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Wilderness & Rewilding Reading List

Management of Wilderness and Global Ecosystems, 2019/20, Semester 1, 2
Dr Stephen Carver
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue
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Agee, J. K. (1988). Ecosystem management for parks and wilderness (Vol. 65). University of Washington Press. 
Carver, S. J., & Fritz, S. (2016). Mapping wilderness [electronic book] : concepts, techniques and applications. Springer. 
Dawson, C. P., & Hendee, J. C. (2009). Wilderness management: Stewardship and protection of resources and values. Fulcrum Pub. 
Pereira, H. M. (2015). Rewilding European landscapes. L. M. Navarro (Ed.). New York: Springer. 
Taylor, P. (2013). Beyond conservation : a wildland strategy. Routledge.

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Carver, S., Evans, A. J., & Fritz, S. (2002). Wilderness attribute mapping in the United Kingdom. International journal of wilderness, 8 (1), 24-29. 

Carver, S. J. (2005). 35 Mountains and wilderness: identifying areas for restoration. Mountains of Northern Europe: Conservation, Management, People and Nature, 13, 365. Available online here

Carver, S., Comber, A., McMorran, R., & Nutter, S. (2012). A GIS model for mapping spatial patterns and distribution of wild land in Scotland. Landscape and urban planning., 104 (3), 395-409.

Carver, S., & Washtell, J. (2012, April). Real-time visibility analysis and rapid viewshed calculation using a voxel-based modelling approach. In Proceedings of the Twentieth Annual GIS Research UK Conference, Lancaster, United Kingdom. Available online at:

Carver, S., Tricker, J., & Landres, P. (2013). Keeping it wild: Mapping wilderness character in the United States. Journal of environmental management., 131, 239-255.

Carver, S. (2013). rewilding and habitat restoration. The Routledge Companion to Landscape Studies, 383.

Carver, S., McCool, S., Krenova, Z., Fisher, M., & Woodley, S. (2014). Fifty years of wilderness science: An international perspective. International journal of wilderness, 20(2), 36-42.

Carver, S. (2014). Making real space for nature: a continuum approach to UK conservation. ECOS.., 35 (3-4), 4-14.

Carver, S. (2016). Flood management and nature–can rewilding help? . ECOS., 37 (1), 32-42.

Carver, S. (2016). Rewilding… conservation and conflict. ECOS., 37, 2.

Ceaușu, S., Hofmann, M., Navarro, L. M., Carver, S., Verburg, P. H., & Pereira, H. M. (2015). Mapping opportunities and challenges for rewilding in Europe. Conservation biology., 29 (4), 1017-1027.

Ceauşu, S., Carver, S., Verburg, P. H., Kuechly, H. U., Hölker, F., Brotons, L., & Pereira, H. M. (2015). European wilderness in a time of farmland abandonment. In Rewilding European landscapes (pp. 25-46). Springer International Publishing. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Comber, A., Carver, S., Fritz, S., McMorran, R., Washtell, J., & Fisher, P. (2010). Different methods, different wilds: Evaluating alternative mappings of wildness using fuzzy MCE and Dempster-Shafer MCE. Computers, environment and urban systems., 34 (2), 142-152.

Diemer, M., Held, M., & Hofmeister, S. (2003). Urban wilderness in Central Europe. International journal of wilderness, 9 (3), 7-11.

Dymond, C., Carver, S., & Phillips, O. (2003). Investigating the environmental cause of global wilderness and species richness distributions. In Seventh World Wilderness Congress Symposium: Science and Stewardship to Protect and Sustain Wilderness Values. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah, USA. Available online at:

Jones-Walters, L., & Čivić, K. (2010). Wilderness and biodiversity. Journal for Nature Conservation, 18 (4), 338-339.

Kliskey, A. D., & Kearsley, G. W. (1993). Mapping multiple perceptions of wilderness in southern New Zealand. Applied geography., 13 (3), 203-223.

Kliskey, A. D. (1994). A comparative analysis of approaches to wilderness perception mapping. Journal of environmental management., 41 (3), 199-236.

Kliskey, A. D. (1998). Linking the wilderness perception mapping concept to the recreation opportunity spectrum. Environmental management., 22 (1), 79-88.

Lesslie, R. G., & Taylor, S. G. (1985). The wilderness continuum concept and its implications for Australian wilderness preservation policy. Biological conservation., 32 (4), 309-333.

Mittermeier, R. A., Myers, N., Thomsen, J. B., Da Fonseca, G. A., & Olivieri, S. (1998). Biodiversity hotspots and major tropical wilderness areas: approaches to setting conservation priorities. Conservation biology., 12 (3), 516-520.

Olafsdottir, R., & Runnström, M. C. (2011). How wild is Iceland? Wilderness quality with respect to nature-based tourism. Tourism geographies, 13 (2), 280-298.

Orsi, F., Geneletti, D., & Borsdorf, A. (2013). Mapping wildness for protected area management: A methodological approach and application to the Dolomites UNESCO World Heritage Site (Italy). Landscape and urban planning., 120, 1-15.

Watson, A., Matt, R., Waters, T., Gunderson, K., Carver, S., & Davis, B. (2008, April). Mapping tradeoffs in values at risk at the interface between wilderness and non-wilderness lands. In Proceedings of the international symposium on fire economics, planning, and policy: common problems and approaches (Vol. 29, pp. 375-388). Available online at:

Watson, A., Carver, S., Matt, R., Waters, T., Gunderson, K., & Davis, B. (2013). Place Mapping to Protect Cultural Landscapes on Tribal Lands. In Place-based conservation : perspectives from the social sciences (pp. 211-222). Springer Netherlands.

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Carver, S., & Wrightham, M. (2007). Shrinking wild lands: Assessing human intrusion in the highlands of Scotland, 1870 to 2004, using geographical information systems. Available online:

Carver, S., Comber, L., Fritz, S., McMorran, R., Taylor, S., & Washtell, J. (2008). Wildness Study in the Cairngorms National Park. University of Leeds.Available online at:

Carver, S., Comber, L., McMorran, R., Nutter, S., & Washtell, J. (2011). Wildness Study in the Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park. Final report, 77. Available online at:

Kuiters, A. T., van Eupen, M., Carver, S., Fisher, M., Kun, Z., & Vancura, V. (2011). Wilderness register and indicator for Europe final report. Available online at:

Lesslie, R. G., & Maslen, M. (1995). National wilderness inventory Australia. Australia Government Pub. Service. Available online at:

Tricker, J., Landres, P., Dingman, S., Callagan, C., Stark, J., Bonstead, L., ... & Carver, S. (2012). Mapping wilderness character in Death Valley National Park. Available online at:

This list was last updated on 22/09/2017