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PHIL2405 Reading List

Introduction to Epistemology, 2019/20, Semester 1
Dr Ed Elliott
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Lecture 1: What is Knowledge? (1)

Gettier (1963) 'Is justified true belief knowledge?', Analysis

Ichikawa & Steup (2017) 'The Analysis of Knowledge', SEP -

Lecture 2: What is Knowledge? (2)

Zagzebski (2017) ‘The Lesson of Gettier’, Ch. 10 of Explaining Knowledge: New Essays on the Gettier Problem

Williamson, Dougherty & Rysiew (2014) ‘Should Knowledge Come First?’, Ch. 1 of Contemporary debates in epistemology

Lecture 3: Cartesian Scepticism (1)

Vogel & Fumerton (2014) ‘Can Skepticism Be Refuted?’, Ch. 5 of Contemporary debates in epistemology

Greco (2007) ‘External World Skepticism’, Philosophy Compass

Lecture 4: Cartesian Scepticism (2)

Dretske & Hawthorne (2014) ‘Is Knowledge Closed under Known Entailment?’, Ch. 2 of Contemporary debates in epistemology

Neta (2007) ‘Fixing the Transmission: The New Mooreans’, Ch. 3 of Themes from G. E. Moore

Lecture 5: Contextualism

Lewis (1996) ‘Elusive Knowledge’, Australasian Journal of Philosophy

Conee & Cohen (2014) ‘Is Knowledge Contextual?’, Ch. 3 of Contemporary debates in epistemology

Lecture 6: Reliabilism

Conee & Feldman (1997) ‘The Generality Problem for Reliabilism’, Philosophical Studies

Goldman & Beddor (2015) ‘Reliabilist Epistemology’, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Lecture 7: Anti-Luck Epistemology

Pritchard & Hetherington (2014) ‘Can Knowledge Be Lucky?’, Ch. 7 of Contemporary debates in epistemology

Orozco (2011) ‘Epistemic Luck’, Philosophy Compass

Lecture 8: The A Priori

BonJour & Devitt (2014) ‘Is there a priori knowledge?’, Ch. 8 of Contemporary Debates in Epistemology - available here:

Jenkins (2008) ‘A Priori Knowledge: debates and developments’, Philosophy Compass

Lecture 9: Foundationalism and Coherentism

BonJour (1978) ‘Can Empirical Knowledge Have a Foundation?’, American Philosophical Quarterly

Lecture 10: Confirmation Theory

Hume, ‘Sceptical Doubts Concerning the Operations of the Understanding’ in An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding; available here:

Leah Henderson, ‘The Problem of Induction’, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy -

Samir Okasha, ‘What did Hume Really Show about Induction?’ -

Lecture 11: New Riddles of Confirmation

Hempel (1945) ‘Studies in the Logic of Confirmation I’, Mind

Cohnitz & Rossberg (2014) ‘Nelson Goodman’, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, §5 only -

Quine (1969) ‘Natural Kinds’, in Ontological Relativity and Other Essays - available here:

Marc Lange (2015) ‘The paradox of the ravens’, Wireless Philosophy

Lecture 12: Rationality for Graded Belief I

Foley (1992) ‘The Epistemology of Belief and the Epistemology of Degrees of Belief’, American Philosophical Quarterly

David Christensen (2004) ‘Two Models of Belief’, Chapter 2 of Putting Logic in its Place    

Sorensen (2017) ‘Epistemic Paradoxes’, SEP, §3-4 -

Lecture 13: Rationality for Graded Belief II

Easwaran (2011) ‘Bayesianism II: Applications and Criticisms’, Philosophy Compass

Darren Bradley (2015) A Critical Introduction to Formal Epistemology, Chapter 12: 'Justification and Probability'  

Weisberg (2017) ‘Bertrand’s Paradox - Probability’, Wireless Philosophy -

This list was last updated on 30/09/2019