Skip to main content

SPPO2681
Module Reading List

Modern Spain (1868-1975), 2019/20, Semester 1, 2
Richard Cleminson
r.cleminson@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Reference Guides

Miguel Artola, Enciclopedia de historia de España, 7 vols. Madrid: Alianza, 1988-1995.

Robert W. Kern (ed), Historical dictionary of modern Spain, 1700-1988. New York: Greenwood Press, 1990.

Angel Smith, Historical dictionary of Spain, 2nd ed. Lanham, Md,: Scarecrow Press, 2009.

Top of page

Introductory Works

Álvarez Junco, José, and Adrian Shubert (eds.), Spanish History since 1808. London: Arnold, 2000.

Carr, Raymond (ed), Spain: A History . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000 (Chapters by Raymond Carr and Sebastian Balfour).

Shubert, Adrian, A Social History of Modern Spain. London: Unwin Hyman, 1990.

Vincent, Mary, Spain 1833-2002 : People and State. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Romero Salvadó, Francisco J., Twentieth-Century Spain : Politics and Society in Spain, 1898-1998, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1999,

Binkhorn, Martin, Democracy and Civil War in Spain 1931-1939 . London: Routledge, 1988.

Preston, Paul (ed.), Revolution and War in Spain, 1931-1939 . York: Methuen, 1984.

Graham, Helen, The Spanish Civil War : a Very Short Introduction . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Grugel, Jean, and Tim Rees, Franco's Spain . London: Arnold, 1997.

Carr, Raymond, and Juan Pablo Fusi, Spain: Dictatorship to Democracy . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982.

Top of page

Liberal Spain, 1850-1923

General Works

Carr, Raymond, Modern Spain, 1875-1980. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980.

Carr, Raymond, Spain 1808-1975. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982.

Carr, Raymond, ‘Liberalism and Reaction, 1833-1931’, in Raymond Carr (ed.), Spain: a History (Oxford University Press, 2000), pp. 205-242.

Esdaile, Charles, Spain in the Liberal Age : From Constitution to Civil War, 1808-1939. Oxford: Blackwell, 2000.

Herr, Richard, An Historical Essay on Modern Spain. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971.

Aurora G. Morcillo, ‘Gender’, in A. Shubert and J. Alvarez Junco (eds), The history of modern Spain : chronologies, themes, individuals ISBN: 9781472591975 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9781472591982 (hardback : alk. paper); 9781472591999 (ePDF); 9781472592002 (ebook) (London: Bloomsbury, 2018), pp. 165-179 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 16/10/2018) 

Smith, Angel, 'The Rise and Fall of "Respectable" Spanish Liberalism, 1808-1923: An Explanatory Framework', Journal of Iberian and Latin American studies., vol. 22, no. 1 (2016), pp. 55-73.

Tortella, Gabriel, et al, Revolución burguesa, oligarquía y constitucionalismo : (1834-1923). Vol. 8 of Historia de España, dirigida por Manuel Tuñón de Lara. Barcelona: Labor, 1983.

Nigel Townson, ‘The Contested Quest for Modernization: 1914-1936’, in A. Shubert and J. Alvarez Junco (eds), The history of modern Spain : chronologies, themes, individuals ISBN: 9781472591975 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9781472591982 (hardback : alk. paper); 9781472591999 (ePDF); 9781472592002 (ebook) (London: Bloomsbury, 2018), pp. 64-81   OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 16/10/2018) 

The Spanish Economy and Society

Harrison, Joseph, An Economic History of Modern Spain. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1978.

Harrison, Joseph, “The Agrarian History of Modern Spain 1800- 1960.” Agrarian History Review 37 (1989): 180-187.

Harrison, Joseph, “The Economic History of Spain since 1800.” The Economic History Review. 43 (February 1990): 79-89.

Herr, Richard, “Spain.” In European Landed Elites in the Nineteenth Century, ed. David Spring. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1977.

Nadal, Jordi, “Spain, 1830-1914.” In The emergence of industrial societies.Vol. 4, pt. 2. ed. Carlos M. Cipolla. London: Collins/Fontana, 1973.

Prados de Escosura, Leandro, "Economic Growth and Backwardness, 1780-1930", in Álvarez Junco, José, and Adrian Shubert (eds). Spanish History since 1808. London: Arnold, 2000, pp. 180-90.

Simpson,J. “Spanish Agricultural Production and Productivity, 1890-1936”. In The economic development of Spain since 1870 , eds P. Martín Aceña and J. Simpson. Aldershot: Edward Elgar, 1995.

Simpson, J, Spanish Agriculture: The Long Siesta, 1765-1965. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Tortella, Gabriel, The Development of Modern Spain: An Economic History of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2000.

Shubert, Adrian, A Social History of Modern Spain. London: Unwin Hyman, 1990.

The Political System

Dardé, Carlos, "Caracteristicas de la vida política", in Javier Varela Ortega (ed), El poder de la influencia : geografía del caciquismo en España (1875-1923). Madrid: Marcial Pons, 2001.

Kern, Richard, Liberals, Reformers, and Caciques in Restoration Spain, 1875-1909. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1974.

Jacobson, Stephen, and Javier Moreno Luzón, ‘The Political System of the Restoration, 1875-1914: Political and Social Elites’, in Álvarez Junco, José, and Adrian Shubert (eds). Spanish History since 1808. London: Arnold, 2000, pp. 94-110

Luzón, Javier Moreno, “Political Clientelism, Elites and Caciquismo in Restoration Spain (1875-1923).” European History Quarterly. 37, no. 3 (July, 2007), pp. 417-441.

Romero Maura, Joaquín, ‘Caciquismo as a Political System’, in Ernest Gelner and John Waterbury (eds), Patrons and Clients in Mediterranean Societies. London: Center for Mediterranean Studies of the American Universities Field Staff, 1977.

Varela Ortega, José, Los amigos políticos :partidos, elecciones y caciquismo en la Restauración (1875-1900). Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 1977.

The Military

Barker, Thomas M., and Rafael Bañón Martínez (eds.), Armed forces and Society in Spain Past and Present. Boulder: Social Science Monographs, 1988.

Boyd, Carolyn, ‘The Military and Politics, 1808-1874’, in Álvarez Junco, José, and Adrian Shubert (eds). Spanish History since 1808. London: Arnold, 2000, pp. 64-79.

Boyd, Carolyn, Praetorian Politics in Liberal Spain (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979).

Cardona, Gabriel, El poder militar en la España contemporánea hasta la Guerra Civil (Madrid: Siglo XXI, 1983)

Cruz, Rafael, ‘La lógica de la Guerra. Ejército, estado y revolución en la España contemporánea’, Studia-Histórica-Historia Contemporánea, vol. X-XI (1992-93), pp. 207-22 - Available online: http://gredos.usal.es/jspui/bitstream/10366/80046/1/La_logica_de_la_guerra_Ejercito,_Estado_.pdf

Social and Cultural Divisions: Left and Right, Clericalism and Anticlericalism

The Sexenio, 1868-1874

Hennessy, C. A. M., The Federal Republic in Spain : Pi y Margall and the Federal Republican Movement, 1868-74. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1964.

The Clerical Right

Callahan, William J., Church, Politics and Society in Spain, 1750-1874. Cambridge, Mass and London: Harvard University Press, 1984.

Callahan, William J., “Was Spain Catholic? ”, Revista Canadiense de Estudios Hispanicos. 8, no. 2 (Winter 1984), pp. 160-181.

Callahan, William J., "Church and State, 1808-1874", in Álvarez Junco, José, and Adrian Shubert (eds.), Spanish History since 1808. London: Arnold, 2000, pp. 49-63.

Connelly Ullman, Joan, “The Warp and the Woof of Parliamentary Politics in Spain, 1808-1939: Anticlericalism versus ‘NeoCatholicism’.” European Studies Review. 13, No. 2 (April 1983), pp. 145-176.

Lannon, Frances, Privilege, Persecution, and Prophecy : the Catholic Church in Spain, 1875-1975. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987.

López Cordón, Mª Victoria, "La mentalidad conservadora durante la Restauracón", Miguel Artola, et. al (eds), La España de la Restauración : política, economía, legislación y cultura : edición al cuidado de José Luis García Delgado ; I Coloquio de Segovia sobre Historia Contemporánea de España, dirigido por Manuel Tuñón de Lara ; M. Artola... [et al.]. (Madrid: Siglo XXI, 1985), pp. 71-110.

Salomón, Mª Pilar, "La iglesia y el vaticano, enemigos de la España liberal", in Xosé M. Núñez y Francisco Sevillano Calero (eds.), Los enemigos de España : imagen del otro, conflictos bélicos y disputas nacionales, siglos XVI-XX  (Madrid, Centro de Estudios Políticos y Sociales, 2010), pp. 183-206.

The Anticlercial Left

Connelly Ullman, Joan, “The Warp and the Woof of Parliamentary Politics in Spain, 1808-1939: Anticlericalism versus ‘NeoCatholicism’.” European Studies Review. 13, No. 2 (April 1983): 145-176.

Cueva Merino, Julio de la, ‘“La democracia frailófoba”. Democracia liberal y anticlericalismo’, en Manuel Suárez Cortina (ed.), La restauración, entre el liberalismo y la democracia, Madrid, 1997, pp. 229-71.

Heywood, Paul, “The Labor Movement in Spain before 1914.” In Labour and Socialist Movements in Europe before 1914, ed. Richard Geary. Oxford: Berg, 1989.

La Parra López, Emilio and Manuel Suárez Cortina, El anticlericalismo español contemporáneo, Madrid: Biblioteca Nueva, 1998.

Lida, Clara E., Agrarian anarchism in Andalusia. Documents on the Mano Negra’, International Review of Social History, vol. 3 (1969), pp. 315-352

Pérez Ledesma, Manuel, "José Nakens (1841-1926); pasión anticlerical y activismo republicanos", in, Isabel Burdiel and Manuel Pérez Ledesma (eds) Liberales, agitadores y conspiradores : biografías heterodoxas del siglo XIX (Madrid: Espasa Calpe, 2000), pp. 301-30.

Sanabria, Enrique A, Republicanism and anticlerical nationalism in Spain. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Smith, Angel, Anarchism, revolution and reaction : Catalan labour and the crisis of the Spanish State, 1898-1923. Oxford: Berghahn, 2007, ch.6.

The Crisis of 1898 and the Fall of the Restoration Regime

Balfour, Sebastian, “Riot, Regeneration and Reaction: Spain in the Aftermath of the 1898 Disaster.” The Historical Journal. 38, no. 2 (June 1995), pp. 405-423.

Balfour, Sebastian, ‘The Loss of Empire: Regeneration and the Forging of the Myth of National Identity’, in Graham, Helen, and Jo Labanyi (eds.). Spanish Cultural Studies : An Introduction : the Struggle for Modernity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995, pp. 25-31.

Blinkhorn, Martin, “Spain, the Spanish Problem and the Imperial Myth.” Journal of Contemporary History. 15, no. 1 (January 1980), pp. 5-25.

Harrison, Joseph, “Catalan Business and the Loss of Cuba, 1898-1914.” The Economic History Review, 2nd Series, 27, no. 3 (1974), pp. 431-441.

García Delgado, José Luis (ed), La crisis de la Restauración : España, entre la Primera Guerra Mundial y la Segunda República : II Coloquio de Segovia sobre Historia Contemporánea de España. Madrid: Siglo XXI, 1986.

Gonzalez Martín, Jesús, "'Neither God nor Monster': Antonio Maura and the Failure of Conservative Reformism in Restoration Spain", European history quarterly., vol. 32, no. 2 (2002), pp. 307-334.

Harrison, Joseph, “The Regenerationist Movement in Spain after the Disaster of 1898.” European Studies Review. 9, no. 1 (January 1979), pp. 1-27.

Harrison, Joseph, and Alan Hoyle, Spain's 1898 Crisis : Regenerationism, Modernism, Post-Colonialism. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000. (Introduction and chapter by Harrison)

Moradiellos, Enrique, “1898: A Colonial Disaster Foretold”, ACIS. 6, no. 2, (1993), pp. 33-38.

Moreno-Luzón, Javier, Modernizing the nation : Spain during the reign of Alfonso XIII, 1902-1931. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2012.

Romero-Salvadó, Francisco, The foundations of civil war : revolution, social conflict and reaction in liberal Spain, 1916-1923 . London: Routledge, 2008.

Romero Salvadó, Francisco J. & Angel Smith (eds.), The Agony of Spanish Liberalism : From Revolution to Dictatorship 1913-23, Basingstoke/New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 201.

Romero Salvadó, Francisco J. (2012). “Antonio Maura: From Messiah to ‘Firefighter’”, in A. Quiroga and M. Ángel Arco (eds), Right-wing Spain in the Civil War era : soldiers of God and apostles of the Fatherland, 1914-1945. London: Continuum, 2012, pp. 1-22.

Serrano, Carlos, Final del imperio : España, 1895-1898. Madrid: Siglo XXI, 1984. 

Smith, Angel, 'The Catalan Counter-revolutionary Coalition and the Primo de Rivera Coup, 1917-23, European history quarterly. , 37 (1), 2007, pp. 7-34.

Varela Ortega, José, “Aftermath of Splendid Disaster: Spanish Politics before and after the Spanish-American war of 1898.” Journal of Contemporary History. 15, No. 2 (April 1980), pp. 317-344.

Top of page

The Primo de Rivera Dictatorship (1923-1930)

Ben-Ami, Shlomo, Fascism from above : the Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera in Spain, 1923-1930, Oxford/New York: Clarendon Press/Oxford University Press, 1983.

Carr, Raymond, ‘The dictatorship of Primo de Rivera and the Fall of the Monarchy, 1923-31’, in Raymond Carr, Spain 1808-1975, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982, pp. 564-602.

Moreno-Luzón, Javier, Modernizing the nation : Spain during the reign of Alfonso XIII, 1902-1931. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2012.

Quiroga, Alejandro, Making Spaniards : Primo de Rivera and the Nationalization of the Masses, 1923-30, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007

Moreno-Luzón, Javier, Modernizing the nation : Spain during the reign of Alfonso XIII, 1902-1931. (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2012)

Tamames, Ramón & Xavier Casals, Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja, Barcelona: Ediciones B, 2004

Top of page

The Second Republic and Civil War(1931-1939)

Alpert, Michael, A New International History of the Spanish Civil War . London: Macmillan, 1994.

Blinkhorn, Martin, Democracy and civil war in Spain 1931-1939 . London: Routledge, 1988.

Blinkhorn, Martin (ed), Spain in conflict 1931-1939 : democracy and its enemies. London: Sage, 1986.

Blinkhorn, Martin, "Conservatism, Traditionalism and Fascism in Spain, 1898-1937, in Martin Blinkhorn (ed), Fascists and conservatives : the radical right and the establishment in twentieth-century Europe. London: Unwin Hyman, 1990.

Canal, Jordi, (ed.) Las guerras civiles en la España contemporánea, Revista Ayer, Número 55 (2004) (Free access to its content at https://web.archive.org/web/20100127043745/http://www.ahistcon.org/317.htm Please scroll down to find it.).

Carr, Raymond, The Spanish Tragedy : the Civil War in Perspective . Phoenix AZ: Phoenix, 2000.

Casanova, Julián , The Spanish Republic and Civil War , London: CUP, 2010.

Ealham, Chris, and Michael Richard, The splintering of Spain : cultural history and the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Esenwein, George, and Adrian Shubert, Spain at War : the Spanish Civil War in Context, 1931-1939, London: Longman, 1995.

Graham, Helen, and Jo Labanyi (eds.), “The Failure of Democratic Modernisation, 1931-1939”, section 3 of Spanish Cultural Studies: An Introduction . Oxford: OUP, 1995.

Graham, Helen, The Spanish Republic at War, 1936-1939, Cambridge: CUP, 2002.

Graham, Helen, "The Spanish Popular Front and the Civil War", in Helen Graham and Paul Preston (eds), The Popular front in Europe. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1987, pp. 106-30.

Graham, Helen, The Spanish Civil War : a Very Short Introduction . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Jackson, Gabriel, The Spanish Republic and Civil War. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1965.

Jackson, Gabriel, "The Azaña Regime in Perspective: (Spain, 1931-1933)", The American Historical Review, vol. LXIV, no. 2, January 1959, pp. 282-300.

Jackson, Gabriel, "The Spanish Popular Front, 1934-7", Journal of Contemporary History, vol. 5 no. 3, July 1970, pp. 21-35

Moradiellos, Enrique (ed.), "La Guerra Civil", Ayer, No. 50, 2003 (Free access to its content at: https://web.archive.org/web/20100127043745/http://www.ahistcon.org/317.htm. Please scroll down to find it).

Payne, Stanley, Spain's first Democracy : the Second Republic, 1931-1936, Phoenix AZ: Phoenix, 2000

Lannon, Frances, Privilege, Persecution, and Prophecy : the Catholic Church in Spain, 1875-1975, Clarendon: Oxford University Press, 1987

Preston, Paul, The Coming of the Spanish Civil War , 2nd ed (London: Methuen, 1983).

Preston, Paul, A Concise History of the Spanish Civil War, Fontana Press, Harper Collins: 1996.

Preston, Paul (ed.), Revolution and War in Spain 1931-1939, York: Methuen, 1984

Preston, Paul, and Anne Mackenzie (eds), The Republic besieged : Civil War in Spain 1936-1939 (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1996).

Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, London: Penguin 2003 (4th edition).

Manuel Tunón de Lara, Tres claves de la Segunda República : la cuestión agraria, los aparatos del estado, Frente Popular. Madrid: Alianza, 1985.

Top of page

The Franco Regime (1939-75)

General Works

Abella, Rafael, La vida cotidiana en España bajo el régimen de Franco, Barcelona: Argos Vergara, 1985

Alvarez Junco, José and Adrian Shubert (eds.), Spanish History since 1808, London: Arnold, 2000

Balfour, Sebastian and Paul Preston (eds.), Spain and the Great Powers in the Twentieth Century, London: Routledge, 1999

Balfour, Sebastian, ‘Spain from 1931 to the Present’, in Raymond Carr (ed .), Spain : A History, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000

Ben-Ami, Shlomo, La revolución desde arriba : España 1936-1979, Barcelona: Riopiedras, 1980

Carr, Raymond & Juan Pablo Fusi, Spain: Dictatorship to Democracy, 2nd ed., Oxford: OUP, 1982

Cazorla Sánchez, Antonio, Fear and Progress : Ordinary Lives in Franco's Spain, 1939-1975, Chichester/Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010

Fontana, Josep (ed.), España bajo el franquismo, Barcelona: Crítica, 2000

Fusi, Juan Pablo, Franco, Madrid: Taurus, 1996

García Delgado, J.L. (ed.), Franquismo. El juicio de la historia, Madrid: Temas de Hoy, 2005

Graham, Helen, War and its Shadow : Spain's Civil War in Europe's Long Twentieth Century, Brighton: Sussex Academic, 2012

Graham, Helen & Jo Labanyi (eds.), Spanish Cultural Studies : An Introduction, Parts III and IV, Oxford: OUP, 1995

Grugel, Jean & Tim Rees, Franco's Spain, London: Arnold, 1997

Hooper, John, The New Spaniards, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1995

Moradiellos, Enrique, La España de Franco (1939-1975) : política y sociedad, Madrid: Síntesis, 2000

Payne, Stanley, The Franco Regime, Madison/London: Wisconsin UP, 1987

Preston, Paul (ed), Spain in Crisis : The Evolution and Decline of the Franco régime, Brighton: Harvester, 1976

Preston, Paul, The Politics of Revenge. Fascism and the Military in Twentieth Century Spain, London: Routledge, 1990

Preston, Paul, Franco: A Biography, London: Harper Collins, 1993

Preston, Paul, The Spanish Holocaust : Inquisition and Extermination in Twentieth-Century Spain, New York/London: W.W. Norton & Co., 2012

Reig Tapia, Alberto, Memoria de la Guerra Civil : los mitos de la tribu, Madrid: Alianza, 1999

Romero, Francisco J., Twentieth Century Spain : Politics and Society in Spain 1898-1998, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1999, ch.6.

Tusell, Javier, La dictadura de Franco, Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 1988. 

Tusell, Javier, La España de Franco : el poder, la oposición y la política exterior durante el franquismo, Madrid: Historia 16, 1989

Tusell, Javier & Genoveva García Queipo de Llano, Carrero : la eminencia gris del régimen de Franco, Madrid: Temas de Hoy, 1993

Tusell, Javier, el al, El régimen de Franco (1936-1975) : política y relaciones exteriores, 2 vols. Madrid: Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, 1993.

Franco’s Spain, the European Right and European Fascism

Blinkhorn, Martin, Fascism and the Right in Europe, 1919-1945, Harlow: Longman, 2000.

Blinkhorn, Martin (ed.), Fascists and Conservatives : the Radical Right and the Establishment in Twentieth-Century Europe, London: Unwin Hyman, 1990

Payne, Stanley, A History of Fascism, 1914-1945, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1995

Payne, Stanley, Fascism in Spain, 1923-1977, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1999

Linz, Juan José, ‘An Authoritarian Regime: Spain’, in E. Allardt & Y. Littunen (eds.), Cleavages, Ideologies, and Party Systems : Contributions to Comparative Political Sociology, Helsinki: Transactions of the Westermaark Society, 1964

Bibliographies and Works on General Franco

Ellwood, Sheelagh M., Franco, Harlow: Longman, 2000

Preston, Paul, Franco, London: HarperCollins, 1993

Moradiellos, Enrique, Francisco Franco : crónica de un caudillo casi olvidado, Madrid: Biblioteca Nueva, 2002

Fusi, Juan Pablo, Franco, Madrid: Taurus, 1996

Preston, Paul, "Franco the Patient Dictator’ and ‘Franco and the Second World War", in History today, November 1985

Preston, Paul, "El discreto encanto del General Franco", ACIS., 4, 1, Spring, 1989.

The ‘Families’ of the Franco Regime

The military

Preston, Paul, "Decay, Division, and the Defence of Dictatorship: The Military and Politics, 1939-1975", in Frances Lannon and Paul Preston (eds), Élites and power in twentieth-century Spain : essays in honour of Sir Raymond Carr.

Bañón Martínez, Rafael & Thomas M. Barker, Armed Forces and Society in Spain Past and Present, Columbia University Press: New York, 1988

Busquets, Julio, El militar de carrera en España, Barcelona: Ariel, 1984

The Church

Callahan, William J., The Catholic Church in Spain, 1875-1998: Washington DC: Catholic University of America Press, 2000

Lannon, Francis, Privilege, Persecution, and Prophecy : the Catholic Church in Spain, 1875-1975, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987

Brassloff, Audrey, Religion and Politics in Spain : the Spanish Church in Transition, 1962-96., Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1998

Casanova, Julián, La iglesia de Franco, Madrid: Temas de Hoy, 2001

Cooper, Norman, "The Church: From Crusade to Christianity", in Paul Preston (ed), Spain in Crisis : the Evolution and Decline of the Franco Régime.

Gómez Pérez, R., El franquismo y la Iglesia, Madrid: Ediciones Rialp, 1986

The Falange

Balfour, Sebastian, "From Warriers to Functionaries: The Falangist Syndicalist Elite, 1939–1976", in Preston, Paul, and Frances Lannon (eds.), Élites and Power in Twentieth-Century Spain, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989

Ellwood, Sheelagh, Spanish Fascism in the Franco Era: Falange Espanola de las JONS, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1987

Ellwood, Sheelagh, "Falange Española and the Creation of the New State", European History Quarterly, 20, no. 2, April 1990, pp. 209-225

Linz, Juan José, "From Falange to Movimiento Organización", in S. Huntington & C. Moore (eds.), Authoritarian Politics in Modern society : the Dynamics of Established One-Party Systems, New York: Basic Books, 1970

Preston, Paul, "Populism and Parasitism: The Falange and the Spanish Establishment, 1939–1975", in Martin Blinkhorn (ed.), Fascists and Conservatives : The Radical Right and the Establishment in Twentieth-Century Europe, London: Unwin Hyman, 1990

The Francoist Economy

Anderson, Charles W., The Political Economy of Modern Spain : Policy-Making in an Authoritarian System, Madison/London: University of Wisconsin Press, 1970

Harrison, Joseph, An Economic History of Modern Spain, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1978

Harrison, Joseph, The Spanish Economy from the Civil War to the European Community, London: Macmillan, 1993

Fontana, J. and J Nadal, "Spain, 1914-1970", in the Fontana Economic History of Europe Contemporary economies, 2.

Lieberman, S., The Contemporary Spanish Economy : a Historical Perspective, London: Allen & Unwin, 1982

Tortella Casares, Gabriel, The Development of Modern Spain : An Economic History of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, Cambridge, Mass./London: Harvard University Press, 2000.

Gender, Women and Sexuality in Francoist Spain

Alcalde, Carmen, Mujeres en el Franquismo : exiliadas, nacionalistas y opositoras, Barcelona: Flor del Viento, 1996

Alonso Tejada, Luis, La represión sexual en la España de Franco, Barcelona: L. de Caralt, 1977

Arnalte, Arturo, Redada de violetas : la represión de los homosexuales durante el franquismo, Madrid: Esfera de los Libros, 2003

Beadman, Clive, ‘“Cimentada en el sillar firmísimo de la familia cristiana” and “Viudas de medio pelo”: Illicit prostitution in 1940s Spain’, International journal of Iberian studies, 13(3), 2000, pp. 157-166

Brooksbank Jones, Anny, "Work, Women, and the Family: A Critical Perspective", in Helen Graham & Jo Labanyi (eds.), Spanish Cultural Studies, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995, pp. 386-393

Brooksbank Jones, Anny, Women in Contemporary Spain, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1997

Bunk, Brian D., Ghosts of passion : martyrdom, gender, and the origins of the Spanish Civil War, Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2007

González Duro, Enrique, Las rapadas : El franquismo contra la mujer, Madrid: Siglo XXI, 2012

Graham, Helen, "Women and Social Change", in Helen Graham & Jo Labanyi (eds.), Spanish Cultural Studies : an Introduction :, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995, pp. 99-116

Guereña, Jean-Louis, La prostitución en la España contemporánea, Madrid: Marcial Pons, 2003

Martín Gaite, Carmen, Usos amorosos de la postguerra española, Barcelona: Anagrama, 1987

Montero, Rosa, "The Silent Revolution: The Social and Cultural Advances of Women in Democratic Spain", in Helen Graham & Jo Labanyi (eds.), Spanish Cultural Studies, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995, pp. 381-385

Morcillo, Aurora G., True Catholic Womanhood : Gender Ideology in Franco's Spain, DeKalb, Illinois: Northern Illinois University Press, 1999

Nash, Mary, "Pronatalism and motherhood in Franco's Spain", in Gisela Bock & Pat Thane (eds.), Maternity and Gender policies : Women and the Rise of the European Welfare States, 1880s-1950s, London: Routledge, 1991

Nash, Mary, "Towards a new moral order: National Catholicism, culture and gender", in J. Alvarez Junco & A. Shubert (eds.), Spanish History since 1808, London: Arnold, 2000, pp. 289-300

Núñez Díaz-Balart, Mirta, Mujeres caídas : prostitutas legales y clandestinas en el franquismo, Madrid: Oberón, 2003

Olmeda, Fernando, El látigo y la pluma : homosexuales en la España de Franco, Madrid: Oyeron, 2004

Pavlovic, Tatiana, "The despotic body: Raza, espíritu de Franco (1939-1952)", in Despotic bodies and transgressive bodies : Spanish culture from Francisco Franco to Jesús Franco, Albany: State University of New York Press, 2003

Regueillet, A-G., "Norma sexual y comportamientos cotidianos en los diez primeros años del Franquismo: noviazgo y sexualidad", Hispania, 218, 2004, pp. 1027-1042

Threlfall, Monica, "The women's movement in Spain", New left review, 151, May-June, 1985

Scanlon, Geraldine M., La polémica feminista en la España contemporánea : (1868-1974), Madrid: Siglo XXI, 1976

Vázquez García, Francisco & Andrés Moreno Mengíbar, Sexo y razón : una genealogía de la moral sexual en España (siglos XVI-XX), Madrid: Ediciones Akal, 1997

Vincent, Mary, "The Martyrs and the Saints: Masculinity and the Construction of the Francoist Crusade", History Workshop Journal, 47, 1999, pp. 69-98

Vincent, Mary, "Camisas Nuevas: Style and Uniformity in the Falange Española 1933-43", in W. Parkins (ed.), Fashioning the Body Politic : Dress, Gender, Citizenship, Oxford/New York: Berg, 2002, pp. 167-251

Vinyes, Ricardo, "Las desapariciones infantiles durante el franquismo y sus consecuencias", International journal of Iberian studies, 19 (1), 2006, pp. 53-71

The Leftist Opposition to Francoism

General Works

Linz, Juan José, "Opposition in and under an Authoritarian Regime: The Case of Spain", in R. A. Dahl (ed.), Regimes and oppositions. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1974

Preston, Paul, "The Anti-Francoist Opposition: The Long March to Unity", in Paul Preston (ed) , Spain in crisis : the evolution and decline of the Franco régime.

Tusell, Javier, La oposición democrática al franquismo, 1939-1962, Barcelona: Planeta, 1977

Tusell, Javier (ed, La oposición al régimen de Franco : estado de la cuestión y metodología de la investigación : actas del congreso internacional que, organizado por el Departamento de Historia Contemporánea de la UNED, tuvo lugar en Madrid, del 19 al 22 de octubre de 1988. Madrid: UNED, 1990.

The Guerrilla movement

Cowan, Andrew, "The Guerilla War against Franco", European History Quarterly, 20, no. 2, April 1990, pp. 227-253

The working class

Amsden, J., Collective Bargaining and Class Conflict in Spain, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1972

Balfour, Sebastian, Dictatorship, Workers, and the City : Labour in Greater Barcelona since 1939, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989

Fishman, Robert M., "The Labour Movement in Spain: From Authoritarianism to Democracy", Comparative politics, 14, no. 3, April 1982, pp. 281-305

Fishman, Robert M., Working-Class Organization and the Return to Democracy in Spain, Ithaca: Cornill University Press, 1990

Foweraker, Joseph, Making Democracy in Spain : Grass-Roots Struggle in the South, 1955-1975, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Maravall, Jose Maria, Dictatorship and Political dissent : Workers and Students in Franco's Spain . London: Tavistock, 1978.

Martínez Lucio, Miguel, "Trade Unions and Communism in Spain: The Role of CC.OO. in the Political Project of the Left", The Journal of Communist Studies, 6, December 1990, pp. 80-99

Smith, Angel, "Spain", in Berger, Stefan & Broughton, David (eds)., The Force of Labour : the Western European Labour Movement and the Working Class in the Twentieth Century, Oxford: Berg, 1995

The Socialists

Gillespie, Richard, The Spanish Socialist Party : a history of factionalism, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989

Heywood, Paul, "Mirror-Images: The PCE and PSOE in the Transition to Democracy in Spain", West European politics, 10, no. 2, April 1987, pp. 193-210

Maravall, José María, "Spain: Eurocommunism and Socialism", Political studies, 27, no. 2, 1979, pp. 218-235

Preston, Paul, "The Decline and Resurgence of the Spanish Socialist Party during the Franco Regime", European history quarterly, 13, 2, April 1988, pp. 207-224

The Communists

Claudín, Fernando, The Communist movement : from Cominterm to Cominform, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1975

Hermet, Guy, The Communists in Spain : study of an underground political movement, Farnborough: Saxon House, 1974  

Heywood, Paul, "Mirror-Images: The PCE and PSOE in the Transition to Democracy in Spain", West European politics, 10, no. 2, April 1987, pp. 193-210

Maravall, José María, "Spain, Eurocommunism and Socialism", Political studies, 27, no. 2, 1979, pp. 218-235

Morán, Gregorio, Miseria y grandeza del Partido comunista de España 1939-1985, Barcelona: Planeta, 1986

Mujal-León, Eusebio, Communism and political change in Spain, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1983

Preston, Paul, "The PCE’s Long-Road to Democracy, 1954–1977", in R. Kindersley (ed.), In search of Eurocommunism, London: Macmillan, 1981

Preston, Paul, "The PCE and the Struggle for Democracy in Spain", in H. Machin (ed.), National communism in Western Europe : a third way to socialism?, London: Methuen, 1983

Semprún, Jorge, Communism in Spain in the Franco era : the autobiography of Federico Sanchez, Brighton: Harvester Press, 1980

The universities and student protest

Giner, Salvador, "Spain", in M. S. Archer (ed.), Students, university and society : a comparative sociological review, London: Heineman, 1972

Giner, Salvador, ‘Power, freedom and social change in the Spanish university, 1939-1975’, in Paul Preston, (ed.), Spain in crisis : the evolution and decline of the Franco régime.

Maravall, Jose Maria, Dictatorship and political dissent : workers and students in Franco's Spain . London: Tavistock, 1978. 

Basque and Catalan Nationalism

Watson, Cameron, Basque nationalism and political violence : the ideological and intellectual origins of ETA (Reno: University of Nevada Press, 2007).

Clark, Robert P., The Basques : the Franco years and beyond (Reno, 1979).

Clark, Robert P., The Basque insurgents : ETA, 1952-1980 (Madison, 1984).

Clark, Robert P, Negotiating with ETA : obstacles to peace in the Basque country, 1975-1988 (Reno, 1990).

Collins, Roger, The Basques ISBN: 0631134786 (Oxford, 1986).

Dowling, Andrew, "The reconstitution of political Catalanism, 1939-1975", in International journal of Iberian studies., vol. 14, no. 1 (2001), pp. 17-25. (HDC)

Dowling, Andrew, Catalonia since the Spanish Civil War : reconstructing the nation. (Brighton, 2013).

Elorza, Antonio (ed), La Historia de ETA (Madrid, 2000).

Gibernau i Berdun, Maria Montserra, Catalan nationalism : Francoism, transition, and democracy (London, 2004), chs 2 and 3.

Johnson, H, Tales of nationalism : Catalonia, 1939-1979, 1939-1979 (Newark, NJ, 1991).

Jones, Norman L., "The Catalan question since the Civil War", in Paul Preston (ed), Spain in crisis : the evolution and decline of the Franco régime (Brighton, 1976).

Sullivan, John, ETA and Basque nationalism : the flight from Euskadi, 1890-1986 (London, 1988).

Zirakzadeh, Cyrus Ernesto, A rebellious people : Basques, protests, and politics. (Reno, 1991).

Post Civil War Spain, 1939-58

Abella, Rafael, Por el imperio hacia Dios : crónica de una posguerra (1939-1955), Barcelona: Planeta, 1978

Alted, Alicia, La voz de los vencidos : el exilio republicano de 1939, Madrid: Aguilar, 2005

Anderson, Peter, The Francoist military trials : terror and complicity, 1939-1945, New York: Routledge, 2010

Cazorla Sánchez, Antonio, Fear and progress : ordinary lives in Franco's Spain, 1939-1975, Chichester/Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010

González Duro, Enrique, El miedo en la posguerra : Franco y la España derrotada : la política del exterminio, Madrid: Oberón, 2003

Molinero, C., M. Sala & J. Sobrequés (eds.), Una inmensa prisión : los campos de concentración y las prisiones durante la guerra civil y el franquismo, Barcelona: Crítica, 2003

Preston, Paul, "Franco and Hitler: The Myth of Hendaye 1940", Contemporary European history, 1, no. 1, March 1992, pp. 1-16.

"El primer franquismo", Ayer, no.33 (1999).

Richards, Michael, "Constructing the Nationalist State: Self-Sufficiency and Regeneration in the Early Franco Years", in Clare Mar-Molinero & Angel Smith (eds.), Nationalism and the nation in the Iberian Peninsula : competing and conflicting identities, Oxford: Berg, 1996

Richards, Michael, A time of silence : civil war and the culture of repression in Franco's Spain, 1936-1945, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998

Richards, Michael, ‘“Terror and Progress”: Industrialization, Modernity and the Making of Francoism’, in Helen Graham and Jo Labanyi (eds) Spanish cultural studies : an introduction : the struggle for modernity

Rodrigo, Javier, Cautivos : campos de concentración en la España franquista 1936-1947, Barcelona: Editorial Crítica, 2005

Smyth, Denis, "Franco and World War Two", History today, 35, November 1985, pp. 10-15

Tuñón de Lara, Manuel (ed.), El primer franquismo : España durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, 5th Coloquio de Segovia sobre Historia Contemporánea de España. 1987

Wingeate Pike, David, "Franco and the Axis Stigma", Journal of contemporary history, 17, no. 3, July 1982, pp. 369-407

The Franco Regime, 1959-1969

Balfour, Sebastian, "The desarrollo years, 1955-1975", in Alvarez Junco, José & Adrian Shubert (eds.), Spanish history since 1808, London: Arnold, 2000, pp. 277-288

Riquer, Borja de, "Social and Political Change in a Climate of Immobilism", in Helen Graham and Jo Labanyi (eds), Spanish Cultural Studies.

The Crisis of the Franco Regime. 1970-75

Amodia, José, Franco's political legacy : from dictatorship to façade democracy, London: Allen, 1977

Carr, Raymond, and Juan Pablo Fusi, Spain: Dictatorship to Democracy, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 198.

Mateos, Abdon & Alvaro Soto, El final del franquismo, 1959-1975 : la transformación de la sociedad española, Madrid: Historia 16, 199.

Powell, Charles T., "The 'Tácito' Group and the Transition to Demcracy, 1973-1977", in Frances Lannon & Paul Preston (eds.), Élites and power in twentieth-century Spain : essays in honour of Sir Raymond Carr, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990, pp. 249-268

Powell, Charles T., Juan Carlos of Spain : Self-Made Monarch, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1995

Preston, Paul, The Triumph of Democracy in Spain, London: Methuen, 1986

Townson, Nigel, Spain Transformed : the Late Franco dictatorship, 1959-75, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007

This list was last updated on 27/09/2018