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Reading list

The Wild: Literature and the Environment, 2019/20, Semester 1
Dr Tess Somervell
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Primary Texts (for purchase)

Robert Macfarlane, The wild places (London: Granta, 2007; reprinted Penguin, 2017)

The epic of Gilgamesh : a new translation, analogues, criticism / translated and edited by Benjamin R. Foster, 2nd edn (New York: Norton, 2019)

Henry David Thoreau, Walden, Civil disobedience, and other writings : authoritative texts, journal, reviews and posthumous assessments, criticism, 3rd edn, ed. by William Rossi (New York: Norton, 2008)

Nan Shepherd, The living mountain : a celebration of the Cairngorm Mountains of Scotland (Edinburgh: Canongate, 2011)

Ted Hughes, New selected poems 1957-1994 (London: Faber and Faber, 1995; reprinted 2001)

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Adams, Jonathan S., and Thomas O. McShane, The myth of wild Africa : conservation without illusion (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996)

Botkin, Daniel B., Discordant harmonies : a new ecology for the twenty-first century (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990)

Brockington, Dan, Fortress conservation : the preservation of the Mkomazi Game Reserve, Tanzania (Oxford: Currey, 2002)

Burks, David Clarke, ed., Place of the wild : a wildlands anthology (Washington, DC: Island Press, 1994)

Calicott, J. Baird, and Michael P. Nelson, eds, The great new wilderness debate (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1998)

———, The wilderness debate rages on : continuing the great new wilderness debate (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2008)

Cronon, William, ‘The Trouble with Wilderness: or, Getting Back to the Wrong Nature,’ Environmental history. 1:1 (1996), 7–28. Plus replies in the same issue by Samuel P. Hays, Michael P. Cohen, and Thomas R. Dunlap, and a reply to those replies by Cronon himself.

Donlan, C. Josh, et al., ‘Pleistocene Rewilding: An Optimistic Agenda for Twenty-First Century Conservation,’ American Naturalist., 168 (2006), 660–81

Harrison, Robert Pogue, Forests : The shadow of civilization (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992)

Hitt, Christopher, ‘Toward an Ecological Sublime,’ New literary history., 30:3 (1999), 603–23

Kareiva, Peter, Robert Lalasz, and Michelle Marvier, ‘Conservation in the Anthropocene: Beyond Solitude and Fragility,’ Breakthrough Journal, 2 (2011), 29–37 - Available online:

Marris, Emma, Rambunctious garden : saving nature in a post-wild world (New York: Bloomsbury, 2011)

Mellor, Leo, ‘The Lure of Wilderness,’ in The Cambridge companion to literature and the environment, ed. by Louise Westling (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014), pp. 104–18

Monbiot, George, Feral : rewilding the land, sea and human life (London: Penguin, 2014)

Nash, Roderick, Wilderness and the American mind, 4th edn (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001)

Neumann, Roderick, Imposing wilderness : struggles over livelihood and nature preservation in Africa (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002)

Oelschlaeger, Max, The idea of wilderness : from prehistory to the age of ecology (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1991)

Pearce, Fred, The new wild : why invasive species will be nature's salvation (London: Icon, 2015)

Shepard, Paul, The tender carnivore and the sacred game (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1998)

Snyder, Gary, The practice of the wild : essays (New York: North Point Press, 1990)

Turner, Jack, The abstract wild (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1996)

Wuerthner, George, Eileen Crist, and Tom Butler, eds, Keeping the wild : against the domestication of earth (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2014)

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Alexander, Neal, ‘Theologies of the Wild: Contemporary Landscape Writing’, Journal of modern literature., 38 (2015), 1–19

Farrier, David, ‘J. A. Baker’s The Peregrine and its Readers’, Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and the Environment, 22 (2016), 742–58 - Available online:

Hunt, Stephen E., ‘The Emergence of Psychoecology: The New Nature Writings of Roger Deakin, Mark Cocker, Robert Macfarlane and Richard Mabey,’ Green letters : studies in ecocriticism. 10:1 (2009), 70–77

Jamie, Kathleen, ‘A Lone Enraptured Male,’ The London review of books. 30:5 (6 March 2008), 25–27

Macfarlane, Robert, Common Ground, in The Guardian., 26 March – 30 July 2005 Available online at:

———, Mountains of the mind : a history of a fascination (London: Granta, 2003)

Moran, Joe, ‘A Cultural History of the New Nature Writing,’  Literature & history., 23:1 (2014), 49–63

Smith, Jos, ‘An Archipelagic Literature: Re-framing “The New Nature Writing,”’ Green letters : studies in ecocriticism. 17:1 (2013), 5–15.

Stenning, Anna, ‘An Interview with Robert Macfarlane,’ Green letters : studies in ecocriticism. 17:1 (2013), 77–83.

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Abusch, Tzvi, ‘The Development and Meaning of the  Epic of Gilgamesh : An Interpretive Essay,’  Journal of the American Oriental Society. , 121 (2001), 614–22

Al-Rawi, F. N. H., and A. R. George, ‘Back to the Cedar Forest: The Beginning and End of Tablet V of the Standard Babylonian Epic of Gilgameš,’  Journal of Cuneiform Studies, 66 (2014), 69–90 - Available online:

Damrosch, David,  What is world literature?   (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003)

Dickson, Keith, ‘Looking at the Other in  Gilgamesh ,’  Journal of the American Oriental Society. , 127 (2007), 171–82

George, A. R.,  The Babylonian Gilgamesh epic : introduction, critical edition and cuneiform texts  (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003)

Maier, John,  Gilgamesh : a reader  (Wauconda, IL: Bolchazy-Carducci, 1997)

Mitchell, Stephen,  Gilgamesh  (London: Profile, 2005)

Nortwick, Thomas van,  Somewhere I have never travelled : the hero's journey  (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995)

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Bennett, Jane, Thoreau's nature : ethics, politics, and the wild, new ed. (Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2002)

Buell, Lawrence, The environmental imagination : Thoreau, nature writing, and the formation of American culture (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995)

Cavell, Stanley, The senses of Walden. (New York: Viking, 1972)

Johnson, Barbara, A World of Difference (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987)

Marx, Leo, The Machine in the Garden: Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America, anniversary edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000)

Myerson, Joel, The Cambridge Companion to Henry David Thoreau (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995)

Oelschlaeger, Max, The idea of wilderness : from prehistory to the age of ecology (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1991)

Sayre, Robert F. ed., New essays on Walden (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992) 

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Carter, Gillian, ‘Domestic Geography’ and the Politics of Scottish Landscape in Nan Shepherd’s The Living Mountain,’ Gender, place and culture : a journal of feminist geography., 8 (2001), 25–36

Ingold, Tim, Being alive : essays on movement, knowledge and description (London: Routledge, 2011)

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Bassnett, Susan, Ted Hughes (Tavistock: Northcote House, 2009)

Gifford, Terry, Ted Hughes (London: Routledge, 2009)

Gifford, Terry, ed, The Cambridge Companion to Ted Hughes (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011)

Hughes, Ted, Winter pollen : occasional prose (London: Faber and Faber, 1994)

Sagar, Keith, The laughter of foxes : a study of Ted Hughes (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2000)

Sagar, Keith, ed., The challenge of Ted Hughes (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1994)

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Introductions to Ecological Criticism

Armbruster, Karla, and Kathleen R. Wallace, eds, Beyond nature writing : expanding the boundaries of ecocriticism (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 2001)

Bate, Jonathan, The Song of the Earth (London: Picador, 2000)

Buell, Lawrence, The future of environmental criticism : environmental crisis and literary imagination (Oxford: Blackwell, 2005)

Clark, Timothy, The Cambridge introduction to literature and the environment (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011)

Coupe, Laurence, ed., The green studies reader : from Romanticism to ecocriticism (London: Routledge, 2000)

Garrard, Greg, Ecocriticism (London: Routledge, 2004)

Garrard, Greg, ed., The Oxford handbook of ecocriticism (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014)

Guha, Ramachandra, Environmentalism : a global history (New York: Longman, 2000)

Huggan, Graham, and Helen Tiffin, Postcolonial ecocriticism : literature, animals, environment (London: Routledge, 2010)

Latour, Bruno, We have never been modern, trans. Catherine Porter (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993)

Morton, Timothy, The ecological thought (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010)

Phillips, Dana, The truth of ecology : nature, culture, and literature in America (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003)

Plumwood, Val, Environmental culture : the ecological crisis of reason (London: Routledge, 2002)

Westling, Louise, ed., The Cambridge companion to literature and the environment (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014)

This list was last updated on 15/08/2019