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Module Reading List

Russian Society from Perestroika to the Crimean Annexation (1985-2015), 2019/20, Semester 1, 2
Ilya Yablokov
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Week 1

Gorbachev’s perestroika (1985-1989) and the Collapse of the Soviet Union, 1991 (The August Coup, the Belovezha Accords)

Essential reading

Brown, Archie (2011) ‘The Gorbachev Factor Revisited’ Problems of post-communism 58 (4-5), pp. 56-65.

Cox, Michael (1998) ‘Whatever Happened to the USSR? Critical reflections on Soviet Studies’ in Michael Cox (ed.) Rethinking the Soviet collapse : sovietology, the death of communism and the new Russia. London, New York: Pinter, pp. 13-31 VLE

Smith, Kathleen E. (2002) Mythmaking in the new Russia : politics and memory during the Yeltsin era. Ithaka, London: Cornell UP, pp. 30-56.

Further reading

Aron, Leon Rabinovich (2006) ‘The “Mystery” of the Soviet Collapse’, Journal of democracy. 17 (2), pp. 21-35.

Brown, Archie (2007) 'Perestroika and the End of the Cold War' Cold War Studies 7 (1), pp.-17 .

Brown, Archie. (1996) The Gorbachev Factor. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pp. 252-305

Brown, Archie (2004) ‘The Soviet Union: Reform of the System or Systemic Transformation?’ Slavic review. 63 (3), pp.489-504.

Galeotti, Mark (1997) Gorbachev and his Revolution. Basingstoke: Macmillan Press.

Gill, Graeme (2013) ‘Political Symbolism and the Fall of the USSR’, Europe-Asia studies. 65 (2), pp. 244-263.

Gooding, John (1993) ‘Perestroika and the Russian Revolution of 1991’, The Slavonic and East European review. 71 (2), pp. 234-256.

Knight, Amy (2011) ‘The Coup that Never Was: Gorbachev and the Forces of Reaction’ Problems of post-communism 58(4-5), pp. 66-74.

Kotz, David M. with Fred Weir (1997) Revolution from above : the demise of the Soviet system. London: Routledge.

Lane, David (1992) Soviet Society under Perestroika. London: Routledge.

McNair, Brian (1991) Glasnost, perestroika and the Soviet media. L: Routledge.

Mickiewicz, Ellen (1989) ‘Mobilization and Reform: Political Communication Policy under Gorbachev’, PS : political science and politics., Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 199-207.

Rowley, David (2001) ‘Interpretations of the End of the Soviet Union: Three Paradigms’ Kritika : Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History. 2 (2), pp. 395-426.

Sedaitis, Judith B. and Jim Butterfield, eds. (1991) Perestroika from below : social movements in the Soviet Union. Boulder: Westview Press.

Suny, Richard Grigor (1993) Revenge of the Past: Nationalism, Revolution, and the Collapse of the Soviet Union. Stanford: Stanford UP.

Vanhalla-Aniszewski, Marjatta and Lea Siilin (2013) ‘The Representation of Mikhail Gorbachev in the Twenty-First Century Russian Media’ Europe-Asia studies. 65(2), pp. 221-243.

Yeltsin B. (1994) The struggle for Russia : power and change in the democratic revolution. New York: Times Books. Available from:

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Week 2

‘There will be blood’: Economic reforms in post-Soviet Russia. Privatization, financial crisis, the emergence of oligarchs. Russia as a petrostate.

Essential reading

Kryshtanovskaya, Olga and Stephen White (1996) ‘From Soviet Nomenklatura to Russian Elite’ Europe-Asia studies. 48 (5), pp. 711-733.

Ledeneva, Alena (2006) How Russia really works : the informal practices that shaped post-Soviet politics and business. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. PP. 10-27.

Treisman, Daniel (2007) ‘Putin’s Silovarchs’, Orbis. 51 (1), pp. 141-153.

Treisman, Daniel (2010) ‘”Loans for Shares” Revisited’ Post-Soviet affairs. 26 (3), pp. 197-239.

Further reading

Gustaffson, Thane (2012) Wheel of fortune : the battle for oil and power in Russia. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard UP. Hoffman, David (2011) The Oligarchs: Wealth And Power In The New Russia. New York: Public Affairs.

Sakwa, Richard (2014) Putin and the oligarch : the Khodorkovsky-Yukos affair. London: I.B. Tauris.

Sixsmith, Martin (2010) Putin's oil : the Yukos affair and the struggle for Russia. New York: The Continuum Publishing.

Treisman, Daniel (2012) The return : Russia's journey from Gorbachev to Medvedev. New York: Free Press, pp. 197-239.

White, Stephen, and Kryshtanovskaya, Olga(2005) The rise of the Russian business elite., Communist and post-Communist studies. 38(3), pp. 293-307.

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Week 3

Russia's political system: political parties, courts and presidential power

Essential reading

Gel’man, Vladimir (2015) Authoritarian Russia : analyzing Post-Soviet regime changes. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh UP. Pp. 1-17.

Grizlov, Boris (2008) ‘Extremism as a Threat to Sovereign Democracy’ Statutes & decisions : the laws of the USSR and its successor states., 43 (2), pp.12-17. VLE

March, Luke (2012) ‘The Russian Duma ‘opposition’: no drama out of crisis?’ East European politics. 28 (3), pp. 241-255.

Petrov, Nikolai, Maria Lipman and Henry E. Hale (2014) ‘Three Dilemmas of Hybrid Regime governance: Russia from Putin to Putin’, Post-Soviet affairs. 30 (1), pp. 1-26. VLE

Further reading

Ambrosio, Thomas. Authoritarian backlash : Russian resistance to democratization in the former Soviet Union. Burlington: Ashgate, 2009.

Atwal, Maya, and Edwin Bacon. “The youth movement Nashi: contentious politics, civil society, and party politics.” East European politics. 28, no. 3 (2012): 256-266. doi: 10.1080/21599165.2012.691424.

Colton, Timothy J. (2008) Yeltsin : a life. New York: Basic Books 2008.

Dawisha, Karen (2014) Putin's kleptocracy : who owns Russia? New York: Simon & Schuster.

Duncan, Peter J.S. (2013) 'Russia, the West and the 2007-2008 Electoral Cycle: Did the Kremlin Really Fear a ‘Coloured Revolution’?' Europe-Asia studies. 65 (1), pp.1-25. doi: 10.1080/09668136.2012.698049.

Evans, Geoffrey and Stephen Whitefield (1998) ‘The Evolution of Left and Right in post-Soviet Russia’ Europe-Asia studies. , 50 (6), pp.1023-1042.

Gel’man, Vladimir. (2008) 'Out of the Frying Pan, into the Fire? Post-Soviet Regime Changes in Comparative Perspective'. International political science review = Revue internationale de science politique. 29 (2) pp. 157-180. doi: 10.1177/0192512107085610.

Horvath, Robert. (2011) 'Putin’s ‘Preventive Counter-Revolution’: Post-Soviet Authoritarianism and the Spectre of Velvet Revolution.' Europe-Asia studies. 63 (1), pp. 1-25.

Krastev, Ivan. (2011) 'Paradoxes of the New Authoritarianism.” Journal of democracy. 22 (2), pp. 5-16. doi: 10.1353/jod.2011.0027.

Ledeneva, Alena (2013) Can Russia modernise? : sistema, power networks and informal governance Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Pp. 50-84.

McFaul, Michael, Nikolai Petrov and Andrei Ryabov. (2004) Between dictatorship and democracy : Russian post-communist political reform. Washington D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Sakwa, Richard (2012) ‘Party and Power: between representation and mobilisation’, East European politics. 28 (3), pp.310-327.

Sestanovch, Stephen (2004) ‘Force, Money and Pluralism’ Journal of democracy. 15 (3), pp.32-42.

Shevtsova, Lilia (2001) Gorbachev, Yeltsin, and Putin : political leadership in Russia's transition. New York: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Pp. 67-111.

Smyth, Regina (2014) ‘The Putin Factor: Personalism, Protest and regime stability in Russia’, Politics & policy, 42 (4), pp.567-592.

Urban, Michael and Vladimir Gel’man (1997) ’The Development of Political Parties in Russia’ in Karen Dawisha (ed.) Democratic changes and authoritarian reactions in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Moldova. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Pp. 175-218. VLE

Urban, Michael (2010) Cultures of power in post-Communist Russia : an analysis of elite political discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Wilson, Andrew (2005) Virtual politics : faking democracy in the post-Soviet world. Yale: Yale UP 2005.

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Week 4

The Strongman: Putin as a phenomenon

Essential reading

Helena Goscillo (2012) ‘Russia’s Ultimate celebrity: VVP as VIP objet d’art’ in Helena Goscillo (ed.) Putin as celebrity and cultural icon. London: Routledge. Pp. 6-36 VLE

Helena Goscillo (2012) ‘Putin’s Performance of Masculinity’ in Helena Goscillo (ed.) Putin as celebrity and cultural icon. London: Routledge. Pp. 180-207 VLE

White, Stephen (2011) Understanding Russian politics. Cambrdige: Cambridge UP. Pp. 71-114.

Further reading

Gessen, Masha (2013) The man without a face : the unlikely rise of Vladimir Putin. New York: Riverhead Books.

Hill, Fiona & Clifford G Gaddy (2013). Mr. Putin : operative in the Kremlin. New York: Brookings.

Roxburgh, Angus (2011) The strongman : Vladimir Putin and the struggle for Russia.London: I.B. Tauris.

Sakwa, Richard (2014) Putin redux : power and contradiction in contemporary Russia. London: Routledge.

Sakwa, Richard (2008) Putin: Russia’s Choice, 2nd edition. London: Routledge.

Shevtsova, Lilia (2005) Putin’s Russia. New York: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Sperling, Valerie (2014) Sex, politics, and Putin : political legitimacy in Russia. Oxford: Oxford UP.

White, Stephen and Ian Mcallister. (2008) ‘The Putin phenomenon’. The journal of communist studies and transition politics., 24 (4). pp. 604-628.

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Week 5

(Un)Civil society: from Soviet dissidents to Putin’s ‘foreign agents’

Essential reading

Horvath, Robert (2005) The legacy of Soviet dissent : dissidents, democratisation and radical nationalism in Russia. London: RoutledgeCurzon. Pp. 42-69.

Ljubownikow, Sergej, Jo Crotty and Peter Rodgers. (2013) 'The state and civil society in Post-Soviet Russia: The development of a Russian-style civil society.' Progress in development studies. 13 (2), pp. 153-166.

Further reading

Belokurova, E. (2010) 'Civil Society discourses in Russia: the Influence of the European Union and the Role of EU-Russia Cooperation' Journal of European Integration 32 (5), pp. 457-474.

Bergman, Jay. (1992) 'Soviet Dissidents on the Russian Intelligentsia, 1956-1985: The Search for the Usable Past.' The Russian review. 51(1) pp. 16-35.

Chebankova, E (2009) 'The Evolution of Russia's Civil Society under Vladimir Putin: A Cause for Concern or Grounds for Optimism?' Perspectives on European politics and society 10 (3), pp. 394-415.

Chebankova, E (2012) 'State-sponsored Civic Associations in Russia: Systemic Integration of the War of Position?' East European politics. 28 (4), pp. 390-408.

Chebankova, E (2013) Civil society in Putin's Russia. London: Routledge.

Evans, Alfred B. (2012) ‘Protests and Civil Society in Russia: The Struggle for the Khimki Forest’, Communist and post-Communist studies. 45 (3-4), pp. 233-242.

Evans, Alfred (2006) Russian civil society : a critical assessment. New York: M.E. Sharpe.

Finkel, Evgeny and Yitzhak Brudny (2012) ‘Russia and the Colour Revolutions’ Democratization. 19 (1), pp.15-36.

Greene, Samuel (2014) Moscow in movement : power and opposition in Putin's Russia. Stanford: Stanford UP.

Henderson, Sarah L. (2011) ‘Сivil Society in Russia: State-Society Relations in the Post-Yeltsin Era’, Problems of post-communism 58 (3), pp.11-27.

Horvath, Robert. (2011) 'Putin’s ‘Preventive Counter-Revolution’: Post-Soviet Authoritarianism and the Spectre of Velvet Revolution.' Europe-Asia studies. 63 (1), pp. 1-25.

Wilson, Jeanne (2012) ‘Discourse on Democratisation by Russian and Chinese political elites’ East European politics. 28 (2), pp. 144-162.

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Week 6

Nation-building and Russian nationalism after the Soviet Collapse

Essential reading

· Oushakine, Serguei (2009) The patriotism of despair : nation, war, and loss in Russia. Ithaca: Cornell UP. Introduction (pp. 1-15)


· Shevel Oxana (2011) ‘Russian Nation Building from Yeltsin to Medvedev: ethnic, civic or purposely ambiguous?’ Europe-Asia studies. 63 (2): 179-202 (VLE)

· Tolz, Vera (2001) Russia: Inventing the Nation.London: Arnold/Hodder Headline Group. PP. 235-269. VLE

· Stephen Hutchings and Vera Tolz. "Fault Lines in Russia’s Discourse of Nation: Television Coverage of the December 2010 Moscow Riots."Slavic review.71, no. 4(2013) : 873-899. VLE

Further reading

Allensworth, Wayne (1998) The Russian question : nationalism, modernization, and post-Communist Russia. New York: Rowman and Littlefield.

Bassin, Mark, and Konstantin E. Aksenov. (2006) 'Mackinder and the Heartland Theory in Post-Soviet Geopolitical Discourse.' Geopolitics. 11 (1), pp. 99-118. doi: 10.1080/14650040500524129.

Brinks, Jan Herman, Stella Rock and Edward Timms (2006) Nationalist myths and modern media : contested identities in the age of globalization. London: Tauris. (esp. part 3)

Duncan, Peter. (2000) Russian messianism : third Rome, revolution, communism and after. London: Routledge.

Dunlop, John. (2004) “Aleksandr Dugin’s Foundations of Geopolitics.” Democratizatsiia 12 (1), pp. 41-59 .

Finkel, Evgeny. “In Search of Lost Genocide: Historical Policy and International Politics in Post-1989 Eastern Europe.” Global Society. 24, no. 1 (January 2010): 51-70. doi: 10.1080/13600820903432027.

Fritz, Verena (2007) State-building : a comparative study of Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, and Russia. Budapest: CEU Press.

Gorenburg, Dmitry P. (2003) Minority ethnic mobilization in the Russian Federation. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Horvath, Robert (2014) ‘Russkii obraz and the politics of ‘managed nationalism”’ Nationalities Papers 42 (3), pp. 469-488.

Kalinin, Ilya (2011) ‘Nostalgic Modernisation: The Soviet Past as “Historical Horizon”’, Slavonica. 17 (2), pp.156-166.

Laruelle, Marlene (2012) ‘Conspiracy and Alternate History in Russia: A Nationalist Equation for Success?’ The Russian review. 71 (4), pp. 656-580.

Laruelle, Marlene (2009) 'Rethinking Russian nationalism' in Marlene Laruelle (ed.) Russian nationalism and the national reassertion of Russia. London: Routledge.Pp. 13-48.

Laruelle, Marlene. (2008) Russian Eurasianism : an ideology of empire. Washington: Woodrow Wilson Center Press.

Laquer, Walter. (1993) Black hundred : the rise of the extreme right in Russia. New York: Harper Collins.

Oushakine, Serguei (2000) ‘In the State of Post-Soviet Aphasia: Symbolic Development in Post-Soviet Russia’ Europe-Asia studies. 52 (6), pp. 991-1016.

Oushakine, Serguei (2007) ‘“We are nostalgic, but we are not crazy”: Retrofitting the Past in Russia’, The Russian review. 66, pp.451-482.

Oushakine, Serguei. (2009) “’Stop the Invasion!’: Money, Patriotism, and Conspiracy in Russia,” Social research., 76 (1), pp. 71-116. doi: 10.1353/sor.2009.0057.

Parland, Thomas. (2005) The extreme nationalist threat in Russia : the growing influences of Western rightist ideas. London and New York: RoutledgeCurzon.

Rossman, Vadim. (2002) Russian intellectual antisemitism in the post-Communist era. Lincoln: The University of Nebraska Press.

Rubin, Barnett R. and Jack Snyder (1998) Post-Soviet political order : conflict and state building. London: Routledge.

Sheiko, Konstantin, and Stephen Brown. (2009) Nationalist imaginings of the Russian past : Anatolii Fomenko and the rise of alternative history in post-Communist Russia. Stuttgart: Ibidem-Verlag.

Shenfield, Stephen D. (2001) Russian fascism : traditions, tendencies, movements. Armonk: M.E.Sharpe.

Shnirel’man, Viktor. (2002) The myth of the Khazars and intellectual antisemitism in Russia, 1970s-1990s. Jerusalem: The Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Antisemitism, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Tolz, Vera. “Modern Russian Memory of the Great War, 1914-1920.” In The empire and nationalism at war, edited by Eric Lohr, Alexander Semyonov and Vera Tolz. Bloomington: Slavica Press, Forthcoming.

Umland, Andreas (2007). ‘Post-Soviet “Uncivil Society” and the Rise of Aleksandr Dugin: A Case Study of the Extraparliamentary Radical Right in Contemporary Russia.’ PhD Diss., Cambridge University.

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Week 7

Pussy Riot phenomenon: Religion and state in the post-Soviet Russia

Essential reading

· Yablokov I. (2014) ‘Pussy Riot as Agent Provocateur: Conspiracy Theories and the Media Construction of Nation in Putin’s Russia’, Nationalities Papers 42 (4).

· Admiraal, Beth (2009) ‘A Religion for the Nation or a Nation for the Religion? Putin’s Third way for Russia’ In Russian nationalism and the national reassertion of Russia. London: Routledge.Pp. 203-217.

· Verkhovsky, Alexander. (2006) 'Holy Russia Versus the Fallen World: Conservative Orthodox Mythologies in Contemporary Russia'. In Nationalist myths and modern media : contested identities in the age of globalization, pp. 229-242. London: Tauris Academic Studies.

Further reading

Fagan, G. (2013) Believing in Russia: Religious Policy after Communism. London: Routledge. Hutchings, Stephen and Vera Tolz (2015) Nation, ethnicity and race on Russian television : mediating post-Soviet difference. London: Routledge.

Kharkhordin, Oleg (1998) ‘Civil Society and Orthodox Christianity’ Europe-Asia studies. 50 (6), pp. 949-968.

Knox, Zoe. (2005) Russian society and the Orthodox Church : religion in Russia after communism. London: Routledge.

Laruelle, Marlene (2009) In the name of the nation : nationalism and politics in contemporary Russia. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

March, Luke and Rolland Dannreuther (2010) Russia and Islam : state, society and radicalism. London: Routledge.

Richters, K. (2013) The post-Soviet Russian Orthodox Church : politics, culture and Greater Russia. London: Routledge.


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Week 8

Post-Soviet media: The journalists of the ‘Broken’ generation

Essential reading

· Gatov, Vasiliy (2015) Putin, Maria Ivanovna from Ivanovo and Ukrainians on the Telly. Russia Studies Centre. Available online:

· Hutchings, Stephen and Natalya Rulyova (2012) Television and culture in Putin's Russia : remote control. London: Routledge. PP. 29-56.

· Lipman, Masha; McFaul, Michael (2005) ‘Managed Democracy’, In The international journal of press/politics.. v.6,(no.3). pp.116-127. Boulder, NY, Oxford: Rowan and Littlefield Publishers, Inc. pp. 55-75.

· Koltsova, Olessia (2006) ‘Rank and File Journalists’, In Olessia Koltsova. News media and power in Russia,London: Routledge, pp. 118-142.

· Schimpfossl, Elisabeth and Ilya Yablokov (2014) ‘Coercion or Conformism? Censorship and Self-censorship among Russian Media Personalities and Reporters in the 2010s’ Demokratizatsiya 22 (2), pp.295-312.

Further reading

Becker, Jonathan (2004) ‘Lessons from Russia: A Neo-Authoritarian media System’ European journal of communication. 19 (2): 139-163.

Benn, David Wedgwood (1996) ‘the Russian Media in post-Soviet Conditions’ Europe-Asia studies. 48 (3): 471-479

Beumers, Birgit, Stephen Hutchings, and Natalia Rulyova (2009) The post-Soviet Russian media : conflicting signals, London: Routledge.

Ellis, Frank (1998) From glasnost to the Internet : Russia's new infosphere London: Palgrave Macmillan.

McNair, Brian (1991) Glasnost, perestroika and the Soviet media. L: Routledge.

McNair, Brian (1996) ‘Television in post-Soviet Russia: From Monolith to Mafia’, Media, culture & society. 18: 489-499.

Mickiewicz, Ellen (2008) Television, power, and the public in Russia. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Oates, Sarah (2006) Television, democracy, and elections in Russia. London: Routledge.

Oates, Sarah (2007) ‘The Neo-Soviet Model of the Media’, Europe-Asia studies. 59 (8): 1279-1297.

Pasti, Svetlana (2015) ‘Two generations of contemporary Russian Journalists’ European journal of communication. 20 (1), pp. 89-115.

Pasti, Svetlana (2012) ‘A New Generation of Journalists’ in Arja Rosenholm, Kaarle Nordenstreng and Elena Trubina (eds.) Russian mass media and changing values. London: Routledge. Pp. 58-75.

Roudakova, Natalia (2009) ‘Journalism as “Prostitution”: Understanding Russia’s Reactions to Anna Politkovskaya’s Murder’ Political communication. 26 (4): 412-429.

Roudakova, Natalia (2008) ‘Media-political clientelism: lessons from anthropology’ Media, culture & society. 30 (1): 41-59.

White, Aidan (2005) ‘Truth, honesty and spin’, Democratization. 12 (5): 651-667.

Zassoursky, Ivan (2004) Media and power in post-Soviet Russia, NY: Armonk; London: M.E. Sharpe.

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Week 9

The cursed relationship: Russia and the West

Essential reading

Feklyunina, Valentina (2008) ‘Battle for Perceptions: projecting Russia in the West’, Europe-Asia studies. 60 (6), pp. 899-912.

Mearsheimer, John (2014) Why The Ukraine crisis is the West’s Fault in Developments in Russian politics 8. London: Palgrave. Pp. 211-230.

O Beacha in, Donnacha, and Abel Polese, eds. (2010)The colour revolutions in the former Soviet republics : successes and failures.London: Routledge.

Further reading

Aris, S. (2009) ‘The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation: Tackling the three evils. A regional response to non-traditional security challenges or an anti-Western Bloc?’ Europe-Asia studies. 61 (3), pp. 457-482.

English, Robert D. (2000) Russia and the idea of the West : Gorbachev, intellectuals, and the end of the Cold War. New York: Columbia University Press.

Kaempf, Sebastian (2010) 'Russia: A Part of the West or Apart from the West' International relations. 24 (3), pp.313-340.

Leichtova, M. (2014) Misunderstanding Russia : Russian foreign policy and the West : relations of Russia and western countries. London: Ashgate.

Lo, Bobo. (2003) Vladimir Putin and the evolution of Russian foreign policy. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Mankoff, Jeoffrey (2012) Russian foreign policy : the return of great power politics. New York: Rowman & Littlefield.

Monaghan, Andrew (2006) ‘”Calmly Critical”: Evolving Russian Views of US Hegemony’, The journal of strategic studies. 29 (6), pp.987-1013

Neumann, Iver B. (1996) Russia and the idea of Europe : a study in identity and international relations. London: Routledge. Pp. 158-193.

Ryzanova Clarke, Lara (2012). 'The West in the Linguistic Construction of Russianness in Contemporary Public Discourse', in Risto Alapuro, Arto Mustajoki and Pekka Personsn (eds.) Understanding Russianness, London: Routledge.

Shevtsova, Lilia (2010) Lonely power : why Russia has failed to become the West and the West is weary of Russia. New York: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Tsygankov, Andrey (2003) ‘Mastering space in Eurasia: Russia’s geopolitical thinking after the Soviet break-up’, Communist and post-Communist studies. 36, pp. 101-127.

Tsygankov, Andrey (2008) ’Self and Other in International Relations Theory: Learning from Russian Civilizational Debates’ International studies review., 10, pp.762-775.

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Week 10

Russia and the CIS countries: Back to the USSR?

Essential reading

Saivetz C. R. (2012) ‘The Ties that Bind? Russia’s Evolving Relations with its neighbours’ Communist and post-Communist studies. 45 (3-4), pp. 401-412.

Karagiannis, Emmanuel (2014) 'the Russian Interventions in South Ossetia and Crimea Compared: Military Performance, Legitimacy and Goals', Contemporary security policy. 35 (3), pp. 400-420.

Further reading

Asmus, Robert (2010) A little war that shook the world : Georgia, Russia and the future of the West London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Tolstrup, James (2014) Russia vs. the EU : the competition for influence in post-Soviet states. Lynne Rienner.

This list was last updated on 18/08/2015