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Theorising Gender 2 Reading List

Theorising Gender 2, 2019/20, Semester 2
Dr Karen Throsby
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Topic 1: Activism (hierarchies and exclusions)

Essential reading

 Freeman, J. The Tyranny of Structurelessness.  

 Alcoff, L. 1991. The problem of speaking for others. Cultural critique. ISSN: 0882-4371, 20, pp. 5-32  

 Emejulu, A & Bassel, L. (2015). Minority women, austerity and activism. Race and class. ISSN: 0306-3968, 57 (2), 86-95.  

Further reading

Anzaldúa, G. 1999. Borderlands/La Frontera. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Books.

Bassel, L. and Emejulu, A., 2017. Minority women and austerity : survival and resistance in France and Britain ISBN: 9781447327141 (pbk.) : £24.99 ISBN: 9781447327134 (hardcover); 1447327136 (hardcover). Policy Press. 

Borah, R. and Nandi, S. 2012. Reclaiming the feminist politics of ‘slutwalk’. International feminist journal of politics. ISSN: 1461-6742 14 (3) pp. 415-421

Cohen, C. and Jackson, S. 2016. Ask a Feminist: a conversation with Cathy J. Cohen on Black Lives Matter, Feminism and contemporary activism. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740 41 (4). pp. 775-790

Enke, A. 2007. Finding the movement : sexuality, contested space, and feminist activism ISBN: 9780822340836 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9780822340621 (cloth : alk. paper); 0822340623 (cloth : alk. paper); 0822340836 (pbk. : alk. paper). Duke University press

Garlough, C. L. 2008. On the political uses of folklore: performance and grassroots feminist activism in India. Journal of American folklore. ISSN: 0021-8715 121 (480) pp. 167-191

Harris, A. (ed) 2008. Next wave cultures : feminism, subcultures, activism ISBN: 9780415957106 (pbk.) : £19.99; 0415957109 (pbk.) : £19.99; 9780415957090 (hbk.) : £70.00; 0415957095 (hbk.) : £70.00. London: Routledge

Hawkesworth, M. E. 2006. Globalization and feminist activism ISBN: 0742537838 (pbk.); 9780742537828 (hbk.); 074253782X (hbk.); 9780742537835 (pbk.). Rowman and Littlefield publishers

Hewitt, L. 2011. Framing across differences, building solidarities: lessons from women’s rights activism in transnational spaces. Interface. ISSN: 1742-5689; 1742-5662 3 (2) pp.65- 99.

Heywood, L. and Drake, J. 1997. Third wave agenda : being feminist, doing feminism ISBN: 0816630046 No price; 0816630054 (pbk.) : £14.95; 9780816630042; 9780816630059. Minneapolis and London: university of Minneapolis press.

Johnston, J. and Taylor, J. 2008. Feminist consumerism and fat activism: a comparative study of grassroots activism and the Dove real beauty campaign. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740 33 (4) pp. 941-966

Napels, N. A. (ed) 1998. Community activism and feminist politics : organizing across race, class, and gender ISBN: 9780415916301 (pbk.); 9780415916295 (hbk.); 0415916291 (hbk.); 0415916305 (pbk.). New York and London: Routledge

Madhok, S. 2013. Action, agency, coercion: reformatting agency for oppressive contexts. In: S. Madhok, A. Phillips and K. Wilson (eds) The Palgrave Macmillan Gender, agency, and coercion ISBN: 9780230300323 (hbk.) : £55.00; 0230300324 (hbk.) : £55.00. Palgrave Macmillan

Molyneux, M. 1998. Analysing women’s movements. Development and change. ISSN: 0012-155x; 1467-7660, 29 (2) pp. 219-245

Phipps, A. 2016. Whose personal is more political? Experience in contemporary feminist politics. Feminist theory. ISSN: 1464-7001 17 (3) pp.1-19.

Ryan, B. 1992. Feminism and the women's movement : dynamics of change in social movement, ideology and activism ISBN: 0415905990 (pbk); 0415905982. New York and London: Routledge

Skeggs, B. 1997. Formations of class and gender : becoming respectable ISBN: 0761955127 (pbk); 0761955119; 0585349797. London: Sage. Ch. ‘Ambivalent femininities’.

 Further reading on indigenous feminism:

 Bastian Duarte, A. I. 2012. From the margins of Latin American feminism: indigenous and lesbian feminisms. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740 38 (1) pp. 153-178.

Castillo, A. H. 2010. The emergence of indigenous feminism in Latin America. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740 35 (3)

Green, J. (ed.) 2007. Making space for indigenous feminism ISBN: 9781842779408 (Zed : pbk.); 9781552662205 (Fernwood); 9781842779293 (Zed : hbk.); 184277929X (Zed : hbk.); 1842779400 (Zed : pbk.). London and New York: Zed books

Guerrero, M. A. J. 2003. ‘Patriarchal colonialism’ and indigenism: implications for native feminist spirituality and native womanism. Hypatia. ISSN: 0887-5367 18 (2) pp. 58-69

Hall, L. K. 2008. Strategies of erasure: U.S. colonialism and native Hawaiian Feminism. American Quarterly. ISSN: 0003-0678 60 (2) pp. 273-280

Klein, H. 2015. Compañeras : Zapatista women's stories ISBN: 9781609805876; 1609805879. New York: Seven stories press

Marcos, S. 2005. The borders within: the indigenous women’s movement and feminism in Mexico. In: M. Wallert and S. Macros (eds) Dialogue and difference : feminisms challenge globalization ISBN: 1403967644 (pbk) : £15.99; 1403967636. Palgrave Macmillan 

Mihesuah, D. A. 2000. A few cautions at the millennium on the merging of feminist studies with American Indian women’s studies. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740 25 (4) pp. 1245-1251

Mihesuah, D. A. 2003. Indigenous American women : decolonization, empowerment, activism ISBN: 9780803282865 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0803232276 (alk. paper); 9780803232273 (alk. paper); 0803282869 (pbk. : alk. paper). Lincoln: University of Nebraska press

TallBear, K. 2013. Native American DNA : tribal belonging and the false promise of genetic science ISBN: 9780816665860 (pbk.); 9780816665853 (hbk.). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota press

TallBear, K. 2014. Standing with and speaking as faith: a feminist-indigenous approach to inquiry. Journal of Research Practice ISSN: 1712-851X 10 (2)

Schaffer, K. 2007. Unruly spaces: gender, women’s writing and indigenous feminism in China. Journal of gender studies. ISSN: 0958-9236 16 (1) pp. 17-30

Shahrzad, M. 2001. Theorizing the politics of ‘Islamic feminism’ Feminist review. ISSN: 0141-7789 69 (1) pp. 124-146

Suzack, C., Huhndorf, S. M. Perreault, J. and Barman, J. (eds) 2010. Indigenous women and feminism : politics, activism, culture. Vancouver and Toronto: UBC Press. Especially part 2 ‘activism’ 

Sturgeon, N. 1997. Ecofeminist natures : race, gender, feminist theory, and political action ISBN: 0415912504 (pbk); 0415912490. London and New York: Routledge. Ch. 4 ‘the nature of race: indigenous women and white goddesses’


 The Wicazo Sa Review ISSN: 0749-6427 journal is dedicated to indigenous American studies and contains many relevant articles. Search the journal for the key word ‘feminism’

 Further reading on ecofeminism:

 Adams, C. J. 1991. Ecofeminism and the eating of animals. Hypatia. ISSN: 0887-5367, 6 (1) pp. 125-145

Adams, C. J. 1995. Neither man nor beast : feminism and the defense of animals. New York: Continuum

Adams, C. J. and Donovan, J. (eds) Animals and women : feminist theoretical explorations ISBN: 0822316676 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0822316552. Durham and London: Duke University Press

Alaimo, S. 2008. Ecofeminism without nature? Questioning the relation between feminism and environmentalism. International feminist journal of politics. ISSN: 1461-6742 10 (3) pp. 299-304

Cook, J. 1998. The philosophical colonization of ecofeminism. Environmental ethics, 20 (3) 227-246 - Available online:

Gaard, G. (ed) 1993. Ecofeminism : women, animals, nature ISBN: 9780877229896 (paperback); 0877229899 (paperback). Philadelphia: Temple university press

Gaard, G. 2011. Ecofeminism revisited: rejecting essentialism and re-placing species in a material feminist environmentalism. Feminist formations ISSN: 2151-7363, 23 (2) pp. 26-53

Gane, N. and Haraway, D. 2006. When we have never been human, what is to be done? Interview with Donna Haraway. Theory, culture & society. ISSN: 0263-2764 23 (7-8)

Donovan, J. and Adams, C. J. (eds) 2007. The feminist care tradition in animal ethics : a reader ISBN: 9780231140393 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9780231140386 (hbk. : alk. paper); 023114038X (hbk. : alk. paper); 0231140398 (pbk. : alk. paper). New York: Columbia University Press

Haraway, D. 2003. The companion species manifesto : dogs, people, and significant otherness. Chicago: Prickly paradigm press

Lahar, S. 1991. Ecofeminist theory and grassroots politics. Hypatia. ISSN: 0887-5367, 6 (1) pp. 28-45

Moore, N. 2008. Eco-feminism, non-violence and the future of feminism. International feminist journal of politics. ISSN: 1461-6742 10 (3) pp. 282-298

Pandey, A. 2013. Globalization and ecofeminism in the South: Keeping the ‘third world’ alive. Journal of global ethics ISSN: 1744-9626 9 (3) pp. 345-358

Sturgeon, N. 1997. Ecofeminist natures : race, gender, feminist theory, and political action ISBN: 0415912504 (pbk); 0415912490. London and New York: Routledge. 

Warren, K. 1996. Ecological feminist philosophies: an overview of the issue. In: K. Warren (ed) Ecological feminist philosophies ISBN: 0253210291 (pa : alk. paper); 0253329663 (cl : alk. paper). Indiana University Press

Warren. K. (ed) 1997. Ecofeminism : women, culture, nature ISBN: 9780253210579 (pbk.); 9780253330314 (hbk.); 0253330319 (hbk.); 0253210577 (pbk.). Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University press

Weisberg, Z. 2009. The broken promise of monsters: Haraway, animals and the humanist legacy. Journal of critical animal studies 7 (2) pp. 22-62 - Available online:

 Websites - an example of the very kinds of intersectional BME-women led activism under discussion in this session. – a collection of relevant pieces.

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Topic 2: Feminism and the academy

Essential readings:

Ahmed, S. 2017. Living a feminist life ISBN: 9780822363040 hardcover ; alkaline paper; 0822363046 hardcover ; alkaline paper; 9780822363194 paperback ; alkaline paper; 0822363194 paperback ; alkaline paper. Durham and London: Duke University Press. Introduction: Bringing feminist theory home.  

Hemmings, C. 2005. Telling feminist stories. Feminist theory. ISSN: 1464-7001 6 (2) pp. 115-139  

Wiegman, R. (2012) Object lessons. Durham and London: Duke University Press. Ch. 4 'Doing justice with objects (or, the ‘progress’ of gender)’ pp. 36-90  

Further readings:

Ahmed, S. 2000. Whose counting? Feminist theory. ISSN: 1464-7001 1(1) pp. 97-103

Ballaster, R. 2012. Women’s studies, gender studies, feminist studies? Designing and delivering a course in gender at postgraduate level. In: A. Ferrebe (ed) Teaching gender ISBN: 9780230360778 (e-book). Palgrave McMillan

Bird, E. 2002. The academic arm of the women’s liberation movement: Women’s studies 1969-1999 in North America and the United kingdom. Women's studies international forum. ISSN: 0277-5395 25(1) pp. 139-149 

Braithaite, A., Heald, S., Luhmann, S. and Rosenberg, S. 2004. Troubling women's studies : pasts, presents, and possibilities ISBN: 1894549368. Toronto: Sumach Press

Butler, J. 1994. Against proper objects. Differences 6 (2) - Available online:

Brown, W. 1997. The impossibility of women’s studies. Differences, 9 (3) pp. 79-101 - Available online:

Brown, W. 2003. Gender in counterpoint. Feminist theory. ISSN: 1464-7001 4(3) pp. 365-368

Davis, K. 2007. The making of Our bodies, ourselves : how feminism travels across borders ISBN: 9780822340669 (pbk : alk. paper); 9780822340454 (cloth : alk. paper); 0822340453 (cloth : alk. paper); 0822340666 (pbk : alk. paper). Durham and London: Duke University Press

Davis, K. and Evans, E. (eds) 2011. Transatlantic conversations : feminism as travelling theory ISBN: 9780754678359 (hbk.) : £55.00; 0754678350 (hbk.) : £55.00; 9780754696513 (ebk). Ashgate

do Mar Pereira, M. 2012. Feminist theory is proper knowledge, but…’: the status of feminist scholarship in the academy. Feminist theory. ISSN: 1464-7001. 13(3), pp.283-303.

Elam, D. and Wiegman, R. (eds) 1995. Feminism beside itself ISBN: 0415910412 (pbk.); 0415910404. New York and London: Routledge

Evans, M. 1990. The problem of gender for women’s studies. Women's studies international forum. ISSN: 0277-5395 13(5) pp. 457-462 

Evans, M. 2011. Doing gender: gender and women’s studies in the twenty first century. Women's studies international forum. ISSN: 0277-5395 34. pp. 63-610 

Felski, R. 1997. The doxa of difference. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740 23 (1) pp. 1021

Griffin, G. 2005. The institutionalization of women’s studies in Europe. In: Griffin G., ed. Doing women's studies : employment opportunities, personal impacts and social consequences ISBN: 9781842775004 (hbk.); 1842775006 (hbk.); 9781842775011 (limp); 1842775014 (limp). London: Zed Books.

Hemmings, C. 2006. The life and times of academic feminism. In: Davis, K., et al. eds. Handbook of gender and women's studies ISBN: 0761943900 (hardcover). London: Sage.

Hemmings, C. 2011. Why stories matter : the political grammar of feminist theory ISBN: 9780822349167 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9780822348931 (cloth : alk. paper). Durham: Duke University Press.

Hull, A. (G. T.) and Smith, B. 1982. Introduction: the politics of Black women’s studies. In: (G. T.), Scott, B. P., Hull, B. Smith (eds) All the women are White, all the Blacks are men, but some of us are brave : Black women's studies ISBN: 0912670959 (pbk); 0912670924,. New York: The Feminist Press

Messer-Davidow, E. 2002. Disciplining Feminism : From Social Activism to Academic Discourse ISBN: 9780822383581 (e-book). Durham and London: Duke University Press

Reay, D. 1998. Surviving in dangerous places: working-class women, women’s studies and higher education. Women's studies international forum. ISSN: 0277-5395, 21 (1) pp. 11-19

Scott, J. 1986. Gender: a useful category for historical analysis. The American historical review. ISSN: 0002-8762, 91(5), pp. 1053-1075 

Scott, J. (ed) 2008. Women's Studies on the Edge ISBN: 9780822389101 (e-book). Durham and London: Duke University Press

Simmons, F. N. 1992. Difference, power and knowledge: Black women in academia. In: H. Hinds, A. Phoenix and J. Stacey (eds) Working out : new directions for women's studies ISBN: 0750700440 (pbk); 0750700432. London and Washington: The Falmer Press

Spivak, G. C. 1992. The politics of translation. In: M. Barrett and A. Phillips (eds) Destabilizing theory : contemporary feminist debates. Stanford: Stanford University Press

Stacey J. 1997. Feminist theory: capital F, capital T. In: V. Robinson and D. Richardson (eds) Introducing women’s studies. London: Palgrave

Stanley, L. and Wise, S. 2000. But the empress has no clothes! Some awkward questions about the ‘missing revolution’ in feminist theory. Feminist theory. ISSN: 1464-7001 1(3)

Weston, K. 2002. Gender in real time : power and transcience in a visual age. New York: Routledge. Ch. 1 ‘What the cat dragged in: gender studies today—an elegy and an introduction’ pp. 1-24

Wiegman, R. 1999. Feminism, institutionalism, and the idiom of failure. Differences. ISSN: 1040-7391 11(3) 107-13

Wiegman, R. 2000. Feminisms’ apocalyptic futures. New literary history. ISSN: 0028-6087, 3. pp. 805-825

Wiegman, R. (ed) 2002. Women's Studies on Its Own : A Next Wave Reader in Institutional Change. Durham and London: Duke University Press

Wiegman, R. 2002. Academic feminism against itself. NWSA journal : a publication of the National Women's Studies Association. ISSN: 1040-0656 14(2) pp. 18-37

Wiegman, R. 2012. Object lessons. Durham and London: Duke University Press

 Special issues:

 Special issue ‘Spaces of possibility: education, intersectionality and social change’ in Journal of Feminist Scholarships, fall 2014/spring 2015, 7/8, edited by L Wanggren and M. Milatovic - Available online:

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Topic 3: Violence

Essential readings:

Boyle, K. 2016. Sexist coverage of Jimmy Savile story is hiding in plain sight – just like he did. The Conversation. [Online]. (For the full journal article drawing on Boyle’s research see below)  

Burkett, M. and Hamilton, K. 2012. Postfeminist sexual agency: young women’s negotiations of sexual consent. Sexualities. ISSN: 1363-4607. 15(7), pp.815-833.  

Javaid, A. 2016. Feminism, masculinity and male rape: bringing male rape 'out of the closet'. Journal of gender studies. ISSN: 0958-9236. 25(3), pp.283-293.  

Kelly, L. 1987. The continuum of sexual violence. In: Hanmer, J. and Maynard, M. (eds) Women, violence and social control. Basingstoke: Macmillan, pp.46-60.  

You may wish to also reflect on the work of Crenshaw considered in semester 1 (and listed again below)


Further reading

Allen, S. 2002 Male victims of rape: responses to a perceived threat to masculinity. In: C. Hoyle and R. Young (eds) New visions of crime victims ISBN: 1841132802. Oxford: Hart Publishing. Anderson, K.L. and Umberson, D. 2001. Gendering violence: masculinity and power in men’s accounts of domestic violence. Gender & society. 15(3), pp.358-380.

Barton, M. 2012. Wrestling with imperial patriarchy. Feminist theology. ISSN: 0966-7350. 21(1), pp.7-25.

Bourdieu, P. 1990[1980]. The logic of practice ISBN: 0745610153 (pbk); 0745605974. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Ch. 8 ‘Modes of domination’.

Boyle, K. 2005. Media and violence : gendering the debates ISBN: 1412903793 (pbk) : £18.99; 1412903785. London: Sage.

Boyle K. 2017. Hiding in Plain Sight: Gender, Sexism & Press Coverage of the Jimmy Savile Case. Journalism studies. ISSN: 1461-670x, online.

Boyle K. Forthcoming. What's in a name? Theorising the inter-relationships of gender and violence. Feminist theory. ISSN: 1464-7001, 20 (2). Available from   

Brison, S. 2000. Aftermath : violence and the remaking of a self. Princeton.

Brown, L., Brooks, O. 2011. 'Guys! stop doing it!': young women's adoption and rejection of safety advice when socializing in bars, pubs and clubs. British journal of criminology. ISSN: 0007-0955. 51(4), pp.635-651.

Brownmiller, S. 1993. Against our will: men, women and rape. New York: Fawcett Columbine.

Burman. M. and Jamieson, L. 1993. Sex crimes on trial : the use of sexual evidence in Scottish courts ISBN: 0748604081. Edinburgh University Press.

Buss, D. 2009. Rethinking ‘rape as a weapon of war’. Feminist legal studies. ISSN: 0966-3622; 1572-8455 17, pp. 145-163.

Cahill, A. J. 2001. Rethinking rape ISBN: 9780801487187 (pbk.); 0801437946 (cloth : acid-free paper); 9780801437946 (cloth : acid-free paper); 0801487188 (pbk.). Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 

Chan, K.L., Tiwari, A., Fong, D.Y., Leung, W.C., Brownridge, D.A. and Ho, P.C. 2009. Correlates of in-law conflict and intimate partner violence against Chinese pregnant women in Hong Kong. Journal of interpersonal violence. ISSN: 0886-2605. 24(1), pp.97-110.

Clark, L. and Lewis, D. 1977. Rape : the price of coercive sexuality. Toronto: Women's Press.

Crenshaw, K. 1991. Mapping the margins: intersectionality, identity politics and violence against women of color. Stanford Law Review. ISSN: 0038-9765 43(6), pp.1241-1299.

Crenshaw, K. 1997. Beyond racism and misogyny: black feminism and 2 Live Crew. In: Meyers, D.T. ed. Feminist social thought : a reader ISBN: 0415915376 (pbk.); 0415915368 (hbk.). Abingdon: Routledge, pp.246-263.

Dobash, R. E. and Dobash, R. 1980 Violence against wives: the case against the patriarchy. London: Open Books.

Dobash, R. Emerson, and Russell, P. Dobash (eds) 1998. Rethinking violence against women ISBN: 0761911871 (pbk. : acid free paper ; cloth : acid free paper); 0761911863. Sage.

Edwards, A. 1996. Gender and sexuality in the social construction of rape and consensual sex: a study of process and outcome in six recent rape trials. In: J. Holland and L. Adkins (eds) Sex, sensibility and the gendered body ISBN: 0333650026 (pbk); 0333650018. London: Macmillan.

Einspahr, J. 2010. Structural domination and structural freedom: a feminist perspective. Feminist review. ISSN: 0141-7789. 94(1), pp.1-19.

Fernandez, M. 1997. Domestic violence by extended family members in India: Interplay of gender and generation. Journal of interpersonal violence. ISSN: 0886-2605. 12(3), pp.433-455.

Gear, S. 2007. Behind the bars of masculinity: male rape and homophobia in and about South African men's prisons. Sexualities. ISSN: 1363-4607. 10(2), pp.209-227.

Girshick, L. B. 2002. No sugar, no spice: reflections on research on woman-to-woman sexual violence. Violence against women. ISSN: 1077-8012 8(12).

Graham, K., Bernards, S., Abbey, A., Dumas, T.M. and Wells, S. 2017. When women do not want it: young female bargoers’ experiences with and responses to sexual harassment in social drinking contexts. Violence against women. ISSN: 1077-8012 23(12), pp.1419-1441.

Grewal, I. 2013. Outsourcing patriarchy. International feminist journal of politics. ISSN: 1461-6742. 15(1), pp.1-19.

Griffin, S. 2015. Rape : The Politics of Consciousness ISBN: 9781504012171 (e-book). San Francisco: Harper and Row. Especially ‘Rape: the all-American Crime’.

Hanmer, J. 1978. Violence and the social control of women. In: G. Littlejohn (ed.) Power and the state ISBN: 0856646644; 0856646636. London: Croom Helm.

Hanmer, J. and Saunders, S. 1984. Well-founded fear : a community study of violence to women . London: Hutchinson.

Hanmer, J. and Maynard, M. eds. 1987. Women, violence and social control. Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Harris, S.E. 2007. Military male rape and the development of male homophobia in Judaeo-Christian culture. Journal of bisexuality ISSN: 1529-9716. 6(4), pp.87-120.

Hearn, J. 1994. The organization(s) of violence: men, gender relations, organizations, and violences. Human relations. ISSN: 0018-7267. 47(6), pp.731-754.

Hearn, J. 2012. A multifaceted power analysis of men's violence to known women: from hegemonic masculinity to the hegemony of men. The sociological review. ISSN: 0038-0261; 1467-954X. 60(4), pp.589-610.

Heidensohn, F. 2000. Sexual politics and social control ISBN: 0335206697; 0335206700 (hb) Open University Press.

Helliwell, C. 2000. ‘It’s only a penis’: rape, feminism and difference. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740, 25(3), pp.789-816.

Horvath. M. and Brown, J. (eds) 2009. Rape : challenging contemporary thinking ISBN: 9781843925200 (pbk.) : £25.00; 9781843925194 (hbk.) : £55.00; 1843925192 (hbk.) : £55.00; 1843925206 (pbk.) : £25.00. Willan Publishing.

Hunnicutt, G. 2009. Varieties of patriarchy and violence against women: resurrecting “patriarchy” as a theoretical tool. Violence against women. ISSN: 1077-8012. 15(5), pp.553-573.

Jackson, Stevi. and S. Scott (eds) 1996. Feminism and sexuality : a reader ISBN: 074860622X; 070280832X. Columbia university press. Part 4.

Jackson, Sue. 2001. Happily never after: young women’s stories of abuse in heterosexual love relationships. Feminism & psychology. ISSN: 0959-3535. 11(3), pp.305-321.

Javaid, A. 2015. The dark side of men: the nature of masculinity and its uneasy relationship with male rape. Journal of Men's Studies ISSN: 1060-8265. 23(3), pp.271-292. - Available online:

Kavanaugh, P.R. 2013. The continuum of sexual violence: women's accounts of victimization in urban nightlife. Feminist Criminology. 8(1), pp.20-39.

Kelly, L. 1988. Surviving sexual violence ISBN: 0745604633 (pbk ; cased) : £8.95; 0745604625; 9780745677583 ebk. Cambridge: Polity.

Kelly L., Burton, S. and Regan, L. 1996. Beyond victim and survivor: sexual violence, identity and feminist theory and practice'. In: L. Adkins and V. Merchant (eds) Sexualizing the social : power and the organization of sexuality ISBN: 033365000X (pbk) : No price; 0333649990. London: Macmillan.

Kelly, L. 2015. Violence against women. In: Robinson, V. and Richardson, D. eds. Introducing gender and women’s studies. 4th ed. London: Palgrave, pp.114-131.

Kelly, L. and Rehman, Y. 2016. Moving in the shadows : violence in the lives of minority women and children ISBN: 9781138255982 (pbk.) : £34.99. Taylor & Francis.

Kirby, P. 2013. How is rape a weapon of war? Feminist international relations, modes of critical explanation and the study of wartime sexual violence. European journal of international relations. ISSN: 1354-0661 19 (4).

Lees, S. 1996. Ruling passions : sexual violence, reputation, and the law ISBN: 0335196136 (pbk) : No price; 0335196144. Philadelphia, Buckingham: Open University Press.

Lees, S. 1996. Carnal knowledge: rape on trial. London: Hamish Hamilton.

Leatherman, J. 2011. Sexual violence and armed conflict ISBN: 9780745641881 (pbk.); 9780745641874 (hbk.); 0745641873 (hbk.); 0745641881 (pbk.). Cambridge: Polity Press.

McCarry, M. 2007. Masculinity studies and male violence: Critique or collusion? Women's studies international forum. ISSN: 0277-5395. 30(5), pp.404-415.

McIntosh, M. 1996. Feminist debates on prostitution. In: L. Adkins and V. Merchant (eds) Sexualizing the social : power and the organization of sexuality ISBN: 033365000X (pbk) : No price; 0333649990. London: Macmillan.

McKinnon, C. 1989 Toward a feminist theory of the state ISBN: 0674896467 (pbk ; alk. paper); 0674896459. Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press. Ch. 7 ‘Sexuality’ pp. 126-154 and Ch. 9 ‘Rape: On coercion and consent’ pp. 171-183.

McKinnon, C. 1994. Rape, genocide and women’s human rights. In: A. Stiglmayer (ed) Mass rape : the war against women in Bosnia-Herzegovina ISBN: 0803292295. University of Nebraska Press, pp.5-15.

McPhail, B.A., Busch, N.B., Kulkarni, S. and Rice, G. 2007. An integrative feminist model: The evolving feminist perspective on intimate partner violence. Violence against women. ISSN: 1077-8012. 13(8), pp.817-841.

Messerschmidt, J. W. 2000. Becoming ‘real men’: adolescent masculinity challenges and sexual violence. Men and masculinities. ISSN: 1097-184x 2(3).

Nettleton, P.H. 2011. Domestic violence in men's and women's magazines: women are guilty of choosing the wrong men, men are not guilty of hitting women. Women's studies in communication. ISSN: 0749-1409; 2152-999X. 34(2), pp.139-160.

Naffine, N. 1997. Feminism and criminology ISBN: 0745611648 (pbk) : No price; 074561163x. Cambridge: Polity Press.

O’Connell Davidson, J. 2006. Will the real sex slave please stand up? Feminist review. ISSN: 0141-7789, 83(4-22).

Outshoorn, J. 2005. The political debates on prostitution and trafficking of women. Social politics. ISSN: 1072-4745 12(1), pp.141-155.

Phipps, A. 2009. Rape and respectability: ideas about sexual violence and social class. Sociology. ISSN: 0038-0385, 43(4), pp.667-683

Projansky, S. 2001. Watching rape : film and television in postfeminist culture. New York: New York University Press.

Purohit, H., Banerjee, T., Hampton, A., Shalin, V.L., Bhandutia, N. and Sheth, A. 2016. Gender-based violence in 140 characters or fewer: A #BigData case study of Twitter. First Monday [electronic resource]. ISSN: 1396-0466. 21(1-4).

Raj, A., Livramento, K.N., Santana, M.C., Gupta, J. and Silverman, J.G. 2006. Victims of intimate partner violence more likely to report abuse from in-laws. Violence against women. ISSN: 1077-8012. 12(10), pp.936-949.

Rebollo-Gil, G. and Moras, A. 2012. Black women and black men in hip hop music: misogyny, violence and the negotiation of (white-owned) space. Journal of popular culture. ISSN: 0022-3840 45(1), pp.118-132.

Renold, E. 2017. 'Feel what I feel': making da(r)ta with teen girls for creative activisms on how sexual violence matters. Journal of gender studies. online, pp.1-19.

Rianon, N.J. and Shelton, A. 2003. Perception of spousal abuse expressed by married Bangladeshi immigrant women in Houston, Texas, USA. Journal of immigrant health. ISSN: 1096-4045. 5(1), pp.37-44.

Sandberg, L. 2013. Backward, dumb, and violent hillbillies? Rural geographies and intersectional studies on intimate partner violence. Affilia ISSN: 0886-1099. 28(4), pp.350-365.

Scully, D. 1990 Understanding sexual violence: a study of convicted rapists. New York and London: Routledge

Seifert, R. 1996. The second front: the logic of sexual violence in wars. Women's studies international forum. ISSN: 0277-5395 19(1-2), pp.35-43.

Skjelsbaek, I. 2001. Sexual violence and war: mapping out a complex relationship. European journal of international relations. ISSN: 1354-0661, 7(2), pp.211–237.

Sokoloff, N. J. and Dupont, I. 2005 Domestic violence at the intersections of race, class, and gender: challenges and contributions to understanding violence against marginalized women in diverse communities. Violence against women. ISSN: 1077-8012 11(1), pp.38‐64.

Stark, E. 2009. Coercive control : the entrapment of women in personal life ISBN: 9780195384048 (pbk); 0195384040 (pbk). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ticktin, M. 2008. Sexual violence as the language of border control: where French feminist and anti‐immigrant rhetoric meet. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740 3(4), pp.863-889.

Walby, S. and Myhil, A. 2004. Domestic violence, sexual assault and stalking : findings from the British Crime Survey. London: Home Office.

Walby, S., Towers, J. and Francis, B. 2016. Is violent crime increasing or decreasing? A new methodology to measure repeat attacks making visible the significance of gender and domestic relations. British journal of criminology. ISSN: 0007-0955. 56(6), pp.1 203-1234.

West, C. 2004. Black women and intimate partner violence: new directions for research. Journal of interpersonal violence. ISSN: 0886-2605, 19 (12), pp.1487-1493.

Whitehead, A. 2005. Man to man violence: how masculinity may work as a dynamic risk factor. Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. ISSN: 0265-5527. 44(4), pp.411-422.

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Topic 4: Gender and Multiculturalism

Essential readings:

 Abu-Lughod, L. 2002. Do Muslim women really need saving? Anthropological reflections on cultural relativism and its others. American anthropologist. ISSN: 0002-7294; 1548-1433, 104 (3) pp. 783-790 

Okin, S. M. 1999. Is multiculturalism bad for women? In: J. Cohen, M. Howard and M. Nussbaum (eds) 1999. Is multiculturalism bad for women? ISBN: 0691004323 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0691004315 Princeton: Princeton University Press.  

Bhabha, HK. 1999. Liberalism’s sacred cow. In: J. Cohen, M. Howard and M. Nussbaum (eds) 1999. Is multiculturalism bad for women? ISBN: 0691004323 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0691004315 Princeton: Princeton University Press  

Further readings:

Abusharaf, R. M. 2006. (ed) Female circumcision : multicultural perspectives ISBN: 9780812201024 (e-book). Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press. 

Anthias, F. and Yuval-Davis, N. 1992. Racialized boundaries : race, nation, gender, colour and class and the anti-racist struggle. London and New York: Routledge. Ch. 6 ‘Resisting racism: multi-culturalism, equal opportunities and the politics of the ‘community’.  

Bannerji, H. (ed) 2000. The dark side of the nation : essays on multiculturalism, nationalism, and gender ISBN: 9781551301723; 1551301725. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.

Beckett, C. and Macey, M. 2001. Race, gender and sexuality: the oppression of multiculturalism. Women's studies international forum. ISSN: 0277-5395, 24 (3-4) pp. 309-319

Chambers, C. 2004. Are breast implants better than female genital mutilation? Autonomy, gender equality and Nussbaum’s political liberalism. Critical review of international social and political philosophy. ISSN: 1369-8230; 1743-8772, 7 (3) pp. 1-33.

Cohen, J., Howard, M. and Nussbaum, M. (eds) (ed) 1999. Is multiculturalism bad for women? ISBN: 0691004323 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0691004315 Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Crosby, C. 1992. Dealing with Differences. In: J. Butler and J. Scott (eds.) Feminists theorize the political ISBN: 0415902746 (pbk); 0415902738. London: Routledge.

Du Bois, W.E.B. 1903. ‘Of Our Spiritual Strivings’ from The souls of Black folk, New York: Dover.

Dustin, M. and Phillips, A. 2008. Whose agenda is it? Abuses of women and abuses of ‘culture’ in Britain. Ethnicities ISSN: 1468-7968, 8 (3) pp. 405-424

Eisenberg, A. 2010. Multiculturalism, gender and justice. In: D. Ivison (ed) The Ashgate research companion to multiculturalism ISBN: 9780815386063. Ashgate Publishing. Pp. 119-140

Fisher, L. 2004. State of the art: multiculturalism, gender and cultural identities. The European journal of women's studies. ISSN: 1350-5068, 11 (1) pp. 1350-5068

Gedalof, I. 1999. Against purity : rethinking identity with Indian and Western feminisms. London and New York: Routledge

Hirschmann, N. 1998. Western feminism, eastern veiling, and the question of free agency. Constellations. ISSN: 1351-0487, 5 (3) pp. 345 – 368

James, S. M. and Robertson, C. C. (eds) 2002. Genital cutting and transnational sisterhood : disputing U.S. polemics. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press

Korteweg, A. and Yurdakul, G. 2009. Islam, gender and immigrant integration: boundary drawing in discourses on honour killing in the Netherlands and Germany. Ethnic and racial studies. ISSN: 0141-9870, 32 (2) pp. 218-238 

Mahmood, S. 2005. Politics of piety : the Islamic revival and the feminist subject. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Ch. 1 ‘On the subject of freedom’

Meeto, V. and Mizra, H. S. 2007. ‘There is nothing honourable about honour killings’: gender, violence and the limits of multiculturalism. Women's studies international forum. ISSN: 0277-5395, 30 (3) pp. 187-200

Meyers, D. 2000. Feminism and women’s autonomy: the challenge of female genital cutting. Metaphilosophy. ISSN: 0026-1068, 31 (5) pp. 469 – 491

Narayan, U. 1997. Contesting cultures: ‘westernization,’ respect for cultures and third world feminists. In: L. Nicholson (ed.) The second wave : a reader in feminist theory ISBN: 0415917611 (pbk.) : £14.99; 0415917603. London: Routledge.

Narayan, U. and Harding, S. (eds) 2000. Decentering the center : philosophy for a multicultural, postcolonial, and feminist world ISBN: 0253213843 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0253337372 (cloth : alk. paper). Bloomington: Indiana University Press

Okin, S. M. 1998. Feminism and Multiculturalism: Some Tensions. Ethics. ISSN: 0014-1704, 108 pp. 661–84

Pedwell, C. 2007. Theorising ‘African’ female genital cutting and ‘western’ body modification: a critique of the continuum and analogue approaches. Feminist review. ISSN: 0141-7789.  86 pp. 45–66.

Pedwell, C. 2010. Feminism, culture and embodied practice : the rhetorics of comparison ISBN: 9780415497909 (hbk.) : £75.00; 0415497906 (hbk.) : £75.00; 9780203877531 (ebk.); 0203877535 (ebk.). London: Routledge.

Pedwell, C. 2011. The limits of cross-cultural analogy: Muslim veiling and ‘western’ fashion and beauty practices. In: R. Gill and C. Scharff (eds) New femininities : postfeminism, neoliberalism and subjectivity ISBN: 9780230223349 (hbk.) : £55.00; 0230223346 (hbk.) : £55.00. London: Palgrave Macmillan

Phillips, A. 2007. Multiculturalism without culture ISBN: 0691129444 (alk. paper); 9780691129440 (alk. paper). Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Read, J. G. and Bartkowski, J. P. 2000. To veil or not to veil? A case study of identity negotiation among Muslim women in Austin, Texas. Gender & society. ISSN: 0891-2432, 14 (3) pp. 395-417

Saghal, G. and Yuval-Davis, N. (eds) 1992. Refusing holy orders : women and fundamentalism in Britain. London: Virago

Saharso, S. 2003. Feminist ethics, autonomy and the politics of multiculturalism. Feminist theory. ISSN: 1464-7001 4:2, pp. 199-215

Scharff, C. 2011. Disarticulating feminism: individualization, neoliberalism and the othering of ‘Muslim women’. The European journal of women's studies. ISSN: 1350-5068. 18(2), pp.119-134.

Shachar, A. 2001. Multicultural jurisdictions : cultural differences and women's rights ISBN: 0521776740 (pbk); 0521772095; 0511049668 (electronic book). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Song, S. 2007. Justice, gender, and the politics of multiculturalism ISBN: 9780521874878; 0521874874; 9780521697590 (pbk.); 052169759X (pbk.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Spivak, G. C. 1988. Can the subaltern speak? In: C. Nelson and L. Grossberg (eds) Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture. Urbana: University of Illinois Press

Volpp, L 2001. Feminism versus multiculturalism. Columbia Law Review. ISSN: 0010-1958, 101: 5. pp. 1181 – 1218.

Wade, L. 2011. The politics of acculturation: female genital cutting and the challenge of building multicultural democracies. Social problems. ISSN: 0037-7791, 58 (1) pp. 518-537

 Special issue:

 Special issue ‘the rights of women and crisis in multiculturalism’ in Ethnicities ISSN: 1468-7968, 8 (3) edited by A. Phillips and S. Saharso

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Topic 5: Feminist technoscience

Essential readings:

Law, J. and Singleton, V., 2000. Performing technology’s stories: on social constructivism, performance, and performativity. Technology and culture. ISSN: 0040-165x41(4), pp.765-775. 

Star, S.L., 1990. Power, technology and the phenomenology of conventions: on being allergic to onions. The Sociological Review ISSN: 0038-0261; 1467-954X38(S1), pp.26-56. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  

Haraway, D.J., 1997. Modest_Witness@Second_Millennium.FemaleMan_Meets_OncoMouse : feminism and technoscience. Psychology Press. Chapter 2: FemaleMan©­_Meets_­OncoMouseTM. Ch. Mice into wormholes: A technoscience fugue in two parts. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  

 Further readings:

Barad, K., 2003. Posthumanist performativity: Toward an understanding of how matter comes to matter. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740: Journal of women in culture and society28(3), pp.801-831.

Barad, K., 2007. Meeting the universe halfway : quantum physics and the entanglement of matter and meaning. Duke University Press.

de la Bellacasa, M.P., 2011. Matters of care in technoscience: Assembling neglected things. Social studies of science. ISSN: 0306-312741(1), pp.85-106.

Fausto-Sterling, A. (2000) Sexing the body : gender politics and the construction of sexuality ISBN: 0465077145 (pbk); 0465077137; 9780786724338 (ebook). New York: Basic Books.

Fausto-Sterling, A (2002) The five sexes: why male and female are not enough’. In C. L. Williams and A. Stein (eds.) Sexuality and gender ISBN: 0631222723 (pbk); 0631222715 (hardback). Oxford: Blackwell.

Fausto-Sterling, A. (2005) The bare bones of sex: part I – sex and gender’,
 Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740 30(2) pp.1491-1527. 

Haraway, D.J., 1989. Primate visions: gender, race, and nature in the world of modern science. Psychology Press.

Haraway, D. (1991) A cyborg manifesto: science, technology, and socialist-feminism in the late twentieth century. In: Simians, cyborgs, and women: the reinvention of nature. London: Free Association Books.

Haraway, D.J., (2004). The Haraway reader ISBN: 0415966892 (pbk.) : £16.99; 0415966884. Psychology Press. See in particular: ‘The promises of monsters: a regenerative politics for inappropriate/d others.

Harding, S.G., 1986. The science question in feminism. Cornell University Press.

Kenney, M. and Müller, R., 2017. Of rats and women: narratives of motherhood in environmental epigenetics. BioSocieties12(1), pp.23-46. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Latour, B., 1987. Science in action: how to follow scientists and engineers through society. Harvard university press.

Latour, B., 2005. Reassembling the social: an introduction to actor-network-theory. Oxford university press.

Latour, B., 1993. We have never been modern ISBN: 0674948394 (pbk); 0674948386. Harvard University Press. Chapter 1: Crisis.

Martin, E., 1991. The egg and the sperm: how science has constructed a romance based on stereotypical male-female roles. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740: Journal of Women in Culture and Society16(3), pp.485-501.

Mol, A., 1999. Ontological politics. A word and some questions. The sociological review. ISSN: 0038-0261; 1467-954X47(1_suppl), pp.74-89.

Mol, A., 2002. The body multiple : ontology in medical practice ISBN: 0822329026 (cloth : alk. paper); 0822329174 (pbk. : alk. paper). Duke University Press.

Murphy, M., 2004. Uncertain exposures and the privilege of imperception: activist scientists and race at the US Environmental Protection Agency. Osiris ISSN: 0369-782719, pp.266-282. - Available online:

Murphy, M., 2012. Seizing the means of reproduction : entanglements of feminism, health, and technoscience. Duke University Press.

Sundberg, J., 2014. Decolonizing posthumanist geographies. Cultural geographies. ISSN: 1474-474021(1), pp.33-47.

TallBear, K., 2013. Native American DNA : tribal belonging and the false promise of genetic science ISBN: 9780816665860 (pbk.); 9780816665853 (hbk.). University of Minnesota Press.

Willey, A., 2016. A world of materialisms: postcolonial feminist science studies and the new natural. Science, technology, & human values41(6), pp.991-1014. - Available online:

 Special issues:

 Martin, A., Myers, N., & Viseu, A. 2015. The politics of care in technoscience. Social studies of science. ISSN: 0306-3127, 45 (5).


 Donna Haraway has a series of wonderful youtube videos which are worth browsing. Among the best:

 Donna Haraway reads The National Geographic on Primates: – A series of frankly amazing videos of Haraway working through primatology as it appears in the National Geographic.

Donna Haraway: “Staying with the trouble: Making kin in the Cthulucene.”:

 Other resources

 New materialism, Morethan-, and post-human perspectives (including much of Haraway’s more recent work) is considered in more depth in the module Contested Bodies. The contested bodies handbook will be made available on the VLE.

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Topic 6: Transgender

Essential readings:

Hines, S. 2010. Introduction. In: Hines, S. and Sanger, T. (eds.) Transgender identities : towards a social analysis of gender diversity. Routledge  

Stone, S. 1991. The empire strikes back: a post-transsexual manifesto. In: J. Epstein and K. Straub (eds.) 1991. Body guards : the cultural politics of gender ambiguity, London: Routledge. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  

Halberstam, J. 1998. Female masculinity ISBN: 0822322439 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0822322269. London: Duke University Press. Ch. 5.  

 Further readings:

Blackwood, E. 1994. Sexuality and gender in certain Native American tribes: the case of cross-gender females. In A. Herrmann and A. Stewart (eds.) Theorizing feminism: parallel trends in the humanities and social sciences. Boulder: Westview

Boellstorff, T. et al. 2014. Decolonizing transgender: a roundtable discussion. TSQ 1 (3) pp. 419-439 - Available online:

Bornstein, K. 1994. Gender outlaw : on men, women, and the rest of us ISBN: 0415908973. London: Routledge.

Butler, J. 2002. Performative subversions. In: S. Jackson and S. Scott (eds) Gender : a sociological reader ISBN: 0415201802 (pbk.) : £16.99; 0415201799. London: Routledge

Butler, J. 2004. Undiagnosing gender. In: Undoing gender ISBN: 0415969239 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0415969220 (alk. paper). London: Routledge.

Califia, P. 1997. Sex changes : the politics of transgenderism ISBN: 1573441805. San Francisco: Cleis Press.

Cromwell, J. 1999. Transmen and FTMs : identities, bodies, genders, and sexualities ISBN: 0252068254 (pbk. : acid-free paper); 0252024397 (cloth : acid-free paper)University of Illinois Press

De Vries, K. M. 2014. Transgender people of colour at the centre: conceptualising a new intersectional model. Ethnicities ISSN: 1468-7968 pp. 1-25

Ekins, R. and King, D. (eds.) 1996. Blending genders : social aspects of cross-dressing and sex-changing. London: Routledge

Ekins, R., King, D. 2006. The transgender phenomenon ISBN: 0761971645 (pbk.) : £21.99; 0761971637 (hbk.) : £70.00. London: Sage

Halberstam, J. 2005. In a queer time and place : transgender bodies, subcultural lives ISBN: 0814735851 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0814735843 (cloth : alk. paper). New York and London: New York University Press

Heyes, C. J. 2000. Reading transgender, rethinking women’s studies. NWSA journal : a publication of the National Women's Studies Association. ISSN: 1040-0656 9(2) pp. 170-180

Heyes, C. J. 2003. Feminist solidarity after queer theory: the case of transgender. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740 28 (4) 1019-1120

Hines, S. 2005. I am a feminist but…: transgender, men, women and feminism. In: Reger, J. (ed) Different wavelengths : studies of the contemporary women's movement ISBN: 0415948797 (pbk.) : £15.99; 9780415948784 (cased) : £49.00; 0415948789 (cased) : £49.00; 9780415948791 (pbk.) : £15.99.  New York and London: Routledge

Hines, S. 2006. What’s the difference?: bringing particularity to queer studies of transgender. Journal of gender studies. ISSN: 0958-9236 15(1) pp. 49-67

Hines, S. 2006. Intimate transitions: transgender practices of partnering and parenting. Sociology. ISSN: 0038-0385 40 (2)

Hines, S. 2007. Social/cultural change and transgender citizenship. Sociological research online. ISSN: 1360-7804 12 (1)

Hines, S. 2007. Transgendering care: practices of care within transgender communities. Critical social policy. ISSN: 0261-0183, 27 (4)

Hines, S. 2008. Tran(s)sexualities: negotiating sexual identity, desire and practice through gender transition. In: Beckett, C, Heathcote, O. and Macey, M. (eds) Negotiating boundaries? : identities, sexualities, diversities ISBN: 1847182739; 9781847182739. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholarly Press.

Hines, S. 2009. (Trans) gendered fabrications: exploring surgery debates in transgender theory and trans narratives. In: Klaver, E. (ed) Fabricating the body : effects of obligation and exchange in contemporary discourse ISBN: 9781443857697 (ebk); 1443852325; 9781443852326. SUNY Press

Hines, S. 2009. Riding the waves: feminism, lesbian and gay politics, and the transgender debates. In: G. Bhambra and I. Demir (eds) 1968 in retrospect : history, theory, alterity ISBN: 9780230229327 (alk. paper); 0230229328 (alk. paper). Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan.

Hines, S. 2010. Recognising Diversity? Transgender citizenship and the gender recognition act. In: Hines, S and Sanger, T.(eds) Transgender identities : towards a social analysis of gender diversity ISBN: 9780415999304 (hbk.) : £65.00; 0415999308 (hbk.) : £65.00. Routledge.

Hines, S. 2010. Sexing gender/gendering sex: towards an intersectional analysis of transgender. In: Taylor, Y., Hines, S. and Casey M. (eds.) Theorizing intersectionality and sexuality ISBN: 9780230229303 (hbk.) Palgrave Macmillan.

Hines, S. 2010. A pathway to diversity?: human rights, citizenship and politics of transgender. In: K. Kollman and M. Waites (eds.) The global politics of LGBT human rights. Routledge. - Available online:

Hines, S. 2012. Stirring it up- again: a politics of difference in the new millennium. In: Hines, and Taylor, Y. (eds) Sexualities : past reflections, future directions. Palgrave MacMillan

Hird, M. J. 2000. Gender’s nature: Intersexuals, Transsexuals and the ‘sex’/’gender’ binary. Feminist theory. ISSN: 1464-7001 1(2) pp. 347-364

Hird, M. J. 2002. For a sociology of transsexualism. Sociology. ISSN: 0038-0385 36(3) pp. 557-595

Hird, M. J. 2002. Out/performing our selves – invitation for dialogue. Sexualities. ISSN: 1363-4607, 5 (3) pp. 337-356

Kessler, S. and McKenna, W. 2000. Who put the ‘trans’ in transgender? Gender theory and everyday Life. The International Journal of Transgenderism, 4 (3) - Available online:

Koyama, E. 2003. Transfeminist Manifesto. In: Dicker, R. and Piepmeier, A. (eds) Catching a wave : reclaiming feminism for the 21st century ISBN: 1555535704 (pbk.); 1555535712 (cloth). Northeastern Press

Monro, S. 2005. Gender politics ISBN: 0745319688 (pbk) : £15.99; 0745319696: citizenship, activism and sexual diversity, London: Pluto Press

More, K and Whittle, S (eds.) 1999. Reclaiming genders : transsexual grammars at the Fin de Siècle ISBN: 0304337765 (paperback); 0304337773. London: Cassell.

Munt, S. 1997. Butch/femme : inside lesbian gender ISBN: 0304339598 (pbk ; hard); 030433958X. London: Continuum

Namaste, V. 2009. Undoing theory: the ‘transgender question’ and the epistemic violence of Anglo-American feminist theory. Hypatia. ISSN: 0887-5367 24 (3) pp. 11-32

Prosser, J. 1998. Second skins : the body narratives of transsexuality ISBN: 0231109350 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0231109342. New York: Columbia.

Roen, K. 2001.Transgender theory and embodiment: the risk of racial marginalisation. Journal of gender studies. ISSN: 0958-9236 10 (3) pp. 253-263

Stryker, S. 1998. The transgender issue: an introduction. GLQ, 4(2) pp. 145-158 - Available online:

Stryker, S. and Whittle, S. 2007. The transgender studies reader. New York and Abingdon: Routledge

Whittle, S. 2001. The trans-cyberian mail way. In: R. Holliday and J. Hassard (eds.) Contested bodies ISBN: 0415196361 (pbk. ; cased) : No price; 0415196353. London: Routledge.

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Topic 7: Sexuality and queer theory

Essential readings:

Foucault, M. 1979. The repressive hypothesis. In: The history of sexuality. Vol.1, An introduction (trans.Hurley), Harmondsworth: Penguin. pp.15-49. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  

Butler, J. 1994. Gender as performance. Radical philosophy. ISSN: 0300-211x 67 (reprinted in P. Osborne 1996) A critical sense. London: Routledge)  

Fausto-Sterling, A. 2002. The five sexes: why male and female are not enough. In: Christine Williams and Arlene Stein (eds.) Sexuality and gender ISBN: 0631222723 (pbk); 0631222715 (hardback), Oxford: Blackwell. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  

 Further readings:

Abelove, H., Barale, M. A. and Halperin, D. M. (eds) 2012. The lesbian and gay studies reader ISBN: 0415905192 (pbk ; HB : acid-free paper); 0415905184. London and New York: Routledge

Anzaldúa, G. 1999/ Borderlands = La frontera. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Books.

Beauvoir, S. 1949. The second sex. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Butler, J. 1990. Gender trouble: feminism and the subversion of identity. New York: Routledge.

Butler, J. 1991. Imitation and gender insubordination. In: D. Fuss Inside/out : lesbian theories, gay theories ISBN: 0415902371 (pbk); 0415902363. New York: Routledge.

Butler, J. 1993. Bodies that matter : on the discursive limits of "sex" ISBN: 0415903661 (pbk); 0415903653 (cl. : alk. paper). New York: Routledge. Especially Ch. ‘critically queer’ pp. 232-242

Epstein, J. and Straub, K. (eds.) 1991. Body guards : the cultural politics of gender ambiguity ISBN: 0415903882; 0415903890 (pbk). London: Routledge.

Fausto-Sterling, A. 1992. Myths of gender: biological theories about men and women. New York: Basic Books.

Foucault, M. 1981. The history of sexuality. Vol.1, An introduction New York: Vintage Books.

Halberstam, J. 2005. In a queer time and place : transgender bodies, subcultural lives ISBN: 0814735851 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0814735843 (cloth : alk. paper). New York: New York University Press 

Hawley, J.C. (ed) 2001. Postcolonial and queer theories : intersections and essays ISBN: 0313315914. New York: State University of New York Press. 

Heyes, C. J. 2003. Feminist solidarity after queer theory: the case of transgender. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740 28 (4) 1019-1120

Jackson, S. and Scott, S. (eds) 1996. Feminism and sexuality : a reader ISBN: 074860622X; 070280832X. New York: Columbia University Press

Jackson, S. 2006. Gender, sexuality and heterosexuality: the complexity (and limits) of heteronormativity. Feminist theory. ISSN: 1464-7001, 7(1) pp. 105-121 

Jagose, A. 1996. Queer theory : an introduction ISBN: 0814742343 (pbk); 0814742335. University of Melbourne Press 

Johnson, E. P. and Henderson, M (eds) 2005. Black queer studies : a critical anthology ISBN: 0822336189 (pbk.) : £15.95; 0822336294 (hbk.) : £64.00 Durham: Duke University Press 

Kessler, S. 1994. The medical construction of gender: case management of intersexed infants. In: A. Herrmann and A. Stewart (eds.) Theorizing feminism: parallel trends in the humanities and social sciences, Boulder: Westview

Levine, P. 2000. Orientalist sociology and the creation of colonial sexualities. Feminist review. ISSN: 0141-7789, 65. Pp. 5-21 

Lacquer, T. 1990. Making sex: body and gender from the Greeks to Freud. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.

Munt, S. (ed.) 1998. Butch/femme : inside lesbian gender ISBN: 0304339598 (pbk ; hard); 030433958X. London: Cassell.

Nestle, J. (ed.) 1992. The Persistent desire : a femme-butch reader. Boston MA: Alyson Publications.

Rich, A. 1980. Compulsory heterosexuality and lesbian existence. In: Stimpson and Person (eds) Women : sex and sexuality ISBN: 0226774767; 0226774775 (pbk). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Richardson, Diane (2000) Rethinking sexuality ISBN: 0761967095 (pbk.) : £15.99; 0761967087. London: Sage.

Rubin, G. 1975. Thinking sex: notes for a radical theory of the politics of sexuality. In Abelove, H., Barale, M.A. and Halperin, D. (eds) 1993. The lesbian and gay studies reader ISBN: 0415905192 (pbk ; HB : acid-free paper); 0415905184. New York: Routledge. 

Sedgwick, E. K. 1990. The epistemology of the closet. Berkeley: University of California Press. 

Walters, S. D. 1996. From here to queer: radical feminism, postmodernism and the lesbian menace. Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740 21 (4)

Weed, E. and Schor, N. (eds) 1997. Feminism meets queer theory ISBN: 0253211182 (pbk); 0253332788. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Wiegman, R. 2006. Heteronormativity and the desire for gender. Feminist theory. ISSN: 1464-7001 7(1) pp. 98-103

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Topic 8: Popular culture and post-feminism

Essential Readings:

McRobbie, A. 2004. Postfeminism and popular culture. Feminist Media Studies ISSN: 1468-0777 4(3) pp. 255-264  

Gill, R. 2017. The affective, cultural and psychic life of postfeminism: A postfeminist sensibility 10 years on. European Journal of Cultural Studies ISSN: 1367-5494. 20(6) pp. 606 - 626  

Butler, J. 2013. For white girls only?: postfeminism and the politics of inclusion. Feminist formations ISSN: 2151-7363 25 (1) pp. 35-58  

 *If possible please also read :

Rottenberg, C "How neoliberalism colonised feminism - and what you can do about it" The Conversation, May 2018:

Banet-Weiser, S (2018) Empowered : popular feminism and popular misogyny ISBN: 9781478002918 paperback ; alkaline paper; 9781478001683 hardcover ; alkaline paper; 1478001682 hardcover ; alkaline paper; 1478002913 paperback ; alkaline paper New York: Duke University Press (Chapter 1: Introduction)

 Further readings:

 Allen, K., Mendick, H., Harvey, L. and Ahmad, A. 2015. Welfare queens, thrifty housewives, and do-it-all mums: celebrity motherhood and the cultural politics of austerity. Feminist Media Studies ISSN: 1468-0777, 15 (6) pp. 907-925.

Arthurs, J. 2003. Sex and the city and consumer culture: remediating postfeminist drama. Feminist Media Studies ISSN: 1468-0777 3 (1) pp. 83-98

Brooks, A. 1997. Postfeminisms : feminism, cultural theory, and cultural forms. London: Routledge

Budgeon, S. 2011. The contradictions of successful femininity: Third-wave feminism, post-feminism and ‘new’ femininities. In R. Gill & C. Scharff (Eds.), New femininities : postfeminism, neoliberalism and subjectivity (pp. 1–17). Basingstoke: PalgraveMacmillan.

Budgeon, S. 2015. Individualized femininity and feminist politics of choice. The European journal of women's studies. ISSN: 1350-5068. 22(3), pp.303-318.

Cobb S. 2015. Is this what a feminist looks like? Male celebrity feminists and the postfeminist politics of ‘equality’, Celebrity studies. ISSN: 1939-2397; 1939-2400, 6(1), 136-139

Dosekun, S. 2015. For Western Girls Only? Post-feminism as Transnational Culture. Feminist Media Studies ISSN: 1468-0777 15(6) pp. 96-975

Driscoll, C. 2002. Girls : feminine adolescence in popular culture and cultural theory ISBN: 9780231119139 (pbk.); 0231119127 (cloth); 9780231119122 (cloth); 0231119135 (pbk.); 9780231504720 (ebk). New York: Columbia University Press.

Evans, A. and Riley, S. 2013. Immaculate consumption: negotiating the sex symbol in postfeminist celebrity culture. Journal of gender studies. ISSN: 0958-9236 22 (3): pp. 268-281.

Gamble, S. (ed) 2006. The Routledge companion to feminism and postfeminism ISBN: 0415243106 (pbk). London and New York: Routledge. Ch. 4‘postfeminism’ and Ch. 9 ‘feminism and popular culture’

Genz, S. 2006. Third Way/ve: the politics of postfeminism. Feminist theory. ISSN: 1464-7001 7(3) 333-354

Genz, S. 2009. Postfemininities in popular culture ISBN: 9780230551503. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Genz, S. and Brabon, B. A. 2009. Postfeminism : cultural texts and theories ISBN: 9780748635801 (pbk.) : £14.99; 9780748635795 (cased) : £50.00; 0748635793 (cased) : £50.00; 0748635807 (pbk.) : £14.99. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press

Gill, R. and Scharff, C. (eds) 2011. New femininities : postfeminism, neoliberalism and subjectivity ISBN: 9780230223349 (hbk.) : £55.00; 0230223346 (hbk.) : £55.00. Palgrave McMillan

Gill, R. and Donaghue, N. 2013. As if postfeminism had come true: the turn to agency in cultural studies of ‘sexualisation. In: S. Madhok, A. Phillips and Wilson, K. (eds) Gender, agency, and coercion ISBN: 9780230300323 (hbk.) : £55.00; 0230300324 (hbk.) : £55.00: thinking gender in transnational times. Palgrave McMillan

Gill, R. 2007. Gender and the media ISBN: 9780745619156 (pbk.); 9780745612737; 0745612733; 0745619150 (pbk.); 9780745698991 ebk. Cambridge: Polity.

Gill, R. 2007. Postfeminist media culture: elements of a sensibility. European Journal of Cultural Studies ISSN: 1367-5494. 10(2), pp.147-166.

Gill, R. 2008. Empowerment/sexism: figuring female sexual agency in contemporary advertising. Feminism & psychology. ISSN: 0959-3535. 18(1), pp.35-60.

Gill, R. 2016. Post-feminism?: new feminist visibilities in postfeminist times. Feminist Media Studies ISSN: 1468-0777 16 (4) pp. 610-630

Harris, A. 2004. Future girl : young women in the twenty-first century. New York, NY: Routledge.

Hamad, H., Taylor, A. 2015. Introduction: Feminism and contemporary celebrity culture, Celebrity studies. ISSN: 1939-2397; 1939-2400 6 (1) pp. 124-12

Holliday, R. 2015. Media and popular culture. In: V. Robinson and D. Richardson (eds) Introducing gender and women’s studies. 4th ed. Palgrave McMillan.

Jackson, S., Vares, T. and Gill, R. 2013. ‘The whole playboy mansion image’: girls’ fashioning and fashioned selves within a postfeminist culture. Feminism & psychology. ISSN: 0959-3535 3 (2)

Jensen, T. and Ringrose, J. 2014. Sluts that choose vs doormat gypsies: exploring affect in the postfeminist, visual moral economy of My Big Fat Gypsy Wedding. Feminist Media Studies ISSN: 1468-0777. 14(3), pp.369-387.

Joseph, R. L. 2009. ‘Tyra Banks is fat’: reading (post) racism and (post) feminism in the new millennium. Critical studies in media communication ISSN: 1529-5036 26 (3) pp. 237-254

Keller J & Ringrose J. 2015. But then feminism goes out the window!’: exploring teenage girls’ critical response to celebrity feminism, Celebrity studies. ISSN: 1939-2397; 1939-2400, 6:1, pp 132-135

McRobbie, A. 2008. Young women and consumer culture. Cultural studies. ISSN: 0950-2386 22 (5) pp. 531-550

McRobbie A. 2005. Notes on ‘what not to wear’ and post-feminist symbolic violence. The sociological review. ISSN: 0038-0261; 1467-954X 52(2): 97–109

McRobbie, A. 2007. Top girls? Young women and the post-feminist sexual contract. Cultural studies. ISSN: 0950-2386, 21, 718–737.

McRobbie, A. 2009. The aftermath of feminism : gender, culture and social change. London: SAGE. Especially Ch. 1 ‘Post-feminism and popular culture: Bridget Jones and the new gender regime’

Mendick H., Allen, K. and Harvey, L. 2015. ‘We can get everything we want if we try hard’: Young people, celebrity, hard work. British journal of educational studies. ISSN: 0007-1005 63 (2) pp. 161-78

Modleski, T. 1991. Feminism without women : culture and criticism in a "postfeminist" age. London and New York: Routledge.

Negra, D. 2008. What a girl wants : fantasizing the reclamation of self in postfeminism. Oxon and New York: Routledge,

Negra, D. and Tasker, Y. 2014. Gendering the recession : media and culture in an age of austerity ISBN: 9780822356967; 0822356961, Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Ringrose, J. 2007. Successful girls? Complicating post-feminist, neoliberal discourses of educational achievement and gender equality. Gender and education. ISSN: 0954-0253, 19, 471–489.

Ringrose, J. 2012. Postfeminist education? : girls and the sexual politics of schooling. London: Routledge.

Rottenberg, C. 2013. The rise of neoliberal feminism. Cultural studies. ISSN: 0950-2386 28(3): 418‐437.

Scharff, C. 2011. Disarticulating feminism: Individualization, neoliberalism and the othering of ‘Muslim women’.” The European journal of women's studies. ISSN: 1350-5068 18(2): 119-134.

Scharff, C. 2011. The new German feminisms: of wetlands and alpha-girls. In R. Gill and C Scharff (eds) New femininities : postfeminism, neoliberalism and subjectivity. Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan.

Scharff, C. 2012. Repudiating feminism : young women in a neoliberal world. Farnham, Ashgate.

Savigny, H. and Sleight, S. 2015. Postfeminism and heavy metal in the United Kingdom: sexy or sexist? Metal music studies. ISSN: 2052-3998; 2052-4005. 1(3), pp.341-357.

Skeggs, B. 1997. Formations of class and gender : becoming respectable ISBN: 0761955127 (pbk); 0761955119; 0585349797. London: Sage.

Springer, K. 2008. Divas, evil Black bitches, and bitter Black women: African-American women in postfeminism and post-civil rights popular culture. In: C. Brunsdon and L. Spigel (eds) Feminist television criticism: a reader. 2nd ed. Maidenhead: Open University Press

Tasker, Y. and Negra, N. (eds) 2007. Interrogating postfeminism : gender and the politics of popular culture. Durham: Duke University Press

Taylor, A. 2012. Single women in popular culture : the limits of postfeminism ISBN: 9780230358607 (e-book). Palgrave McMillan

Walkerdine, V. 2003. Reclassifying upward mobility: femininity and the neo-liberal subject. Gender and education. ISSN: 0954-0253. 15(3), pp.237-248

Weidhase, N. 2015 ‘Beyoncé feminism’ and the contestation of the black feminist body, Celebrity studies. ISSN: 1939-2397; 1939-2400, 6:1, pp.128-131

 Media texts/ blogs:

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Topic 9: Technologies of sex, eugenics, and disability

Key readings

 Adams, Mark B., The wellborn science : eugenics in Germany, France, Brazil, and Russia, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1990.  

Cleminson, Richard, ‘Eugenics without the state: anarchism in Catalonia, 1900–1937’, Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences. ISSN: 1369-8486, 39 (2), 2008, pp. 232–239.  

Freeden, Michael, ‘Eugenics and Progressive Thought: A Study in Ideological Affinity’, The historical journal. ISSN: 0018-246x, 22(3), 1979, pp. 645–671.  

Galton, Francis, Inquiries into Human Faculty and its Development, London, Macmillan, 1883.  

Other materials by Francis Galton of your choice.

Further readings

 Agamben, Giorgio, Homo Sacer : sovereign power and bare life ISBN: 0804732183 (pbk.) : £11.95; 0804732175, Stanford University Press, Stanford, 1998.

Allen, Garland, ‘From Eugenics to Population Control: The Work of Raymond Pearl’, Science for the People, July/August 1980, pp. 22–28. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (SRJ 07/12/2017) 

Almeida, Miguel Vale de, ‘“Longing for Oneself”: Hybridism and Miscegenation in Colonial and Postcolonial Portugal’, Etnográfica, 1, 2002, pp. 181–200. - Available online:

———, ‘Anthropology and Ethnology of the Portuguese-speaking Empire’, in Prem Poddar (ed.), A historical companion to postcolonial literatures : continental Europe and its empires, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 2008, pp. 435–438.

Barkan, Elazar, ‘Mobilizing Scientists against Nazi Racism, 1933–1939’, in George W. Stocking, Jr. (ed.), Bones, bodies, behavior : essays on biological anthropology ISBN: 0299112543 (paperback); 0299112500, History of Anthropology Volume V, Madison/London, University of Wisconsin, 1988, pp. 180–205.

———, ‘Reevaluating Progressive Eugenics: Herbert Spence Jennings and the 1924 Immigration Legislation’, Journal of the history of biology. ISSN: 0022-5010; 1573-0387, 24(1), 1991, pp. 91–112.

Barrett, Deborah and Charles Kurzman, ‘Globalizing social movement theory: The case of eugenics’, Theory and society. ISSN: 0304-2421, 33(5), 2004, pp. 487–527.

Bauman, Zygmunt, Modernity and the Holocaust, Cambridge, Polity Press, 1989.

———, Modernity and ambivalence ISBN: 0745612423 (pbk); 0745605737, Cambridge, Polity Press, 1991.

Broberg, Gunnar and Nils Roll-Hansen, Eugenics and the Welfare State : Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and Finland, East Lansing, Michigan State University Press, 1996.

Bucur, Maria, Eugenics and modernization in interwar Romania [electronic resource] ISBN: 0822941724, Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Press, 2002.

Burdett, Carolyn, ‘Introduction: Eugenics Old and New’, New formations. ISSN: 0950-2378, 60, 2007, pp. 7–12.

Camiscioli, Elisa, Reproducing the French race : immigration, intimacy, and embodiment in the early twentieth century, Durham/London, Duke University Press, 2009.

Campbell, Chloe, Race and empire : eugenics in colonial Kenya ISBN: 9780719071607, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 2007.

Chambers, D.W. and R. Gillespie, ‘Locality in the History of Science: Colonial Science, Technoscience and Indigenous Knowledge’, Osiris ISSN: 0369-7827, 15 (2000), pp. 221–240. - Available online:

Childs, Donald J., Modernism and eugenics : Woolf, Eliot, Yeats and the culture of degeneration ISBN: 0521806011, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Cleminson, Richard, Anarchism, science and sex : eugenics in Eastern Spain, 1900-1937, Oxford/Bern, Peter Lang, 2000.

Cleminson, Richard, ‘Eugenics in Portugal, 1900–1950: Setting a Research Agenda’, East Central Europe, 38(1), 2011, pp. 133–154. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Cleminson, Richard and Luís Souto Miranda, ‘Traces of Eugenic Thought in the Work of Egas Moniz’, Portuguese studies. ISSN: 0267-5315, 28(1), 2012, pp. 63–76.

Cleminson, Richard, ‘Medical Understandings of the Body 1750 to the Present’, in Sarah Toulalan and Kate Fisher (eds.), The Routledge History of Sex and the Body, 1500 to the present, London, Routledge, 2013, pp. 75–88.

Eraso, Yolanda, ‘Biotypology, Endocrinology, and Sterilization: The Practice of Eugenics in the Treatment of Argentinean Women during the 1930s’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. ISSN: 0007-5140, 81(4), 2007, pp. 793–822.

Etkind, Alexander, ‘Beyond eugenics: the forgotten scandal of hybridizing humans and apes’, Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences. ISSN: 1369-8486, 39(2), 2008, pp. 205–210.

Ferraz de Matos, Patrícia, The colours of the empire : racialized representations during Portuguese colonialism, New York, Berghahn, 2012.

Foucault, Michel, The Birth of the Clinic: An Archaeology of Medical Perception, London, Routledge, 1989.

———, The history of sexuality. Vol.1, An introduction, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1990.

———, Genealogia del racismo : de la Guerra de razas al racismo de Estado ISBN: 9788477311300, trans. Alfredo Tzveibely, Madrid, La Piqueta, 1992. - Available online:  

———, ‘Non au sexe roi’, in Dits et Écrits. III. 1976–1979, Paris, Gallimard, 1994, pp. 256–269.

Freeden, Michael, ‘Eugenics and Progressive Thought: A Study in Ideological Affinity’, The historical journal. ISSN: 0018-246x, 22(3), 1979, pp. 645–671.

Galton, Francis, Inquiries into Human Faculty and its Development, London, Macmillan, 1883.

Goode, Joshua, Impurity of blood : defining race in Spain, 1870-1930, Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University Press, 2009.

Grazia, V. de, The culture of consent : mass organization of leisure in fascist Italy, New York/Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Hacking, Ian, The social construction of what? ISBN: 067481200X, Cambridge, Mass./London, Harvard University Press, 1999.

Hall, Lesley, ‘Eugenics, sex and the state: some introductory remarks’, Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences. ISSN: 1369-8486, 39(2), 2008, pp. 177–180.

Jiménez Alonso, Belén, ‘Eugenics, Sexual Pedagogy and Social Change: Constructing the Responsible Subject of Governmentality in the Spanish Second Republic’, Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences. ISSN: 1369-8486, 39, 2008, pp. 247–254.

Jordanova, Ludmilla, Lamarck ISBN: 0192875876 (pbk ; cased) : £1.95; 0192875884, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1984.

Kerr, Anne & Tom Shakespeare, Genetic politics : from eugenics to genome ISBN: 1873797257, Cheltenham, New Clarion Press, 2002.

Kevles, Daniel J., In the Name of Eugenics: Genetics and the Uses of Human Heredity, New York, Knopf, 1985.

Kohn, Marek, The Race Gallery: The Return of Racial Science, London, Jonathan Cape, 1995, pp. 29–30.

Levine, Philippa, ‘Anthropology, Colonialism, and Eugenics’, in Alison Bashford and Philippa Levine (eds.), The Oxford handbook of the history of eugenics ISBN: 9780199945054; 9780195373141 (hbk.); 0195373146 (hbk.), Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2010, pp. 43–61.

Lucassen, Leo, ‘A Brave New World: The Left, Social Engineering, and Eugenics in Twentieth-Century Europe’, International review of social history. ISSN: 0020-8590, 55(2), 2010, pp. 265–296.

Ludmerer, Kenneth M., Genetics and American society : a historical appraisal ISBN: 9780801813573, Baltimore/London, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1972

Mazumdar, Pauline M.H., Eugenics, human genetics and human failings : the Eugenics Society, its sources and its critics in Britain, London, Routledge, 1992.

———, ‘“Reform eugenics” and the decline of Mendelism’, Trends in genetics. ISSN: 0168-9525, 18(1), 2002, pp. 48–52.

Mazumdar, Pauline M.H. (ed.), The eugenics movement : an international perspective ISBN: 9780415368711 (set) : No price; 0415368715 (set) : No price; 9784902708394 (Athena Press : set) : No price; 9780415368728 (v. 1) : No price; 0415368723 (v. 1) : No price; 9780415368735 (v. 2) : No price; 0415368731 (v. 2) : No price; 9780415368742 (v. 3) : No price; 041536874X (v. 3) : No price; 9780415368759 (v. 4) : No price; 0415368758 (v. 4) : No price; 9780415368766 (v. 5) : No price; 0415368766 (v. 5) : No price; 9780415368773 (v. 6) : No price; 0415368774 (v. 6) : No price, 6 vols., London, Routledge, 2007.

Mottier, Véronique and Natalia Gerodetti, ‘Eugenics and Social Democracy: or, How the European Left Tried to Eliminate the “Weeds” From its National Gardens’, New formations. ISSN: 0950-2378, 60, 2007, pp. 35–49.

Müller-Hill, Benno, ‘The Blood from Auschwitz and the Silence of the Scholars’, History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences, 21, 1999, pp. 331–365. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Nash, Mary, ‘Pronatalism and Motherhood in Franco's Spain’, in Gisela Bock and Pat Thane (eds.), Maternity and Gender Policies: Women and the Rise of the European Welfare States, 1880s–1950s, London, Routledge, 1991, pp. 160–177.

Nash, Mary, ‘Social Eugenics and Nationalist Race Hygiene in Early Twentieth Century Spain’, History of European Ideas, 15(4), 1992, pp. 741–748. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Ordover, Nancy, American eugenics : race, queer anatomy, and the science of nationalism ISBN: 0816635595 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0816635587, Minneapolis/London, University of Minnesota Press, 2003.

Overy, Richard, The morbid age : Britain between the wars ISBN: 9780713995633; 0713995637: Britain and the Crisis of Civilization, 1919–1939, London, Penguin, 2010.

Paul, Diane, ‘Eugenics and the Left’, Journal of the history of ideas. ISSN: 0022-5037, 45, 1984, pp. 567–590.

Petersen, Paul, ‘Is the New Genetics Eugenics?’, New formations. ISSN: 0950-2378, 60, 2007, pp. 79–88.

Pichot, André, The pure society : from Darwin to Hitler ISBN: 9781844672448 (hbk.) : £19.99; 1844672441 (hbk.) : £19.99, trans. David Fernbach, London/New York, Verso, 2009.

Pick, Daniel, Faces of degeneration : a European disorder, c.1848-c.1918, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Pinto, António Costa, ‘A formação do integralismo lusitano’, Análise social. ISSN: 0003-2573, XVIII (72–73–74), 1982, pp. 1409–1419.

———, Salazar's dictatorship and European fascism : problems of interpretation, Boulder, Social Science Monographs, 1995.

Quine, Maria Sophia, Population politics in twentieth century Europe : fascist dictatorships and liberal democracies, London/New York, Routledge, 1996, pp. 89–128.

———, ‘The First-Wave Eugenic Revolution in Southern Europe: Science Sans Frontières’, in Alison Bashford and Philippa Levine (eds.), The Oxford handbook of the history of eugenics ISBN: 9780199945054; 9780195373141 (hbk.); 0195373146 (hbk.), New York/Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2010, pp. 377–397.

———, ‘Racial “Sterility” and “Hyperfecundity” in Fascist Italy. Biological Politics of Sex and Reproduction’, Fascism. ISSN: 2211-6249; 2211-6257: Journal of Comparative Fascist Studies, 1, 2012, pp. 92–144.

Reggiani, Andrés Horacio, God's eugenicist : Alexis Carrel and the sociobiology of decline, New York, Berghahn Books, 2007.

———, ‘Depopulation, Fascism, and Eugenics in 1930s Argentina’, The Hispanic American historical review. ISSN: 0018-2168, 90(2), 2010, pp. 283–318.

Rich, Paul, ‘The Long Victorian Sunset: Anthropology, Eugenics and race in Britain, c. 1900–1948’, Patterns of prejudice. ISSN: 0031-322x, 18(3), 1984, pp. 3–17.

Roll-Hansen, Nils, ‘The Progress of Eugenics: Growth of Knowledge and Change in Ideology’, History of science. ISSN: 0073-2753; 1753-8564, 26, 1988, pp. 293–331.

Schneider, William H., Quality and quantity : the quest for biological regeneration in twentieth century France, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Secord, James A., ‘Knowledge in Transit’, Isis. ISSN: 0021-1753, 95 (2004), pp. 654–672.

Sinclair, Alison, Sex and society in early twentieth-century Spain : Hildegart Rodríguez and the World League for Sexual Reform, Cardiff, University of Wales Press, 2007.

Sonn, Richard, ‘“Your body is yours”: Anarchism, Birth Control, and Eugenics in Interwar France’, Journal of the history of sexuality. ISSN: 1043-4070, 14(4), 2005, pp. 415–432.

Stepan, Nancy L., The idea of race in science : Great Britain 1800-1960, Houndmills, Macmillan, 1982.

———, ‘Eugenics in Brazil. 1917–1940’, in Adams, Mark B. (ed.), The wellborn science : eugenics in Germany, France, Brazil, and Russia ISBN: 0195053613, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1990, pp. 110–152.

———, The hour of eugenics : race, gender, and nation in Latin America, Ithaca/London, Cornell University Press, 1991.

Swanson, Gillian, ‘Serenity, Self-Regard and the Genetic Sequence: Social Psychiatry and Preventive Eugenics in Britain, 1930s–1950s’, New formations. ISSN: 0950-2378, 60, 2007, pp. 50–65.

Tannenbaum, E.R., The Fascist experience [electronic resource] : Italian society and culture, 1922-1945 ISBN: 0465068774, New York, Basic Books, 1972.

Turda, Marius, ‘New Perspectives on Race and Eugenics’, The historical journal. ISSN: 0018-246x, 51(4), 2008, pp. 1115–1124.

———, ‘“To End the Degeneration of a Nation”: Debates on Eugenic Sterilization in Inter-war Romania’, Medical history. ISSN: 0025-7273, 53(1), 2009, pp. 77–104.

———, Modernism and eugenics ISBN: 0230230830 (pbk.) : £16.99; 9780230230828 (hbk.) : £50.00; 0230230822 (hbk.) : £50.00; 9780230230835 (pbk.) : £16.99, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Weindling, Paul, Health, Race, and German Politics between National Unification and Nazism, 1870–1945, Cambridg University Press, 1989.

Weiss, Sheila Faith, ‘After the Fall. Political Whitewashing, Professional Posturing, and Personal Refashioning in the Postwar Career of Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer’, Isis. ISSN: 0021-1753, 101 (2010), pp. 722–758.

Wyndham, Diana, Eugenics in Australia : striving for national fitness ISBN: 0950406678, London, Galton Institute, 2003.

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Topic 10: Future and science fiction

Essential reading


Bould, M., Butler, A. M., Roberts, A. and Vint, S. eds. 2009. The Routledge companion to science fiction ISBN: 9780415453790 (pbk.); 9780415453783 (hbk.) : £85.00; 041545378X (hbk.) : £85.00. London and New York: Routledge. Ch. 51 ‘Feminist sf’.  

Butler, O. 1987. Dawn ISBN: 9781453263679 (e-book). Warner Books. This is the first book in the trilogy called Lilith’s Brood or Xenogenesis, which can be bought in one edition. Cheap copies are available from Abe Books and other online sellers.  

Haraway, D. 1991. A cyborg manifesto: science, technology, and socialist-feminism in the late twentieth century. In: Simians, cyborgs, and women: The reinvention of natureLondon: Free Association Books.  

Piercy, M. 1991. Body of glass ISBN: 1785033794; 9781785033797 ISBN: 014015602X (pbk). London: Penguin.   


You may also like to read the following pairing of novel and theory:

Piercy, M. 1979. Woman on the edge of time ISBN: 0704338378 (pbk). London: The Woman’s Press.

Firestone, S. 1979. The dialectic of sex: the case for feminist revolution. London: Women's Press.

Further reading

Ada: A Journal of Gender, New Media & Technology. Special Issue: Feminist Science Fiction

FemSpec: An interdisciplinary feminist journal dedicated to science fiction, fantasy, magical realism, surrealism, myth, folklore and other supernatural genres. - Available online:

Feminist science fiction, fantasy, & utopia bibliography.

SF Mistressworks. Blog about feminist SF, includes  List of 1980s and 1990s feminist science fiction publishing by The Women’s Press:, E.M.P. 2008. Becoming and belonging: The productivity of pleasures and desires in Octavia Butler's 'Xenogenesis' trilogy. Extrapolation. ISSN: 0014-5483. 49(1), pp.24-43.

Adam, A. 1995. Embodying knowledge: a feminist critique of artificial intelligence. The European journal of women's studies. ISSN: 1350-5068. 2, pp.355-377.

Adam, A. 1995. Artificial intelligence and women’s knowledge: what can feminist epistemologies tell us. Women's studies international forum. ISSN: 0277-5395. 18(4), pp.407-415.

Adam, A. 1998. Artificial knowing : gender and the thinking machine ISBN: 041512963X (pbk ; hc); 0415129621. New York;London;: Routledge.

Atwood, M. 2004. The handmaiden’s tale and Oryx and Crake ‘in context’. PMLA. ISSN: 0030-8129 119(3), pp.513-517.

Booker, M.K. 1994. Woman on the edge of a genre, the feminist dystopias of Marge Piercy. Science fiction studies.. 21, pp.337-350.

Bould, M., Butler, A. M., Roberts, A. and Vint, S. eds. 2009. The Routledge companion to science fiction ISBN: 9780415453790 (pbk.); 9780415453783 (hbk.) : £85.00; 041545378X (hbk.) : £85.00. London and New York: Routledge. Ch. 22 ‘Feminism’, Ch. 30 ‘Queer theory’ and Ch. 51 ‘feminist sf’.

Crawford, N. 2003. Feminist futures: science fiction, utopia, and the art of possibilities in world politics. In: J. Weldes ed. To seek out new worlds : science fiction and world politics ISBN: 9781403960580 (paperback); 031229557X (hardback); 9780312295578 (hardback); 1403960585 (paperback). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Crawford, K. 2016. Artificial intelligence’s white guy problem. The New York times. ISSN: 0362-4331. 25/06/2016.

Campolo, A., Sanfilippo, M., Whittaker, M., Crawford, K., Selbst, A.e. and Barocas, S.e. 2017. AI now: 2017 report. New York: NYU Skirball Center.

Cooperman, J.B. 1999. The broom closet : secret meanings of domesticity in postfeminist novels by Louise Erdrich, Mary Gordan, Toni Morrison, Marge Piercy, Jane Smiley, and Amy Tan. New York: Peter Lang.

Copley, S. 2013. Rereading Marge Piercy and Margaret Atwood: eco-feminist perspectives on nature and technology. Critical Survey. 25(2), p40. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Curtis, C.P. 2015. Utopian possibilities: disability, norms, and eugenics in Octavia Butler's Xenogenesis. Journal of literary and cultural disability studies. ISSN: 1757-6458; 1757-6466. 9(1), p19.

Curtis, C.P. 2015. Post-apocalyptic fiction as a space for civic love. English Studies in Africa. ISSN: 0013-8398. 58(2), pp.4-14.

Davis, K. 1997. ‘My body is my art’: cosmetic surgery as feminist utopia? The European journal of women's studies. ISSN: 1350-5068, 4(1), pp.23-37.

DeFalco, A. 2016. Beyond prosthetic memory: posthumanism, embodiment, and caregiving robots. Age Culture Humanities: An Interdisciplinary Journal. (3).

Donawert, J. and Kolmerten, C. A. 1994. Utopian and science fiction by women : worlds of difference ISBN: 0853232695 (cloth : alk. paper); 0853232792 (pbk. : alk. paper). New York: Syracuse University Press.

Dinawerth, J. 1997. Frankenstein's daughters : women writing science fiction. New York: Syracuse University Press.

Flanagan, M. and Booth, A. 2002. Reload : rethinking women + cyberculture ISBN: 9780262561501 (pbk.); 0262062275; 0262561506 (pbk). London: MIT Press.

Gilarek, A. 2012. Marginalization of 'the Other': gender discrimination in dystopian visions by feminist science fiction authors. Text matters : a journal of literature, theory and culture. ISSN: 2083-2931; 2084-574x. 2(2), p221.

Gurman, E. 2011. "The holy and the powerful light that shines through history": tradition and technology in Marge Piercy's He, She and It. Science fiction studies.. 38(3), pp.460-477.

Halberstam, J. 1991. Automating gender: postmodern feminism in the age of the intelligent machine. Feminist Studies. ISSN: 0046-3663. 17(Fall 1991), pp.439-460.

Haraway, D. 1997. Modest_Witness@Second_Millennium.FemaleMan_Meets_OncoMouse : feminism and technoscience ISBN: 0415912458 (pbk. :acid-free paper ; hb : acid-free paper); 041591244X. London: Routledge.

Helford, E. R. ed. 2000. Fantasy girls: gender in the new universe of science fiction and fantasy television. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.

Hird, M.J. and Roberts, C. 2011. Feminism theorises the nonhuman. Feminist theory. ISSN: 1464-7001. 12(2), pp.109-117.

Hollinger, V. 2003. Feminist theory and science fiction. In: James, E. and Mendlesohn, F. eds. The Cambridge companion to science fiction. Cambridge: Cambridge University press.

Johns, A.J. 2010. Becoming Medusa: Octavia Butler's Lilith's Brood. Science fiction studies.. 37(3), p382.

Kirkup, G., Janes, L., Woodward, K. and Hovenden, F. eds. 2000. The gendered cyborg : a reader ISBN: 0415220912 (pbk); 0415220904. London: Routledge.

Kuhn, A. (ed) 1990. Alien zone : cultural theory and contemporary science fiction cinema ISBN: 0860919935 (pbk); 0860912787. London: Verso. Especially Ch. 11 ‘Alien and the monstrous-feminine’ and Ch. 18 ‘feminist futures: a generic study’.

Lefanu, S. 1988. In the chinks of the world machine : feminism and science fiction ISBN: 0704340925. London: Women's Press.

Lyons, B. 2007. An Interview with Marge Piercy. Contemporary literature. ISSN: 0010-7484. 48(3), pp.327-344.

Martinson, A.M. 2003. Ecofeminist perspectives on technology in the science fiction of Marge Piercy. Extrapolation. ISSN: 0014-5483. 44(1), pp.50-68.

McBean, S. 2014. Feminism and futurity: revisiting Marge Piercy's Woman on the Edge of Time. Feminist review. ISSN: 0141-7789. 107(107), pp.37-56.

Mead, R. 2017. Margaret Atwood, the prophet of dystopia. The New Yorker. ISSN: 0028-792X. Online:

Melzer, P. 2006. Alien constructions : science fiction and feminist thought ISBN: 9780292713079 paperback £15.99; 9780292713062 hardback £45.00; 0292713061 hardback £45.00; 029271307X paperback £15.99. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Moylan, T. and Baccolini, R. eds. 2003. Dark horizons : science fiction and the dystopian imagination ISBN: 9780415966146 (pbk.); 0415966140 (pbk.); 0415966132 (hbk.). London: Routledge. Especially Ch. 2 ‘gender blending and the critical dystopia’ and Ch. 11 ‘concrete dystopia: slavery and its others’.

Nanda, A. 2013. Power, politics, and domestic desire in Octavia Butler's Lilith's Brood. Callaloo. ISSN: 0161-2492: a journal of African-American and African arts and letters. 36(3), p773.

Osherow, M. 2000. The dawn of a new Lilith: revisionary mythmaking in women's science fiction. NWSA journal : a publication of the National Women's Studies Association. ISSN: 1040-0656. 12(1), pp.68-83.

Potts, A. 2002. The science/fiction of sex : feminist deconstruction and the vocabularies of heterosex. London and New York: Routledge.

Stickgold-Sarah, J. 2010. "Your children will know us, you never will": the pessimistic utopia of Octavia Butler's Xenogenesis Trilogy. Extrapolation. ISSN: 0014-5483. 51(3), pp.414-430.

Trainor, K. 2005. 'What her soul could imagine': envisioning human flourishing in Marge Piercy's Woman on the Edge of Time. Contemporary justice review ISSN: 1028-2580. 8(1), p25.

Vint, S. 2007. Bodies of tomorrow : technology, subjectivity, science fiction ISBN: 9780802090522 (acid-free paper); 0802090524 (acid-free paper). Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Especially Ch. 2 ‘Octavia Butler: Be(com)ing human’.

Weber, J. 2005. Helpless machines and true loving care givers: a feminist critique of recent trends in human-robot interaction. Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society. 3(4), pp.209-218. - Available online:

Wolmark, J. 1994. Aliens and others : science fiction, feminism and postmodernism ISBN: 0745014437 (pbk); 0745010938. University of Iowa press.

Womack, Y. 2013. Afrofuturism : the world of black sci-fi and fantasy culture ISBN: 9781613747964 (trade paper); 1613747969 (trade paper). First ed. Chicago: Chicago Review Press.



This list was last updated on 07/03/2019