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Module Reading List

Black Europe, 2019/20, Semester 1, 2
Dr Nina Wardleworth
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Black Europe MODL 2015/2016 Reading List

Module leader - Dr Nina Wardleworth (

Students are not expected to read all the items on this list, but rather to select from it items that are of particular interest to them. With that in mind, we have included a certain number of texts that are not available in English, for the benefit of those students with the requisite language skills. 

General module reading on Black Europe

Boulila, Stefanie C., Race in Post-racial Europe - An Intersectional Analysis, Rowman and Littlefield, 2019.

Clark Hine,Trica, Danielle Keaton, and Stephen Small, Black Europe and the African diaspora , Urbana : University of Illinois Press, c2009  See especially Stephan Small's introduction.   

Emejulu, Akwugo and Francesca Sobande, To Exist is to Resist - Black Feminism in Europe (London: Pluto Press, 2019)     

Hartman, Saidiya, Wayward Lives, Beautiful Experiments: Intimate Histories of Riotous Black Girls, Troublesome Women and Queer Radicals (Serpent's Tail, 2009) - See especially notes on method pp.viii to xvii   

Hondius, Dienke, Blackness in Western Europe : racial patterns of paternalism and exclusion , New York: Taylor and Francis, 2014  Please digitalise chapter 6 - Shoah and Empire: Race in Twentieth-Century Europe OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 25/09/2018) 

Martone, Eric et al. (eds), Encyclopedia of Blacks in European history and culture (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2009)

McEachrane, Michael, Afro-Nordic landscapes : equality and race in Northern Europe , New York: Routledge, 2014 - ebook

Pitts, Johny, Afropean - Notes from Black Europe, Allen Lane, 2019.

Rosenhaft, Eve and Robbie Aitken, Africa in Europe : studies in transnational practice in the long twentieth century , Liverpool : Liverpool University Press, 2013 - ebook    

Saini, Angela, Superior: The return of race science, Fourth Estate, 2019.

Stephan Small, 20 questions and answers on Black Europe , The Hague, Amrit Publishers, 2017  Chapter 1 - What is Black Europe (today)? OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 25/09/2018) 

Stephan Small, Theorizing visibility and vulnerability in Black Europe and the African diaspora, Ethnic and racial studies., 41:6 (2018), 1182-1197

See Black Europe playlist on BoB - (log in with University username and password)

Classical period

The Black Athena controversy and race in antiquity

Bernal, Martin. 1987. Black Athena, Vol.1: The fabrication of Ancient Greece, 1785-1985 . London: Free Association.

Bernal, Martin. 1991. Black Athena, Vol. 2: The archaeological and documentary evidence New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. 1991.

Diop, Cheikh Anta. Civilization or barbarism : an authentic anthropology . Tr. Yaa Lengi meema Ngemi. Edited by Harold J. Salemson and Marjolijn de Jager. New York: Lawrence Hill. 1991.

Hall, Jonathan M. 1997. Ethnic Identity in Greek Antiquity ISBN: 052158017X (pbk) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lefkowitz, Mary R. and Guy MacLean Rogers. 1977. Black Athena revisited . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Lincoln, Bruce. 1999. Theorizing myth: narrative, ideology and scholarship ISBN: 0226482022. Chicago and London: Chicago University Press.

McCoskey, Denise. Race: antiquity and its legacy ISBN: 1848851580 (pbk) London and New York: I. B. Tauris.

Moore, David Chioni (ed.). 2001. Black Athena writes back : Martin Bernal responds to his critics . Durham: Duke University Press.

Orrells, Daniel, Tessa Roynon and Gurminder Bhambra (ed.), 2011 African Athena: New Agendas ISBN: 0199595006. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Snowden, Frank M. Jr. 1970. Blacks in antiquity: Ethiopians in the Greco-Roman ExperienceISBN: 0674076257 (pbk) Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Snowden, Frank M. Jr. 1983. Before color prejudice : the ancient view of blacks . Cambridge MA.: Harvard University Press.

Vlassopoulos, K. 2010. Greeks and barbarians . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Classical reception, myth, race, colonialism and imperialism and Black Europe

Baker-White, Robert. 1993. 'The Politics of Ritual in Wole Soyinka's Bacchae of Euripides'. Comparative Drama 27.3 (1993): 377-398. 

Bradley, Mark (ed.) 2010. Classics and imperialism in the British empire . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Evaristo, Bernardine. 2002. The Emperor's babe: a novel ISBN: 0140297812. London: Penguin.

Fraden, Rena. 2001. Imagining Medea : Rhodessa Jones and theater for incarcerated women. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Goff, Barbara. (ed.) 2005. Classics and Colonialism ISBN: 0715633112. London: Duckworth.

Goff, B. and M. Simpson. 2007. Crossroads in the black Aegean : Oedipus, Antigone, and dramas of the African diaspora . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Greenwood, Emily. 2010. Afro-Greeks: Dialogue Between Anglophone Caribbean Literature and Classics in the Twentieth CenturyISBN: 0199575244. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hardwick, Lorna and Carol Gillespie. 2007. Classics in Post-Colonial WorldsOxford: Oxford University Press.

McConnell, J. 2013. Black odysseys : the Homeric Odyssey in the African diaspora since 1939 . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McConnell, J. 2016. 'Crossing Borders: Bernardine Evaristo's The Emperor's Babe'. Callaloo39.1 (2016): 103-114.

Moyer, I, A. Lecznar and H. Morse eds. 2020. Classicisms in the Black Atlantic. Oxford: Oxford University Press.   

Nouryeh, Andreah. 2001. 'Soyinka's Euripides: Postcolonial Resistance or Avant-Garde Adaptation?' Research in African Literatures. 32.4 (2001): 160-171. 

Okpewho, Isidore. 1999. 'Soyinka, Euripides, and the Anxiety of Empire'. Research in African Literatures. 30.4 (1999): 32-55. 

Roynon, Tessa. 2013. Toni Morrison & The Classical Tradition: Transforming American Culture ISBN: 0199698684. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Soyinka, Wole. 1973. The Bacchae of Euripides: A Communion Rite ISBN: 041330020X. London: Methuen.

Taplin, Oliver. 1994. “Derek Walcott’s Omeros and Derek Walcott’s Homer.” In Achilles : paradigms of the war hero from Homer to the middle ages . Edited by King, K. C. New York: Garland, pp. 311-23. 

Von Rosenberg, Ingrid. 2010. 'If ... Bernardine Evaristo's Gendered Reconstruction of Black European History'. Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik 58.4 (2010): 381-95. 

Walcott, Derek. 1990. Omeros . London: Faber and Faber.

Walcott, Derek. 1992. The Odyssey : a stage version . London: Faber and Faber.

Wetmore, Kevin J. Jr. 2001. The Athenian sun in an African sky : modern African adaptations of classical Greek tragedyJefferson: McFarland.

Wetmore, Kevin J. Jr. 2003. Black Dionysus : Greek tragedy and African American theatre . Jefferson, N. Carolina and London: McFarland and Co.

Wetmore, Kevin J. Jr. 2013. Black Medea : adaptations for modern plays . Cambria Studies in Contemporary Global Performing Arts.

Weyenberg, Astrid van. 2013. The politics of adaptation: contemporary African drama and Greek tragedy ISBN: 9042037007. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi.


Black German experience in Nazi Germany

Aitken, R. (2010). Surviving in the Metropole: The struggle for work and belonging amongst African colonial migrants in Weimar Germany. Immigrants & minorities. , 28(2-3), 203-223
al-Samarai, N. (2004). Neither foreigners nor aliens: the interwoven stories of Sinti and Roma and Black Germans. In Women in German Yearbook (Vol. 20). University of Nebraska Press.
Ayim, M., Oguntoye, K., & Schultz, D. (1992). Showing our colors : Afro-German women speak out . Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.

Campt, T. (2003). Converging Spectres of an Other within: Race and Gender in Prewar Afro-German History. Callaloo. , 26(2), 322-341

Campt, T. Campt, Other Germans : black Germans and the politics of race, gender, and memory in the Third Reich (University of Michigan, 2004)

El-Tayeb, Fatima. 'If You Cannot Pronounce My Name, You Can Just Call Me Pride' Afro-German Activism, Gender, and Hip Hop" Gender & History 15/3 (2003): 459-485

Ege, M., & Andrew Wright Hurley. (2015). Survey Essay 1. Periodizing and Historicizing German Afro-Americanophilia: From Antebellum to Postwar (1850-1965). PORTAL: Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies12(2).

Ege, M., & Hurley, A. (2015). Survey Essay 2. Periodizing and Historicizing German Afro-Americanophilia: From Counterculture to Post-soul (1968-2005). Portal12(2).
Florvil, T. (2018). Rethinking black German studies : approaches, interventions and histories . Oxford: Peter Lang.

Hodges, C. (2001). The Color of Blood: Black German Writers and Racial Integration. Synthesis. : An Interdisciplinary Journal6, 51–64

Höhn, Maria and Martin Klimke, A breath of freedom : the civil rights struggle, African American GIs, and Germany (Palgrave, 2010)

Honeck, Mischa, Martin Klimke, and Anne Kuhlmann (eds), Germany and the black diaspora : points of contact, 1250-1914 (Berghahn, 2013) [GBD] 

Kraft, M. (Eds.). (2019). Children of the Liberation. Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang UK.

Lennox, Sara (2016). Remapping Black Germany. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press. (Especially chps 6, 7, 9, 10 on the Nazi period)

Lindhout, A. E. (2006). Hans J. Massaquoi’s Destined to Witness as an Autobiographical Act of Identity Formation. COPAS : Current Objectives of Postgraduate American Studies , 7

Lusane, Clarence, Hitler's black victims : the historical experiences of Afro-Germans, European Blacks, Africans, and African Americans in the Nazi era (Routledge, 2003)

Martone, Eric et al. (eds), Encyclopedia of Blacks in European history and culture (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2009)

* Massaquoi, Hans Jürgen , Destined to witness : growing up black in Nazi Germany (HarperCollins, 2001)  

Mazon, Patricia and Reinhild Steingrover (eds), Not so plain as black and white : Afro-German culture and history, 1890-2000 (Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2009). 

Michael, Theodor. Black German: An Afro-German Life in the Twentieth Century. Translated by Eve Rosenhaft, Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2017

Mehring, F. (2009). "Bigger in Nazi Germany": Transcultural confrontations of Richard Wright and Hans Jürgen Massaquoi. Black scholar. , 39(1-2), 63-71

Nenno, N. P. (2016). Reading the “Schwarz” in the “Schwarz-Rot-Gold”: Black German Studies in the 21st Century. Transit10(2)

Nganang, P. (2005). Autobiographies of Blackness in Germany. In E. Ames, M. Klotz, & L. Wildenthal (Eds.), Germany's colonial pasts  (pp. 227–239). Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska, Lincoln  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 18/10/2018) 

Roos, J. (2016). An Afro-German Microhistory: Gender, Religion, and the Challenges of Diasporic Dwelling. Central European History, 49(2), 240-260. doi:10.1017/S0008938916000340
Rotaru, A. (2017). May Ayim and Diasporic Poetics. The Germanic Review: Literature, Culture, Theory, 92(1), 86–107.

Wright, M. (2003). Others-from-within from without: Afro-German Subject Formation and the Challenge of a Counter-Discourse. Callaloo. , 26(2), 296-305


Ait Ben Lmadani Fatima and Moujoud Nasima (2012), “Peut-on faire de l’intersectionnalité sans les ex-colonisé-e-s ?,” Mouvements, n°72, vol.4. Available online

Arora, Anupama, and Sandrine Sanos. 2020. "Ouvrir La Voix (Speak Up/Make Your Way): A Conversation with Amandine Gay." Journal of Feminist Scholarship 16 (Fall): 17-38. 10.23860/jfs.2019.16.02.

Baril Alexandre (2017), “Intersectionality, Lost in Translation? (Re)thinking Inter-sections between Anglophone and Francophone Intersectionality”, Atlantis, 38-1, p. 125-137. Available online

Bass, L. (2014). African Immigrant Families in Another France. (Palgrave Macmillan)

Beaman, Jean, ‘Are French People White?: Towards an Understanding of Whiteness in Republican France’, Identities (2018), DOI: 10.1080/1070289X.2018.1543831.

Beriss, David, Black Skins, French Voices: Caribbean Ethnicity and Activism in Urban France (Boulder, CO: Westview, 2004)

Boittin Jennifer, Colonial Metropolis. The Urban Grounds of Anti-Imperialism and Feminism in Interwar Paris (Lincoln & Londres, University of Nebraska Press, 2010)

Bucur, Christine, A mould-breaking cabinet? changes and continuities in the formation of the 2017 french government. French politics. 15(3), 2017, 340-359. doi:

Constant, F, ‘Black France’ and the national identity debate: how best to be black and French. In: Keaton, TD, Sharpley-Whiting, TD, Stovall, T (eds) Black France / France noire : the history and politics of blackness . Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2012, 123–44.  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 25/09/2018) 

Delphy Christine, Un universalisme si particulier. Féminisme et exception française, 1980-2010 (Paris, Éditions Syllepse, 2010)

Ouvrir la voix/ Speak up (Amandine Gay, 2017)  

Garrett, Amanda. An easy concession or meaningful representation? Minority women in french politics. French politics. , 15(2), 2017, 166-186. doi: 

Germain, Félix, Decolonizing the Republic: African and Caribbean in Postwar Paris, 1946-1974 (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2016)

Germain, Felix, Black French women and the struggle for equality, 1848-2016 . Durham, NC: University of Nebraska Press, 2018.  The End of Silence: On the Revival of Afrofeminism in Contemporary France - Silyane Larcher OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 25/09/2018) 

Gueye, Abdoulaye, The labyrinth to blackness: On naming and leadership in the black associative space in France, French cultural studies. , Vol 24, Issue 2, pp. 196 - 207

Gueye, A, Breaking the Silence: The Emergence of a Black Collective Voice in France. Du Bois review : social science research on race. ,7(1), 2010, 81-102. 

Joseph-Gabriel, Annette K., Reimagining Liberation - How Black Women transformed citizenship in the French Empire. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2019.  

Keaton, TD, Sharpley-Whiting, TD, Stovall, T (eds) Black France / France noire : the history and politics of blackness . Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2012.

Mitchell, Robin. Venus noire: black women and colonial fantasies in nineteenth-century France. Athens, GA : The University of Georgia Press, 2019.    

Murphy, David, The Emergence of a Black France, 1985–2015: History, Race and Identity, Nottingham French studies. , 2/2015, Volume 54, Issue 3

Murray, Rainbow, The Political Representation of Ethnic Minority Women in France, Parliamentary affairs. , Volume 69, Issue 3, 1 July 2016, Pages 586–602,

Mariannes noires (Mame-Fatou Niang & Kaytie Nielsen, 2016) - 

Musil-Church, Emily, In search of Seven Sisters. A Biography of the Nardal Sisters of Martinique (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 2013) Callaloo. , Volume 36, number 2, 2013 

Simon, P (2008) The choice of ignorance: the debate on ethnic and racial statistics in France. French politics, culture & society. 26(1): 7–31

Sabbagh, D, Peer, S (2008) French color blindness in perspective: the controversy over statistiques ethniquesFrench politics, culture & society. 26(1): 1–6.

Thomas, Dominic, Black France : colonialism, immigration, and transnationalism , Bloomington : Indiana University Press, c2007.  Introduction : Black France in transcolonial contexts OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 25/09/2018) 


Ballesteros, Isolina (2005) Screening African Immigration to Spain: Las cartas de Alou and Bwana. Chasqui. , 34(2): 48-61. 

Berger, Verena, Winkler, Daniel (2012) Mediterranean Perspectives: Early Spanish and Italian Contributions to the Cinema of Irregular Migration (Giordana, Marra, Soler, Uribe). Cinemas (Montreal) , 22(2-3): 159-77. 

Carrasco Carpio, Concepción (2017) Immigration and Economic Crisis: An Analysis of the Impact in Spain (2007-2013). Critical sociology. , 43(7-8): 1161-77. 

Faszer-McMahon, Debra, Ketz, Victoria L. (eds) African immigrants in contemporary Spanish texts : crossing the strait , London: Routledge, 2016.

Green, Stuart (2011) (Re)Casting the Spanish Nation: The "Othering" of Emilio Buale. Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies , 12(2): 197-215.

Green, Stuart (2013) The Musical Routes of the Spanish Black Atlantic: The Performance of Identities in the Rap of Frank T and El Chojin. Popular music and society. , 36(4): 505-22.

Reher, David, Requena, Miguel (2009) The National Immigrant Survey of Spain: A New Data Source for Migration Studies. Demographic research [electronic resource]. , 20: 253-78.

Santaolalla, Isabel (1999) Close Encounters: Racial Otherness in Imanol Uribe's Bwana.Bulletin of Hispanic studies.. 76(1): 111-22.

Santaolalla, Isabel, Ethnic and Racial Configurations in Contemporary Spanish Culture. In Labanyi, Jo (ed.) Constructing identity in contemporary Spain : theoretical debates and cultural practice . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002, 55-71.  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 25/09/2018) 

Viewing for seminar: Bwana [videorecording]. (Imanoal Uribe, 1996)   

Black Muslims in Britain

Andrews, K. (2018) Back to black : retelling black radicalism for the 21st century . London: Zed Books.

Taylor, K. (2016) From #BlackLivesMatter to Black liberation . Chicago: Haymart Books.

Hill Collins, P (2000) Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness and the Politics of Empowerment. London: Routledge.

Fanon, F. (2004) The Wretched of the EarthNew York: Grove Press.

Hirsch, A. (2018) Brit(ish) : on race, identity and belonging . London: Vintage Books.

Bhattacharyya, G. (2008) Dangerous Brown Men: Exploiting Sex, Violence and Feminism in the War on TerrorLondon: Zed Books.

Reddie, R. Black Muslims in Britain : Why Are a Growing Number of Young Black People Converting to Islam? Oxford: Lion Book.

Sayyid, S. & Vakil, A (edits) (2010) Thinking through Islamophobia : global perspectives . London: Hurst & Company

Black Britain

Akala, Natives: Race and Class in the Ruins of Empire, Two roads, 2018.

Boakye, Jeffrey, Black listed: Black British Culture explored, Dialogue Books, 2019.

Gilroy, Paul, There Ain't no Black in the Union Jack, Routledge, 2002.

Herbert, Emily. (2018). Black British Women Filmmakers in the Digital Era: New Production Strategies and Re-Presentations of Black Womanhood, Open Cultural Studies2(1), 191-202. doi:

Olusoga, David, Black and British : a forgotten history (London: Pan Books, 2017)  please digitalise Chapter 14 - 'Swamped' OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 25/09/2018) 

Palmer, Lisa and Kehinde Andrews, Blackness in Britain (London: Routledge, 2016) -ebook.

Barbara Korte, Eva Ulrike Pirker, Black history, white history : Britain's historical programme between Windrush and Wilberforce (Piscataway, NJ : Transaction, c2011).   

Black Italy

Giuliani, Gaia, Race, Nation and Gender in Modern Italy: Intersectional Representations in Visual Culture (Palgrave Macmillan, 2019)

Lowe, Kate. 2013. “Visible Lives: Black Gondoliers and Other Black Africans in Renaissance Venice.” Renaissance Quarterly 66 (2): 412–52.


Stratton, Jon, When music migrates : crossing British and European racial faultlines, 1945-2010 (Burlington, VT : Ashgate, 2014)

Blackness, Nature & the Environmental Fracture

Ferdinand, Malcom. 2019. Une écologie décoloniale : Penser l’écologie depuis le monde caribéen. Paris : Seuil.

Césaire, Aimé. 2000. Discourse on Colonialism. New York: Monthly Review Press.

Walton, Samantha. 2017. “Race Equality and Nature: What’s Happening in Bristol”. 7 February 2017. AHRC: Cultures of Nature and Wellbeing: Connecting Health and the Environment through Literature.

Walton, Samantha. “Social Difference and Nature”. 11 June 2018. AHRC: Cultures of Nature and Wellbeing: Connecting Health and the Environment through Literature.

Bruni, Catherine. “Toward a Wider View of ‘Nature Writing’”. Los Angeles Review of Books. 10 January 2016.

McCarthy Woolf, Karen. [s.d.] “Green Roots, Brown Shoots”. Website of the Ginko Prize.

Leach, Anna. 2018. “Improving children’s access to nature starts with addressing inequality”. The Guardian. 1 March 2018.

Diverse Natures. WWT Slimbridge and Ujima Radio. Thursday 2 February 2017. 

Neal, Sarah. ‘Rural Landscapes, Representations And Racism: Examining Multicultural Citizenship And Policy-Making In The English Countryside.’ Ethnic & Racial Studies 25.3 (2002): 442-461.SocINDEX with Full Text. Web. 2 Feb. 2017. p.443.

Olusoga, David. 2016. Black and British: A Forgotten History. London: Macmillan.

Maufort, Jessica. 2014. “‘Man-as-Environment’: Spatialising Racial and Natural Otherness in Caryl Phillips’s A Distant Shore and In the Falling Snow.” Ecozon@.

Primary texts (novels, poetry, visual art)

Chamoiseau, Patrick. 1997. Texaco. New York : Pantheon.

Gilroy, Beryl. 1994. Black Teacher. London: Bogle-Louverture Press.

Gilroy, Beryl. 2001. The Green Grass Tango. Leeds: Peepal Tree Press.

Agard, John. 2013. Travel Light Travel Dark. Bloodaxe Books.

Burnett, Elizabeth-Jane. 2019. The Grassling. London: Allen Lane.

Miller, Kei. 2014. The Cartographer Tries to Map a Way to Zion. Manchester: Carcanet.

McCarthy Woolf, Karen. 2017. Seasonal Disturbances. Manchester: Carcanet.

Pollard, Ingrid. 2004. Postcards Home: An Autograph Book. London: Chris Boot.

This list was last updated on 19/05/2020