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SPPO3690
Module Reading List

New Media in Latin America, 2019/20, Semester 1, 2
Dr Thea Pitman
t.pitman@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

New Media/Internet Studies - General

Gold, Matthew K., and Lauren F. Klein, eds. 2016. Debates in the digital humanities (Minneapolis, Minnesota UP). Availble open access online.

Berry, David, and Michael Dieter, eds. 2015. Postdigital aesthetics : art, computation and design (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).

Fuchs, Christian. 2014. Social Media: A Critical Introduction (London: Sage).

Graham, Mark and William H Dutton, eds. 2014. Society and the internet : how networks of information and communication are changing our lives (Oxford: Oxford UP).

Ryan, Marie-Laure, Lori Emerson, and Benjamin J. Robertson, eds. 2014. The Johns Hopkins guide to digital media (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins UP).

Goggin, Gerard, and Larissa Hjorth, eds. 2014. The Routledge companion to mobile media [electronic resource] ISBN: 9780203434833 (e-book : PDF) (New York: Routledge).

Van Dijck, José. 2013. The culture of connectivity : a critical history of social media (Oxford: Oxford UP).

Nayar, Pramod K.. 2010. An introduction to new media and cybercultures (Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell).

Nayar, Pramod, ed.. 2010. The new media and cybercultures anthology (Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell).

Creeber, Glen, and Royston Martin. 2009. Digital cultures (New York: Open University Press).

Jenkins, Henry. 2006. Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide (New York: New York UP).

Silver, David and Adrienne Massanari, eds. 2006. Critical cyberculture studies (New York: New York UP).

Wardrip-Fruin, Noah, and Nick Montfort, eds. 2003. The new media reader (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).

Trend, David, ed.. 2001. Reading digital culture (Malden, MA: Blackwell).

Manovich, Lev. 2001. The Language of New Media (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).

Castells, Manuel. 2001. The Internet galaxy : reflections on the Internet, business, and society (Oxford: Oxford UP).

Bell, David and Barbara M. Kennedy, eds. 2000. The cybercultures reader (London: Routledge).

Lévy, Pierre. 1999 [1997]. Collective intelligence : mankind's emerging world in cyberspace , trans. by Robert Bononno (Cambridge, MA: Perseus).

Castells, Manuel. 1996-98. The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture, 3 vols: The Rise of the Network Society (1996), The Power of Identity (1997), and End of Millennium (1998) (Malden, MA: Blackwell).

Escobar, Arturo, David Hess, Isabel Licha, Will Sibley, Marilyn Strathern, and Judith Sutz. 1994. ‘Welcome to Cyberia: Notes on the Anthropology of Cyberculture’, Current anthropology. , 35:3, 211-31, http://anthro.vancouver.wsu.edu/media/Course_files/anth-490-edward-h-hagen/escobar-et-al-1994-welcome-to-cyberia-notes-on-the-anthropology-of-cyberculture.pdf   

Rheingold, Howard. 1993.The virtual community : homesteading on the electronic frontier (Addison-Wesley).

Check the following journals for articles:

New media and society. ISSN: 1461-4448http://journals.sagepub.com/home/nms

Information, communication and society. ISSN: 1369-118x, http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/rics20

Convergence : the international journal of research into new media technologies., http://journals.sagepub.com/home/con

First Monday [electronic resource]., https://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/index

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New Media/The Internet in Latin America - History and Wider Context

Raúl Trejo Delarbre continues to publish regularly in this field – see his website for access to all his publications, https://rtrejo.wordpress.com/internet-y-sociedad-de-la-informacion/

Levy, Helton. 2018. The internet, politics, and inequality in contemporary Brazil : peripheral media ISBN: 9781498585132 (Lanham, MD: Lexington).

Spyer, Juliano. 2017. Social media in emergent Brazil [electronic resource] : how the Internet affects social mobility ISBN: 9781787351684 (electronic bk.); 1787351688 (electronic bk.); 9781787351653 (electronic bk.); 1787351653 (electronic bk.); 1787351661; 9781787351660; 178735167X; 9781787351677 (Why We Post) (London: UCL Press).

Knight, Peter T.. 2014. The internet in brazil : origins.strategy, development, and governance (Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse).

Goggin, Gerard, and Larissa Hjorth, eds. 2014. The Routledge companion to mobile media [electronic resource] ISBN: 9780203434833 (e-book : PDF) (New York: Routledge) - includes a couple of chapters on Latin America.

Fermín, Carlos. 2014. ‘El reciclaje de la basura electrónica en Latinoamérica’ (May), http://www.albatv.org/El-reciclaje-de-la-basura.html.

Uxó, Carlos. 2009. 'El acceso a Internet en Cuba: políticas de colectivización y socialización', Journal of Iberian and Latin American research 15.2 (December): 121-43.

Casinelli, Andrés, and Javier Fernández. 2007.The Internet in Latin America: A Detailed Look at the Cases of Mexico and Uruguay (Stanford University), http://cs.stanford.edu/people/eroberts/cs201/projects/2006-07/latin-america/

Gabilondo, Joseba. 2006. ‘Spanish, Second Language of the Internet? The Hispanic Web, Subaltern-Hybrid Cultures, and the Neo-liberal Lettered City’, Revista canadiense de estudios hispánicos. ISSN: 0384-8167, 31:1, 107-29.

Rueda Ortiz, Rocío. 2005. ‘Apropriación social de las tecnologías de la información: ciberciudadanías emergentes’, Foro: comunicación y ciudadanía, América Latina en movimiento (28 November), http://investigacion.ilce.edu.mx/tyce/41/art2.pdf

Bonilla, Marcello, and Gilles Cliche, eds. 2004. Internet and Society in Latin America and the Caribbean (Penang, Malaysia: Southbound / Ottawa, Canada: International Development Research Center), https://prd-idrc.azureedge.net/sites/default/files/openebooks/017-9/index.html

Beasley-Murray, Jon. 2003. ‘Latin American Studies and the Global System’, in Philip Swanson, ed., The companion to Latin American studies (London: Arnold), pp. 222-38.

Corrales, Javier. 2002. ‘Lessons from Latin America’, in Leslie David Simon, et al., Democracy and the Internet : allies or adversaries? (Washington DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press), pp. 30-66.

Castro Roig, Xosé. 2001. ‘El ciberespanglish, el español comercial y el español neutro en la red’, Panace@, 2:5, 36-41, http://www.tremedica.org/panacea/IndiceGeneral/n5_ciberspanglish.pdf

Gómez, Ricardo. 2000. ‘The Hall of Mirrors: The Internet in Latin America’, Current history. , 99:634, PAGES.

Hahn, Saul. c.2000. ‘Case Studies on Development of the Internet in Latin America and the Caribbean’, http://isoc.org/inet2000/cdproceedings/8d/8d_5.htm

Finquelievich, Susana, ed.. 2000. Ciudadanos, a la Red: los vínculos sociales en el ciberespacio (Buenos Aires: Ediciones CICCUS, la CRUJIA), https://bibliodarq.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/finquelievich-s-c2a1ciudadanos-a-la-red.pdf

Trejo Delarbre, Raúl. 1998. ‘La Internet en América Latina’, in García Canclini, Néstor and Carlos Juan Moneta, eds, Las industrias culturales en la integración latinoamericana (Mexico City: Grijalbo; Caracas: Sistema Económica Latinoamericana: UNESCO), pp. 311-56. https://rtrejo.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/la-internet-en-amc3a9ric-latin-buenos-aires-1998.pdf

Belejack, Barbara. 1997. ‘Cyberculture Comes to the Americas’, NACLA report on the Americas. (November/December), http://hartford-hwp.com/archives/40/071.html

Monsiváis, Carlos. 1997. ‘Del rancho a Internet’, Letra Internacional, 4:53, 4-13, https://nomadasyrebeldes.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/del_rancho_al_internet-monsivais.pdf

Gómez-Peña, Guillermo. 1997. ‘The Virtual Barrio @ The Other Frontier (the Chicano Interneta)’, http://www.pochanostra.com/antes/jazz_pocha2/mainpages/virtual.htm

García Canclini, Néstor. 2001 [1995]. Consumers and citizens : globalization and multicultural conflicts (Minnesota: Minneapolis UP).

Martín Barbero, Jesús. 1993. Communication, culture and hegemony : from the media to mediations (London: Sage).

Internet World Stats: Usage and Population Statistics - http://www.internetworldstats.com/index.html

Internet Society – regional materials re Latin America and the Caribbean - https://www.internetsociety.org/regions/latin-america-caribbean/

Latin American Network Information Centre (LANIC) - http://lanic.utexas.edu/la/region/internethistory/

Association for Progressive Communications (APC) – https://www.apc.org/ - do a search on the site for Latin America and the Caribbean – country by country reports re internet freedom etc.

Agencia Latinoamericana de Información (ALAI) https://www.alainet.org/ - under ‘temas especiales’ select ‘comunicación’.

Chacón, Hilda, ed.. 2019. Online Activism in Latin America (New York: Routledge).

Taylor, Claire and Thea Pitman. 2013. Latin American identity in online cultural production (New York: Routledge) – read the introduction for the context.

Taylor, Claire and Thea Pitman, eds. 2007. Latin American cyberculture and cyberliterature ISBN: 9781846310614; 184631061X (Liverpool: Liverpool UP), http://liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com/view/10.5949/UPO9781846313462/upso-9781846310614?rskey=PMeU3B&result=3 – read the introduction for the context.

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Methodology

Ethnographic approaches:

Association of Internet Researchers, ‘Ethical Decision-Making and Internet Research’, https://aoir.org/reports/ethics2.pdf.

Pink, Sarah, et al.. 2016. Digital ethnography : principles and practice (Los Angeles: Sage).

Postill, John. 2014. ‘Freedom Technologists and the New Protest Movements: A Theory of Protest Formulas’, Convergence : the international journal of research into new media technologies. , 20, 402-18.

Postill, John, and Sarah Pink. 2012. ‘Social Media Ethnography: The Digital Researcher in a Messy Web’, Media international Australia incorporating Culture and policy: Quarterly Journal of Media Research and Resources, 123 – 134 http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1329878X1214500114

Boellstorff, Tom, et al.. 2012. Ethnography and virtual worlds : a handbook of method (Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP).

Postill, John. 2011. Localizing the Internet : an anthropological account (New York: Berghahn Books).

Postill, John. 2010. ‘Researching the Internet’, The journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute. , 16:3, 646-50.

Hine, Christine, ed.. 2005. Virtual methods : issues in social research on the Internet ISBN: 1845200853 (pbk); 1845200845 (cloth) (Oxford: Berg).

Hine, Christine. 2000. Virtual ethnography (London: Sage).

Multimodal approaches:

Jewitt, Carey, ed.. 2009. The Routledge Handbook of Multimodal Analysis (London: Routledge).

Kress, Gunther. 2009. Multimodality : a social semiotic approach to contemporary communication ISBN: 9780415320603 (hbk. : alk. paper); 0415320607 (hbk. : alk. paper); 9780415320610 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0415320615 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9780203970034 (ebook); 0203970039 (ebook) (London: Routledge).

Historical approaches:

Internet Archive Wayback Machine, https://archive.org/web/

Seefeldt, Douglas, and William G. Thomas. 2009. ‘What Is Digital History?’, Perspectives on History, https://www.historians.org/publications-and-directories/perspectives-on-history/may-2009/intersections-history-and-new-media/what-is-digital-history. See last section ‘Future Digital History’.

Godfrey, Donald G.. 2006. Methods of historical analysis in electronic media ISBN: 0805851860 (pbk.: alk. paper); 0805851852 (cloth: alk. paper) (Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum).

Startt, James D., and W. David Sloan. 2003. Historical methods in mass communication ISBN: 0805804331, revd edn (Vision Press).

Literary approaches:

Jockers, Matthew. 2013. Macroanalysis : digital methods and literary history ISBN: 9780252037528 (hbk.) : £68.00; 9780252079078 (pbk.) : £19.99; 9780252094767 (e-book) (Illinois: U of Illinois P).

Moretti, Franco 2013. Distant reading ISBN: 9781781680841 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9781781681121 (hbk. : alk. paper) (London: Verso).

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Theory

General – Scoping the Field/Discipline

See all the introductory texts. For a very comprehensive overview of topics, see:

David Bell and Barbara Kennedy, eds. 2007. The cybercultures reader (London: Roultedge) - nb. the second edition includes lots of new material.

David Bell and Barbara Kennedy, eds. 2000. The cybercultures reader (London: Roultedge).

ISBN: 0415183790 (pbk.) : £16.99; 0415183782

Identity and Representation

These are re identity and representation in ‘everyday practice’ online. Not re ‘cultural production’ as distinct art product/practice.

Thumim, Nancy. 2012. Self-representation and digital culture ISBN: 9781137265135; 9781137520173 (pbk.); 9780230229662 (hbk.) : £50.00; 0230229662 (hbk.) : £50.00; 9781137265135 (ebk.) (Palgrave Macmillian).

Baym, Nancy K.. 2010. Personal Connections in the Digital Age (Cambridge, Polity).

Non-Anglocentric Approaches

Maaya Network. 2012. Net Lang: Towards the Multilingual Cyberspace (Caen: C&F Editions), http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CI/CI/pdf/netlang_EN_pdfedition.pdf

Goggin, Gerard, and M. McLelland. 2009. Internationalizing Internet studies : beyond anglophone paradigms ISBN: 9780415878425 (pbk.); 9780415956253 (hbk.); 041587842X (pbk.); 0415956250 (hbk.) (New York: Routledge).

Race, Gender, Sexuality

Friedman, Elizabeth J.. 2016. Interpreting the Internet : feminist and queer counterpublics in Latin America ISBN: 9780520284517 (pbk.) : £22.95; 9780520284494 (hbk.) : £62.95 (Berkeley: U of California P).

Anid, Nada, Laurie Cantileno, Monique Morrow, and Rahilla Zafar, eds. 2016. The internet of women : accelerating culture change ISBN: 9788793379688 (hbk.) : no price; 8793379684 (hbk.) : no price; 9788793379671 (ebook) : No price (PLACE: River Publishers).

Nakamura, Lisa, and Peter A. Chow-White, eds. 2012. Race after the Internet (New York: Routledge).

Daniels, Jessie. 2009. ‘Rethinking Cyberfeminism(s): Race, Gender, and Embodiment’, WSQ : Women's Studies Quarterly , 37:1&2, 101-24.

Nakamura, Lisa. 2008. Digitizing race : visual cultures of the Internet (Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P). Esp. ‘Introduction: Digital Racial Formations and Networked Images of the Body’, pp. 1-35.

O’Riordan, Kate, and David J. Phillips, eds. 2007. Queer online : media technology and sexuality (New York: Lang).

Wajcman, Judy. 2004. TechnoFeminism ISBN: 0745630448 (pb : alk. paper); 074563043x (Cambridge: Polity). Esp. Ch. 3: ‘Virtual Gender’, pp. 56-77.

Kendall, Lori. 2002. Hanging Out in the Virtual Pub : Masculinities and Relationships Online (Berkeley: U of California P).

Kolko, Beth E., Lisa Nakamura, and Gilbert B. Rodman, eds. 2000. Race in cyberspace ISBN: 0415921635 (pbk); 0415921627 (New York: Routledge).

Latin American Digital Culture Studies

Chacón, Hilda, ed.. 2019. Online Activism in Latin America (New York: Routledge).

Penix-Tadsen, Phillip. 2016. Cultural code : video games and Latin America ISBN: 9780262334914 (e-book) (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).

Bush, Matthew, and Tania Gentic. 2016. Technology, literature, and digital culture in Latin America : mediatized sensibilities in a globalized era (New York: Routledge).

Taylor, Claire. 2014. Place and politics in Latin American digital culture : location and Latin American net art (New York: Routledge).

Taylor, Claire, and Thea Pitman. 2013. Latin American identity in online cultural production (New York: Routledge).

Taylor, Claire, and Thea Pitman, eds. 2007. Latin American cyberculture and cyberliterature ISBN: 9781846310614; 184631061X (Liverpool: Liverpool UP).

Digital Theory/Digital Culture Studies in Spanish/Portuguese

This is just a brief selection to give you a sense of the field. What is noticeable is that, so far as I can tell, there hasn’t been a huge drive to produce readers and companion volumes for cyberculture/digital culture. And much of what is written does base itself on cyberculture theory by European/North American authors (Pierre Lévy and others). That said, in Latin America, country by country, there is plenty of work being published on new ICTS, either in the field of communication studies or with a focus on e-literature. Most of the purportedly universalist texts about the Internet are published in Spain.

Martín-Barbero, Jesús, Carles Feixa and Mónica Figueras-Maz, eds. 2017. Jóvenes : Entre el palimpsesto y el hipertexto ISBN: 9788416737253 (Barcelona: Ned Ediciones).

Berzosa Martínez, Raúl. 2016. Cibercultura y Ecología ISBN: 9788483537725: Evangelizar en un cambio de época (Burgos: Monte Carmelo) – Spanish publication, re Christianity and new media.

Palhares, Maria Crisitina. 2014. A cibercultura e a expansão da área da comunicação ISBN: 9783639615838: Contribuições teóricas e metodológicas de outros campos do saber (Novas Edições Acadêmicas).

Turner. 2013. Cambio : 19 ensayos fundamentales sobre cómo internet está cambiando nuestras vidas ISBN: 9788415832447; 8415832443 ISBN: 9788415832447 (Madrid: BBVA).

Belisário, Adriano, and Bruno Tarin, eds. 2012. Copyfight : Pirataria & Cultura Livre (Rio: Beco do Azougue).

Valle de Frutos, Sonia. 2012. Cibercultura y civilización universal : Hacia un nuevo orden cultural ISBN: 9788492806638 (Madrid: Erasmus Editions).

Aguilar García, Teresa. 2010. Ontologia Cyborg ISBN: 9788497842488: el cuerpo en la nueva sociedad tecnológica (Madrid: Gedisa).

Sádaba, Igor, and Ángel Gordo, eds. 2008. Cultura digital y movimientos sociales ISBN: 9788483193976 (pbk) (Madrid: Los Libros de la Catarata).

Brea, José Luis. 2007. Cultura-Ram : mutaciones de la cultura en la era de su distribución electrónica ISBN: 9788497840163 (Madrid: Gedisa).

Ferrer, Aldo. 2001. De Cristóbal Colón a Internet : América Latina y la globalización ISBN: 9505572964 (Mexico City: Fondo de Cultura Económica).

Romano, Eduardo M.. 2000. La Cultura Digital ISBN: 9789508921000: navegantes de Internet, personalidades interactivas y agrupamientos virtuales (Buenos Aires: Lugar Editorial).

Cebrián, Juan Luis. 1998. La red : cómo cambiarán nuestras vidas los nuevos medios de comunicación : un informe al Club de Roma ISBN: 8430602771, revd edn (Madrid: Santillana).

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Cyberactivism and Digital Zapatismo

General Studies on Digital/Internet/Cyberactivism, Hactivism, Tactical Media, Digital Zapatismo, Electronic Civil Disobedience

Vlavo, Fidèle A. 2018. Performing digital activism : new aesthetics and discourses of resistance (New York: Routledge).

Chacón, Hilda, ed. 2019. Online Activism in Latin America (New York: Routledge).

Pickard, Victor and Guobin Yang. 2017. Media activism : charting an evolving field of research in the Digital Age (London: Routledge).

Fotopoulou, Aristea. 2017. Feminist activism and digital networks : between empowerment and vulnerability (London: Palgrave Macmillan).

Hill, Symon. 2013. Digital Revolutions : Activism in the Internet Age (Oxford: New Internationalist) - includes section on hastag activism.

Schaun, Angela, et al. 2013. ‘Brazilian Sicientific Production on Cyberactivism in the Communication Area from 2002 to 2012: A Preliminary Mapping’, Journal of Latin American Communication Research, 3:1, 36-56. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (srj 07/02/2018) 

Treré, Emiliano. 2012. ‘Social Movements as Information Ecologies: Exploring the Coevolution of Multiple Internet Technologies for Activism’, International Journal of Communication , 6, 1-19.

Hands, Joss. 2011. @ is for activism [electronic resource] : dissent, resistance and rebellion in a digital culture (London: Pluto Press)

Nayar, Pramod. 2010. ‘Tactical Media, Hactivism, and Cyberterrorism’, in An introduction to new media and cybercultures , Pramod Nayar (Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell), pp. 100-05.

Sádaba, Igor, and Ángel Gordo, eds. 2008. Cultura digital y movimientos sociales (Madrid: Los Libros de la Catarata).

Fuchs, Christian. 2008. Internet and society : social theory in the information age (New York: Routledge).

Zapata Galindo, Martha. 2008. ‘Internet, actores sociales y nuevas formas de organización y resistencia en las Américas’, in Más allá de la nación : medios, espacios comunicativos y nuevas comunidades imaginadas, ed. Sabine Hofmann. Berlin: Tranvía, pp. 87-108.

Tribe, Mark, Reena Jana and Uta Grosenick, eds. 2007. New media art (Berlin: Taschen).

Pitman, Thea. 2007. ‘Latin American Cyberprotest: Before and After the Zapatistas’, in Latin American cyberculture and cyberliterature , ed. Claire Taylor and Thea Pitman (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press), pp.86-110.

Clark, John D.. 2006. ‘Linking the Web and the Street: Internet-Based “Dotcauses” and the “Anti-globalization” Movement’, World development. , 34:1, 50-74.

Escobar, Arturo. 2005. ‘Other Worlds Are (Already) Possible: Cyber-Internationalism and Post-Capitalist Cultures’, Textos de la CiberSociedad, 5, Available online.

Kahn, Richard, and Douglas Kellner. 2004. ‘New Media and Internet Activism: From the “Battle of Seattle” to Blogging’, New media and society. , 6:1, 87-95.

Van de Donk, Wim, Brian D. Loader, Paul G. Nixon and Dieter Rucht. 2004. Cyberprotest : new media, citizens and social movements (London: Routledge).

Atton, Chris.2004. An alternative Internet (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press).

McCaughey, Martha and Michael D. Ayers. 2003. Cyberactivism : online activism in theory and practice (New York: Routledge).

Lane, Jill. 2003. ‘Digital Zapatistas’, TDR : The drama review. , 47:2, 129-44.

Jordan, Tim. 2010 [2002]. ‘Hactivism: All Together in the Virtual’, in The new media and cybercultures anthology , ed. Pramod Nayar (Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell), pp. 369-78.

Meikle, Graham. 2002. Future active : media activism and the Internet (New York: Routledge).

Lovink, Geert. 2002. Dark fiber : tracking critical internet culture (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).

Critical Art Ensemble. 2001. Digital resistance : explorations in tactical media (New York: Autonomedia).

Escobar, Arturo. 1999. ‘Gender, Place and Networks: A Political Ecology of Cyberculture’, in Women@Internet : creating new cultures in cyberspace, ed. Wendy Harcourt. London: Zed Books, pp. 31-54.

Ayers, Jeffrey M.. 1999. ‘From the Streets to the Internet: The Cyber-Diffusion of Contention’, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. , 566, 132-43.

Castells, Manuel. 2010. The Information Age, II: The Power of Identity. 2nd ed. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. [First published 1997.]

Loader, Brian D.. 1997. ‘The Governance of Cyberspace: Politics, Technology and Global Restructuring’, in The governance of cyberspace : politics, technology and global restructuring , ed. Brian D. Loader (London: Routledge), pp. 1-19.

Zapatismo – General

Callahan, Manuel. 2005. ‘Why Not Share a Dream? Zapatismo as Political and Cultural Practice’, Humboldt Journal of Social Relations, 29:1, 6-37. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (SRJ 21/11/2017) 

Holloway, John. 2005. ‘Zapatismo urbano’, Humboldt Journal of Social Relations, 29:1, 168-78, http://www.schoolsforchiapas.org/library/zapatismo-urbano/

González, Mike. 2000. ‘The Zapatistas: The Challenges of Revolution in a New Millennium’, International Socialism Journal, 89, http://pubs.socialistreviewindex.org.uk/isj89/gonzalez.htm.

Electronic Disturbance Theatre, Ricardo Domínguez et al. – Primary Materials and Criticism

Primary Materials

http://www.thing.net/~rdom/, see in particular Transborder Immigrant Tool (2007-08), https://post.thing.net/node/1642, or Fusco, Coco, and Ricardo Domínguez. 2005. Turista fronterizo, https://www.thing.net/~cocofusco/StartPage.html.

Criticism

Zeffiro, Andrea. 2015. 'Locative Praxis: Transborder Poetics and Activist Potentials of Experimental Locative Media', in Rowan Wilken and Gerard Goggin, Locative media (New York: Routledge), pp. 66-80.

Hudson, Dale, and Patricia R. Zimmermann. 2015. Thinking through digital media : transnational environments and locative places (New York: Palgrae Macmillan) - see Chapter 2.

Marino, Mark C. 2013. ‘Code as Ritualized Poetry: The Tactics of the Transborder Immigrant Tool’, Digital Humanities Quarterly, 7:1. http://www.digitalhumanities.org/dhq/vol/7/1/000157/000157.html.

Dunbar, Alex. 2009. ‘Follow the Gps, Ése’, Vice, 2 November, https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/gqdg9x/follow-the-gps-225-v16n1.

Cárdenas, Micha, Amy Sara Carroll, Ricardo Domínguez and Brett Stalbaum. 2009. ‘The Transborder Immigrant Tool: Violence, Solidarity and Hope in Post-NAFTA Circuits of Bodies Electr(on)/ic’, Proceedings of the MobileHCI Conference 2009, http://www.tacticalmediafiles.net/articles/3470/The-Transborder-Immigrant-Tool_-Violence_-Solidarity-and-Hope-in-Post_NAFTA-Circuits-of-Bodies-Electr_on__ic.

Fusco, Coco. 2003. ‘On-Line Simulations/Real-Life Politics: A Discussion with Ricardo Domínguez on Staging Virtual Theatre’, TDR : The drama review. , 47:2, 151-62.

Fran Ilich – Primary Materials and Criticism

Primary Materials

Ilich, Fran. 2011. Otra narrativa es posible : imaginación política en la era de internet (Córdoba, Argentina: Recovecos).

———. 2008–. Diego de la Vega s.a. de c.v., https://web.archive.org/web/20150801070149/http://diegodelavega.net/.

———. 2006–. sabotage.tv. https://web.archive.org/web/20170205021834/http://sabotage.tv/.

———. 2006–. Spacebank, https://web.archive.org/web/20161005144911/http://spacebank.org/.

———. 2005–. possibleworlds.org, https://web.archive.org/web/20131005000534/http://possibleworlds.org/.

See also the EZLN’s Comparte and Comparte Digital festivals. 2017. https://web.archive.org/web/20170721004522/https://comparte.digital/

Criticism

Baugh, Scott L.. 2008. ‘Hecho en México, @cross “Digital Divides”: Border Graffiti and Narrative-Cinema Codes in Una Ciudad’s City’, in Mediating Chicana/o culture : multicultural American vernacular, ed. Scott L. Baugh (Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing), pp.140-64.

Fallon, Paul. 2007. ‘Negotiating a (Border Literary) Community Online en la línea’, in Latin American cyberculture and cyberliterature , ed. Claire Taylor and Thea Pitman (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press), pp.161-75.

Sandoval, Hugo. 2006. ‘“Hacktivismo”: la protesta alcanza a internet’, El Universal, 14 May, Available online

Lanier, Jaron. 2006. ‘Digital Maoism: The Hazards of the New Online Collectivism’, Edge, 30 May, 186, http://www.edge.org/3rd_culture/lanier06/lanier06_index.html.

Otra información, La. c.2006-2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20070726113207/http://www.laotrainformacion.org/.

Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra (MST)

http://www.mst.org.br/

Sartoretto, Paola Madrid/ 2016. ‘Between Opportunities and Threats : An Analysis of Brazilian Landless Workers’ Movement Experiences with New Media Technologies’, Observatorio (OBS*) Journal: Media, Internet and Social Movements in the Context of Asymmetries, 35-53. - Available online: http://obs.obercom.pt/index.php/obs/article/view/1092

Sartoretto, Paola. 2016. ‘The Circumstantial Media Activist : An Analysis of the Relation between Media and Political Representation’, Javnost : the public : Journal of the European Institute for Communication and Culture, 23 : 3, 273-89.

Duarte Barbosa, Gabriel F., et al. 2016. ‘O Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais sem Terra (MST) nas redes sociais on-line: identidade e representação’, paper given at IX Simpósio ABCiber, PUC São Paulo, 8-10 December. Available online 

Tejera, Marta Helena Dornelles. 2012. ‘Ciberdemocracia e Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais sem Terra : Prácticas comunicacionais no terreno da esfera pública virtual’, unpublished PhD thesis. PUC Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre. http://repositorio.pucrs.br/dspace/handle/10923/2174

Hashtag Activism: #niunamenos #nemumamenos

Luengo, María. 2017. ‘Gender Violence: The Media, Civil Society, and the Struggle for Human Rights in Argentina’, Media, culture & society. , online first, 1-18.

Lotto Persio, Sofia. 2016. ‘Fatal Rape of Teenage Girl in Argentina Spurs #NiUnaMenos Solidarity Protests across Latin America’, International Business Times, 20 October, http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/fatal-rape-teenage-girl-argentina-spurs-niunamenos-solidarity-protests-across-latin-america-1587369

Moscato, Derek. 2016. ‘Media Portrayals of Hastag Activism: A Framing Analysis of Canadas’ #Idlenomore Movement’, Media and Communication, 4:2, 3-12. - Available online: https://www.cogitatiopress.com/mediaandcommunication/article/view/416

Martini, Debora. 2016. ‘Brazilian Feminism on the Rise: A Case Study on Brazilian Feminist Cyberactivism’, unpublished MA dissertation, Linköping University, Sweden. http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:945171/FULLTEXT01.pdf

Cabral, Paz, and Juan Antonio Acacio. 2016. ‘La violencia de género como problema público: las movilizaciones por “Ni una menos” en la Argentina’, Questión: Revista Especializada en Periodismo y Comunicación, 51, 170-187. - Available online: http://perio.unlp.edu.ar/ojs/index.php/question/article/view/3388

Rosales, María Belén. 2016. ‘#NiUnaMenos y los debates fundantes en comunicación y género’, Con X, 2, 1-39. - Available online: http://perio.unlp.edu.ar/ojs/index.php/conequis/article/view/CXe10

Rovetto, Florencia Laura. 2015. ‘Violencia contra las mujeres: comunicación visual y acción política en “Ni una menos” y “Vivas nos queremos”’, Contratexto, 24, 13-34. - Available online: https://revistas.ulima.edu.pe/index.php/contratexto/article/view/585

Hill, Symon. 2013. Digital Revolutions : Activism in the Internet Age (Oxford: New Internationalist) - includes section on hastag activism.

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Indigenous appropriations of new media

General Studies re indigeneity and new media

Alia, Valerie. 2010. The new media nation : indigenous peoples and global communication (New York: Berghahn).

Wilson, Pamela, and Michelle Stewart, eds. 2008. Global indigenous media : cultures, poetics, and politics Durham, NC: Duke UP).

Dyson, Laurel Evelyn, Max Hendriks and Stephen Grant, eds. 2007. Information technology and indigenous people (Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing).

Landzelius, Kyra, ed.. 2006. Native on the Net : indigenous and diasporic peoples in the virtual age (London: Routledge).

Christensen, Neil Blair. 2003. Inuit in cyberspace : embedding offline identities online (Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum P, U of Copenhagen).

Ginsburg, Faye D., Lila Abu-Lughod and Brian Larkin, eds. 2002. Media worlds : anthropology on new terrain (Berkeley, University of California Press).

‘The Internet and Indigenous Groups’. 1997. Special Issue, Cultural Survival Quarterly, 21:4, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/publications/cultural-survival-quarterly/21-4-internet-and-indigenous-groups.

Gabriel, Teshome H., and Fabian Wagmister. 1997. 'Notes on Weavin’ Digital: T(h)inkers at the Loom', Social identities, 3, 333-43.

Indigeneity and new media in Latin America

Ruíz, Yenibel. 2016. ‘Digital Native Media Inform and Empower Rural and Indigenous Communities in Latin America’, Knight Center for Journalism in the Americas, 26 July, https://knightcenter.utexas.edu/blog/00-17322-digital-native-media-inform-and-empower-rural-and-indigenous-communities-latin-america

Cusi Wortham, Erica. 2013. Indigenous media in Mexico [electronic book] : culture, community, and the state (Durham, NC: Duke University Press).

Devine Guzmán, Tracy. 2012. ‘Writing Indigenous Activism in Brazil: Belo Monte and the Acampamento Indígena Revolucionário’, Contracorriente , 10:1, 280-309.

Ferreira, Eliane Fernandes. 2011. ‘Brazilian Indigenous Peoples and the Debate on Authenticity and Cultural Change’, Indiana, 28, 395-408, http://www.redalyc.org/html/2470/247022796017/

Forte, Maximilian C.. 2002. ‘"We Are Not Extinct": The Revival of Carib and Taino Identities, the Internet, and the Transformation of Offline Indigenes into Online "N-digenes"', Sincronía ISSN: 1562-384x , 22, http://sincronia.cucsh.udg.mx/CyberIndigen.htm.

Grussing Abdel-Moneim, Sarah. 2002. 'O Ciborgue Zapatista: Tecendo a poética virtual de resistência no Chiapas cibernético', Estudos Feministas 10, 39-64, http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0104-026X2002000100003&script=sci_abstract&tlng=pt

Ayriwa Pilco, Sami. 2000. 'La red de internet y los pueblos indígenas de América Latina: experiencias y perspectivas', MA dissertation, University of Bergen, http://www.eurosur.org/TIPI/sami.htm.

Forte, Maximilian C.. 1999, 'From Smoke Ceremonies to Cyberspace: Globalized Indigeneity, Multi-sited Research, and the Internet', paper presented at the Annual Canadian Anthropological Society Conference, U Laval, Québec, 12-16 May, https://indigenouscaribbean.files.wordpress.com/2008/05/forteinternetsmoke.pdf.

O’Donnell, Susan, and Guillermo Delgado. 1995. ‘Using the Internet to Strengthen the Indigenous Nations of the Americas’, Journal of Media Development, 42:3, 36-38. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Civallero, Edgardo. N.d. ‘Pueblos indígenas sudamericanos en la web: algunos ejemplos aymara y mapuche’, https://issuu.com/edgardo-civallero/docs/pueblos_ind__genas_sudamericanos_en.

Gómez Mont, Carmen. N.d. ‘Los usos sociales de internet en comunidades indígenas mexicanas’, http://www.portalcomunicacion.com/dialeg/paper/pdf/85_mont.pdf.

Colonialist Discourse and the Internet: Examples and Critiques

Poster, Mark. 1998. 'Virtual Ethnicity: Tribal Identity in an Age of Global Communications', in Steven G. Jones, ed., CyberSociety 2.0 : revisiting computer-mediated communication and community (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage), pp. 184-211.

Prensky, Marc. 2001. 'Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants', On the horizon. , 9.5, https://www.marcprensky.com/writing/Prensky%20-%20Digital%20Natives,%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part1.pdf

Sardar, Ziauddin. 2000 [1996]. 'Alt.civilizations.faq: Cyberspace as the Darker Side of the West', in David Bell and Barbara M. Kennedy, eds, The cybercultures reader London: Routledge), pp. 732-52.

Barlow, John Perry. 1996. 'A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace', Electronic Frontier Foundation: Defending Your Rights in the Digital World, 8 Feb, https://projects.eff.org/~barlow/Declaration-Final.html.

Rheingold, Howard. 2000 [1993]. The virtual community : homesteading on the electronic frontier (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).

Índios Online

Primary Materials

Indígenas digitais. 2010. Dir. Sebastián Gerlic. Prod. Thydêwá and Cardim Soluções Integradas. Spons. Oi, Fazcultura, Governo do Estado da Bahia, Secretaria da Fazenda, Secretaria da Cultura. Documentary film. http://www.thydewa.org/downloads1/.

Kariri-Xocó, Nhenety, e outros indígenas. 2007. Arco digital: Uma rede para aprender a pescar. Ed. Derval Cardoso Gramacho and Sebastián Gerlic. Maceió, Alagoas: Ideário; http://www.thydewa.org/downloads/arco.pdf.

Índios Online. 2004–. Website. 2004-2011: http://www.indiosonline.org.br/. 2011–: http://www.indiosonline.net/.

Context and Criticism

There are lots of MA theses and journalistic articles available online if you Google ‘Índios Online’. Most of them are not wildly critical, but they can at least provide a bit more context for you.

Fellet, João. 2013. 'Indigenous Brazilians Use Web to Fight for Rights', BBC News, 5 June, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-22787583.

Clarke, Margaret Anne. 2012. 'Digital Brazil: Open-Source Nation and the Meta-recycling of Knowledge', in Kathy Bacon and Niamh Thornton, eds, The noughties in the hispanic and Lusophone world (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing), pp. 203-17.

Zoettl, Peter Anton 2012. 'Participatory Video as a Means of Reflection and Self-reflection about the Image and Identity of Re-emerging Indigenous Groups in North-eastern Brazil', Anthropology in Action, 19.2, 17-26. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Assunção, Matthias Röhrig, ed.. 2011. Special section dedicated to ‘Novas etnicidades no Brasil: Quilombolas e índios emergentes’, Iberoamericana. PAGES.

Dos Santos, Alex Barbosa. 2011. ‘Inclusão digital e comunidades indígenas: a internet como parceira’, paper presented at IV Seminário Povos Indígenas e Sustentabilidades’, Boa Vista, Universidad Católica Dom Bosco, 29 July, http://www.indioeduca.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/Inclus%C3%A3o-Digital-e-Comunidades-ind%C3%ADgenas-Para-%C3%8Dndio-Educa.pdf

Klein, Tatiane, and Nicodème de Renesse. c.2011. ‘O que dizem (e pensam) os índios sobre as políticas de inclusão digital?’, Povos Indígenas no Brasil, http://pib.socioambiental.org/pt/c/iniciativas-indigenas/web-indigena/o-que-dizem-e-pensam-os-indios-sobre-as-politicas-de-inclusao-digital.

French, Jan Hoffman. 2009. Legalizing identities : becoming Black or Indian in Brazil's northeast (Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P).

Pinto, Alejandra Aguilar. 2008. ‘A “inclusão digital indígena” na sociedade da informação’, Revista Ibero-americana de Ciência da Informação, 1:2. Available online

Pereira, Eliete da Silva. 2007. 'Ciborgues indígena@s.br : a presença nativa no ciberespaço ', MA dissertation, Universidade de Brasilia.

Arruti, José Maurício. 2006. 'A situação no Nordeste', Povos Indígenas no Brasil, https://pib.socioambiental.org/pt/c/no-brasil-atual/quem-sao/a-situacao-no-nordeste.

Warren, Jonathan W.. 2001. Racial revolutions : antiracism and Indian resurgence in Brazil (Durham, NC: Duke UP).

De Oliveira, João Pacheco. 1998. 'Uma etnologia dos "indios misturados"? Situação colonial, territorialização e fluxos culturais', Mana : estudos de antropologia social , 4,47-77, http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-93131998000100003

Asociación de Cabildos Indígenas del Norte del Cauca (ACIN)

Primary Materials

'Tejido Comunicación y Relaciones Externas para la Verdad y la Vida', 2013. ACIN website, 5 May, http://nasaacin.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=60:tejido-&catid=54:comunicacion-y-relaciones-externas&Itemid=57

Asociación de Cabildos Indígenas del Norte del Cauca / Çxhab Wala Kiwe, Territorio del Gran Pueblo (ACIN). 2003–. Website. 2003-2008: http://www.nasaacin.net/. 2008–: http://www.nasaacin.org/.

Context and Criticism

Almendra, Vilma. 2017. Entre la emancipación y la captura: memorias y caminos desde la lucha nasa en Colombia (Mexico: Pueblos en Camino; Pensaré Cartoneras; En cortito que’s pa’largo; Grietas), https://issuu.com/pensarecartoneras/docs/interiores_web_vilma_almendra

Herrera Huerfano, Eliana, and Francisco Sierra Caballero. 2016. 'Comunicación y pueblos indígenas en Colombia: Apuntes sobre la necesidad de una política pública', in Claudia Magallanes Blanco and José Manuel Ramos Rodríguez, eds, Miradas propias : pueblos indígenas, comunicación y medios en la sociedad global (Puebla: Centro Internacional de Estudios Superiores de Comunicación para América Latina, U Iberoamericana Puebla), pp. 45-58.

Troyan, Brett. 2015. Cauca's indigenous movement in southwestern Colombia : land, violence, and ethnic identity Lanham, MD: Lexington).

Almendra, Vilma, Gustavo Ulcué, Diana Giraldo et al.. 2013. 'Resistir para salvar la vida: creatividad política y educación. El caso de la asociación de cabildos indígenas del Norte del Cauca', in Rocío Rueda Ortiz, Andrés David Fonseca Díaz and Lina María Ramírez Sierra, eds, Ciberciudadanías, cultura política y creatividad social (Bogotá: Universidad Pedagógica Nacional, Doctorado Interinstitucional en Educación), pp. 115-35, - Available online: http://biblioteca.clacso.edu.ar/Colombia/dcs-upn/20170801033504/pdf_396.pdf

Rozental, Emmanuel, and Vilma Almendra. 2012. 'Nasa: Communication for Life', NACLA Report on the Americas, https://nacla.org/article/nasa-communication-life.

Almendra Quiguanás, Vilma, Diana Giraldo Cadavid, Rocío Gómez Zúñiga et al.. 2011. Tierra y silicio : cómo la palabra y la acción política de pueblos indígenas cultivan entornos digitales (Santiago de Cali: Universidad del Valle).

Murillo, Mario Alfonso. 2011. 'Un tejido de comunicación: medios comunitarios y planes de vida en el norte del Cauca', in José Miguel Pereira G. and Amparo Cadavid B., eds, Comunicación, desarrollo y cambio social : interrelaciones entre comunicación, movimientos ciudadanos y medios (Bogotá: Pontifícia U Javeriana and Corporación Universitaria Minuto de Dios), pp. 157-89.

Almendra Quiguanás, Vilma Rocío. 2010. Encontrar la palabra perfecta: experiencia del Tejido de Comunicación del pueblo nasa en Colombia (Santiago de Cali: Universidad Autónoma de Occidente), http://www.researchgate.net/publication/264668223_Encontrar_la_palabra_perfecta_Experiencia_del_tejido_de_comunicacin_del_pueblo_NASA_en_Colombia.

Gow, David D.. 2008. Countering Development : Indigenous Modernity and the Moral Imagination Durham, NC: Duke UP).

Wilches-Chaux, Gustavo. 2005. Proyecto nasa: la construcción del plan de vida de un pueblo que sueña (Bogotá: Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo), http://www.cecidic.edu.co/IMG/pdf/proyecto_nasa.pdf

Paz Martínez, Patricia. 2004. 'Políticas de gestión del conocimiento y usos sociales de nuevas tecnologías de información y comunicación, TIC', MA dissertation, Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales Sede Ecuador, Quito, http://repositorio.flacsoandes.edu.ec/handle/10469/343#.WTa4zsbTWUk  

Other Latin American Primary Materials

Jënpoj, http://jenpojradio.info/ - see Kummels, Ingrid. 2017. Transborder Media Spaces: Ayuujk Videomaking between Mexico and the US (New York: Berghahn) - use index to find information re their use of Facebook.

Cayuqueo, Pedro. 2012. Solo por ser indios (Santiago: Catalonia), @pcayuqueo, https://www.facebook.com/pcayuqueo/, and Mapunet: https://www.mapunet.org/

Rising Voices, https://rising.globalvoices.org/, including Lenguas Indígenas, https://rising.globalvoices.org/lenguas/

Association for Progressive Communications, https://www.apc.org/es

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Political blogging and independent journalism

General Studies: Blogging and Independent Journalism

(See also previous section on Cyberactivism and Digital Zapatismo)

Multiple Journalism: A Field Guide for Independent Journalists, http://multiplejournalism.org/

Index on Censorship: The Voice of Free Expression, http://www.indexoncensorship.org/

Knight Center for Journalism in the Americas, https://knightcenter.utexas.edu/

Chacón, Hilda, ed. 2017. Online Activism in Latin America (New York: Routledge).

Pickard, Victor, and Guobin Yang, eds. 2017. Media activism in the digital age . (London: Routledge).

Tufte, Thomas. 2017. Communication and social change : a citizen perspective (London: Polity).

Franklin, Bob. 2016. The future of journalism In an Age of Digital Media and Economic Uncertainty (London: Routledge).

Phillips, Angela. 2015. Journalism in context : practice and theory for the digital age (London: Routledge).

Wolfson, Todd. 2014. Digital rebellion : the birth of the cyber left (Champaign: U of Illinois P).

Harcup, Tony. 2013. Alternative journalism, alternative voices (London: Routledge).

Downing, John D.H.. 2011. Encyclopedia of social movement media ISBN: 9780761926887 (Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE).

Pole, Antoinette. 2010. Blogging the political : politics and participation in a networked society (New York: Routledge).

Bruns, Axel. 2008. Blogs, Wikipedia, Second life, and Beyond : from production to produsage (New York: Lang).

Lugo-Ocando, Jairo. 2008. The media in Latin America (Maidenhead: McGraw Hill, Open University Press).

Walker Rettberg, Jill. 2008. Blogging (Cambridge: Polity).

Russell, Adrienne, and Nabil Echchaibi. 2009. International blogging : identity, politics and networked publics (New York: Lang).

Lovink, Geert. 2008. Zero comments : blogging and critical Internet culture (New York: Routledge).

Lowenstein, Antony. 2008. The blogging revolution : how the newest media revolution is changing politics, business and culture in India, China, Iran, Syria, Egypt, Cuba and Saudi Arabia (Carlton, Vic.: Melbourne University Press).

Pickard, Victor. 2006. ‘Assessing the Radical Democracy of Indymedia: Discursive, Technical, and Institutional Constructions, Critical studies in media communication , 23:1, 19-38.

Tremayne, Mark, ed.. 2006. Blogging, citizenship, and the future of media (New York: Routledge).

Bruns, Axel. 2004. Gatewatching : collaborative online news production (New York: Lang).

Gillmor, Dan. 2004. We the media : grassroots journalism by the people, for the people (Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly Media).

Atton, Chris. 2004. An alternative Internet Radical Media, Politics and Creativity (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press).

Kahn, Richard, and Douglas Kellner. 2004. 'New Media and Internet Activism: From the "Battle of Seattle" to Blogging', New media and society. , 6:1, 87-95.

Platon, Sara and Mark Deuze. 2003. ‘Indymedia Journalism: A Radical Way of Making, Selecting and Sharing News?’, Journalism. , 4, 336-55.

Meikle, Graham. 2002. Future active : media activism and the Internet (New York: Routledge).

Major Examples of International Scope:

Indymedia (across the globe) - https://www.indymedia.org.uk/

Agencia Latinoamericana de Información (Ecuador base, but across region) - https://www.alainet.org/

Yoani Sánchez (and the Cuban blogoshere)

Primary Materials:

Sánchez,Yoani. Generación Y. 2011. Havana real : one woman fights to tell the truth about Cuba today , trans. M.J. Porter (Brooklyn: Melville House).

Sánchez,Yoani. 2010. Cuba libre : vivir y escribir en La Habana (Barcelona: Mondadori).

Sánchez,Yoani. 2007–. Previously: http://desdecuba.com/generaciony/. Now: http://www.14ymedio.com/blogs/generacion_y/.

Other bloggers: see the portal Desde Cuba, http://www.desdecuba.com/

Criticism:

Sierra-Rivera, Judith. 2018. 'Afro-Cuban Cyberfeminism: Love/Sexual Revolution in Sandra Alvarez Ramírez's Blogging', Latin American research review, 53:2, 330-43.

Calvo Peña, Beatriz, ed.. 2010. Buena Vista Social Blog : Internet y libertad de expresión en Cuba (Valencia: Advana Vieja).

Uxó, Carlos. 2010. 'Internet Politics in Cuba', Telecommunications Journal of Australia, 60:1, 12.1-12.16. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/247858490_Internet_politics_in_Cuba

Venegas, Cristina. 2010. Digital dilemmas : the state, the individual, and digital media in Cuba (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press).

Voeux, Claire. 2008. ‘Cuba: No Surrender by Independent Journalists, Five Years on from “Black Spring”’, with contributions by Benoît Hervieu, Reporters without Borders, https://web.archive.org/web/20160109093634/http://www.rsf.org/IMG/pdf/Cuba_report.pdf

Sullivan, Laura and Víctor Fernández. 2000. 'Cybercuba.com(munist): Electronic Literacy, Resistance, and Postrevolutionary Cuba', in Gail E. Hawisher and Cynthia L. Selfe, eds, Global literacies and the World-Wide Web (London: Routledge), pp. 217-50.

Mídia Ninja and other online independent journalism outlets in Brazil

Mídia Ninja (Narrativas Independentes, Jornalismo e Ação), 2013–, http://midianinja.org/

Other outlets: 247, Diario do Centro do Mundo, Vi o Mundo, GGN, Carta Maior,

Criticism:

‘Mídia Ninja’, Multiple Journalism, http://multiplejournalism.org/case/ma-dia-ninja-2 - basic case study with lots of links to contextualise.

Monteiro de Souza, Rafael Ramos. 2014. ‘Inverse Surveillance, Activist Journalism and the Brazilian Protests: The Mídia NINJA Case’ Birkbeck law review , 2:2, 211-27, http://www.bbklr.org/uploads/1/4/5/4/14547218/211_inverse-surveillance_2-2.pdf

Watts, Jonathan. 2013. ‘Brazil's Ninja Reporters Spread Stories from the Streets’, The Guardian, 29 Aug., https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/aug/29/brazil-ninja-reporters-stories-streets

Spuldar, Rafael. 2013. ‘Brazil's Mídia Ninja Covers Demonstrations from the Inside’, Index on Censorship: The Voice of Free Expression, 13 Aug., http://www.indexoncensorship.org/2013/08/brazils-midia-ninja-covers-demonstrations-from-the-inside/

Mazotte, Natalia, 2013, ‘Mídia NINJA: An Alternative Journalism Phenomenon that Emerged from the Protests in Brazil’, Journalism in the Americas Blog, 25 July, https://knightcenter.utexas.edu/blog/00-14204-midia-ninja-alternative-journalism-phenomenon-emerged-protests-brazil

Matos, Carolina. 2012. Media and politics in Latin America [electronic resource] : globalization, democracy and identity (London: IB Tauris).

Penteado, Cláudio, Marcelo dos Santos and Rafael Araújo. 2009. ‘O movimento Cansei na blogosfera: o debate nos blogs de política’, in Adriana Amaral, Raquel Recuero and Sandra Montardo, eds, Blogs.com: estudos sobre blogs e comunicaçaõ (São Paulo: Momento Editorial), pp. 135-59. - Available online: https://jornalggn.com.br/blog/spin-na-rede/livro-blogscom-estudo-sobre-blogs-e-comunicacao

Recuero, Raquel. 2008. ‘Information Flows and Social Capital in Weblogs: A Case Study in the Brazilian Blogosphere’, ACM Conference on Hypertext and Hypermedia: Proceedings of Hypertext 2008, pp.1-11. http://pontomidia.com.br/raquel/ht08fp009recuerofinal.pdf.

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E-literature and net.art

Primary Materials

For e-poetry:

Luis Correa-Díaz, ed.. 2016. ‘Poesía digital latinoamericana: muestrario crítico y creativo’, AErea: Revista Hispanoamericana de Poesía, 10, 113-68 (covers works in Spanish and Portuguese, from across Latin America.) - Available online: http://litelat.net/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/Separata-Poesia-Digital-Latinoamericana.pdf

Kac, Eduardo, ed. 1996-97. International Anthology of Digital Poetry, CD-Rom (Chicago: New Media Editions). (Kac is Brazilian - lots of other Brazilian and Latin American artists included.)  

Kac, Eduardo, ed. 2007 [1996]. Media poetry : an international anthology, 2nd revd edn (Bristol: Intellect). [First published as ‘New Media Poetry: Poetic Innovation and New Technologies’, special issue of Visible Language, 30:2.]  

Gache, Belén, WordToys. 1996-2006. http://findelmundo.com.ar/wordtoys/index.htm (Spain-Argentina)

Fábio Oliveira Nunes’s blog: Web arte no Brasil - examples of Brazilian hypertext fiction and electronic poetry, http://www.fabiofon.com/webartenobrasil/.

For hypertext/hypermedia narrative:

Doménico Chiappe et al.. 1996-2007. Tierra de extracción. http://collection.eliterature.org/2/works/chiappe__tierra_de_extraccion.html Video of a sample reading: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=32aHTzhdjik (Venezuela)

For net art:

Rhizome, Net Art Anthology. 2016–. https://anthology.rhizome.org/ - includes Brazilian Corpos Informáticos and Eduardo Kac, plus Electronic Disturbance Theater (Chicano/Latino) and Mariela Yéregui (Argentina).

Netescopio: Visor del Arte en Red de MEIAC (Museo Extremeño e Iberamericano de Arte Contemporáneo), http://netescopio.meiac.es/

Gache, Belén, Word Market. 2012-16. http://turbulence.org/Works/word-market/ (Spain-Argentina) Offline now, but try the Wayback Machine.

Cuevas, Minerva, Mejor Vida Corp. 1998-2015. http://www.irational.org/ (Mexico)

Chico, Marinho, et al.. 2006. Palavrador, http://collection.eliterature.org/2/works/marinho_palavrador/palavrador.mp4 (artists from Brazil and beyond)

Mackern, Brian Net Art Latino Database. 2000-2005. http://netart.org.uy/latino/, and the book version, which also includes critical essays: Casares, Nilo, ed.. 2009. netart latino “database” (Badajoz: MEIAC). (Uruguay, but links to work from across Latin America)

Devis, Juan, Net Art Colombia, DATE, http://www.banrepcultural.org (Colombia)

General Criticism – E-literature

Electronic Literature Organization, http://eliterature.org/  

Ryan, Marie-Laure, Lori Emerson and Benjamin J. Robertson. 2014. The The Johns Hopkins guide to digital media (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins UP).

Funkhouser, Christopher Thompson. 2012. New Directions in Digital Poetry ISBN: 9781441195678 (e-book). (New York: Continuum).

Strickland, Stephanie. 2010. ‘Born Digital: A Poet in the Forefront of the Field Explore What Is – and Is Not – Electronic Literature’, Poetry Foundation, http://www.poetryfoundation.org/article/182942.

Glazier, Loss Pequeño. 2008. Digital poetics : the making of E-poetries ISBN: 0817310754 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0817310746 (cloth : alk. paper); CIP entry (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press).

Hayles, Katherine. 2008. Electronic Literature : New Horizons for the Literary ISBN: 9780268081621 (e-book) (Indiana: U of Notre Dame P).

Wardrip-Fruin, Noah, and Pat Harrigan, eds. 2006. First person : new media as story, performance, and game ISBN: 0262232324; 0262731754 (pbk.) (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).

Landow, George P.. 2006. Hypertext 3.0 : critical theory and new media in an era of globalization (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins UP).

Ciccoricco, David. 2007. Reading network fiction ISBN: 9780817358167 (paperback); 9780817380090 (ebook) (Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama P).

Funkhouser, Christopher Thompson. 2007. Prehistoric digital poetry : an archaeology of forms, 1959-1995. (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press).

Morris, Adelaide, and Thomas Swiss, eds. 2006. New media poetics : contexts, technotexts, and theories ISBN: 9780262280211 (e-book) (Cambridge, MA: MIT University Press).

Montfort, Nick. 2003. Twisty little passages : an approach to interactive fiction ISBN: 0262633183 (pbk); 0262134365 (alk. paper) (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).

Hayles, N. Katherine. 1999. How we became posthuman : virtual bodies in cybernetics, literature, and informatics (Chicago: U of Chicago P).

Bolter, Jay David, and Richard Grusin. 1999. Remediation : understanding new media ISBN: 0262522799 (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).

Landow, George P.. 1997. Hypertext 2.0 : the convergence of contemporary critical theory and technology ISBN: 0801855861 (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins UP).

Aarseth, Espen J.. 1997. Cybertext : perspectives on ergodic literature ISBN: 9780801855795; 0801855799 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0801855780 (alk. paper) (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins UP).

Landow, George P., ed.. 1994. Hyper/text/theory ISBN: 0801848385 (pbk) : £14.00; 0801848377 (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins UP).

Landow, George P.. 1992. Hypertext : the convergence of contemporary critical theory and technology ISBN: 0801842808; 0801842816 (pbk) (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins UP).

Bolter, Jay David. 1991. Writing space : the computer, hypertext, and the history of writing. ISBN: 0805804277; 0805804285 (Hillsdale: Erlbaum)

Latin America-specific Criticism – E-literature

Pitman, Thea. 2018. ‘(New) Media Poetry’, The Cambridge Companion to Latin American Poetry ISBN: 9781316647851 (Cambridge: U of Cambridge P).

Mencía, María, ed. 2017. #WomenTechLit ISBN: 9781943665907; 1943665907 (Morgantown, WV: Computing Literature) – includes a number of chapters re Latin American topics.

Bush, Matthew and Tania Gentic. 2016. Technology, literature, and digital culture in Latin America : mediatized sensibilities in a globalized era ISBN: 9781138844360 (hbk); 9781315730431 (ebk) (New York: Routledge).

Luis Correa-Díaz, ed.. 2016. ‘Poesía digital latinoamericana: muestrario crítico y creativo’, AErea: Revista Hispanoamericana de Poesía, 10, 113-68. - Available online: http://litelat.net/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/Separata-Poesia-Digital-Latinoamericana.pdf

Correa-Díaz, Luis and Scott Weintraub, eds. 2016. Poesía y poéticas digitales / electrónicas / tecnos / New-Media en América Latina (Bogotá: Editorial Universidad Central), Available online 

Gainza, Carolina. 2016. ‘Literatura chilena en digital: mapas, estéticas y conceptualizaciones’, Revista Chilena de Literatura, 94, 233-56. - Available online: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-22952016000300012

Cleger, Osvaldo. 2015. ‘La creación ciberliteraria: definición, perfil y carta de navegación para orientarse en un campo emergente’, Letras Hispanas, 11, 262-80. - Available online: http://gato-docs.its.txstate.edu/jcr:e61fb94c-8fba-4ab0-8afa-371438ea183a/2016-02-08%20Cleger.pdf

Ledesma, Eduardo. 2015. ‘The Poetics and Politics of Computer Code in Latin America: Codework, Code Art, and Live Coding’, Revista de Estudios Hispánicos, 49:1, 91-120. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (srj 04/01/2018) 

Cleger, Osvaldo, and Philip Penix-Tadsen. 2015. ‘Paperless Text: Digital Storytelling in Latin America and Spain, 1976-2016’, Special section in Letras Hispanas, 11, 204-09. - Available online: http://gato-docs.its.txstate.edu/jcr:b2507517-df78-4e07-aed8-9b5f485eb24c/2016-01-25%20Intro.pdf

Ledesma, Eduardo. 2015. ‘The Poetics and Politics of Computer Code in Latin America: Codework, Code Art, and Live Coding’. Revista de estudios hispánicos. ISSN: 0034-818X, 49:1, pp. 91-120. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/276092855_The_Poetics_and_Politics_of_Computer_Code_in_Latin_America_Codework_Code_Art_and_Live_Coding

Taylor, Claire and Thea Pitman. 2013. Latin American identity in online cultural production ISBN: 9780415517447 (hbk.) : £80.00; 0415517443 (hbk.) : £80.00 (New York: Routledge).

Kozak, Claudia, ed.. 2012. Tecnopoeticas argentinas ISBN: 9789871622160: archivo blando de arte y tecnología (Buenos Aires: Caja Negra).

Gainza, Carolina. 2012. ‘Escrituras Electrónicas en América Latina. Producción Literaria en el Capitalismo Informacional’, unpublished PhD thesis, University of Pittsburgh, http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/16833/.

Rodríguez Ruiz, Jaime Alejandro, ed.. 2011. Narratopedia : Reflexiones sobre narrativa digital, creación colectiva y cibercultura ISBN: 9789587164251; 9587164253 (Bogota: Universidad Javeriana).

Cleger, Osvaldo. 2010. Narrar en la era de las blogoficciones : literatura, cultura y sociedad de las redes en el siglo XXI ISBN: 9780773435995; 0773435999 (New York: Mellen).

Correa-Díaz, Luis, and Scott Weintraub, eds. 2010. Dossier: ‘Literatura latinoamericana, española y portuguesa en la era digital (nuevas tecnologías y lo literario) / Latin American and Spanish Literatures in the Digital Age (New Technologies and the Literary)’, Arizona Journal of Hispanic Cultural Studies, 14, 147-365. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (srj 05/01/2018) 

Correa Díaz, Luis and Scott Weintraub, eds. 2010. ‘Literatura latinoamericana, española y portuguesa en la era digital’, Special Section, Arizona Journal of Hispanic Cultural Studies, 14. https://www.jstor.org/stable/41430768?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Corrêa, Alamir Aquino, ed.. 2008. Ciberespaço : mistificação e paranoia (Londrina: Universidad Estadual de Londrina).

Huízar, Angélica J.. 2008. Beyond the page : Latin American poetry from the calligrame to the virtual ISBN: 9781933146416; 1933146419 (Palo Alto, CA: Academica Press).

Taylor, Claire and Thea Pitman, eds. 2007. Latin American cyberculture and cyberliterature ISBN: 9781846310614; 184631061X (Liverpool: Liverpool UP).

Perea, Héctor. 2007. La vía digital ISBN: 9789703513468 (Mexico City: Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes).

Antonio, Jorge Luiz. 2007. ‘Poesia electrônica no Brasil: algunos exemplos’, Revista Cibertextualidades, 2, 17-34. - Available online: https://elmcip.net/critical-writing/poesia-eletronica-no-brasil-alguns-exemplos

Kuhnheim, Jill S. 2004. Spanish American poetry at the end of the twentieth century : textual disruptions ISBN: 0292705980 (Austin: University of Texas Press).

Castillo, Debra A., and Edmundo Paz-Soldán, eds. 2001. Latin American literature and mass media ISBN: 9780815338949; 0815338945 (New York: Garland).   

Vouillamoz, Núria. 2000. Literatura e hipermedia : la irrupción de la literatura interactiva : precedentes y crítica ISBN: 8449309247 (Barcelona: Paidós Ibérica).

Carrión Carranza, Carmen, ed., 1998. Nuevas tecnologías para las humanidades. (Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México).  

General Criticism – Net Art, Internet Art, etc.

Berry, David and Michael Dieter, eds. 2015. Postdigital aesthetics : art, computation and design ISBN: 9781137437198 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).

Ryan, Marie-Laure, Lori Emerson and Benjamin J. Robertson, eds. 2014. The Johns Hopkins guide to digital media ISBN: 9781421412238 (hardcover ; alk. paper); 9781421412245 (pbk. ; alk. paper); 9781421412252 (electronic); 1421412233 (hardcover ; alk. paper); 1421412241 (pbk. ; alk. paper); 142141225X (electronic) (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins UP).

Bosma, Josephine. 2011. Nettitudes : let's talk net art ISBN: 9789056628000; 9056628003 (Amsterdam: NAi Publishers).  

Sonvilla-Weiss, Stefan, ed.. 2010. Mashup cultures ISBN: 9783709100950 (pbk. : alk. paper); 370910095X (pbk. : alk. paper) (Vienna: Springer).

Daniels, Dieter, and Gunther Reisinger, eds. 2009. Net pioneers 1.0 : contextualizing early net-based art ISBN: 9781933128719 (hbk.), ed. (Berlin: Sternberg).

Lieser, Wolf, ed.. 2009. The world of digital art ISBN: 9783833153457 (hbk.); 3833153458 (hbk.); 9780841671645; 0841671648, trans. by Robyn Anderson (Königswinter: Tandem Verlag).

Tribe, Mark, Reena Jana and Uta Grosenick, eds. 2007. New media art ISBN: 9783822830413 (pbk.); 3822830410 (pbk.) (Berlin: Taschen).

Shulgin, Alexei. 2007. ‘net.art: The Origin’, http://www.net-art.org/netart.  

Greene, Rachel. 2004. Internet art ISBN: 0500203768 (London: Thames & Hudson).

Stallabrass, Julian. 2003. Internet art : the online clash of culture and commerce ISBN: 1854373455 (pbk) (London: Tate Publishing).

Baumgärtel, Tilman. 2001. Net.art 2.0 : Neue Materialien zur Netzkunst = new materials towards net art ISBN: 9783933096661; 3933096669 (Nürnberg: Verlag für Moderne Kunst).

Latin America-specific Criticism – Net Art, Internet Art, Video Games, etc.

Penix-Tadsen, Phillip. 2016. Cultural code : video games and Latin America ISBN: 9780262334914 (e-book) (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).

Ledesma, Eduardo. 2015. ‘The Poetics and Politics of Computer Code in Latin America: Codework, Code Art, and Live Coding’. Revista de estudios hispánicos. ISSN: 0034-818X, 49:1, 91-120. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/276092855_The_Poetics_and_Politics_of_Computer_Code_in_Latin_America_Codework_Code_Art_and_Live_Coding

Taylor, Claire. 2014. Place and politics in Latin American digital culture : location and Latin American net art ISBN: 9780415730402 (hardback) (New York: Routledge).

Zerbarini, Marina, et al.. 2014. Radiografía del Net Art latino : vitalidad creativa en riesgo de extinción : en el marco del proyecto de investigación del mismo nombre, Universidad Nacional de Tres de Febrero, Programación Científica 2012/2013 ISBN: 9789870271819; 9870271812 (Buenos Aires: Editorial Dunken). [I've got a copy that you can borrow if you're interested.]

Taylor, Claire and Thea Pitman. 2013. Latin American identity in online cultural production ISBN: 9780415517447 (hbk.) : £80.00; 0415517443 (hbk.) : £80.00 (New York: Routledge).

Martín Prada, Juan. 2012. Prácticas artísticas e Internet en la época de la redes sociales ISBN: 9788446042471; 8446042479 ISBN: 9788446042471 (Madrid: Editorial AKAL).

Castillo, Alejandra, and Cristián Gómez-Moya, eds. 2012. Arte, archivo y tecnología ISBN: 9789567757299 (Santiago: Ediciones Universidad Finis Terrae).

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Cyber/technofeminism and Online Feminist Activism

Primary Materials:

Chicana/Latina artists:

Jacalyn Lopez Garcia, http://www.artelunasol.com/

Lucia Grossberger Morales, http://luciagrossbergermorales.com/, previously http://www.cyber-chica.com/ (see Internet Archive)

Feminist blogs and other initiatives:

Blogueiras Feministas, http://blogueirasfeministas.com/

Blogueiras Negras, http://blogueirasnegras.org/

Cyborg Feminista, https://cyborgfeminista.tedic.org/

Modem Mujer, http://www.modemmujer.org/   

Mulheres Indígenas, http://www.mulheresindigenas.org/

Negra cubana tenia que ser, https://negracubanateniaqueser.com/

Think Olga, https://thinkolga.com/

DW Documental, Mujeres que cambian el mundo - Guerreras digitales - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bcZNn8OIqE0, a documentary film with a global scope that includes coverage of #niunamenos / #vivasnosqueremos, #abortolegalya, and recent events organised by Zapatista women to bring together marginalised women from across the Americas. It doesn't give too much detail about the digital activism itself but does give background information re the need for these feminist campaigns. It's not made by a Latin American team, so it's not primary materials as such, but useful for background.

Feminism and the Digital

Bassett, Caroline. 2013. ‘Feminism, Expertise and the Computational Turn’, in Helen Thornham and Elke Weissmann, eds., Renewing feminisms : radical narratives, fantasies and futures in media studies (London: IB Tauris), pp. 199-215.

Gajjala, Radhika, and Yeon Ju Oh, eds. 2012. Cyberfeminism 2.0 (New York: Peter Lang).

Paasonen, Susana. 2011. ‘Revisiting Cyberfeminism’, Communications: The European Journal of Communication Research, 36:3, 335-52. - Available online: http://www.arifyildirim.com/ilt510/susanna.paasonen.pdf

Daniels, Jesse. 2009. ‘Rethinking Cyberfeminism(s): Race, Gender, and Embodiment’, WSQ : Women's Studies Quarterly , 37:1&2, 101-24.

Hobson, Janell. 2007. ‘Searching for Janet in Cyberspace: Race, Gender, and the Interface of Technology’, in Mary Valentis, Tara P. Monastero and Paula Yablonsky, eds, TechKnowledgies : new imaginaries in the humanities, arts, and technosciences (Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing), pp.112-29.

Plate, Liedeke. 2007. ‘Is Contemporary Women’s Writing Computational? Unraveling Twenty-First Century Creativity with Penelope at her Loom’, Contemporary women's writing , 1:1, 45-53.

Ray, Audacia. 2007. Naked on the Internet : hookups, downloads, and cashing in on Internet sexploration (Emeryville: Seal Press).

O’Riordan, Kate. 2006. ‘Gender, Technology, and Visual Cyberculture: Virtually Women’, in Critical cyberculture studies , ed. by David Silver and Adrienne Massanari (New York: New York University Press), pp. 243-54.

Wajcman, Judy. 2004. TechnoFeminism (Cambridge: Polity Press).

Nayar, Pramod K.. 2004. Virtual worlds : culture and politics in the age of cybertechnology (New Delhi: Sage), esp. Chapter 4: ‘Body’, and Chapter 5: ‘Gender’.

Malloy, Judy, ed. 2003. Women, art, and technology (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press).

Hocks, Mary E. and Anne Balsamo. 2003. ‘Women Making Multimedia: Possibilities for Feminist Activism’, in Virtual publics : policy and community in an electronic age , ed. by Beth E. Kolko (New York: Columbia University Press), pp. 192-214.

Flanagan, Mary and Austin Booth. 2002. Reload : rethinking women + cyberculture (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press), esp. Ramírez re cyborg feminism and Anzaldú, pp. 374-402.

Fernández, María. 2002. ‘Is Cyberfeminism Colorblind?’, Artwomen.org, special issue on ‘Cyberfeminism’, https://web.archive.org/web/20120212124350/http://www.artwomen.org/cyberfems/fernandez/fernandez1.htm

Green, Eileen and Alison Adams, eds. 2001. Virtual gender : technology, consumption, and identity (London: Routledge).

Trend, David, ed. 2001. Reading digital culture (Malden, MA: Blackwell), see esp. Haraway’s manifesto, and essays by Morse, Stone, Miller and others.

Cutting Edge: The Women’s Research Group, ed.. 2000. Digital desires : languages, identity and new technologies (London: I.B. Tauris).

Bell, David and Barbara M. Kennedy, eds. 2000. The Cybercultures Reader (London: Roultedge) – see esp. Part 4: Cyberfeminisms which includes Haraway’s manifesto, Sandoval’s response to Haraway, and other essays, including one by Nina Wakeford re ‘grrrls’, and Part 5: Cyberbodies which includes essays by Balsamo, Stone and Jennifer González.

Harcourt, Wendy, ed. 1999. Women@Internet : creating new cultures in cyberspace (London: Zed Books).

Hawthorne, Susan, and Renate Klein, eds. 1999. Cyberfeminism : connectivity, critique and creativity (Melbourne: Spinifex Press).

Wolmark, Jenny, ed.. 1999. Cybersexualities : a reader on feminist theory, cyborgs and cyberspace (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press), esp. chapters by Stone, pp. 69-98, and Plant, 99-118.

Wakeford, Nina. 1999. ‘Gender and the Landscapes of Computing an Internet Café’, in Virtual geographies : bodies, space and relations , ed. by Mike Crang, Phil Crang and Jon May (London: Routledge), pp. 178-201.

Stewart Millar, Melanie. 1998. Cracking the gender code : who rules the wired world? (Toronto: Second Story Press).

Wood, Andrew F. And Tyrone L. Adams. 1998. ‘Embracing the Machine: Quilt and Quilting as Community-Building Architecture’, in Cyberghetto or cybertopia? : race, class, and gender on the Internet , ed by Bosah Ebo (Westport, CT: Praeger), pp. 219-33.

Lykke, Nina, and Rosi Braidotti, eds. 1996. Between monsters, goddesses, and cyborgs : feminist confrontations with science, medicine, and cyberspace (London: Zed Books), esp. chapter by Susan Leigh Star, ‘From Hestia to Home Page: Feminism and the Concept of Home in Cyberspace’, pp. 30-46.

Braidotti, Rosi. 1996. ‘Cyberfeminism with a Difference’, available on University of Utrecht Women’s Studies website - http://www.let.uu.nl/womens_studies/rosi/cyberfem.htm  

Balsamo, Anne. 1996. Technologies of the gendered body : reading cyborg women (Durham, NC: Duke University Press).

Lister, Martin. 1995. The Photographic Image in Digital Culture (London: Routledge).

González, Jennifer. 2000 [1995]. ‘Envisioning Cyborg Bodies: Notes from Current Research’, in The Cybercultures Reader, ed. David Bell and Barbara M. Kennedy (London: Routledge), pp.540-51.

Sandoval, Chela. 1999 [1995]. ‘New Sciences: Cyborg Feminism and the Methodology of the Oppressed’, in Cybersexualities : a reader on feminist theory, cyborgs and cyberspace ed. Jenny Wolmark (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press), pp.247-63.

Penley, Constance, and Andrew Ross. 1991. Technoculture (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press). Includes interview with Haraway and other essays responding to her manifesto.

Haraway, Donna J.. 1991. Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature (London: Free Association Books).

Nb. given that cyberfeminism really emerges through Haraway’s ‘Cyborg Manifesto’ (1984) and elaboration of cyborg feminism, a lot of the criticism on cyborgism and posthumanism is relevant here.

Feminism and the Digital in Latin America (inc Feminist Activism/Blogging)

'Cuerpos, identidades y géneros en la red'. 2017. Special Issue of Revista Pillku, 22, https://pillku.org/category/cuerpos-indentidades-y-generos-en-la-red/.

Friedman, Elizabeth Jay. 2017. Interpreting the Internet : feminist and queer counterpublics in Latin America (Oakland: University of California Press).

Matos, Carolina. 2017. ‘New Brazilian Feminisms and Online Networks: Cyberfeminism, Protest and the Female ‘Arab Spring”’, International sociology , 32:2, 417-34.

–––. 2017. Globalization, gender politics, and the media : from the West to Latin America (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books).

Mencía, María, ed. 2017. #WomenTechLit (Morgantown, WV: Computing Literature) – includes a number of chapters re Latin American topics.

Costa Pederson, Claudia. 2016. ‘Situating Making in Contemporary Latin American Feminist Art’, Journal of Peer Production, 8, http://peerproduction.net/issues/issue-8-feminism-and-unhacking-2/peer-reviewed-papers/issue-8-feminism-and-unhackingpeer-reviewed-papers-2situating-making-in-contemporary-latin-american-feminist-art/

Martini, Debora. 2016. Brazilian Feminism on the Rise: A Case Study on Brazilian Feminist Cyberactivism’, MA dissertation, Linköping University, http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:945171/FULLTEXT01.pdf

Natansohn, Graciela, ed.. 2013. Internet em código feminino: teorias e práticas, revd edn (Buenos Aires: La Crujía Eds). - Available online: http://www.feminismos.neim.ufba.br/index.php/revista/article/view/86

Taylor, Claire. 2007. ‘Virtual Bodies in Cyberspace: Guzik Glantz’s Weblog’, in Latin American cyberculture and cyberliterature , ed. Claire Taylor and Thea Pitman (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press), pp.244-56.

Wells, Tatiana. 2005. ‘O ciberfeminismo nunca chegou à América Latina’, Labrys, Estudos Feministas/Études Féministes, Jan-July, https://www.labrys.net.br/labrys7/cyber/tatiana.htm.

Pilar, Praba. 2005. Cyberlabia: Gendered Thoughts and Conversations on Cyberspace (Oakland, CA: Tela Press). Also available at https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5a9263a31137a6fdeeb6e285/t/5b5d541c03ce64f3c82da25f/1532843041381/cyberlabia_praba_pilar.pdf .

Flores, Cindy Gabriela. 2002. ‘Ciberfeminismo y arte en Latinoamérica: fusión pendiente’, first published in English in Mary Jo Aagerstoun, ed., ‘Cyberfeminism Right Now’, https://web.archive.org/web/20150428162814/http://www.artwomen.org/, available from http://ciberfeminista.org/arte_ciberfem.html.  

Jacalyn Lopez Garcia – Criticism

Chabrán, Richard and Romelia Salinas. 2004. ‘Place Matters: Journeys through Global and Local Spaces’, in Technological visions : The Hopes and Fears that Shape New Technologies, ed. by Marita Sturken, Douglas Thomas and Sandra J. Bell Rokeach (Philadelphia: Temple University Press), pp. 305-38.

Couey, Anna. 2003. ‘Restructuring Power: Telecommunication Works Produced by Women’, in Women, art, and technology , ed. Judy Malloy (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press), pp. 55-85.

Lucia Grossberger Morales – Writings and Criticism

Lucia Grossberger Morales. 2009. On the Bridge : Between Bolivia and Computers (self-published and available to purchase or to download for free from the artist’s website).

Escaja, Tina. 2005. ‘Ciber/reflexiones’, Luke, 69, available at http://www.espacioluke.com/2005/Diciembre2005/tina.html.

Lucia Grossberger Morales. 2000. ‘Sangre Boliviana: Using Multimedia to Tell Personal Stories’, in Digital desires : languages, identity and new technologies , ed. by Cutting Edge: The Women’s Research Group (London: I.B. Tauris), pp. 184-93.

Lucia Grossberger Morales. 1995. ‘Sangre Boliviana’, Leonardo On-Line: Words on Works, available at http://www.leonardo.info/isast/wow/gros-wow284.html.

Couey, Anna. 1995. ‘A Conversation with Lucia Grossberger Morales’, Arts Wire, July, available at http://www.well.com/~couey/interactive/lucia/lucia.html.

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Mestizaje and Cyborgism

Primary materials:

Chicana/o and Latina/o materials:

Cyborg Diaspora Community, https://www.facebook.com/CyborgDiaspora/ (from 2012-2013)

Rivera, Alex. 2009–. Cybracero Systems, http://www.cybracero.com/.

Gómez-Peña, Guillermo. 2000. Dangerous border crossers : the artist talks back ISBN: 0415182379 (pbk.) : £14.99; 0415182360 (London: Routledge).

———. 2005. The Chica-Iranian Project: Orientalism Gone Wrong in Aztlán, http://www.pochanostra.com/chica-iranian.

Gómez-Peña, Guillermo, and La Pocha Nostra. 1998-c.2000. ‘Ethno-Techno: A Virtual Museum of Radical Latino Imagery and Fetishized Identities’, La Pocha Nostra, http://www.pochanostra.com/antes/rene/galeria/gallery.html.

Los Cybrids (John Jota Leaños, René Garcia and Praba Pilar). 2001-07. Los Cybrids: La Raza Techno-Crítica Collective, http://www.cybrids.com/. 2003 version available from http://prabapilar.com/pages/projects/los_cybrids/index.html.  

Lozano-Hemmer, Rafael and Guillermo Gómez-Peña. 2001. ‘Tech-illa Sunrise (.txt dot con Sangrita)’, http://www.pochanostra.com/antes/jazz_pocha2/mainpages/techilla.htm.

Some Brazilian cultural products with cyborgs:

Regina Pinto, Great Earth Mother Cyborg, http://earthmothercyborg.blogspot.co.uk/

TÙ.ÚK’Z, http://tuukz.glitchartistscollective.com/ (not currently online; use Internet Archive to find it); try also https://www.facebook.com/tuukz/

Race/Ethnicity/Digital Culture

Nakamura, Lisa, and Peter A. Chow-White, eds. Race after the Internet ISBN: 9780415802369 (pbk); 9780415802352 (hardback); 0415802350 (hardback); 0415802369 (pbk); 9780203875063 (ebk); 0203875060 (ebk) (New York: Routledge).

Wade, Peter. 2010. Race and ethnicity in Latin America ISBN: 9780745329475 (pbk.) : £17.99; 9780745329482 (hbk.) : £55.00; 0745329489 (hbk.) : £55.00; 0745329470 (pbk.) : £17.99. 2nd edn (London: Pluto).

Hui Kyong Chun, Wendy and Lynne Joyrich, eds. 2009. Special issue of Camera obscura : feminism, culture, and media studies. Race and/as technology, Issue 70. 

‘Race and/as Technology’, 24:1.

Nakamura, Lisa. 2008. Digitizing race : visual cultures of the Internet ISBN: 9780816646135 (pb : alk. paper); 9780816646128 (hc : alk. paper); 0816646120 (hc : alk. paper); 0816646139 (pb : alk. paper) (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press).

McGahan, Christopher L.. 2008. Racing cybercultures : minoritarian art and cultural politics on the Internet ISBN: 9780415976565 (hbk.) : £60.00; 0415976561 (hbk.) : £60.0 (New York: Routledge).

Everett, Anna. ed. 2008. Learning race and ethnicity : youth and digital media ISBN: 9780262050913 (cased) : No price; 9780262550673 (pbk.) : No price (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).

Everett, Anna. 2007. Digital diaspora : a race for cyberspace (Albany, New York: SUNY Press).

González, Jennifer. 2006. ‘Morphologies: Race as Visual Technology’, in Re: skin ISBN: 9780262512497 (pbk.) : £13.95; 0262512491 (pbk.) : £13.95, ed. by Mary Flanagan and Austin Booth (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press), pp. 339-53.

Nelson, Alondra, ed. 2002. ‘Afrofuturism’, special issue of Social text. ISSN: 0164-2472, 71.

Dávila, Arlene. 2002. ‘Culture in the Ad World: Producing the Latin Look’, in Faye D. Ginsburg, Lila Abu-Lughod and Brian Larkin, eds, Media worlds : anthropology on new terrain ISBN: 0520232313 (paper : alk. paper); 0520224485 (alk. paper) (Berkeley: University of California Press), pp. 264-80.

Nakamura, Lisa. 2002. Cybertypes : race, ethnicity, and identity on the Internet ISBN: 0415938376 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0415938368 (New York: Routledge).

Nelson, Alondra, Thuy Linh N. Tu, eds, with Alicia Headlam Hines. Technicolor : race, technology, and everyday life ISBN: 0814736041; 0814736033 (cloth : alk. paper) (New York: New York University Press).

Kolko, Beth E., Lisa Nakamura, and Gilbert B. Rodman, eds. 2000. Race in cyberspace ISBN: 0415921635 (pbk); 0415921627 (New York: Routledge).

Rodríguez, Clara E.. 2000. Changing race : Latinos, the census, and the history of ethnicity in the United States ISBN: 0814775470 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0814775462 (cloth : alk. paper) (New York: New York University Press).

Harpold, Terry, and Kavita Philip. 2000. ‘Of Bugs and Rats: Cyber-Cleanliness, Cyber-Squalor, and the Fantasy-Spaces of Informational Globalisation’, Postmodern culture. ISSN: 1053-1920: An Electronic Journal of Interdisciplinary Criticism, 11:1, http://pmc.iath.virginia.edu/text-only/issue.900/11.1harpoldphilip.txt.

Poster, Mark. 1998. ‘Virtual Ethnicity: Tribal Identity in an Age of Global Communications’, in Steven G. Jones, ed., CyberSociety 2.0 : revisiting computer-mediated communication and community ISBN: 0761914625 (pbk. : acid-free paper ; cloth : acid-free paper); 0761914617 (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage), pp. 184-211.

Ginchild, River. 1997. ‘Grappling with the Net: Blacks, Latinos, Women and the Need for Universal Access’, CyRev: A Journal of Cybernetic Revolution, Sustainable Socialism and Radical Democracy, 5, http://www.net4dem.org/cyrev/archive/issue5/articles/Grappling%20with%20the%20Net/Grappling1.htm.

Mestizaje

Nb. There is a huge amount of work on this topic. These 2 texts are the most helpful for the Chicano/Latino context.

Pérez-Torres, Rafael. 2006. Mestizaje : critical uses of race in Chicano culture ISBN: 0816645957 (pb : alk. paper); 0816645949 (hc : alk. paper) (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press).

Miller, Marilyn Grace. 2004. Rise and fall of the cosmic race : the cult of mestizaje in Latin America ISBN: 0292705964 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0292705727 (cloth : alk. paper) (Austin: University of Texas Press).

Cyborg Theory

Brown, J. Andrew. 2010. Cyborgs in Latin America (New York: Palgrave Macmillan).

Borst, Elizabeth M. 2009. Cyborg Art: An Explorative and Critical Inquiry into Corporeal Human-Technology Convergence. Unpublished doctoral thesis. University of Waikato, NZ. Available at: https://researchcommons.waikato.ac.nz/handle/10289/3976

Aguilar García, Teresa. 2008. Ontologia Cyborg ISBN: 9788497842488: el cuerpo en la nueva sociedad tecnológica (Barcelona: Gedisa).

Dixon, Steve, with contributions by Barry Smith. 2007. Digital performance : a history of new media in theater, dance, performance art, and installation ISBN: 0262042355 (alk. paper); 9780262042352 (alk. paper); 9780262271806 ebk (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).

González, Jennifer. 2000 [1995]. ‘Envisioning Cyborg Bodies: Notes from Current Research’, in The Cybercultures Reader, ed. by David Bell and Barbara M. Kennedy (London: Routledge), pp. 540-51.

Gray, Chris Hables, ed. 1995. The cyborg handbook ISBN: 0415908485; 0415908493 (New York: Routledge).

Sandoval, Chela. 1999 [1995]. ‘New Sciences: Cyborg Feminism and the Methodology of the Oppressed’, in Cybersexualities : a reader on feminist theory, cyborgs and cyberspace ISBN: 0748611177, ed. by Jenny Wolmark (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press), pp. 247-63.

Haraway, Donna. 1991. 'The Actors Are Cyborg, Nature Is Coyote, and the Geography Is Elsewhere: Postscript to "Cyborgs at Large"', in Constance Penley and Andrew Ross, eds, Technoculture (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press), pp. 21-26.

Haraway, Donna. 1991 [1984]. 'A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century', in Donna Haraway, Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature (London: Free Association Books), pp. 149-81.

Criticism re Individual Cultural Producers

Pitman, Thea. 2016. ‘Mestizaje and Cyborgism on Either Side of the Line’, John Morán González, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Latina/o American Literature ISBN: 9781107045385 (ebook); 9781107044920 (hardback); 9781107622920 (paperback) (New York: Cambridge University Press), pp. 213-30.

Pitman, Thea. 2013. ‘Mestiz@ Cyborgs: The Performance of Latin American-ness as (Crticial) Racial Identity’, in Claire Taylor and Thea Pitman, Latin American identity in online cultural production ISBN: 9780415517447 (hbk.) : £80.00; 0415517443 (hbk.) : £80.00 (New York: Routledge), pp. 141-68.

Clarke, Margaret Anne. 2010. ‘Regina Celia Pinto’s Museum of the Essential and Beyond That’, in Patricia O’Byrne, Gabrielle Carty, Niamh Thornton. eds., Transcultural Encounters Amongst Women : Redrawing Boundaries in Hispanic and Lusophone Art, Literature and Film ISBN: 9781443822398 (e-book) (Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing), pp. 21-34.

Foster, Thomas. 2002. ‘Cyber-Aztecs and Cholo-Punks: Guillermo Gómez-Peña’s Five-Worlds Theory’, PMLA. ISSN: 0030-8129, 117:1, 43-67.

González, Angel. 2001. ‘A Disturbing, Latino View of Tech’, Wired. ISSN: 1059-1028, 27 June. 

González, Jennifer, and Guillermo Gómez-Peña. 2009. ‘Pose and Poseur: The Racial Politics of Guillermo Gómez-Peña’s Photo-Performances’, in Race and classification : the case of Mexican America ISBN: 9780804761413 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9780804761406 (cloth : alk. paper), ed. by Ilona Katzew and Susan Deans-Smith (Stanford: Stanford University Press), pp. 236-63.

Latorre, Guisela. 2008. Walls of empowerment : Chicana/o indigenist murals of California ISBN: 9780292719064 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9780292718838 (alk. paper); 0292718837 (alk. paper); 029271906X (pbk. : alk. paper) (Austin: University of Texas Press).

Leaños, John Jota. c.2005. ‘The (Postcolonial) Rules of Engagement: Cultural Activism, Advertising Zones and Xican@ Digital Muralism’, https://web.archive.org/web/20160506235800/http://www.leanos.net/Rules%20of%20Engagement.htm.

This list was last updated on 16/01/2019