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LAW3172
Module Reading List

Crime, Law and Social Change: Crime and Criminal Justice in Historical Perspective, 2019/20, Semester 1, 2
Dr Henry Yeomans
H.P.Yeomans@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Reading lists

The university library has a wealth of books that cover issues raised within the module. The following reading lists indicate the important readings that will be referred to in lectures and seminars You are expected to read at least one or two relevant readings each week (in addition to seminar preparation work). You should use these lists to help you identify relevant material for your essay preparation. When preparing for the assessment, be aware that additional specific reading materials will be cited within lecture handouts and these may also be useful.

Core Reading

There is no one key book which is used for this module. However, the following books are good general resources as each covers much of the material dealt with in this module. Those highlighted in bold are probably the most suitable if you intend to buy a book (although note the timeframes for the Emsley books).

Briggs, John, Harrison, Christopher, McInnes, Angus and Vincent, David (1996), Crime and Punishment in England: An Introductory History, UCL Press: London. Available as an ebook through the library.

Emsley, Clive (2010), Crime and Society in England 1750-1900, Longman: Harlow.

Emsley, Clive (2011), Crime and Society in Twentieth Century England, Longman: Harlow.

Godfrey, Barry and Lawrence, Paul (2011), Crime and Justice 1750-1950, Routledge: London.

Godfrey, Barry, Lawrence, Paul and Williams, Chris A. (2007), History and Crime, Sage: London.

Gray, Drew (2016), Crime, Policing and Punishment in England, 1660-1914, Bloomsbury: London.

Hay, Douglas, Linebaugh, Peter, Rule, John, Thompson, Edward and Winslow, Cal (1977), Albion’s Fatal Tree, Peregrine: Norwich.

Kilday, Anne-Marie, and Nash, David (2010), Histories of Crime: Britain 1600-2000, Palgrave: Basingstoke.

Knepper, Paul and Johansen, Anja (2016), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice, Oxford University Press: Oxford.

Supplementary Reading [with comments]

These books are recommended as they are relevant to several parts of the module (although not necessarily all of it).

Churchill, David (2018), Crime Control and Everyday Life in the Victorian City: The Police and the Public, Oxford University Press: Oxford. [Covers policing, prosecution and other responses to crime in the Victorian period. Nb. This book should be available shortly after publication in January 2018.]

Cox, David J. (2013), Crime in England 1688-1815, Routledge: London.

Emsley, Clive (1991) The English Police: A Political and Social History, Harvester Wheatsheaf: London. [As the name suggests, a history of the English police.]

Godfrey, Barry (2014), Crime in England 1880-1945: the Rough and the Criminal, the Policed and the Incarcerated, Routledge: London.

Foucault, Michel (1991) Discipline and Punish, Penguin: London. [Seminal examination of changes in punishment.]

Johnston, Helen (2015), Crime in England 1815-1880: Experiencing the Criminal Justice System, Routledge: London.

Pinker, Stephen (2011), The Better Angels of Our Nature, Penguin: London. [A wide-ranging history of violence.]

Rowbotham, Judith and Stevenson, Kim (2003), Behaving Badly: Social Panic and Moral Outrage – Victorian and Modern Parallels, Ashgate: Aldershot. [An edited collection of useful chapters which span various aspects of crime history.]

Rowbotham, Judith and Stevenson, Kim (2005), Criminal Conversations, Ohio State University Press: Ohio. [Another useful edited collection which focuses specifically on the nineteenth century.]

Taylor, David (2010), Hooligans, Harlots and Hangmen: Crime and Punishment in Victorian Britain, Praeger: Santa Barbara. Thompson, E.P. (1980), The Making of the English Working Class, Middlesex: Penguin. [Hugely significant piece of social history. Chapters 3 and 4 are particularly relevant to crime and social class.]

Thompson, E.P. (1977), Whigs and Hunters, Penguin: Middlesex. [An important analysis of the Black Act 1723 and the establishment of the Bloody Code.]

Thompson, E.P. (1993), Customs in Common, Penguin: Middlesex. [Collection of fascinating chapters which relating to some aspect of deviance and social control in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.]

Turner, Jo, Taylor, Paul, Morley, Sharon and Corteen, Karen (2017), A Companion to the History of Crime and Criminal Justice, Policy Press: Bristol. [Very useful reference book containing an A-Z of important topics in this subject area.]

Wiener, Martin (1994), Reconstructing the Criminal, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

Wiener, Martin 2004), Men of Blood: Violence, Manliness and Criminal Justice in Victorian England, Cambridge University press: Cambridge. [An examination of male violence in the Victorian period.]

Historiographical Reviews

Churchill, David C. (2014), ‘Rethinking the State Monopolisation Thesis: the Historiography of Policing and Criminal Justice in Nineteenth-Century England’, Crime, History and Societies Vol.18 (1), pp.131-152.

Emsley, Clive (2005), ‘Filling in, Adding up, Moving on: Criminal Justice History in Contemporary Britain’, Crime, History and Societies Vol.9 (1), pp.117-138.

Emsley, Clive (2007), ‘Historical Perspectives on Crime’ in The Oxford Handbook of Criminology, fourth edition, edited by Maguire, Mike, Morgan, Rod and Reiner, Robert, Oxford University Press: Oxford.

Knepper, Paul (2015), Writing the History of Crime, Bloomsbury: London.

Lawrence, Paul (2016), ‘The Historiography of Crime and Criminal Justice’ in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice, edited by Paul Knepper and Anja Johansen, Oxford University Press: Oxford, pp.17-37.

Smith, Bruce P. (2007), ‘English Criminal Justice Administration, 1650-1850: a Historiographic Essay’, Law and History Review Vol.25 (3), pp.593-634.

Williams, Chris A. (2008), ‘Ideologies, Structures, and Contingencies: Writing the History of British Criminal Justice since 1975’, Revue Française de Civilisation Britannique Vol.14, pp.59-84. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/42795442_Ideologies_structures_and_contingencies_writing_the_history_of_British_criminal_justice_since_1975

Other Useful Resources

Lecture specific reading lists

You should read one or two lecture specific items from this list prior to each weekly lecture. Items which provide a broad introduction to each lecture topic have been highlighted with an asterisk (*). But, to ease pressure on library resources, a number of items are listed for each week. There are also some readings which offer more specific and/or developed analysis. Do not worry if you cannot get the asterisked items – there are many useful readings for each topic. The important thing is that you are completing reading regularly.

Week 1 - Introduction

Emsley, Clive (2011), Crime and Society in Twentieth Century England, Pearson: Harlow. Chapters 1 and 2.

Emsley, Clive (2010), Crime and Society in England 1750-1900, Longman: Harlow, Chapters 1 and 2.

Lawrence, Paul (2016), ‘The Historiography of Crime and Criminal Justice’ in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice, edited by Paul Knepper and Anja Johansen, Oxford University Press: Oxford, pp.17-37.

*Lea, John (2006), ‘Criminology and History’, https://web.archive.org/web/20160331005152/http:/www.bunker8.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/history/36801.htm [accessed 27/9/19].

Wiener, Martin (1990) Reconstructing the Criminal, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, Chapter 1.

Yeomans, Henry (2019), ‘Historical Context and the Criminological Imagination: Towards a Three Dimensional Criminology’, Criminology and Criminal Justice Vol.19 (4), pp.456-474.

Week 2 – The Bloody Code and Property Crime

Briggs, John, Harrison, Christopher, McInnes, Angus and Vincent, David (1996), Crime and Punishment in England: An Introductory History, UCL Press: London, Chapter 7.

Bushaway, Bob (1982) By Rite: Custom, Ceremony and Community in England, 1700-1880, Junction: London.

Godfrey, Barry and Lawrence, Paul (2011), Crime and Justice 1750-1950, Routledge: London, Chapter 4.

*Hay, Douglas (1977), ‘Property, Authority and the Criminal Law’, in Albion’s Fatal Tree edited by Hay, Douglas, Linebaugh, Peter, Rule, John, Thompson, Edward and Winslow, Cal, Peregrine: Norwich, pp.17-63.

Hay, Douglas (1977), ‘Poaching and the Game Laws on Cannock Chase’, in Albion’s Fatal Tree edited by Hay, Douglas, Linebaugh, Peter, Rule, John, Thompson, Edward and Winslow, Cal, Peregrine: Norwich, pp.189-253.

King, Peter (1989) ‘Gleaners, Farmers and the Failure of Legal Sanctions in England, 1750-1850’, Past and Present Vol.125 (1), pp.116-150.

Langbein, John (1983), 'Albion's Fatal Flaws', Past & Present. Vol.93, pp.96-120.

*National Archive, ‘Did Governments in this period decide what kinds of people were to be regarded as criminals?’, http://nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/candp/crime/g04/default.htm

Rule, John G. (1977), ‘Wrecking and Coastal Plunder’, in Albion’s Fatal Tree edited by Hay, Douglas, Linebaugh, Peter, Rule, John, Thompson, Edward and Winslow, Cal, Peregrine: Norwich, pp.167-188.

Thompson, E.P. (1963), The Making of the English Working Class, Victor Gollancz: London.

Thompson, E.P. (1977), Whigs and Hunters, Penguin: Middlesex.

Thompson, E.P. (1993), Customs in Common, Penguin: Middlesex, Chapter 3.

Week 3 – The ‘Criminal Class’ in the Nineteenth Century

Agar, A.W. (2014), Crime and Poverty in Nineteenth Century England, Bloomsbury: London

Bailey, V. (1993), 'The Fabrication of Deviance: dangerous classes and criminal class in Victorian England' in Protest and Survival : the Historical Experience : Essays for E.P. Thompson , edited by J. Rule and R.Malcolmson, pp. 221-256.

Briggs, John, Harrison, Christopher, McInnes, Angus and Vincent, David (1996), Crime and Punishment in England: An Introductory History, UCL Press: London, Chapter 9.

*Emsley, Clive (2010), Crime and Society in England 1750-1900, Longman: Harlow, Chapters 3 and 7.

Godfrey, Barry, Lawrence, Paul and Williams, Chris A. (2007), History and Crime, Sage: London, Chapter 5.

*Godfrey, Barry and Lawrence, Paul (2011), Crime and Justice 1750-1950, Routledge: London, Chapter 7.

King, Peter (2000), Crime, Justice and Discretion in England, 1740-1820 , Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Melossi, Dario (2000), 'Changing Representations of the Criminal', British Journal of Criminology. Vol.40, pp.296-320.

Thompson, E.P. (1980), The Making of the English Working Class, Middlesex: Penguin, chapter 3.

Week 4 – Work, Industry and Discipline

*Emsley, Clive (2010), Crime and Society in England 1750-1900, Longman: Harlow, Chapters 6.

Emsley, Clive (2011), Crime and Society in Twentieth Century England, Pearson: Harlow. Chapters 5.

Godfrey, Barry (1999), ‘Law, Factory Discipline and “Theft”: The Impact of the Factory on Workplace Appropriation in Mid-Late Nineteenth Century’, British Journal of Criminology Vol. 39 (1), pp.56-71.

*Godfrey, Barry and Lawrence, Paul (2011), Crime and Justice 1750-1950, Routledge: London, Chapter 9.

Godfrey B. and Cox D (2013), Policing the Factory: Theft, Private Policing and the Law in Modern England, Bloomsbury: London

Thompson, E.P. (1991a), The Making of the English Working Class, Middlesex: Penguin [especially pp.569-659].

Thompson, E.P. (1993), Customs in Common, Penguin: Middlesex, Chapter 6.

Watkiss-Singleton, Ros (2014) ‘“Crime? No, it Wasn’t Really a Crime”: Using Oral History and Memoirs to Teach Crime History’, Law, Crime and History Vol.4 (1), https://pearl.plymouth.ac.uk/handle/10026.1/8896

Week 5 – Criminal ‘Others’: White Collar Crime

*Emsley, Clive (2010), Crime and Society in England 1750-1900, fourth edition, Longman: Harlow, Chapter 6.

Locker, John P. (2005), ‘“Quiet Thieves, Quiet Punishment”: Private Responses to the “Respectable” Offender, c.1850-1930’, Crime, History and Societies Vol.9 (1), pp.9-31.

Robb, George (1992), White-Collar Crime in Modern Britain: Financial Fraud and Business Morality 1845-1929, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

Robb, George (2006), ‘Women and White-Collar Crime: Debates on Gender, Fraud and the Corporate Economy in England and America, 1850–1930’, The British Journal of Criminology, Vol.46 (6), pp.1058-1072.

Sindall, Rob (1983), ‘Middle-Class Crime in Nineteenth-Century England’, Criminal Justice History Vol.4, pp.23-40. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY GW 30/10/2019) 

Taylor, James (2013), Boardroom Scandal: the Criminalisation of Company Fraud in Nineteenth-Century Britain, Oxford University Press: Oxford.

Taylor, James (2017), ‘White-Collar Crime and the Law in Nineteenth-Century Britain’, Business History, forthcoming. [Online]. Available from: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00076791.2017.1339691

Wilson, Sarah (2006), ‘Law, Morality and Regulation: Victorian Experiences of Financial Crime’, The British Journal of Criminology Vol.46 (6), pp.1073-1090.

*Wilson, Sarah (2010), ‘Fraud and White Collar Crime: 1850 to the Present’ in Histories of Crime: Britain 1600-2000, edited by Kilday, Anne-Marie and Nash, David, Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke, pp.141-159.

*Wilson, Sarah (2014), The Origins of Modern Financial Crime: Historical Foundations and Current Problems in Britain, Routledge: London.

Week 6 – Criminal ‘Others’: Gender

Bailey, Joanne (2010), ‘Cruelty and Adultery: Offences Against the Institution of Marriage’, in Histories of Crime: Britain 1600-2000, edited by Kilday, Anne-Marie, and Nash, David, Palgrave: Basingstoke, pp.39-59.

D’Cruze, Shani and Jackson, Louise (2009), Women, Crime and Justice in England since 1660, Palgrave: Basingstoke.

*Emsley, Clive (2010), Crime and Society in England 1750-1900, Longman: Harlow, Chapters 4.

Feeley, Malcolm and Little, Deborah (1991), ‘The Vanishing Female: The Decline of Women in the Criminal Process, 1687-1912’, Law and Society Review Vol. 25, pp.719-757.

Gatrell, Vic (1994), The Hanging Tree, Oxford University Press: Oxford, Chapter 13.

*Godfrey, Barry and Lawrence, Paul (2011), Crime and Justice 1750-1950, Routledge: London, Chapter 8.

Godfrey B. (2013), ‘A Historical Perspective on Criminal Justice Responses to Female and Male Offending’, in Oxford Handbook on Gender, Sex, and Crime edited by McCarthy W. and Gartner R., Oxford, Oxford University Press.

King, Peter (2000) Crime, Justice and Discretion in England 1740-1820, Oxford University Press: Oxford, pp 196-207 and 278-288.

King, Peter (2006), Crime and Law in England, 1750-1840, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Chapter 6.

Malcolmson, R.W. (1977), ‘Infanticide in the eighteenth century’, in J. Cockburn (ed.), Crime in England 1550-1800, Princeton University Press: Princeton.

Rowbotham, Judith, (2000) ‘“Only When Drunk”: the stereotyping of violence in England, c.1850-1900’, in Everyday Violence in Britain, 1850-1950, edited by Shani D’Cruze, Pearson: Essex, pp.155-159.

Wiener, Martin J. (2004), Men of Blood: Violence, Manliness and Criminal Justice in Victorian England, CUP: Cambridge.

Zedner, Lucia (1991), Women, Crime and Custody in Victorian England, Oxford University Press: Oxford.

Week 7 – Criminal ‘Others’: Juveniles

Cox, Pamela (2002), Gender, Justice and Welfare: Bad Girls in Britain, 1900-1950, Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke.

Davies, Andrew (1998), ‘Youth Gangs, Masculinity and Violence in Late Victorian Manchester and Salford’, Journal of Social History, Vol. 32(2), pp.349-369.

Emsley, Clive (2011), Crime and Society in Twentieth-Century England, Longman: Harlow. Chapter 4.

*Godfrey, Barry and Lawrence, Paul (2015), Crime and Justice since 1750, second edition, Routledge: London. Chapter 8.

Gray, Drew D. (2016), Crime, Policing and Punishment in England, 1660-1914, Bloomsbury: London. Chapter 8.

Humphries, Stephen (1995), Hooligans or Rebels? An Oral History of Working-Class Childhood and Youth 1889-1939, Blackwell: Oxford. Especially chapters 6-8.

King, Peter (1998), ‘The Rise of Juvenile Delinquency in England 1780-1840: Changing Patterns of Perception and Prosecution’, Past and Present, Vol. 160, pp.116-166.

King, Peter (2006), Crime and Law in England, 1750-1840: Remaking Justice from the Margins, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge. Chapters 3-4.

May, Margaret (1973), ‘Innocence and Experience: The Evolution of the Concept of Juvenile Delinquency in the mid-Nineteenth Century’, Victorian Studies, Vol. 17(1), pp.7-29.

*Muncie, John (2015), Youth & Crime, fourth edition, Sage: London. Chapter 2.

*Pearson, Geoffrey (1983), Hooligan: A History of Respectable Fears, Macmillan: Basingstoke.

Shore, Heather (1999), Artful Dodgers: Youth and Crime in Early Nineteenth-Century London, Boydell Press: Woodbridge.

Week 8 – Criminal ‘Others’: Ethnicity

Conley, Carolyn (2007), Certain Other Countries: Homicide, Gender and National Identity in Late Nineteenth-Century England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, Ohio State University Press: Ohio.

Crymble, Adam (2017), ‘How Criminal were the Irish? Bias in the Detection of London Currency Crime, 1797-1821’, The London Journal, forthcoming. [Online]. Available from: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/03058034.2016.1270876

*Emsley, Clive (2005), Hard Men: the English and Violence since 1750, Hambledon and London: London, Chapter 5.

Englander, David (2010), ‘Policing the Ghetto: Jewish East London, 1880-1920’, Crime, History and Societies, Vol. 14(1), pp.29-50.

*Godfrey, Barry, Lawrence, Paul and Williams, Chris A. (2008), History and Crime, Sage: London, Chapter 6.

King, Peter (2013) ‘Ethnicity, Prejudice, and Justice: the Treatment of the Irish at the Old Bailey, 1750-1825’, Journal of British Studies, Vol.52 (2), pp.390-414.

King, Peter and Wood, John Carter (2015), ‘Black People and the Criminal Justice System: Prejudice and Practice in Later Eighteenth‐ and Early Nineteenth‐Century London’, Historical Research Vol.88 (239), pp.100-124.

Linebaugh, Peter (1991), The London Hanged: Crime and Civil Society in the Eighteenth Century, Penguin: London, Chapter 9.

Nijhar, Preeti (2006), ‘Imperial Violence: The “Ethnic” as a Component of the “Criminal” Class in Victorian England’, Liverpool Law Review Vol.27 (3), pp.337-360.

Swift, Roger (1989), ‘Crime and the Irish in Nineteenth-Century Britain’ in The Irish in Britain, 1815-1939, edited by Roger Swift and Sheridan Gilley, Rowman and Littlefield: London.

*Swift, Roger (1997), ‘Heroes or Villains? The Irish, Crime, and Disorder in Victorian England’, Albion Vol.29 (3), pp.399-421.

Whitfield, James (2004), Unhappy Dialogue: the Metropolitan Police and Black Londoners in Post-War Britain, Cullompton: Willan.

Week 9 and 10 – History of Violence 1 and 2

Carter-Wood, John (2003), 'Self-Policing and the Policing of the Self: Violence, Protection and the Civilizing Bargain in Britain', Crime, History and Society Vol.7 (1), pp.109-128.

D’Cruze, Shani (2010) ‘Murder and Fatality: The Changing Face of Homicide’, in Histories of Crime: Britain 1600-2000, edited by Kilday, Anne-Marie, and Nash, David, Palgrave: Basingstoke, pp.100-119.

*Eisner, Manuel (2001), ‘Modernization, Self-Control and Lethal Violence: The Long Term Dynamics of European Homicide Rates in Theoretical Perspective’, British Journal of Criminology Vol. 41 (4), pp.618-638.

Eisner, Manuel (2003), 'Long Term Historical Trends in Violent Crime', Crime and Justice Vol. 30, pp.83-142. Available at: http://www.vrc.crim.cam.ac.uk/vrcresearch/paperdownload/manuel-eisner-historical-trends-in-violence.pdf

Eisner, Manuel (2008), 'Modernity Strikes Back: A Historical Perspective on the Latest Increase in Interpersonal Violence (1960-1990)', International Journal of Conflict and Violent Vol.2 (2), pp.288-316.

Eisner, Manuel (2011), ‘Killing Kings: Patterns of Regicide in Europe, AD 600-1800’, British Journal of Criminology Vol.51 (3), pp.556-577.

Elias, Norbert (1994), The Civilizing Process, Blackwell: Oxford.

Godfrey, Barry and Lawrence, Paul (2011), Crime and Justice 1750-1950, Routledge: London, Chapter 6.

Gurr, Ted Robert (1981), ‘Historical Trends in Violent Crime: A Critical Review of the Evidence’, Crime and Justice Vol. 3, pp.295-353.

Hall, Steve and Wilson, David (2014) ‘New Foundations: Pseudo-Pacification and Special Liberty as Potential Cornerstones for a Multi-Level Theory of Homicide and Serial Murder’, European Journal of Criminology Vol. 11 (5), pp.633-655.

Johnson, Eric A and Monkonnen, Eric H. (1996),The Civilization of Crime : Violence in Town and Country since the Middle Ages , University of Illinois Press: Illinois. See especially the chapter by Peter Spierenburg.

Pinker, Stephen (2011), The Better Angels of Our Nature, Penguin: London.

Spierenburg, Peter (2008), A History of Murder. Personal Violence in Europe from the Middle Ages to the Present, Polity Press: Cambridge.

Week 11 – Review of the Semester

Semester 2

Week 14 - Policing 1: Reform and Governance

Beattie, J.M. (2012), The First English Detectives: the Bow Street Runners and the Policing of London, 1750-1840, Oxford University Press: Oxford.

Churchill, David (2015), ‘Local Initiative, Central Oversight, Provincial Perspective: Governing Police Forces in Nineteenth-Century Leeds’, Historical Research Vol.88 (241), pp.458-481.

Churchill, David (2018), Crime Control and Everyday Life in the Victorian City: The Police and the Public, Oxford University Press: Oxford, Chapters 1-2.

*Emsley, Clive (1991), The English Police: a Political and Social History, Pearson: Harlow.

Emsley, Clive (2010), Crime and Society in England 1750-1900, Longman: Harlow, Chapter 9.

Gatrell, V.A.C. (1990), ‘Crime, Authority and the Policeman-State’ in The Cambridge Social History of Britain, Vol. 3, edited by Thompson, F.M.L., Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, pp.243-310.

Godfrey, Barry and Lawrence, Paul (2015), Crime and Justice since 1750, Routledge: London, Chapter 2.

*Godfrey, Barry, Lawrence, Paul and Williams, Chris A. (2008), History and Crime, Sage: London, Chapter 4.

Paley, Ruth (1989), ‘An Imperfect, Inadequate and Wretched System? Policing London before Peel’, Criminal Justice History Vol.10, pp.95-130.

*Philips, David (1980), “A New Engine of Power and Authority”: the Institutionalisation of Law Enforcement in England, 1780-1830’, in Crime and the Law: the Social History of Crime in Western Europe since 1500, edited by Gatrell, V.A.C., Lenman, Bruce and Parker, Geoffrey, Europa: London, pp.155-189.

Reynolds, Elaine A. (1998), Before the Bobbies: the Night Watch and Police Reform in Metropolitan London, 1720-1830, Macmillan: Basingstoke.

Shpayer-Makov, Haia (2002), The Making of a Policeman: a Social History of a Labour Force in Metropolitan London, 1829-1914, Ashgate: Aldershot.

Steedman, Carolyn (1984), Policing the Victorian Community: the Formation of English Provincial Police Forces 1856-80, Routledge and Kegan Paul: London.

Taylor, David (1997), The New Police in Nineteenth-Century England: Crime, Conflict and Control, Manchester University Press: Manchester, Chapters 2-3.

Williams, Chris A. (2010) ‘Policing the Populace: The Road to Professionalism’, in Histories of Crime: Britain 1600-2000, edited by Kilday, Anne-Marie, and Nash, David, Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke, pp.160-179.

Williams, Chris A. (2011), ‘Rotten Boroughs: the Crisis of Urban Policing and the Decline of Municipal Independence 1914-64’, in Police and Policing in the Twentieth Century, edited by Williams, Chris A., Ashgate: Aldershot, 2011, pp.3-23.

Williams, Chris A. (2014), Police Control Systems in Britain, 1775-1975: from Parish Constable to National Computer, Manchester University Press: Manchester.

Week 15 - Policing 2: Experiences

Churchill, David (2014), ‘“I am just the man for Upsetting you Bloody Bobbies”: Popular Animosity towards the Police in Late Nineteenth-Century Leeds’, Social History Vol.39 (2), pp.248-266.

Churchill, David (2018), Crime Control and Everyday Life in the Victorian City: The Police and the Public, Oxford University Press: Oxford, Chapters 3, 4 and 9.

Emsley, Clive (1991), The English Police: a Political and Social History, Pearson: Harlow.

Emsley, Clive (2010), Crime and Society in England 1750-1900, Longman: Harlow, Chapter 9.

*Gatrell, V.A.C. (1990), ‘Crime, Authority and the Policeman-State’ in The Cambridge Social History of Britain, Vol. 3, edited by Thompson, F.M.L., Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, pp.243-310.

Godfrey, Barry and Lawrence, Paul (2015), Crime and Justice since 1750, Routledge: London, Chapter 2.

Inwood, Stephen (1990), ‘Policing London’s Morals: the Metropolitan Police and Popular Culture, 1829-50’, The London Journal, Vol.15 (2), pp.129-146.

Jones, D.J.V. (1983), ‘The New Police, Crime and People in England and Wales, 1829-1888’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, fifth series, Vol.33, pp.151-168.

*Reiner, Robert (2010), The Politics of the Police, fourth edition, Oxford University Press: Oxford, Chapters 2-3.

Storch, Robert D. (1975), ‘The Plague of Blue Locusts: Police Reform and Popular Resistance in Northern England, 1840-57’, International Review of Social History Vol.20 (1), pp.61-90.

Storch, Robert D. (1976), ‘The Policeman as Domestic Missionary: Urban Discipline and Popular Culture in Northern England, 1850-1880’, Journal of Social History Vol.9 (4), pp.481-509.

Swift, Roger (1988), ‘Urban Policing in Early Victorian England, 1835-86: a Reappraisal’, History Vol.73 (238), pp.211-237.

*Taylor, David (1997), The New Police in Nineteenth-Century England: Crime, Conflict and Control, Manchester University Press: Manchester, Chapter 4.

Taylor, David (2002), Policing the Victorian Town: the Development of the Police in Middlesbrough 1840-1914, Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke.

Williams, Chris A. (2000), ‘Counting Crimes or Counting People: Some Implications of Mid-Nineteenth Century British Police Returns’, Crime, History and Societies Vol.4 (2), pp.77-93.

Week 16 - Courts and Criminal Justice

Churchill, David (2018), Crime Control and Everyday Life in the Victorian City: The Police and the Public, Oxford University Press: Oxford, Chapter 8.

Davis, Jennifer (1984), ‘A Poor Man’s System of Justice: the London Police Courts in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century’, The Historical Journal Vol.27 (2), pp.309-335.

Davis, Jennifer S. (1989), ‘Prosecutions and their Context: the Use of the Criminal Law in Later Nineteenth-Century London’ in Policing and Prosecution in Britain 1750-1850, edited by Hay, Douglas and Snyder, Francis, Clarendon Press: Oxford, pp.397-426.

*Emsley, Clive (2010), Crime and Society in England 1750-1900, fourth edition, Longman: Harlow, Chapter 8.

Godfrey, Barry (2008), ‘Changing Prosecution Practices and their Impact on Crime Figures, 1857-1940’, The British Journal of Criminology Vol.48 (2), pp.171-189.

*Godfrey, Barry and Lawrence, Paul (2015), Crime and Justice since 1750, second edition, Routledge: London, Chapters 3-4.

Hay, Douglas (1983), ‘Controlling the English Prosecutor’, Osgoode Hall Law Journal Vo.21 (2), pp.165-186.

Hay, Douglas and Snyder, Francis (1989), ‘Using the Criminal Law, 1750-1850: Policing, Private Prosecution and the State’ in Policing and Prosecution in Britain 1750-1850, edited by Hay, Douglas and Snyder, Francis, Clarendon Press: Oxford, pp.3-52.

*King, Peter (2000), Crime, Justice and Discretion in England, 1740-1820, Oxford University Press: Oxford, Part 1.

King, Peter (2004), ‘Summary Courts and Social Relations in Eighteenth-Century England’, Past and Present Vol.183, pp.125-172.

Philips, David (1977) Crime and Authority in Victorian England: the Black Country 1835-1860, Croom Helm: London, Chapter 4.

Philips, David (1989), ‘Good Men to Associate and Bad Men to Conspire: Associations for the Prosecution of Felons in England, 1760-1860’ in  Policing and Prosecution in Britain 1750-1850, edited by Hay, Douglas and Snyder, Francis, Clarendon Press: Oxford, pp.113-170.

Rock, Paul (2004), ‘Victims, Prosecutors and the State in Nineteenth-Century England and Wales’, Criminal Justice Vol.4 (4), pp.331-354.

Week 17 - Punishment 1: Public Execution and the Search for Alternatives

Beattie, J.M. (1986), Crime and the Courts in England 1660-1800, Oxford University Press: Oxford, Chapters 9-10.

Beattie, J.M. (2001), Policing and Punishment in London 1660-1750: Urban Crime and the Limits of Terror, Oxford University Press: Oxford, Chapters 7-9.

*Cox, David J. (2013), Crime in England 1688-1815, Routledge: London, Chapter 5.

Devereaux, Simon (2009), ‘Recasting the Theatre of Execution: the Abolition of the Tyburn RitualPast and Present, vol. 202, pp.127-174.

Devereaux, Simon (2015), ‘Inexperienced Humanitarians? William Wilberforce, William Pitt, and the Execution Crisis of the 1780s’, Law and History Review, vol. 33 (4), pp.839-885.

Emsley, Clive (2010), Crime and Society in England 1750-1900, fourth edition, Longman: Harlow, Chapter 10.

Foucault, Michel (1991) Discipline and Punish, Penguin: London.

*Gatrell, V.A.C. (1994), The Hanging Tree: Execution and the English People, 1770-1868, Oxford University Press: Oxford.

Johnston, Helen (2015), Crime in England 1815-1880: Experiencing the Criminal Justice System, Routledge: London, Chapters 4-5.

King, Peter and Ward, Richard (2015), ‘Rethinking the Bloody Code in Eighteenth-Century Britain: Capital Punishment at the Centre and on the Periphery’, Past and Present Vo.228, pp.159-205.

McGowen, Randall (1983), ‘The Image of Justice and Reform of the Criminal Law in Early Nineteenth Century England’, Buffalo Law Review Vol.32 (1), pp.89-125.

McGowen, Randall (1986), ‘A Powerful Sympathy: Terror, the Prison and Humanitarian Reform in Early Nineteenth Century Britain’, Journal of British Studies Vol.25 (3), pp.312-334.

*McGowen, Randall (1994), ‘Civilising Punishment: The End of Public Execution in England’, Journal of British Studies Vol.33 (3), pp.257-282.

McGowen, Randall (2000), ‘Revisiting the Hanging Tree: Gatrell on Emotion and History’, The British Journal of Criminology Vol.40 (1), pp.1-13.

Penal Practice and Culture 1500-1900: Punishing the English, edited by Devereaux, Simon and Griffiths, Paul (2004), Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke, especially essays by Devereaux, McGowen and Shoemaker.

Rowbotham, Judith (2010), ‘Execution as Punishment in England: 1750-2000’, in Histories of Crime: Britain 1600-2000, edited by Kilday, Anne-Marie and Nash, David, Palgrave: Basingstoke, pp.180-202.

Ward, Richard (2015), ‘The Criminal Corpse, Anatomists, and the Criminal Law: Parliamentary Attempts to Extend the Dissection of Offenders in Late Eighteenth-Century England’, Journal of British Studies Vol.54 (1), pp.63-87.

Wiener, Martin J. (1990), Reconstructing the Criminal: Culture, Law, and Policy in England, 1830-1914, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, especially Chapter 3.

Week 18 - Punishment 2: Prison, Rehabilitation and Reform

Auerbach, Sascha (2015), ‘“Beyond the Pale of Mercy”: Victorian Penal Culture, Police Court Missionaries, and the Origins of Probation in England’, Law and History Review, vol.33 (3), pp.621-663.

Bailey, Victor (1997), ‘English Prisons, Penal Culture, and the Abatement of Imprisonment, 1895-1922’, Journal of British Studies Vol.36 (3), pp.285-324.

Delacy, Margaret E. (1981), ‘Grinding Men Good? Lancashire Prisons at Mid-Century’ in Policing and Punishment in Nineteenth-Century Britain, edited by Bailey, Victor, Croom Helm: London, pp.182-216.

Emsley, Clive (2010), Crime and Society in England 1750-1900, fourth edition, Longman: Harlow, Chapter 10.

Foucault, Michel (1991) Discipline and Punish, Penguin: London.

Garland, David (1985), Punishment and Welfare: a History of Penal Strategies, Gower: Aldershot.

Godfrey, Barry and Lawrence, Paul (2011), Crime and Justice since 1750, second edition, Routledge: London, Chapter 5.

*Godfrey, Barry, Lawrence, Paul and Williams, Chris A. (2008), History and Crime, Sage: London, Chapter 8.

Ignatieff, Michael (1978), A Just Measure of Pain: the Penitentiary and the Industrial Revolution, Macmillan: London.

Ignatieff, Michael (1983), ‘State, Civil Society and Total Institutions: a Critique of Recent Social Histories of Punishment’ in Legality, Ideology and the State, edited by Sugarman, David, Academic Press: London, pp.183-211.

*Johnston, Helen (2015), Crime in England 1815-1880: Experiencing the Criminal Justice System, Routledge: London, Chapters 6-8.

McConville, Sean (1981), A History of English Prison Administration 1750-1877, Routledge and Kegan Paul: London.

*McGowen, Randall (1995), ‘The Well-Ordered Prison. England 1780-1865’ in The Oxford History of the Prison, edited by Morris, Norval and Rothman, David, Oxford University Press: Oxford, pp.79-109.

Radzinowicz, Leon and Hood, Roger (1986), A History of the Criminal Law and its Administration from 1750: Volume 5: The Emergence of Penal Policy, Stevens & Sons: London.

*Wiener, Martin J. (1990), Reconstructing the Criminal: Culture, Law, and Policy in England, 1830-1914, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

Zedner, Lucia (1992), Women, Crime and Custody in Victorian England, Clarendon Press: Oxford.

Week 19 – Security beyond the State

Churchill, David (2015), ‘The Spectacle of Security: Lock-Picking Competitions and the Security Industry in Mid-Victorian Britain’, History Workshop Journal Vol.80, forthcoming.

Churchill, David (2016), ‘Security and Visions of the Criminal: Technology, Professional Criminality and Social Change in Victorian and Edwardian Britain’, The British Journal of Criminology Vol.56 (5), pp.857-876.

*Churchill, David (2017), ‘The Security Industry’ in A Companion to Crime and Criminal Justice History, edited by Turner, Jo, Taylor, Paul, Corteen, Karen and Morley, Sharon, Policy Press: Bristol, pp.228-230.

*Churchill, David (2018), Crime Control and Everyday Life in the Victorian City: The Police and the Public, Oxford University Press: Oxford, especially part 2.

Godfrey, Barry S. and Cox, David J. (2013), Policing the Factory: Theft, Private Policing and the Law in Modern England, Bloomsbury: London, Chapters 5-6.

Godfrey, Barry, Lawrence, Paul and Williams, Chris A. (2008), History and Crime, Sage: London, Chapter 7.

Johnston, Les (1992), The Rebirth of Private Policing, Routledge: London, especially Chapter 1.

Moss, Eloise (2011) ‘Burglary Insurance and the Culture of Fear in Britain, c.1889-1939’, The Historical Journal Vol.54 (4), pp.1039-1064.

Smith, David L. (2012), ‘Securing the Englishman’s Castle: Situational Crime Prevention in the Nineteenth Century’, Victorian Literature and Culture Vol.40 (1), pp.263-285.

South, Nigel (1988), Policing for Profit: the Private Security Sector, Sage: London, especially Chapter 2.

Spitzer, Steven and Scull, Andrew T. (1977), ‘Privatization and Capitalist Development: the Case of the Private Police’, Social Problems Vol.25 (1), pp.18-29.

Williams, Chris A. (2008), ‘Constables for Hire: the History of Private “Public” Policing in the UK’, Policing and Society Vol.18 (2), pp.190-205.

*Zedner, Lucia (2006), ‘Policing before and after the Police: the Historical Antecedents of Contemporary Crime Control’, The British Journal of Criminology Vol.46 (1), pp.78-96.

Week 20 – Regulating Leisure 1: Sports and Festivities

Borsay, Peter (2006), A History of Leisure: The British Experience since 1500, Palgrave: Basingstoke.

Churchill, David (2014), ‘Living in a Leisure Town: Residential Reactions to the Growth of Popular Tourism in Southend, 1870-1890’, Urban History Vol. 41 (1), pp.42-61.

Dunning, Eric, Murphy, Patrick, Newburn, Tim and Waddington, Ivan (1987) ‘Violent Disorders in Twentieth Century Britain’ in The Crowd in Contemporary Britain edited by George Gaskell and Robert Benewick, Sage: London, pp.19-75.

Malcolmson, Robert W. (1979), Popular Recreations in English Society 1700-1850, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

*Russell, Dave (2013), ‘The Making of Modern Leisure: The British Experience, c.1850-to c.1960’, in The Routledge Handbook of Leisure Studies, Routledge: Oxon, pp.15-25.

Storch, Robert D. (1977) ‘The Problem of Working Class Leisure. Some Roots of Middle Class Moral Reform in the Industrial North: 1825-1850’, in Social Control in Nineteenth Century Britain edited by Donajgrodzki, A.P., Croon Helm: London, pp.138-162.

Walton, John K. (2013), ‘The Annual Holiday: Its Rise, Transformation, Expansion and Fragmentation’, in Routledge Handbook of Leisure Studies edited by Tony Blackshaw, Routledge: Oxon, pp.296-304.

Woolnough, Guy (2014), ‘Bloodsports in Victorian Cumbria: Policing Cultural Change’, Journal of Victorian Culture,Vol. 19 (3), pp.278-294.

*Yeomans, Henry, and Critcher, Chas (2013), ‘The Demon Drink: Alcohol and Moral Regulation, Past and Present’, in Routledge Handbook of Leisure Studies edited by Tony Blackshaw, Routledge: Oxon, pp.305-315.

Yeomans, Henry (2014), Alcohol and Moral Regulation: Public Attitudes, Spirited Measures and Victorian Hangovers, Policy Press: Bristol, especially Chapters 2, 3 and Conclusion.

Week 21 - Regulating Leisure 2: Drink and Drugs

*Barton, Adrian (2011), Illicit Drugs: Use and Control, Routledge: Oxon, chapter 1.

Berridge, Virginia (1984), ‘Drugs and Social Policy: The Establishment of Drug Control in Britain, 1900-1930’, British Journal of Addiction Vol. 79, pp.17-29. Available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1360-0443.1984.tb03837.x/pdf

Berridge, Virginia (2013), Demons: Our Changing Attitudes to Alcohol, Drugs and Tobacco, Oxford University Press: Oxford.

Borsay, Peter (2007), ‘Binge drinking and moral panics: historic parallels?’, History and Policy, http://www.historyandpolicy.org/papers/policy-paper-62.html (accessed 11 June 2011).

Burnett, John (1999), Liquid Pleasures, Routledge: London.

O’Malley, Pat, and Valverde, Mariana (2004), ‘Pleasure, Freedom and Drugs: The Uses of Pleasure in Liberal Governance of Drug and Alcohol Consumption’, Sociology 38 (1), pp.25-42.

*Room, Robin (1997), ‘Alcohol, the individual and society: what history teaches us’, Addiction Vol.92 (1), pp.S7-S11.

Seddon, Toby (2010), A History of Drugs: Drugs and Freedom in the Liberal Age, Routledge: Oxon.

Seddon, Toby (2016), ‘Inventing Drugs: A Genealogy of a Regulatory Concept’, Journal of Law and Society Vol. 43 (3), pp.393-415.

Valverde, Mariana (2003), ‘Police Science, British Style: Pub Licensing and Knowledges of Urban Disorder’, Economy and Society Vol.32 (2), pp.234-252.

Yeomans, Henry (2014), Alcohol and Moral Regulation: Public Attitudes, Spirited Measures and Victorian Hangovers, Policy Press: Bristol, especially chapter 6.

Yeomans, Henry (2017), ‘Regulating Drinking through Alcohol Taxation and Minimum Unit Pricing: A Historical Perspective on Alcohol Pricing Interventions’, Regulation and Governance, available here: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/rego.12149/full .

This list was last updated on 01/10/2019