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Reading List

Political and Development Geographies: The shaping of the world, 2019/20, Semester 1
Dr Martin Purvis
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Some overarching text books

Heywood A (2014) Global Politics, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan (available as an e-book)

Jones, M; Jones, R; Woods, M; Whitehead, M; Dixon, D; and Hannah, M. (2015) An introduction to political geography : space, place and politics (2nd edition), Abingdon: Routledge.

Painter J & Jeffrey A (2009) Political geography : an introduction to space and power. 2nd edition. London: Sage.


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Week 1: Introduction

Key readings

Nye J S (2011) The future of power – especially Part 1 Types of Power – chapters on military power, economic power and soft power (available as e-book)

 Painter J & Jeffrey A (2009) Political geography : an introduction to space and power. 2nd edition. London: Sage. Chapter 1, p.4-18.

Jones, M; Jones, R; Woods, M; Whitehead, M; Dixon, D; and Hannah, M. (2015) An introduction to political geography : space, place and politics (2nd edition), Abingdon: Routledge. Chpt 1 Introduction: power, space and 'political geography'


Further reading

Dalby, S. (2010) ‘Recontextualising violence, power and nature: The next twenty years of critical geopolitics’, Political geography. 29:280–88.

Dodds, K. (2019) Geopolitics. A very short introduction (3rd edition), Oxford: Oxford University Press. Chpt 1 'What is geopolitics?'; Chpt 2 'Intellectual poison?'.

Haynes, J (2002) Politics in the developing world : a concise introduction. London: Blackwells.

Ó Tuathail, G and Dalby, S (1998) ‘Introduction: Rethinking Geopolitics: Towards a Critical Geopolitics’ in G Ó Tuathail and S. Dalby (eds.) Rethinking geopolitics (ch 1) OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (SRJ 06/11/2017) Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

Walton C D (2007) Geopolitics and the great powers in the twenty-first century : multipolarity and the revolution in strategic perspective (available as e-book)

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Block I: States and the development of the world

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Week 2: Enlightenment and modernity

Key readings

Linehan D (2009) “Modernity”. In Kitchin R & Thrift N (eds) International encyclopedia of human geography pp157-63

Ogborn M (2013) “Modernity and modernization”. In Cloke P, Crang P & Goodwin M (eds) Introducing Human Geographies (3rd edition) pp 480-492.


Further reading

Agnew J A (2003) Geopolitics: Re-visioning World Politics (2nd edition) – Chapter 3 “Turning time into space”

Berman M (1983) All that is solid melts into air : the experience of modernity – especially Chapter 1 “Introduction – modernity: yesterday, today and tomorrow”

Brayshay M (2009) “Capitalism and the division of labour”. In Kitchin R & Thrift N (eds) International encyclopedia of human geography pp 390-401

Bush B (2006) Imperialism and postcolonialism – Chapter 3 “Imperialism and modernity” especially pp 77-100

Daniels P, Bradshaw M, Shaw D & Sidaway J (eds) (2012) An Introduction to Human Geography (4th edition) - Chapter 1 “Pre-capitalist worlds”; Chapter 2 “The rise and spread of capitalism”

Gregory D et al (eds) (2009) Dictionary of Human Geography (5th edition) -entries on “Modernity”, “Postmodernity” and “Postmodernism”

Nash C (2000) “Historical geographies of modernity”. In Graham, B & Nash, C (eds) Modern historical geographies pp 13-40.

Ogborn M (1998) Spaces of modernity : London's geographies, 1680-1780, – Chapter 1 “Spaces of modernity”

Short J R (2012) Globalization, modernity, and the city – Chapter 3 “Metropolitan modernities” – especially pp 53-66 and 74-84

Withers C W J (2009) “Enlightenment geography”. In Kitchin R & Thrift N (eds) International encyclopedia of human geography pp 471-86


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Week 3: The origins of the modern state

Key readings

Agnew J A (2003) Geopolitics: Re-visioning World Politics (2nd edition) – Chapter 4 “A world of territorial states”

Jones M (2009) “State” In Kitchin R & Thrift N (eds) (2009) International encyclopedia of human geography pp 409-15

Jones, M; Jones, R; Woods, M; Whitehead, M; Dixon, D; and Hannah, M. (2015) An introduction to political geography : space, place and politics (2nd edition), Abingdon: Routledge. Chpt 2 States and territories; Chpt 3 The state's changing forms and functions


Further reading

Abramson S (2017) The economic origins of the territorial state, International organization. 71(1): 97-130

Blacksell M (2006) Political Geography – Chapter 3 “The idea of the state”

Flint C & Taylor P J (2011) Political Geography: World Economy, Nation-State and Locality (6th edition) – Chapter 4 “Territorial states”

Gunn S, Grummitt D & Cools H (2008) “War and the state in early modern Europe: widening the debate”, War in history. 15: 371-88

Le Galès P (2002) European cities : social conflicts and governance – Chapter 2 “The long history of the European city” – especially pp 40-52

Painter J & Jeffrey A (2009) Political geography : an introduction to space and power – Chapter 2 “State formation” – especially pp 30-38

Spruyt H (2002) “The origins, development, and possible decline of the modern state”, Annual review of political science. 5: 127-49 – especially pp 129-40

Tilly C (ed) (1975) The Formation of National States in Western Europe – especially Chapter 1 “Reflections on the history of European state-making” and Chapter 9 “Western state-making and theories of political transformation”

Tilly C (1989) “The geography of European state-making and capitalism since 1500”. In Genovese E D & Hochberg L (eds) Geographic perspectives in history, pp 158-81 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (SRJ 06/11/2017) Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

Tilly C (1989) “Cities and states in Europe, 1000-1800”, Theory and society. 18: 563-84

Tilly C (1990) Coercion, capital, and European states, AD 990-1990, – especially Chapter 1 “Cities and states in world history”; Chapter 2 “European cities and states”; Chapter 3 “How wars made states, and vice versa” Chapter 3 Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

Tilly C (1993) European revolutions, 1492-1992 – Chapter 2 “Transformations of Europe” – especially pp 21-35


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Week 4: Imperialism and colonialism

Key readings

Agnew J A (2003) Geopolitics: Re-visioning World Politics (2nd edition) – Chapter 5 “The three ages of geopolitics” – especially pp 85-101

Jones, M; Jones, R; Woods, M; Whitehead, M; Dixon, D; and Hannah, M. (2015) An introduction to political geography : space, place and politics (2nd edition), Abingdon: Routledge. Chpt 8 Geographies of empire

Power M (2009) “Empire”. In Kitchin R & Thrift N (eds) International Encyclopaedia of Human Geography pp 453-63


Further reading

Bell D (2016) Reordering the world : essays on liberalism and empire - Chapter 4 "Ideologies of empire" pp 91-118

Bush B (2006) Imperialism and postcolonialism – Chapter 1 “Untangling imperialism: comparisons over time and space”; Chapter 2 “Untangling imperialism: theories, concepts and historiography” especially pp 43-62

Burton A (2015) The trouble with empire : challenges to modern British imperialism - Chapter 1 "Introduction: the troubled ground of empire" pp 1-23

Butlin R A (2009) Geographies of empire : European empires and colonies, c.1880-1960 - Chapter 1 "Geography, imperialism and colonialism: concepts and frameworks" and Chapter 10 "Geographies of the 'civilising mission'"

Curtin, P D (2000) The world and the West : the European challenge and the overseas response in the age of empire – Chapter 1 “The pattern of empire”; Chapter 2 “Technology and power”; Chapter 3 “The politics of imperialism”

Flint C & Taylor P J (2018) Political Geography: World-Economy, (7th edition) – Chapter 3 “Geography of imperialisms”

Gopal P (2019) Insurgent Empire: Anticolonial Resistance and British Dissent. London: Verso.

Harris C (2004) “How did colonialism dispossess? Comments from an edge of empire” Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 94 (1): 165-182

Held D et al (1999) Global transformations : politics, economics and culture – Chapter 1 “The territorial state and global politics” – pp 32-49

Howe S (2002) Empire: A Very Short Introduction – Chapters 1-5

Kitchin R & Thrift N (eds) (2009) International Encyclopaedia of Human Geography: Lester A, “Colonialism I” pp 175-81; Atkinson D, “Colonialism II” pp 182-88

Jackson A (2013) The British Empire : a very short introduction

Lester A (2000) “Historical geographies of imperialism”. In Graham, B & Nash, C (eds) Modern historical geographies pp 100-20.

Lester A (2002) “Constructing colonial discourse: Britain, South Africa and the empire in the 19thC”. In Blunt A & McEwan C (eds) Postcolonial geographies pp 29-45

Painter J & Jeffrey A (2009) Political geography : an introduction to space and power – Chapter 8 “Imperialism and postcolonialism”

Phillips R (2013) “Colonialism and post-colonialism”. In Cloke P, Crang P & Goodwin M (eds) Introducing Human Geographies (3rd edition) pp 493-508.

Sharman J C (2018) Myths of military revolution: European expansion and Eurocentrism, European Journal of International Relations, 24(3), 491–513.

Sharman J C (2019) Power and profit at sea: the rise of the West in the making of the international system, International Security, 43(4): 163-196.

 Sharp J (2009) Geographies of Postcolonialism: Spaces of Power and Representation – Part 1 “Colonialisms” Steinmetz G (2005) “Return to empire: the new US imperialism in comparative historical perspective” Sociological theory. 23(4): 339-67

Wolfe P (2006) “Settler colonialism and the elimination of the native” Journal of genocide research. 8(4): 387-409

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Week 5: American empire - political and economic

Key readings

Duménil G and Lévy D (2004) “The economics of US imperialism at the turn of the 21st century” Review of international political economy. 11(4): 657-76

Nye J S (2011) The future of power – Chapter 6 Power transition: the question of American decline (available as an e-book)

Porter P (2018) Why America's Grand Strategy has not changed: power, habit, and the US foreign policy establishment, International security. 42(4): 9-46


Further reading

Bacevich A J (ed) (2013) The short American century : a postmortem

Brooks S G and Wohlforth W C (2016) The once and future superpower: why China won’t overtake the United States, Foreign affairs 96(3): 91-104

Cohen E A (2019) America's long goodbye: the real crisis of the Trump era, Foreign Affairs, 98(1), 138-146.

de Grazia V (2009) Irresistible empire : America's advance through twentieth-century Europe

Foreign Affairs (2017) Special Issue: Trump time, Foreign affairs 96(2) – useful papers on US relations with Russia, China, the Middle East, North Korea, plus policy on terrorism, and the implications of Trump’s presidency for the world order

Harvey D (2005) The New Imperialism – especially (but not only) Chapter 2 “How America’s power grew”

Ikenberry J (2017) The plot against American foreign policy: can the liberal order survive? Foreign affairs 96(3) 2-9

Kim D H (2004) “Empire’s entrails and the imperial geography of ‘Amerasia’” City : analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action. 8(1): 57-88

Long T (2016) The United States and Latin America: the overstated decline of a superpower, Latin Americanist 60(4): 497-524

Nelson F (2018) Trump vs NATO: the trade war is becoming a security crisis, The spectator. 16 June.

Norrlof C (2018) Hegemony and inequality: Trump and the liberal playbook, International affairs. 94(1): 63–88

Nye J S Jr (2019) The rise and fall of American hegemony from Wilson to Trump, International Affairs, 95(1): 63–80.

Posen B R (2018) The rise of illiberal hegemony: Trump's surprising grand strategy, Foreign affairs. 97(2), 20-27

Rouhi M (2018) US–Iran tensions and the oil factor, Survival, 60(5), 33-40.

Schweller R (2018) Three cheers for Trump's foreign policy: what the establishment misses, Foreign affairs. 97(5): 133-143

Slater D (1999) “Locating the American century: themes for a post-colonial perspective”. In Slater D & Taylor P J (eds) The American century : consensus and coercion in the projection of American power pp 17-31

Smith T (2012) America's Mission: the United States and the Worldwide Struggle for Democracy (available as an e-book)

Stokes D (2018) Trump, American hegemony and the future of the liberal international order, International affairs. 94(1): 133–150

Taylor P J (1999) “Locating the American century: a world systems analysis”. In Slater D & Taylor P J (eds) The American century : consensus and coercion in the projection of American power pp 1-16

Trubowitz P and Harris P (2019) The end of the American century? Slow erosion of the domestic sources of usable power, International Affairs,95(3): 619–639.

Zakaria F (2019) The self-destruction of American power: Washington squandered the unipolar moment, Foreign Affairs, 98(4): 10-16.

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Week 7: Russia and the West - a state of mutual incomprehension?

Key readings

Gotz E (2017) Putin, the state and war: the causes of Russia's Near Abroad assertion revisited, International Studies Review 19: 228-253 Available at:

Lukyanov F (2016) Putin’s foreign policy: the quest to restore Russia’s rightful place, Foreign affairs 95(3): 30-37


Further reading

Ademmer E, Delcour L and Wolczuk K (2016) Beyond geopolitics: exploring the impact of the EU and Russia in the “contested neighbourhood”, Eurasian geography and economics. 57(1): 1-18

Clark J R (2019) Russia’s indirect grand strategy, Orbis, 63(2): 225-239.

Clunan A (2018) Russia and the Liberal World Order, Ethics and international affairs , 32(1): 45-59

Feklyunina V (2016) Soft power and identity: Russia, Ukraine and the “Russian world(s)”, European journal of international relations. 22(4): 773-796

Foreign Affairs (2016) Special Issue: Putin’s Russia, Foreign affairs 95(3) – see especially (but not only): Kotkin S, Russia’s perpetual geopolitics: Putin returns to the historical pattern (pp 2-9); Trenin D, The revival of the Russian military: how Moscow reloaded (pp 23-29); Treisman D, Why Putin took Crimea: the gambler in the Kremlin (pp 47-55)

Götz E (2015) It's geopolitics, stupid: explaining Russia's Ukraine policy, Global Affairs 1(1): 3-10 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (MAA 13/09/2017) 

Hill W H (2019) Russia’s search for a place in Europe, Survival, 61(3), 93-102.

Kuzio T (2018) Russia–Ukraine crisis: the blame game, geopolitics and national identity, Europe-Asia studies. , 70(3): 462-473

Lewis D G (2018) Geopolitical imaginaries in Russian foreign policy: the evolution of ‘Greater Eurasia’, Europe-Asia Studies, 70(10), 1612-1637.

Lewis, S (2019) Russia’s continued aggression against Ukraine, The RUSI Journal, 164(1): 18-26.

McFaul M (2018) Russia as it is: grand strategy for confronting Putin, Foreign affairs. 97(4), 82-91

Nitoiu C (2016) Towards conflict or co-operation? The Ukraine crisis and EU-Russia relations, Southeast European and Black Sea studies. 16(3): 375-390

O’Loughlin J, Toal G and Kolosov V (2016) Who identifies with the “Russian World”? Geopolitical attitudes in south-eastern Ukraine, Crimea, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, and Transnistria, Eurasian geography and economics. 57(6): 745-778

O’Loughlin J and Toal G (2019) The Crimea conundrum: legitimacy and public opinion after annexation, Eurasian Geography and Economics, 60(1), 6-27.

Pieper M (2018) Russkiy mir: the geopolitics of Russian compatriots abroad, Geopolitics. (

Roberts K (2017) Understanding Putin: the politics of identity and geopolitics in Russian foreign policy discourse, International journal. 72(1): 28-55

Rumer E, Sokolsky R and Weiss A S (2017) Trump and Russia: the right way to manage relations, Foreign affairs 96(2): 12-19

Siddi M (2018) The role of power in EU–Russia energy relations: the interplay between markets and geopolitics, Europe-Asia Studies, 70(10), 1552-1571.

Suslov M (2018) “Russian World” concept: post-Soviet geopolitical ideology and the logic of “Spheres of Influence”, Geopolitics. 23(2): 330-353

Toal G (2017) Near abroad : Putin, the West and the contest over Ukraine and the Caucasus (available as an e-book)

Tsygankov A P (2013) Russia’s Foreign Policy. Change and Continuity in National Identity – Chapter 7 ‘Global instability and Russia’s search for a new direction’ (Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield) pp 207-230 (e-book)

Tsygankov A P (2015) Vladimir Putin's last stand: the sources of Russia's Ukraine policy, Post-Soviet affairs. 31(4): 279-303

Wengren S K (ed) (2016) Putin’s Russia: Past Imperfect, Future Uncertain (6th edition) (London: Rowman & Littlefield) especially Part III Russia and the World (e-book)


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Week 8: China - a new superpower?

 Key readings

Blanchard, J-M F and Flint C (2017) The geopolitics of China’s Maritime Silk Road initiative, Geopolitics. 22(2): 223-245

Ghemawat P and Hout T (2016) Can China’s companies conquer the world? The overlooked importance of corporate power, Foreign affairs 95(2): 86-98

Nordin A H M, Weissmann M (2018) Will Trump make China great again? The Belt and Road initiative and international order, International affairs. 94(2): 231–249


Further reading

African Studies Quarterly (2016) Special Issue: China-Africa Relations: Political and Economic Engagement and Media Strategies, African studies quarterly [electronic resource]. 16(3-4) (

Alden C and Jiang L (2019) Brave new world: debt, industrialization and security in China-Africa relations, International Affairs, Volume 95, Issue 3, May 2019, Pages 641–657.

Cai K G (2018) The One Belt One Road and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank: Beijing’s new strategy of geoeconomics and geopolitics, Journal of contemporary China. (

Garlick J (2018) Deconstructing the China–Pakistan Economic Corridor: pipe dreams versus geopolitical realities, Journal of contemporary China. 27(112): 519-533

Goldman Sachs (2003). Dreaming with BRICs: The Path to 2050. Global Economics Paper No. 99. Available at:

Guardian (2018) Cities of the New Silk Road (good journalistic coverage of the One Belt-One Road initiative, and specific projects connected with it)

Inkster N (2019) The Huawei affair and China's technology ambitions, Survival, 61(1), 105-111.

International Affairs (2016) Special Issue: Chinese foreign policy on trial: contending perspectives? International affairs. 92(4) – especially (but not only) articles on a “new type of Great Power relations”; China and its neighbourhood; China and the USA; “One Belt, One Road”; China and the EU

Kennedy A B and Lim D J (2018) The innovation imperative: technology and US-China rivalry in the twenty-first century, International Affairs, Volume 94, Issue 3, May 2018, Pages 553–572.

Lin S, Sidaway J D and Yuan Woon C (2019) Reordering China, respacing the world: Belt and Road Initiative (一带一路) as an emergent geopolitical culture, The Professional Geographer, 71(3), 507-522.

Lind J (2018) Life in China's Asia: What regional hegemony would look like, Foreign affairs. 97(2) 71-82

Mayer M (2018) China’s historical statecraft and the return of history, International Affairs, 94(6): 1217–1235.

McGregor, R. (2019) How the state runs business in China, Guardian 25 July

Pu X and Wang C (2018) Rethinking China’s rise: Chinese scholars debate strategic overstretch, International Affairs, 94(5): 1019–1035.

Rolland N (2017) China’s “Belt and Road Initiative”: underwhelming or game-changer? The Washington quarterly. 40(1): 127-142

Schreer B (2017): Towards contested ‘Spheres of Influence’ in the Western Pacific: rising China, classical geopolitics, and Asia-Pacific stability, Geopolitics. (

Scobell A (2018) The South China Sea and US‐China rivalry, Political science quarterly. 133(2): 199-224

Sudworth J (2018) China's hidden camps, BBC News (

Tang S (2018) China and the future international order(s), Ethics and international affairs , 32(1): 31-43

Tella O (2016) Wielding soft power in strategic relations: an analysis of China’s powers of attraction in Africa and the Middle East, Africa review 8(2): 133-144 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (MAA 13/09/2017) 

Ying, F (2016) How China sees Russia: Beijing and Moscow are close but not allies, Foreign affairs 95(1):96-105

Zhao S (2018) China and the South China Sea arbitration: geopolitics versus international law, Journal of contemporary China. , 27(109): 1-15


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Weeks 9 & 10: European political geographies

Key readings

Bachmann V and Sidaway J D (2016) Brexit geopolitics, Geoforum. 77:47-50

European Commission (2018) White Paper on the Future of Europe: Reflections and Scenarios for the EU27 by 2025 (

Kaufmann S and Lohaus M (2018) Ever closer or lost at sea? Scenarios for the future of transatlantic relations Futures. 97: 18-25


Further reading

Bachmann, V. and Sidaway, J.D. (2009) ‘Zivilmacht Europa: a critical geopolitics of the European Union as a global power’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 34, pp. 94-109.

Baimbridge M (2018) The impact of the economic crisis on Euroscepticism in B Leruth, N Startin & S Usherwood (eds) The Routledge Handbook of Euroscepticism [electronic resource] (Abingdon: Routledge) pp 427-443 (e-book)

Browning C S (2018) Geostrategies, geopolitics and ontological security in the Eastern neighbourhood: The European Union and the ‘new Cold War’, Political geography. 62: 106-115.

Bulmer S (2018) Germany and the European Union: post-Brexit hegemon? Insight Turkey 20(3): 11-28 Available at:

Dedman, M J (2009) The origins and development of the European Union 1945-2008 : a history of European integration

Diez T (2004) Europe's others and the return of geopolitics, Cambridge Review of International Affairs 17(2): 319-335

Grygiel J (2016) The return of Europe’s nation-states: the upside to the EU’s crisis, Foreign affairs. 95(5): 94-101

Hastings Dunn D and Webber M (2016) The UK, the European Union and NATO: Brexit’s unintended consequences, Global Affairs 2(5): 471-480 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (MAA 13/09/2017) 

Heffernan, M (1998) The meaning of Europe : geography and geopolitics – Chapter 4 “The European ideal? United in division. divided in unity”

Jones E and Menon A (2019) Europe: between dream and reality? International Affairs, 95(1): 161–180.

Kagan R (2019) The new German question: what happens when Europe comes apart, Foreign Affairs, 98(3), 108-121.

Klinke I (2018) Geopolitics and the political right: lessons from Germany, International affairs. 94(3): 495-514

Krastev I (2018) Eastern Europe's illiberal revolution: the long road to democratic decline, Foreign affairs. 97(3): 49-59

Krotz U & Schild J (2018) Back to the future? Franco-German bilateralism in Europe's post-Brexit union, Journal of European public policy. 25(8): 1174-1193

Less T (2018) The great schism, The New statesman. 147 (Issue 5441 - 19 October): 22-25

Pap N and Glied V (2018) Hungary’s turn to the East: Jobbik and Islam, Europe-Asia Studies, 70(7), 1036-1054.

Polyakova A and Haddad B (2019) Europe alone: what comes after the Transatlantic alliance, Foreign Affairs, 98(4), 109-120.

Wæver O (2018) A Post-Western Europe: strange identities in a less Liberal World Order, Ethics and international affairs 32(1): 75-88

Wivel A and Wæver O (2018) The power of peaceful change: the crisis of the European Union and the rebalancing of Europe's regional order, International Studies Review 20: (317-325) Available at:

Woods N (2016) The European disunion: how the continent lost its way, Foreign affairs 95(1): 160-165


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Week 11: Shifting world orders?

Allison, G (2015) The Thucydides trap. Are the US and China headed for war?, The Atlantic 24 September

Csurgai G (2018) The increasing importance of geoeconomics in power rivalries in the twenty-first century, Geopolitics, 23(1), 38-46.

Haass R (2019) How world order ends: and what comes in its wake, Foreign Affairs, 98(1), 22-30.

Kang D C and Ma X (2018) Power transitions: Thucydides didn’t live in East Asia, The Washington Quarterly, 41(1), 137-154.

Leonard, M (2019) The new age of clashing empires, New Statesman 1 November, 23-25

Mandelbaum M (2019) The new containment: handling Russia, China, and Iran, Foreign Affairs, 98(2), 123-131.

Mastro O (2019) The stealth superpower: how China hid its global ambitions, Foreign Affairs, 98(1), 31-39.

Tsereteli M (2018) Can Russia’s quest for the New International Order succeed? Orbis 62(2): 204-219.



This list was last updated on 14/11/2019