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SPPO3710
Module Reading List

Nationalism and National Identity in Spain, 1833 to the Present, 2019/20, Semester 1, 2
Dr Angel Smith
a.k.a.smith@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

SPPO3710 Module Reading List

The Crisis of the Spanish Nation? Nationalisms and National Identities in Spain, 1868 - 1978, 2017/18

Angel Smith A.K.A.Smith@leeds.ac.uk Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

On this page:

  1. Most Useful Background Studies
  2. Nationalism and National Identity in the Modern World.
  3. Some Key Introductory Texts
  4. General Studies: Spain, Catalonia, the Basque Country and the Caribbean.
  5. Spanish Nationalism, 1808-1923
  6. Spanish Nationalism and Regionalism
  7. The Cuban Independence Movement
  8. Catalan Regionalism and Nationalism, 1880-1939
  9. Basque Nationalism, 1890-1939
  10. Galician Regionalism and Nationalism
  11. Regionalism and Nationalism in Valencia.
  12. Other Nationalist and Regionalist Movements
  13. Spanish Nationalism and the Spanish Right, 1923-1936
  14. The National Question during the Spanish Second Republic.
  15. Spanish Nationalism under the Franco Regime
  16. Nationalist Opposition: From Franco to the Transition
  17. Forging ‘The State of the Autonomies’
  18. The National Question in Spain: 1980s to the Present
  1. Most Useful Background Studies

Carr, Raymond, Spain 1808-1975 (Oxford, 1981). (see especially the sections on nationalism and national identity)

Shubert, Adrian, A Social History of Modern Spain (London, 1990), especially, pp. 168-90.   

Preston, Paul (ed), Revolution and War in Spain, 1931-1939 (London, 1984), Chapters by Jones and Fusi.

Vincent, Mary, Spain 1833-2002 : people and state (Oxford, 2007), especially pp. 45-58.

  1. Nationalism and National Identity in the Modern World.

Introductory texts

Peter Alter, Nationalism, 2nd edn., (London, 1994).

Anthony D. Smith, National Identity (Penguin, 1991).

Additional works

Anderson, Benedict, Imagined Communities. Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, Second Edition (London/New York, 1991), esp chapter 1.

Beramendi, Justo G. and Máiz, Ramón and Núñez, Xosé M. (eds), Nationalism in Europe. Past and Present, 2 vols (Santiago de Compostela, 1994).

Connor, Walker, ‘When is a Nation? (‘From Tribe to Nation’), in Walker Connor, Ethnonationalism : the quest for understanding (Princeton, 1994), pp. 210-26.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Hobsbawm, E. J., Nations and Nationalism since 1780, Second Edition (Cambridge, 1992).

Hobsbawm, E.J. and Ranger, T., The Invention of Tradition (Cambridge University, 1977), especially chapter 1.

Llobera, Josep, The god of modernity : the development of nationalism in Western Europe (Oxford, 1994).

  1. Some Key Introductory Texts

Granja, José Luis de la, et. al. La España de los nacionalismos y las autonomías (Madrid, 2001).

Heiberg, Marianne, The making of the Basque nation (Cambridge, 1979).

Mar-Molinero, Clare and Angel Smith (eds), Nationalism and the Nation in the Iberian Peninsula. Competing and Conflicting Identities (Oxford, 1996).

Watson, Cameron, Modern Basque history : eighteenth century to the present (Reno: University of Nevada Press, 2003).

  1. General Studies: Spain, Catalonia, the Basque Country and the Caribbean.

Anguera, Pere, Justo Beramendi and José Luis de la Granja, La España de los nacionalismos y las autonomías (Madrid, 2001).

Balfour, Sebastian, The end of the Spanish empire, 1898-1923 (Oxford, 1997).

Beramendi, Justo G., and R. Máiz (eds.), Los Nacionalismos en la España de la II República (Madrid, 1981).

Espadas Burgos, Manuel, ‘Del regionalismo al nacionalismo: los movimientos nacionalistas en Cataluña y el País Vasco’, in Historia de España fundada por Ramón Menéndez Pidal, vol.36., La época de la Restauración (1875-1902) (Madrid, 2000).

Fusi, Juan Pablo, ‘Centre and periphery 1900-1936: national integration and regional nationalism reconsidered’, in P Preston and F. Lannon (eds.), Elites and Power in Twentieth Century Spain (Oxford, 1989).

García Rovira, Anna Maria (ed), España, nación de naciones? (Madrid, 1999).

Guereña, Juan-Louis, and Manuel Morales Muñoz (eds), Los nacionalismos en la España contemporánea (Málaga, 2006).

Herr, R. and J. H. R. Holt (eds.), Iberian identity : essays on the nature of identity in Portugal and Spain (Berkeley, 1989).

Heiberg, Marianne, The making of the Basque nation (Cambridge, 1979).

Jacobson, Stephen, ‘Spain: the Iberian Mosaic’, in Mark Hewitson and Timothy Baycroft (eds), What is a nation? : Europe 1789-1914 (Oxford, 2006), pp. 210-27.

Linz, Juan José, ‘Early state building and late peripheral nationalism against the state: the case of Spain’, in S. Eisenstadt and S. Rokkan (eds.), Building states and nations (London and Beverley Hills, 1973).

Linz, Juan José, ‘From primordialism to nationalism’, in E.A. Tiryakian and R, Rogowski (eds.), New nationalisms of the developed West : toward explanation (Boston, 1985).

López Facal, Ramon, et. al. (eds), De la idea a la identidad : estudios sobre nacionalismos y procesos de nacionalización : estudios en homenaje a Justo Beramendi (Granada: Comares, 2012).

Marfany, Joan-Lluis, 'Catalonia and Spain', in Isabel Burdiel and James Casey (eds), Identities : nations, provinces and regions, 1550-1900 : proceedings of the III Anglo-Spanish Historical Studies Seminar held at the University of East Anglia, 25-26 October 1996 ISBN: 0953606805 (Norwich, 1999), pp. 121-132.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Mar-Molinero, Clare and Angel Smith (eds), Nationalism and the Nation in the Iberian Peninsula: Competing and Conflicting (Oxford, 1996), esp. Chs 1, 4, 5, 6, 10.

Moreno, Luis, The federalization of Spain (London, 2001).

Olábarri, I., ‘La cuestión regional en España, 1808-1939’, in Juan Pablo Fusi (ed), La España de las autonomías ISBN: 8423962741; 9788423962747, vol. 1 (Madrid, 1981).   

Payne, Stanley, ‘Catalan and Basque nationalism’, Journal of contemporary history., vol. 6, no. 1 (1971).

Payne, Stanley, ‘Nationalism, regionalism and micro-nationalism in Spain’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, vol. 26 (1991).

Smith, Angel, ‘Nationalisms against the Spanish State: Cuba, Catalonia and the Basque Country’, in Paul Garner and Angel Smith, Nationalism and transnationalism in Spain and Latin America, 1808--1923 ISBN: 9781783169726 (electronic bk.); 1783169729 (electronic bk.); 9781783169719 (hardback); 1783169710 (hardback); 9781783169733 (electronic book); 1783169737 (electronic book) (Cardiff: Wales University Press, 2017), pp. 117-153.   

Smith, Angel, and Clare Mar-Molinero, 'The myths and realities of nation building in the Iberian Peninsula' in Calre Mar-Molinero and Angel Smith (eds.), Nationalism and the Nation in the Iberian Peninsula (Oxford, 1996), pp. 1-18.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Smith, Angel and Emma Dávila-Cox, The crisis of 1898 : colonial redistribution and nationalist mobilization (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1999).

  1. Spanish Nationalism, 1808-1923

Alvarez Junco, José, ‘The Nation-Building Process in Nineteenth-Century Spain’, in Clare Mar-Molinero and Angel Smith (eds), Nationalism and the nation in the Iberian Peninsula : competing and conflicting identities (Oxford, 1996), pp. 89-106.  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 07/08/2018) 

Alvarez Junco, José, Alvarez Junco, José, Spanish identity in the age of nations (Manchester, 2011).

Alvarez Junco, José, Mater Dolorosa : la idea de España en el siglo XIX (Madrid, 2001).

Alvarez Junco, José, ‘La nación en duda’, in J. Paul Montojo (ed), Más se perdió en Cuba : España, 1898 y la crisis de fin de siglo (Madrid, 1999).

Archilés, Ferran and Manuel Martí, ‘Un país tan extraño como cualquier otro: la construcción de la identidad nacional española contemporánea’, in M. Cruz Romeo and Ismael Saz (eds), El siglo XX : historiografía e historia (Valencia, 2002).  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Balfour, Sebastian, ‘The loss of empire, regenerationism, and the forging of the myth of national identity’, in Helen Graham and Jo Labanyi (eds), Spanish Cultural Studies (Oxford, 1995).  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Balfour, Sebastian, ‘‘The Lion and the Pig’: Nationalism and National Identity in Fin-de-Siècle Spain’, in Mar Molinero, Clare and Angel Smith (eds), Nationalism and the Nation in the Iberian Peninsula. Competing and Conflicting Identities (Berg, 1996). OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (MAA 23/07/2018) 

Beramendi. Justo, and Sabela Taboada, ‘Guerras y nacionalización en la España del siglo XIX’, in Dolores de la Calle Velasco (ed), Procesos de nacionalización en la España contemporánea (Salamanca, 2010), pp. 213-34.

Boyd, Carolyn P., Historia patria : politics, history, and national identity in Spain, 1875-1975 (Princeton, 1997).

Díaz-Andreu, Margarita, ‘Nationalism and Archaeology. Spanish Archaeology in the Europe of Nationalities’, in P.L. Kohl and C. Fawcett (eds), Nationalism, politics and the practice of archaeology (Cambridge, 1995), pp.39-56.

Elorza, Antonio, ‘El 98 y la crisis del estado nación’, in Octavio Ruiz Manjón and Alicia Largo (eds), Los significados del 98 : la sociedad española en la génesis del siglo XX (Madrid, 1999).

Forcadell, Carlos (ed), Nacionalismo e historia (Zaragoza, 1998).

Forcadell, Carlos, and María Cruz Romero (eds), Provincia y nación : los territorios del liberalismo (Zaragoza, 2006).

Inman Fox, E., ‘Spain as Castile: Nationalism and national identity’, in David T. Gies (ed), The Cambridge Companion to Modern Spanish Culture (Cambridge, 1999).

Jover Zamora, José María, ‘Caracteres del nacionalismo español. 1854-74’, Zona Abierta, no. 31, (1984). OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (MAA 23/07/2018) 

López Cordón-Cortejo, Mª Victoria, ‘La mentalidad conservadora durante la Restauración’, in J.L. García Delgado, La España de la Restauración : política, economía, legislación y cultura : edición al cuidado de José Luis García Delgado ; I Coloquio de Segovia sobre Historia Contemporánea de España, dirigido por Manuel Tuñón de Lara ; M. Artola... [et al.]. (Madrid, 1985), pp.75-109.

López Facal, Ramon, and Miguel Cabo Villaverde, ‘Enseñanza y nacionalización de la población española, 1850-1923’, in López Facal, Ramon, et. al. (eds), De la idea a la identidad : estudios sobre nacionalismos y procesos de nacionalización : estudios en homenaje a Justo Beramendi (Granada, 2012), pp. 111-128.

Mar Pozo, María Mar, and J.F.A. Braster, ‘The Re-Birth of the Spanish Race: State, Nationalism and Education in Spain, 1875-1931’, European history quarterly., vol.29, no.1, 1999.

Payne, Stanley (ed), Identidad y nacionalismo en la España contemporánea : el Carlismo, 1833-1975 : jornadas (Madrid, 1996).

Pérez Garzón, Juan Sisinio, ‘La creación de la historia de España’, in Juan Sisinio Pérez Garzón, et. al., La gestión de la memoria : la historia de España al servicio del poder (Barcelona, 2007), pp. 63-110.

Riquer, Borja de (1994), ‘La debil nacionalización española del siglo XIX’, Historia social., no.20, pp.97-114.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Riquer, Borja de, ‘Tradición liberal, nacionalismo y organización del estado’, in Octavio Ruiz Manjón and Alicia Largo (eds), Los significados del 98 : la sociedad española en la génesis del siglo XX (Madrid, 1999).

Sánchez Illán, J.C., La nación inacabada : los intelectuales y el proceso de construcción nacional (1900-1914) (Madrid, 2002).

Shubert, Adrian, A Social History of Modern Spain (London, 1990), pp. 168-90.

Smith, Angel, ‘The People and the Nation: Nationalist mobilization and the crisis of the 1895-98 in Spain’ in Smith, Angel and Emma Dávila Cox, The crisis of 1898 : colonial redistribution and nationalist mobilization (Basingstoke, 1999).

Smith, Angel, ‘Nationalisms against the Spanish State: Cuba, Catalonia and the Basque Country’, in Paul Garner and Angel Smith, Nationalism and transnationalism in Spain and Latin America, 1808--1923 ISBN: 9781783169726 (electronic bk.); 1783169729 (electronic bk.); 9781783169719 (hardback); 1783169710 (hardback); 9781783169733 (electronic book); 1783169737 (electronic book) (Cardiff: Wales University Press, 2017), pp. 117-153.

Storm, Eric, ‘El tercer centenario de Don Quijote en 1905 y el nacionalismo español’, Hispania., LV111/2, pp.625-54.

Vincent, Mary, Spain 1833-2002 : people and state ISBN: 0198731590 (pbk.) : £16.99; 9780198731597 (pbk.) : £16.99 (Oxford, 2007), pp. 45-58.   

  1. Spanish Nationalism and Regionalism

Aparicio, Fernando Molina, ‘España no era tan diferente. Regionalismo e identidad nacional en el Pais Vasco (1868-1892)’, Ayer., no. 64 (2006), pp. 179-200.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Archilés, Ferran, ‘“Hacer nación es hacer patria”. La región en el imaginario de la nación española de la Restauración’, Ayer., no. 64 (2006), pp. 121-47.

Archilés, Ferran, ‘La novela y la nación en la literatura española en la Restauración: región y provincia en el imaginario nacional’, in Carlos Forcadell and María Cruz Romero (eds), Provincia y nación : los territorios del liberalismo (Zaragoza, 20016, pp. 161-90.

Fradera, Josep M., ‘El proyecto liberal catalán y los imperatives del doble patriotismo’, in Anna Maria Garcia Rovira (ed), España, nación de naciones? (Madrid, 1999).

Marfany, Joan-Lluís, ‘“Minority” languages and language revivals’, in Past & present., no.184 (2004), pp.137-168.

Morales Muñoz, Manuel, ‘Nacionalismos “no históricos” y regionalismos en la España de la Restauración, 1874-1931’, in Juan-Louis Guereña y Manuel Morales Muñoz (eds), Los nacionalismos en la España contemporánea (Málaga, 2006), pp. 163-84.

Núñez Seixas, Xosé M., ‘Region building in Spain during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries’, in G. Brunn, (ed), Region und Regionsbildung in Europa : Konzeptionen der Forschung und empirische Befunde, wissenschaftliche Konferenz, Siegen, 10.-11. Oktober 1995 (Baden-Baden, 1996).

Núñez Seixas, Xosé M., ‘The Region as Essence of the Fatherland. Regional Variants of Spanish Nationalism (1840-1936)’, European history quarterly., no. 31, 4 (2001), pp. 483-518.   

Rubio Pobes, Cobo, and Santiago de Pablo (eds), Los liberales : fuerismo y liberalismo en el País Vasco (1808-1876) (Vitoria, 2002).

Rubio Pobes, Cobo, ‘El País Vasco y el Estado liberal: unidad constitucional y encaje identitario’, in S. Calatalud, J. Millán, M.C. Romeo (eds), Estado y periferias en la España del siglo XIX : nuevos enfoques (València: Universitat de València, 2009), pp. 399-438.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Smith, Angel, ‘Regionalismo y nacionalismo en los relatos historicistas de la Renaixença catalana’, in Pere Gabriel, et. al (eds), "España Res publica" : nacionalización española e identidades en conflicto (siglos XIX y XX) (Comares: Granada, 2013), pp. 101-112.

Smith, Angel, The origins of Catalan nationalism, 1770-1898 (Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2014), chs 1-4.

  1. The Cuban Independence Movement

Abel, Christopher, and Nissa Torrents (eds), José Martí : revolutionary democrat (London, 1986). (especially the chapter by Christopher Abel)

Benjamin, Jules Robert, The United States and the origins of the Cuban Revolution : an empire of liberty in an age of national liberation (Princeton, 1983).

Bernecker, Walter L., 1898 : su significado para Centroamérica y el Caribe : cesura, cambio, continuidad? (Madrid, 1998).

Bizcarrondo, Marta and Antonio Elorza , Cuba/España : el dilema autonomista, 1878-1898 (Madrid, 2001).

Díaz Quiñones, Arcadio, ‘The Hispanic Cabibbean National Discourse: Antonio Pedreira and Ramiro Guerra’, in A. Hennessy (ed.), Intellectuals in the Twentieth Century Caribbean, vol. 3 (London, 1992).

Estrade, Paul, José Martí : los fundamentos de la democracia en Latinoamérica (Madrid, 2000).

Ferrer, Ada, Insurgent Cuba : race, nation, and revolution, 1868-1898 (Chapel Hill, 1999).

Foner, Philip S., Antonio Maceo : the 'Bronze Titan' of Cuba's struggle for independence (New York, 1977).

Hennessy, Alistair, ‘The origins of the Cuban revolt’, in Smith, Angel and Emma Dávila Cox, The crisis of 1898 : colonial redistribution and nationalist mobilization (Basingstoke, 1999).  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Martí, José, Obras Completas, 10 vols (La Habana, 1963-66).

Mestas, Juan E, José Martí : su concepto de la clase obrera (Madrid, 1988).

Moreno Fraginals, Manuel, Cuba/España, España/Cuba : historia común (Barcelona, 1996).

Opatrny, Josef, Historical pre-conditions of the origin of the Cuban nation (Lewiston, New York, 1994).

Pérez, Louis A., Cuba between empires, 1878-1902 (Pittsburg, 1983).

Pérez, Louis A., Cuba Between Reform and Revolution (Oxford, 1988)

Pérez, Louis, A., The war of 1898 : the United States and Cuba in history and historiography (Chapell Hill, 1998).

Sartorius, David, Ever faithful : race, loyalty, and the ends of empire in Spanish Cuba, (Durham, 2013)

Smith, Angel, ‘Nationalisms against the Spanish State: Cuba, Catalonia and the Basque Country’, in Paul Garner and Angel Smith, Nationalism and transnationalism in Spain and Latin America, 1808--1923 ISBN: 9781783169726 (electronic bk.); 1783169729 (electronic bk.); 9781783169719 (hardback); 1783169710 (hardback); 9781783169733 (electronic book); 1783169737 (electronic book) (Cardiff: Wales University Press, 2017), pp. 117-153

Thomas, Hugh, Cuba or the Pursuit of Freedom (London, 1971).

Tone, John Lawrence, War and genocide in Cuba, 1895-1898 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006).

Turton, Peter, José Martí : architect of Cuba's freedom (London, 1986).

  1. Catalan Regionalism and Nationalism, 1880-1939

Anguera, Pere, et al., El catalanisme conservador (Girona, 1996).

Anguera, Pere, et. al., El catalanisme d'esquerres ISBN: 8492016132 (Girona, 1997).       

Balcells, Albert, Catalan Nationalism: Past and Present (Basingstoke, 1996).

Cacho Viu, Vicente, ‘Proyecto de España en el nacionalismo catalán’, Revista de occidente., no. 97 (1989).

Conversi, Daniel, ‘Language or race? The choice of core values in the development of Catalan and Basque nationalisms’, Ethnic and racial studies., no. 13 (1990).

Conversi, Daniele, The Basques, the Catalans and Spain : alternative routes to nationalist mobilisation (London, 1997).

Díez Medrano, Juan, ‘Patterns of Development and Nationalism: Basque and Catalan Nationalism before the Civil War’, Theory and society., vol.23, no.4 (1994), pp.541-69.

Díez Medrano, Juan, Divided nations : class, politics, and nationalism in the Basque Country and Catalonia (Ithaca, 1995).

Fradera, Josep M., ‘El proyecto liberal catalán y los imperatives del doble patriotismo’, in Anna Maria Garcia Rovira (ed), España, nación de naciones? (Madrid, 1999).

Harrison, Joseph, ‘The Catalan industrial elite, 1898-1923’, in P.Preston and F. Lannon (eds), Elites and Power in Twentieth Century Spain (Oxford, 1989).

Harrison, Joseph, ‘Big business and the failure of Catalan right-wing nationalism’, The historical journal., vol. 19 (1976), pp.901-18.

Harrison, Joseph, ‘La Espanya Catalana: Catalanist plans to transform Spain into a modern Catalanist economy. 1898-1923’, Journal of Iberian and Latin American studies., vol.7, no.2. (2001), pp.144-54.

Jacobson, Stephen, ‘Law and Nationalism in Nineteenth-Century Europe: The Case of Catalonia in Comparative Perspective’, Law and history review., vol. 20, no. 2 (2000), pp. 307-347.

Jones, Norman, ‘Regionalism and Revolution in Catalonia’ in Paul Preston (ed), Revolution and War in Spain, 1931-1939 (London, 1984).   

Cattini, G.C., ‘Myths and Symbols in the Political Culture of Catalan Nationalism (1880-1914)’, Nations and nationalism. ISSN: 1354-5078, vol. 21, no. 3 (2105), pp. 445-60.

Llobera, J.M., ‘The idea of Volksgeist in the formation of Catalan nationalist ideology’, Ethnic and racial studies., vol. 6, no. 3 (1983).  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Marfany, Joan-Lluís, La cultura del catalanisme : el nacionalisme català en els seus inicis, (Barcelona, 1995).

Marfany, Joan-Lluís, ‘Catalonia and Spain’, in Isabel Burdiel and James Casey (eds), Identities : nations, provinces and regions, 1550-1900 : proceedings of the III Anglo-Spanish Historical Studies Seminar held at the University of East Anglia, 25-26 October 1996 (Norwich, 1999), pp. 121-132.

Nuñez Seixes, Xosé M., ‘Catalonia and the “War of Nations”: Catalan Nationalism and the First World War’, Journal of modern European history. ISSN: 1611-8944y, vol. 16, no. 3 (2018), pp. 379-397.  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (MAA 23/07/2018) 

Riquer, Borja de, 'La crisis del '98 y la irrupcion del catalanismo en la politica espanola', in Escolta, Espanya : la cuestión catalana en la época liberal (Madrid, 2001), pp. 185-203.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Smith, Angel, ‘The Basques, the Catalans and Modern Spanish History’, Journal of Iberian and Latin American studies., vol. 4, no. 2. (1998), pp.183-87.

Smith, Angel, The origins of Catalan nationalism, 1770-1898 (Basingstoke, 2014)), esp. chs. 6-7.

Angel Smith, ‘Cataluña y la Gran Guerra; de la reforma democrática al conflicto social’, Hispania Nova, Segunda Época, no. 15 (2017), pp. 472-499. Available online

Smith, Angel, ‘Nationalisms against the Spanish State: Cuba, Catalonia and the Basque Country’, in Paul Garner and Angel Smith, Nationalism and transnationalism in Spain and Latin America, 1808--1923 ISBN: 9781783169726 (electronic bk.); 1783169729 (electronic bk.); 9781783169719 (hardback); 1783169710 (hardback); 9781783169733 (electronic book); 1783169737 (electronic book) (Cardiff: Wales University Press, 2017), pp. 117-153

  1. Basque Nationalism, 1890-1939

Ben-Ami, Shlomo, ‘Basque nationalism between tradition and modernity’, Journal of contemporary history., 26 (1991).

Castells, Luis, ‘El nacionalismo vasco (1890-1923): ¿una ideología modernizadora? ’, Ayer., no. 28 (1997), pp. 127-62.

Corcuera Atienza, Javier, La patria de los vascos : orígenes, ideología y organización del nacionalismo vasco, 1876-1903 (Madrid, 2001).

Corcuera Atienza, Javier, The origins, ideology, and organization of Basque nationalism, 1876-1903 (Reno, 2007).

Conversi, Daniel, ‘Language or race? The choice of core values in the development of Catalan and Basque nationalisms’, Ethnic and racial studies., 13 (1990).

Conversi, Daniele, The Basques, the Catalans and Spain: alternative routes to nationalist mobilisation (London, 1997).

Díez Medrano, Juan, ‘Patterns of Development and Nationalism: Basque and Catalan Nationalism before the Civil War’, Theory and society., vol.23, no.4 (1994), pp.541-69.   

Díez Medrano, Juan, Divided nations : class, politics, and nationalism in the Basque Country and Catalonia (Ithaca, 1995).

Douglass, W.A. (ed), Basque politics: a case study in ethnic nationalism (Reno, 1985).

Elorza, Antonio, La religión política: "El nacionalismo sabiniano" y otros ensayos sobre nacionalismo e integrismo (San Sebastian, 1995).

Elorza, Antonio, Un pueblo escogido: génesis, definición y desarrollo del nacionalismo vasco (Barcelona, 2001).

Fusi, Juan Pablo, El País Vasco: pluralismo y nacionalidad (Madrid, Alianza, 1984).

Fusi, Juan Pablo, ‘The Basque Question, 1931-7’, in Paul Preston (ed), Revolution and War in Spain, 1931-1939 (London, 1994).   

Fusi, Juan Pablo, El País Vasco (Madrid, 2000).

García de Cortázar, F. and Azcona, J. M., El nacionalismo vasco (Madrid, 1991).

Granja Sainz, José Luis de la, ‘La invención de la historia. Nación, mitos e historia en el pensamiento del fundador del nacionalismo vasco’, in Beramendi, Justo G., Máiz, Ramón and Núñez, Xosé M. (eds), Nationalism in Europe. Past and Present, vol.2, (Santiago de Compostela, 1994), pp. 97-139.

Granja Sainz, José Luis de la, El nacionalismo vasco: un siglo de historia (Madrid, 1995).

Granja Sainz, José Luis de la, El nacionalismo vasco, 1876-1975 (Madrid, 2001).

Granja Sainz, José Luis de la, and Pablo, S de, Historia del País Vasco y Navarra en el Siglo XX (Madrid, 2002).

Granja Sainz, José Luis de la, ‘The Basque National Community during the II Spanish Republic’, in Douglass, W.A. (ed), Basque politics: a case study in ethnic nationalism (Reno, 1985).  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (MAA 23/07/2018) 

Granja Sainz, the relevant sections of José Luis de la Granja et al, La España de los nacionalismos y las autonomías (Madrid, 2001).

Granja Sainz, José Luis de la, ‘Sabino Arana: de creador de símbolos de la nación vasca a símbolo del nacionalismo’, in López Facal, Ramon, et. al. (eds.), De la idea a la identidad : estudios sobre nacionalismos y procesos de nacionalización : estudios en homenaje a Justo Beramendi (Granada, 2012), pp. 15-28.

Harrison, Joseph, ‘Big business and the rise of Basque nationalism’, European studies review., vol. 7, no. 4 (1977).

Heiberg, Marianne, The making of the Basque nation (Cambridge, 1989), Part One.

Juaristi, Jon, El bucle melancólico : historias de nacionalistas vascos (Madrid, 1997).

Juaristi, Jon, Sacra Némesis : nuevas historias de nacionalistas vascos (Madrid, 1999).

Lannon, Frances, ‘A Basque challenge to the pre-Civil War Spanish Church’, European studies review., vol. 9, no. 1 (1979).

Mees, Ludgar, and Santiago de Pablo, ‘Historia social del nacionalismo vasco (1876-1937: Teoría y práctica de un movimiento social clasista’, in Nationalism in Europe Past and Present, vol. II (Santiago de Compostela, 1994), pp. Pp. 247-74.

Mees, Ludger, Santiago de Pablo and José Antonio Rodríguez Sanz, El péndulo patriótico : historia del Partido Nacionalista Vasco, 1895-2005 (Barcelona, 2005), chs1-3.

Pablo, Santiago de (ed), Los nacionalistas : historia del nacionalismo vasco, 1876-1960. (Vitoria, 1995).

Payne, Stanley, Basque nationalism (Reno, 1975).

Perez-Agote, Alfonso, The social roots of Basque nationalism (Reno, 2006).

Smith, Angel, ‘Nationalisms against the Spanish State: Cuba, Catalonia and the Basque Country’, in Paul Garner and Angel Smith, Nationalism and transnationalism in Spain and Latin America, 1808--1923 ISBN: 9781783169726 (electronic bk.); 1783169729 (electronic bk.); 9781783169719 (hardback); 1783169710 (hardback); 9781783169733 (electronic book); 1783169737 (electronic book) (Cardiff: Wales University Press, 2017), pp. 117-153

Smith, Angel, ‘The Basques, the Catalans and Modern Spanish History’, Journal of Iberian and Latin American studies., vol.4, no.2. (1998), pp.183-87.

Sullivan, John, ETA and Basque nationalism : the flight from Euskadi, 1890-1986 (London, 1988), ch.1.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

  1. Galician Regionalism and Nationalism

Beramendi, Justo G., ‘El Partido Galeguista y poco más. Organización e ideología del nacionalismo gallego en la España de la Segunda Republica’, in Beramendi, Justo and Máiz, Ramon (eds), Los Nacionalismos en la España de la II República (Madrid, 1991), pp. 127-170.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Beramendi, Justo G, El nacionalismo gallego ISBN: 9788476352724 (pbk.); 8476352727 (pbk.) (Madrid: Arco, 1997)

Beramendi, Justo G., ‘Nacionalismo y cultura en Galicia’, in Manuel Suárez Cortina (ed), La cultura española en la Restauración (I Encuentro de Historia de la Restauración) (Santander, 1999).

Beramendi, Justo G., ‘El nacionalismo gallego hasta 1936’ in Juan-Louis Guereña y Manuel Morales Múñoz (eds), Los nacionalismos en la España contemporánea (Málaga, 2006), pp. 137-62.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Beramendi, Justo G., ‘Algunos aspectos del nation-building español en la Galicia del siglo XIX’, in Javier Moreno Luzón (ed), Construir España : nacionalismo español y procesos de nacionalización (Madrid, 2007).

Beramendi, Justo G., and X. M. Núñez Seixas, O nacionalismo galego (Santiago de Compostela, 1996).

Granja, José Luis de la, et. al, La España de los nacionalismos y las autonomías (Madrid: Síntesis, 2001). The relevant sections.

Máiz, Ramón, ‘Raza y mito celta en los orígines del nacionalismo gallego’, in Reis : Revista española de Investigaciones sociológicas., no.25, (1984) pp.136-80.

Máiz, Ramon, ‘Aproximación a la trayectoria político-ideológico del nacionalismo gallego’, Revista internacional de sociología., vol. XL, (1982), pp.513-48

Máiz, Ramon, ‘The Open Ended Construction of a Nation: The Galician Case in Spain, in Beramendi, Justo G., Máiz, Ramón and Núñez, Xosé M. (eds), Nationalism in Europe. Past and Present, vol. II, (Santiago de Compostela, 1994), pp.173-208  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

  1. Regionalism and Nationalism in Valencia.

Archilés, Ferran and Manuel Martí, ‘Ethnicity, region and nation: Valencian identity and the Spanish nation state’, Ethnic and racial studies., vol. 24, no. 5, September 2001.   

Casey, James, ‘The Valencians and Spain. A Search for Identity’, in Isabel Burdiel and James Casey (eds), Identities : nations, provinces and regions, 1550-1900 : proceedings of the III Anglo-Spanish Historical Studies Seminar held at the University of East Anglia, 25-26 October 1996 (Norwich, 1999).

Martí, Manuel and Ferran Archilés, ‘La construcción de la nación española durante el siglo XIX: logros y límites de la asimilación en el caso Valenciano’, in Anna Maria Garcia Rovira (ed), España, nación de naciones? (Madrid, 1999).

Martí, Manuel, ‘Liberalism, democracy, nation state: a Valencian perspective (1875-1914)’, Bulletin of Hispanic studies. (Glasgow), LXXV-5 (1998)

Martí, Manuel, and Ferran Archilés, ‘Liberalismo y democracia, estado y nación: una perspectiva Valenciana’, in Preston, Paul and Ismael Saz (eds), De la revolución liberal a la democracia parlamentaria : Valencia (1808-1975) (Valencia, 2001).  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Ruiz Torres, Pedro, 'Nacionalismo y ciencia histórica en la representación del pasado Valenciano’, in Preston, Paul and Ismael Saz (eds), De la revolución liberal a la democracia parlamentaria : Valencia (1808-1975) (Valencia, 2001).

  1. Other Nationalist and Regionalist Movements

García Pérez, Juan, Entre la frustración y la esperanza : una historia del movimiento regionalista en Extremadura (1830-1983) (Mérida, 1983).

Hijano del Río, M., and M. Ruiz Romero, El ideal andaluz en la Segunda República : la Asamblea Regional Andaluza de 1.933 (Valencia, 1992).

Lacomba, Juan Antonio, Regionalismo y autonomía en la Andalucía contemporánea (1835-1936) (Grananda, 1988).

Orduña Rebollero, E., El regionalismo en Castilla y León (Valladolid, 1986).

Peiró, Arroyo, Orígenes del nacionalismo aragonés, 1908-1923 (Zaragoza, 1996).

  1. Spanish Nationalism and the Spanish Right, 1923-1936

Blinkhorn, Martin, ‘Spain: the “Spanish problem” and the imperial myth’, Journal of contemporary history., vol.15, no.1 (1980), pp.5-26.   

Blinkhorn, Martin, ‘Conservatism, traditionalism and fascism in Spain, 1898-1937’, in Martin Blinkhorn (ed), Fascists and conservatives : the radical right and the establishment in twentieth-century Europe (London, 1990), pp.118-137.   

Payne, Stanley, Fascism in Spain, 1923-1977 (Madison, 1999), chs 1-6.

Ben-Ami, Shlomo, Fascism from above : the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera in Spain, 1923-1930 (Oxford, 1983), ch.5.

Preston, Paul, The Politics of Revenge. Fascism and the Military in Twentieth Century Spain (London, 1995), Ch.1.

Lannon, Frances, Privilege, persecution, and prophecy : the Catholic Church in Spain, 1875-1975 (Oxford, 1987), esp. chs. 1-2.

Quiroga, Alejandro, Making Spaniards : Primo de Rivera and the nationalization of the masses, 1923-30 (Basingstoke, 2007).

Quiroga, Alejandro (ed), Right-Wing Spain in the Civil War Era: Soldiers of God and Apostles of the Fatherland, 1914-1945 (London: Continuum, 2012).

  1. The National Question during the Spanish Second Republic.

Berramendi, Xusto and R. Máiz (eds.), Los Nacionalismos en la España de la II República (Madrid, Siglo XXI, 1981).

Blinkhorn, Martin, ‘The Basque Ulster: Navarra and the Basque autonomy question question under the Spanish Second Republic’, The historical journal., 3 (1974).

Fusi, Juan Pablo, ‘The Basque Question, 1931-7’, in Paul Preston (ed), Revolution and War in Spain, 1931-1939 (London, 1994).

Fusi, Juan Pablo, El País Vasco (Madrid, 2000).

Granja Sanz, José Luis de la, Nacionalismo y II República en el Pais Vasco : estatutos de autonomía, partidos y elecciones, historia de Acción Nacionalista Vasca, 1930-1936, (Madrid, 1986).

Granja, José Luis de la, et. al, La España de los nacionalismos y las autonomías (Madrid: Síntesis, 2001), ch.3.

Granja Sainz, José Luis de la, ‘The Basque National Community during the II Spanish Republic’, in Douglass, W.A. (ed), Basque politics : a case study in ethnic nationalism (Reno, 1985).

Holguí, Sandie, Creating Spaniards : culture and national identity in Republican Spain (Madison: University of Wisconsin, 2002).

Jones, Norman, ‘Regionalism and Revolution in Catalonia’ in Paul Preston (ed), Revolution and War in Spain, 1931-1939 (London, 1984).

  1. Spanish Nationalism under the Franco Regime

Grugel, Jean, and Tim Rees, Franco's Spain (London, 1997), pp. 128-156.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Quiroga, Alejandro (ed), Right-Wing Spain in the Civil War Era: Soldiers of God and Apostles of the Fatherland, 1914-1945 (London: Continuum, 2012).

Richards, Michael, Constructing the nationalist state: self sufficiency and regeneration in the early Franco years’, in Clare Mar-Molinero and Angel Smith (eds), Nationalism and the Nation in the Iberian Peninsula (Oxford: Berg, 1996).  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (MAA 23/07/2018) 

Richards, Michael, A time of silence : civil war and the culture of repression in Franco's Spain, 1936-1945 (Cambridge, 1998).

Saz Campos, Ismael, España contra España : los nacionalismos franquistas (Madrid: Marcial Pons, 2003).

Saz Campos, Ismael, Fascismo y franquismo (Valencia: Universitat de Valencia, 2004).

Valls, Rafael, ‘Ideologia franquista y enseñanza de la historia, 1938-1953’, in Josep Fontana (ed), España bajo el franquismo (Barcelona, 2000).

  1. Nationalist Opposition: From Franco to the Transition

Carr, Raymond, and Fusi, Juan Pablo, Spain: Dictatorship to Democracy, 2nd ed. (London, 1981), ch.11.

Clark, Robert P., The Basques : the Franco years and beyond (Reno, 1979).

Clark, Robert P., The Basque insurgents : ETA, 1952-1980 (Madison, 1984).

Clark, Robert P, Negotiating with ETA : obstacles to peace in the Basque country, 1975-1988 (Reno, 1990).

Collins, Roger, The Basques (Oxford, 1986).

Douglass, William A. (ed), Basque politics : a case study in ethnic nationalism (Reno, 1985).

Dowling, Andrew, ‘The reconstitution of political Catalanism, 1939-1975’, in International journal of Iberian studies., vol. 14, no. 1 (2001), pp. 17-25.   

Dowling, Andrew, Catalonia since the Spanish Civil War : reconstructing the nation (Brighton, 2013).

Elorza, Antonio (ed), La Historia de ETA (Madrid, 2000).

Gibernau i Berdun, Maria Montserra, Catalan nationalism : Francoism, transition, and democracy (London, 2004), chs 2 and 3.

Granja, José Luis de la, et. al, La España de los nacionalismos y las autonomías (Madrid: Síntesis, 2001), ch.4.

Johnson, H, Tales of nationalism : Catalonia, 1939-1979 (Newark, NJ, 1991).

Jones, Norman L., ‘The Catalan question since the Civil War’, in Paul Preston (ed), Spain in crisis : the evolution and decline of the Franco régime (Brighton, 1976).  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Letamendia Belzunce, Francisco, Historia del nacionalismo vasco y de E.T.A., 3 vols. (San Sebastian, 1994).

Mees, Ludger, Santiago de Pablo and José Antonio Rodríguez Sanz, El péndulo patriótico : historia del Partido Nacionalista Vasco, 1895-2005 (Barcelona, 2005).

Saz, Ismael, ‘Visiones de patria entre dictadura y democracia’, in Ferrán Archilés, La nación de los españoles : discursos y prácticas del nacionalismo español en la época contemporánea (Valencia, 2012), pp. 261-87.

Sullivan, John, ETA and Basque nationalism : the flight from Euskadi, 1890-1986 (London, 1988).

Watson, Cameron, Basque nationalism and political violence : the ideological and intellectual origins of ETA (Reno: University of Nevada Press, 2007).

Zirakzadeh, Cyrus Ernesto, A rebellious people : Basques, protests, and politics (Reno, 1991).

  1. Forging ‘The State of the Autonomies’.

Ajo, Eliseo, El estado de las autonomías (Madrid, 2003).

Beramendi, et. al. (eds.), Nationalism in Europe. Past and Present, vol. II (Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 1994). Chapters by Andres de Blas, Pedro Ibarra and Klaus-Jurgen Nagel in Justo G. Beramendi.

Brassloff, Audrey, ‘Spain: the state of the autonomies’, in Murray Forsyth (ed), Federalism and nationalism (Leicester, 1989).

Clark, Robert P., ‘The question of regional autonomy in Spain’s democratic transition’, in Robert P. Clark and Michael H. Haltzel (eds), Spain in the 1980s : the democratic transition and a new international role (Cambridge Mass. 1987).  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Clavero Arevalo, M., Espana, desde el centralismo a las autonomías (Barcelona, 1983).

Colomer, Josep M., 'The Spanish State of the Autonomies: Non-Institutional Federalism', West European politics. ISSN: 0140-2382, vol. 21, no. 44 (1999), pp. 40-52.

Díaz López, Cesar, ‘Centre-periphery structures in Spain: from historical conflict to territorial-consociational accommodation? ’ in Yves Meny and Vincent Wright (eds), Centre-periphery relations in Western Europe (London, 1985).

Forsyth (ed), Federalism and nationalism (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1989).

Fusi, Juan Pablo (ed), España. Tomo 5, Autonomías (Madrid, 1989).

Giner, Salvador, ‘Ethnic nationalism, centre and periphery in Spain’, in Christopher Abel and Nissa Torrents (eds), Spain : conditional democracy (London, 1984).  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Granja, José Luis de la, et. al, La España de los nacionalismos y las autonomías (Madrid, 2001), ch.5.

Hennessy, C.A.M., ‘The renaissance of federal ideas in contemporary Spain’, in Murray Forsyth (ed), Federalism and nationalism (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1989)

Hollyman, John Ll, ‘The tortuous road to regional autonomy in Spain’, ACIS ISSN: 1352-7258., vol. 8, no. 1 (1995) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva .  

Hooper, John, The New Spaniards (London, 1995), ch.3.

López Aranguren, Eduardo, and Manuel Garcia Ferrando, ‘Nacionalismo y regionalismo en la España de las Autonomias’, in Vidal-Beneyto, Jose (ed), Espana a Debate. II. La sociedad (Madrid: Technos, 1991).

Mar-Molinero, Clare, ‘Language Policies in Post-Franco Spain: Conflict of Central Goals and Local Objectives? ’ in Romy Clark et. al (eds), Language and power : papers from the Twenty-Second Annual Meeting of the British Association for Applied Linguistics, held at Lancaster University, September 1989 ISBN: 0948003197 (London: Silt, 1990).

Moreno, Luis, The federalization of Spain (London, 2001).

Saz, Ismael, ‘Visiones de patria entre dictadura y democracia’, in Ferrán Archilés (ed), La nación de los españoles : discursos y prácticas del nacionalismo español en la época contemporánea (Valencia, 2012), pp. 261-87.

Ysàs, Pere, ‘Construcción democrática y construcción nacional en Cataluña’, in Ferrán Archilés (ed), La nación de los españoles : discursos y prácticas del nacionalismo español en la época contemporánea (Valencia, 2012), pp. 34-60.

Ysàs, Pere, and Carme Molinero, La cuestión catalana : Cataluña en la transición española ISBN: 9788498927283 (Barcelona, 2014).

  1. The National Question in Spain: 1980s to the Present

Balfour, Sebastian, and Alejandro Quiroga, The Reinvention of Spain (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

Boylan, B.M., 'In Pursuit of Independence: The Political Economy of Catalonia's Succesionist Movement', Nations and nationalism, vol. 21., no. 4 (2015), pp. 761-785.    

Beramendi, P., and R. Máiz. “Spain: Unfulfilled Federalism (1978-1996)”, in Federalism and territorial cleavages ISBN: 0801874084 : No price, eds. U.M. Amoretti and N. Bermeo (Baltimore, 2004).   

Clark, Robert P., Negotiating with ETA : obstacles to peace in the Basque country, 1975-1988 ISBN: 0874171628 (Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1990).

Colino, César, ‘The Spanish Model of Devolution and Regional Governance: Evolution, Motivations and the Effect on Policy Making’, Policy and politics. ISSN: 0305-5736; 1470-8442 36, no. 4 (2008), pp. 573-586.

———, “Constitutional Change without Constitutional Reform: Spanish Federalism and the Revision of Catalonia’s Statute of Autonomy”, Publius: The Journal of Federalism ISSN: 0048-5950 39, no. 2 (2009), pp. 262-288.

———, ‘The State of the Autonomies between the Economic Crisis and Enduring Nationalist Tensions’, in Bonnie N. Field and Alfonso Botti (eds.), Politics and society in contemporary Spain : from Zapatero to Rajoy ISBN: 9781137306616 (hbk.) : £57.50 (Palgrave-Macmillan, 2013), pp. 81-100.   

Colomer, Josep M. “The Spanish ‘State of the Autonomies’: Non-Institutional Federalism”, West European politics. vol. ISSN: 0140-2382 21, no. 4 (1998): 40-52.

Crameri, Kathryn, Goodbye, Spain? : the question of independence for Catalonia ISBN: 9781845196592 (hb : alk. paper) (Brighton, 2013).

Culla, Joan B., El tsunami : com i per què el sistema de partits català ha esdevingut irreconeixible ISBN: 9788498093889 (Barcelona, 2017).

Douglass, William A. Basque politics and nationalism on the eve of the millennium ISBN: 1877802042 (Reno, 1999).

Dowling, Andrew, Catalonia since the Spanish Civil War : reconstructing the nation ISBN: 9781845195304 (h/b : alk. paper) (Brighton, 2013).

Dowling, Andrew, The rise of Catalan independence : Spain's territorial crisis ISBN: 9781138587700; 1138587702 (Abdingdon, New York, 2018).

———. “Accounting for the Turn to Succession in Catalonia”, International journal of Iberian studies. ISSN: 1352-7258 27, nos. 2-3 (2014), 219-234.   

Elorza, Antonio (ed.), La Historia de ETA ISBN: 8484600041 (Madrid, 2000).

Gillespie, R., and C. Gray, (eds.), Contesting Spain? : the dynamics of nationalist movements in Catalonia and the Basque Country ISBN: 9781857438062 (hardcover alkaline paper); 185743806X (hardcover alkaline paper); 9781315684543 (electronic book); 1315684543 (electronic book) (Routledge, 2015).

Gillespie, Richard, 'Between Accommodation and Contestation: The Political Evolution of Basque and Catalan Nationalism', Nationalism & ethnic politics, vol. 21, no. 1 (2015), pp. 3-23.    

Granja, José Luis de la, et. al, La España de los nacionalismos y las autonomías (Madrid, 2001), ch.5.

Grau, M. “A Step Backwards or a Step Forwards? The Politics and Policies of Decentralization under the Governments of the Partido Popular”, South European Society & Politics ISSN: 1360-8746 10, no. 2 (2005), pp. 263-279.

———. “Self government Reforms and Public Support for Spain’s Territorial Model: Change and Stability (1992-2010)”, Revista d’Estudis Autonòmics i Federals 13 (2011): 186-214. Available online

Guibernau, Maria Montserrat. “Nationalism and Intellectuals in Nations without States: The Catalan Case”, Political studies. ISSN: 0032-3217; 1467-9248 48, no. 5 (2000), pp. 989–1005.

———, “Spain, Catalonia and the Basque Country”, Parliamentary affairs. ISSN: 0031-2290 53, no. 1 (2000), pp. 55–68.

———, Catalan nationalism : Francoism, transition, and democracy ISBN: 0415322405 (London, 2004).

Hargreaves, John, Freedom for Catalonia? : Catalan nationalism, Spanish identity, and the Barcelona Olympic Games ISBN: 0521586151 (pb); 0521584264 (Cambridge, 2000).

Keating, M, Nations against the state : the new politics of nationalism in Quebec, Catalonia, and Scotland ISBN: 0333921526 (pbk.) : No price; 0333921518. 2nd ed. (Basingstoke, 2001).

———, “The Minority Nations of Spain and European Integration: A New Framework for Autonomy?” Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies ISSN: 1463-6204; 1469-9818 1 (2000), pp. 29–42.

Keating M., and Z. Bray, "Renegotiating Sovereignty: Basque Nationalism and the Rise and Fall of the Ibarretxe Plan", Ethnopolitics. ISSN: 1744-9057; 1744-9065, vol. 5, no. 4 (2006).

Keating M, and A. Wilson, “Renegotiating the State of the Autonomies: Statute Reform and Multilevel Politics in Spain”, West European politics. ISSN: 0140-2382 32, no. 3 (2009), pp. 534-556.

Kirakzadeh, Cyrus Ernesto. A rebellious people : Basques, protests, and politics ISBN: 0874171733 (Reno, 1991).

Llera, Francisco J., José M. Mata, and Cynthia L Irvin, “ETA: From Secret Army to Social Movement. The Post-Franco Schism of the Basque Nationalist Movement.” Terrorism and political violence. ISSN: 0954-6553 5, no. 2 (1993), pp. 106–43.

Mansvelt Beck, Jan, “Ethnic Minorities and Post-Francoist Territorial Administration in Spain: Changes in the Linguistic Landscape”, History of European ideas. ISSN: 0191-6599 19, nos. 4–6 (July 1994), pp. 637–45.

Mar-Molinero, Clare, “Language Policies in Post-Franco Spain: Conflict of Central Goals and Local Objectives?” In ed. Romey Clark, et al (eds), Language and power : papers from the Twenty-Second Annual Meeting of the British Association for Applied Linguistics, held at Lancaster University, September 1989 (London, 1990).

———. The politics of language in the Spanish-speaking world ISBN: 0415156556 (pbk ; cased) : No price; 0415156548 (London, 2000).

McDonough, Gary W. (ed.), Conflict in Catalonia : images of an urban society ISBN: 0813008212 (pbk) (Gainesville, 1986).

McRoberts, Catalonia : nation building without a state ISBN: 0195414810 (Oxford, 2001).

Mees, Ludger, Nationalism, violence and democracy : the Basque clash of identities : The Basque Clash of Identities (Basingstoke, 2003).

Mees, Ludger, Santiago de Pablo and José Antonio Rodríguez Sanz, El péndulo patriótico : historia del Partido Nacionalista Vasco, 1895-2005 (Barcelona, 2005).

Moreno, L., The federalization of Spain ISBN: 0714681644 (pbk); 0714651389 (London, 2001).

Muro, Diego, “Territorial Accommodation, Party Politics and Statute Reforms in Catalonia”, in Bonnie N. Field (ed.), Spain's 'second transition'? : the socialist government of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero ISBN: 9780415550529 (hbk.); 0415550521 (hbk.); 9780415518659; 0415518652 (London, 2011), pp. 75-90.

Muro, D., and A. Quiroga, “Spanish Nationalism: Ethnic or Civil?” Ethnicities ISSN: 1468-7968 5, no. 1 (2005), pp. 9-29.

Núñez, Xosé Manuel, “What is Spanish Nationalism Today? From Legitimacy Crisis to Unfulfilled Renovation, 1975–2000”, Ethnic and racial studies. ISSN: 0141-9870 24, no. 5 (2001), pp. 828–44.   

Ross, C., “Party-Nation and Region-State. The Reorientation of Basque Nationalist Ideology in the 1980s.” In José Amodia (ed.), The resurgence of nationalist movements in Europe (Bradford, 1993).

Saz, Ismael, ‘Visiones de patria entre dictadura y democracia’, in Ferrán Archilés, La nación de los españoles : discursos y prácticas del nacionalismo español en la época contemporánea (Valencia, 2012), pp. 261-87.

Serrano, I., “Nationalism and Party Competition in the Basque Country and Catalonia.” West European politics. ISSN: 0140-2382, 19, no. 3 (1996): 488–504.

———, “Just a matter of Identity? Support for Independence in Catalonia”, Regional and federal studies. ISSN: 1359-7566; 1743-9434 23, no. 5 (2013), pp. 523-545.

Siguan, M, Multilingual Spain ISBN: 9026513488 (Amsterdam, 1993).

Smith, Angel, “The Catalan Rollercoaster: What have we come from and where are we going?” Oxford Magazine, no. 390 (2017), pp. 11-12.  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (MAA 24/07/2018) 

Squires, J., “Catalonia, Spain and the European Union: A Tale of Regional ‘Empowerment”, International journal of Iberian studies. ISSN: 1352-7258 12 (1999), pp. 34–42.

Urla, Jacqueline, “Ethnic Protest and Social Planning: A Look at the Basque Language Revival”, Cultural anthropology. ISSN: 0886-7356 3, no. 4 (1988), pp 379–94.

Woodsworth, P. Dirty war, clean hands : ETA, the GAL and Spanish democracy ISBN: 0300097506 (Cork, 2001).

———. “The War against Terrorism: The Spanish Experience from ETA to al-Qaeda”, International journal of Iberian studies. ISSN: 1352-7258 12, no. 3 (2004), pp. 169–82.

Woolard, Kathryn A. Double talk : bilingualism and the politics of ethnicity in Catalonia ISBN: 0804715025 (alk. paper). Stanford: Stanford University Press: 1989.

Ysàs, Pere, ‘Construcción democrática y construcción nacional en Cataluña’, in Ferrán Archilés (ed), La nación de los españoles : discursos y prácticas del nacionalismo español en la época contemporánea (Valencia, 2012), pp. 34-60.

This list was last updated on 16/05/2019