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Module Reading List

Crime and Deviance, 2020/21, Semester 2
Dr Peter Doak
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue


** = recommended text for purchase * = key piece of reading

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General Texts

(these texts should be used as introductory reading for the core readings listed each week; use them as a reference point)

** Carrabine, E., Cox, P., Lee, M., Plummer, K. and South, N. (any edition). Criminology: A Sociological Introduction , London: Routledge University Press. ( Promotes in-depth discussions on : ‘academic thinking about crime, ‘crime trends’; ‘the meaning of crime statistics’; ‘the media and crime’; ‘theories of control’).

**Hale, C., Hayward, K., Wahdin, A. and Wincup, E. (any edition) Criminology . Oxford: Oxford University Press. ( Provides basic introduction to : ‘definitions of crime’; ‘crime statistics’; ‘crime and the media’; ‘violent crime’; ‘gender and crime’).

**Jewkes, Y. and Letherby, G. (2003 Eds.). Criminology: A Reader . London: Sage. ( Introduces the reader to the essential debates in criminology. Strong on : ‘definitions of deviance’; ‘media amplification of crime’; ‘youth and crime’; ‘social control’).

**Jones, S. (2001). Criminology: A Sociological Introduction , London: Oxford University Press. ( Promotes in-depth discussions on : ‘academic thinking about crime, ‘crime trends’; ‘the meaning of crime statistics’; ‘the media and crime’; ‘theories of control’).

**Muncie, J. and McLaughlin, E. (2001 Eds.). The Problem of Crime . London: Sage in association with the Open University. ( Gives excellent background information for discussions relating to : ‘defining and counting crime’; ‘moral panics’; ‘the family as a site of crime’).

** Newburn, T. (2007) Criminology . Cullumpton: Willan. Provides an excellent introductory overview of many of the topics covered in the module including ‘media representations of crime’, ‘crime data and crime trends’

** Newburn, T. (2009) Key readings in criminology , Cullompton: Willan This edited volume accompanies the above text. It is a useful starting point for accessing original texts by key figures in a wide area of criminology and the sociology of crime and deviance

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Further Key Reading

(these texts should be used as supplmentary reading for the core readings listed each week; use them as a reference point)

Carrington, K. and Hogg, R. (2002 Eds.). Critical criminology : issues, debates, challenges . Devon: Willan.

*Croall, H. (1998). Crime and Society in Britain . London: Longman.

*Downes, D. and Rock, P. (any edition) . Understanding Deviance: A Guide to the Sociology of Crime and Rule Breaking . Oxford: Clarendon Press.

*Hale, C., Hayward, K., Wahidin, A. and Wincup, E. (2009 Eds.). Criminology 2 edn . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

*Holdaway, S. (any edition). Crime and Deviance . Basingstoke: Macmillan.

*Maguire, M., Morgan, R. and Reiner, R. (any edition). The Oxford Handbook of Criminology . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

*McLaughlin, E. and Muncie, J. (1996 Eds.). Controlling Crime . London: Sage

Muncie, J. (any edition). Youth and Crime . London: Sage.

*Muncie, J. and McLaughlin, E. (1996 Eds.). The Problem of Crime . London: Sage.

Muncie, J., McLaughlin, E. and Langan, M. (1996 Eds.). Criminological Perspectives . London: Sage.

Walklate, S. (2003) Understanding Criminology: Current Theoretical Debates . Buckingham: Open University Press.

Young, J. (1999). The exclusive society : social exclusion, crime and difference in late modernity . London: Sage.

There are a number of key texts which accompany each week. You are not expected to read them all, but you should attempt at least one each week.

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Week 1: Lecture 1 (Introduction)

This lecture will be a general introduction to the topics covered as well as covering some of the key developments of the last few decades in relation to the direction of policy and attitudes in relation to crime, deviance and criminal justice. The reading list here is intended to supplement the General Texts listed above – you should read at least one relevant chapter from one of these texts to get going.

Key Texts

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Week 1: Lecture 2 (A History of Crime and Punishment and the Birth of the Prison)

Prisons are so accepted today as a fundamental part of criminal justice, that for most people it must be inconceivable how society could ever do without them. Yet, the prison emerged barely 200 years ago as the major way of dealing with offenders. This change coincides with the breakdown of the old rural land-based society and economy and the rapid emergence of industrialisation, urbanisation and an economy based on material production and wage labour. This lecture will look at a factual, descriptive history of the prison. The facts of this history are not disputed - but this lecture will explore the various interpretations of the rise of the modern penitentiary.

Key Texts:

· Coyle, A (2005) Understanding prisons : key issues in policy and practice , Maidenhead: Open University Press (Ch.2)

· Jewkes, Y. & Johnston, H (Eds) (2006) Prison readings : a critical introduction to prisons and imprisonment , Collompton, Willan Publishing (Section A Readings)

· Jewkes, Y. ed. (2007) Handbook On Prisons , Willan Publishing

· Muncie, J. (1996) ‘Prison Histories: Reform, Repression and Rehabilitation’, in. McLaughlin, E. and Muncie, J. (eds.) Controlling Crime . London: London, Sage.

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Week 2 Lecture 1: (Discipline and Punish)

Following on from the previous lecture this lecture looks at some of the competing ‘histories’ of the prison, some more sociological than others. However, as the title of the lecture suggests, it is significantly influenced by the perspective set out in Foucault’s Discipline and Punish: the Birth of the Prison published in English in 1997. This has been an enormously influential book and arguably has transformed our ways of understanding not only prisons but many other key modern institutions. We will not be uncritical and, in his later writings, neither was Foucault!

Key Texts:

It is impossible to get a full flavour of Foucault without reading Discipline and Punish but it can be quite a challenge – give it a go, but if you wish for an introductory account, then see

· Cohen. S (1985) Visions of social control : crime, punishment and classification : Polity Press (a useful Foucauldian account – chapter 1) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

· *McLaughlin, E, & Muncie, J (Eds) (1996) Controlling Crime , (Chapter 4 London, Sage (a useful overview of a Marxist approach)

· *Morris, N & Rothman, D. (eds) (1995) The Oxford History of the Prison, Oxford: Oxford University Press, (Chs. 2, 3, 4, 10)

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Week 2 Lecture 2 (Explaining Crime and Deviance From the Individual to the Social)

This lecture begins the task of charting how criminal and deviant behaviour has been explained in society over time. It introduces explanations which are centred on the individual, looking at thinkers such as Lombroso and others and then charts the development of thinking through the disciplines of biology, psychology and genetics. The final part of the lecture turns to early sociological accounts of Deviant behaviour paying particular attention to the work of Durkheim and later the Chicago School.

Key Texts:

  • Coleman, C. and Norris, C. (2000) ‘Offenders and Non Offenders: Spot the Difference in Coleman, C. and Norris, C. Introducing criminology Cullompton: Willan pp 26-55
  • Walklate, S. (1998) Understanding criminology , Buckingham: Open University Press, chapter 2)

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Week 3 Lecture 1 (Explaining Crime and Deviance From the Individual to the Social

This lecture continues the quest to attempt to address what we mean by deviance and what we mean by crime. It will question the appropriate boundaries of crime by examining what is deemed to be acceptable and what is not. In the main, this lecture will be concerned with the difficulties behind current definitions of both crime and deviance. It introduces some more recent sociological explanations of both phenomenon paying particular attention to debates in realism and constructivism.

Key Texts:

· Becker, H. (1963) Outsiders: Studies in the Sociology of Devianc e, New York: The Free Press (chapter 1) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

· Holdaway, S. (1998) ‘Defining Crime and Deviance’ in Holdaway, S. Crime and Deviance . Basingstoke: Macmillan (pp 7-23) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

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Week 3 Lecture 2 (Measuring Crime)

This lecture approaches the problem of measuring crime in a clear and unequivocal way. How crime figures are compiled will be explained and the notion of the social construction of statistics will be explored. Similarly, the different types of statistics available will be analysed and reasons given as to why some statistics differ from others.

Key Texts:

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Week 4 Lecture 1 (Media & Crime Reporting - Riotous subjects and welfare scroungers: Moral Panics, deviance and the media )

Lecture four looks at the mechanisms and rationale behind the selection of crimes for reporting. It examines the role of the media in societal understandings of crime. Students will be introduced to the concepts of‘ moral panic’, deviance amplification and ‘folk devils’. The lecture will examine how the media can construct a condition, act or group of people as a ‘threat’ to society. Introducing students to classic studies in the field, it will attend to how media reporting shapes public opinion and feeds back into the political and legal system by authorising ‘tougher’ forms of social control. Using the contemporary examples including the English riots of 2011 and the so-called ‘welfare scrounger’, it will look at the usefulness of the concept of moral panics in exploring the relationship between the media and forms of state power.

Pick one from each list –

Media Reporting

Moral Panics

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Week 4 Lecture 2 (Youth as a Social Problem: Ladettes, hoodies and chav mums: crime and the social construction of youth)

This lecture takes a historical approach to examine ways in which particular groups of children and young people have been positioned and represented as ‘deviant’, ‘dangerous’ and ‘troublesome’. To do this, it will introduce students to the concept at the ‘social construction of age’, tracing the historical themes and shifts in the ways that ‘childhood’ and ‘youth’ have been understood. The lecture will then look at the ways in which young people have figured as a ‘problem’. Using contemporary examples of so-called ‘deviant’ youth we will explore the significance of race, social class and gender to how anxieties are expressed about young people’s behaviour.

Key Texts:

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Week 5 Lecture 1 (Youth Crime: Football Hooliganism)

The notion of football hooliganism also expands upon the concept of ‘youth’ as a social problem. This Lecture introduces some of the theoretical explanations for violence in an around football matches. Characteristics such as age, ethnicity, gender and class background will be critically put forward as contributory factors. Likewise, aspects of masculinity, politics, nationalism/regionalism, religion, the consumption of alcohol and the often neglected passion that surrounds the game will also be explored.

Key Texts:

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Week 5 Lecture 2: (Hate Crime: An Introduction )

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Week 6 Lecture 1: (Disablist Hate and ‘Mate’ Crime)

Disablist hate crime can range from bullying and verbal abuse through to forms of bodily harm, torture and even murder. Compared to other types of hate crime, disablist incidents remain under-acknowledged and under-reported in official statistics. Nonetheless, disabled people’s organisations have presented evidence that demonstrates that targeted attacks are presently increasing and they are suggesting direct links to current welfare cuts and the ‘scrounger’ rhetoric adapted by tabloid papers and the UK government, which is said to act as a validation for some to target those deemed to be undeserving. This lecture will furthermore explore the concept of ‘mate crime’, where perpetrators first befriend a person, in order to then exploit and target them.

Key Texts:

Hollomotz, A. (2013). Disability, Oppression and Violence: Towards a Sociological Explanation. Sociology., 47(3), 477-493.

Roulstone, A., & Sadique, K. (2012). Vulnerable to misinterpretation: Disabled people, 'vulnerability', hate crime and the fight for legal recognition. In A. Roulstone & H. Mason Bish (Eds.), Disability, hate crime and violence (pp. 25-39). London: Routledge.

Thomas P. (2011) 'Mate crime': ridicule, hostility and targeted attacks against disabled people. Disability & society., 26, 107 - 111.

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Week 6 Lecture 2: Disability and Sexual Offences

This lecture is divided into two parts: On the one hand we will consider how sexual violence affects disabled people as targets. For instance, people with learning disabilities are three times more likely to become victims of sexual violence than non-disabled people. We will consider what makes them ‘vulnerable’ and how the law in the UK has responded. We will discuss continuing access to justice issues and prevailing negative public attitudes. On the other hand we will look at disabled people as perpetrators of sexual violence. It is estimated that other people with learning disabilities are one of the largest groups of perpetrators against this population. There are currently two systems that deal with disabled sex offenders: the general criminal justice system and the forensic health sector. We will briefly consider how these sectors differ and the paradox in how these are accessed: Where someone ends up is not merely determined by what they have done, but whom they have done it to. Offenders are most likely to be prosecuted within the mainstream system if their victim is non-disabled, male and a child.

Key texts:

Lambrick F. & Glaser W. (2004) Sex Offenders with an Intellectual Disability. Sexual abuse : a journal of research and treatment., 16, 381-392.

Lindsay W. R. (2002) Research and literature on sex offenders with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 46, 74-85.

Mencap, Respond & Voice UK (2001) Behind Closed doors – Preventing sexual abuse against adults with a learning disability, online available at:

Shakespeare T., Gillespie-Sells K. & Davies D. (1996) The sexual politics of disability : untold desires, Cassell, London. (chapter 5: Bad sex)

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Week 7 Lecture 1: (Reading Week)

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Week 7 Lecture 2 (Reading Week)

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Week 8: Lecture 1 (Interpersonal Violence: Gang Crime and the Night Time Economy)

This lecture expands upon the notion of ‘youth’ as a social problem and interpersonal violence. It looks at the phenomenon of gangs and knife crime is a central theme including how gangs differ from subcultures. The lecture also considers other forms of violent crime including sexual assault Actual bodily harm, grievous bodily harm and ‘mugging’ will form particular areas of focus. The causes—such as alcohol consumption, genetics, testosterone, socialisation and hate—will also be discussed as will the issue as to why these receive a significant amount of attention from politicians, policy makers and the media.

Key Texts:

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Week 8: Lecture 2: Crimes of the Powerful: Narco Terror and State Criminality

This lecture introduces students to the seminal work of Edwin Sutherland and crimes of the powerful. It then moves on to consider the role of the state as both the perpetrator and victim of criminality. In doing so, it introduces students to the thorny issue of international and domestic terrorism and goes on to consider the main forms of funding terror organisations in the form of the international sale of banned narcotics.

Key Texts:

· Björnehed E. (2004) Narco-Terrorism: The Merger of the War on Drugs and the War on Terror, Global crime , 6 (3-4) 305-24

· Chambliss, W.J. (2003) 'Toward a political economy of crime' in McLaughlin, E., Muncie, J. and Hughes, G. (eds) Criminological perspectives : essential readings , London: Sage Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

· Monaghan, M. and Prideaux, S. (2016) State crime and immorality : the corrupting influence of the powerful , (Chapter 4) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

· Williams, K. (2010) ‘State crime’ in Brookman, F., Maguire, M., Pierpoint, H. and Bennett, T. (eds.) Handbook on crime , Cullompton: Willan

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Week 9 Lecture 1: (Crimes of the Powerful: Understanding Terrorism)

This lecture will discuss the nature of ‘terrorism’. It will examine how the term has been defined, drawing particular attention to its highly contested status and the role of politics in defining who is, and who is not, a ‘terrorist’. It will detail types of terrorism and examine particular cases, as well as question the nature and extent of the threat from terrorism. It will also introduce theories that have been used to explain terrorism.

Key Texts

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Week 9 Lecture 2: Counter-terror and Community Cohesion: The Prevent Strategy

Following the previous lecture on terrorism, this lecture focuses on counter-terrorism. After introducing the current UK counter-terrorism strategy, we will focus in on one particular area: Prevent , the Government’s strategy to ‘stop people becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism’. The main aims and methods of Prevent will be discussed, with particular attention paid to the notion of ‘radicalisation’ that underpins it. The lecture will discuss criticisms of Prevent, focusing particularly on its attempts to anticipate potential crime, its impact on communities and its crossover with the Government’s community cohesion strategy.

  • Bettison, N. 2009. Preventing Violent Extremism—A Police Response. Policing. , 3 , 129-138
  • Brandon, B. (2004) Terrorism, human rights and the rule of law: 120 years of the UK's legal response to terrorism, Criminal law review. , Dec, 981-997
  • Dekeseredy, W.S. and Dragiewicz, M. (eds.) (2011) Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology , London: Routledge (Chapter 27)
  • Goldsmith, A. (2008) The Governance of Terror: Precautionary Logic and Counterterrorist Law Reform After September 11. Law & policy. , 30 , 141-167

· Jackson, R., Jarvis, L., Gunning, J. and Breen Smyth, M. (2011) Terrorism : a critical introduction . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. (Chapter 6)

  • Undnani, A. (2012) Radicalisation: The journey of a concept. Race and class. , 54 , 3-25
  • Richards, A. (2011) The problem with 'radicalization': the remit of 'Prevent' and the need to refocus on terrorism in the UK. International affairs. , 87 , 143-152

See Also

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Week 10 Lecture 1: Responding to Crime: Urban Riots and the History of Control

The 2011 riots which took place in most cities in England were described by the Prime Minister David Cameron as ‘criminality pure and simple’ and offered a shocking spectacle for many observers. In fact, urban rioting actually has a long history in the UK and beyond and understanding this history of unrest offers a good insight into the inequalities, tensions and injustices which urban populations have faced over time. In this lecture, we will look at some of these social problems and how they have led to urban disturbances, as well as look critically at how governments have often ignored these problems and focused instead on criminalising and demonising street-based dissent.

Key Texts:

· Slater, T. (2011) ‘From “criminality” to marginality: rioting against a broken state’, Human geography. , 4, 3: 106-115

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Week 10 Lecture 2: Responding to Crime: The Criminalisation of Urban Space and Poverty

Understandings of city spaces are ambiguous. Some are interpreted as deviant and replete with ‘rough’ districts, high crime rates and gang cultures. Others are seen as safe destinations for nightlife, tourism and shopping. In fact, both of these understandings are inter-twined via processes and networks of criminalization. ‘Deviant’ spaces and the populations that inhabit them are subject to explicit mechanisms of surveillance, policing and control, rendering them ‘dangerous’ and contributing to their exclusion, whilst ‘safe’ spaces are intensely managed by security systems through which they are cleansed and ensure deviant populations, such as homeless people, are not visible.

Key Texts:

· Baillergeau, E (2014) “Governing public nuisance: Collaboration and conflict regarding the presence of homeless people in public spaces of Montreal”, Critical social policy. , 34 (3): 354-373.

· Fassin, D (2013) Enforcing order : an ethnography of urban policing . Polity (Chapter 3) Chapter 1 ‘Situation’

· Goldsmith, C (2008) Cameras, cops and contracts: what anti-social behaviour management feels like to young people’ in Squires, P (ed) ASBO nation : the criminalisation of nuisance Policy Press: Bristol

· Wacquant, L (2009) “The Body, the Ghetto and the Penal State.” Qualitative sociology. , 32-1: 101-129

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    Week 11 Lecture 2

    This final lecture gives an overview of the module Attendance to this lecture is strongly advised as this will provide a beneficial supplement to your preparation and planning for the assignment.

    This list was last updated on 18/01/2016