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Module Reading List 2020-2021

Homer's Iliad, 2020/21, Semester 1, 2
Dr Owen Hodkinson
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue


The required translation is:

Homer The Iliad, tr. M. Hammond (Penguin 1987)


(i) Brief: P.V. Jones Homer's "Iliad" : a commentary on three translations (London 2003);

Postlethwaite Homer's Iliad : a commentary on the translation of Richmond Lattimore (Exeter 2000);

M.M. Willcock A Companion to the Iliad (Chicago 1976)

(ii) Detailed: The Iliad. A Commentary ed. G.S. Kirk (Cambridge 1985-1993)

(iii) Individual books: there are useful commentaries on book 1 by S. Pulleyn (Oxford 2000), book 9 by J. Griffin (Oxford 1995) and on book 24 (with a good introduction) by C.W. Macleod (Cambridge 1982).

Reference works

J.M. Foley (ed.), A companion to ancient epic (Oxford: Blackwell 2005)

R. Fowler (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Homer (Cambridge 2004)

C. Pache (ed.) The Cambridge Guide to Homer (Cambridge 2020)

B.B. Powell and I. Morris (ed.) A new companion to Homer (Leiden 1997)

A.J.B. Wace and F.H. Stubbings (ed.) A companion to Homer. (London 1963) [somewhat dated]

Brief introductions and surveys

Barker and J. Christensen, Homer : a beginner's guide (London: Oneworld 2013) [highly recommended]

C.M. Bowra Homer (London 1972) [not recommended]

W.A. Camps An introduction to Homer (Oxford 1980)


J. Griffin Homer (Oxford 1980)

J.B. Hainsworth Homer (Greece & Rome New Surveys 3, Oxford 1969)

J. Powell Homer (Oxford 2004)

R.B. Rutherford Homer (Greece & Rome New Surveys 26, Oxford 1996)

M. Silk Homer: The Iliad (Cambridge 1987)

C.A. Trypanis The Homeric epics (Warminster 1977)

Collections of essays

Bremer, J. M., De Jong, I. J., & Kalff, J. (1987). Homer : beyond oral poetry : recent trends in Homeric interpretation. ISBN: 9060322150. Amsterdam Grüner

D.L. Cairns (ed.) Oxford Readings in Homer's Iliad (Oxford 2001) [the introduction gives an excellent overview of themes in modern study of Homer]

Emlyn-Jones (ed.) Homer : readings and images (London 1992)

I. McAuslan and P. Walcot (ed.) Homer (Greece and Rome Studies 4, Oxford 1998)

G.S. Kirk (ed.) The language and background of Homer : some recent studies and controversies (Cambridge 1964)

Reay and P. Parker (eds) Blackwell Guide to Epic Poetry (Oxford 2005)  

G.M. Wright and P.V. Jones (ed.) Homer : German scholarship in translation (Oxford 1997)

Wright (ed.) Essays on the Iliad : selected modern criticism (Bloomington 1978)

Jonathan L. Ready and Christos C. Tsagalis (eds.) Homer in performance ; rhapsodes, narrators, and characters ISBN: 9781477316047 (e-book) ISBN: 9781477316047 (e-book). (Texas. 2018)

Critical works: overviews

M.W. Edwards Homer : poet of the "Iliad" (Baltimore 1987)

Griffin Homer on life and death (Oxford 1980)

G.S. Kirk The Songs of Homer (Cambridge 1962)

G.S. Kirk Homer and the Epic (Cambridge 1965) [an abbreviated version of The Songs of Homer]

Mueller The Iliad (London 1984)

O. Taplin Homeric soundings : the shaping of the "Iliad" (Oxford 1992)

Critical works: specific topics

J.S. Clay Homer's Trojan theater (Cambridge 2011)

Crotty The poetics of supplication : Homer's "Iliad" and "Odyssey" (Ithaca 1994)

Casey Dué, (2002) Homeric variations on a lament by Briseis ISBN: 9780742522190 (pbk); 0742522180 (hardcover : alk. paper); 0742522199 (pbk. : alk. paper); CIP entry. Lanham, MD

D.E. Eichholz ‘The propitiation of Achilles’ The American Journal of Philology. 74 (1953) 137-48

Fenik (ed.) Homer, tradition and invention (Leiden 1978)

Ford Homer : the poetry of the past (Ithaca NY 1992)

Friedrich, ‘Odysseus and Achilleus in the Iliad’, Hermes. 139 (2011), 271-290

B. Graziosi and J. Haubold Homer : the resonance of epic (London 2005)

Griffin ‘The epic cycle and the uniqueness of Homer’ The journal of Hellenic studies. 97 (1977) 39-53, reprinted in D.L. Cairns (ed.) Oxford readings in Homer's Iliad (Oxford 2001) 365-84

I.J.F. de Jong Narrators and Focalizers: the presentation of the story in the Iliad (Amsterdam 1987)

G.P. Kelly, ‘Battlefield supplication in the Iliad’, The classical world. 107 (2013-2014), 147-167

Kim The pity of Achilles : oral style and the unity of the Iliad (Lanham 2000)

Kozak, L. Experiencing Hektor: character in the Iliad. Bloomsbury Academic (2016)

C.W. Macleod ‘Homer on poetry and the poetry of Homer’ in Collected essays (Oxford 1983) 1-15, reprinted in D.L. Cairns (ed.) Oxford readings in Homer's Iliad (Oxford 2001) 294-310

Mackie, C.J. 'Iliad 24 and the Judgement Of Paris', Critical quarterly. ISSN: 0011-1562 63 (2013): 1-16.

Minchin, E. (2007). Homeric voices : discourse, memory, gender ISBN: 0199280126 (alk. paper); 9780199280124 (alk. paper). Oxford University Press.

Morrison, A. D. (2012). The narrator in Archaic Greek and Hellenistic poetry ISBN: 9780521874502 (hbk.); 0521874505 (hbk.); 9780521201056 (pbk.). Cambridge University Press.

Morrison, J. V. Homeric misdirection : false predictions in the Iliad ISBN: 9780472103522 (alk. paper); 0472103520 (alk. paper) (1992) Ann Arbor.    

Moulton, C. Similes in the Homeric poems ISBN: 3525251440 (Hypomnemata, 49) Göttingen. (1977).

R.M. Muich, ‘Focalization and embedded speech in Andromache's Iliadic laments’, Illinois classical studies. 35-36 (2010-2011), 1-24

G. Nagy The Best of the Achaeans (Baltimore 1979)

Nünlist, ‘Nestor and speaking silence in the Iliad’, Philologus. 156 (2012), 150-156

Parry ‘The language of Achilles’ Transactions of the American Philological Association. 87 (1965) 1-7, reprinted in The language of Achilles and other papers (Oxford 1989) 1-7

Race, W. H. 'Achilles' kudos in Iliad 24', Mnemosyne 67.5 (2014): 707-24.

Ready, J. L. Character, narrator, and simile in the Iliad [electronic resource] ISBN: 1139038311; 9781139038317. Cambridge University Press. (2011).

Redfield Nature and Culture in the Iliad (Chicago 1975)

Richardson, S. The Homeric narrator ISBN: 0826512364. Nashville. (1990).

R.B. Rutherford ‘Tragic form and feeling in the Iliad’ The journal of Hellenic studies. 102 (1982) 145-60, reprinted in D.L. Cairns (ed.) Oxford readings in Homer's Iliad (Oxford 2001) 260-93

Satterfield, B. 'The Beginning of the Iliad: The "Contradictions" of the Proem and the Burial of Hektor', Mnemosyne. ISSN: 0026-7074 64.1 (2011): 1-20.

Schein The mortal hero : an introduction to Homer's Iliad (Berkeley & Los Angeles 1984)

Scodel Epic facework : self-presentation and social interaction in Homer (Swansea 2008)Scodel, ‘Narrative focus and elusive thought in Homer’, in R. Scodel and D.L. Cairns (ed.), Defining Greek narrative (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press), 55-74

Scott ‘Pity and pathos in Homer’ Acta classica. 22 (1979) 1-14

Scully Homer and the sacred city (Ithaca NY 1990)

Segal The theme of the mutilation of the corpse in the Iliad (Leiden 1971)

L.M. Slatkin The power of Thetis : allusion and interpretation in the Iliad (Berkeley 1991)

Stanley The shield of Homer : narrative structures in the "Iliad" (Princeton 1993)

Taplin ‘Agamemnon’s role in the Iliad in C.B.R. Pelling (ed.) Characterization and individuality in Greek literature (Oxford 1990) 60-82  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Taplin ‘The Shield of Achilles within the Iliad’ Greece and Rome. 27 (1980) 1-21, reprinted in D.L. Cairns (ed.) Oxford readings in Homer's Iliad (Oxford 2001) 342-364

Thornton Homer's Iliad : its composition and the motif of supplication (Göttingen 1984)

J-P. Vernant ‘A “Beautiful Death” and the disfigured corpse in Homeric epic’, in D.L. Cairns (ed.), Oxford readings in Homer's Iliad (Oxford 2001) 311-341

C.H. Whitman Homer and the Heroic Tradition (Cambridge, Mass., 1958)

Willcock, Malcolm M. (2002). "Menelaos in the Iliad." In Reichel, Michael & Rengakos, Antonios (Eds.), Epea pteroenta : Beiträge zur Homerforschung : Festschrift für Wolfgang Kullmannn [sic] zum 75. Geburtstag ISBN: 9783515079808 (alk. paper); 3515079807 (alk. paper) (pp. 221-229). Stuttgart: Steiner.

Worman, N. The cast of character : style in Greek literature ISBN: 9780292719521 paperback. University of Texas Pr. (2003) [particularly useful for studies of Odysseus and Helen].


L. Bruit Zaidman and P. Schmitt Pantel Religion in the ancient Greek city (Cambridge 1992)

W. Burkert Greek Religion (Oxford 1985)

B.C. Dietrich Death, fate, and the gods : the development of a religious idea in Greek popular belief and in Homer (London 1965)

J. Griffin, ‘The divine audience and the religion of the Iliad’, The Classical quarterly. 28 (1978), 1-22, reprinted in Homer on life and death (Oxford 1980), 179-204

de Juregui, M. H. 'Priam's catabasis: Traces of the epic journey to Hades in Iliad 24', Transactions and proceedings of the American Philological Association. ISSN: 0065-9711 TAPhA 141: (2011). 37-68.

E. Kearns, ‘The gods in the Homeric epics’, in R. Fowler (ed.), The Cambridge companion to Homer (Cambridge 2004), 59-73

Kullmann ‘Gods and men in the Iliad and the Odyssey’ Harvard studies in classical philology. 89 (1985) 1-23

D. Lateiner, ‘Homeric prayer’, Arethusa. 30 (1997), 241-72

H. Lloyd-Jones, The Justice of Zeus (ed. 2, Berkeley 1983) chs 1-2

D. Ogden (ed.), A companion to Greek religion (Oxford 2007) [use the index to locate material on Homer or the Iliad]

S. Price, Religions of the ancient Greeks (Cambridge 1999)

E.J. Stafford, ‘Brother, son, friend and healer: Sleep the god’, in K. Dowden and T. Wiedemann (eds) Sleep (Nottingham Classical Literature Studies, vol. 8; Bari 2003), 71-106

E.J. Stafford, 'Personification in Homer', in C. Pache (ed.) The Cambridge Guide to Homer (Cambridge 2020)

Whitman, Allegory : the dynamics of an ancient and medieval technique (Oxford 1987)

M.M. Willcock ‘Some aspects of the gods in the Iliad’ Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies of the University of London. 17 (1970) 1-10

M.M. Willcock ‘Ad hoc invention in the Iliad’, Harvard studies in classical philology. 81 (1977), 41-53

N. Yamagata, 'Disaster revisited: Ate and the Litai in Homer's Iliad' in E.J.Stafford and J.E. Herrin (eds) Personification in the Greek world : from antiquity to Byzantium (Centre for Hellenic Studies series no. 7; Aldershot) 21-8


A.W.H. Adkins Merit and responsibility : a study in Greek values. (Oxford 1960)

A.W.H. Adkins ‘Honour and punishment in the Homeric Poems’ Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies of the University of London. 7 (1960) 23-32

A.W.H. Adkins ‘Homeric values and Homeric society’ The journal of Hellenic studies. 91 (1971) 1-14

Adkins, A.W.H. ‘Values, Goals, and Emotions in the Iliad’, CP; (Classical Philology. ISSN: 0009-837X) 77 (1982): 292-326.

D.L. Cairns Aidōs : the psychology and ethics of honour and shame in ancient Greek literature (Oxford 1993)

D.L. Cairns ‘Affronts and quarrels in the Iliad’, Papers of the Leeds international Latin seminar. Vol. 7 1993, Roman poetry and prose, Greek rhetoric and poetry (1993) 155-67, reprinted in D.L. Cairns (ed.) Oxford readings in Homer's Iliad (Oxford 2001) 203-219

Donlan ‘Reciprocities in Homer’, The classical world. 75 (1982) 137-75

Fisher Hybris : a study in the values of honour and shame in ancient Greece (Warminster 1992)

Gagarin ‘Morality in Homer’ Classical Philology. 82 (1987) 285-306

Gill, N. Posthlethwaite, R. Seaford (ed..) Reciprocity in ancient Greece (Oxford 1998) [includes: G. Zanker ‘Beyond reciprocity: The Akhilleus-Priam scene in Iliad 24’, 73 –92, and N. Postlethwaite ‘Akhilleus and Agamemnon: generalized reciprocity’, 93-104]

J.P. Gould ‘Hiketeia’ The journal of Hellenic studies. 93 (1973) 74-103, Myth, ritual, memory, and exchange : essays in Greek literature and culture (Oxford 2001) ch. 2

Griffin ‘Heroic and unheroic ideas in Homer’, in C. Emlyn-Jones (ed.) Homer : readings and images (London 1992) 21-31

J.T. Hooker ‘Gifts in Homer’ Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies of the University of London. 36 (1989) 79-90

J.T. Hooker ‘Homeric society: a shame-culture? ’ Greece and Rome. 34 (87) 121-5

A.A. Long ‘Morals and values in Homer’ The journal of Hellenic studies. 90 (1970) 121-39

Most ‘Anger and pity in Homer's Iliad’, in S. Braund and G. Most (ed.), Ancient anger : perspectives from Homer to Galen (Yale Classical Studies 32, Cambridge 2003), 50-75

Roisman Loyalty in early Greek epic and tragedy (Meisenheim am Glan 1984)

C.J. Rowe ‘The nature of Homeric morality’, in C.A. Rubino and C.W. Shelmerdine (ed.) Approaches to Homer (Austin 1983) 248-75

Walcot Envy and the Greeks : a study of human behaviour. (Warminster 1978)

Williams Shame and necessity (Berkeley 1993)

Yamagata Homeric morality (Leiden 1994)

Zanker ‘Loyalty in the Iliad’ Papers of the Leeds international Latin seminar. Vol. 6 1990, Roman poetry and drama, Greek epic, comedy, rhetoric (1990) 211-28

Zanker The heart of Achilles : characterization and personal ethics in the "Iliad" (Ann Arbor 1994)


L. G. Canavero Women of substance in Homeric epic : objects, gender, agency ISBN: 9780198826309 (hbk.) : £70.00(Oxford 2018)

A.C. Geddes ‘Who’s who in Homeric society? ’ The Classical quarterly. 34 (1984) 17-36

Griffin, J. ‘Words and Speakers in Homer’, JHS; (The journal of Hellenic studies. ISSN: 0075-4269) 106 (1986): 36-57.

Haubold Homer's people : epic poetry and social formation (Cambridge 2000)

Arthur, M. B. (1981) “The divided world of Iliad VI” in Foley, H. P. Reflections of Women in Antiquity. New York. 19-44  

Martin, R. P. The language of heroes : speech and performance in the Iliad ISBN: 0801423538. Ithaca. (1989)

A.M. Snodgrass ‘An historical Homeric society? ’ The journal of Hellenic studies. 94 (1974) 114-5

C.G. Starr The aristocratic temper of Greek civilization (Oxford 1992)

van Wees Status warriors : war, violence and society in Homer and history (Amsterdam 1992)


E.H. Cline. The Trojan War : a very short introduction (New York 2013)

Finley The World of Odysseus (ed.2, Harmondsworth 1979)

Foxhall and J.K. Davies (ed.) The Trojan War : its historicity and context : papers of the first Greenbank Colloquium, Liverpool, 1981. (Bristol 1984)

J.V. Luce Homer and the heroic age (London 1975)

Page History and the Homeric Iliad (Berkeley 1959)

Wood In Search of the Trojan War (London 1985)

Oral poetry and composition

J.M. Bremer et al. (ed.) Homer : beyond oral poetry : recent trends in Homeric interpretation. (Amsterdam 1987)    

C.M. Bowra Heroic Poetry (London 1952)

Fenik Typical battle scenes in the Iliad : Studies in the narrative techniques of homeric battle description. (Wiesbaden 1968)

Finnegan Oral Poetry (Cambridge 1977)

Foley, J. M. Homer's traditional art ISBN: 9780271028101 (pbk.); 0271018704; 0271028106 (pbk.). Penn State Press. (1999).

G.P. Goold ‘The nature of Homeric composition’ Illinois classical studies. 2 (1977) 1-34

J.B. Hainsworth ‘The criticism of an oral Homer’ The journal of Hellenic studies. 90 (1970) 90-98

Heiden, B. “The placement of book divisions in the Iliad” JHS (The journal of Hellenic studies. ISSN: 0075-4269) 118 (1998). 68-81.

Janko ‘The Homeric poems as oral dictated texts’ The Classical quarterly. 48 (1998) 1-13

Kelly, A. ‘Neoanalysis and the Nestorbedrängnis: A Test-Case’, Hermes. ISSN: 0018-0777 134 2006.: 1–25

G.S. Kirk Homer and the oral tradition (Cambridge 1976)

Lloyd-Jones ‘Remarks on the Homeric Question’ in H. Lloyd-Jones etc. (ed.) History and Imagination (London 1981) 15-29, reprinted in Greek epic, lyric, and tragedy : the academic papers of Sir Hugh Lloyd-Jones. (Oxford 1990) 3-20

A.B. Lord The Singer of Tales (Cambridge MA 1960)

Notopoulos, J. A. ‘Parataxis in Homer: A New Approach to Homeric Literary Criticism’, TAPA (Transactions of the American Philological Association. ISSN: 0271-4442) 80 (1949).: 1-23

Parry The Making of Homeric Verse (London 1970)

The epic tradition

i) The Epic Cycle

J.S. Burgess The tradition of the Trojan War in Homer and the Epic Cycle (Baltimore 2001)

Davies Greek epic cycle (Bristol 1989)

Fantuzzi, M. and Tsagalis, C. (eds.) The Greek Epic Cycle and its ancient reception : a companion ISBN: 9781107012592 (hardback). Cambridge (2015)

M.L. West ‘Iliad and Aethiopis’, The Classical quarterly. 53 (2003) 1-14

M.L. West Greek Epic Fragments (Cambridge, Mass. 2003) [Loeb Classical Library online]

ii) The relationship between Homer and the visual arts

Snodgrass Homer and the artists : text and picture in early Greek art (Cambridge 1998)

Kannicht ‘Poetry and art: Homer and the monuments afresh’, Classical antiquity. 1 (1982) 70-92

Lowenstam ‘Talking vases: the relationship between the Homeric poems and archaic representations of epic myth’, Transactions of the American Philological Association. 127 (1997) 21-76

iii) Visual representations of scenes from the Iliad

M.J. Anderson The fall of Troy in early Greek poetry and art (Oxford 1997)

T.H. Carpenter Art and myth in ancient Greece : a handbook (London 1991)

K.F. Johansen The Iliad in early Greek art. (Copenhagen 1967)

H.A. Shapiro Myth into art : poet and painter in classical Greece (London 1994)

Schefold Gods and heroes in late archaic Greek art (Cambridge 1992)

von Bothmer ‘The death of Sarpedon’, in S.L. Hyatt (ed.), The Greek vase : papers based on lectures presented to a symposium held at Hudson Valley Community College at Troy, New York in April of 1979 (New York 1981), 63-80

Woodford The Trojan War in ancient art (London 1993)

Later reception

Clarke Homer's readers : a historical introduction to the Iliad and the Odyssey (London 1981)

Gillespie English translation and classical reception : towards a new literary history (Malden MA 2011)

Graziosi Inventing Homer: the early reception of epic (Cambridge 2002)

Graziosi and E. Greenwood (ed.), Homer in the twentieth century : between world literature and the western canon (Oxford, 2008)

Hardwick and C. Stray (ed) A companion to classical receptions (Malden MA 2011)

Hunter, R. The measure of Homer : the ancient reception of the Iliad and the Odyssey ISBN: 9781108583848 (e-book) (Cambridge 2018)

Lamberton & J.J. Keaney (eds) Homer's ancient readers : the hermeneutics of Greek epic's earliest exegetes (Princeton 1992)

J.L. Myres Homer and his critics (London 1958)

Oswald, A. Memorial : an excavation of the Iliad ISBN: 9780571274185 (pbk.) : £9.99; 0571274188 (pbk.) : £9.99 (London 2011)

Shay 'Learning about combat stress from Homer's Iliad'. Journal of traumatic stress. 4 (1991), 61-79

Shay, Achilles in Vietnam : combat trauma and the undoing of character (New York, 1994)

Steiner, ‘Homer in English translation’, in R. Fowler (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Homer (Cambridge 2004), 363-75

Tatum The mourner's song : war and remembrance from The Iliad to Vietnam. Chicago 2003

Vandiver Stand in the trench, Achilles : classical receptions in British poetry of the Great War (Oxford 2010)

M.M. Winkler (ed.) Troy : from Homer's Iliad to Hollywood epic (Oxford 2007)

This list was last updated on 10/10/2020