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Module Reading List

The Sociology of Gender, 2021/22, Semester 2
Dr Kim Allen
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Unit 1: Gender and Sociology

Required Reading:

Ahmed, S. 2017. “Introduction: Bringing Feminist Theory Home” in Living a Feminist Life. Durham NC: Duke University Press.
Available online via the library at:

 Skeggs, B. (2008). The dirty history of feminism and sociology: Or the war of conceptual attrition. The Sociological Review, 56(4), 670–690.  

The module handbook


Recommended Reading:

Abbott, P. et al. 2005. “Introduction: Feminism and the Sociological Imagination” in An introduction to sociology: feminist perspectives. 3rd ed. Abingdon: Routledge

Adichie, C. (2014). We should all be feminists . London: Fourth Estate.

do Mar Pereira, M. 2012. ‘Feminist theory is proper knowledge, but…’: The status of feminist scholarship in the academy. Feminist Theory. 13(3), pp.283-303.

Hemmings, C. 2006. The Life and Times of Academic Feminism. In: Davis, K., et al. eds. Handbook of Gender and Women’s Studies. London: Sage.

hooks, bell. (2000). Feminism is for everybody: Passionate Politics. Pluto Press.


Further reading:

Ahmed, S. 2017. Living a feminist life. Durham NC: Duke University Press.

Acker, J. 1990. Hierarchies, jobs, bodies: a theory of gendered organizations. Gender and Society. 4(2), pp.139-158.

Abbott, P. 1991. Feminist perspectives in sociology: the challenge to ‘mainstream’ orthodoxy. In: Aaron, J. and Walby, S. eds. Out of the margins: Women’s Studies in the nineties.  London: Falmer Press.

Acker, J. 1989. Making gender visible. In: Wallace, R.A. ed. Feminism and sociological theory.  London: Sage.

Code, L. 2006. Women knowing/knowing women: critical-creative interventions in the politics of knowledge. In: Davis, K., et al. eds. Handbook of gender and women’s studies.  London: Sage, pp.146-166.

De Beauvoir, S. 2009 [1949]. The second sex. London: Vintage. (Introduction)

Evans, M. 1982. In praise of theory: the case for women’s studies. Feminist Review. (10), pp.61-74.

Evans, M. 2003. Gender and social theory. Buckingham: Open University Press.

Griffin, G. 2005. The Institutionalization of Women’s Studies in Europe. In: Griffin G., ed. Doing Women’s Studies: employment opportunities, personal impacts and social consequences. London: Zed Books.

Hawkesworth, M. 2010. From constitutive outside to the politics of extinction: critical race theory, feminist theory, and political theory. Political Research Quarterly. 63(3), pp.686-696.

Hearn, J. 1998. Theorizing men and men’s theorizing: Varieties of discursive practices in men’s theorizing of men. Theory and society. 27(6), pp.781-816.

Hearn, J. and Morgan, D. 1990. Men, Masculinities and Social Theory. London: Unwin Hyman.

Jackson, S. and Scott, S. 2002. The Gendering of Sociology. In: Jackson, S. and Scott, S. (eds.), Gender: a sociological reader, London: Routledge.

Lloyd, G.  1993. The man of reason: ‘male’ and ‘female’ in western philosophy. London: Routledge.

Marshall, B. 1994. Engendering Modernity: Feminism, Social Theory and Social Change. Cambridge: Polity.

Marshall, B.L. and Witz, A. eds. 2004. Engendering the social: feminist encounters with social theory. Maidenhead: Open University Press.

Morgan, D. 1992. Discovering men: sociology and masculinities. London: Routledge.

Ramazanoglu, C. and Holland, J. 2002. Feminist Methodology: Challenges and Choices. London: Sage.

Reed, K. 2006. New directions in social theory: race, gender and the canon. London: Sage.

Seidler, V. J. 1994. Unreasonable men: masculinity and social theory. London: Routledge.

Stacey, J. and Thorne, B. 1985. The missing feminist revolution in sociology. Social problems. 32(4), pp.301-316.

Witz, A. 2001. Georg Simmel and the masculinity of modernity. Journal of Classical Sociology. 1(3), pp.353-370.





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Unit 2: FeminismS and Patriarchy

Required Reading:

hooks, bell. (1981). The imperialism of patriarchy. In: Ain’t I a Woman: Black Women and Feminism. Boston: South End Press.  

Walby, S. (1989). Theorising PatriarchySociology23(2), 213 - 234.  



Recommended Reading:

Barton, M. 2012. Wrestling with imperial patriarchy. Feminist Theology. 21(1), pp.7-25.

Dean, J. 2009. Who’s afraid of third wave feminism?: on the uses of the “third wave” in British feminist politics. International feminist journal of politics. . 11(3), pp.334-352.

Millett, K. 1971. Sexual politics. London: Rupert Hart-Davis Ltd.

Walby, S. 1990. Theorizing patriarchy. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.


Further Reading:

Adichie, C. (2014). We should all be feminists . London: Fourth Estate.

Alexander J. and Mohanty C. eds. 2001. Feminist genealogies, colonial legacies, democratic futures. London: Routledge.

Alvarez, S. 1999. The Latin American Feminist NGO ‘Boom’’. International feminist journal of politics. . 1(2), pp.81-209.

Banyard, K. 2011. The equality illusion : the truth about women and men today . London: Faber and Faber.

Charles, N. 2015. Feminist politics: from activism to representation. In Richardson, D. and Robinson, V. eds. Introducing gender and women’s studies (4th ed), Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Cooper, D. 1995. Power in struggle : feminism, sexuality and the state , Buckingham: Open University Press.

Das, A. 2010. Toward a politics of the (im)possible : the body in third world feminisms . India: Anthem Press.

Dean, J. 2010. Rethinking contemporary feminist politics. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Dean, J. 2012. On the march or on the margins? Affirmations and erasures of feminist activism in the UK. The European Journal of Women's Studies. 19(3), pp.315-219.

Evans, M. 2017. The persistence of gender inequality . Cambridge: Polity.

Farrelly, C. 2011. Patriarchy and historical materialism. Hypatia. 26(1), pp.1-21.

Firestone, S. 1979. The dialectic of sex: the case for feminist revolution. London: Women’s Press.

Genz, S. 2006. Third way/ve: the politics of postfeminism. Feminist theory. . 7(3), pp.333-353.

 Hemmings, C. 2009. Telling feminist stories. Estudos Feministas. 17(1), p215. 

Hemmings, C. 2011. Why stories matter : the political grammar of feminist theory . Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Humm, M. 1992. Feminisms : a reader London: Harvester Wheatsheaf.

hooks, bell. 1999. The imperialism of patriarchy. In: Ain’t I a Woman: Black Women and Feminism. Boston: South End Press.   

 INCITE! Women of Color Against Violence. 2006. Color of violence : the INCITE! anthology . Boston: South End Press.

Lewis, Gail (2005) Welcome to the margins: diversity, tolerance and policies of exclusion. Ethnic and racial studies. 28 (3), pp. 536-558. ISSN 0141-9870.

McRobbie, A. 2009. The aftermath of feminism: gender, culture and social change. London: Sage.

Mirza, H. S. 2009. Plotting a history: black and postcolonial feminisms in ‘new times’. Race Ethnicity and Education. 12(1), pp.1-10.

Mirza, H. S. ed. 1997. Black British feminism : a reader . London: Routledge.

Mohanty, C. T. 1991. Third World women and the politics of feminism. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Mohanty, C., Russo, A. and Torres, L 1998. Third world women and the politics of feminism. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Monro, S. 2005. Gender politics: citizenship, activism and sexual diversity. London: Pluto Press.

Moraga, C and Anzaldúa G. eds. 1993. This bridge called my back : writings by radical women of color . New York: Kitchen Table Women of Color Press.

Narayan, U. 1997. Dislocating cultures: identities, traditions, and Third-World feminism. London: Routledge.

Narayan, U. and Harding, S.G. 2000. Decentering the center : philosophy for a multicultural, postcolonial, and feminist world . Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press.

Okin, S. M. 1998. Feminism, women's human rights, and cultural differences. Hypatia. . 13(2), pp.32 - 52.

Redfern, C. and Aune, K. 2010. Reclaiming the ‘F word’: the new feminist movement. London: Zed Books.

Roth, B. 2003. Separate roads to feminism : Black, Chicana, and White feminist movements in America's second wave . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rupp, L. J. and Taylor, V. 1999. Forging feminist identity in an international movement: a collective identity approach to twentieth-century feminism. Signs. . 24(2), pp.363-386.

Rupp, L. J. 1997. Worlds of women : the making of an international women's movement . Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Scharff, C. 2011. Repudiating feminism. Farnham: Ashgate.

Schneir, M. ed. 1995. The Vintage book of feminism : the essential writings of the contemporary women's movement , London: Vintage.

Smith, B. ed. 1983. Home girls: a Black feminist anthology. New York: Kitchen Table Women of Color Press.

Sperling, V., Ferree, M. M. and Risman, B. 2001. Constructing global feminism: transnational advocacy networks and Russian women's activism. Signs. . 26(4), pp. 1155-1186.

Weir, A. 2008. Global feminism and transformative identity politics. Hypatia. . 23(4), pp.110-133.



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Unit 3: Intersectional Approaches

Required Reading:

Crenshaw, K. 1989. Demarginalizing the intersection of race and sex: a black feminist critique of antidiscrimination doctrine, feminist theory and antiracist politics. University of Chicago Legal Forum. (1), pp.139-167.  

Hill-Collins, P., & Chepp, V. (2013). Intersectionality. In Waylan, G; Celis, K; Kantola, J. and Weldon, L. (eds) The Oxford Handbook of Gender and Politics. Oxford University Press.  


Recommended Reading:

Combahee River Collective. 1981. A Black feminist statement. In: Nicholson L. ed. The second wave: a reader in feminist theory. London: Routledge.

Davis, K. 2008. Intersectionality as buzzword: a sociology of science perspective on what makes a feminist theory successful. Feminist Theory. 9(1), pp.67-85.

Lorde, A.  1994. The master’s tools will never dismantle the master’s house. In: Evans, M. ed. The woman question. London: Sage.

Yuval-Davis, Nira. 2006. “Intersectionality and Feminist Politics.” European Journal of Women’s Studies 13(3):193–209.


Further Reading:

Anzaldúa, G. 1987. Borderlands La Frontera: The New Mestiza. San Francisco, CA: Aunt Lute Books.

Afshar, H. and Maynard, M. eds. 1994. The dynamics of ‘race’ and gender: some feminist interventions. London: Taylor and Francis.

Ahmed, S. 2000. Strange encounters: embodied others in post-coloniality. London: Routledge.

Ahmed, S. 2009. Embodying diversity: problems and paradoxes for Black feminists. Race Ethnicity and Education. 12(1), pp.41-52.

Ahmed, S. 2009. The language of diversity. Ethnic and Racial Studies. 30(2), pp.235-256.

Avtar B. 1996. Cartographies of diaspora: contesting identities. London: Routledge.

Babacan, Hurriyet, Narayan Gopalkrishnan, and Alperhan Babacan. 2009. Situating Racism: The Local, the National and the Global. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars.

Bilge, S. 2010. Beyond subordination vs. resistance: an intersectional approach to the agency of veiled Muslim women. Journal of Intercultural Studies. 31, pp.9-28.

Brah, A. and Phoenix, A. 2004. Ain't I a woman? Revisiting intersectionality. Journal of International Women's Studies. 5(3), pp.75-86.

Carby, Hazel V. (1982) White Woman Listen! Black Feminism and the Boundaries of Sisterhood. n/a.

Carter, J. B. 2007. The heart of whiteness: normal sexuality and race in America, 1880-1940. Durham: Duke University Press.

Chowdhry, M. 1995. Shooting the shots: lesbians of African and Asian descent in the media. In: Mason-John, V. ed. Talking Black: lesbians of African and Asian descent speak out. Cassell: London.

Collins, Patricia Hill. 1998. “It’s All in the Family: Intersections of Gender, Race, and Nation.” Hypatia 13(3):62–82.

Collins, P. 2004. Black sexual politics: African Americans, gender, and the new racism. London: Routledge.

Collins, P. 2008. Black feminist thought: knowledge, consciousness and the politics of empowerment. London: Routledge.

Davies, A. 1981. Women, race and class. New York: Random House.

Davies, A. 1989. Women, culture and politics. New York: Kandan.

Droogsma, R.A. 2007. Redefining hijab: American Muslim women's standpoints on veiling. Journal of Applied Communication Research. 35(3), pp.294-319.

Dyer, R. 1997. White. London: Routledge.

Elouafi, A. 2009. The colour of Orientalism: race and narratives of discovery in Tunisia. Ethnic and Racial Studies. 33(22), pp.253-271.

Erel, U, Gutiérrez Rodríguez, E. Haritaworn, J. and Klesse, C. 2008. On the depoliticisation of intersectionality talk. Conceptualising multiple oppressions in critical sexuality studies. In: Kuntsman A. and Miyake, E. eds. Out of place: interrogating silences in queerness/raciality. York: Raw Nerve Books.

Essed, P. and Trienekens, S. 2007. "Who wants to feel white?" Race, Dutch culture and contested identities. Ethnic and Racial Studies. 31(1), pp.52-72.

Fanon, F. 1986. Black skin, white masks. London: Pluto.

Frankenburg, R. 1993. White women, race matters: the social construction of whiteness. London: Routledge.

hooks, b. 1981. Ain't I a woman: black women and feminism. Boston: South End Press Collective.

hooks, b. 1984. Feminist theory: from margin to centre. Boston: South End Press.

hooks, b. 1992. Black looks: race and representation. London: Turnaround.

 Hull, G., Scott, P. and Smith, B. eds. 1982. All the women are White, all the Blacks are men, but some of us are brave: Black women's studies. New York: The Feminist Press.

Hurtado, A. 2003 Voicing Chicana feminisms: young women speak out on sexuality and identity. New York: New York University Press.

James, J. and Sharpley-Whiting, T. D. 2000. The black feminist reader. Oxford: Blackwell.

Jesus, Maria Carolina de. Bitita’s diary : the childhood memoirs of Carolina Maria de Jesus. Robert M. Levine (ed).

Levine, P. 2000. Orientalist sociology and the creation of colonial sexualities. Feminist Review. 65(Summer), pp.5-21.

Lewis, Gail. 2013. Unsafe Travel: Experiencing Intersectionality and Feminist Displacements. Signs, 38(4), 869-892. doi:10.1086/669609

Lewis, Gail (2009) Celebrating intersectionality? Debates on a multi-faceted concept in gender studies: themes from a conference. European Journal of Women's Studies 16 (3), pp. 203-210. ISSN 1350-5068.

Lorde, A. 1984. Sister outsider: essays and speeches. California: The Crossing Press Feminist Series.

Lorde, A. 1994. Age, race, class and sex: women redefining difference. In: Evans, M. The woman question. London:  Sage.

Lorde, A. 1984. Sister outsider. Freedom CA: The Crossing Press.

Mercer, K. and Julien, I.  1988. Race, sexual politics and Black masculinity. In: Chapman, R. and Rutherford, J. eds. Male order: unwrapping masculinity. London: Lawrence and Wishart.

Milner, A; Aromolaran, A. Colour-Blind racism and the 2017 women’s march: White Feminism, activism and lessons for the left. In: Johnson, Azeezat; Joseph-Salisbury, Remi; Kamunge, Beth (eds). The Fire Now: Anti-Racist Scholarship in Times of Explicit Racial Violence. London: Zed Books

Mirza, H. S. 1992. Young, female and Black. London: Routledge.

Moraga, C. and Anzaldua, G. eds. 1981. This bridge called my back. Watertown MA: Persephone Press.

Nelson, A. (ed). 2002. Afrofuturism. A Special Issue of Social Context. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Ogundipe-Leslie, M. 1994. Re-creating ourselves: African women & critical transformations. New Jersey: African World Press Inc.

Peoples, W. 2008. "Under construction": identifying foundations of hip-hop feminism and exploring bridges between Black second wave and hip-hop feminisms. Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism. 8 (1), pp.19-52.

Semati, M. 2010. Islamophobia, culture and race in the age of Empire. Cultural Studies. 24(2), pp.256-275.

Spivak, G. 1988. Can the subaltern speak?. In: Nelson, C. and Grossberg, L. eds. Marxism and the interpretation of culture. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Thompson, Alvin O. (2006). Flight to Freedom: African Runaways and Maroons in the Americas. Kingston, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press.

Truth, Sojourner. “AIN'T I A WOMAN?”. [speech] In Sojourner Truth Memorial (website).

Ware, V and Back L. 2002 Out of whiteness: color, politics, and culture. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Warev V. 1991. Beyond the pale: white women, racism, and history. London: Verso.

Wells-Barnett, Ida B., 1862-1931. (1997). Southern horrors and other writings: the anti-lynching campaign of Ida B. Wells, 1892-1900. Boston:Bedford Books.

Wray, M. 2006. Not quite white: white trash and the boundaries of whiteness. Durham: Duke University Press.





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Unit 4: Gendering the Body


Required reading:

Martin, E (1991) “The egg and the sperm” how science has constructed a romance based on stereotypical male-female roles” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 16(3): 485-501  

Erikainen , S. (2019). The past, present, and future of gender verification and sex categories in sport. Ch.8 in Gender Verification and the Making of the Female Body in Sport: A History of the Present. London: Routledge  


Recommended reading:

Fausto-Sterling, A (1992) Myths of Gender: Biological Theories About Women and Men (Second Edition). London: Basic Books

Fine, C (2010) Delusions of Gender: the Real Science Behind Sex Differences London: Icon

Howson, A (2005) Embodying Gender London: Sage

Oudshoorn, N (2000) “The Birth of Sex Hormones”. Ch. 3 in Schiebinger, L (ed.) Feminism and the Body Oxford: Oxford University Press

Schiebinger, L (2000) “Skeletons in the closet: the first illustrations of the female skeleton in eighteenth century anatomy” Chapter 1 in Schiebinger, L (ed) Feminism and the Body Oxford: Oxford University Press (available as electronic book)


Further reading:

Birke, L. (1999). Feminism and the Biological Body. Edinburg, Edinburgh University Press.

Casper, M and Moore LJ (2009) Missing Bodies: the Politics of Visibility New York: New York University Press

Fausto-Sterling, A. (2000) Sexing the Body: gender politics and the construction of sexuality New York: Basicbooks

Fine, C (2018) Testosterone Rex: Unmaking the Myths of Our Gendered Minds London: Icon Books

Fitzsimons, R. and Lennon, K. ( 2002) Theorising Gender. Cambridge: P olity.

Gatens, M (1991) A critique of the sex/gender distinction. In: Gunew, S. ed. A reader in feminist knowledge. London: Routledge.

Grosz, E. (1994). Volatile Bodies: Toward a Corporeal Feminism. Bloomington; Indianapolis, Indiana University Press.

Howson, A (2004) The Body in Society: An Introduction Cambridge: Polity Press

Harrison, W. H. (2006). The shadow and the substance: the sex/gender debate. In: Davis, K., Evans, M. and Lorber, J. eds. Handbook of gender and women's studies. London: Sage.

Hawkesworth, M. (1997). Confounding gender. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society. 22(3), pp.649 – 685.

Hird, M.J. (2000) Gender’s nature: intersexuals, transsexuals and the “sex”/”gender” binary. Feminist Theory. 1(3), pp.347-364

Hird, MJ (2004) Sex, Gender and Science Basingstoke: Palgrave

Jordan-Young, R and Karkazis, K (2019) Testosterone: An Unauthorized Biography Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press

Kevin, C (ed) (2009) Feminism and the Body: Interdisciplinary Perspectives Newcastle; Cambridge Scholars

Lacquer, T (1990) Making sex: body and gender from the Greeks to Freud. Cambridge MA:

Harvard University Press.

Martin, E. (1989). The Woman In The Body. A Cultural Analysis of Reproduction Milton Keynes: OUP

Moir, A and Jessel, D (1991) Brain Sex London: Mandarin

Phipps, A (2014) The Politics of the Body Cambridge: Polity Press

Richardson, S (2013) Sex Itself: The Search for Male and Female in the Human Genome Chicago: Chicago University Press

Roberts, C. (2001) "A Matter of Embodied Fact": Sex hormones and the history of bodies. Feminist Theory 3(1) 7-26

Roberts, C (2007) Messengers of Sex: Hormones, Biomedicine and Feminism Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Roberts, D (2011) Fatal Invention: How Science, Politics and Big Business Re-Create race in the Twenty-First Century New York: The New Press

Schiebinger, L (1994) Nature's body: sexual politics and the making of modern science. London: Pandora.

Schiebinger, L (2000) (ed.) Feminism and the Body Oxford: Oxford University Press

Wilton, T. 2000. Out/performing our selves: sex, gender and Cartesian dualism. Sexualities. 3(2), pp.237-254.




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Unit 5: Masculinities

Required reading:


Connell, R. W. (2005) Masculinities. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Polity Press. Ch. 3 ‘The social organisation of masculinity’ pp. 67-86.  


Maclean, K (2016) Gender, risk and the Wall Street Alpha Male. Journal of Gender Studies. 25(4), pp.427-444.  


Additional viewing

Grayson Perry: All Man. Episode 3: Rational Man. 2016. Crombie, N. and Cary, A. dir.: Channel 4. Available on Box of Broadcasts (


Recommend reading:

Beasley, C. (2013) “Mind the gap? Masculinity studies and contemporary gender/sexuality thinkingAustralian Feminist Studies 28 (75) pp. 108-124.

Connell, R (2016) “Masculinities in global perspective: hegemony, contestation and changing structures of power” Theory and Society 45: 303-318

Garlick, S. (2003) “What is a man?: heterosexuality and the technology of masculinity” Men and Masculinities. 6(2), pp.156-172.

Halberstam, J. (1998) Female masculinity. Durham: Duke University Press. (see especially Chapter 1: An introduction to female masculinity: masculinity without men)

Ostrander, RN (2008) “When identities collide: masculinity, disability and race” Disability & Society 23(6): 585-597

Shuttleworth, R, Wedgewood, N and Wilson, NJ (2012) “The dilemma of disabled masculinity” Men & Masculinities 15(2): 174-194


Further reading:

Aavik, K. (2015) “'The most important decisions are made in the sauna': the role of social capital in creating intersectional privilege in the career narratives of Estonian male managers” NORMA: International Journal for Masculinity Studies. 10(1), pp.39-54.

Amar, P. (2011) “Middle East masculinity studies: discourses of ‘men in crisis’, industries of gender in revolutionJournal of Middle East Women's Studies 7(3), pp.36-70.

Beasley, C. (2008) “Rethinking hegemonic masculinity in a globalizing world” Men and Masculinities 11, pp.86-103.

Calhoun, L.R. (2005) “"Will the Real Slim Shady please stand up?": masking whiteness, encoding hegemonic masculinity in Eminem's Marshall Mathers LP” Howard Journal of Communications. 16(4), pp.267-294.

Carby, H.V. (1998) Race men. London: Harvard University Press.

Connell, R.W. (2003) “Masculinities, change, and conflict in global society: thinking about the future of men’s studies” Journal of Men's Studies. 11(3), pp.249-266.

Connell, R.W. and Messerschmidt, J.( 2005) “Hegemonic masculinity: rethinking the concept” Gender and Society 19(6), pp. 829-859.

Coston, B.M. and Kimmel, M. (2012) “Seeing privilege where it isn’t: marginalized masculinities and the intersectionality of privilege” Journal of Social Issues. 68(1), pp.97-111.

Currier, D.M. 2(013) “Strategic ambiguity: protecting emphasized femininity and hegemonic masculinity in the hookup culture” Gender & Society. 27(5), pp.704-727.

Davis, J.E. (2001) Transgressing the masculine: African American boys and the failure of schools. In: Martino, W. and Meyen, B. eds. What about the boys: issues of masculinity in schools. Buckingham: Open University Press, pp.140-153.

de Boise, S. (2014) “Cheer up emo kid: rethinking the 'crisis of masculinity' in emo” Popular Music. 33(2), pp.225-242.

de Boise, S. (2015) Men, masculinity, music and emotions. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Demetriou, D. Z. (2001) “Connell’s concept of hegemonic masculinity: a critique” Theory and Society 30(3), pp.337-361.

Edwards, T. (2006) Cultures of masculinities. London: Routledge.

Fanon, F. (1967) Black skins, white masks. C. L. Markman (trans) New York: Grove Press. Especially Ch. 3 ‘The man of colour and the white woman’.

Flood, M. 2007. “Men, sex, and homosociality: how bonds between men shape their sexual relations with women” Men and Masculinities 10(3), pp.339-359

Gardiner, J.K. (2013) Masculinity studies and feminist theory: new directions. Columbia University Press.

Hearn, J. (2014) “Men, masculinities and the material(-)discursive” NORMA: International Journal for Masculinity Studies. 9(1), pp.5-17.

Louie, K. (2002) Theorising Chinese masculinity: society and gender in China Cambridge: CUP

Louie, K. and Low, M. (eds) 2003. Asian masculinities: the meaning and practice of manhood in China and Japan London: Routledge

Nayak, A. (2006) “Displaced masculinities: chavs, youth and class in the post-industrial city” Sociology. 40(5), pp.813-831.

Neal, M.A. (2013) Looking for Leroy: illegible black masculinities. New York: New York University Press.

Nguyen, A. (2008) “Patriarchy, power, and female masculinity” Journal of Homosexuality 55(4).

Pasura, D and Christou, A (2017) “Theorizing black (African) transnational masculinities” Men & Masculinities 21(4): 521-546

Sasson-Levy, O. (2002) “Constructing identities at the margins: masculinities and citizenship in the Israeli Army” Sociological Quarterly 43(3), pp.357-383.

Waling, A. (2014) “Heroes, retros and metros: narratives of conflicting masculinities within contemporary Australian media” Outskirts. 30.

Wedgwood, N. (2009) “Connell’s theory of masculinity – its origins and influences on the study of gender” Journal of Gender Studies 18(4), pp.329-339.




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Unit 6: Queering Sexuality


Required reading:


Fausto-Sterling, A. (2002) The five sexes: why male and female are not enough. In: Christine Williams and Arlene Stein (eds.) Sexuality and Gender, Oxford: Blackwell.   OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 14/01/2022) 


Stryker, S. (1994) My Words to Victor Frankenstein Above of the Village of Chamounix: Performing Transgender Rage. GLQ 1(3) 237-254.   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 



 Recommended reading:

Butler, J. (1994) “Gender as performance” Radical Philosophy 67 (reprinted in P. Osborne

1996) A critical sense. London: Routledge

Halberstam, J. (2005) In a queer time and place: transgender bodies, subcultural Lives. New York and London: New York University Press

Patel, N. (2017) “Violent cistems: Trans experiences of bathroom space” Agenda 31(1) 51-63

Pearce, R, Vincent, B and Erikainen, S (2020) “TERF Wars: An Introduction” The Sociological Review Monographs 68(4): 677 – 698 (see this entire ‘TERF Wars’ collection for some outstanding essays on trans issues)

Stone, S. (1991) The empire strikes back: a post-transsexual manifesto. In: J. Epstein and K.

Straub (eds.) 1991. Body guards: the cultural politics of gender ambiguity, Routledge.


Further reading:

Chiang, H. (2012) Transgender China. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan

De Vries, K. M. (2014) “Transgender people of colour at the centre: conceptualising a new

intersectional model: Ethnicities pp. 1-25

Dutta, A and Roy, R (2014) “Decolonizing transgender in India: some reflections” Transgender Studies Quarterly 1(3): 320-337

Gupta, K. (2018) “Response and responsibility: Mainstream media and Lucy Meadows in a post-Leveson context” Sexualities OnlineFirst.

Hawley, J.C. (ed) (2001) Post-colonial queer: theoretical intersections. New York: State

University of New York Press. 

Heyes, C. J. (2003) “Feminist solidarity after queer theory: the case of transgender” Signs 28 (4) pp. 1019-1120 

Hines, S. (2010) “Sexing gender/gendering sex: towards an intersectional analysis of

Transgender” In: Taylor, Y., Hines, S. and Casey M. (eds.) Theorizing intersectionality and sexuality. Palgrave Macmillan

Hird, M. J. (2000) “Gender’s nature: Intersexuals, Transsexuals and the ‘sex’/’gender’ binary” Feminist theory 1(2) pp. 347-364

Hird, M. J. (2002) “For a sociology of transsexualismSociology 36(3) pp. 557-595

Kessler, S. and McKenna, W. (2000) “Who put the ‘trans’ in transgender? Gender theory and everyday

Life” The International Journal of Transgenderism, 4 (3)

Koyama, E. (2003) Transfeminist Manifesto. In: Dicker, R. and Piepmeier, A. (eds) Catching a wave: reclaiming feminism for the 21st century. Northeastern Press

Koyama, E. (2006) Whose Feminism Is It Anyway? The Unspoken Racism of the Trans Inclusion Debate.  In: Stryker, S. and Whittle, S. (eds) The Transgender Studies Reader. New York and Abingdon: Routledge.

Jackson, S. and Scott, S. (eds) (1996) Feminism and sexuality: a reader. New York: Columbia

University Press

Jackson, S. (2006) “Gender, sexuality and heterosexuality: the complexity (and limits) of

Heteronormativity” Feminist Theory, 7(1) pp. 105-121 

Jagose, A. (1996) Queer theory: an introduction. University of Melbourne Press 

Johnson, E. P. and Henderson, M (eds) (2005) Black queer studies: a critical anthology

Durham: Duke University Press 

Levine, P. (2000) “Orientalist sociology and the creation of colonial sexualities”

Feminist Review

, 65. Pp. 5-21 

Lacquer, T. (1990) Making sex: body and gender from the Greeks to Freud. Cambridge MA:

Harvard University Press.

May, A and Swarr, AL (2008) “Threads of commonality in transgender and disability studies” Disability Studies Quarterly 28(4)

Munt, S. (ed.) (1998)  Butch/femme: inside lesbian gender. London: Cassell.

Namaste, V. (2009) “Undoing theory: the ‘transgender question’ and the epistemic violence of Anglo-American feminist theory” Hypatia 24 (3) pp. 11-32

Nestle, J. (ed.) (1992) The persistent desire: a butch-femme reader. Boston MA: Alyson


Pearce, R. (2018) Understanding Trans Health: Discourse, Power and Possibility. Bristol: Policy Press:

Pearce, R. et al. (2018) “Introduction: The emergence of ‘trans’” Sexualities OnlineFirst.

Prosser, J. (1998) Second skins: the body narratives of transsexuality. New York: Columbia.

Pyle, K. (2018) “Naming and Claiming: Recovering Ojibwe and Plains Cree Two-Spirit Language” Transgender Studies Quarterly 5 (4) pp. 574-588

Rich, A. (1980) Compulsory heterosexuality and lesbian existence. In: Stimpson and Person

(eds) Women - sex and sexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Richardson, Diane (2000) Rethinking sexuality. London: Sage.

Roen, K. (2001) ”Transgender theory and embodiment: the risk of racial marginalization”

Journal of Gender Studies 10 (3) pp. 253-263

Rubin, G. (1975) Thinking sex: notes for a radical theory of the politics of sexuality. In

Abelove, H., Barale, M.A. and Halperin, D. (eds) 1993. The lesbian and gay studies reader. New York: Routledge. 

Sedgwick, E. K. (1990) The epistemology of the closet. Berkeley: University of California


Slater, J and Liddiard, K (2018) “Why disability studies must challenge transmisogyny and transphobia” Canadian Journal of Disability Studies 7(2): 83-93

Snorton, C (2017) Black on Both Sides: A Racial History of Trans Identity University of Minnesota Press

Stryker, S. and Whittle, S. (2006) The Transgender Studies Reader. New York and Abingdon:


Walters, S. D. (1996) “From here to queer: radical feminism, postmodernism and the lesbian

Menace” Signs 21 (4)

Weed, E. and Schor, N. (eds) (1997) Feminism meets queer theory. Bloomington: Indiana

University Press.

Wiegman, R. (2006) “Heteronormativity and the desire for gender” Feminist Theory 7(1) pp.





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Unit 7: Gender, "The Family" and Domestic Work

Required Reading:

Oakley, A. (2019/1974) ‘Marriage and the division of labour’ (Chapter 8), in The Sociology of Housework, Oxford: Martin Robinson.   

van Hooff, J.H. 2011. Rationalising inequality: heterosexual couples' explanations and justifications for the division of housework along traditionally gendered lines. Journal of Gender Studies. 20(1), pp.19-30.  


Recommended Reading:

Bhattacharya, T. (2019) Social Reproduction Theory. London: Verso books.

Davis, A.  (1981) Women, Race & Class. London: Penguin 

Delphy, C.. 1984. Close to home: a materialist analysis of women's oppression. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.

Hochschild, A. and Machung, A. (1990) The Second Shift. New York: Avon Books.

Richardson, D. (1993) Women, Motherhood and Childrearing, Basingstoke: Macmillan

Smart, C. and Smart, B. 1978 Women, Sexuality and Social Control, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Walby, S. (1989). Theorizing patriarchy. Wiley

Further reading:

The Care Collective (2020) The Care Manifesto. London: Verso.

Barrett, M. and McIntosh, M. (1982) The Anti-Social Family, London: Verso/NLB

Barrett, M. 1988. Women's oppression today: the Marxist / feminist encounter. London: Verso.

Casey E, Littler J. (2021)Mrs Hinch, the rise of the cleanfluencer and the neoliberal refashioning of housework: Scouring away the crisis? The Sociological Review. November 2021. doi:10.1177/00380261211059591

Collins, P.H. 2009. Bloodmothers, other mothers, and women-centered networks. Reconstructing Gender: A Multicultural Anthology. Pp. 318-324.

Dalla Costa, M. and James, S., (1975). The Power of Women and the Subversion of Community. Bristol: Falling Wall Press.

Delphy, C. and D. Leonard (1992) Familiar Exploitation: A New Analysis of Marriage in  Contemporary Western Societies. Cambridge, Oxford and Malden, MA: Polity Press.

Dryden, C., (1998). Being married, doing gender: a critical analysis of gender relationships in marriage. London: Routledge

Duffy (2007) ‘Doing the Dirty work: Gender, Race, and Reproductive Labor in Historical Perspective’, Gender and society.

Ehrenreich, B. and A. Hochschild, eds. (2002) Global Woman: Nannies, Maids and Sex Workers in the New Economy. London: Granta Books

Federici, S. (1975) Wages Against Housework. Bristol: Published jointly by the Power of Women Collective and the Falling Wall Press.

Fraser, N. (2016) Social Reproduction: Contradictions of capital and care, New Left Review 100. pp99-117.

Giddens, A., 1992. The transformation of intimacy. Cambridge: Polity Press

Gillies, V. (2008) ‘Family and Intimate Relationships: A Review of the Sociological Research’, South Bank University,  

Hochschild, A. R. (2000) 'Global Care Chains and Emotional Surplus Value', in Hutton, W. and Giddens, A. (eds) On The Edge: Living with Global Capitalism. London: Jonathan Cape

Jamieson, L., 1998. Intimacy: personal relationships in modern societies. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Jamieson, L., 1999. Intimacy transformed? A critical look at the ‘pure’ relationship. Sociology, 33 (3), 477–494.

Lyonette C, Crompton R. (2015) Sharing the load? Partners’ relative earnings and the division of domestic labour. Work, Employment and Society. 29(1):23-40. doi:10.1177/0950017014523661 

McRobbie, A.  (2020) Feminism and the Politics of Resilience: Essays on Gender, Media and the End of Welfare. Polity.

Oakley, A. (1985). Housewife. Penguin (Original work published 1974).

Oakley, A. (1974) The Sociology of Housework, Oxford: Martin Robinson.

Oakley, A. (1981) From Here to Maternity: Becoming a mother, Harmondsworth: Penguin

Pateman, C. (1988) The Sexual Contract, Cambridge: Polity Press.

Reay, D.  (1998),  Class work: Mother's involvement in their children's primary schooling, UCL Press, London

Smart, C. (2001) Family Fragments, Cambridge: Polity

Teeple Hopkins, C., 2017. Mostly work, little play: social reproduction, migration and paid domestic work in Montreal. In T.  Bhattacharya, ed. Social Reproduction Theory: Remapping Class, Recentering Oppression. London: Pluto Press, pp. 131–148

VanEvery, J., 1996. Heterosexuality and domestic life. In: D. Richardson, ed. Theorising heterosexuality. Buckingham: Open University Press, 39–55.

Wearing, B. 1984 The Ideology of Motherhood, Sydney: Allen and Unwin.  




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Unit 8: Gender and Social Class

Required reading:

Skeggs,  B. (1997).  ‘Ambivalent femininities’ (Chapter 6) in Formations  of  class  and  gender: Becoming respectable. London: Sage. pp. 98-117.  (If you have time, please also read the Introductory chapter of this book.)  

Tyler, I, (2008) ‘Chav mum, chav scum: class disgust in contemporary Britain’, Feminist Media Studies 8:1: 17:34.  


Recommended reading:

Allen, K. (2014). ‘Blair's children’: young women as ‘aspirational subjects’ in the psychic landscape of class. The Sociological Review. 62(4), pp.760-779.

Lawler S., (1999), ‘Getting out and getting away: women’s narratives of class mobility’, Feminist Review, 63: 3–24.

Mahoney, P. and  Zmroczek, C. (1997), (eds). Class Matters: "Working Class" Women's Perspectives On Social Class. London: Taylor & Francis

Ringrose, J. and Walkerdine, V. 2008. Regulating the Abject: The Tv Make-over as Site of Neo-Liberal Reinvention toward Bourgeois Femininity. Feminist Media Studies. 8(3), pp.227-246.

Walkerdine, V., Lucey, H. and Melody, J., (2001), Growing Up Girl: Psychosocial Explorations of Gender and Class, Basingstoke: Palgrave.


Further reading:

Abbott, P. and Sapsford, R (1987) Women and Social Class, Tavistock

Allen, K. and Taylor, Y. (2013) ‘Placing parenting, locating unrest: Failed femininities, troubled mothers and riotous subjects’. Studies in the Maternal, 4(2).

Allen, K., Tyler, I. and De Benedictis, S. 2014. Thinking with 'White Dee': the gender politics of 'austerity porn'. Sociological Research Online. 19(3).

Crompton, R. and Mann, M. (eds) (1987) Gender and Stratification, Cambridge: Polity Press.

Gillies, V., (2007), Marginalised Mothers: Exploring Working-class Experience of Parenting, London: Routledge

Hey, V. (2003) ‘Joining the Club? Academia and Working-class Femininities’, Gender and Education 5(3): 319–35.

hooks, b. (2000) Where we stand: class matters. London: Routledge

Kehily, M.J. and Nayak, A. (2014) ‘Charver Kids and Pram-face Girls: Working Class Youth, Representation and Embodied Performance’ in Buckingham et al. (eds).Youth cultures in the age of global media, Palgrave Macmillan: Chapter 9

Lawler, S., (2000), Mothering the Self: Mothers, Daughters, Subjects, London: Routledge.

Lawler, S. (2005). “Disgusted Subjects: The Making of Middle-Class Identities.” The Sociological Review 53 (3): 429–446

Munt, Sally (2000) Cultural Studies and the Working Class, London: Cassell

Payne, J, and Abbott, P. (1990) The Social Mobility of Women, Falmer Press

Reay, D., (2004), ‘Gendering Bourdieu’s concepts of capitals? Emotional capital, women and social class’, The Sociological Review, 52: 57–74.

Reay, D., (2005), ‘Doing the dirty work of social class? Mothers’ work in support of their children’s schooling’, The Sociological Review, 53: 104–116

Reay     D     (2005)    Beyond     consciousness?     The     psychic     landscape     of     social     classSociology    39(5): 911–28.

Reynolds, T. (1997) ‘Black women and social class identity’, In: Pat Mahoney and Christine Zmroczek, eds. Class Matters: "Working Class" Women's Perspectives On Social Class. London: Taylor & Francis, pp.82-93.

Skeggs. B. (1997).’ Classifying Practices: Representations, Capitals and Recognitions. In: Pat Mahoney and Christine Zmroczek, eds. Class Matters: "Working Class" Women's Perspectives On Social Class. London: Taylor & Francis, pp. 123-140.

Skeggs, B.  2004. Class, Self, Culture. Routledge.

Skeggs, B.  (2001). ‘The Toilet Paper: Femininity, Class and Misrecognition’. Women's Studies International Forum, 24(3-4), pp. 295-307.

Skeggs, B.  (2009). ‘The moral economy of person production: the class relations of self-performance on `reality' television’. The Sociological Review, 57(4), pp. 626-644.

Skeggs, B.  (2010). ‘Class’, In:  Wetherell, M. and  Mohanty, C. eds. The SAGE Handbook of Identities.

Steedman, C., (1986), Landscape for a Good Woman, London: Virago.

Taylor, Y., (2012). Fitting into place? Class and Gender Geographies and Temporalities. Farnham: Ashgate

Tyler, I. (2011), 'Pramface girls: the class politics of 'maternal TV'', in Helen Wood and Beverley Skeggs (eds.), Reality Television and Class (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan), p. 210-24.

Walkerdine, V. (2003). Reclassifying upward mobility: femininity and the neo-liberal subject. Gender and Education. 15(3), pp.237-248.

Walkerdine, V. (2011). “Shame on You! Intergenerational Trauma and Working-Class Femininity on Reality  Television.” In Reality Television and Class BFI, edited by H. Wood and B. Skeggs. London: Palgrave

Wood, H. (2018) The Magaluf Girl: a public sex scandal and the digital class relations of social contagion, Feminist Media Studies, 18:4, 626-642

Woods, F. (2014), 'Classed Femininity, Performativity, and Camp in British Structured Reality Programming', Television and New Media, 15 (3), p. 197-214.





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Unit 9: Activisms

Required Reading:

Emejulu, A & Bassel, L. (2015). Minority women, austerity and activism. Race & Class, 57 (2), 86-95.  

Mendes K, Ringrose J, Keller J. (2018) #MeToo and the promise and pitfalls of challenging rape culture through digital feminist activismEuropean Journal of Women’s Studies, 25(2):236-246.  

Optional additional reading:

Emejulu, A. (2018), On the problems and possibilities of feminist solidarity: The Women's March one year on. IPPR Progressive Review, 24: 267-273 Available for free here:  On the problems and possibilities of feminist solidarity: The Women's March one year on - Emejulu - 2018 - IPPR Progressive Review - Wiley Online Library


Recommended Reading:

Alcoff, L. (1991(. The problem of speaking for others. Cultural critique, 20, pp. 5-32

Emejulu, A. and Sobande, F. (eds.) (2019) To Exist is to Resist: Black Feminism in Europe. London: Pluto Press. (Download for free here: To Exist is to Resist (

Jupp E. (2017), ‘Home space, gender and activism: The visible and the invisible in austere times’. Critical Social Policy. 37(3):348-366

Mendes, K,  Ringrose, J. and Keller, J. (2019) Digital Feminist Activism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Olufemi, L. (2020) Feminism Interrupted: disrupting power. London: Pluto Press.

Phipps, A (2019) Me, not you: the trouble with mainstream feminism. Manchester: Manchester University Press.


Further reading:

Ahmed, S. (2017). Living a feminist life. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Bassel, L. and Emejulu, A., (2017). Minority Women and Austerity: Survival and Resistance in France and Britain. Policy Press.

Borah, R. and Nandi, S. (2012). Reclaiming the feminist politics of ‘slutwalk’. International Feminist Journal of Politics 14 (3) pp. 415-421

Chen, C. W., Gorski, P. C. (2015). ‘Burnout in social justice and human rights activists: Symptoms, causes and implications’. Journal of Human Rights Practice, 7, 366-390.

Cohen, C. and Jackson, S. (2016). ‘Ask a Feminist: a conversation with Cathy J. Cohen on Black Lives Matter, Feminism and contemporary activism’. Signs 41 (4). pp. 775-790

Enke, A. 2007. Finding the movement: sexuality, contested space, and feminist activism. Duke University press.

Harris, A. (ed) 2008. Next wave cultures: feminism, subcultures, activism. London: Routledge

Hawkesworth, M. E. 2006. Globalization and feminist activism. Rowman and Littlefield  publishers

Hewitt, L. (2011). ‘Framing across differences, building solidarities: lessons from women’s rights activism in transnational spaces’. Interface 3 (2) pp.65- 99.

Keller, J. and Maureen Ryan (eds) (2018) Emergent feminisms and the challenge to postfeminist media cultures. London: Routledge.

Molyneux, M. (1998). Analysing women’s movements. Development and change, 29 (2) pp. 219-245

Naples, N. (2012). Community activism and feminist politics: Organizing across race, class, and gender. New York: Routledge.

Page T, Bull A, Chapman E. (2019), Making Power Visible: “Slow Activism” to Address Staff Sexual Misconduct in Higher Education. Violence Against Women. 25(11):1309-1330.

Phipps, A. (2016). ‘Whose personal is more political? Experience in contemporary feminist  politics’. Feminist Theory 17 (3) pp.1-19.

Roseneil, S. (1995) Disarming Patriarchy: Feminism and Political Action at Greenham, Buckingham: Open University.

Rowbotham, S. (1977) Hidden from History : 300 years of Women's Oppression and the Fight Against it London: Pluto Press.

Segal, L.(2003) 'Lost Worlds: Political Memoirs of the Left in Britain', Radical Philosophy 121: 6-23




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Required reading:

Gill, R. (2017). The affective, cultural and psychic life of postfeminism: A postfeminist sensibility 10 years on. European Journal of Cultural Studies, 20(6), 606–626.   


McRobbie, A. (2004). Post‐feminism and popular culture. Feminist Media Studies, 4(3), 255–264.  



Recommended Reading:

Banet-Weiser, S., Gill, R., & Rottenberg, C. (2019). Postfeminism, popular feminism and neoliberal feminism? Sarah Banet-Weiser, Rosalind Gill and Catherine Rottenberg in conversation. Feminist Theory,

Dosekun, S. (2020). Fashioning Postfeminism: Spectacular Femininity and Transnational Culture. University of Illinois Press.

Genz, S. (2009) Postfemininities in Popular Culture (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan)

Negra, D. (2009) What a girl wants? Fantasizing the Reclamation of Self in Postfeminsim (Oxon: Routledge)

Orgad, S. and De Benedictis, S. 2015. The ‘stay-at-home’ mother, postfeminism and neoliberalism: Content analysis of UK news coverage. European Journal of Communication. 30(4), pp.418-436.



Further Reading:

 Allen K, Mendick H, Harvey L, Ahmad A. (2015) Welfare Queens, Thrifty Housewives, and Do-It-All Mums: Celebrity motherhood and the cultural politics of austerity. Feminist Media Studies. 15(6), pp. 907-925

Arthurs, J. (2003) ‘Sex and The City and Consumer Culture: Remediating Postfeminist Drama’ Feminist Media Studies, 3(1): 83-98.

Butler, J. (2013) For White girls only? Postfeminism and the politics of inclusion. Feminist Formations. 25(1), p35.

Coppock, V. Hayden, D. & Richter, I. (1995) The Illusions of ‘Post-feminism’: New Women, Old Myths (Abingdon: Taylor & Francis)

Genz, S. (2017). ‘I Have Work … I Am Busy … Trying to Become Who I Am’: Neoliberal Girls and Recessionary Postfeminism. In M. Nash & I. Whelehan (Eds.), Reading Lena Dunham’s Girls: Feminism, postfeminism, authenticity and gendered performance in contemporary television (pp. 17–30). Springer International Publishing.

Gill, R. (2007) “Postfeminist Media Culture: Elements of a Sensibility” European Journal of Cultural Studies 10(2); 147-166

Gill, R. and Scharff, C. eds (2011) New Femininities: Postfeminism, Neoliberalism and Subjectivity (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan)

Gill, R,, & Orgad, S. (2018) The Amazing Bounce-Backable Woman: Resilience and the Psychological Turn in Neoliberalism. Sociological Research Online, 23(2), 477–495.

Hamad, H. (2014). Fairy Jobmother to the Rescue?:Postfeminism and the Recessionary Cultures of Reality TV. In D. Negra & Y. Tasker (Eds.), Gendering the Recession (pp. 223–245). Duke University Press.

Hollows, J. (2000) Feminism, Femininity and Popular Culture (Manchester: Manchester University Press)

Jensen, T. and Ringrose, J. (2014) Sluts that choose vs doormat gypsies: exploring affect in the postfeminist, visual moral economy of My Big Fat Gypsy Wedding. Feminist Media Studies. 14(3), pp.369-387.

Lotz, A. (2001) “Postfeminist Television Criticism: Rehabilitating Critical Terms and Identifying Postfeminist Attributes” Feminist Media Studies, 1 (1): 105-121.

Martin, J. (2020). Keep crafting and carry on: Nostalgia and domestic cultures in the crisis. European Journal of Cultural Studies.

McRobbie, A. (2009) The Aftermath of Feminism: Gender, Culture and Social Change (London: Sage)

Moseley, R. and Read, J. (2002) “Having it Ally: Popular Television (Post-) Feminism” Feminist Media Studies, 2(2): 231-249

Scharff, C. (2011) Disarticulating feminism: individualization, neoliberalism and the othering of ‘Muslim women’. European Journal of Women's Studies. 18(2), pp.119-134.

Scharff, C. (2012) Repudiating feminism: young women in a neoliberal world. Farnham: Ashgate.

Skeggs, B. (1997) Formations of class & gender: becoming respectable. London: Sage.

Skeggs, B. (2004)Class, self, culture. London: Routledge

Tasker, Y. and Negra, D. eds (2007)  Interrogating Postfeminism: Gender and the Politics of Popular Culture (USA: Duke University Press)




This list was last updated on 03/05/2022