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Module Reading List

Literature of the 1890s, 2020/21, Semester 1
Dr Julia Reid
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue


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Set Texts

E - Arthur Conan Doyle, The adventures of Sherlock Holmes, and The memoirs of Sherlock Holmes (Penguin, 2001)

E - Thomas Hardy, Jude the Obscure (Broadview)

E- Henrik Ibsen, Ghosts (Penguin)

E - Elaine Showalter, ed., Daughters of Decadence (Virago)  

E - Ella Hepworth Dixon, The story of a modern woman (Broadview)

E - Bram Stoker, Dracula ( Oxford )

E - Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray ( Oxford )

E - Francis O'Gorman, ed., Victorian poetry : an annotated anthology (2004) – selected 1890s poetry  

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General reading

Olive Anderson, Suicide in Victorian and Edwardian England (1987)

R - Stephen Arata, Fictions of loss in the Victorian fin de siècle (1996)

R - Ann Ardis, New women, new novels : feminism and early modernism (1990)

R - Karl Beckson, ed., Aesthetics and decadents of the 1890's : an anthology of British poetry and prose (1981)

London in the 1890s : a cultural history (1992)

Nicholas Daly, Modernism, romance, and the fin de siècle : popular fiction and British culture, 1880-1914 (1999)

Bram Dijkstra, Idols of perversity : fantasies of feminine evil in fin-de-siècle culture (1989)

Linda Dowling, Language and decadence in the Victorian fin de siècle (1986)

Ian Fletcher, ed., Decadence and the 1890s (1979)

Nicholas Freeman, Conceiving the City: London, Literature, and Art, 1870-1914 (2007)

Rhonda K. Garelick, Rising star : dandyism, gender, and performance in the fin de siècle (1998)

R - William Greenslade, Degeneration, culture and the novel 1880-1940 (1994)

R - Kelly Hurley, The gothic body : sexuality, materialism, and degeneration at the fin de siècle (1996)

Holbrook Jackson, The Eighteen Nineties: A Review of Art and Ideas at the Close of the Nineteenth Century (1913)

R - Sally Ledger and Scott McCracken, eds, Cultural politics at the fin de siècle (1995)

R - Sally Ledger and Roger Luckhurst, eds, The fin de siècle : a reader in cultural history, c.1880-1900 (2000)

R - Marcus, Laura, Michele Mendelssohn, and Kirsten Shepherd-Barr, eds, Late Victorian into modern ISBN: 9780198704393 (hbk.) (2016)

Gail Marshall, Actresses on the Victorian stage : feminine performance and the Galatea myth (1998)

Victorian fiction (2002)

Patrick McGuinness, ed., Symbolism, decadence and the fin de siècle : French and European perspectives (2000)

Max Nordau, Degeneration (1895)

R - Daniel Pick, Faces of degeneration : a European disorder, c.1848-c.1918 (1989)

Lyn Pykett, ed., Reading fin de siècle fictions ISBN: 0582233909 (pbk) : No price; 0582233925 (1996)

Andrew Sanders, 'Writing and Religion', in Joanne Shattock, ed., Cambridge Companion to English Literature 1830-1914 (2010)

R - Elaine Showalter, Sexual Anarchy: Gender and Culture at the fin de siecle (1991)

Hans-Peter Soder, 'Disease and Health as Contexts of Modernity: Max Nordau as a Critic of Fin-de-Siecle Modernism', German Studies Review 14.3 (1991)

John Stokes, In the nineties (1989)

Arthur Symons, 'The Decadent Movement in Literature', in Dramatis personae (1925), pp. 96-115

David Trotter, The English novel in history 1895-1920 (1993)

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Books and articles on specific authors

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Diana Barsham, Arthur Conan Doyle and the meaning of masculinity (2000)

Maria Cairney, 'The Healing Art of Detection: Sherlock Holmes and the Disease of Crime in the Strand Magazine ', Clues: a journal of detection 26.1 (fall 2007), 62-74.

Clive Bloom, ed., Nineteenth-century suspense : from Poe to Conan Doyle (1988)

Lesli J. Favor, 'The Foreign and the Female in Arthur Conan Doyle', English literature in transition : 1880-1920, 43 (2000), 398-409 ON-LINE

Susan Cannon Harris, 'Pathological Possibilities: Contagion and Empire in Doyle's Sherlock Holmes Stories', Victorian literature and culture. 31.2 (Sept 2003), 447-66.

Janice Hart, 'The girl no one knew: photographs, narratives, and secrets in modern fiction', Mosaic : a journal for the interdisciplinary study of literature. 37.4 (2004), 111-26.

Leslie Haynsworth, 'Sensational Adventures: Sherlock Holmes and his Generic Past', English literature in transition : 1880-1920, 44 (2001), 459-85

Joseph Kestner, Sherlock's Men: Masculinity, Conan Doyle, and Cultural History (1997)

Rosemary Jann, 'Sherlock Holmes Codes the Social Body', ELH. 57.3 (autumn 1990), 685-708.

Laura Otis, Membranes : metaphors of invasion in nineteenth-century literature, science, and politics ISBN: 9780801865275 (pbk.); 0801859964; 0801865271 (pbk); 9780801859960 (1998)

Christopher Pittard, ' "Cheap, healthful literature": The Strand Magazine, fictions of crime, and purified reading communities', Victorian Periodicals Review 40.1 (2007).

Paula Reiter, ‘Doctors, Detectives, and the Professional Ideal: The Trial of Thomas Neill Cream and the Mastery of Sherlock Holmes’, College literature. ISSN: 0093-3139 35.3 (summer 2008): 57-95

Marty Roth, 'Victorian High: Detection, Drugs, and Empire', in Janet Brodie, ed., High anxieties : cultural studies in addiction ISBN: 9780520935709 (e-book) (2002).

Yumna Siddiqi, 'The Cesspool of Empire: Sherlock Holmes and the Return of the Repressed', Victorian literature and culture. (34.1), March 2006, 233-247.

Daniel Stashower, Teller of tales : the life of Arthur Conan Doyle (1999)

Ronald Thomas, Detective fiction and the rise of forensic science (1999)

Peter Thomas, Detection and its designs : narrative & power in 19th-century detective fiction (1998)

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Penny Boumelha, Thomas Hardy and women (1982)

Deborah L.Collins, Thomas Hardy and his God : a liturgy of unbelief (1990)

R. P. Draper, ed., Hardy: the tragic novels (1991)

Pamela Gossin, Thomas Hardy's novel universe : astronomy, cosmology, and gender in the post-Darwinian world (Ashgate, 2007)

Laura Green, ' "Strange [In]difference of Sex": Thomas Hardy, the Victorian Man of Letters, and the Temptations of Androgyny', Victorian Studies 38 (1995), 523-49

Barbara Hardy, Thomas Hardy : imaging imagination : Hardy's poetry and fiction (2000)

Patricia Ingham, The Language of Gender and Class: Transformation in the Victorian Novel (1996)

Rena Jackson, 'Hybridity and Migrancy in Jude the Obscure: A Postcolonial Reading of Father Time', The Thomas Hardy journal. 25 (autumn 2009), 106-26.

Dale Kramer, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Thomas Hardy (1999)

Phillip Mallett, ed., Palgrave advances in Thomas Hardy studies (2004)

Aaron Matz, 'Terminal Satire and Jude the Obscure ', ELH. 73.2 (2006), 519-47.

Aaron Matz, 'Hardy and the Vanity of Procreation', Victorian Studies 57 (2014), 7-32

John Maynard, Victorian discourses on sexuality and religion ISBN: 0521332540 (1993)

Marie Panter, 'Paganism in Tess of the d'Urbervilles and Jude the Obscure: The Possibility of Faith and Ethics in a Darwinian World', Cahiers Victoriens et Edouardiens 18 (2014), 2-11

Lawrence Starzyk, ‘The Coming Universal Wish Not to Live in Hardy’s “Modern” Novels’, Nineteenth century fiction. ISSN: 0029-0564. ISSN: 0029-0564 26 (1972): 410-35.

JoAnna Stephens Mink, 'Three Generations of Unhealthy Family Relationships in Jude the Obscure ', The Thomas Hardy journal. 4.3 (Autumn 2008), 61-9.

Rosemarie Morgan, Women and sexuality in the novels of Thomas Hardy (1988)

Rosemarie Morgan, ed., The Ashgate research companion to Thomas Hardy ( 2010) 

Edward Neill, Trial by ordeal : Thomas Hardy and the critics (1999)

Carolyn Oulton, ' "What a comrade she would make": The limits of romantic friendship in Jude the Obscure ', The Thomas Hardy journal. 23 (2007), 117-25. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Charles C. H. Pettit, ed., Reading Thomas Hardy (1998)

Andrew Radford, Thomas Hardy and the survivals of time (Ashgate, 2003).

Elaine Showalter, 'Syphilis, Sexuality, and the Fiction of the Fin de Siecle ', in Ruth B. Yeazell, ed., Sex, politics, and science in the nineteenth-century novel (1986) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Anne B. Simpson, 'Sue Bridehead Revisited', Victorian literature and culture, 19 (1991), 55-66 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Caroline Sumpter, 'On Suffering and Sympathy: Jude the Obscure, Evolution, and Ethics', Victorian studies. 53.4 (summer 2011), 665-87.

Jane Thomas, 'Thomas Hardy, Jude the Obscure and "comradely love"', Literature & history. 16.2 (2007), 1-15.

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Rudolph Binion, 'Fiction as Social Fantasy: Europe's Domestic Crisis of 1879-1914', Journal of Social History. 27.4 (summer 1994), 679-99.

Marvin Carlson, 'Ibsen, Strindberg, and Telegony', PMLA. 100.5 (Oct. 1985), 774-82.

Robert Corrigan, 'The Sun Always Rises: Ibsen's Ghosts as Tragedy? ', Educational Theatre Journal 11.3 (1959), 171-80.

Michael Egan, ed., Ibsen : the critical heritage (1972)

Christopher Innes, Modern British drama 1890-1990 (1992)

 Katherine Kelly, ‘Pandemic and Performance: Ibsen and the Outbreak of Modernism’, South Central Review 25.1 (spring 2008): 12-35. - Available online:

James McFarlane, ed., The Cambridge companion to Ibsen (Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1994) - especially Gail Finney, 'Ibsen and Feminism', and Bjorn Hemmer, 'Ibsen and the Realistic Problem Drama'.

A. F. Machiraju, 'Ideals and Victims: Ibsen's Concerns in Ghosts and The Wild Duck ', The modern language review. 87.1 (Jan. 1992), 134-42.

Toril Moi, Henrik Ibsen and the birth of Modernism : art, theater, philosophy ISBN: 0199295875 (alk. paper); 9780199295876 (2008)

Ellen Mortensen, 'Ibsen and the Scandalous: Ghosts and Hedda Gabler', Ibsen Studies 7 (2007), 169-87

Thomas Postlewait, Prophet of the New Drama : William Archer and the Ibsen campaign (1986)

ed., William Archer on Ibsen : the major essays, 1889-1919 (1984)

George Bernard Shaw, Our theatres in the nineties, 3 vols (1932)

Alexis Soloski, ' "The Great Imitator": Staging Syphilis in A Doll's House and Ghosts', Modern drama. ISSN: 0026-7694 56.3 (fall 2013), 287-305

Evert Sprinchorn, 'Syphilis in Ibsen's Ghosts', Ibsen studies ISSN: 1502-1866 4.2 (2004), 191-204

Joan Templeton, Ibsen's women (1997)

Joan Templeton, 'Of this Time, of This Place: Mrs Alving's Ghosts and the Shape of Tragedy', PMLA. 101.1 (Jan 1986), 57-68.

Dimitris Vardoulakis, 'Spectres of Duty: Silence in Ibsen's Ghosts', Orbis Litterarum 64.1 (2009), 50-74

J. L. Wisenthal, ed., Shaw and Ibsen : Bernard Shaw's The quintessence of Ibsenism, and related writings (1979)


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THE 'NEW WOMAN', including authors in Daughters of Decadence

Ann Ardis, New women, new novels : feminism and early modernism (1990)

Lucy Bland, Banishing the Beast: English Feminism and Sexual Morality 1885-1914 (1995)

Gerd Bjørhovde, Rebellious structures : women writers and the crisis of the novel 1880-1900 (1987)

Sigrid Anderson Cordell, '"A Beautiful Translation from a Very Imperfect Original": Mabel Wotton, Aestheticism, and the Dilemma of Literary Borrowing', Victorian Literature and Culture 37.2 (2009), 427-45

Elke D'Hoker and Stephanie Eggermont, 'Fin-de-Siècle Women Writers and the Modern Short Story', English Literature in Transition, 1880-1920, 58.3 (2015), 291-312

Bram Dijkstra, Idols of perversity : fantasies of feminine evil in fin-de-siècle culture (1989)

Linda Dowling, 'The Decadent and the New Woman in the 1890s', Nineteenth century fiction. ISSN: 0029-0564, 33 (1978-79), 434-53 ON-LINE

Nicole Fluhr, 'Figuring the New Woman: Writers and Mothers in George Egerton's Early Stories', Texas Studies in Literature and Language 43.3 (fall 2001), 243-66

Juliet Gardiner, ed., The new woman (1993)

Viv Gardner, ed., The new woman and her sisters : feminism and theatre, 1850-1914 (1992)

Bryn Gribben, 'Masculinity and Spectacle in Mew's "A White Night": Into the Cave, Not Up the River', English Literature in Transition, 1880-1920, 49.3 (2006), 311-25

Claire Hanson, ‘The Lifted Veil: Women and Short Fiction in the 1880s and 1890s’, The Yearbook of English Studies, (26: 1996),135-142.

Ann Heilmann, New woman fiction : women writing first-wave feminism (2000)

Ann Heilmann, 'The New Woman in the New Millennium: Recent Trends in Criticism of New Woman Fiction', Literature Compass 3.1 (2005), 32-42

Kelly Hurley, The gothic body : sexuality, materialism, and degeneration at the fin de siècle (1996)

R - Sally Ledger, The new woman : fiction and feminism at the fin de siècle (1997)

Teresa Mangum, 'Style Wars of the 1890s: The New Woman and the Decadent', from Transforming genres : new approaches to British fiction of the 1890s (1994), pp. 47-66

Gail Marshall, Actresses on the Victorian stage : feminine performance and the Galatea myth (1998)

Jane Eldridge Miller, Rebel women : feminism, modernism and the Edwardian novel (1994)

Sally Mitchell, Teresa Mangum, and Ann Ardis, 'The New Woman's Work: Past, Present, and Future', Nineteenth-century Gender Studies 3.2 (summer 2007)

Carolyn Christensen Nelson, ed., A New Woman reader : fiction, articles, and drama of the 1890s (Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press, 2001)

Lyn Pykett, The "improper" feminine : the women's sensation novel and the new woman writing (1992)

James Redmond, ed., Women in theatre. (1989)

Angelique Richardson, Love and eugenics in the late nineteenth century: rational reproduction and the New Woman (2003)

Angelique Richardson and Chris Willis, eds, The new woman in fiction and in fact : fin-de-siècle feminisms (2000)

Ana Raquel Rojas, 'The Mustachioed Woman, or the Problem of Androgyny in Victoria Cross' Six Chapters of a Man's Life', Cahiers Victoriens et Edouardiens 74 (2011)

Susan C. Shapiro, The mannish new woman : Punch and its precursors ', Review of English studies. ISSN: 0034-6551, 42 (1991), 510-22

Elaine Showalter, Sexual Anarchy: Gender and Culture at the fin de siecle (1991)

Rebecca Stott, The fabrication of the late-Victorian femme fatale : the kiss of death (1992)

Michelle Elizabeth Tusan, ‘Inventing the New Woman: Print Culture and Identity Politics During the Fin de Siècle’, Victorian Periodicals Review 31 (1998), 169-82

Erin Williams, 'Female Celibacy in the Fiction of Gissing and Dixon: The Silent Strike of the Suburbanites', English literature in transition : 1880-1920. 45.3 (2002), 259-79.

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See New Woman section above. In addition, the following:

Anthony Camara, ‘“Germ Theories”: Bacteriology in Ella Hepworth Dixon’s The Story of a Modern Woman’, Women's writing ISSN: 0969-9082 19 (2012), 58-75.

Emma Liggins, 'Writing Against the "Husband-Fiend": Syphilis and Male Sexual Vice in the New Woman Novel', Women's writing 7.2 (2000), 175-95

Tara MacDonald, ‘Doctors, Dandies and New Men: Ella Hepworth Dixon and Late-Century Masculinities’, Women's writing ISSN: 0969-9082 19 (2012), 41-57.

Kristin Ross, ‘Preparing the Girl for “The Fight of Life”: Female Education and the New Woman in Ella Hepworth Dixon’s The Story of a Modern Woman’, Women's writing ISSN: 0969-9082 19 (2012), 76-95.

Margaret D. Stetz, 'The Bi-Social Oscar Wilde and "Modern" Women', Nineteenth-Century Literature 55 (2001), 515-37

Margaret D. Stetz, 'Ella Hepworth Dixon: The Story of a Modern Woman', Victorian studies. 49.1 (autumn 2006), 126-27.

Erin Williams, 'Female Celibacy in the Fiction of Gissing and Dixon: The Silent Strike of the Suburbanites', English literature in transition : 1880-1920. 45.3 (2002), 259-79.

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Karen Alkalay-Gut, 'Aesthetic and Decadent Poetry', in Joseph Bristow, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Victorian Poetry (2000)

Isobel Armstrong, Victorian poetry : poetry, poetics and politics (1993)

Karl Beckson, Arthur Symons : a life (1987)

Joseph Bristow, ed., The Victorian poet: poetics and persona (1987)

Joseph Bristow, ed., The fin-de-siècle poem : English literary culture and the 1890s  (2005)

Tess Cosslett, ed., Victorian women poets (1996)

Dennis Denisoff, 'Decadence and Aestheticism', in Gail Marshall, ed., The Cambridge companion to the fin de siècle [electronic resource] (2007).

Anthony H.Harrison, Victorian poets and the politics of culture : discourse and ideology (1998)

Hazel Hynd, 'A Sense of Place: Landscape and Location in the Poetry of John Davidson', Victorian poetry. 43.4 (winter 2005).

Angela Leighton, Victorian women poets : writing against the heart (1992)

John Lucas, England and Englishness : ideas of nationhood in English poetry, 1688-1900 (1990)

John Lucas, 'Voices of authority, voices of subversion: poetry in the late nineteenth century', in Joseph Bristow, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Victorian Poetry (2000)

Lisa Rodensky, ed.,  Decadent Poetry from Wilde to Naidu (2006)

Chris Snodgrass, 'Aesthetic Memory's Cul-de-Sac: The Art of Ernest Dowson', English Literature in Transition, 1880-1920 35 (1992), 26-53

Marion Thain, Michael Field and poetic identity : with a biography (2000)

Marion Thain, 'Poetry', in Gail Marshall, ed., The Cambridge companion to the fin de siècle [electronic resource] (2007)

Marion Thain and Ana Parejo Vadillo, guest editors, Victorian Literature and Culture, 34.2 (2006), special issue entitled Fin-de-Siècle Culture and Women Poets

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Bram Stoker, Dracula : authoritative text, contexts, reviews and reactions, dramatic and film variations, criticism, ed. by Nina Auerbach - includes reviews, contextualising essays, etc

Dracula : complete authoritative text with biographical, historical, and cultural contexts, critical history, and essays from contemporary critical perspectives, ed. by John Paul Riquelme (2000) - also containing reviews, etc

Daniel Cottom, 'Sherlock Holmes Meets Dracula', ELH. ISSN: 0013-8304 79.3 (fall 2012), 537-67.

Christopher Craft, ' "Kiss me with those red lips" : gender and inversion in Bram Stoker's Dracula ', in Speaking of gender, ed. by Elaine Showalter (1989)

Christine Ferguson, 'Nonstandard language and the cultural stakes of Stoker's Dracula', ELH. 71.1 (2004), 229-49.

Matthew Gibson, 'Bram Stoker and the Treaty of Berlin (1878)', Gothic studies. 6.2 (2004), 236-51.

Christopher Herbert, 'Vampire religion', Representations. 79 (2002), 100-21.

Harriet Hustis, 'Black and white and read all over: performative textuality in Bram Stoker's Dracula ', Studies in the novel. 33.1 (2001), 18-33

Dejan Kuzmanovic, 'Vampiric Seduction and Vicissitudes of Masculine Identity in Bram Stoker's Dracula', Victorian Literature and Culture 37.2 (2009), 411-25

Roger Luckhurst, 'Trance Gothic, 1882-97', in Ruth Robbins and Julian Wolfreys, eds, Victorian Gothic: Literary and Cultural Manifestations in the Nineteenth Century (1999), 148-67

Roger Luckhurst, ed, The Cambridge Companion to Dracula (2017) - all the essays in this

Barry McCrea, 'Heterosexual Horror: Dracula, The Closet, and the Marriage Plot', Novel. ISSN: 0029-5132 2.43 (2010), 251-70

Patricia McKee, 'Racialization, capitalism, and aesthetics in Stoker's Dracula ', Novel. 36.1 (2002), 42-60.

Charles E. Prescott and Grace Giorgio, 'Vampiric Affinities: Mina Harker and the Paradox of Femininity in Bram Stoker's Dracula', Victorian literature and culture. 33.2 (Sept 2005), 487-515.

Nicholas Rance, ' "Jonathan's Great Knife": Dracula Meets Jack the Ripper', Victorian literature and culture. 30.2 (Sept 2002), 439-53.

Leah Richards, 'Mass Production and the Spread of Information in Dracula: "Proofs of so wild a story"', English literature in transition : 1880-1920. 52.4 (2009), 440-57.

David Seed, 'The Narrative Method of Dracula', Nineteenth-Century Fiction, 40 (1985-86)

Carol A. Senf, 'Dracula: Stoker's Response to the New Woman', Victorian studies., 26 (1982), 33-49

Stephen Shapiro, 'Transvaal, Transylvania: Dracula's World-ssystem and Gothic Periodicity', Gothic studies. 10.1 (2008), 29-47.

John Allan Stevenson, 'A Vampire in the Mirror: the Sexuality of Dracula', PMLA, 103 (1988)

Stoyan Tchaprazov, 'The Slovaks and Gypsies of Bram Stoker's Dracula: Vampires in Human Flesh', English literature in transition : 1880-1920. ISSN: 0013-8339 4 (2015): 523-35.

Judith Walkowitz, City of dreadful delight : narratives of sexual danger in late-Victorian London (1992)

Jennifer Wicke, 'Vampiric Typewriting: Dracula and its Media', ELH 59.2 (1992), 467-93

Martin Willis, 'The Invisible Giant, Dracula, and Disease', Studies in the novel. 39.3 (2007), 301-25.

Geoffrey Wall, 'Different from Writing: Dracula in 1897', Literature & history, 10 (1987), 15-23

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James Eli Adams, Dandies and Desert Saints ISBN: 0801482089 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0801430178: Modernity and the Memory Crisis (2000)

Neil Bartlett, Who was that man? : a present for Mr Oscar Wilde (1988)

Karl Beckson, ed., Oscar Wilde: the critical heritage (1970)

Joseph Carroll, 'Aestheticism, Homoeroticism, and Christian Guilt in The Picture of Dorian Gray', Philosophy and literature. ISSN: 0190-0013 29.2 (2005), 286-304

Philip Cohen, The moral vision of Oscar Wilde (1978)

Craft, Christopher, ' "Come See about Me": Enchantment of the Double in The Picture of Dorian Gray', Representations. ISSN: 0734-6018 91 (2005), 109-36

Linda Dowling, Hellenism and Homosexuality in Victorian Oxford (1994)

Richard Ellmann, Oscar Wilde (1987)

Hilary Fraser, Beauty and belief : aesthetics and religion in Victorian literature ISBN: 0521307678 (1986)

Regenia Gagnier, Idylls of the Marketplace: Oscar Wilde and the Victorian Public (1986)

Karl Miller, Doubles : studies in literary history ISBN: 019812841X (1987)

Joyce Carol Oates, 'The Picture of Dorian Gray: Wilde's Parable of the Fall', Critical inquiry. ISSN: 0093-1896 7.2 (winter 1980), 419-28

Maureen O’Connor, ‘The Picture of Dorian Gray as Irish National Tale’, in Neil McCaw, ed, Writing Irishness in Nineteenth-Century British Culture (Ashgate, 2004), 194-209.    Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Peter Raby, ed., The Cambridge companion to Oscar Wilde (1997)

Antonio Sanna, 'Silent Homosexuality in Oscar Wilde's Teleny and The Picture of Dorian Gray and Robert Louis Stevenson's Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde', Law and literature. ISSN: 1535-685X 24.1 (2012), 21-39

Alan Sinfield, The Wilde century : effeminacy, Oscar Wilde and the queer moment (1994)

Simon Stern, 'Wilde's Obscenity Effect: Influence and Immorality in The Picture of Dorian Gray', Review of English studies. ISSN: 0034-6551 68 (2017), 756-72

John Stokes, Oscar Wilde : myths, miracles, and imitations (1996)

Kenneth Womack, 'Withered, Wrinked and Loathsome of Visage: Reading the Ethics of Soul and Late-Victorian Gothic in The Picture of Dorian Gray', in Ruth Robbins and Julian Wolfreys, eds, Victorian Gothic : literary and cultural manifestations in the nineteenth century (2000)

This list was last updated on 21/07/2020