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CLAS3790
Module Reading List

Greek Tragedy, 2020/21, Semester 2
Prof. Malcolm Heath
m.f.heath@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

1.  Translations  

The prescribed translations are:

Sophocles Ajax and Philoctetes, tr. Raeburn, D. (in Electra and Other Plays, Penguin 2008)

Euripides Medea, tr. Morwood, J. (in Oxford World's Classics, 1998)

Euripides Heracles, tr. Waterfield, R. (in Oxford World's Classics, 2003) 

For more detailed study you may consult the translations (with commentary) in the Aris & Phillips series: these are available for Ajax, Hecabe and Heracles (details below), but not yet for Women of Trachis.

Also suitable for detailed study are the recent translations in the Loeb Classical Library:

Lloyd-Jones, H. (ed./trans.) Sophocles (Cambridge MA 1994-6): Ajax is in vol. 1, Women of Trachisin vol. 2

Kovacs, D. (ed./trans.) Euripides ( Cambridge MA 1995-2002): Hecuba is in vol. 2, Heracles in vol. 3

If you use the Loeb translations, make sure that you have these new versions (by Lloyd-Jones and Kovacs), which are very good, not the older versions (by Storr and Way), which are very bad.

 

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2.  Greek Tragedy

Surveys and Introductions

Baldock, M.Greek tragedy : an introduction( Bristol 1989)

Brown, A. A new companion to Greek tragedy ( London 1983)

Easterling, P. (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Greek Tragedy ( Cambridge 1998)

Garland, R. Surviving Greek tragedy (London 2004) [on how the plays were preserved and transmitted]

Gregory, J. A companion to Greek tragedy (Oxford 2005)

Rehm, R. Greek tragic theatre ( London 1992)

Sommerstein, A.H. Greek drama and dramatists (London 2002)

Webster, T.B.L. Greek tragedy ( Greece and Rome New Surveys 5, 1971)

Zimmermann, B.Greek tragedy : an introduction( Baltimore 1991)

 

Collections of Essays

McAuslan, I. & Walcot, P. (edd) Greek tragedy ( Oxford 1993)

Gredley, B. (ed.) Essays on Greek Drama in Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 34 (1987)]

Gould, T.F. & Herington, C.J. (edd) Greek Tragedy[Yale Classical Studies.. 25 (1977)]

Rosenbloom, R. & Davidson, J. (edd),Greek drama IV texts, contexts, performance (Oxford 2012)

Segal, E. (ed.) Oxford readings in Greek tragedy ( Oxford 1983)

Silk, M. (ed.) Tragedy and the tragic : Greek theatre and beyond ( Oxford 1996)

 

Interpretation and Literary Criticism: various aspects

Belfiore, E. Murder among friends : violation of philia in Greek tragedy (Oxford 2000)

Burnett, A.P. Revenge in Attic and later tragedy ( Berkeley 1998)

Buxton, R. Persuasion in Greek Tragedy ( Cambridge 1982)

Easterling, P.E. ‘Constructing Character in Greek Tragedy’ in Pelling, C.B.R. (ed.) Characterization and individuality in Greek literature ( Oxford 1990) 83-99

Foley, H. ‘Choral Identity in Greek Tragedy’, Classical Philology. 98 (2003) 1-30

Goldhill, S. Reading Greek tragedy ( Cambridge 1986)

Gould, J. ‘Dramatic Character in Greek Tragedy’ Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society. 24 (1978) 17-27, reprinted in Gould, J. Myth, ritual, memory, and exchange : essays in Greek literature and culture (Oxford 2001) ch. 3

Goward, B. Telling tragedy : narrative technique in Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides ( London 1998)

Heath, M. The poetics of Greek tragedy ( London 1987)

Jones, J. On Aristotle and Greek Tragedy ( London 1962)

Kitto, H.D.F. Greek Tragedy: A Literary Study ( London 1966)

Knox, B.M.W. Word and action : essays on the ancient theater ( Baltimore 1979)

Lattimore, R. The Poetry of Greek Tragedy ( Baltimore 1958)

Lattimore, R. Story patterns in Greek tragedy ( London 1964)

Lesky, A. Greek tragic poetry ( New Haven 1983)

Padel, R. In and out of the mind : Greek images of the tragic self ( Princeton 1992)

Seaford, R. Reciprocity and ritual : Homer and tragedy in the developing city-state ( Oxford 1994)

Segal, C. Interpreting Greek tragedy : myth, poetry, text ( Ithaca NY 1986)

Stinton, T.C.W. ‘ Hamartia in Aristotle and Greek Tragedy’ The Classical quarterly. 25 (1975) 221-54; reprinted in T.C.W. Stinton Collected papers on Greek tragedy ( Oxford 1990) 143-85

Taplin, O. Greek Tragedy in Action ( London 1978)

Vickers, B. Towards Greek tragedy : drama, myth, society ( London 1973)

 

Theatre and Performance

Csapo, E. & Slater, W. The context of ancient drama ( Ann Arbor 1994)

Dale, A.M. ‘Seen and Unseen on the Greek Stage’ in A.M. Dale Collected papers of A. M. Dale. ( Cambridge 1969) ch. 9

Dale, A.M. ‘The Chorus in the Action of Greek Tragedy’ in A.M. Dale Collected papers of A. M. Dale ( Cambridge 1969) ch. 19

Dickin, M.A vehicle for performance : acting the messenger in Greek tragedy (Lanham, MD 2008)

Green, J.R. Theatre in Ancient Greek Society ( London 1994)

Pickard-Cambridge, A.W. The theatre of Dionysus in Athens ( Oxford 1946)

Pickard-Cambridge, A.W. The Dramatic Festivals of Athens (ed.2, Oxford 1968)

Simon, E. The ancient theatre ( London 1982)

Taplin, O. The stagecraft of Aeschylus : the dramatic use of exits and entrances in Greek tragedy ( Oxford 1977)

Walcot, P. Greek drama in its theatrical and social context ( Cardiff 1976)

Wiles, D. Greek theatre performance : an introduction (Cambridge 2000)

Wiles, D. Tragedy in Athens : performance space and theatrical meaning ( Cambridge 1997)

 

Religion

Burkert, W. ‘Greek Tragedy and Sacrificial Ritual’ Greek, Roman, and Byzantine studies. 7 (1966) 87-121

Burkert, W. Greek Religion ( Oxford 1985)

Lloyd-Jones, H. The Justice of Zeus (Berkeley 1971; revised 1984)

Mikalson, J. Honor thy gods : popular religion in Greek tragedy ( Chapel Hill 1991)

Parker, R. Miasma ( Oxford 1983)

Parker, R. ‘Gods Cruel and Kind: Tragic and Civic Theology’ in Pelling, C. (ed.) Greek tragedy and the historian ( Oxford 1997) 143-60

Scullion, S. ‘“Nothing To Do with Dionysus”: Tragedy Misconceived as Ritual’ The Classical quarterly. 52 (2002) 102-37

Sourvinou-Inwood, C. ‘Tragedy and Religion: Constructs and Readings ’ in Pelling, C. (ed.) Greek tragedy and the historian ( Oxford 1997) 161-86

Sourvinou-Inwood, C. Tragedy and Athenian religion (Lanham MD 2003)

 

Women in Tragedy

Des Bouvrie, S.Women in Greek tragedy : an anthropological approach[ Symbolae Osloenses. Suppl. 27, 1990]

Easterling, P.E. ‘Women in Tragic Space’ Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 34 (1987) 15-26

Fantham, E. et al. (ed.) Women in the classical world : image and text ( Oxford 1994)

Foley, H.P. Female acts in Greek tragedy (Princeton 2001)

Foley, H.P (ed.) Reflections of Women in Antiquity ( New York 1981)

Gould, J. ‘Law, Custom and Myth: Aspects of the Social Position of Women in Fifth-century Athens ’ The journal of Hellenic studies 100 (1980) 38-59, reprinted in Gould, J. Myth, ritual, memory, and exchange : essays in Greek literature and culture (Oxford 2001) ch. 4

Just, R. Women in Athenian law and life (London 1989)

Lefkowitz, M.R. Women in Greek Myth (London 1986)

Loraux, N. Tragic ways of killing a woman ( London 1981)

McClure, L. Spoken like a woman : speech and gender in Athenian drama ( Princeton 1999)

Pomeroy, S. Goddesses, Whores, Wives and Slaves ( London 1976)

Powell, A. (ed.) Euripides, women, and sexuality ( London 1990)

Shaw, M. ‘The Female Intruder: Women in Fifth-century Drama’ Classical Philology 70 (1975) 255-66

Wiersma, S. ‘Women in Sophocles’ Mnemosyne. 37 (1984) 25-55

 

Social and Ideological Background

Carter, D.M. The politics of Greek tragedy (Bristol 2007)

Carter, D.M. (ed).,Why Athens? : a reappraisal of tragic politics(Oxford 2011)

Dover, K.J. Greek Popular Morality ( Oxford 1974)

Goldhill, S. ‘The Great Dionysia and Civic Ideology’ in Winkler, J. & Zeitlin, F. (edd), Nothing to do with Dionysos? : Athenian drama in its social context ( Princeton 1990) 97-129

Gould, J. ‘Hiketeia’ The journal of Hellenic studies. 93 (1973) 74-103, reprinted in Gould, J. Myth, ritual, memory, and exchange : essays in Greek literature and culture (Oxford 2001) ch. 2 [on supplication]

Griffin, J. ‘The Social Function of Attic Tragedy’ The Classical quarterly. 48 (1998) 39-61

Griffin, J. ‘Sophocles and the Democratic City’, in Griffin, J. (ed.) Sophocles revisited : essays presented to Sir Hugh Lloyd-Jones ( Oxford 1999) 73-94

Hall, E. Inventing the barbarian : Greek self-definition through tragedy ( Oxford 1989)

Seaford, R. ‘The Social Function of Attic Tragedy: A Response to Jasper Griffin ’ The Classical quarterly. 50 (2000) 30-44

Walcot, P. Greek drama in its theatrical and social context ( Cardiff 1976)

 

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3.  Sophocles

General

Blundell, M.W. Helping friends and harming enemies : a study in Sophocles and Greek ethics ( Cambridge 1989)

Burton, R.W.B. The chorus in Sophocles' tragedies ( Oxford 1980)

Buxton, R.G.A. Sophocles ( Greece and Rome New Surveys 16, 1984)

Easterling, P. ‘Character in Sophocles’ Greece and Rome. 24 (1977) 121-9; reprinted in Segal, E. (ed.) Oxford readings in Greek tragedy ( Oxford 1983) 138-45 and McAuslan, I. & Walcot, P. (edd) Greek tragedy ( Oxford 1993) 58-65

Gellie, G. Sophocles : a reading ( Melbourne 1972)

Kirkwood, G.M. A study of Sophoclean drama : with a new preface and enlarged bibliographical note ( Ithaca NY 1958)

Knox, B.M.W. The heroic temper : studies in Sophoclean tragedy ( Berkeley 1966)

Musurillo, H. The light and the darkness : Studies in the dramatic poetry of Sophocles (Leiden 1967)

Reinhardt, K. Sophocles ( Oxford 1979)

Segal, C.P. Tragedy and Civilization: An Interpretation of Sophocles (Cambridge MA 1981)

Segal, C.P. Sophocles' tragic world : divinity, nature, society ( Cambridge MA 1995)

Waldock, A.J.A. Sophocles the dramatist ( Cambridge 1951)

Webster, T.B.L. An Introduction to Sophocles (Oxford 1936)

Wilamowitz, T. Die dramatische Technik des Sophokles (Berlin 1917): for those who do not read German, there is a summary in Lloyd-Jones, H. Blood for the ghosts : classical influences in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries (London 1982) ch. 19

Winnington-Ingram, R.P. Sophocles: an interpretation (Cambridge 1980)

 

Sophocles Ajax

Ajax: Garvie, A. (Warminster 1998)

Blundell, M.W. Helping friends and harming enemies : a study in Sophocles and Greek ethics (Cambridge 1989) ch. 3

Bradshaw, D.J. ‘The Ajax Myth and the Polis: Old Values and New’ in Pozzi, D.C. & Wickersham, J.M. (ed.) Myth and the polis ( Ithaca NY 1991) 99-125

Burian, P. ‘Supplication and Hero-Cult in Sophocles’ Ajax’ Greek, Roman, and Byzantine studies 13 (1972) 151-6

Burton, R.W.B. The chorus in Sophocles' tragedies ( Oxford 1980) ch. 1

Crane, G. ‘ Ajax, the Unexpected and the Deception Speech’ Classical Philology. 85 (1990) 89-101

Easterling, P.E. ‘The Tragic Homer’ Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies of the University of London. 31 (1984) 1-8

Evans, J.A.S. ‘A Reading of Sophocles' Ajax ’ Quaderni urbinati di cultura classica. 38 (1991) 69-85

Garrison, E.P. Groaning tears : ethical and dramatic aspects of suicide in Greek tragedy (Kinderhook NY, 1995)

Heath, M. and OKell, E.R. 'Sophocles' Ajax: expect the unexpected', The Classical quarterly. 57 (2007) 353-80

Henrichs, A. ‘The Tomb of Aias and the Prospect of Hero Cult in Sophokles’Classical Antiquity.12 (1993) 165-80

Hesk, J.Sophocles: Ajax(London 2003)

Holt, P. ‘ Ajax ’s Burial in Early Greek Epic’ The American Journal of Philology. 113 (1992) 319-31

Kirkwood, G.M. ‘Homer and Sophocles’ Ajax ’, in Anderson, M.J. (ed.) Classical Drama and its Influence (London 1965) 51-70

Knox, B.M.W. The heroic temper : studies in Sophoclean tragedy ( Berkeley 1966) chs. 1-2

Knox, B.M.W. Word and action : essays on the ancient theater ( Baltimore 1979) ch. 11

Lawrence, S. ‘Ancient Ethics, the Heroic Code, and the Morality of Sophocles’ Ajax ’, Greece and Rome 52 (2005), 18-33

Ley, G. ‘A Scenic Plot of Sophocles’ Ajax and PhiloctetesEranos. 86 (1988) 85-115

March, J.R. ‘Sophocles’ Ajax : The Death and Burial of a Hero’ Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies of the University of London. 38 (1991-1993) 1-36

Moore, J. ‘The Dissembling Speech of Ajax ’ Yale Classical Studies. 25 (1977) 47-66

O’Higgins, D. ‘The Second Best of the Achaeans’ Hermathena. 147 (1989) 43-56

Ormond, K. ‘Silent by Convention: Sophocles’ Tecmessa’ The American Journal of Philology. 117 (1996) 37-64

Poe, J.P. Genre and meaning in Sophocles' Ajax ( Frankfurt 1987)

Reinhardt, K. Sophocles ( Oxford 1979) ch. 1

Scullion, S. Three studies in Athenian Dramaturgy ( Stuttgart 1994) 89-128 (‘The Staging of Sophokles’s Aias ’)

Sicherl, M. ‘The Tragic Issue in Sophocles’ Ajax ’ Yale Classical Studies. 25 (1977) 67-98

Taplin, O. ‘Yielding to Forethought’, Arktouros : Hellenic studies presented to Bernard M.W. Knox on the occasion of his 65th birthday (Knox Festschrift, 1979) 122-9

Winnington-Ingram, R.P. Sophocles: an interpretation ( Cambridge 1980) chs. 2-3

Zanker, G. ‘Sophocles’ Ajax and the Heroic Values of the IliadThe Classical quarterly. 42 (1992) 20-25

 

Sophocles Women of Trachis

Trachiniae Commentary: Easterling, P.E. ( Cambridge 1982)

Burton, R.W.B. The chorus in Sophocles' tragedies ( Oxford 1980) ch. 2

Carawan, E. ‘Deianira’s Guilt’ Transactions of the American Philological Association. 130 (2000) 189-237

Davies, M. ‘Lichas’ Lying Tale: Sophocles’ Trachiniae 260ff’ The Classical quarterly. 34 (1984) 480-91

Easterling, P.E. ‘The End of the TrachiniaeIllinois classical studies. 6 (1981) 56-74

Fowler, R.L. ‘Three places of the Trachiniae ’ in Griffin, J. (ed.) Sophocles revisited : essays presented to Sir Hugh Lloyd-Jones ( Oxford 1999) 161-76

Friis Johansen, H. ‘Heracles in Sophocles’ TrachiniaeClassica et Mediaevalia. 37 (1986) 47-61

Hahnemann, C. ‘Mount Oita Revisited: Sophokles’ Trachiniai in Light of the Evidence of Aischylos’ HerakleidaiZeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 126 (1999) 67-73

Hamstead, S. 'On Blurring Boundaries in Sophokles' Trachiniai' in Rosenbloom, R. & Davidson, J. (edd),Greek drama IV texts, contexts, performance(Oxford 2012) 204-24

Heiden, B. ‘Lichas’ Rhetoric of Justice in Sophocles’ TrachiniaeHermes. 116 (1988) 13-23

Heiden, B. Tragic rhetoric : an interpretation of Sophocles' "Trachiniae" ( New York 1989)

Hoey, T.F. ‘Ambiguity in the Exodos of Sophocles’ TrachiniaeArethusa 10 (1977) 269-94

Holt, P. ‘The End of the Trachiniai and the Fate of Heracles’ Journal of Hellenic Studies 109 (1989) 69-80

Levett, B. Sophocles : Women of Trachis (London 2003)

MacKinnon, J.K. ‘Heracles’ Second Request to Hyllus’ The Classical quarterly. 21 (1971) 33-41

March, J. The Creative Poet ( Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies of the University of London. Supplement 49, 1987) 49-77

Mikalson, J.D. ‘Zeus the Father and Heracles the Son in Tragedy’ Transactions of the American Philological Association. 116 (1986) 89-98

Reinhardt, K. Sophocles ( Oxford 1979) ch. 2

Segal, C.P. ‘The Oracles of Sophocles’ Trachiniae: Convergence or Confusion? ’ Classical Philology. 100 (2000) 151-71

Sorum, C.E. ‘Monsters in the Family: The Exodos of Sophocles’ TrachiniaeGreek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 19 (1978) 59-73

Stinton, T.C.W. ‘The Scope and Limit of Allusion in Greek Tragedy’ in Stinton, T.C.W. Collected papers on Greek tragedy ( Oxford 1990) 454-492

Stinton, T.C.W. ‘The Apotheosis of Heracles from the Pyre’ in Stinton, T.C.W. Collected papers on Greek tragedy ( Oxford 1990) 493-508

Wender, D. ‘The Will of the Beast: Sexual Imagery in the TrachiniaeRamus. 3 (1974) 1-17

Winnington-Ingram, R.P. Sophocles: an interpretation ( Cambridge 1980) ch. 4

 

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4.  Euripides

General

Arnott, W.G. ‘Off-Stage Cries and the Choral Presence: Some Challenges to Theatrical Convention in Euripides’ Antichthon. 16 (1982) 35-43

Barlow, S. The Imagery of Euripides ( London 1971)

Burnett, A.P. Catastrophe survived : Euripides' plays of mixed reversal ( Oxford 1971)

Collard, C. ‘Formal Debates in Euripides’ Tragedies’ Greece and Rome 22 (1975) 58-71; reprinted in McAuslan, I. & Walcot, P. (ed.) Greek tragedy ( Oxford 1993) 153-66

Collard, C.Euripides( Greece and Rome New Surveys14, 1981)

Conacher, D. Euripidean drama : myth, theme and structure ( Toronto 1967)

Conacher, D. ‘Rhetoric and Relevance in Euripidean Drama’ American Journal of Philology 102 (1981) 3-25

Conacher, D. Euripides and the Sophists : some dramatic treatments of philosophical ideas ( London 1998)

Cropp, M., Lee, K. & Sansone, D. (ed.)Euripides and tragic theatre in the late fifth century(Champaign IL 2000) Illinois classical studies. 24-5 (1999-2000)

Foley, H. Ritual irony : poetry and sacrifice in Euripides ( Ithaca NY 1985)

Grube, G.M.A. The drama of Euripides ( London 1941)

Gregory, J. Euripides and the instruction of the Athenians ( Ann Arbor 1991)

Halleran, M. Stagecraft in Euripides ( London 1985)

De Jong, I. Narrative in drama : the art of the Euripidean messenger-speech ( Leiden 1991)

Kovacs, D. The heroic muse : studies in the Hippolytus and Hecuba of Euripides ( Baltimore 1987)

Lloyd, M. The agon in Euripides ( Oxford 1992)

Mastronarde, D. The art of Euripides : dramatic technique and social context (Cambridge 2010)

Michelini, A.N. Euripides and the tragic tradition ( Madison WI 1987)

Mossman, J. (ed.) Euripides (Oxford 2003)

Segal, C. Dionysiac Poetics and Euripides’ Bacchae ( Princeton 1982)

Webster, T.B.L. The tragedies of Euripides. ( London 1962)

Yunis, H. A new creed : fundamental religious beliefs in the Athenian Polis and Euripidean drama ( Hypomnemata 91, Göttingen 1988)

 

Euripides Hecabe

Hecuba Commentary: Collard, C. (Warminster: Aris & Phillips 1991); Hecuba Tierney, M. (1946, repr. Bristol Classical Press 1979).

A fuller bibliography can be found in the book by J. Mossman listed below; the article by M. Heath, on the history of the play’s reception, also has further references to modern interpretations of the play.

Adkins, A.W.H. ‘Basic Greek Values in Euripides’ Hecuba and Hercules FurensThe Classical quarterly. 16 (1966) 193-219

Burnett, A.P. ‘Hekabe the Dog’ Arethusa 27 (1994) 151-64

Fletcher, J. 'Law and Spectacle in Euripides' Hecuba' in Rosenbloom, R. & Davidson, J. (edd), Greek drama IV texts, contexts, performance (Oxford 2012) 225-43

Heath, M. ‘“Iure principem locum tenet”: Euripides’ HecubaBulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies of the University of London. 34 (1987) 40-68 (reprinted in Mossman, J. (ed.) Oxford Readings in Euripides (Oxford 2003) 218-60)

Love, H. 'Polyshocks: The Dramatic and Rhetorical Functions of Polyxena, Polydorus, and Polymestor in Euripides' Hecuba' in Rosenbloom, R. & Davidson, J. (edd),Greek drama IV texts, contexts, performance(Oxford 2012) 72-94

Mercier, C.E. ‘Hekabe’s Extended Supplication ( Hec. 752-888)’ Transactions of the American Philological Association. 123 (1993) 149-160

Meridor, R. ‘Hecuba’s Revenge’ American Journal of Philology 99 (1978) 28-35

Meridor, R. ‘The Function of Polymestor’s Crime in the Hecuba of Euripides’ Eranos. 81 (1983) 13-20

Mossman, J. Wild justice : a study of Euripides' Hecuba ( Oxford 1995)

Nussbaum, M.C. The Fragility of Goodness ( Cambridge 1986) ch. 13

Reckford, K. ‘Concepts of Demoralisation in the Hecuba ’ in Burian, P. (ed.) Directions in Euripidean criticism : a collection of essays ( Durham NC 1985) 112-28

Salmon, G.R. ‘Aristocratic Obligations in Euripides’ HekabeMnemosyne 48 (1995) 11-33

Thalmann, W.G. ‘Euripides and Aeschylus: The Case of the HekabeClassical Antiquity. 12 (1993) 126-159

 

Euripides Heracles 

Heracles Commentary: Barlow, S. (Warminster: Aris & Phillips 1996); Heracles Bond, G.W. ( Oxford 1981).

Adkins, A.W.H. ‘Basic Greek Values in Hecuba and HeraclesThe Classical quarterly. 16 (1966) 193-219

Barlow, S. ‘Structure and Dramatic Realism in Euripides’ HeraclesGreece and Rome 29 (1982) 115-125; reprinted in McAuslan, I. & Walcot, P. (edd) Greek Tragedy ( Oxford 1993) 193-203

Brown, A.L. ‘Wretched Tales of Poets: Euripides, Heracles 1340-6’ Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society. 24 (1978) 22-30

Burnett, A.P. Catastrophe survived : Euripides' plays of mixed reversal ( Oxford 1971) ch. 7

Chalk, H. ‘ Arete and Bia in Euripides’ HeraclesJournal of Hellenic Studies 82 (1962) 7-18

Dunn, F.M. ‘Ends and Means in Euripides’ Heracles’ in Roberts, D.H., Dunn, F.M. & Fowler, D. (ed.) Classical closure : reading the end in Greek and Latin literature (Princeton 1997) 83-111

Fitzgerald, G.T. ‘The Euripidean Heracles: An Intellectual and a Coward’ Mnemosyne 54 (1991) 85-95

Galinsky, G.K. The Herakles Theme ( Oxford 1972)

Garrison, E.P. Groaning tears : ethical and dramatic aspects of suicide in Greek tragedy: (Kinderhook NY, 1995)

George, D.B. ‘Euripides’ Heracles 140-235: Staging and the Stage Iconography of Heracles’ Bow’ Greek, Roman, and Byzantine studies. 35 (1994) 145-57

Griffiths, E.Euripides : Heracles(London 2006)

Hamilton, R. ‘Slings and Arrows: The Debate with Lycus in the HeraclesTransactions of the American Philological Association. 115 (1985) 19-25

Hartigan, K. ‘Euripidean Madness: Herakles and Orestes’ Greece and Rome e 34 (1987) 126-35

Krauss, C.S. ‘Dangerous Supplements: Etymology and Genealogy in Euripides’ HeraclesProceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society. 44 (1998) 137-57

Lee, K.H. ‘The Iris–Lyssa Scene in Euripides’ HeraclesAntichthon. 16 (1982) 44-53

Mikalson, J.D. ‘Zeus the Father and Heracles the Son in Tragedy’ Transactions of the American Philological Association. 116 (1986) 89-98

Mills, S. Theseus, tragedy, and the Athenian Empire ( Oxford 1997) 129-59

Padilla, M. ‘Heroic Paternity in Euripides’ HeraclesArethusa 27 (1994) 279-302

Parry, H. ‘The Second Stasimon of HeraclesAmerican Journal of Philology 86 (1965) 363-74

Stinton, T.C.W. ‘Si credere dignum est: Some Expressions of Disbelief in Euripides and Others’ Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society. 22 (1976) 60-89; reprinted in Stinton, T.C.W. Collected papers on Greek tragedy ( Oxford 1990) 236-64 

Silk, M.S. ‘Heracles and Greek Tragedy’ Greece and Rome 32 (1985) 1-22, reprinted in McAuslan, I. & Walcot, P. (ed.) Greek tragedy ( Oxford 1993) 116-37

Walker, J.J. Theseus and Athens ( New York 1995)

Woodford, S. ‘Cults of Herakles in Athens ’ in D.G. Mitten et al. (edd) Studies presented to George M.A. Hanfmann ( Mainz 1971) 211-35

Yoshitake, S. ‘Disgrace, Grief and Other Ills: Herakles’ Rejection of Suicide’ Journal of Hellenic Studies 114 (1994) 135-153

 

This list was last updated on 16/09/2020