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Module Reading List

Missionaries, Abolitionists and Colonial Philanthropists: Evangelical Attitudes to Empire, 1765-1865, 2019/20, Semester 1
Professor Andrea Major
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Required Reading

There is no set text for this module. Digitised copies of key primary and secondary readings can be found in the 'Weekly Resources' folder in the VLE. Good books dealing with aspects of the course that you may wish to buy include:

Seymour Drescher, Abolition: A History of Slavery and Antislavery (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009).

Catherine Hall, Civilising Subjects: Metropole and Colony in the English Imagination, 1830-1867 (Cambridge, UK: Polity, 2002).

Andrew Porter, Religion Versus Empire?: British Protestant Missionaries and Overseas Expansion, 1700-1914, (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2004).

Michael Barnett, Empire of Humanity: A History of Humanitarianism (Cornell University Press, 2011).


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Week 2: India, the West Indies and the British Empire

Peter Marshall, The Cambridge Illustrated History of the British Empire (Cambridge: CUP, 2001), chapter 2.

Philippa Levine, The British Empire: Sunrise to Sunset (Abingdon: Routledge, 2013), chapter 4 

Peter Marshall, The Oxford History of the British Empire: The eighteenth century (Oxford: OUP, 1999), chapter 1 (intro)

Andrew Porter (ed), The Oxford History of the British Empire: The nineteenth century (Oxford: OUP, 1999), chapter 1

Chris Bayly, 'The first age of global imperialism, c. 1760-1830', The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 26:2 (1998), 28-47

Alan Lester, ‘Imperial Circuits and Networks: Geographies of the British Empire’ History Compass, 4:1, 2006, 124-141

R. Ward, 'The British West Indies in the Age of Abolition, 1748-1815' in P. Marshall (ed), The Oxford History of British Empire: The Eighteenth Century, vol. 2, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998).

Gad Heuman, 'The West Indies' in The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume III: The Nineteenth Century, edited by Andrew Porter (Oxford: OUP, 2001).

Philip D. Curtin Two Jamaicas: the role of ideas in a tropical colony, 1830-1865., (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1968).

Thomas Cleveland Holt, The Problem of Freedom: Race, Labor, and Politics in Jamaica and Britain, 1832-1938, (JHU Press, 1992)

Christer Petley, 'Slavery, emancipation and the creole world view of Jamaican colonists, 1800–1834', Slavery & Abolition, 26.1 (2005).

Kay Dian Kriz. Slavery, Sugar, and the Culture of Refinement: Picturing the British West Indies, 1700-1840 (New Haven, Yale University Press, 2008).

Gad Heuman, The Caribbean (London: Hodder Arnold, 2006)

Gad Heuman and James Walvin (eds), The Slavery Reader (London: Routledge, 2003)

B. Higman, A Concise History of the Caribbean (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011)

T. Martin, Caribbean History: From Pre-colonial Origins to the Present (New York: Pearson, 2012)

Rajat Kanta Ray, 'Indian Society and the Establishment of British Supremacy, 1765-1818' in P. Marshall (ed), The Oxford History of British Empire: The Eighteenth Century, vol. 2, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998).

Washbrook, David, 'The Two faces of Colonialism: India 1818-1858' in The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume III: The Nineteenth Century: Nineteenth Century, edited by Andrew Porter (Oxford: OUP, 2001)

Michael H. Fisher, The politics of the British annexation of India, 1757-1857 (Oxford in India Readings: Themes in Indian History) (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1993), introduction

Philippa Levine, The British Empire: Sunrise to Sunset (Abingdon: Routledge, 2013), chapter 5. 

Huw Bowen, 'British India, 1765-1813: The Metropolitan Context' In P. Marshall (Ed)The Oxford History Of British Empire: The Eighteenth Century, Vol. 2, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998).

Ayesha Jalal and Sugata Bose, Modern South Asia (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997), chs 6-9.

Crispin Bates, Subalterns and Raj : South Asia since 1600, (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007), ch. 1, 2 and 3.

C.A. Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire (Cambridge, 1988), ch. 4.


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Week 3: Empire, Colonial Philanthropy and the British Public Sphere

Peter Marshall, ‘The Moral Swing to the East: British Humanitarianism in India and the West Indies’ in East India Company Studies: Papers Presented to Professor Sir Cyril Philips, edited by K. Ballhatchet And J. Harrison (Hong Kong: Asian Research Service, 1986).   

David Lambert and Alan Lester. ‘Geographies of Colonial Philanthropy.’ Progress in Human Geography 28, no. 3 (2004): 320-341.

Rob Skinner and Alan Lester, 'Humanitarianism and Empire: New Research Agendas', The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 40 (2012)

Brendan Simms and D.B. J. Trim, 'Towards a History of Humanitarian Intervention', in Humanitarian Intervention: A History ed. by Brendan Simms and D.B. J. Trim (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011). p. 2.

Michael Barnett, Empire of Humanity: A History of Humanitarianism (Cornell University Press, 2011), ch. 2 and 3.

Catherine Hall, Civilising Subjects: Metropole and Colony in the English Imagination, 1830-1867 (Cambridge, UK: Polity, 2002), ch. 5.

Laidlaw, Zoë. Colonial connections, 1815–45: patronage, the information revolution and colonial government. (Manchester: MUP, 2013). Ch 2.

Elizabeth A. Harvey (2013) ‘Layered Networks’: Imperial Philanthropy in Birmingham and Sydney, 1860–1914, The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 41:1, 120-142, DOI: 10.1080/03086534.2013.762164

Emily Baughan & Bronwen Everill, ‘Empire and Humanitarianism: A Preface’, The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 40:5, 2012, 727-728, DOI: 10.1080/03086534.2012.730826

Edmonds, Penelope, and Anna Johnston. "Empire, humanitarianism and violence in the colonies." Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History 17.1 (2016).

Green, Abigail. "Humanitarianism in Nineteenth-Century Context: Religious, Gendered, National." The Historical Journal 57.4 (2014): 1157-1175.

Peter Van der Veer and Hartmut Lehmann, Nation and Religion: Perspectives on Europe and Asia (Princeton, 1999): ch. 1 and 2.

John Marriott, The Other Empire: Metropolis, India and Progress in the Colonial Imagination, (MU), 2003), ch. 1.

David Turley, The Culture of English Anti-Slavery: 1780-1860 (Psychology Press, 1991), ch. 5.

Joshua Civin, "Slaves, sati and sugar: constructing imperial identity through Liverpool petition struggles." Parliaments, nations and identities in Britain and Ireland, 1660–1850 (Manchester University Press, 2013).


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Week 4: Orientalism, Race and Identity in the 18th and 19th Century

Edward Said, Orientalism, (London: Penguin, 1995), intro.

John MacKenzie, Orientalism: History, Theory and the Arts, (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1995), esp. chaps 1 and 2.

Lata Mani and Ruth Frankenberg, ‘The Challenge of Orientalism’, Economy and Society, 14:2, 1985.

Reina Lewis, Gendering Orientalism: Race, Femininity, and Representation (London: Routlege, 1996), intro and ch. 1

M. Yegenoglu, Colonial Fantasies: Towards a Feminist Reading of Orientalism, (California University Press, 1998).

Williams and Chrisman, Colonial Discourse and Post-colonial Theory, (Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1994), part 2.

MacFie, Orientalism: A Reader, (Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh Press, 2000), esp sections 10, 11 and 12

Lisa Lowe, Critical Terrains: French and British Orientalisms, (Berkely: University of California Press, 1991), esp intro

Bart Moore-Gilbert, Postcolonial Theory: Contexts, Practices, Politics, (London: Verso, 1997), esp section on Said.

Thomas Metcalf, Ideologies of the Raj, (Cambridge University Press, 1997). Ch 1 ‘introduction’

 Nicholas Hudson, ‘From "Nation" to "Race": The Origin of Racial Classification in Eighteenth-Century Thought’, in Eighteenth-Century Studies 29.3 (1996) 247-264

 P. J. Marshall, ‘Taming the Exotic. The British and India in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries’ in Rousseau and Porter (eds), Exoticism in the Enlightenment (1990).

Patrick Brantlinger, 'Victorians and Africans: The Genealogy of the Myth of the Dark Continent', Critical Inquiry, 12:1, (1985), pp. 166-203

Roxann Wheeler, The Complexion of Race: Categories of Difference in Eighteenth-Century British Culture (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000), intro

P.J. Marshall and G. Williams, The Great Map Of Mankind: British Perceptions Of The World In The Age Of Enlightenment (London: Dent, 1982).

Sankar Muthu, Enlightenment against Empire, (Princeton University Press, 2003).

Ivan Hannaford, Race: The History of an Idea in the West (Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 1996), ch. 7 and 8.

Kenan Malik, The Meaning of Race: Race, History, and Culture in Western Society (NYU Press, 1996), ch. 2 and 3.

Nancy Stepan, The Idea of Race in Science: Great Britain, 1800-1960 (Macmillan, 1982)

Eze Emmanuel Chukwudi, Race and the Enlightenment: a reader (Blackwells, 1997)

Jyoti Mohan, ‘La civilisation la plus antique: Voltaire's Images of India’ in Journal of World History 16.2 (2005) available online at

David Arnold, ‘Race, place and bodily difference in early nineteenth-century India’ in Historical Research, 77:196, 2004, pp. 254-273.

Jane Samson, Race and Empire, (Pearson Education, 2005).

Colin Kidd, The Forging of Races: Race and Scripture in the Protestant Atlantic World, 1600-2000 (Cambridge University Press; 2006), ch. 4 and 5.

Malchow, Howard L. Gothic Images of Race in Nineteenth-Century Britain (Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 1996).

Peter Van der Veer and Hartmut Lehmann, Nation and Religion: Perspectives on Europe and Asia (Princeton, 1999): ch. 3.


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Week 6: Anti-Slavery Rhetoric, Imagery and Strategies

Seymour Drescher. 'Antislavery Debates: Tides of Historiography in Slavery and Antislavery' European Review, 19, 2011, pp 131-148.

Karen Halttunen 'Humanitarianism and the Pornography of Pain in Anglo-American Culture' The American Historical Review, 100:2, 1995, pp. 303-334

Seymour Drescher, Abolition: A History of Slavery and Antislavery (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009), ch. 8 and 9.

Roger Anstey, The Atlantic Slave Trade and British Abolition, 1760-1810. (London: Macmillan, 1975)

David Brion Davis, The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770-1823 (New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).

David Turley, The Culture of English Anti-Slavery: 1780-1860 (Psychology Press, 1991).

Eric Williams, Capitalism and Slavery (Chapel Hill, N.C.: [s.n.], 1944).

Seymour Drescher, 'Eric Williams: British Capitalism and British Slavery' in History and Theory, 26:2, 1987, pp. 180-196

Thomas Haskell, ‘Capitalism and the Origins of the Humanitarian Sensibility, Part 1.’ The American Historical Review 90, no. 2 (1985): 339-361.

Seymour Drescher, Econocide: British Slavery in the Era of Abolition. (Pittsburgh, Pa: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1977).

Seymour Drescher, Capitalism and Antislavery: British Mobilization in Comparative Perspective. (London: Macmillan, 1986).

Seymour Drescher, ‘Abolitionist Expectations: Britain.’ Slavery & Abolition: A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave Studies 21, no. 2 (2000): 41 - 66.

Seymour Drescher, The Mighty Experiment: Free Labor Vs. Slavery in British Emancipation (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002).

Seymour Drescher, ‘Public Opinion and Parliament in the Abolition of the British Slave Trade’ Parliamentary History 26, no. 4S (2007): 23.

Henrice Altink, ‘'An Outrage on All Decency': Abolitionist Reactions to Flogging Jamaican Slave Women, 1780-1834.’ Slavery & Abolition: A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave Studies 23, no. 2 (2002): 107 - 122.

Marcus Wood, Slavery, Empathy, and Pornography (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).

Marcus Wood, Blind Memory: Visual Representations of Slavery in England and America, 1780-1865 (New York, 2000).

Mario Klarer, ‘Humanitarian Pornography: John Gabriel Stedman's Narrative of a Five Years Expedition against the Revolting Negroes of Surinam (1796).’ New Literary History 36:4, 2005.

Brychhan Carey, British Abolitionism and the Rhetoric of Sensibility: Writing, Sentiment, and Slavery, 1760-1807. Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan, 2005.

Oldfield, John R. Popular Politics and British Anti-Slavery: The mobilisation of public opinion against the slave trade 1787-1807. Routledge, 2012.

Huw David, ‘Transnational advocacy in the eighteenth century: transatlantic activism and the anti‐slavery movement’, Global Networks 7.3 (2007): 367-382.

James Walvin, "The propaganda of anti-slavery’ in Slavery and British Society 1776–1846 (Palgrave, London, 1982), pp. 49-68.

Brycchan Carey and Peter J. Kitson, eds. Slavery and the Cultures of Abolition: Essays marking the Bicentennial of the British Abolition Act of 1807 (Boydell & Brewer Ltd, 2007).


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Week 7: Gender, Domesticity and the Politics of Sugar

Clare Midgley  'Slave sugar boycotts, female activism and the domestic base of British anti‐slavery culture' in Slavery & Abolition, 17:3, 1996, pp. 137-162.

Clare Midgley, Feminism and Empire : Women Activists in Imperial Britain, 1790-1865 (London: Routledge, 2007).

Clare Midgley, Women against Slavery: The British Campaigns, 1780-1870 (London: Routledge, 1992).

David B. Davis ‘James Cropper and the British Anti-Slavery Movement, 1823-1833.’ The Journal of Negro History 46, no. 3 (1961): 154-173.

Jane Webster, ‘The Unredeemed Object: Displaying Abolitionist Artefacts in 2007’ Slavery & Abolition 30 (2009): 311-325.

Sidney Wilfred Mintz, Sweetness and Power: The Place of Sugar in Modern History (New York: Viking, 1985).

Timothy Morton, The Poetics of Spice: Romantic Consumerism and the Exotic (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000), ch. on Sugar.

Timothy Morton, ‘Blood sugar’ in Romanticism and Colonialism: Writing and Empire 1780 -1830 (Cambridge: CUP, 1998), pp. 87-106.

Charlotte Sussman, ‘Women and the Politics of Sugar, 1792.’ Representations, no. 48 (1994): 48-69

Seymour Drescher, The Mighty Experiment: Free Labor Vs. Slavery in British Emancipation (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002), ch. 7.

Andrea Major ‘The Slavery of East and West’: Abolitionists and ‘Unfree’ Labour in India, 1820–1833, Slavery & Abolition 31:4, 2010.

Andrea Major, Slavery, Abolitionism and Empire in India, 1772-1843 (Liverpool University Press, 2012), ch. 8.

Mimi Sheller, "Bleeding Humanity and Gendered Embodiments: From Antislavery Sugar Boycotts to Ethical Consumers." Humanity: An International Journal of Human Rights, Humanitarianism, and Development 2.2 (2011): 171-192. Available at

Julia Holcomb, ‘Blood-Stained Sugar: Gender, Commerce and the British Slave-Trade Debates’ Slavery & Abolition 35.4 (2014): 611-628.

Julia Holcomb, Moral Commerce: Quakers and the Transatlantic Boycott of the Slave Labor Economy. Cornell University Press, 2016.

Sidney Mintz, ‘Sugar and morality’, in  Morality and Health (1997): 173-84.

James Walvin, Sugar: The World Corrupted: from Slavery to Obesity (Pegasus Books, 2018).

Clare Midgley, ‘Anti-slavery and the roots of ‘imperial feminism’’ in Gender and Imperialism (Manchester: MUP, 2017).

Clare Midgley, ‘Anti‐Slavery and Feminism in Nineteenth‐Century Britain’ Gender & History 5.3 (1993): 343-362.

Elizabeth Clapp and Julie Roy Jeffrey, eds. Women, Dissent and Anti-Slavery in Britain and America, 1790-1865 (Oxford: OUP, 2011.


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Week 8: The Missionary Movement and its publications

Andrew Porter, ‘Religion, Missionary Enthusiasm and Empire’ in William Roger Lewis (ed), The Oxford History Of The British Empire, vol. 3, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).

Chancey, Karen. ‘The Star in the East: The Controversy over Christian Missions to India, 1805-1813.’ Historian, 60, no. 3 (1998): 507-522.

Andrea Major, Slavery, Abolitionism and Empire in India, 1772-1843 (Liverpool University Press, 2012), part 4 intro and ch. 7.

Stanley, Brian, The Bible and the Flag: Protestant missions and British imperialism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries (Leicester: Apollos, 1990),

Andrew Porter, Religion Versus Empire? British Protestant Missionaries and Overseas Expansion, 1700-1914 (Manchester, Manchester University Press, 2004)

Norman Etherington, Missions and Empire, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005).

Brian Stanley (1983). ‘Commerce and Christianity’: Providence Theory, The Missionary Movement, and the Imperialism of Free Trade, 1842–1860. The Historical Journal, 26, 1983, pp. 71-94

Andrew Porter, "‘Cultural imperialism’ and protestant missionary enterprise, 1780–1914" in The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 25.3 (1997)

C. Hall and S. O’Rose (eds) At Home with the Empire: Metropolitan Culture and the Imperial World, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), ch 7 and 11.

Susan Thorne, Congregational Missions and the Making of an Imperial Culture in Nineteenth-Century England (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1999).

Mary Taylor Huber and Nancy Lutkehaus, Gendered missions: women and men in missionary discourse and practice, (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999), intro and chapter by Susan Thorne

Robert A. Bickers & Rosemary Seton (Eds) Missionary Encounters: sources and issues, (Surrey: Curzon Press, 1996).

Alison Twells, The Civilising Mission and the English Middle Class, 1792–1850: The ‘Heathen’ at Home and Overseas, (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009).

Susan Thorne, ‘"The Conversion of Englishmen and the Conversion of the World Inseparable": Missionary Imperialism and the Language of Class in Early Industrial Britain’, in Tensions of Empire: Colonial Cultures in a Bourgeois World, ed. Frederick Cooper and Ann Laura Stoler, (Berkeley, 1997).

Catherine Hall, 'White Visions, Black Lives: The Free Villages of Jamaica', in History Workshop, No. 36, Colonial and Post-Colonial History (Autumn, 1993), pp. 100-132

Stanley, Brian. ‘Baptists, Anti-Slavery and the Legacy of Imperialism.’ Baptist Quarterly 42, no. October (2007): 284-95.

Evans, Julie. ‘Reassessing Missionary Conflict with Colonial Authorities: Sovereignty, Authority and the Civilising Mission in Jamaica’ in Evangelists of Empire?: Missionaries in Colonial History, ed. Amanda Barry, Joanna Cruickshank, Andrew Brown-May and Patricia Grimshaw [online] Melbourne: University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre, 2008. Available at:

Turner, Mary. Slaves and Missionaries : The Disintegration of Jamaican Slave Society, 1787-1834. Barbados: The Press, University of the West Indies, 1998.

Ian Copland, ‘Christianity as an Arm of Empire: The Ambiguous Case of India under the Company, C. 1813-1858’ The Historical Journal 49, no. 04 (2006): 1025-1054

Jefffery Cox, Imperial Fault Lines: Christianity and Colonial Power in India, 1818-1940. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2002


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Week 9: Women, Missions and the Anti-Sati Movement

 Alison Twells, ‘Missionary Domesticity, Global Reform and 'Woman's Sphere' in Early Nineteenth-Century England’ in Gender & History 18:2, 2006, 266–284, (electronic resource).

Rhonda Anne Semple, Missionary women: gender, professionalism, and the Victorian idea of Christian mission. (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2003).

Clare Midgley ‘Can Women Be Missionaries? Envisioning Female Agency in the Early Nineteenth-Century British Empire’, Journal of British Studies, 45, 2006, 335–358.

Jane Haggis, ‘Ironies of Emancipation: Changing Configurations of 'Women's Work' in the 'Mission of Sisterhood' to Indian Women,’ in Feminist Review, 65, Summer, 2000, pp. 108-126.

Judith Rowbotham, ""Hear an Indian Sister's Plea": Reporting the Work of 19th-Century British Female Missionaries." Women's Studies International Forum 21, no. 3 (1998): pp. 247-261

Jane Haggis, ‘A heart that has felt the love of god and longs for others to know it’: conventions of gender, tensions of self and constructions of difference in offering to be a lady missionary’ in Women’s History Review, 7:2, 1998, 171-193.

Alison Twells, ‘Missionary Domesticity, Global Reform and 'Woman's Sphere' in Early Nineteenth-Century England’ in Gender & History 18:2, 2006, 266–284.

E. Prevost, (2009), ‘Assessing Women, Gender, and Empire in Britain's Nineteenth-Century Protestant Missionary Movement’, in History Compass, 7, 2009, pp. 765–799.

Geoffrey A. Oddie, 'Orientalism’ and British protestant missionary constructions of India in the nineteenth century’, South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies. 17:2, 1994, pp. 27-42.

Brian K Pennington, Was Hinduism Invented?: Britons, Indians, and Colonial Construction of Religion (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005).

David W. Savage ‘Missionaries and the Development of a Colonial Ideology of Female Education in India’ in Gender & History, 9:2, August 1997, pp. 201-221.

Anna Johnston, Missionary Writing and Empire, 1800-1860 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).

Geoffrey A. Oddie Imagined Hinduism: British Protestant Missionary Constructions of Hinduism, 1793-1900 (New Delhi: Sage, 2006), ch. 11.

Lata Mani, Contentious Traditions: The Debate on Sati in Colonial India, 1780-1833 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998), ch. On missionaries

Jeanette Herman, ‘Men and Women of Feeling: Conventions of Sensibility and Sentimentality in the Sati Debate and Mainwaring's the Suttee.’ Comparative Literature Studies 42, no. 2 (2005)

Andrea Major ‘Eternal Flames: Suicide, Sinfulness and Insanity In European Constructions Of Sati, 1500-1830.’ International Journal of Asian Studies, 1, August 2004, pp. 247-276.

Lata Mani, ‘Contentious Traditions: Production of an Official discourse on Sati in Early 19th Century Bengal’ in K. Sangari and S. Vaid (eds) Recasting Women: Essays in Colonial History (New Delhi: Kali for Women, 1989) OR ‘Contentious Traditions: The Debate on Sati in Colonial India’, in Cultural Critique, 7, Autumn 1987, 119-156.

Clare Midgley, ‘Female Emancipation in an Imperial Frame: English women and the campaign against sati (widow-burning) in India, 1813-1830’ in Women’s History Review, 9:1, 2000.


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Week 10: Abolitionism after Emancipation

 Catherine Hall, Civilising Subjects: Metropole and Colony in the English Imagination, 1830-1867 (Cambridge: Polity, 2002), ch. 6

Howard Temperley 'The delegalization of slavery in British India', Slavery & Abolition, 21:2, 2000

Elizabeth Kelly Gray, ‘‘Whisper to him the word ‘India’ ’’: Trans-Atlantic Critics and American Slavery, 1830–1860’ in Journal of the Early Republic, 27, 2008.

Catherine Hall, ‘The Lords of Humankind Re-Visited’, Bulletin of the School of Oriental Studies, 66.3 (2003): 472-485.

Sherwood, Marika. After Abolition: Britain and the Slave Trade since 1807 (London: I. B. Tauris, 2007)

Simon Morgan, 'The Anti-Corn Law League and British anti-slavery in transatlantic perspective, 1838–1846' The Historical Journal 52.01 (2009): 87-107.

Charles Swaisland 'The Aborigines protection society, 1837–1909', Slavery & Abolition  21:2, 2000.

Zoë Laidlaw, 'Heathens, Slaves and Aborigines: Thomas Hodgkin's Critique of Missions and Anti-slavery' History Workshop Journal 64:1, 2007, pp. 133-161

Patrick Brantlinger, Dark Vanishings: Discourse on the Extinction of Primitive Races, 1800-1930, (Cornell University Press, 2003), chapter 4.

Alan Lester and Fae Dussart, Colonization and the Origins of Humanitarian Governance: Protecting Aborigines Across the Nineteenth-Century British Empire, (Cambridge University Press, 2014): Chapter 1

David Turley, The Culture of English Antislavery, 1780-1860 (Psychology Press, 1991).

Howard Temperley, British antislavery, 1833-1870, (London: Longman, 1972).

Zoë Laidlaw, 'Investigating Empire: Humanitarians, Reform and the Commission of Eastern Inquiry', The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 40:5, (2012): 749-768.

Richard Huzzey, 'Free Trade, Free Labour, and Slave Sugar in Victorian Britain', The Historical Journal, 53.02 (2010): 359-379.

Elizabeth Elbourne, 'The Sin of the Settler: The 1835-36 Select Committee on Aborigines and Debates over Virtue and Conquest in the Early Nineteenth-Century British White Settler Empire', Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History 4.3 (2003).

Zoë Laidlaw, '‘Aunt Anna's Report’: the Buxton women and the Aborigines Select Committee, 1835–37', The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 32.2 (2004): 1-28.

William A. Green, 'Emancipation to Indenture: A Question of Imperial Morality', The Journal of British Studies 22.2 (1983): 98-121.

Madhavi Kale, Fragments of Empire: Capital, Slavery, and Indian Indentured Labor Migration to the British Caribbean, (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998), chapter 5.

Madhavi Kale, 'Capital Spectacles in British Frames: Capital, Empire and Indian Indentured Migration to the British Caribbean', International Review of Social History 41.S4 (1996): 109-133.

Andrea Major, Slavery, Abolitionism and Empire in India, 1772-1843, (Liverpool University Press, 2012), conclusion

Richard Huzzey, Freedom Burning: Anti-Slavery and Empire in Victorian Britain, (Cornell University, 2012), chapter 7.

Zoë Laidlaw, "“Justice to India–Prosperity to England–Freedom to the Slave!” Humanitarian and Moral Reform Campaigns on India, Aborigines and American Slavery." Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 22.02 (2012): 299-324.

Christopher M. Florio, 'From Poverty to Slavery: Abolitionists, Overseers, and the Global Struggle for Labor in India' Journal of American History, 102.4 (2016): 1005-1024.

 S. R. Mehrotra, 'The British India Society and its Bengal Branch, 1839-46', Indian Economic & Social History Review, 4.2 (1967): 131-154

James Heartfield, The Aborigines' Protection Society: Humanitarian Imperialism in Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Canada, South Africa, and the Congo, 1836-1909, (Columbia University Press, 2011).

Kathryn Kish Sklar, "" Women Who Speak for an Entire Nation": American and British Women Compared at the World Anti-Slavery Convention, London, 1840." Pacific Historical Review 59 (1990): 453.

Donald R. Kennon, "’An apple of discord’: The woman question at the world's anti‐slavery convention of 1840." Slavery and Abolition 5.3 (1984): 244-266.

Lisa Shawn Hogan, "A time for silence: William Lloyd Garrison and the “woman question” at the 1840 world anti-slavery convention." Gender issues 25.2 (2008): 63.

Maurice Bric, "Debating Slavery and Empire: The United States, Britain and the World’s Anti-slavery Convention of 1840." A Global History of Anti-Slavery Politics in the Nineteenth Century. Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2013. 59-77.


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Week 11: Changing Racial Attitudes in the Mid Nineteenth Century.

Seymour Drescher ‘The Ending of the Slave Trade and the Evolution of European Scientific Racism’, Social Science History, Vol. 14, No. 3 (Autumn, 1990), pp. 415-450

Bernard V. Lightman, Victorian science in context, (University of Chicago Press, 1997), ch.10

Christine Bolt, Victorian attitudes to race (Oxford: OUP, 1971).

Stephen Jay Gould, The Mismeasure of Man (Norton, 1996), ch. 2, 3, 4

Ernst, Waultraud and Harris, Bernard (eds.) (1999) Race, science, and medicine, 1700-1960, London, UK , Routledge ,

James Patterson Smith ‘The Liberals, Race, and Political Reform in the British West Indies, 1866-1874’ in Journal of Negro history., Vol. 79, No. 2 (Spring, 1994), pp. 131-146

Patrick Brantlinger, Dark vanishings : discourse on the extinction of primitive races, 1800-1930, (Cornell University Press, 2003).

Christopher Herbert, War of No Pity: The Indian Mutiny and Victorian Trauma (Princeton University Press; 2007), ch. 4

Andrea Major, 'Spiritual Battlefields: Evangelical discourse on 1857 and the writings of the London Missionary Society, Andrea Major and Crispin Bates (eds), Mutiny at the Margins, vol 2 (New Delhi: Sage, 2013)

Don Randall, 'Autumn 1857: The Making Of The Indian “Mutiny”', in Victorian Literature and Culture, 31:1, 2003, pp.3-17.

Gautam Chakravarty, The Indian Rebellion in the British Imagination, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Jenny Sharpe, ‘The Unspeakable limits of Rape’ in Williams and Chrisman, Colonial Discourse and Post-colonial Theory (Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1994).

Gad J. Heuman, The killing time : the Morant Bay rebellion in Jamaica (University of Tennessee Press, 1994)

Bernard Semmel ‘The Issue of "Race" in the British Reaction to the Morant Bay Uprising of 1865’, Caribbean Studies, Vol. 2, No. 3 (Oct., 1962), pp. 3-15

Marouf Hasian, "Colonial re-characterization and the discourse surrounding the Eyre controversy" Southern communication journal 66.1 (2000).

B. A. Knox, ‘The British Government and the Governor Eyre Controversy, 1865–1875’, in The Historical Journal, 19 , 1976, pp 877-900

G Heuman 'The Morant Bay Rebellion: Its Novelists and Historians' in History and histories in the Caribbean, 2001.

This list was last updated on 25/09/2019