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Module Reading List

Unfinished Business: Trauma, Cultural Memory and the Holocaust, 2020/21, Semester 2
Dr Anna Koch
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Unfinished Business: Trauma, Cultural Memory and the Holocaust

Week 1


Gil Anidjar, ‘Against History’ in Marc Nichanian, The historiographic perversion ISBN: 9780231149082 (cloth : alk. paper); 0231149085 (cloth : alk. paper), trans. Anidjar (New York: Columbia University Press, 2009), 125-160.

David Cesarani, ‘Introduction’, Final solution : the fate of the Jews 1933-1949 ISBN: 9780230754560 (hbk.); 0230754562 (hbk.); 9780230771758 (ePub ebook) (London: Macmillan, 2016), xxv-xl.

Saul Friedländer, ‘Introduction’, Probing the limits of representation : Nazism and the "final solution" ISBN: 0674707656 (acid-free paper); 9780674707658 (acid-free paper); 0674707664 (pbk. ; acid-free paper); 9780674707665 (pbk. ; acid-free paper) (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992)

Tom Lawson, ‘Britain’s Promise to Forget: Some Historiographical Reflections on What Do Students Know and Understand about the Holocaust?’ 

 Film screenings: Chasing Shadows (1990, dir. Naomi Gryn) & Night and fog (1955, dir. Alain Resnais)

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Week 2

Trauma, Testimony and Witnessing

Key text:

Dori Laub, ‘An event without a witness: Truth, Testimony and Survival’ in Dori Laub and Shoshana Felman. eds., Testimony : crises of witnessing in literature, psychoanalysis, and history New York ; London : Routledge, 1992

Shoshana Felman, ‘A Ghost in the House of Justice: Death and the Language of the Law,’ The juridical unconscious : trials and traumas in the twentieth century ISBN: 0674009517 (paper : alk. paper); 0674009312 (Cambridge: Harvard, 2002), 131-166.   Available online

Other important texts:

Cathy Caruth, ‘Introduction,’ Trauma : explorations in memory (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1995), 3-12.

Primo Levi, Preface and Ch.1 ‘The Memory of the Offence,’ The drowned and the saved, trans. Raymond Rosenthal (London: Abacus, 1989), 1-21.

Charlotte Delbo, extract from None of us will return

Jean Améry, ‘Torture,’ At the mind's limits : contemplations by a survivor on Auschwitz and its realities, 21-40

Further reading

Roger Luckhurst, The trauma question (London: Routledge, 2008),provides a good overview of the theoretical evolution of the concept of trauma and studies of trauma and film, literature and art relevant to this module.

Richard McNally, Remembering trauma ISBN: 0674018028 (pbk.) : £12.95 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005).

Noah Shenker, Reframing Holocaust testimony ISBN: 9780253017093 (cl : alk. paper); 9780253017130 (pb : alk. paper); 9780253017178 (eb) (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2015)

On Trauma

Saul Friedländer, ‘Trauma, Memory and Transference,’ in Geoffrey Hartman, ed., Holocaust remembrance : the shapes of memory (Oxford: Blackwell, 1994), 252-263.

Dori Laub, ‘Bearing Witness, or the Vicissitudes of Listening,’ in Felman and Laub, Testimony : crises of witnessing in literature, psychoanalysis, and history 57-74 .

Lawrence Langer, Holocaust testimonies : the ruins of memory (New Haven; London: Yale University Press, 1991).

Eric Santner, ‘History Beyond the Pleasure Principle’ in Friedländer, ed., Probing the limits of representation : Nazism and the "Final Solution" 143-154 .


Robert Antelme The human race  (1947)

Janina Bauman Winter in the morning : a young girl's life in the Warsaw Ghetto and beyond, 1939-1945  (1991)

Tadeusz Borowski, This way for the gas, ladies and gentlemen  (1948)

Charlotte Delbo,  None of us will return  (1965)

Sarah Kofman, Rue Ordener, rue Labat  (1994)

Primo Levi, If this is a man ; and The truce  (1958)

Giuliana Tedeschi There is a place on earth : a woman in Birkenau  (1988)

Elie Wiesel Night  (1958)

Film screening: Kitty: Return to Auschwitz ISBN: 0755101367 (1979, Yorkshire Television)

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Week 3

Stolen Childhoods and the Feminisation of the Holocaust: The Life and Death of Anne Frank

Key text:

The diary of Anne Frank new complete edition 1997

Alexandra Zapruder, ed., Salvaged pages : young writers' diaries of the Holocaust. ISBN: 9780300127416 (e-book) (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002).

Further reading

Zoe Waxman, Women in the Holocaust : a feminist history ISBN: 9780191090707 (e-book) (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

Griselda Pollock, ‘Stilled Life: Traumatic knowing, political violence, and the dying of Anna Frank,’  Mortality, 12.2 (2007): 124-141.

Film screening:

The Last Stage (1948, dir. Wanda Jakubowska)   

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Week 4

Holocaust Memoirs

Janina Bauman, Winter in the morning : a young girl's life in the Warsaw Ghetto and beyond, 1939-1945  (1991)

Charlotte Delbo,  None of us will return  (1965)

Primo Levi, If this is a man  (1958)

Elie Wiesel, Night   (1958)

Susan Rubin Suleiman, "Problems of Memory and Factuality in Recent Holocaust Memoirs: Wilkomirski/Wiesel."

Jeremy D. Popkin, "Holocaust Memories, Historians' Memoirs: First-Person Narrative and the Memory of the Holocaust."



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Week 5

Stories of Guilt and Innocence

Tony Judt, "The Past Is Another Country: Myth and Memory in Postwar Europe," Daedalus, Vol. 121, No. 4, Immobile Democracy? (Fall, 1992), pp. 83-118. 

Giorgio Bassani, "A Plaque on Via Mazzini ," in Five Stories of Ferrara  




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Week 7

The Banality of Evil

Hannah Arendt, Eichmann in Jerusalem

Felman, Shoshana. “Theaters of Justice: Arendt in Jerusalem, the Eichmann Trial, and the Redefinition of Legal Meaning in the Wake of the Holocaust.” Critical Inquiry, vol. 27, no. 2, 2001, pp. 201–238. JSTOR, Accessed 14 Dec. 2020.


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Week 8

Auschwitz and After: History, Philosophy and Representation

Key text

Theodor Adorno, ‘Commitment’ 1962 in The Essential Frankfurt School reader  New York : Urizen Books,1978

Other important texts:

Theodor W. Adorno, ‘After Auschwitz’ [1966] in Negative dialectics, trans. E. B. Ashton (London: Routledge, 1973), 361-364.

Michael Rothberg, ‘After Adorno: Culture in the Wake of Catastrophe,’ in Traumatic realism : the demands of Holocaust representation (Minneapolis; London: University of Minnesota Press, 2000), 25-58.

Further reading:

Josh Cohen, ‘The Ever-Broken Promise of Happiness’ in Interrupting Auschwitz (New York; London: Continuum, 2005), 25-69.

Film screening:

Diamonds of the Night (1963, dir. Jan Nemec)


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The Commemoration Debate

Key text:

James Young, ‘Memory and the End of the Holocaust,’ in Shelley Hornstein and Florence Jacobowitz, eds., Image and remembrance : representation and the Holocaust  (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002), 59-78

Other important texts:

Daniel Libeskind, ‘Trauma,’ in Hornstein and Jacobowitz, 43-58, Image and remembrance : representation and the Holocaust

Andreas Huyssen, ‘Monuments and Holocaust Memory in a Media Age,’ Twilight memories : marking time in a culture of amnesia (London: Routledge, 1995), 249-260

Topic 1: Holocaust Memorials and Counter Memorials: Germany

Peter Carrier, Holocaust monuments and national memory cultures in France and Germany since 1989 : the origins and political function of the Vél' d'Hiv' in Paris and the Holocaust Monument in Berlin (New York; Oxford: Berghahn, 2005).

Mark Godfrey, Abstraction and the Holocaust (New Haven, CT; London: Yale University Press, 2007).

Jennifer A. Jordan, Structures of memory : understanding urban change in Berlin and beyond (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2006).

Sybil Milton and Ira Nowinsky, In fitting memory : the art and politics of Holocaust memorials (Detroit: Wayne State University Press; Berkeley: Judah L. Magnes Museum, 1991).


Karen E. Till, The new Berlin : memory, politics, place (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2005).

Monica Bohm Duchen Art After Auschwitz : responses to the Holocaust in contemporary art and Young The Art of Memory

James Young, ‘Memory Against Itself,’ in At memory's edge : after-images of the Holocaust in contemporary art and architecture, 120-152

Topic 2: Auschwitzland

Andrew Charlesworth and Michael Addis, ‘Memorialization and the Ecological Landscapes of Holocaust Sites: The cases of Plaszow and Auschwitz-Birkenau’, Landscape research. 27.3 (2002): 229-251.

Tim Cole, ‘Auschwitz,’ in Images of the Holocaust : the myth of the 'Shoah business' (London: Duckworth, 1999), 97-120.

Georges Didi-Huberman, Bark ISBN: 9780262036849 (hardcover : alkaline paper) (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2017).  

Debórah Dwork and Robert van Pelt, Auschwitz 1270 to the present (New York: Norton, 1996), esp. 354-378.

Isabelle Engelhardt, A topography of memory : representations of the Holocaust at Dachau and Buchenwald in comparison with Auschwitz, Yad Vashem and Washington D.C. ISBN: 9052019576; 9789052019574; 0820446777; 9780820446776. (Bern: Peter Lang, 2002).

Jonathan Huener, Auschwitz, Poland, and the politics of commemoration, 1945-1979 (Athens: Ohio University Press, 2003).

Jonathan Webber, ‘The Kingdom of Death as a Heritage Site: Making Sense of Auschwitz,’ in William Logan, Máiréad Nic Craith and Ullrich Kockel, eds., A companion to heritage studies (Chichester: Wiley and Sons, 2015), 115-132.

Topic 3: Memorial Museums: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (Washington, DC) and Yad Vashem (Jerusalem)

On the USHMM

Adrian Dannatt, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, James Ingo Freed (London: Phaidon, 1995).

Ken Johnson, ‘Art & Memory,’ Art in America. 81.11 (November 1993): 90-99.

Edward Linenthal, Preserving memory : the struggle to create America's Holocaust Museum (Princeton: Columbia University Press, 2001).

Andrea Liss, ‘The Identity Card Project and the Tower of Aces at the US Holocaust Memorial Museum,’ in Trespassing through shadows : memory, photography, and the Holocaust (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1998), 13-38.

Jeshajahu Weinberg and Rina Elieli, The Holocaust Museum in Washington, (New York: Rizzoli International Publications, 1995).

Yaffa Eliach, There once was a world : a nine-hundred-year chronicle of the shtetl of Eishyshok (Boston: Little, Brown, 1998).

On Yad Vashem

Tim Cole, ‘Yad Vashem,’ in Images of the Holocaust : the myth of the 'Shoah business' (London: Duckworth, 1999), 97-120.

Bella Gutman and Avner Shalev, To bear witness : Holocaust remembrance at Yad Vashem (Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2005) 

Film screening:

KZ (2006, dir. Rex Bloomstein)


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Week 10

Trauma Archives: Post- and Prosthetic Memories


Bernice Eisenstein, I was a child of Holocaust survivors ISBN: 9780330441575 (hbk.) : £14.99; 0330441574 (hbk.) : £14.99 (London: Picador, 2006)

Marianne Hirsch, ‘Family Pictures: Maus, Mourning and Post-Memory,’ Discourse : journal for theoretical studies in media and culture. ISSN: 1522-5321 15.2 (Winter 1992-93): 3-29.

Nancy Miller, ‘Cartoons and the Self: Portrait of the Artist as a Young Murderer: Art Spiegelman’s MausMeaning : an anthology of artists' writings, theory, and criticism ISBN: 0822325667 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0822325349 12 (Fall 1992): 43-54.

Todd Presner, ‘The Ethics of the Algorithm: Close and Distant Listening to the Shoah Foundation Visual History Archive’, Probing the ethics of Holocaust culture ISBN: 9780674970519 (hardcover : alk. paper); 0674970519 ed. Claudio Fogu, Wulf Kansteiner and Todd Presner (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2016), 150-175

Art Spiegelman, Maus Vol 1 (1986) & Vol 2 (1991)

Dan Stone, ‘The Memory of the Archive: The International Tracing Service and the Construction of the Past as History’, Dapim : studies on the Holocaust. ISSN: 2325-6249 31.2 (2017): 69-88

James Young, ‘The Holocaust as Vicarious Past: Art Spiegelman’s Maus and the Afterimages of History’ Critical inquiry. ISSN: 0093-1896 24.3 (Spring 1998): 666-699. [reprinted in At Memory’s Edge]

Dina Wardi, Memorial candles : children of the Holocaust ISBN: 0415060990 (pb); 0415060982 (hb) (Abingdon: Routledge, 1992)

Helen Epstein, Children of the Holocaust : conversations with sons and daughters of survivors ISBN: 0140112847 (New York: Penguin, 198)

Anne Karpf, The War After: Living with the Holocaust (London: Heinemann, 1996).

Further viewing:

The summer of Aviya [videorecording]. (dir. Eli Cohen, 1988)


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Week 11

The Shoah and Cinema

Key texts :

Schindler's List (1992, dir. Steven Spielberg) Available on Box of Broadcasts (BoB)

Miriam Bratu Hansen, ‘ Schindler’s List is not Shoah: Second Commandment, Popular Modernism and Public Memory’, Critical inquiry. 22.2 (1996): 292-312

Stefanie Rauch, 'Understanding Holocaust Film: Audience Reception between Preconceptions and Media Effects,' History & memory. ISSN: 0935-560x 30.1 (Spring/Summer 2018): 151-188.

Film screening:

A Film Unfinished (2010, dir. Yael Hersonski)

Further viewing:

Life is Beautiful (1997, dir. Roberto Benigni) Available on Box of Broadcasts (BoB)

The Pianist (2002, dir. Roman Polanski) Available on Box of Broadcasts (BoB)

Ida ... (2013, dir. Paweł Pawlikowski) Available on Box of Broadcasts (BoB)



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General Reading List

Basic Sources

Haim Bresheeth, Stuart Hood and Liza Janz, The Holocaust for beginners 1994

Walter Laqueur The Holocaust encyclopedia, London and new York: Yale University Press, 2001

Neil Levi and Michael Rothberg, The Holocaust : theoretical readings, Edinburgh University Press, 2003

General Histories

David Cesarani, Final solution : the fate of the Jews 1933-1949 ISBN: 9780230754560 (hbk.); 0230754562 (hbk.); 9780230771758 (ePub ebook) (London: Macmillan, 2016).

Saul Friedlander, Nazi Germany and the Jews. Vol.1, The years of persecution, 1933-1939 Vol 1: The Years of Persecution (1997) Vol 2: The Years of Extermination (2007)

Raul Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews, CT: Yale University Press, (1973)

Timothy Snyder, Bloodlands : Europe between Hitler and Stalin (2010)

Nikolaus Wachsmann, KL : a history of the Nazi concentration camps ISBN: 9780349118666 (pbk.) : £12.99 (London: Abacus, 2016).

Testimony and Literature

Robert Antelme, The Human Race 1987

David Barnouw and Gerrold van der Stroom eds. translated by Arnold J. Pomerans and B.M. Mooyaart-Doubleday The diary of Anne Frank : the critical edition New York; London: Doubleday, 1989.

Janina Bauman Winter in the morning : a young girl's life in the Warsaw Ghetto and beyond, 1939-1945, London: Virago, 1986

Adam Czerniakow, The Warsaw diary of Adam Czerniakow : prelude to doom:New York : Stein and Day, 1979

Charlotte Delbo Auschwitz and after New Haven ; London: Yale University Press, 1995

Charlotte Delbo Days and memory Evanston, Ill: Marlboro Press/Northwestern, 2001

Lucian Dobroszycki, The Chronicle of the Aódz ghetto 1941-1944 New Haven [Conn.] ; London: Yale University Press, 1984

Amos Goldberg, Trauma in first person : diary writing during the Holocaust ISBN: 9780253029744 hardback; 9780253030214 ebook (Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 2017)  

Primo Levi, If this is a man ; and The truce 1959

Primo Levi, The drowned and the saved London: Abacus,1989

Theo Richmond Konin : a quest London: Vintage, 1996

Elie Wiesel, Night Harmondsworth : Penguin, 1981

Theoretical Studies

Paul Antze and Michael Lambek. eds. Tense past : cultural essays in trauma and memory New York: Routledge, 1996

Zygmunt Bauman, Modernity and the Holocaust 1989

Elizabeth Bellamy, Affective genealogies : psychoanalysis, postmodernism, and the "Jewish question" after Auschwitz Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press,1997

Maurice Blanchot, The writing of the disaster = L'écriture du désastre

Cathy Caruth, Trauma : explorations in memory, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1995

Peter Davies, Witness between languages : the translation of holocaust testimonies in context ISBN: 9781640140295 (pbk) (Rochester, NY: Camden House, 2018)  

Claudio Fogu, Wulf Kansteiner, Todd Presner, eds., Probing the ethics of Holocaust culture ISBN: 9780674970519 (hardcover : alk. paper); 0674970519 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2016).

Saul Friedlander, Probing the limits of representation : Nazism and the "Final Solution" Cambridge (Mass.) ; London : Harvard University Press, 1992

Saul Friedlander, Reflections of Nazism : an essay on kitsch and death Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993

Geoffrey Hartman, Holocaust remembrance : the shapes of memory Oxford: Blackwell, 1994

Anne Kelly Knowles, Tim Cole, and Alberto Giordano, eds., Geographies of the Holocaust ISBN: 9780253012111 hardback; 9780253012319 ebook (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2014).

L Kritzman, Auschwitz and after : race, culture, and "the Jewish question" in France, 1995

Dominick LaCapra, Representing the Holocaust : history, theory, trauma Ithaca: Cornell University Press,1994

Dominick LaCapra, History and memory after Auschwitz Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998

Lawrence Langer, Holocaust testimonies : the ruins of memory New Haven; London: Yale University Press, 1991

Lawrence Langer, Preempting the Holocaust New Haven; London: Yale University Press, 1998

Dori Laub & Shoshana Felman. eds. Testimony : crises of witnessing in literature, psychoanalysis, and history, New York; London : Routledge, 1992

A Milchman and A Rosenberg, eds. Postmodernism and the Holocaust 1998

Moishe Postone and Eric Santner.eds. Catastrophe and meaning : the Holocaust and the twentieth century Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003

David Rousset The other kingdom 1947

Caroline Sturdy Colls, Holocaust archaeologies : approaches and future directions ISBN: 9783319106403 (hbk.) : £53.99 (New York: Springer, 2015)

James E Young, Writing and rewriting the Holocaust : narrative and the consequences of interpretation Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1988

Cultural Memory, Museums, Cultural Effects and Images of/after the Shoah

Ernst van Alphen Caught by history : Holocaust effects in contemporary art, literature, and theory Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1998

Dora Apel, Memory effects : the Holocaust and the art of secondary witnessing New Brunswick, N.J.; London: Rutgers University Press, 2002

Monica Bohm Duchen, After Auschwitz : responses to the Holocaust in contemporary art Sunderland: Northern Centre for Contemporary Art ; London : Lund Humphries, 1995 (exhibition catalogue)

Tim Cole Images of the Holocaust : the myth of the 'Shoah business' London : Duckworth, 1999. 1999

Kaja Silverman, Flesh of my flesh ISBN: 9780804762083 (paper : alk. paper); 9780804762076 (cloth : alk. paper) (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2009)

James Young, The texture of memory : Holocaust memorials and meaning New Haven; London: Yale University Press, 1993

James Young The Art of Memory: Holocaust Memorials in History  (New York : Prestel, 1994)

James Young At memory's edge : after-images of the Holocaust in contemporary art and architecture New Haven; London: Yale University Press, 2000


Ulrich Baer, Spectral evidence : the photography of trauma Cambridge, Mass.; London: MIT Press, 2005

Marianne Hirsch, Family frames : photography, narrative, and postmemory Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1997

Margaret Iversen Photography, trace, and trauma ISBN: 9780226370163 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9780226370026 (cloth : alk. paper); 9780226370330 (e-book) (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017).

Andrea Liss, Trespassing through shadows : memory, photography, and the Holocaust, and the Holocaust Minneapolis: University of Minesota Press, 1998

Janina Struk Photographing the Holocaust : interpretations of the evidence London: I. B. Tauris, 2004., London, 2004

Barbie Zelizer, Remembering to forget : Holocaust memory through the camera's eye Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998

Barbie Zelizer, Visual culture and the Holocaust London : Athlone, 2001

Uniqueness and Comparability

Michael Rothberg, Multidirectional Memory: Remembering the Holocaust in the Age of Decolonization (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2009)

Adam Jones, Genocide: A Comprehensive Introduction (London: Routledge, 2011).

Alexander Laban Hinton and Kevin Lewis O'Neill, eds., Genocide : truth, memory, and representation ISBN: 9780822344056 (pbk. : alk. paper); 082234405X (pbk. : alk. paper); 9780822343882 (cloth : alk. paper); 0822343886 (cloth : alk. paper) (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2009).

A. Dirk Moses, ed., Empire, colony, genocide : conquest, occupation, and subaltern resistance in world history ISBN: 9781845457198 (pbk.); 9781845454524 (hbk.); 1845454529 (hbk.); 1845457196 (pbk.); 9781782382140 (ebk.) (New York; Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2008).

Marc Nichanian, The historiographic perversion ISBN: 9780231149082 (cloth : alk. paper); 0231149085 (cloth : alk. paper) (New York: Columbia University Press, 2009).

Alan S. Rosenbaum, ed., Is the Holocaust unique? : perspectives on comparative genocide ISBN: 9780813344065 (pbk.) (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2009).

Dan Stone, Histories of the Holocaust ISBN: 9780199566808 (pbk.) : £18.99; 9780199566792 (hbk.) : £55.00; 0199566798 (hbk.) : £55.00; 0199566801 (pbk.) : £18.99 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010).


Annette Insdorf, Indelible shadows : film and the Holocaust Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989

Judith Donesen, The Holocaust in American film

Jeffrey Shandler, While America watches : televising the Holocaust New York: Oxford University Press, 1999

Toby Haggith, Holocaust and the moving image : representations in film and television since 1933 London: Wallflower, 2005

Joshua Hirsch, Afterimage : film, trauma, and the Holocaust Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2004

Claude Lanzmann, Shoah : the complete text of the acclaimed Holocaust film New York : DaCapo Press, 1995

Thomas Keneally, Schindler's ark London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1982

Tim Cole, Images of the Holocaust : the myth of the 'Shoah business' London : Duckworth, 1999

Anton Kaes, From Hitler to Heimat : the return of history as film Cambridge, Mass. ; London: Harvard University Press, 1989

Eric Santner, Stranded objects : mourning, memory, and film in postwar Germany Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1990

Lawrence Langer, ‘The Americanisation of the Holocaust on Stage and Screen’ in Admitting the Holocaust : collected essays New York: Oxford University Press, 1995

Yosefa Loshitzsky.ed. Spielberg's Holocaust : critical perspectives on Schindler's list Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997

Joshua Hirsch, Afterimage : film, trauma, and the Holocaust,

Janet Walker, Trauma cinema : documenting incest and the Holocaust, 2005

This list was last updated on 14/12/2020