Skip to main content

Module Reading List

The Media and Democratisation: Global Perspectives, 2019/20, Semester 1
Nour Halabi
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Bernhagen, P. 2009 ‘Measuring democracy and democratization’. In Haerpfer, C.W., Bernhagen, P., Inglehart, R. F., and Welzel, C. (eds.) Democratization Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 24-40. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Blankson, I. A. and Murphy, P. D. 2007 Negotiating democracy : media tranformations in emerging democracies. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Bratton, M. and van de Walle, N. 1994 ‘Neopatrimonial regimes and political transitions in Africa’. World politics., 46 (4): 453-489

Brants, K. and Voltmer, K. (eds.) 2011 Political communication in postmodern democracy : challenging the primacy of politics. Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan.

Bohman, J. 2007 ‘Political communication and the epistemic value of diversity: Deliberation and legitimation in media societies’. Communication theory : a journal of the International Communication Association. 17 (4), pp. 348-355

Cabañes, JVA and Cornelio JS 2017 ‘The rise of trolls in the Philippines (and what we can do about it)’. In Curato, N. (ed.) A Duterte reader: Critical essays on Rodrigo Duterte’s early presidency. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, pp. 231-250. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (SRJ 01/11/2017)   

Carrington, T. and Nelson, M. 2002 ‘Media transition: The hegemony of economics’. In The World Bank (ed.) The right to tell : the role of mass media in economic development. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, pp. 225-245. Available from:

Chakravartty, P. and Roy, S. (eds.) 2015 ‘Special issue: Modi and the media: Indian politics and electoral aftermath’. Television & New Media, 16(4).

Chan, J. M. and Lee, F. L. F. (eds.) 2008 Media and politics in post-handover Hong Kong. Abingdon: Routledge.

Christians, C. G. et al 2009 Normative theories of the media : journalism in democratic societies. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.

Chua, B.H. 2017 ‘Liberalism disavowed’. Liberalism disavowed : communitarianism and state capitalism in Singapore ISBN: 9781501713446 (pbk. ; alk. paper); 9781501713439 (cloth ; alk. paper); 1501713434; 1501713442 disavowed. Ithaca, NY and London: Cornell University Press, pp. 50-73. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  

Ciaglia, A. 2015 ‘Explaining public service broadcasting entrenched politicization: The case of South Africa’s SABC’. Journalism., online first. doi: 10.1177/1464884915614245

Cohen-Almagor, R. 2006 ‘The scope of tolerance and its moral reasoning’. The scope of tolerance : studies on the costs of free expression and freedom of the press Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 15-34.

Coronel, S. S. 2001 The role of media in deepening democracy. Available from:

Collier, P. 2009 Wars, guns and votes : democracy in dangerous places. London: Bodley Head.

Curran, J. 1996. ‘Media and democracy: The third route’. In Andersen, M. B. (ed.), Media and democracy. Oslo: University of Oslo Press, pp. 53–76. - Not available within the library

Dahl, R.A. 2000 ‘What is democracy? ’. On democracy. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, pp. 44-61. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Davies, K., and Crawford, E., 2013 ‘Legal avenues for ending impunity for the death of journalists in conflict zones: Current and proposed international agreements. International Journal of Communication, 7(1): pp. 2157-2177.

de Albaquerque, A. 2013 ‘Media/politics connections: beyond political parallelism’. Media, culture & society., 25(6), pp. 742-758

de Bustamante, C. G. and Relly, J. E. 2015 ‘Professionalism under threat of violence: Journalism, reflexivity, and the potential for collective professional autonomy in northern Mexico’. Journalism studies. ISSN: 1461-670x, online first, doi.10.1080/1461670X.2015.1006903

Diamond, L. and Plattner, M. F. (eds.) Democracy in East Asia. Baltimore, MD and London: Johns Hopkins University Press. Donsbach, W. 2008 ‘Journalists’ role perceptions’. The international encyclopedia of communication, vol. 6. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 2605-2610.

Doyle, G. 2002 Media ownership : the economics and politics of convergence and concentration in the UK and European media. London: Sage.

Dryzek, J. S. and Holmes, L. 2002 Post-Communist democratization : political discourses across thirteen countries. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Esser, F. and Pfetsch, B. 2004 ‘Meeting the challenges of global communication and political integration: The significance of comparative research in a changing world.’ In Pfetsch, B. and Esser, F. (eds.) Comparing political communication : theories, cases, and challenges Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 384-410.

Fourie, P. J. 2003 ‘The future of public service broadcasting in South Africa: The need to return to basic principles’. Communicatio : South African journal for communication theory and research, 29 (1&2): pp. 148-181.

Galtung, J. 2002 'Peace Journalism - A Challenge' In Kempf, W. et al. (eds) Journalism and the new world order, Vol. 2. Studying the War and the Media. Gothenburg: Nordicom, pp. 259-272.

George, C. 2005 Contentious journalism and the Internet : toward democratic discourse in Malaysia and Singapore. Singapore: Singapore University Press.

Grugel, J. 2002 Democratization : a critical introduction. Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Hackett, R. A. and Carroll, W. K. 2006 ‘Introduction: Beyond the media’s democratic deficit? ’ Remaking media : the struggle to democratize public communication Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 1-18.

Hallin, D. 1986 The "uncensored war" : the media and Vietnam. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hallin, D. C. and Mancini, P. 2004 Comparing media systems: Three models of media and politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hanitzch, T. et al 1998 ‘Worlds of journalism: Journalistic cultures, professional autonomy, and perceived influences across 18 nations’. In Weaver D. H. (ed.) The global journalist : news people around the world Creskill, N.J.: Hampton Press. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Haynes, J. 2001 Democracy in the developing world : Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East. Cambridge: Polity.

Hughes, S. and Lawson, C. H. 2004 ‘Propaganda and crony capitalism: Partisan bias in Mexican television news’. Latin American research review. 39 (3), pp. 81-105.

Huntington, S. P. 1991 ‘Democracy's third wave’. Journal of democracy., 2(2): pp. 12-34.

Jebril, N., Stetka, V., and Loveless, M. 2013 Media and democratisation: What is known about the role of mass media in transitions to democracy. Oxford: Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism—University of Oxford.Available online:

Kang, D. C. 2002 Crony capitalism : corruption and development in South Korea and the Philippines. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Khoo, K. B T., Loh, F. Democracy in Malaysia : discourses and practices Richmond, VA: Curzon, pp. 111-137.

Kraidy, M. 2002 ‘Arab satellite television between regionalization and globalization’. Global media journal 1 (1). Available from:

Kraidy, M. 2009 Reality television and Arab politics: Contention in public life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kwak, K.S. ‘Newspapers and democracy’. Media and democratic transition in South Korea. London: Routledge, pp. 70-90.

Lagerkvist, J. 2010. After the internet, before democracy : competing norms in Chinese media and society. Bern: Peter Lang AG.

LaMay C. L. 2009 Exporting press freedom. New Brunswich, NJ: Transaction Publishers.

Lee, T. 2014 ‘Media governmentality in Singapore’. In Kenyon, A. T., Marjoribanks, T., and Whiting, A. (eds.) Democracy, media and law in Malaysia and Singapore : a space for speech London and New York, NY: Routledge, pp. 25-44.

Lugo-Ocando, J. (ed.), The media in Latin America. Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill Education.

Lynch, J. 2008 Debates in peace journalism. Sydney: University of Sydney Press.s

Lynch, J. and Galtung J. 2010 Reporting conflict : new directions in peace journalism. St. Lucia: Queensland University Press.

Lynch, L. and McGoldrick, A. 2005 Peace journalism, war and conflict resolution. Gloucestershire, Hawthorne Press.

Masse, M. 2011 Trauma journalism : on deadline in harm's way. New York, NY: Continuum.

Matos, C. 2011 ‘Media and democracy in Brazil’ Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture, 8 (1), pp. 178-196.

Matos, C. 2012 Media and politics in Latin America [electronic resource] : globalization, democracy and identity: London: I.B. Tauris

McCargo, D. 2003 Media and politics in Pacific Asia. London: RoutledgeCurzon, pp. 1-18.

McCargo, D. 2012 ‘Partisan polyvalence: Characterising the political role of Asian media’. In Hallin, D. and Mancini, P. (eds.) Comparing media systems beyond the Western world Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 201-223.

McChesney, R. 1999 Rich media, Poor democracy: Communication politics in dubious times. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.

McQuail, D. 1994 Mass communication theory, 3rd ed. London: Sage.

Meyer, T. with Hinchman, L. 2000 Media democracy : how the media colonize politics. Cambridge: Polity.

Mickiewicz, E. 2008 Television, power, and the public in Russia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mughan, A. and Gunther, R. 2000 ‘The media in democratic and nondemocratic regimes: A multilevel perspective’. In Gunther, R. and Mughan A. (eds.) Democracy and the media : a comparative perspective Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1-27. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Ndanam, L. N. 2009 ‘”All of us have taken Gombo”: Media pluralism and patronage in Cameroonian journalism’. Journalism., 10 (6), pp. 819-842.

Norris, P. 2000 A virtuous circle : political communications in postindustrial societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Norris, P. and Odugbemi, S. 2009. ‘Evaluating media performance’. In Norris, P. (ed.) Public sentinel : news media & governance reform. Washington D.C.: The World Bank. Available from:

Nyamnjoh, F. 2005 Africa's media, democracy and the politics of belonging. London and New York, NY: Zed.

O’Donnell, G. and Schmitter, P.C. 1986 Transitions from authoritarian rule. Tentative conclusions about uncertain democracies. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press

O’Neill, P. H. 1998 Communicating democracy : the media and political transitions. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.

Open Society Justice Initiative (2008) The price of silence: The growing threat of soft censorship in Latin America. New York: Open Society Institute. Available online:

Picard, R. G. 1999 ‘Implications of the changing business model of the newspaper industry’. International Newspaper Financial Executives Quarterly Journal, 5, pp. 2-5. - Available online: 

Pfetsch, B. and Esser, F. (eds.) 2004 Comparing political communication : theories, cases, and challenges. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pfetsch, B. and Voltmer, K. 2012 ‘Negotiating control: Political communication cultures in Bulgaria and Poland’. The international journal of press/politics., 17 (4), pp. 388-406.

Pritchard, D. 2014 ‘The norms that govern journalism: An ecological approach’. In Wyatt, W. (ed.) The ethics of journalism : individual, institutional and cultural influences. London: I.B. Tauris, pp.1-12. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Przeworski, A. et al 1995 Sustainable democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Przeworski, A. 1999 ‘Minimalist conception of democracy: A defense’. In Shapiro, I. and Hacker-Cordon, C. (eds.) Democracy’s value. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 12-17. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Ramirez, M. M. 2014. ‘Professionalism and journalistic ethics in post-authoritarian Mexico: Perceptions of news for cash, gifts, and perks. In Wyatt, W. (ed.) The ethics of journalism : individual, institutional and cultural influences. London: I.B. Tauris, pp.85-106.

Rhee, J.W. et al. 2011 ‘South Korean media system: Toward a democratization model’. Korean Social Sciences Review, 1 (1): 303-337. Available online at

Romano, A. 2003 ‘The envelope please’. Politics and the press in Indonesia : understanding an evolving political culture London: Routledge, pp. 150-163.

Romano, A. and Bromley, M. (eds.) 2005 Journalism and democracy in Asia. London and New York, NY: Routledge.

Roudakova, N. 2008 ‘Media-Political Clientelism: Lessons from Anthropology’. Media, culture & society. 30 (1), pp. 41-59

Rozumilowicz, B. 2002 ‘Democratic change: A theoretical perspective’. In Price, M.E., Rozumilowicz, B., and Verhulst, S. G. (eds.) Media reform : democratizing the media, democratizing the state London: Routledge, pp. 9-26

Schumpeter, J.1976 Capitalism, socialism, and democracy. London: Allen and Unwin.

Schneider, C. and Schmitter, P. 2004 ‘Liberalization, transition and consolidation: measuring the components of democratization’. Democratization., 11(5): pp. 59-90.

Seib, P. (ed.) 2007 New media and the new Middle East. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

Siebert, F. S., Peterson, T. and Schramm, W. 1963/2000 Four theories of the press : the authoritarian, libertarian, social responsibility, and Soviet communist concepts of what the press should be and do. Stratford, N.H. : Ayer.

Shapiro, I. and Hacker-Cordon, C. (eds.) Democracy’s value. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Steele, J. 2009 ‘Development journalism.’ In Sterling, C. H. (eds.) Encyclopedia of journalism. London: Sage.

Strömbäck, J. 2008 ‘Four phases of mediatization: An analysis of the mediatization of politics’. The international journal of press/politics., 13(3): pp. 228-246.

Sükösd, M. & Bajomi-Lázár, P. (eds.) 2003 Reinventing media : media policy reform in East-Central Europe, Budapest: Central European University Press.

Taki, M. and Coretti, L. (eds.) ‘Special issue: The role of social media in the Arab uprisings—past and present’. Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture, 9 (2).

Vanhanen, T. 2003 Democratization : a comparative analysis of 170 countries. London and New York, NY: Routledge.

Voltmer, K. 2012 ‘How far can media systems travel? Applying Hallin and Mancini’s comparative framework outside the Western world’. In Hallin, D. and Mancini, P. (eds.) Comparing media systems beyond the Western world Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 224-245.

Voltmer, K. 2013 ‘Complex transitions and uncertain outcomes: The media and democratization over time’. The media in transitional democracies Cambridge and Malden, MA: Polity, pp. 72-114.

Waisbord, S. 2000 Watchdog journalism in South America : news, accountability, and democracy. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Waisbord, S. 2007 ‘Democratic journalism and “statelessness”’. Political communication. 24 (2), pp. 115-129.

Waisbord, S. 2013. Reinventing professionalism : journalism and news in global perspective. Cambridge and Malden, MA: Polity.

Whitehead, L. 2002 ‘On democracy and democratization’. Democratization: Theory and experience. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 6-35.

Willems, W. 2012 ‘Interrogating public sphere and popular culture as theoretical concepts on their value in African studies’. Africa Development, 37 (1). pp. 11-26. Available from:

Willems, W. 2014 ‘Provincializing hegemonic histories of media and communication studies: towards a genealogy of epistemic resistance in Africa’ . Communication theory : a journal of the International Communication Association. 24 (4). pp. 415-434.

Wilnat, L. and Aw, A. 2009 ‘The big unknown: Conclusions about political communication in Asia’. In Wilnat, L. and Aw, A. (eds.) Political communication in Asia London and New York, NY: Routledge, pp. 216-228.

Zhao, Y. 1998 Media, market, and democracy in China : between the party line and the bottom line. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.

This list was last updated on 09/10/2017