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PIED3565
Module Reading List

Terrorism: Concepts, Debates, Cases, 2019/20, Semester 1
Dr Gordon Clubb
G.Clubb@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

PIED 3565 Reading List 2018/2019

NB: Use the Module Handbook each week – it has recommended reading AND the questions for each seminar. The recommended reading is also available in PDFs in Minerva. Feel free to use this more expansive reading list to find other sources.

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Week 1: Introduction

 

  • Rapoport, David C. "The Four Waves of Rebel Terror and September." Anthropoetics8, no. 1 (2002). Available here
  • Rasler, Karen, and William R. Thompson. "Looking for waves of terrorism." Terrorism and political violence. ISSN: 0954-655321, no. 1 (2009): 28-41.
  • Tucker, D., 2001. What is new about the new terrorism and how dangerous is it?. Terrorism and political violence. ISSN: 0954-655313(3), pp.1-14.
  • Spencer, A., 2011. Sic [k] of the ‘new terrorism’debate? A response to our critics. Critical studies on terrorism ISSN: 1753-91534(3), pp.459-467.

Religious Terrorism and al-Qaeda

  • Klein, Graig R. "Ideology Isn't Everything: Transnational Terrorism, Recruitment Incentives, and Attack Casualties."Terrorism and political violence. ISSN: 0954-6553 (2015): 1-20.
  • Turner, John. "Strategic differences: Al Qaeda's Split with the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham." Small wars and insurgencies. ISSN: 0959-2318; 1743-9558 26, no. 2 (2015): 208-225.
  • Gerges, Fawaz A. "The Islamist moment: from Islamic state to civil Islam?." Political science quarterly. ISSN: 0032-3195 128, no. 3 (2013): 389-426.

 

Daesh

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Week 2: Defining Terrorism

 

  • Richards, Anthony. Conceptualizing Terrorism,

Studies in conflict and terrorism., 37:3, (2014) 213-236, DOI: 10.1080/1057610X.2014.872023

To link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2014.872023

Defining and Conceptualising Terrorism

 

The ‘Critical Turn’

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Week 3. The Terrorist Threat

  • Mueller, John (2005), Six Rather Unusual Propositions about Terrorism, Terrorism and political violence. ISSN: 0954-6553, 17:4, 487-505.
  • Piazza, James A. "Is Islamist terrorism more dangerous?: An empirical study of group ideology, organization, and goal structure."Terrorism and political violence. ISSN: 0954-6553 21, no. 1 (2009): 62-88.
  • Hegghammer, T. and Nesser, P., 2015. Assessing the Islamic State’s commitment to attacking the West. Perspectives on terrorism ISSN: 2334-37459(4), pp.14-30.
  • Wright, C.J., 2016. How dangerous Are domestic terror plotters with foreign fighter experience? The case of Homegrown Jihadis in the US. Perspectives on terrorism ISSN: 2334-374510(1), pp.32-40.
  • Leduc, Raphaël. "Are returning foreign fighters dangerous? Re-investigating Hegghammer’s assessment of the impact of veteran foreign fighters on the operational effectiveness of domestic terrorism in the West." Journal of Military and Strategic Studies ISSN: 1488-559X 17, no. 1 (2016). Available online.  

Terrorist threat exaggeration?

 

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Week 4. Does Terrorism Work?

 

  • Pape, Robert A. "The strategic logic of suicide terrorism." The American political science review. ISSN: 0003-0554 97, no. 03 (2003): 343-361.
  • Abrahms, Max (2006), Why Terrorism Does Not Work,International security., 31:2, 42-78. 
  • English, Richard. "Does Terrorism Work? Debates, Problems, and a Framework for Future Research." REVISTA CIDOB D AFERS INTERNATIONALS 112 (2016): 27-43. Available online 
  • Krause, Peter (2013), The Political Effectiveness of Non-State Violence: A Two-Level Framework to Transform a Deceptive Debate,Security Studies , 22:2, 259-294. 

Does Terrorism Work

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Week 5. Reading Week: Lecture on essay writing

No seminar this week

Start drafting your essay to submit this for formative feedback – questions and details tbc

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Week 6. Causes of Terrorism

 

 

Causes of Terrorism

Causes and Northern Ireland Civil Rights movement

Palestinian Terrorism

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Week 7. Radicalisation

 

  • Neumann, Peter R. "The trouble with radicalization." International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850 89, no. 4 (2013): 873-893.
  • GITHENS‐MAZER, J. O. N. A. T. H. A. N., and Robert Lambert. "Why conventional wisdom on radicalization fails: the persistence of a failed discourse." International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850 86, no. 4 (2010): 889-901.
  • Hegghammer, T., 2010. The rise of Muslim foreign fighters: Islam and the globalization of Jihad. International security. ISSN: 0162-288935(3), pp.53-94.
  • Coolsaet, R., 2016. Facing the fourth foreign fighters wave: what drives Europeans to Syria, and to IS? Insights from the Belgian case. Egmont Paper81.
  • Richards, Anthony. "The problem with ‘radicalization’: the remit of ‘Prevent’ and the need to refocus on terrorism in the UK." International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850 87, no. 1 (2011): 143-152.

Radicalisation

  • Hegghammer, Thomas. "Terrorist recruitment and radicalization in Saudi Arabia." Middle East policy. ISSN: 1061-1924 13, no. 4 (2006): 39.
  • Neumann, Peter R. Joining Al-Qaeda : Jihadist recruitment in Europe. Routledge, 2008.
  • Kruglanski, Arie W., Michele J. Gelfand, Jocelyn J. Bélanger, Anna Sheveland, Malkanthi Hetiarachchi, and Rohan Gunaratna. "The psychology of radicalization and deradicalization: How significance quest impacts violent extremism." Political psychology. ISSN: 0162-895x 35, no. S1 (2014): 69-93.
  • Decker, Scott H., and David C. Pyrooz. "“I’m down for a Jihad”: How 100 Years of Gang Research can inform the Study of Terrorism, Radicalization and Extremism." Perspectives on terrorism ISSN: 2334-3745 9, no. 1 (2015).
  • Weggemans, Daan, Edwin Bakker, and Peter Grol. "Who are they and why do they go? The radicalization and preparatory processes of Dutch Jihadist foreign fighters." Perspectives on terrorism ISSN: 2334-3745 8, no. 4 (2014).
  • Beevor, Eleanor. "Coercive Radicalization: Charismatic Authority and the Internal Strategies of ISIS and the Lord's Resistance Army." Studies in conflict and terrorism. ISSN: 1057-610X; 1521-0731 40, no. 6 (2017): 496-521.
  • Herrington, Lewis. "British Islamic extremist terrorism: the declining significance of Al–Qaeda and Pakistan." International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850 91, no. 1 (2015): 17-35.
  • Klausen, J., Campion, S., Needle, N., Nguyen, G. and Libretti, R., 2016. Toward a behavioral model of “homegrown” radicalization trajectories. Studies in conflict and terrorism. ISSN: 1057-610X; 1521-0731, 39(1), pp.67-83.
  • Weeraratne, Suranjan. "Theorizing the expansion of the Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria." Terrorism and political violence. ISSN: 0954-6553 29, no. 4 (2017): 610-634.
  • Pieri, Zacharias P., and Jacob Zenn. "The Boko Haram paradox: ethnicity, religion, and historical memory in pursuit of a caliphate." African security ISSN: 1939-2206 9, no. 1 (2016): 66-88.
  • Oriola, Temitope B., and Olabanji Akinola. "Ideational dimensions of the Boko Haram phenomenon." Studies in conflict and terrorism. ISSN: 1057-610X; 1521-0731 just-accepted (2017): 00-00.

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Week 8. How Terrorism Ends: Counter-Terrorism and Disengagement

 

  • Cronin, Audrey Kurth. "How Al-Qaida Ends: The Decline and Demise of Terrorist Groups." International security. ISSN: 0162-2889 31 (1) (2006): pp. 7-48.
  • Daxecker, Ursula E., and Michael L. Hess. "Repression hurts: coercive government responses and the demise of terrorist campaigns." British journal of political science. ISSN: 0007-1234 43, no. 3 (2013): 559-577..
  • David, Steven (2003), Israel’s Policy of Targeted Killing,Ethics and international affairs, 17, 111-126.
  • Hafez, M.M. and Hatfield, J.M., 2006. Do targeted assassinations work? A multivariate analysis of Israel's controversial tactic during al-Aqsa uprising. Studies in conflict and terrorism. ISSN: 1057-610X; 1521-073129(4), pp.359-382.

How Terrorism Ends

Israeli Counter-Terrorism

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Week 9. Negotiations and Disengagement

 

  • Neumann, Peter. “Negotiating with Terrorists.” Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120 86, no. 1 (2007): 128–38.
  • Shlaim, Avi. "The rise and fall of the Oslo Peace process."International relations of the Middle East (2005): 241-61.
  • Pearlman, Wendy (2008/09), Spoiling Inside and Out, International security. ISSN: 0162-2889, 33:3, 79-109.
  • Tonge, Jonathan, Peter Shirlow, and James McAuley. "So why did the guns fall silent? How interplay, not stalemate, explains the Northern Ireland peace process." Irish political studies. ISSN: 0790-7184 26, no. 1 (2011): 1-18.
  • Maney, Gregory M., Ibtisam Ibrahim, Gareth I. Higgins, and Hanna Herzog. "The past's promise: Lessons from peace processes in Northern Ireland and the Middle East."Journal of peace research. ISSN: 0022-3433 43, no. 2 (2006): 181-200.

Further Reading

  • Pruitt, Dean G. “Whither Ripeness Theory.” Institute for conflict analysis and resolution. 
  • George Mason University. Working Paper, no. 25 (2005).
  • Pruitt, Dean G. "Readiness theory and the Northern Ireland conflict." American behavioral scientist. ISSN: 0002-7642 50, no. 11 (2007): 1520-1541.
  • Maney, Gregory M., Ibtisam Ibrahim, Gareth I. Higgins, and Hanna Herzog. "The past's promise: Lessons from peace processes in Northern Ireland and the Middle East."Journal of peace research. ISSN: 0022-3433 43, no. 2 (2006): 181-200.
  • Ferguson, Neil. "Disengaging from Terrorism: A Northern Irish Experience." Journal for Deradicalization 6 (2016): 1-23 Available online . 
  • Clubb, Gordon. "Re-evaluating the disengagement process: the case of Fatah." Perspectives on terrorism ISSN: 2334-3745 3, no. 3 (2010).

The Northern Ireland Peace Process

  • Alonso, Rogelio (2001), The Modernization in Irish Republican Thinking toward the Utility of Violence,Studies in conflict and terrorism., 24:2. 
  • Byrne, Sean. "Consociational and civic society approaches to peacebuilding in Northern Ireland." Journal of peace research. ISSN: 0022-3433 38, no. 3 (2001): 327-352.
  • Cox, M. Stephen, F. & Guelke, A. (2005),A farewell to arms? : beyond the Good Friday agreement, Manchester: Manchester University Press. 
  • Cox, Michael (1997), Bringing in the "international": the IRA ceasefire and the end of the Cold War,International affairs., 73: 4, 671-693.
  • Clubb, Gordon. Selling the end of terrorism: a framing approach to the IRA’s disengagement from armed violence, Small wars and insurgencies. ISSN: 0959-2318; 1743-9558, 27:4, 608-635 (2016)
  • Dingley, James (2001), The Bombing of Omagh, 15 August 1998: The Bombers, their Tactics, Strategy and Purpose Behind the Incident,Studies in Conflict and Terrorism , 24:6, 451-466.
  • Dingley, James, (1999), Peace Processes and Northern Ireland: Squaring Circles? ,Terrorism and Political Violence , 11:3, Autumn.
  • Dixon, Paul. "The politics of antagonism: Explaining McGarry and O'Leary."Irish political studies. ISSN: 0790-718411, no. 1 (1996): 130-141.
  • Dixon, Paul. "Consociationalism and the Northern Ireland peace process: the glass half full or half empty?." Nationalism & ethnic politics. ISSN: 1353-7113 3, no. 3 (1997): 20-36.
  • Dixon, Paul. "Political skills or lying and manipulation? The choreography of the Northern Ireland peace process." Political studies. ISSN: 0032-3217; 1467-9248 50, no. 4 (2002): 725-741.
  • Edwards, Aaron. "Abandoning armed resistance? The Ulster Volunteer Force as a case study of strategic terrorism in Northern Ireland." Studies in conflict and terrorism. ISSN: 1057-610X; 1521-0731 32, no. 2 (2009): 146-166.
  • Edwards, Aaron, and Cillian McGrattan. "Terroristic narratives: On the (re) invention of peace in Northern Ireland."Terrorism and political violence. ISSN: 0954-6553 23, no. 3 (2011): 357-376.
  • Frennet, Ross, MLR Smith (2012), IRA 2.0: Continuing the Long War – Analysing the Factors behind Anti-GA Violence,Terrorism and Political Violence , 24:3, 375-395.
  • Horgan, John; Morrison, John F. (2011), Here to Stay? The Rising Threat of Violent Dissident Republicanism in Northern Ireland,Terrorism and Political Violence , 23:4, 642-669.
  • Jarman, Neil. "From war to peace? Changing patterns of violence in Northern Ireland, 1990–2003." Terrorism and political violence. ISSN: 0954-6553 16, no. 3 (2004): 420-438.
  • Justice, J.W. (2005), Of Guns and Ballots: Attitudes towards Unconvential and Destructive Political Participation among Sinn Fein and Herri Batasuna Supporters,Nationalism & ethnic politics., 11:3, 295-320.
  • MacGinty, Roger. "American influences on the Northern Ireland peace process." Journal of Conflict Studies 17, no. 2 (1997).
  • McGarry, John, and Brendan O'Leary. "Proving our points on Northern Ireland (and giving reading lessons to Dr. Dixon)."Irish political studies. ISSN: 0790-7184 11, no. 1 (1996): 142-154.
  • McGarry, John, and Brendan O'leary. "Consociational theory, Northern Ireland's conflict, and its agreement. Part 1: What consociationalists can learn from Northern Ireland." Government and opposition. ISSN: 0017-257X; 1477-7053 41, no. 1 (2006): 43-63.
  • McEvoy, Kieran, and Pete Shirlow. "The Northern Ireland Peace Process and “Terroristic” Narratives: A Reply to Edwards and McGrattan."Terrorism and political violence. ISSN: 0954-6553 25, no. 2 (2013): 161-166.
  • McSweeney, Bill. "Security, identity and the peace process in Northern Ireland." Security dialogue. ISSN: 0967-0106 27, no. 2 (1996): 167-178.
  • Richards, Anthony (2001), Terrorist Groups and Political Fronts: The IRA, Sinn Fein, the Peace Process & Democracy,Terrorism and Political Violence , 13:4, Winter.
  • Sarma, Kiran (2007), Defensive Propaganda and IRA Political Control in Republican Communities,Studies in Conflict & Terrorism , 30:12, 1073-1094.
  • Silke, Andrew (1999), Ragged justice: Loyalist vigilantism in Northern Ireland,Terrorism and Political Violence , 11:3, Autumn.
  • Silke, Andrew (1999), Rebel's dilemma: the changing relationship between the IRA, Sinn Fein and paramilitary vigilantism in Northern Ireland,Terrorism & Political Violence , 11:1. 
  • Silke, Andrew (2000), Beating the Water: The Terrorist Search for Power, Control and Authority,Terrorism and Political Violence , 12:2, 76-96.
  • Smyth, Marie. "The process of demilitarization and the reversibility of the peace process in Northern Ireland." Terrorism and Political Violence 16, no. 3 (2004): 544-566.
  • Tonge, Jonathan, Peter Shirlow, and James McAuley. "So why did the guns fall silent? How interplay, not stalemate, explains the Northern Ireland peace process." Irish political studies. ISSN: 0790-7184 26, no. 1 (2011): 1-18.
  • Tongue, Jonathan, Peter Shirlow and James McAuley (2011), So Why Did the Guns Fall Silent? How Interplay, not Stalemate, Explains the Northern Ireland Peace Process,Irish political studies., 26:1, 1-18.
  • White, Robert W. (1989), From Peaceful Protest to Guerrilla War: Micromobilization of the Provisional Irish Republican Army.American Journal of Sociology. , 94:6, 1277–1302. 
  • Wright, J. (1991)Terrorist propaganda : the Red Army Faction and the Provisional IRA, 1968-86, London: Macmillan.

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Week 10.British Counter-Terrorism: Prevent

 

  • Charlotte Heath-Kelly 2013 “Counter-Terrorism and the Counterfactual: Producing the ‘Radicalisation’ Discourse and the UK Prevent Strategy”, British journal of politics & international relations. ISSN: 1369-1481, Sage Publications 
  • Paul Thomas 2017 “Changing Experiences of Responsibilisation and Contestation within Counter-Terrorism Policies: The British Prevent Experience” Policy and politics. ISSN: 0305-5736; 1470-8442, Policy Press vo. 45(3) pp.305-321 
  • Lambert, Robert. "Empowering Salafis and Islamists against al-Qaeda: a London counterterrorism case study." PS: PS : political science and politics. ISSN: 1049-0965 41, no. 01 (2008): 31-35.
  • Awan, Imran. "“I am a Muslim not an extremist”: How the Prevent Strategy has constructed a “suspect” community." Politics & policy ISSN: 1555-5623 40, no. 6 (2012): 1158-1185.
  • Richards, Anthony. "The problem with ‘radicalization’: the remit of ‘Prevent’ and the need to refocus on terrorism in the UK." International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850 87, no. 1 (2011): 143-152.
  • Greer, Steven. "Reply to Marie Breen-Smyth,“Theorising the ‘suspect community’: counterterrorism, security practices and the public imagination”." Critical studies on terrorism ISSN: 1753-9153 7, no. 3 (2014): 468-471.

British Counter-Terrorism

  • Brownlow, Graham. "Towards an acceptable level of violence: institutional lessons from Northern Ireland." Terrorism and political violence. ISSN: 0954-6553 24, no. 5 (2012): 722-742.
  • Dingley, James, ed. Combating Terrorism in Northern Ireland. Routledge, 2008.
  • Dixon, Paul. "‘Hearts and Minds’? British counter-insurgency strategy in Northern Ireland." The journal of strategic studies. ISSN: 0140-2390 32, no. 3 (2009): 445-474.
  • Edwards, Aaron. "Misapplying lessons learned? Analysing the utility of British counterinsurgency strategy in Northern Ireland, 1971–76." Small wars and insurgencies. ISSN: 0959-2318; 1743-9558 21, no. 2 (2010): 303-330.
  • Kennedy‐Pipe, Caroline, and Colin McInnes. "The British army in Northern Ireland 1969–1972: From policing to counter‐terror." The journal of strategic studies. ISSN: 0140-2390 20, no. 2 (1997): 1-24.
  • LaFree, Gary, Laura Dugan, and Raven Korte. "The impact of British counterterrorist strategies on political violence in Northern Ireland: Comparing deterrence and backlash models." Criminology. ISSN: 0011-1384 47, no. 1 (2009): 17-45.
  • Thornton, Rod. "Getting it wrong: The crucial mistakes made in the early stages of the British Army's deployment to Northern Ireland (August 1969 to March 1972)." The journal of strategic studies. ISSN: 0140-2390 30, no. 1 (2007): 73-107.
  • White, Robert W., and Terry Falkenberg White. "Repression and the Liberal State The Case of Northern Ireland, 1969-1972." The journal of conflict resolution. ISSN: 0022-0027 39, no. 2 (1995): 330-352.
  • Awan, Imran. "“I am a Muslim not an extremist”: How the Prevent Strategy has constructed a “suspect” community." Politics & policy ISSN: 1555-5623 40, no. 6 (2012): 1158-1185.
  • Richards, Anthony. "The problem with ‘radicalization’: the remit of ‘Prevent’ and the need to refocus on terrorism in the UK." International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850 87, no. 1 (2011): 143-152.
  • Greer, Steven. "Reply to Marie Breen-Smyth,“Theorising the ‘suspect community’: counterterrorism, security practices and the public imagination”." Critical studies on terrorism ISSN: 1753-9153 7, no. 3 (2014): 468-471.
  • Byman, Daniel. "The Homecomings: What Happens When Arab Foreign Fighters in Iraq and Syria Return?." Studies in conflict and terrorism. ISSN: 1057-610X; 1521-0731 38, no. 8 (2015): 581-602.
  • Wright, Christopher J. "How Dangerous Are Domestic Terror Plotters with Foreign Fighter Experience? The Case of Homegrown Jihadis in the US." Perspectives on terrorism ISSN: 2334-3745 10, no. 1 (2016).
  • Leduc, Raphaël. "Are returning foreign fighters dangerous? Re-investigating Hegghammer’s assessment of the impact of veteran foreign fighters on the operational effectiveness of domestic terrorism in the West." Journal of Military and Strategic Studies ISSN: 1488-559X 17, no. 1 (2016). Available online.  
  • Clubb, Gordon. "The Role of former combatants in preventing youth involvement in terrorism in Northern Ireland: A framework for assessing former islamic state combatants." Studies in conflict and terrorism. ISSN: 1057-610X; 1521-0731 (2016).

 

PREVENT

  • Awan, Imran. "“I Am a Muslim Not an Extremist”: How the Prevent Strategy Has Constructed a “Suspect” Community." Politics & policy ISSN: 1555-5623 40, no. 6 (2012): 1158-1185.
  • Bartlett, Jamie, and Jonathan Birdwell. "From suspects to citizens: Preventing violent extremism in a big society." Demos (2010): 8-9. 
  • Breen-Smyth, Marie. "Theorising the “suspect community”: counterterrorism, security practices and the public imagination." Critical studies on terrorism ISSN: 1753-9153 7, no. 2 (2014): 223-240.
  • Brighton, Shane. "British Muslims, multiculturalism and UK foreign policy:‘integration’and ‘cohesion’in and beyond the state." International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850 83, no. 1 (2007): 1-17.
  • Greer, Steven. "Reply to Marie Breen-Smyth,“Theorising the ‘suspect community’: counterterrorism, security practices and the public imagination”." Critical studies on terrorism ISSN: 1753-9153 7, no. 3 (2014): 468-471.
  • Heath-Kelly, Charlotte. "Counter-terrorism and the counterfactual: Producing the ‘radicalisation’discourse and the UK PREVENT strategy." British journal of politics & international relations. ISSN: 1369-1481 15, no. 3 (2013): 394-415.
  • Hickman, Mary J., Lyn Thomas, Henri C. Nickels, and Sara Silvestri. "Social cohesion and the notion of ‘suspect communities’: a study of the experiences and impacts of being ‘suspect’for Irish communities and Muslim communities in Britain." Critical studies on terrorism ISSN: 1753-9153 5, no. 1 (2012): 89-106.
  • Kühle, Lene, and Lasse Lindekilde. "Radicalisation and the Limits of Tolerance: A Danish Case-Study." Journal of ethnic and migration studies. ISSN: 1369-183x 38, no. 10 (2012): 1607-1623.
  • Lambert, Robert. "Empowering Salafis and Islamists against al-Qaeda: a London counterterrorism case study." PS: PS : political science and politics. ISSN: 1049-0965 41, no. 01 (2008): 31-35.
  • Lindekilde, Lasse. "Introduction: assessing the effectiveness of counter-radicalisation policies in northwestern Europe." Critical studies on terrorism ISSN: 1753-9153 5, no. 3 (2012): 335-344.
  • Martin, Thomas. "Governing an unknowable future: the politics of Britain’s Prevent policy†." Critical studies on terrorism ISSN: 1753-9153 7, no. 1 (2014): 62-78.
  • Richards, Anthony. "The problem with ‘radicalization’: the remit of ‘Prevent’ and the need to refocus on terrorism in the UK." International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850 87, no. 1 (2011): 143-152.
  • Spalek, Basia, and Robert Lambert. "Muslim communities, counter-terrorism and counter-radicalisation: A critically reflective approach to engagement." International journal of law, crime and justice. ISSN: 1756-0616 36, no. 4 (2008): 257-270.
  • Thomas, Paul. "Failed and friendless: the UK's ‘Preventing Violent Extremism’programme." British journal of politics & international relations. ISSN: 1369-1481 12, no. 3 (2010): 442-458.
  • Thomas, Paul. "Prevent and Community Cohesion in Britain–The Worst of All Possible Worlds?." (2014). Available in Counter-radicalisation : critical perspectives ISBN: 9781138776630 (hardback); 1138776637 (hardback); 9781315773094 (ebook)  

 

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Week 11. De-Radicalisation

 

Further reading

DDR, Former Combatants and Peacebuilding

  • Ashe, Fidelma. "From Paramilitaries to Peacemakers: The Gender Dynamics of Community‐Based Restorative Justice in Northern Ireland." British journal of politics & international relations. ISSN: 1369-1481 11, no. 2 (2009): 298-314.
  • Clubb, Gordon. "“From Terrorists to Peacekeepers”: The IRA's Disengagement and the Role of Community Networks." Studies in conflict and terrorism. ISSN: 1057-610X; 1521-0731 37, no. 10 (2014): 842-861.
  • Clubb, Gordon. "The Role of Former Combatants in Preventing Youth Involvement in Terrorism in Northern Ireland: A Framework for Assessing Former Islamic State Combatants." Studies in conflict and terrorism. ISSN: 1057-610X; 1521-0731 (2016).
  • Dwyer, Clare D. "Expanding DDR: the transformative role of former prisoners in community-based reintegration in Northern Ireland." International journal of transitional justice ISSN: 1752-7716 6, no. 2 (2012): 274-295.
  • Emerson, Lesley. "Conflict, transition and education for ‘political generosity’: learning from the experience of ex-combatants in Northern Ireland." Journal of peace education ISSN: 1740-0201 9, no. 3 (2012): 277-295.
  • McAuley, James W., Jonathan Tonge, and Peter Shirlow. "Conflict, transformation, and former loyalist paramilitary prisoners in Northern Ireland." Terrorism and political violence. ISSN: 0954-6553 22, no. 1 (2009): 22-40.
  • McEvoy, Kieran, and Peter Shirlow. "Re-imagining DDR Ex-combatants, leadership and moral agency in conflict transformation." Theoretical criminology. ISSN: 1362-4806 13, no. 1 (2009): 31-59.
  • McEvoy, Kieran. "Prisoner release and conflict resolution: international lessons for Northern Ireland." International Criminal Justice Review ISSN: 1057-5677 8, no. 1 (1998): 33-60.
  • Mitchell, Claire. "The Limits of Legitimacy: Former Loyalist Combatants and Peace‐Building in Northern Ireland." Irish political studies. ISSN: 0790-7184 23, no. 1 (2008): 1-19.
  • Rolston, Bill. "Demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants: The Irish case in international perspective." Social & legal studies. ISSN: 0964-6639 16, no. 2 (2007): 259-280.
  • Shirlow, Peter, Jonathan Tonge, and James W. McAuley. Abandoning historical conflict? : former political prisoners and reconciliation in Northern Ireland ISBN: 9780719087448 (pbk.) : £15.99; 0719087449 (pbk.) : £15.99; 9781847793430 ebk. Oxford University Press, 2012.

Foreign Fighters and Former Combatants

  • Bakke, Kristin M. "Help wanted? The mixed record of foreign fighters in domestic insurgencies." International security. ISSN: 0162-2889 38, no. 4 (2014): 150-187.
  • Byman, Daniel. "The Homecomings: What Happens When Arab Foreign Fighters in Iraq and Syria Return?." Studies in conflict and terrorism. ISSN: 1057-610X; 1521-0731 38, no. 8 (2015): 581-602.
  • Clubb, Gordon. "The Role of Former Combatants in Preventing Youth Involvement in Terrorism in Northern Ireland: A Framework for Assessing Former Islamic State Combatants." Studies in conflict and terrorism. ISSN: 1057-610X; 1521-0731 (2016).
  • Hegghammer, Thomas, and Petter Nesser. "Assessing the Islamic State’s commitment to attacking the West." Perspectives on terrorism ISSN: 2334-3745 9, no. 4 (2015).
  • Hegghammer, Thomas. "Should I Stay or Should I Go? Explaining Variation in Western Jihadists' Choice between Domestic and Foreign Fighting." The American political science review. ISSN: 0003-0554 107, no. 01 (2013): 1-15.
  • Klausen, Jytte. "Tweeting the Jihad: Social media networks of Western foreign fighters in Syria and Iraq." Studies in conflict and terrorism. ISSN: 1057-610X; 1521-0731 38, no. 1 (2015): 1-22.
  • Lindekilde, Lasse, Preben Bertelsen, and Michael Stohl. "Who Goes, Why, and With What Effects: The Problem of Foreign Fighters from Europe." Small wars and insurgencies. ISSN: 0959-2318; 1743-9558 27, no. 5 (2016): 858-877.
  • Lister, Charles. "Profiling the Islamic state." Brookings Doha Center Analysis Paper 13 (2014): 17.
  • Neumann, Peter R. "Victims, perpetrators, assets: the narratives of Islamic State defectors." ICSR, 2015.
  • Speckhard, Anne, and Ahmet S. Yayla. "Eyewitness accounts from recent defectors from Islamic State: Why they joined, what they saw, why they quit." Perspectives on terrorism ISSN: 2334-3745 9, no. 6 (2015).
  • Van Zuijdewijn, Jeanine de Roy, Edwin Bakker, and ICCT Background Note. "Returning Western foreign fighters: The case of Afghanistan, Bosnia and Somalia." The Hague: International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (2014).
  • Weggemans, Daan, Edwin Bakker, and Peter Grol. "Who are they and why do they go? The Radicalization and Preparatory Processes of Dutch Jihadist Foreign Fighters." Perspectives on terrorism ISSN: 2334-3745 8, no. 4 (2014).
  • Wright, Christopher J. "How Dangerous Are Domestic Terror Plotters with Foreign Fighter Experience? The Case of Homegrown Jihadis in the US." Perspectives on terrorism 10, no. 1 (2016).

Narratives and Counter-Narratives

 

This list was last updated on 25/09/2019