A.C. (2006). “Philosophical and Methodological Praxes in Dark Tourism: Controversy, Contention and the Evolving Paradigm”. Journal of Vacation Marketing 12(2), 119-29.


Week 5 – 31 October (Rodanthi Tzanelli)

Slum tourism

Key readings (READ TWO)

Frenzel, F. (2012) ‘Beyond “Othering”: The political roots of slum tourism’ in F. Frenzel, K. Koens and M. Steinbrink, Slum tourism. London: Routledge, 49-65.

Diekmann, A. and Hannam, K. (2012) ‘Touristic mobilities in India’s slum places’, Annals of Tourism Research, 39(3): 1315-36.

Linke, U. (2012) ‘Mobile imaginaries, portable signs: The global consumption of iconic representation of slum life’, Tourism Geographies, 14(2): 294-319.


Further reading

Baptista, J.A. (2012) ‘Tourism of poverty: The value of being poor in the non-governmental order’, in F. Frenzel, K. Koens and M. Steinbrink (eds) Slum Tourism. London: Routledge, 125-143.

Basu, K. (2012) ‘Slum tourism: For the poor, by the poor’, in F. Frenzel, K. Koens and M. Steinbrink (eds) Slum Tourism. London: Routledge, 66-82.

Dimitrova Savova, N. (2009) ‘Heritage kinaesthetics: Local constructivism and UNESCO’s intangible-tangible politics at a favela museum’, Anthropological Quarterly, 82 (2): 547-85.

Dürr, E. and R. Jaffe (2012) ‘Theorizing Slum Tourism: Performing, Negotiating and Transforming Inequality’, Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe / European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 93: 113-123.

Freire-Madeiros, B. (2009) ‘The favela and its touristic transits’, Geoforum, 40 (4): 280-8.

Freire-Medeiros, B. (2014) Touring Poverty. London: Routledge.

Frenzel, F. (2016) Slumming it: The Tourist Valorization of Urban Poverty. London: Zed.

Frenzel, F., Koens, K., Steinbink, M. and Rogerson, C.M. (2015). Slum tourism: State of the art. Tourism Review International, 18, 237–252. Available online at

Gomez, C. (2013) ‘Poorism As A Global Trend In The Field of Marketing: A Case Study on India’, COLLST – 499,

Jaguaribe, B. and Hetherington, K. (2004) ‘Favela tours: Indistinct and maples representations’, in M. Sheller and J. Urry (eds) Tourism Mobilities: Places to Play, Places in Play. London: Routledge, 155-66.

Koven, S. (2004) Slumming. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

McCann, B.  (2006) ‘The Political Evolution of Rio de Janeiro's Favelas: Recent Works’, Latin American Research Review, 41 (3): 149-163.

Meschkank, J. (2011) ‘Investigations into slum tourism in Mumbai: Poverty tourism and the tensions between different constructions of reality’, Geographical Journal, 76(1): 47-62.

Meschkank, J. (2012) ‘Negotiating poverty: The interplay between Dharavi’s production and consumption as a tourist destination’, in F. Frenzel, K. Koens and M. Steinbrink (eds), Slum Tourism. London: Routledge, 144-48.

Mowforth, M., C. Charlton and I. Munt (2008) ‘Local politics, poverty and tourism: the micro level of responsibility’ in Tourism and Responsibility: Perspectives from Latin America and the Caribbean, London: Routledge, 53-100.

Nisbett, M. (2017) ‘Empowering the empowered? Slum tourism and the depoliticization of poverty’, Geoforum, 85: 37-45.

Rolfes, M. (2010) ‘Slumming – empirical results and observational –theoretical considerations on township, favela and slum tourism’, in Richard Sharpley, Philip R. Stone (eds) Tourist Experience: Contemporary Perspectives, London: Routledge, 57-74.

Rolfes, M., Steinbrink, M. and Uhl, C. (2009) Townships as Attraction. Potsdam: Universitätsverlag. Available online at

Seaton, T. (2012) ‘The literary evolution of slumming’, in F. Frenzel, K. Koens and M. Steinbrink, Slum Tourism. London: Routledge, 21-48.

Stedman-Jones, G. (1971) Outcast London. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Steinbrink, M. (2012) ‘We did the slum! Urban poverty tourism in historical perspective’, Tourism Geographies, 14(2): 213-34.

Tzanelli, R. (2015) Mobility, Modernity and the Slum: The real and virtual journeys of Slumdog Millionaire, London: Routledge.

Williams, C. (2008) ‘Ghetto-tourism and voyeurism: Forays into literary and non-literary slumming’, Favela Bulletin of Latin American Research, 27(4): 400-40.


Week 6 – 7 November (Ben Hirst)

Creative Capitalism and the Enterprise Culture


Essential reading

Chiapello, Eve. 2004. The artist critique of management and capitalism. Third Text. 18(6): 585-594.

Further reading

Boltanski, Luc & Laurent Thévenot. 2006 [1991]. On Justification: Economies of Worth.  Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Boltanski, Luc & Eve Chiapello. 2007. The New Spirit of Capitalism. London: Verso.

Bridgstock, Ruth. 2012. Not a dirty word: Arts entrepreneurship and higher education. Arts and Humanities in Higher Education. 12(2-3): 122-137.

Bröckling, Ulrich. 2006. On Creativity: A brainstorming session. Educational Philosophy and Theory. 38(4): 513-521.

Chiapello, Eve and Nigel Fairclough. 2002. Understanding the new management ideology: a transdisciplinary contribution from critical discourse analysis and new sociology of capitalism. Discourse and Society. 13(2): 185–208

Dardot, Pierre and Christian Laval. 2013. The new way of the world: on neoliberal society. London: Verso. 

Du Gay, Paul. 2008. Against ‘Enterprise’ (but not against ‘enterprise’, for that would make no sense). Organization. 11(1): 37-57.

Flew, Terry. 2012. The Creative Industries: Culture and Policy. London: Sage.

Forkert, Kirsten. 2009. Artists as Executive, Executive as Artist. Variant 35, Summer 2009. Available at: [Accessed 5th October 2015]

Forkert, Kirsten. 2013. Artistic lives: a study of creativity in two European cities. Farnham: Ashgate.

Hewison, Robert. 2014. Cultural capital: the rise and fall of creative Britain. London, New York: Verso.

McRobbie, Angela. 2015. Be Creative: Making a Living in the New Culture Industries. Cambridge: Polity.

McRobbie, Angela. 2015. Is passionate work a neoliberal delusion? Open Democracy, 22nd April 2015. Available at:

McRobbie, Angela and Kirsten Forkert. 2009. Artists & Art Schools: For or against innovation? A reply to NESTA. Variant. 34, Spring 2009. Available at:

Raunig, Gerald, Gene Ray and Ulf Wuggenig. 2011. Introduction: on the strange case of ‘creativity’ and its troubled resurrection. In Gerald Raunig, Gene Ray and Ulf Wuggenig (eds). Critique of creativity: precarity, subjectivity and resistance in the ‘creative industries’. London: MayFly Books. 1-6.

Ross, Andrew. 2004. No-collar: the humane workplace and its hidden costs. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Ross, Andrew. 2009. Nice work if you can get it: life and labor in precarious times. New York: New York University Press.

Susen, Simon and Bryan S. Turner (eds.) 2014. The Spirit of Luc Boltanski: Essays on the ‘Pragmatic Sociology of Critique’. London: Anthem Press.


Week 7 – 14 November (Austin Harrington)

Politicizing cultural value: the example of feminist art history

Key Text Reading

Available at:

See also this video: John Berger, Ways of Seeing, episode 2 (BBC TV series, 1972)  (minutes 4-10)


Further Reading

Berger, J. (1972) Ways of Seeing. Ch 2, Penguin.

Borzello, F. and Rees, A.L. (1986) The New Art History. London: Camden Press.

Chadwick, W. (1996), Art, Women, and Society, Thames & Hudson.

Edwards, S. (ed.) (1999) ‘Academies, Museums and Canons of Art’, in Art and its Histories, Yale, Ch. 2, pp. 17-90.

Edwards, S. (ed.) (1999) ‘Gender and Art’, in Art and its Histories, Yale, Ch. 3, pp. 137-186.

Frow, J. (1995) Cultural Studies and Cultural Value, Oxford University Press.

Harrington, A. (2004) ‘Cultural Value and Political Value’, in Art and Social Theory, Polity Press, Ch. 2.

Mulvey, L. (1989) Visual and Other Pleasures, Macmillan.

Nochlin, L. (1989) Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists?  In Women, Art, and Power and Other Essays, Thames and Hudson.

Pollock, G. (1988) Vision and Difference: Femininity, Feminism and the Histories of Art.

Pollock, G. (1999) Differencing the Canon: Feminist Desire and the Writing of Art’s Histories, Routledge.


Week 8 – 21 November (Austin Harrington)

Culture and modernity: Walter Benjamin on film and photography

Key Text Reading

  • Walter Benjamin (1970) [1936] The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction, in Illuminations, ed. H. Arendt. Available in VLE

Further Reading

Benjamin, A. (ed.) (2005) Walter Benjamin, Continuum  

Buci-Glucksmann, C. (1994) Baroque Reason: The Aesthetics of Modernity, Sage.

Buck-Morss, S. (1989) The Dialectics of Seeing: Walter Benjamin and the Arcades Project, MIT Press.

Caygill, H. (1998) Walter Benjamin, Routledge.

Eagleton, T. (1982) Walter Benjamin: Towards a Revolutionary Criticism.

Frisby, D. (1985) Fragments of Modernity: Georg Simmel, Walter Benjamin, Siegfried Kracauer, Blackwell.

Gilloch, G. (2002) Walter Benjamin, Polity.

Hanssen, B. (1998) Walter Benjamin’s Other History, University of California Press.

Kracauer, S. (1995) The Mass Ornament: Weimar Essays, Harvard University Press.

Leslie, E. (2007) Walter Benjamin, Reaktion.

Simmel, G. (1997) [1911] ‘The Tragedy of Culture’, in Simmel on Culture, ed. D. Frisby and M. Featherstone, Sage.

Weber, M. (1948a) ‘The Aesthetic Sphere’, in From Max Weber, ed. H. Gerth and C. Wright Mills, Routledge, pp.

Wolin, R. (1996) Walter Benjamin: An Aesthetic of Redemption, University of California Press.


Week 9 – 28 November (Austin Harrington)

The mass culture debate: the Frankfurt School and its critics

Key Text Reading

Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno [1947] The Culture Industry, in The Dialectic of Enlightenment, Ch. 1.

Available at: 

Further Reading

Bernstein, J.M. (ed.) (1991) ‘Editor’s Introduction’, Theodor Adorno: The Culture Industry, Routledge.

Bottomore, T. (2002) The Frankfurt School and Its Critics.

Calhoun, C. (1996) From Modernism to Postmodernism: An Anthology, pp.219-225

Featherstone, M. (1991) Consumer Culture and Postmodernism, Sage.

Gans, H. (1999) Popular Culture and High Culture: An Analysis and Evaluation of Taste, 2nd edn, Basic Books.

Jay, M. (1996) The Dialectical Imagination: A History of the Frankfurt School and the Institute of Social Research, University of California Press.

Katz, A. (2000) Postmodernism and the Politics of "Culture", Westview Press.

Kellner, D. (1989) Postmodernism/Jameson/Critique, Maisonneuve.

Kellner, D. (2005) ‘Western Marxism’, in A. Harrington (ed.), Modern Social Theory, Oxford University Press, Ch. 6.

Kellner, D. and Best, S. (1997) The Postmodern Turn, Guilford Press.

Lash, S. and Lury, C. (2006) Global Culture Industry, Polity.

Munt, S. (ed.) (2000) Cultural Studies and the Working Class, Cassell.

Swingewood, A. (1977) The Myth of Mass Culture.

Wolin, R. (2006) The Frankfurt School Revisited: and Other Essays on Politics and Society.


Week 10 – 5 December (Austin Harrington)

Culture and religion: the new debate about secularization

Key reading

Austin Harrington, “Post-Secular Society”, in G. Delanty and S.P. Turner (eds) (2010), The Routledge International Handbook of Contemporary Social and Political Theory, 2010.

Available in VLE

Further Reading

Beck, U. (2010) A God of One's Own: Religion's Capacity for Peace and Potential for Violence, Polity.

Beckford, J. (2003) Social theory and Religion, Cambridge University Press.

Bellah, R, (2010) Religion in Human Evolution, Harvard University Press.

Bellah, R. and Joas, H. (eds) (2012) The Axial Age and its Consequences, Harvard University Press.

Bruce, S. (2002) God is Dead: Secularization in the West, Blackwell.

Casanova, J. (1994) Public Religions in the Modern World, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Introduction + Chapter 1, pp. 2-31; at

Davie, G. (2000) Religion in Modern Europe, Oxford University Press.

Davie, G. (2006) ‘Religion in Europe in the 21st Century: The Factors to take into Account’, European Journal of Sociology, 47 , 02, pp. 271-296

Davie, G. (2007) The Sociology of Religion, London: Sage.

Habermas, J. (2002) Religion and Rationality, Polity.

Habermas, J. (2007) Between Naturalism and Religion, Polity

Habermas, J., ‘Faith and Knowledge’ (2001), at:

Hamilton, M. (2001) The Sociology of Religion, Routledge.

Lash, S. (2010) Intensive Culture: Social Theory, Religion and Contemporary Capitalism, Sage.

Luckmann, T. (1967) The Invisible Religion, Macmillan.

Martin, D. (2005) On Secularization: Towards a Revised General Theory, Ashgate.

Milbank, J. (1990) Theology and Social Theory, Blackwell.

Stark, R. and Bainbridge, W. (1996) A Theory of Religion, Ruttgers University Press.

Taylor, C. (2007) A Secular Age, Harvard University Press.

Turner, B.S. (1991) Religion and Social Theory, Sage.

Turner, Bryan (2010) The New Blackwell Companion to The Sociology of Religion, Blackwell.

Turner, B. (2011) Religion and Modern Society: Citizenship, Secularisation and the State, Cambridge University Press.



This list was last updated on 05/09/2019