Dr Natasha McKeever
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue
The Sanctity of Life
Dworkin, Ronald. 'What is Sacred? ', in his Life's Dominion (London: Harper Collins, 1993). OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (GW 09/10/2017)
Glover, Jonathan. 'The Sanctity of Life' in Kuhse and Singer (eds.), Bioethics, Oxford: Blackwell, 2006). (Available online)
Arneson, R.J., 'What, If Anything, Renders All Humans Morally Equal? ' in Singer and his critics, D. Jamieson (ed.), (Oxford: Blackwell, 1999) pp. 103–127.
Warren, Mary A. Moral status : obligations to persons and other living things, (Oxford: Oxford University Pres, 1997).
The Right to Life and Moral Personhood
Tooley, M. (1972). Abortion and Infanticide. Philosophy & Public Affairs 2(1): 37-65.
NOTE: for this unit please skip Section V ‘Refutation of the Conservative Position’ (pp. 55-62). In that section Tooley presents his response to potentiality arguments, which we will consider in the next unit.
Hursthouse, Rosalind. ‘Trying to prove the foetus does not matter’, in her Beginning Lives, (Oxford: Blackwell, 1992) OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (GW 09/10/2017) .
Anscombe, Elizabeth. 'Were you a Zygote? ', A. Phillips Griffiths (ed.) Philosophy and practice, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).
Bassen, Paul ‘Present Sakes and Future Prospects: the Status of Early Abortion’, Philosophy & public affairs, 1982.
Boonin, David. A defense of abortion, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).
Coope, Christopher, Worth and welfare in the controversy over abortion (Palgrave Macmillan, 2006).
Dworkin, Ronald. Life's Dominion, (London: Harper Collins, 1993).
Foot, Philippa ‘The Problem of Abortion and the Doctrine of the Double Effect’, in her Virtues and vices, (Oxford: Blackwell, 1978).
Ford, Norman. When did I begin? : conception of the human individual in history, philosophy and science, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988), Ch.2.
Galvao, Pedro. 'Boonin on the future-like-ours argument against abortion', Bioethics, 2007, 21:6, 324-28.
Harman, E., 1999, “Creation Ethics: The Moral Status of Early Fetuses and the Ethics of Abortion,” Philosophy & public affairs., 28: 310–324.
Hursthouse, Rosalind. Beginning lives, (Oxford: Blackwell, 1987), Chapters 5 and 6.
Hursthouse, Rosalind. 'Virtue, Theory and Abortion', Philosophy & public affairs, 20/3 (1991) 223-246.
Jackson, Jennifer. 'Toleration in the Abortion Debate', Ethics in reproductive medicine.
Jackson, Jennifer. Ethics in medicine (Cambridge: Polity, 2006), ch. 10
Kenny, Anthony. 'Abortion and the Taking of Human Life', in his Reason and religion : essays in philosophical theology, (Oxford: Blackwell, 1987).
Kittay, E. F., 2005, 'At the Margins of Personhood,' Ethics., 116: 100–31.
Lang, Gerald. 'Nudging the Responsibility Objection', Journal of applied philosophy, 25:1, (2008), 56-70.
Little, M., 2008, 'Abortion and the Margins of Personhood,' Rutgers Law Journal ISSN: 0277-318X, 39: 331–348. https://ethicslab.georgetown.edu/phil553/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Little-Abortion-and-Margins-of-Personhood.pdf
McMahan, Jeff. The ethics of killing : killing at the margins of life (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), Chapter. 4
McMahan, Jeff. 'Paradoxes of Abortion and Prenatal Injury', Ethics., 116 (2006), 625-655.
Murray, Thomas H and L Caplan, Arthur (eds.) Which babies shall live? : humanistic dimensions of the care of imperiled newborns, (Clifton NJ: Humana, 1985).
Quinn, Warren. 'Abortion, Identity and Loss', Philosophy & public affairs, 13/1 (1984), 24-54.
Sher, George. 'Hare, Abortion and the Golden Rule', Philosophy & public affairs, 6/2 (1977), 185-90.
Steinbock, Bonnie. Life Before Birth : the moral and legal status of embryos and fetuses, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992).
Tooley, Michael. Abortion and Infanticide, (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983).
Tupa, Antony. 'Killing, Letting Die, and the Morality of Abortion', Journal of applied philosophy, 26.1 (2009), 1-26.
Warren, Mary Ann. 'On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion', in James E. White (ed.) Contemporary moral problems, Fourth Edition (St Paul, Minn: West Publishing Co., 1994).
Abortion and Potentiality Arguments
Marquis, Don. 'Why Abortion is Immoral', in Kuhse and Singer (eds.), Bioethics,, (Oxford: Blackwell, 2006), pp. 51-62.
Tooley, M. (1972). Abortion and Infanticide. Philosophy & Public Affairs 2(1): pp. 37-65. Section V ‘Refutation of the Conservative Position’ (pp. 55-62) ONLY.
Oderberg, David. Moral theory: a non-consequentialist approach (Oxford: Blackwell, 2000). Chapter 4, esp. 4.4.
Singer, Peter. 'Taking Life: the Embryo and the Fetus', in Practical ethics (3rd Edition) , (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011), Chapter 6. Available as an eBook from the University library.
Fisher, John Andrew. 'Why Potentiality Does Not Matter – A Reply to Stone', Canadian journal of philosophy. 24/2 (1994), 261-180.
Harman, Elizabeth. 'The Potentiality Problem', Philosophical studies. 114/1-2 (2003), 173-198.
Megone, Chris. 'Potentiality and Persons: An Aristotelian Perspective', in Mark Kuczewski and Ronald Polansky (eds.), Bioethics : ancient themes in contemporary issues, (Boston: MIT Press, 2000).
Stone, Jim. 'Why Potentiality Matters', Canadian journal of philosophy., 17/4 (1987), 815-830.
Stone, Jim. “Why Potentiality Still Matters”, Canadian journal of philosophy., 24/2 (1994), 281-294
Jacquette, Dale. 'Two kinds of potentiality: a Crtique of McGinn on the Ethics of Abortion', Journal of applied philosophy., 18.1 (2001), 79-86.
Burgess, J. A. 'Potential and Foetal Value', Journal of applied philosophy., 27:2 (2010), 140-153.
Camosy, Charles. 'Common Ground on Surgical Abortion? - Engaging Peter Singer on the Moral Status of Potential Persons', Journal of medicine and philosophy., 33, (2008), 577-593.
Abortion and Rights Arguments
Thomson, Judith Jarvis. 'A Defense of Abortion' , Philosophy and Public Affairs, 1/1 (1972): 47-66.
Jim Stone (1983), ‘Abortion and the Control of Human Bodies’, The journal of value inquiry. 17 (1983).
John Finnis (1973), ‘The Rights and Wrongs of Abortion: A Reply to Judith Thomson’, Philosophy & public affairs. vol, 2
Brody, Baruch. 'Thomson on Abortion', Philosophy & public affairs., 1/3 (1972), 335-34.
Purdy, Laura, M. 'Are Pregnant Women Fetal Containers? ' in Bioethics, pp. 65-76.
Silverstein, Harry. ‘A Woman’s ‘Responsibility’ for the Fetus’, Social theory and practice., 1987, 13, 103-19.
Non-Identity Problem and Wrongful Birth
Hope, Tony. Medical ethics : a very short introduction ISBN: 0192802828 (pbk). Chapter 4. Oxford University Press, 2004.
Lawlor, Rob. "Questioning the significance of the non-identity problem in applied ethics" Journal of Medical Ethics, 2015, 893-896.
Woodward, James. "The non-identity problem." Ethics. 96, no. 4 (1986): 804-831.
Parfit, Derek, 'Rights, Interests, and Possible People', in Bioethics,, pp. 108-112.
Roberts, M. A., "The Nonidentity Problem", Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Fall 2013 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = .
Brock, Dan W. "THE NON‐IDENTITY PROBLEM AND GENETIC HARMS–THE CASE OF WRONGFUL HANDICAPS." Bioethics. 9, no. 3 (1995): 269-275.
Fertility Treatment and Reproductive Rights
Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]., ‘Parenthood and Procreation’, sections 2, 3.1, 3.2 and 3.3.
David Archard (2004) ‘Wrongful Life’ Philosophy. 79, sections III and IV only (414-420).
Dan Brock (2005), ‘Shaping Future Children’ The journal of political philosophy. 13, sections I and II (379-384).
Vic Larcher (2007), ‘Ethical Issues in Respect of Children Born After Assisted Reproductive Technologies’ Archives of disease in childhood. 92:670-71
Mianna Lotz (2009), ‘Procreative reasons relevance: on the moral significance of why we have children’ Bioethics 23.5: 291-299.
Robertson, J. (2005). Gay and Lesbian Access to Assisted Reproductive Technology. Case Western Reserve Law Review 55(2): 323–372. Online at http://www.utexas.edu/law/faculty/jrobertson/robertson.DARBY.pdf
Waxman, S (2017) ‘Applying the preconception welfare principle and the harm threshold: doing more harm than good?’ Medical Law International ISSN: 0968-5332 17(3):134-157.
Waxman, S (2018) ‘The pre-conception welfare principle: a critical analysis’ Law, Innovation and Technology ISSN: 1757-9961 10(1):122-152.
Feminist Perspectives on Reproductive Autonomy
Brake, E. and Millum, J. (2013). ‘Parenthood and Procreation’. Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Winter 2013 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.) Available online. Section 2.4 ONLY
Victoria Seavilleklein, 'Challenging the Rhetoric of Choice in Prenatal Screening', Bioethics, 23/1 (2009): 68-77.
Woollard, Fiona, 2018, "Should we talk about the ‘benefits’ of breastfeeding? The significance of the default in representations of infant feeding" Journal of medical ethics. ISSN: 0306-6800; 1473-4257; 44:756-760.
Asch, Adrienne, 'Prenatal Diagnosis and Selective Abortion: A Challenge to Practice and Policy' in Bioethics, pp. 122-136.
Bowden, C. (2019). Are We Justified in Introducing Carbon Monoxide Testing to Encourage Smoking Cessation in Pregnant Women? Health Care Analysis, 27(2), 128–145.
Debruin, D. (2016). Fetal Risk, Fetal Purity, and the Perils Posed by Pregnant Women. The American Journal of Bioethics, 16(2), 12–14. https://doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2015.1120815
Kukla, Rebecca, 2005a, “The limits of lines: negotiating hard medical choices”, APA Newsletter on Philosophy of Medicine 5(1), 13–19. http://www.apaonline.org/? medicine_newsletter
Kukla, Rebecca, 2008, “Measuring Mothering”, International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1(1): 67–90. https://student.cc.uoc.gr/uploadFiles/1110-%CE%91%CE%9509%CE%9A/Kukla%20Mearuing%20mothering.pdf
Minkoff, H., & Marshall, M. (2016). Fetal Risks, Relative Risks, and Relatives’ Risks. The American Journal of Bioethics, 16(2), 3–11.
Purdy, Laura M., 'Genetics and Reproductive Risk: Can Having Children be Immoral? ' in Bioethics, pp. 115-121.
Purdy, Laura M. 'Are Pregnant Women Fetal Containers? ', Bioethics, 4/4 (1990): 273-291.
Purdy, Laura M. . Reproducing persons : issues in feminist bioethics, (Cornell University Press, 1996).
Robertson, John, ‘The Right to Procreate and in Utero Fetal Therapy’, Zeitschrift für Rechtsmedizin = Journal of legal medicine. 3(3), 1982, 355.
Robertson, John, 1996, “Genetic selection of offspring characteristics”, Boston University Law Review 76: 301–61.
Sherwin, Susan, 1992, No longer patient : feminist ethics and health care, Philadelphia: Temple University Press, chapters 5 and 6.
Tremain, Shelley, 2006, “Reproductive freedom, self-regulation, and the government of impairment in utero”, Hypatia. A Journal of Feminist Philosophy 21(1): 35–53.
Parts IV-VI of A companion to bioethics, H. Kuhse and P. Singer (eds.) (Malden: Blackwell, 2009).
This list was last updated on 19/09/2019