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HIST3240
Module Reading List

The Harlem Renaissance: Black Culture and Politics 1919-1940, 2021/22, Semester 1, 2
Dr Kate Dossett
k.dossett@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Seminar 1: Introduction to the Harlem Renaissance

Core Reading

Primary:

W.E.B Du Bois ‘The Criteria of Negro Art’ in Within the Circle: An Anthology of African American Literary Criticism from the Harlem Renaissance to the present ed by Angelyn Mitchell

Alain Locke 'Art or Propaganda' in  Harlem, Vol. I, No. 1 November 1928 also available within the Online Course Readings Folder from Nathan Huggins, Voices from the Harlem Renaissance (New York, 1995)

Langston Hughes ‘The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain’ in Within the Circle: An Anthology of African American Literary Criticism from the Harlem Renaissance to the present ed by Angelyn Mitchell

 Zora Neale Hurston, 'How it Feels to be Colored Me' 

Alain Locke, ‘The New Negro’ in Alain Locke (ed.) Harlem : Mecca of the new Negro. (Survey Graphic) : http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/harlem/contents.html

Secondary:

George Hutchinson “Introduction” in The Cambridge companion to the Harlem Renaissance

B. Johnson article on ‘Globalizing the Harlem Renaissance’ available within the Online Course Readings Folder

David Levering Lewis Ch 5. When Harlem Was in Vogue available within the Online Course Readings Folder

Further Reading: 

Primary:

Langston Hughes The Big Sea Part 3: Black Renaissance, pp 223-334 ( Norton Anthology of African American Literature )

Countee Cullen ‘Yet Do I Marvel, For A Poet’ ( Norton Anthology of African American Literature )

James Weldon Johnson, Black Manhattan ( 1933. reprint New York: Da Capo Press,1991.)

Walter Thurman Ch 21, Infants of the Spring, ( Norton Anthology of African American Literature )

Further Secondary Reading:

Harlem Renaissance 1919-1940: A Cultural Flowering Introduction in the Norton Anthology of African American Literature (New York & London, 1997) Henry Louis Gates Jr and Nellie McKay eds., pp 929-936

Hazel Arnett Ervin ed., African American literary criticism, 1773 to 2000 (New York: Twayne, 1999)

Henry Louis Gates, Jr. and Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham eds. . Harlem Renaissance lives from the African American national biography

Alessandra Lorini, ‘The Spell of Africa is Upon Me’: W.E.B Du Bois’ Notion of Art as Propaganda’ in Genevieve Fabre and Michel Feith eds., Temples for tomorrow : looking back at the Harlem Renaissance (Bloomington, 2001)

Ralph L. Pearson, ‘Combating Racism With Art: Charles S. Johnson and the Harlem Renaissance’ in Cary D. Wintz ed., Analysis and Assessment 1940-1979 (1996)

Abraham Chapman, ‘The Harlem Renaissance in literary history’ in Cary D.Wintz ed., Analysis and Assessment 1980-1994 (New York, 1996) also in Comparative literature. Journal 11 (1967)

Chidi Ikonne, From Du Bois to Van Vechten : the early new Negro literature, 1903-1926 (Westport, CT, London, 1981) esp pp 99-106. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

John C. Charles, “What was Africa to him? : Alain Locke, cultural nationalism, and the rhetoric of empire during the new Negro Renaissance” in New voices on the Harlem Renaissance : essays on race, gender, and literary discourse, edited by Australia Tarver and Paula C. Barnes (Madison, N.J, 2006). Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva   

Maureen Honey, ‘Introduction’ in Shadowed dreams : women's poetry of the Harlem Renaissance (New Brunswick & London, 1989) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Johnson, B. (2006). Globalizing the Harlem Renaissance, Irish, Mexican and "Negro" renaissances in 'The Survey,' 1919-1929. Journal of Global History, 1(2), 155-175. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva   

Nathan Huggins, Harlem Renaissance (New York, 1971)

George Hutchinson, The Harlem Renaissance in Black and White (Cambridge, MA 1996)

David Levering Lewis, When Harlem Was in Vogue (New York, 1981)

Tony Martin Literary Garveyism: Garvey, Black Arts, and the Harlem Renaissance. (Dover, MA,1983)

Tyrone Tillery Claude McKay: a black poet's struggle for identity (Amherst, 1992)

Gloria T Hull, ‘Introduction’ in Color, Sex and Poetry (Bloomington and Indianapolis, 1987)

Tyrone Tillery, ‘Introduction’ in Claude McKay: a black poet's struggle for identity (Amherst, 1992)

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 Seminar 2: African American Literature & History Prior to the Harlem Renaissance

Core Reading: 

Frederick Douglass ‘ Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Written By Himself’ Preface, Letter from Wendell Phillips, Ch.s I, II, X,XI and Appendix.

Questions to Consider:

  • How does Douglass respond to Covey’s efforts to subdue him (Ch. X)?
  • Where does he find the strength to resist?
  • What do you think is Douglass’s message?

Commentary

 Podcasts:

 Harriet Jacobs ‘ Incidents in the life of a slave girl ’, esp. Ch.s X and XIV

Questions to Consider:

  • How does Jacobs frame sexuality in Incidents and why?

Commentary:

  • Margaret Washington, Margaret. “‘From Motives of Delicacy’: Sexuality and Morality in the Narratives of Sojourner Truth and Harriet Jacobs.” The Journal of African American History 92.1 (2007): 57–73.

Further Reading and Reference Books

William L Andrews, Frances Smith Foster, Trudier Harris eds., The Concise Oxford Companion to African American Literature (OUP, 2001)

Searchable biographies and book summaries http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/BOOK_SEARCH.html? book=t52&subject=s13

https://docsouth.unc.edu/support/about/

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Seminar 3 Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois

Core Reading:  

Booker T. Washington, Up from Slavery, esp. Ch.s I, II, III and XIV 

Questions to Consider:

  • How does BTW talk about slavery? What language does he use?
  • How does BTW describe his struggles to get an education?

Secondary Reading:Choose an essay from:

  1. Fitzhugh Brundage, Booker T. Washington and Black Progress : Up from Slavery 100 Years Later . Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2003.  

Thomas Aiello, “The First Fissure: The Du Bois-Washington Relationship from 1898-1899.” Phylon 51.1 (2014): 76–87.

 Core Reading: Du Bois’ Souls of Black Folk, esp. Ch.s I, II, III, V, VIII, IX, X, XIV

You can listen to an audio recording of Souls here  

You can access Du Bois’s Papers:  https://credo.library.umass.edu/view/collection/mums312

Questions to Consider:

  • What is Du Bois’s criticism of BTW? (See esp. Ch. III ‘Of Booker T. Washington and Others’)
  • Why does Du Bois consider Negro spirituals the ‘sole American music’ and ‘the singular spiritual heritage of the nation’? (See esp. Ch. XIV: The Sorrow Songs)

 Secondary Reading: Choose from the following:

 Ibram X. KendiThe Soul of W.E.B. Du Bois’ 14 Feb 2018

Zamir, Shamoon. “The Souls of Black Folk: Thought and Afterthought.” Chapter. In The Cambridge Companion to W. E. B. Du Bois, edited by Shamoon Zamir, 7–36.: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Carmiele Y., Wilkerson, and Shamoon Zamir. “Du Bois and the ‘New Negro.’” The Cambridge Companion to W. E. B. Du Bois edited by Shamoon Zamir, 64–75. Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Gerald Horne, W.E.B. Du Bois: A Biography (2010)

Core Reading: 

Katherine Clay Bassard,. 2015. The significance of signifying: Vernacular theory and the creation of early african american literary study. Early American Literature 50, (3): 849-854,969

Henry Louis Gates Jr. The Signifying Monkey: A Theory of African American Literary Criticism (2014)

Questions to consider:

  • What do you understand by the ‘vernacular’ in African American culture?

Further Reading and Resources:

Booker T. Washington papers available online at http://www.historycooperative.org/btw/

William L Andrews, Frances Smith Foster, Trudier Harris eds., The Concise Oxford Companion to African American Literature (OUP, 2001

Hazel Carby, Ch.1 in Race Men (Cambridge, MA, 1998)

David Levering Lewis, W.E.B. W.E.B. Du Bois : biography of a race 1868-1919 (1993)

W.E.B. Du Bois : a reader (1995)

W.E.B. DuBois : the fight for equality and the American century, 1919-1963. (2000)

Bill V. Mullen, Un-American : W.E.B. Du Bois and the century of world revolution ISBN: 9781439911105 paperback; 9781439911099 hardback, (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2015).

Stephanie J. Shaw, W.E.B. Du Bois and the souls of black folk ISBN: 9781469626437 (paperback); 9780807838730 (cloth : alk. paper); 080783873X (cloth : alk. paper); 1469612674 (electronic bk.); 9781469612676 (electronic bk.) (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2013).

Jeffrey C. Stewart, The new Negro : the life of Alain Locke ISBN: 9780195089578 (hardcover : acid-free paper) (Oxford University Press, 2018)

William L. Andrews & Henry Louis Gates Jr. eds., The Civitas anthology of African American slave narratives (Washington, 1999)

William L Andrews ed., A Norton Critical Edition of Up From Slavery (1996)

Lawrence Levine, Black Culture and Black Consciousness (1977)

Sterling Stuckey, Slave Culture: Nationalist Theory and the Foundations of Black America (1987)

Houston A Baker, Blues, ideology, and Afro-American literature : a vernacular theory (1984)

Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance (1987)

Cary D.Wintz ed., African American political thought, 1890-1930 : Washington, Du Bois, Garvey, and Randolph (1996)

Kevern Verney, The art of the possible : Booker T. Washington and black leadership in the United States, 1881-1925 (2001)

Hugh Hawkins ed., Booker T Washington and his critics: Black leadership in crisis, edited and with an introd. by Hugh Hawkins. (Lexington, Mass.1974 edition 2d)

Charles T David & Daniel Walden eds., On Being Black: Writings By Afro-Americans from Frederick Douglass to the Present (New York, 1970)

Louis R. Harlan, Booker T. Washington: the wizard of Tuskegee, 1901-1915 (New York, 1983)

August Meier, Negro thought in America, 1880-1915 : racial ideologies in the age of Booker T Washington: with a new introduction / by August Meier. (University of Michigan Press, 1988)

Articles

Houston A Baker Jr. ‘Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance’ American Quarterly., Vol. 39, No. 1, Special Issue: Modernist Culture in America. (Spring, 1987): 84-97.

Stuart Hall in the Guardian http://books.guardian.co.uk/departments/classics/story/0,6000,900405,00.html

Dickson D. Bruce Jr., ‘W. E. B. Du Bois and the Idea of Double Consciousness’ American Literature., Vol. 64, No. 2. (Jun., 1992): 299-309.

Raymond Hedin, ‘Paternal at Last: Booker T. Washington and the Slave Narrative Tradition,’ Callaloo.., No. 7. (Oct., 1979): 95-102.

Dan S. Green, ‘W. E. B. Du Bois' Talented Tenth: A Strategy for Racial Advancement’ Journal of Negro education., Vol. 46, No. 3. (Summer, 1977): 358-366.

Donald B. Gibson, ‘Strategies and Revisions of Self-Representation in Booker T. Washington's Autobiographies’ American Quarterly., Vol. 45, No. 3. (Sep., 1993): 370-393.

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Seminar 4: Harlem, Negro Metropolis: The Emergence of the New Negro and World War 1

 Core readings: 

Elise Johnson McDougald, “The Double Task: The Struggle of Negro Women for Sex and Race Emancipation,” Survey 53 (March 1, 1925): 689–691. (Seminar Room 4 VLE)

W.E.B. Du Bois ‘Close Ranks”  p 111 in The Crisis July 1918

W.E.B. Du Bois ‘Returning Soliders”pp 13-14 in The Crisis May 1919 and Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

W.A. Domingo Editorial The Messenger ‘If We Must Die’ Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Alain Locke, ‘Enter The New Negro’ in Survey Graphic March 1925

Angelina Weld Grimke poems Seminar Room 4 VLE

Anne Spencer, ‘The Wife Woman’ Seminar Room 4 VLE

Georgia Douglas Johnson poems Seminar Room 4 VLE

Marita Bonner, ‘On Being Young, A Woman-and Colored’ Seminar Room 4 VLE

Helen Johnson poems Seminar Room 4 VLE

Gwendolyn Bennett poems Seminar Room 4 VLE

 Core Secondary Readings

Stewart, Jeffrey C. “The New Negro as Citizen.” Chapter. In The Cambridge Companion to the Harlem Renaissance, edited by George Hutchinson, 13–27. Cambridge Companions to Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Mark Whalan, “The Only Real White Democracy” and the Language of Liberation: The Great War, France, and African American Culture in the 1920s.” Modern fiction studies. 51 (Winter 2005): 775-800

Henry Louis Gates, Jr., ‘‘The Trope of the New Negro and the Reconstruction of the Image of the Black,’’ Representations  24 (1988), 135–49.

Further Reading:

Primary: 

Carter G. Woodson, ‘The Migration of the Talented Tenth’ in Lewis ed., The Portable Harlem Renaissance Reader *

Philip Randolph, ‘A New Crowd- A New Negro’ in Huggins, Voices from the Harlem Renaissance: 18-20 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva *

W. A Domingo, ‘If We Must Die’ Huggins Voices from the Harlem Renaissance: 21-22 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva *

‘The New Negro-What Is He? ’ Editorial in the Messenger 23-27 * reprinted in Sondra Kathryn Wilson (ed.) The Messenger reader : stories, poetry, and essays from The Messenger magazine (New York, 2000) pp 201-204

James Weldon Johnson, Black Manhattan, Ch.s 7, 8, 12, 13-16, 18-20    

James Weldon Johnson, ‘Harlem: The Culture Capital’ in Alain Locke, The New Negro (New York, 1925) also available in Survey Graphic at http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/harlem/contents.html

Alain Locke, ‘The New Negro’ in The New Negro (1925) also available in Survey Graphic at http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/harlem/contents.html

Addie Waites & Kathryn Johnson, Two Colored Women with the American Expeditionary Forces (New York, Brooklyn Eagle Press. n.d. )

Rudolph Fisher, City of Refuge in Locke, The New Negro (New York, 1925) also available in Survey Graphic at http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/harlem/contents.html

Charles S. Johnson, ‘The New Frontage on American Life’ in Alain Locke The New Negro (New York, 1925)

J A Rogers, ‘Who is the New Negro and Why? ’ In The Messenger Reader ed Sondra Kathryn Wilson: 308-312 *

 Secondary: 

Mark Whalan, The Great War and the culture of the new negro (University Press of Florida, 2008).

Davarian L. Baldwin and Minkah Makalani eds., Escape from New York : the New Negro Renaissance beyond Harlem, (University of Minnesota Press, 2013)

Nicki Brown, Private politics and public voices : black women's activism from World War I to the New Deal ( Bloomington : Indiana University Press, c2006) **

Claudrena N. Harold, New Negro politics in the Jim Crow South ISBN: 9780820335124 (hardcover ; alk. paper); 0820335126 (hardcover ; alk. paper) (University of Georgia Press, 2016)

Martha Nadell: Enter the new Negroes : images of race in American culture (Cambridge, 2004).

Farah Jasmine Griffin, "Who set you flowin'? " : the African-American migration narrative, (New York, 1995).

Theodore Kornweibel, "Investigate everything" : federal efforts to compel black loyalty during World War I, (Bloomington, 2002).

Bill Harris, The Hellfighters of Harlem: African-American soldiers who fought for the right to fight for their country (2002)

Jeffrey T. Sammons  and John H.Morrow, Harlem's Rattlers and the Great War : the undaunted 369th Regiment and the African American quest for equality ISBN: 9780700619573 (cloth), (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2014).

 Michael Henry Adams, Harlem lost and found: an architectural and social history, 1765-1915 (2002)

Gilbert Osofsky, Harlem on my mind: cultural capital of Black America, 1900-1968 (New York, 1996)

Carole Marks, Farewell : we're good and gone : the great black migration (Bloomington, Indiana, 1989)

Arthur E. Barneau & Florette Henri, The unknown soldiers : African-American troops in World War I (Philadelphia, 1974)

Deborah Gray White, Ch 4 ‘A New Era’ in Too heavy a load : black women in defense of themselves, 1894-1994 (New York, 1999) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva   

Jervis Andersen, This Was Harlem: A Cultural Portrait 1900-1950 ((New York, 1981)

David Levering Lewis, When Harlem Was in Vogue (New York, 1986)

Nathan Huggins, Harlem Renaissance Introd., Ch.s 1 & 2

Articles

Adam McKible, "“We Return Fighting”: Black Doughboys and the Battle of Representation." American Periodicals: A Journal of History, Criticism, and Bibliography. ISSN: 1054-7479, vol. 26, no. 2, July 2016, pp. 167-182

Chad Williams, "A Mobilized Diaspora: The First World War and Black Soldiers as New Negroes," in Davarian L. Baldwin and Minkah Makalani eds., Escape from New York : the New Negro Renaissance beyond Harlem, (2013)    

Taylor, D. (2011). The New Negro and New York Politics, 1898-1933. Afro-Americans in New York Life & History, 35(1), 33-7 3

Mark Ellis, ‘W.E.B Du Bois and the Formation of Black Opinion in World War 1: A Commentary on “The Damnable Dilemma’ The Journal of American history., Vol. 81, No. 4. (Mar., 1995), pp. 1584-1590.

Mark Ellis, “Closing Ranks” and “Seeking Honors”: W.E.B. Du Bois in World War 1’ The Journal of American History, Vol 79, No. 1. (Jun., 1992): 96-124

William Jordan, “The Damnable Dilemma”: African-American Accommodation and Protest during World War 1 The Journal of American History, Vol. 81, No. 4. (Mar., 1995): 1562-1583

Carol J Batker, Ch 2 ‘Jessie Fauset and World War 1 Controversies in the African American Press’ in Reforming fictions : Native, African, and Jewish American women's literature and journalism in the Progressive Era (New York, 2000)

Trott, Sarah. "A 'Lost Crowd': Reconfiguring The Harlem Renaissance As A Post-War 'Lost Generation'." Comparative American studies : an international journal.. 11.4 (2013): 434-447 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva   

Steve Reich, ‘Soldiers of Democracy: Black Texans and the Fight for Citizenship, 1917-1921, The Journal of American history., Vol. 82, No. 4 (Mar., 1996), pp. 1478-1504.

Jeanette Keith, ‘The Politics of Southern Draft Resistance, 1917–1918: Class, Race, and Conscription in the Rural South’ The Journal of American history., March 2001, Vol. 87, No. 4.

Jeffrey B. Perry, "An Introduction to Hubert Harrison: 'The Father of Harlem Radicalism," in Souls ISSN: 1099-9949, Vol 2. No. 1

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Seminar 5: Print Culture and the Harlem Renaissance 

 Core Primary:

Crisis

Opportunity

Messenger

Negro World

Crusader  

Further resources for key periodicals 

Theodore G. Vincent Voices of a black nation : political journalism in the Harlem Renaissance (San Francisco, 1973)

Sondra Kathryn Wilson (ed.) The Messenger Reader

Tony Martin African Fundamentalism

Core Secondary Reading:

Jenny Woodley, “Du Bois’s Crisis and the Black Image on the Page” Chapter 3, Woodley, Art for Equality: The NAACP’s Cultural Campaign of Civil Rights (University Press of Kentucky, 2014)


Ikonne, C. (1979). "Opportunity and Black Literature", 1923-1933. Phylon, 40(1), 86–93. https://doi.org/10.2307/274425

Daryl Dickson-Carr, "The Importance of Being Iconoclastic: George Schuyler, The Messenger and the Black Menkenites" Ch. 2 in Spoofing the modern : satire in the Harlem Renaissance (University of South Carolina Press, 2015). Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Tony Martin, Literary Garveyism: Garvey, Black Arts and the Harlem Renaissance  

Chapters 1 and 2 in Minkah Makalani, In the cause of freedom radical Black internationalism from Harlem to London, 1917-1939 (UNC press, 2011)

Further Reading: 

Jenny Woodley, Art for equality : the NAACP's cultural campaign for civil rights ISBN: 9780813145167 (hardcover : acid-free paper); 0813145163 (hardcover : acid-free paper); 9780813145181 (PDF); 9780813145174 (ePub) (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2014). esp. Ch 2 and 3 

Felix L. Armfield,  Eugene Kinckle Jones : the national urban league and black social work, 1910-1940 ISBN: 9780252079993 (pbk.) : £18.99. (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2012). 

Touré F.Reed, Not alms but opportunity : the Urban League & the politics of racial uplift, 1910-1950 ISBN: 9780807859025 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9780807832233 (cloth : alk. paper); 0807832235 (cloth : alk. paper); 0807859028 (pbk. : alk. paper), (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2008).

Patrick J. Gilpin and Marybeth Gasman eds., Chapter 2: “From Riot to Renaissance” in Charles S. Johnson : leadership beyond the veil in the age of Jim Crow ISBN: 0791458989 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0791458970 (alk. paper) (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2003). OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (MAA 30/07/2018) 

Anne Elizabeth Carroll, Word, image, and the New Negro : representation and identity in the Harlem Renaissance (Bloomington, 2005).

Sondra Kathryn Wilson’s Introduction in The Crisis Reader , Opportunity Reader, Messenger Reader.

Gilbert Jonas, Freedom's sword : the NAACP and the struggle against racism in America, 1909-1969 (2004) espc. Chs.1-4.

Carol J Batker, Reforming fictions : Native, African, and Jewish American women's literature and journalism in the Progressive Era. (New York, 2000)

Manfred Berg, The ticket to freedom : the NAACP and the struggle for Black political integration, (Gainesville, 2005).

B.Joyce Ross, J. E. Spingarn and the rise of the NAACP, 1911-1939, (New York, 1972).

Lee Sartain, Invisible activists : women of the Louisiana NAACP and the struggle for civil rights, 1915-1945 (2007).

Christopher Robert, The Chicago NAACP and the rise of Black professional leadership, 1910-1966 (Indiana University, Press, 1997)

Chidi Ikonne, From Du Bois to Van Vechten (Westport, Conn, 1981)

Charles Flint Kellogg, NAACP: A history of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (Baltimore, 1967)

David Levering Lewis, W.E.B Du Bois: Biography of A Race: 1868-1919 (New York, 1993)

W.E.B. DuBois : the fight for equality and the American century, 1919-1963 (New York, 2000)

W.E.B Du Bois: A Reader

When Harlem Was in Vogue (New York, 1989)

Kenneth M. Price & J. Lawrence Oliver eds., Critical Essays on James Weldon Johnson (New York, 1997)

Carolyn Sylvander, Jessie Redmon Fauset (espc Ch 4) (New York, 1981)

Ted Vincent, Keep Cool: The Black Activists Who Built the Jazz Age

Sondra Wilson, ‘Introduction’ in The Messenger Reader

Tony Martin,Race First (Dover, MA)

Theodore Kornweibel, Jr, No crystal stair : black life and the Messenger, 1917-1928 (1975)

Ula Y Taylor, The Veiled Garvey: The Life & Times of Amy Jacques Garvey (Berkeley, 2002)

Winston James, Holding Aloft the Banner of Ethiopia: Caribbean Radicalism in Early Twentieth Century America (London, 1998)

Joyce Moore Turner, Caribbean crusaders and the Harlem Renaissance, (Urbana, Illinois, 2005).

Mark Naison, Communists in Harlem during the depression epsc Ch. 1 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

William J. Maxwell, New Negro, old Left : African-American writing and Communism between the wars, (New York, 1999). espc. Ch.1. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Cedric J. Robinson, Black Marxism : the making of the black radical tradition (London, 1983). espc. Ch. 9. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Jeffrey Ferguson The sage of Sugar Hill : George S. Schuyler and the Harlem Renaissance

Daryl Dickson-Carr, "The Importance of Being Iconoclastic: George Schuyler, The Messenger and the Black Menkenites" Ch. 2 in Spoofing the modern : satire in the Harlem Renaissance ISBN: 9781611174922 hardback; 9781611174939 e-book (University of South Carolina Press, 2015). Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Charles F. Cooney, ‘Walter White and the Harlem Renaissance’ in Cary D. Wintz ed., Analysis and Assessment 1980-1994 (New York, 1996).

Abby Arthur Johnson ‘Literary Midwife: Jessie Redmon Fauset and the Harlem Renaissance’ in Phylon 21 (June, 1978) : pp 143-153 also in Cary D. Wintz ed. Analysis and Assessment 1940-1979 (New York, 1996)

Mason Stokes, "There Is Heterosexuality: Jessie Fauset, W. E. B. Du Bois, And The Problem Of Desire." African American review. 44.1/2 (2011): 67-83

Ikonne, Chidi. “Opportunity and Black Literature, 1923-1933.” Phylon  (1960-) 40, no. 1 (1979): 86–93. https://doi.org/10.2307/274425

Charles W Scruggs, ‘Alain Locke and Walter White: Their Struggle for Control of the Harlem Renaissance’ in Black American literature forum., Vol 14 No. 3: p 91

Ralph L. Pearson, ‘Combatting Racism With Art: Charles S. Johnson and the Harlem Renaissance’ in Wintz ed., Analysis and Assessment 1940-1979 (1996)

Alessandra Lorini, ‘The Spell of Africa is Upon Me’: W.E.B Du Bois’ Notion of Art as Propaganda’ in Genevieve Fabre and Michel Feith eds., Temples for Tomorrow: Looking Back at the Harlem Renaissance (Bloomington, 2001)

Nunez, V. (2009). Remembering Pura Belpres early career at the 135th Street New York Public Library: interracial cooperation and Puerto Rican settlement during the Harlem renaissance. Centro Journal, 21(1), 52-77.

 

Daniel Hanglberger (2018) Marcus Garvey and His Relation to (Black) Socialism and Communism, American communist history ISSN: 1474-3892, 17:2, 200-219,

Ronald A. Kuykendall, “The African Blood Brotherhood, independent Marxist during the Harlem Renaissance,” Western Journal of Black Studies, 2000. Vol 26, No.1.

Ted Vincent, ‘The Crusader monthly's Black nationalist support for the Jazz Age’ in Cary D Wintz ed., Analysis and Assessment 1980-1994 (New York, 1996)

George B Hutchinson, ‘Mediating “Race” and “Nation”: The Cultural Politics of the Messenger’ in African American Review Vol 28 Issue 4: 531-548 Jamaica Journal 20 (August-Oct 1987) (Special Issue on Garveyism:) (handout)

Adam McKible, "“We Return Fighting”: Black Doughboys and the Battle of Representation." American Periodicals: A Journal of History, Criticism, and Bibliography. ISSN: 1054-7479, vol. 26, no. 2, July 2016, pp. 167-182

Robert Hill, "Racial and Radical: Cyril V. Briggs, The Crusader Magazine and the African Blood Brotherhood, 1918-1922," intro. to Volume 1: The Crusader: September 1918-August 1919, (New York, 1987), xiii.

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Seminar 6: Black Culture and the International Left

Core Primary Reading: 

The Crusader  

Langston Hughes, Autobiography: I Wonder as I Wander(University of Missouri Press) 

Langston Hughes "Moscow and Me" pp 56-64 in De Santis, Christopher C., ed, Collected Works of Langston Hughes, Vol 9: Essays on Art, Race, Politics, and World Affairs (Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2002)   

Core Secondary Reading: 

Nikhil Pal Singh, ‘Retracing the Black-Red Thread,’ American literary history. . 2003 15(4): 830-840

Kate A. Baldwin, Chapter 2: Between Harem and Harlem: Hughes and the Ways of the Veil" in Beyond the color line and the Iron Curtain : reading encounters between Black and Red, 1922-1963.

William Maxwell, "Introduction" pp 1-12 New Negro, Old Left: African-American Writing and Communism Between the Wars(Columbia University Press, 1999) OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (MAA 09/12/2020) 

Ch. 1 “Kitchen Mechanics and Parlor Nationalists: Andy Razaf Black Bolshevism, and Harlem's Renaissance,” New Negro, Old Left: African-American Writing and Communism Between the Wars, (Columbia University Press, 1999) (available in Online Course Readings Folder)   

Additional Primary Sources:

Claude McKay,Amiable with Big Teeth 

Negro Worker * For background on the Negro Worker and a full index of articles see http://www.marxists.org/history/international/comintern/negro-worker/

Philip S. Foner and James S. Allen eds., American communism and Black Americans : a documentary history, 1919-1929 (1987)

Philip S. Foner and Herbert Shapiro eds., American communism and Black Americans : a documentary history, 1930-1934 (1991)

Ch.11 ‘Communists in the 1930s’; Ch. 13 ‘Black American Looks at Communism’; Ch 15 ‘Blacks and the Trade Union Movement’ in Theodore G. Vincent ed. Voices of a black nation : political journalism in the Harlem Renaissance

Evelyn Crawford and Mary Louise Patterson eds., Letters From Langston : From the Harlem Renaissance To the Red Scare and Beyond (California University Press, 2015).

Claude McKay Amiable with big teeth : a novel of the love affair between the communists and the poor black sheep of Harlem ISBN: 9780143107316 (hardcover); 0143107313 (hardcover) edited with an introduction by Jean-Christophe Cloutier and Brent Hayes Edwards. (New York, New York : Penguin Books, 2017)

F.B.I files on radical Harlem artists "F.B Eyes" Available at http://omeka.wustl.edu/omeka/exhibits/show/fbeyes

Harry Haywood , Black Bolshevik : autobiography of an Afro-American Communist (Chicago: Liberator Press, c1978).

James Ford, Negro's Struggle Against Imperialism - http://www.unz.org/Pub/Communist-1930jan-00022

Jeffrey B. Perry, A Hubert Harrison reader ISBN: 0819564702; 0819564699 (Weslyan University Press, 2001)

Further Secondary Reading:

Cedric J. Robinson, Black Marxism: the making of the Black Radical Tradition , (Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 2000)

Minkah Makalani,  In the cause of freedom : radical Black internationalism from Harlem to London, 1917-1939 (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2011).

Harold Cruse, The crisis of the Negro intellectual, (1967; New York: New York Review Books, 2005)

Eric S. McDuffie, Sojourning for freedom : black women, American communism, and the making of black left feminism (Durham: Duke University Press, 2011)

Jeffrey B. Perry, Hubert Harrison : the voice of Harlem radicalism, 1883-1918 ISBN: 9780231139106 (cloth : alk. paper); 9780231511223 (e-book)  (New York, 2009).

Glenda Gilmore, Defying Dixie : the radical roots of civil rights, 1919-1950, (New York, W.W.Norton, 2008)

Mark I Solomon, The cry was unity : communists and African Americans, 1917-36 , (University Press of Mississippi 1998)

Mark Naison, Communists in Harlem during the depression, (1983)

Earl Ofari Hutchinson Blacks and reds : race and class in conflict, 1919-1990

Robin D.G. Kelley, Race rebels : culture, politics, and the black working class ( 1994) esp. Chs. 5 and 6.

Barbara Foley, Spectres of 1919 : class and nation in the making of the new Negro (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2003).

Anthony Dawahare, Nationalism, Marxism, and African American literature between the wars : a new Pandora's box (University of Mississippi Press, 2003).

William J. Maxwell, New Negro, old Left : African-American writing and Communism between the wars .

Bill V. Mullen, Un-American : W.E.B. Du Bois and the century of world revolution ISBN: 9781439911105 paperback; 9781439911099 hardback, (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2015).

Kate A. Baldwin, Beyond the color line and the Iron Curtain : reading encounters between Black and Red, 1922-1963.

Gary Edward Holcomb, Claude McKay, code name Sasha : queer black Marxism and the Harlem Renaissance .

James Edward Smethurst, The new red Negro : the literary left and African American poetry, 1930-1946, (New York: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).

Bill V. Mullen and James Smethurst eds., Left of the color line : race, radicalism, and twentieth-century literature of the United States (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, c2003).

Glenda Gilmore, Defying Dixie : the radical roots of civil rights, 1919-1950 (2008).

Michael Denning, The cultural front: the laboring of American culture in the Twentieth Century, (London: New York: Verso, 1998).

James A. Miller, "African American Writing of the 1930s: A Prologue" in Mullen and Linkon eds., Radical revisions : rereading 1930s culture ISBN: 0252065050 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0252022068 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Barbara Foley, "Race and Class in Radical African-American Fiction of the Dperession Years," Nature, Society and Thought 3 (1990): 305-224. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 08/08/2018) 

William J. Maxwell, "F.B. Eyes: The Bureau Reads Claude McKay," in Mullen and Smethurst eds, Left of the color line : race, radicalism, and twentieth-century literature of the United States. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

William J. Maxwell, F.B. eyes : how J. Edgar Hoover's ghostreaders framed African American literature ISBN: 9780691130200 (hbk.) : £19.95 (Princeton University Press, 2015)

Winston James, ‘Being Red and Black in Jim Crow America: On the Ideology and Travails of Afro-America’s Socialist Pioneers, 1877-1930’, in Charles Payne & Adam Green, eds., Time longer than rope : a century of African American activism, 1850-1950 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Maxim Matusevich, "Harlem Globe-Trotters: Black Sojourners in Stalin’s Soviet Union," in In Jeffrey O. G. Ogbar ed., The Harlem Renaissance revisited : politics, arts, and letters (2010).

Manning Marable, "Marxism, Memory, and the Black Radical Tradition: Introduction to Volume 13," Souls ISSN: 1099-9949 , 13:1, Jan-Mar2011, pp 1-16 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Nikhil Pal Singh, ‘Retracing the Black-Red Thread,’ American literary history. . 2003 15(4): 830-840

Eric Arnesen, "The Traditions of African-American Anti-Communism." Twentieth Century Communism, no. 6, May 2014, pp. 124-148. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (MAA 30/07/2018) 

Also see series of articles 'Up for Debate" discussing Arnesen's book in Labor: Studies in Working Class History Vol :3: 4 (Winter 2006) https://read.dukeupress.edu/labor/issue/3/4

Oliver Ayers, "Black Nationalism and Opposition to Organized Labour in 1930s New York City," European journal of American culture. ISSN: 1466-0407; 1758-9118. Mar 2015, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p5-24.

Robin D.G. Kelley, Ch. 5 Afric’s Sons With Banner Red: African American Communists and the Politics of Culture, 1919-1934 in Race rebels : culture, politics, and the black working class pp.103-121.

Lashawn Harris, "Running with the Reds: African American women and the Communist Party during the Great depression," Journal of African American History 94.1 (Winter 2009).

Angela Davis, Ch. 10 ‘Communist Women,’ in Women, race & class (1983) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

 

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Seminar 7: Black Nationalism and the Universal Negro Improvement Association

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Core Primary Sources:

Negro World Feb 1921 –Oct 1933 https://blacknewyorkers-nypl.org/negro-world/

Document Project: "How Did Rank and File Women Construct the "New Negro Woman" within the Universal Negro Improvement Association in the 1920s? " by Keisha Benjamin in Women & social movements in the United States 1600-2000 [electronic resource]. e-resource

Core Secondary Reading:

Adam Ewing : “The Challenge of Garveyism StudiesModern American History (2018), 1, 399–418 doi:10.1017/mah.2018.16

Keisha Blain “Introduction” and “Chapter 1” in Keisha Blain, Set the World on Fire Black Nationalist Women and the Global Struggle for Freedom (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2018)

Addtional Primary Sources:  

 Amy Jacques Garvey ed. The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey; Or, Africa for the Africans. 1923, 1925. Reprint, Dover, Mass: 1986 V

Amy Jacques Garvey, Garvey and Garveyism (London, MacMillan Ltd, 1963, 1970)

Robert Hill ed., The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association papers. Vol.s 1-9 (Los Angeles: 1987)

Federal surveillance of Afro-Americans, 1917-1925 [microform] : the First World War, the Red Scare, and the Garvey Movement (Frederick, Maryland: UPA, 1986)

Jeanette Irvin-Smith, Footsoldiers of the Universal Negro Improvement Association : their own words (Trenton, N.J, 1989)

Claude McKay, "Garvey as a Negro Moses," in The passion of Claude McKay : selected poetry and prose, 1912-1948, ed. Wayne F. Cooper (New York, 1973).

 Black brotherhood; Afro-Americans and Africa edited and with an introd. by Okon Edet Uya (Lexington, MA, 1971). Good collection of documents tracing African American leaders and their relationship with Africa.

 "Look for me all around you" : anglophone Caribbean immigrants in the Harlem Renaissance edited by Louis J. Parascandola

 Tony Martin ed., African fundamentalism : a literary and cultural anthology of Garvey's Harlem Renaissance pp 216-221

Further Secondary Reading:
Books

David Cronon, Black Moses: The Story of Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association (Madison, Wisconsin, 1969)

John Henrik Clarke, Marcus Garvey and the Vision of Africa (New York, 1974)

Wilson Jeremiah Moses, The golden age of black nationalism, 1820-1925. (Oxford, 1978).

Harold Cruse, The crisis of the Negro intellectual., (1967. New York Review Books edition with introduction by Stanley Crouch, 2005) espc. Part 11: ‘1920’s-1930’s-West Indian Influence,’ pp: 115-146.

K Randall Burkett, Garveyism as a Religious Movement : The Institutionalization of a Black Civil Religion (Metuchen, N.J, 1978)

Paul Gilroy, The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness (Cambridge, 1993)

Adam Ewing, The age of Garvey : how a Jamaican activist created a mass movement and changed global Black politics ISBN: 9780691157795 (hardback); 0691157790 (hardback) (Princeton, 2014).

Keisha N. Blain, Set the world on fire : black nationalist women and the global struggle for freedom (Philadelphia, 2018) 

Michele Mitchell, Righteous propagation : African Americans and the politics of racial destiny after Reconstruction (Chapel Hill, 2004) especially Ch. 8

Michelle Ann Stephens Black empire : the masculine global imaginary of Caribbean intellectuals in the United States, 1914-1962, (Durham, , 2005.)

Martin Summers, Manliness and its discontents : the Black middle class and the transformation of masculinity, 1900-1930, espc. Chapter 2.

Kate Dossett, Bridging race divides : black nationalism, feminism and integration, (Gainesville, Jan 2008). esp Ch.4.

Ula Y. Taylor, The veiled Garvey : the life & times of Amy Jacques Garvey (Chapel Hill, 2002)

Mary G. Rolinson, Grassroots Garveyism : the Universal Negro Improvement Association in the rural South, 1920-1927 (Chapel Hill, 2007).

Claudrena N. Harold, The rise and fall of the Garvey movement in the urban South, 1918-1942, (New York, 2007).

Marlon B. Ross. Manning the race : reforming black men in the Jim Crow era. (2004).

Winston James, Holding aloft the banner of Ethiopia : Caribbean radicalism in early twentieth-century America (London, 1998)

 Lois A West ed. ‘Introduction: Feminism Constructs Nationalism’ in Feminist nationalism (New York, 1997)

Paul Gilroy, The black Atlantic : modernity and double consciousness (Cambridge, 1993)

Cynthia Enloe, Bananas, beaches & bases : making feminist sense of international politics (Los Angeles, 1989)

Robert Hill & Barbara Bair, eds., Marcus Garvey: Life and Lessons: A Centennial Companion to the Marcus Garvey and UNIA Papers. (Los Angeles 1987)

Winston James, Holding Aloft the Banner of Ethiopia: Caribbean Radicalism in Early Twentieth Century America (London, 1998)

Theodore Kornweibel ed., Federal Surveillance of Afro Americans, 1917-1925: The First World War, the Red Scare, the Garvey Movement (Frederick, Maryland: UPA, 1986)

Rupert Lewis, Marcus Garvey: Anti-Colonial Champion (Trenton, N.J, 1988)

Rupert Lewis & Patrick Bryan eds., Garvey: His Work and Impact (Mona, Jamaica, 1988)

Tony Martin, Race First: The Ideological and Organizational Struggles of Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement association (Westport, Conn: 1976)

Literary Garveyism: Garvey, Black Arts and the Harlem Renaissance (Dover, Mass,)

Judith Stein, The World of Marcus Garvey: Race and Class in Modern Society (Baton Rouge, 1986)

Theodore G. Vincent, Black Power and the Garvey Movement (San Francisco, 1971)

Keep cool : the black activists who built the jazz age

Mary G. Rolinson, Grassroots Garveyism : the Universal Negro Improvement Association in the rural South, 1920-1927 (Chapel Hill, 2007).

Claudrena N. Harold, The rise and fall of the Garvey movement in the urban South, 1918-1942, (New York, 2007).

Michelle Ann Stephen, Black empire : the masculine global imaginary of Caribbean intellectuals in the United States, 1914-1962 (Duke, 2005). Especially chapters 3 and 4.

James Davis, Eric Walrond : a life in the Harlem Renaissance and the transatlantic Caribbean (Columbia University Press, 2015).

Kenneth S. Jolly, By our own strength : William Sherrill, the UNIA, and the fight for African American self-determination in Detroit (2013)

Emory J. Tolbert, The UNIA and black Los Angeles : ideology and community in the American Garvey movement, (Los Angeles, 1980).

Articles:

Barbara Bair, ‘Renegotiating Liberty: Garveyism, Women, and Grassroots Organizing in Virginia’ in Women of the American south: a multicultural reader / edited by Christie Anne Farnham. (New York, 1997).

Barbara Bair “Ethiopia Shall Stretch Forth her hands unto God”: Laura Kofey and the gendered vision of redemption in the Garvey Movement” in A mighty baptism : race, gender, and the creation of American Protestantism (1996).

Barbara Bair, ‘True Women, Real Men: Gender, Ideology and Social Roles in the Garvey Movement’ in Dorothy O Helly and Susan M Reverby eds., Gendered domains : rethinking public and private in women's history ; essays from the seventh Berkshire Conference on the History of Women (Ithaca, New York, 1992)

Hakim Adi, "Amy Ashwood Garvey and the Nigerian Progress Union, " in Gendering the African diaspora : women, culture, and historical change in the Caribbean and Nigerian hinterland , eds. Judith Byfield, LaRay Denzer, and Anthea Morrison (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2010).

Keisha N Blain, "Confraternity Among All Dark Races": Mittie Maude Lena Gordon and the Practice of Black (Inter)nationalism in Chicago, 1932-1942," Palimpsest : a journal on women, gender and the black international. (Spring 2016) Vol 5, No. 2: 151-181.

Keisha N. Blain,"We Want to Set the World on Fire,": Black Nationalist Women and Diasporic Politics in the New Negro World, 1940-1944," Journal of Social History. , Vol. 49, No. 1 (Fall 2015): 194-212.

Melissa. Castillo-Garsow, "Afro-Latin@ Nueva York: Maymie de Mena and the Unsung Afro-Latina Leadership of the UNIA, in Afro-Latin@s in movement : critical approaches to blackness and transnationalism in the Americas, eds. Petra R. Rivera-Rideau, Jennifer A. Jones, and Tianna S. Paschel (2016).

Natanya Duncan, "Our Men Hesitate Then the Women of the Race Must Come Forward: Henrietta Vinton Davis and the UNIA in New York," New York History, Vol. 94, No. 1 (Fall 2015): 558-583. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (hew 02/08/2017) 

Natanya Duncan, "Princess Laura Kofey and the Reverse Atlantic Experience," in The American south and the Atlantic world , eds. Brian Ward, Martyn Bone, and William A. Link (2013).

Reena Goldthree, "Amy Jacques Garvey, Theodore Bilbo, and the Paradoxes of Black Nationalism," in Global circuits of blackness : interrogating the African diaspora , eds. Jean Muteba Rahier, Percy C. Hintzen and Felipe Smith ( 2010).

Asia Leeds, "Toward the "Higher Type of Womanhood,": The Gendered Contours of Garveyism and the Making of Redemptive Geographies in Costa Rica, 1922 -1941," Palimpsest : a journal on women, gender and the black international. , Volume 2, No. 1 (November 2013): 1-27.

Rhoda Reddock, "The First Mrs. Garvey: Pan-Africanism and Feminism in the Early Twentieth Century British Colonial Caribbean," Feminist Africa, Issue 19 (2014): 58-77. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 08/08/2018) 

Nydia A. Swaby, "Amy Ashwood Garvey and the Political Aesthetics of Diasporic Social Spaces in London,"Symbolism: An International Annual of Critical Aesthetics, Volume 14 (2014): 59-73. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 08/08/2018) 

Minkah Makalani, "An International African Opinion: Amy Ashwood Garvey and C.L.R. James in Black Radical London, " in Escape From New York: The New Negro Renaissance Beyond Harlem, eds. Davarian L. Baldwin and Minkah Makalani (2013).

Erik S. McDuffie, "The Diasporic Journeys of Louise Little: Grassroots Garveyism, the Midwest, and Community Feminism," Special Issue: Women, Gender Politics, and Pan-Africanism (eds. Keisha N. Blain, Asia Leeds and Ula Taylor), Women, Gender and Families of Color (Fall 2016). OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 08/08/2018) 

Courtney Morris, "Becoming Creole, Becoming Black: Migration, Diasporic Self-Making, and the Many Lives of Madame Maymie Leona Turpeau de Mena,"Special Issue: Women, Gender Politics, and Pan Africanism (eds. Keisha N. Blain, Asia Leeds and Ula Taylor), Women, Gender and Families of Color (Fall 2016). Available online   

Special Issue: Women, Gender Politics, and Pan Africanism edited by Keisha N. Blain, Asia Leeds and Ula Taylor, in Women, Gender and Families of Color Vol 4, Issue 2, October 2016. Available online 

Tamba E. M'Bayo, “W.E.B. Du Bois, Marcus Garvey and Pan-Africanism in Liberia, 1919-1924,” The historian.Volume 66, Issue 1, pp 19-44

Beryl Satter, “Marcus Garvey, Father Divine and the Gender Politics of Race Difference and Race Neutrality,” American Quarterly., 1996, 48(1): 43-76.

Anne S. Macpherson, “Colonial Matriarchs, Garveyism, Maternalism, and Belize’s Black Cross Nurses, 1920-1952,” Gender & history., 2003 (15) : 507-527.

Anne S. Macpherson, ‘A fragile peace: colonial reform, Garveyism, and the Black Cross nurses, 1920-1930’ in From colony to nation : women activists and the gendering of politics in Belize, 1912-1982. (Lincoln, Nebraska, 2007).

Karen Adler, ‘Always Leading Our Men in Service and Sacrifice’: Amy Jacques Garvey, Feminist Black Nationalist’ , Gender & society., Vol. 6, No. 3, (Sept, 1992)

Mark D. Matthews, “Our Women and What They Think”: Amy Jacques Garvey and the Negro World in Black Women in United States History ~Vol 3 no 48 1979 pp 866-878

William Seraille, "Our Women and What They Think”: Amy Jacques Garvey and the Negro World in Black Women. Afro-Americans in New York Life and History 7 (July 1983): 7-24

Tony Martin, ‘Women in the Garvey Movement ‘ in Rupert Lewis & Patrick Bryan eds., Garvey : his work and impact pp 67-72

Honor Ford Smith, ‘Women in the Garvey Movement in Jamaica’ in Garvey : his work and impact pp 73-86

Ula Y. Taylor, ‘Negro Women Are Great Thinkers as well as doers’: Amy Jacques Garvey and Community Feminism in the United States, 1924-1927’ in Journal of women's history. Vol 12. No. 2 (Summer)

Teresa Zackodnik "Recirculation and Feminist Black Internationalism in Jessie Fauset's "The Looking Glass" and Amy Jacques Garvey's "Our Women and What They Think.". Modernism/modernity. September 2012;19(3):437-459.

 Claudrena Harold, "Reconfiguring the Roots and Routes of New Negro Activism: The Garvey Movement in New Orleans," in Baldwin and Makalani eds., Escape from New York : the New Negro Renaissance beyond Harlem.

Jonathan P. Eburne, . "Garveyism And Its Involutions." African American review. 47.1 (2014): 1-19.

Ronald J. Stephens, “Garveyism in Idlewild, 1927 to 1936,” Journal of black studies., Vol. 34, No. 4, 462-488 (2004)

Eric S. McDuffie, "Garveyism in Cleveland, Ohio and the History of the Diasporic Mid-West," African identities, 9:2: 163-182.

Emory Tolbert, “Outpost Garveyism and the UNIA Rank and File,” Journal of black studies., Vol. 5, No. 3, Working Papers in the Study of Race Consciousness, Part 1 (Mar., 1975), pp. 233-253

Michelle Stephens, “Re-imagining the Shape and Borders of Black Political Space,” Radical History Review, 2003 (87): 169-182.

Paul Carter Harrison, “The Black Star Line: The De-Mystification of Marcus Garvey,” African American review., Vol. 31, No. 4, Contemporary Theatre Issue (Winter, 1997), pp. 713-716.

Carla Marano, "‘Rising Strongly and Rapidly’: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in Canada, 1919–1940." The Canadian historical review. 91, no. 2: (2010), 233-259.

Ramla Bandele, "Understanding African Diaspora Political Activism: The Rise and Fall of the Black Star Line." Journal of black studies. 40, no. 4 (March 2010): 745-761.

Daniel A. Dalrymple, ""Reclaiming the Fallen": The Universal Negro Improvement Association Central Division, New York 1935-1942." Journal of black studies. 45, no. 1 (2014), 19-36

Tamba E. M'Bayo, "W.E.B. Du Bois, Marcus Garvey and Pan-Africanism in Liberia, 1919-1924," The historian. , Volume 66, Issue 1, pp 19-44 - Available online: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.0018-2370.2004.00062.x/abstract

Robin Dearmon Jenkins, "Linking Up the Golden Gate: Garveyism in the San Francisco Bay Area, 1919-1925." Journal Of Black Studies 39, no. 2 (November 2008): 266-280.

Ronald J. Stephens, "Methodological Considerations For Micro Studies Of UNIA Divisions: Some Notes Calling On An Ethno-Historical Analysis." Journal Of Black Studies 39.2 (2008): 281-315

Mark Christian, "Marcus Garvey And The Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA): With Special Reference To The "Lost" Parade In Columbus, Ohio, September 25,1923." Western journal of black studies. 28.3 (2004): 424-434

Philip McCormick, "Healing Colonial Trauma: Marcus Garvey, Cargo Movements, And Symbolic Empowerment." Journal Of Black Studies 39.2 (2008): 252-280.

John Runcie, "Black Music And The Garvey Movement." Afro-Americans In New York Life & History 11.2 (1987): 7-23 .

Emory J.Tolbert, "Federal Surveillance Of Marcus Garvey And The U.N.I.A."Journal Of Ethnic Studies (00913219) 14.4 (1987): 25-46

Clare Corbould, “Streets, Sounds and Identity in Interwar Harlem,” Journal of Social History , Volume 40, Number 4, Summer 2007

R.A. Bone, & L.J. Parascandola, L. J. "An Ellis Island of the Soul: Eric Walrond and the Turbulent Passage from Garveyite to New Negro," Afro-Americans in New York Life & History, (2010). 34(2), 34-53

J. Roll. Garveyism and the Eschatology of African Redemption in the Rural South, 1920-1936. Religion and American Culture, (2010): 20(1), 27-56

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Seminar 8: Caribbean Influences

Core Reading:

Choose either: 

 Claude McKay, Home to Harlem (Boston, 1987) or Banjo (New York, 1929)  

AND read:

J A Rogers, ‘The West Indies: Their Political, Social, and Economic Condition’ in Sondra Wilson ed. The Messenger reader : stories, poetry, and essays from The Messenger magazine *

‘How to Unite the West Indian and American Negroes’ in Tony Martin ed., African fundamentalism : a literary and cultural anthology of Garvey's Harlem Renaissance: 334-341

Core Secondary Reading: 

Louis J. Parascandola, "Introduction" in "Look for me all around you" : anglophone Caribbean immigrants in the Harlem Renaissance.  

Michelle A. Stephens, “Black Transnationalism and the Politics of National Identity: West Indian Intellectuals in Harlem in the Age of War and Revolution,” In American Quarterly 1998 50(3): 592-608.

 Additional primary sources:

Louis J. Parascandola, eds. "Look for me all around you" : anglophone Caribbean immigrants in the Harlem Renaissance.

Theodore Vincent, Voices of a black nation : political journalism in the Harlem Renaissance: (San Francisco, 1973) *

Richard B. Moore, Caribbean militant in Harlem : collected writings 1920-1972 / edited by W. Burghardt Turner and Joyce Moore Turner

Further Secondary Reading:

Michelle Ann Stephen, Black empire : the masculine global imaginary of Caribbean intellectuals in the United States, 1914-1962. (Duke, 2005).

Michelle Stephens, “Re-imagining the Shape and Borders of Black Political Space,” Radical History Review, 2003 (87): 169-182.

Brent Hayes Edwards, The practice of diaspora : literature, translation, and the rise of Black internationalism, (Harvard University Press, 2003).

Also see the following useful articles: published under “Book Discussion: Brent Hayes Edwards's The Practice of Diaspora: Literature, Translation, and the Rise of Black Internationalism,” in Small axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism, No. 17, March 2005.

Michelle Stephens, “Disarticulating Black Internationalisms: West Indian Radicals and The Practice of Diaspora,”

Michael Hanchard, “Translation, Political Community, and Black Internationalism: Some Comments on Brent Hayes Edwards's The Practice of Diaspora.”

Nadi Edwards, “Diaspora, Difference, and Black Internationalisms,”

T. Denean Sharpley-Whiting, “Erasures and the Practice of Diaspora Feminism,”

Brent Hayes Edwards, “Pebbles of Consonance: A Reply to Critics,”

Bone, R. A., & Parascandola, L. J. (2010). An Ellis Island of the Soul: Eric Walrond and the Turbulent Passage from Garveyite to New Negro. Afro-Americans in New York Life & History, 34(2), 34-53

Tiffany Ruby Patterson; Robin D. G. Kelley, “Unfinished Migrations: Reflections on the African Diaspora and the Making of the Modern World,” African Studies Review, Vol. 43, No. 1, Special Issue on the Diaspora. (Apr., 2000), pp. 11-45. Also see other articles in this special Diaspora issue of African Studies Review.

Minkah Makalani, In the cause of freedom : radical Black internationalism from Harlem to London, 1917-1939 (Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, 2011)

Paul Gilroy, The Black Atlantic.

Martin Summers, Chapter 2: ‘A Spirit of Manliness’ in Manliness and its discontents : the Black middle class and the transformation of masculinity, 1900-1930. (Chapel Hill, 2004): 66-110. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Kotti Sree Ramesh and Kandula Nirupa Rani, Claude McKay : the literary identity from Jamaica to Harlem and beyond, (Jefferson, NC, 2006)

Philip Kasinitz, Caribbean New York : Black immigrants and the politics of race (Ithaca, N.Y., 1992).

Tyrone Tillery, Claude McKay: a black poet's struggle for identity (Amherst, MA, 1994)

Robert Hill, “Racial and Radical: Cyril V. Briggs, THE CRUSADER Magazine, and the African Blood Brotherhood, 1918-1922," intro. to Volume 1: The Crusader: September 1918-August 1919, (New York, 1987), xiii.

Winston James, Holding aloft the banner of Ethiopia : Caribbean radicalism in early twentieth-century America (London, 1998)

Joyce Moore Turner (with the assistance of W. Burghardt Turner), Caribbean crusaders and the Harlem Renaissance, (Urbana, Illinois, 2005).

John C. Walter and Jill Louise Ansheles, ‘The role of the Caribbean immigrant in the Harlem Renaissance in Cary D Wintz ed., Analysis and assessment, 1940-1979 (New York, 1996)

Iram Owens-Watkins, "Early Twentieth-Century Caribbean Women: Migration and Social Networks in New York City," Islands in the city : West Indian migration to New York edited by Nancy Foner (Berkeley, 2001), pp 25-51 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva .

Elsa M. Chaney, "The Context of Caribbean Migration." in Caribbean life in New York City : sociocultural dimensions, edited by Constance R. Sutton and Elsa M. Chaney, (New YOrk: Center for Migratino Studies of New York, 1994), pp 3-14.  

R. A. Bone & L.J. Parascandola, L. J. An Ellis Island of the Soul: Eric Walrond and the Turbulent Passage from Garveyite to New Negro. Afro-Americans in New York Life & History, 34(2), (2010): 34-53 .

Frances Charras, ‘The West-Indian Presence in Alain Locke’s The New Negro(1925)’ in Genevieve Fabre and Michael Feith eds., Temples for tomorrow : looking back at the Harlem Renaissance (Bloomington, 2001)

Carl Pedersen, ‘The Tropics in New York’ : Claude McKay and the new Negro Movement’ in Temples for tomorrow : looking back at the Harlem Renaissance

David Hellwig, Black meets black : Afro-American reactions to West Indian immigrants in the 1920's in The South Atlantic Quarterly, 77 (1978): 206-224 

 

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Seminar 9: Constructing ‘Authentic’ Black Art I: Folk vs. Urban

 Core Reading:

Please read at least ONE novel by Fauset OR Larsen AND one novel by Hurston OR McKay. .

Jessie Fauset, There is Confusion

Nella Larsen, Passing

Nella Larsen, Quicksand

Zora Neale Hurston, Their eyes were watching God : a novel.

Zora Neale Hurston, Dust tracks on a road  


Claude McKay Home to Harlem

Wallace Thurman, Infants of the spring (London, 1998)

Essays

Zora NealeHurston, 'How it Feels to be Colored Me' 

George Schyuler, ‘The Negro Art Hokum’ in Within the Circle: An Anthology of African American Literary Criticism from the Harlem Renaissance to the present ed by Angelyn Mitchell

Langston Hughes, ‘The Racial Mountain’ in Within the Circle: An Anthology of African American Literary Criticism from the Harlem Renaissance to the present ed by Angelyn Mitchell

Arthur Huff Fauset, ‘American Negro Folk Literature’; Alain Locke ‘The Legacy of the Ancestral Arts’, Arthur Schomburg ‘The Negro Digs Up his Past’ in Alain Locke Harlem : Mecca of the new Negro. (Survey Graphic): http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/harlem/contents.html

Journals

FIRE! (see VLE Seminar Room)

  • Wallace Thurman, ‘Cordelia the Crude’
  • Zora Neale Hurston, ‘Sweat’
  • Langston Hughes poems

Listen to Afua Hirsh on Fire here https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m00019f4 

Poetry

Countee Cullen: "Heritage" 

Core Secondary Reading:

See Matthew Claire’s recent Guardian article ‘Black Intellectuals, White Audiences: Searching for Tales of Authentic Blackness’, The Guardian, 20 July 2016 https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/jul/20/black-intellectuals-white-audiences-searching-for-tales-of-authentic-blackness See a longer version of this piece here: http://www.publicbooks.org/nonfiction/black-intellectuals-and-white-audiences

Martha Nadell, "‘Devoted to Younger Negro Artists" Chapter 35 in The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines: Volume II: North America 1894-1960 edited by Peter Brooker and Andrew Thacker. 

J Martin Favor, Chapter 1 in Authentic Blackness: The Folk in the New Negro Renaissance (Duke, N.C, 1999)

Ann Du Cille, 'Blues Notes on Black Sexuality: Sex and the Texts of Jessie Fauset and Nella Larsen.' in the Journal of the history of sexuality. 1993 Vol 3 no.3.

Additionally Secondary Reading:

Ann Du Cille, espc. Ch 5: ‘The Bourgeois, Wedding Bell Blues of Jessie Fauset and Nella Larsen’ in The coupling convention : sex, text, and tradition in black women's fiction (Yale, 1995): 86-109

Staple, J. (2006). Zora Neale Hurston's Construction of Authenticity Through Ethnographic Innovation. Western journal of black studies., 30(1), 62-68.

Rena Fraden, ‘Introduction’ in Blueprints for a Black Federal Theatre, 1935-1939 (Cambridge, 1994): 1-20. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Sonnet Retman, Ch. 1 "A Combination Madhouse, Burlesque Show and Coney Island@: THe Color Question in George Schuyler's Black No More," in Real folks : race and genre in the Great Depression ISBN: 9780822349440 (pbk.) : £16.99; 9780822349259 (hbk.) : £67.00; 0822349256 (hbk.) : £67.00; 0822349442 (pbk.) : £16.99 (Duke University Press, 2011). Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Lena Ahlin, The "new negro" in the Old World : culture and performance in James Weldon Johnson, Jessie Fauset, and Nella Larsen (Lund, 2006).

Daphne Lamothe, Inventing the new Negro : narrative, culture, and ethnography , (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008)

Claudrena N. Harold, New Negro politics in the Jim Crow South ISBN: 9780820335124 (hardcover ; alk. paper); 0820335126 (hardcover ; alk. paper) (University of Georgia Press, 2016)

Michael Soto, Measuring the Harlem Renaissance : the U.S. Census, African American identity, and literary form ISBN: 9781625342508 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9781625342492 (hardcover : alk. paper), (University of Massachusetts Press, 2016)

Darryl Dickson-Carr, "Wallace Thurman, Richard Bruce Nugent, and the Reification of "Race", Aesthetics and Sexuality," Ch 3 in Spoofing the modern : satire in the Harlem Renaissance ISBN: 9781611174922 hardback; 9781611174939 e-book (University of South Carolina Press, 2015).

Lawrence W. Levine, “The Folklore of Industrial Society: Popular Culture and its Audiences,” The American historical review., 97 (Dec, 1991): 1369-99.

Robin D.G. Kelley, “Notes on Deconstructing the Folk,” The American historical review. 97 (Dec, 1991): 1400-08.

Carol Batker “Love Me Like I Like to Be”: The Sexual Politics of Hurston’s Their Eyes Were Watching God, the Classic Blues, and the Black Women’s Club Movement’ African American review. Vol 32, Issue 2 (Summer, 1998): 199-213

Dwight A. McBride, Toward the New Black Studies." Journal of black studies. ISSN: 0021-9347, vol. 37, no. 3, Jan. 2007, pp. 428-444.

Candice M Jenkins, “Decoding essentialism: cultural authenticity and the Black bourgeoisie in Nella Larsen's Passing,” MELUS., (Fall, 2005): p 129-154.

Pamela LCaughie, "The Best People": The Making of the Black Bourgeoisie in Writings of the Negro Renaissance." Modernism/modernity. ISSN: 1071-6068, vol. 20, no. 3, Sept. 2013,

Jeremy Braddock "The Scandal of a Black Ulysses: Wallace Thurman, Richard Bruce Nugent, and the Harlem Reception of Joyce." ELH. ISSN: 0013-8304, vol. 84, no. 3, Fall2017, pp. 741-763

Hazel Carby, “The Politics of Fiction, Anthropology, and the Folk: Zora Neale Hurston.” New essays on Their eyes were watching God, edited by Michael Awkward, (New York, 1990), 71-93.

Hazel Carby, “Ideologies of Black Folk: The Historical Novel of Slavery.” In Slavery and the literary imagination, ed Deborah E. McDowell and Arnold Rampersad. (Baltimore, 1989): 125-43. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

William J. Maxwell, “Is it true What They Say About Dixie? : Richard Wright, Zora Neal Hurston, and Rural/Urban Exchange in Modern African-American Literature,” in Barbara Ching and Gerald W. Creed eds., Knowing your place : rural identity and cultural hierarchy (New York, 1996): 71-104.

Aija Poikane Daumke, "The meaning and significance of Southern tradition in Rudolph Fisher's short story The South lingers on," in Jeffrey Ogbar ed., The Harlem Renaissance revisited : politics, arts, and letters,

Russell White, "James Vanderzee's New Negro Vision." European journal of American culture. ISSN: 1466-0407; 1758-9118, vol. 36, no. 2, June 2017, pp. 121-135

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Seminar 10: Constructing Authentic Black Art II: Africa, Primitivism and White Patronage

Core Primary Readings:

Countee Cullen, ‘Heritage’ (for a recording of Cullen reading Heritage see seminar room 10).

Langston Hughes, ‘The Negro Speaks of Rivers’ in Hughes, L., Rampersad, A., & Roessel, D. (1994). The collected poems of Langston Hughes. Knopf. (for a recording of Hughes reading his poem see seminar room 10 ).

Claude McKay, ‘Outcast’; ‘Flame-Heart’; “In Bondage”; “Enslaved” “Adolescences” in Harlem Shadows: the poems of Claude McKay: with an introduction by Max Eastman. (1922). Harcourt, Brace and Company. Also available at https://archive.org/stream/harlemshadowspoe00mckauoft/harlemshadowspoe00mckauoft_djvu.txt

Alain Locke, ‘The Legacy of the Ancestral Arts’ in Alain Locke ed. The New Negro (1925) also available in Survey Graphic at http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/harlem/contents.html

Walter Thurman,Chapter 21: “Harlem Salon” in Infants of the Spring (also see extract in Lewis The Portable Harlem Renaissance Reader )

Core Secondary Reading

Michael Feith, ‘The Syncopated African: Constructions of Origins in the Harlem Renaissance (Literature, Music, Visual Arts), in Fabre and Feith eds., Temples for tomorrow : looking back at the Harlem Renaissance

Amy H. Kirschke, “Oh Africa! The Influence of African Art During the Harlem Renaissance, in Fabre and Feith eds., Temples for tomorrow : looking back at the Harlem Renaissance

Phillips, Caryl. "What Is Africa to Me Now?" Research in African Literatures, vol. 46 no. 4, 2015, p. 10-14. 

Additional Primary Sources: 

 Romare Bearden, ‘The Negro Artist and Modern Art’ in Lewis The portable Harlem Renaissance reader: 128-141 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  *

Aaron Douglas, ‘Aaron Douglas Chats About the Harlem Renaissance’ in Lewis ed., The portable Harlem Renaissance reader: 118-127 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  *

Albert C Barnes, ‘Negro Art and America’ in Alain Locke ed. Harlem: Mecca of the New Negro (Survey Graphic):Available online at http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/harlem/BarNegrF.html

Claude McKay, Home to Harlem 

Claude McKay, Banjo

Claude McKay, A Long Way From Home (‘The Harlem Intelligentsia’ also in David Levering Lewis The Portable Harlem Renaissance Reader p 156-172 )

Emily Bernard ed., Remember me to Harlem : the letters of Langston Hughes and Carl Van Vechten ( New York : Alfred A. Knopf : Distributed by Random House, 2001).

Bruce Kellner ed., Letters of Carl Van Vechten (Yale, 1987

‘The Politics of Publishing’ Letters between Alfred A. Knopf, Langston Hughes, Carl Van Vechten & Blanche Knopf in Cary D. Wintz ed The Politics and Aesthetics of New Negro Literature (1996): pp 335-348 *

Claude McKay letters to Nancy Cunard in The Politics and Aesthetics of New Negro Literature pp 317-320 *

James Weldon Johnson ‘Negro Authors and White Publishers’ in The Politics and Aesthetics of New Negro Literature. p 297 *

Theodore G Vincent Voices of a Black Nation Ch:8 Opinions on White Helpers (New Jersey, 1973)

 Gwendolyn Bennett, ‘Heritage’ poem in Norton Anthology of African American Literature

Alain Locke, ‘ A note on African art ’ Opportunity 2 (1924): p 138

Additional Secondary Reading:

Joseph E. Holloway ed., Africanisms in American culture, (Bloomington,1999 and 2005).

George Hutchinson, The Harlem Renaissance in Black and White

Tracy McCabe, Resisting primitivism: race, gender, and power in modernism and the Harlem Renaissance (1994)

Valerie Boyd, Wrapped in rainbows : the life of Zora Neale Hurston

Tyrone Tillery, Claude McKay: a black poet's struggle for identity (Amherst, Ma., 1992)

Carla Kaplan, Miss Anne in Harlem : the white women of the black renaissance (Harper Collins, 2013).

 Caroline Goeser, Picturing the new negro : Harlem Renaissance print culture and modern black identity, (Kansas University Press, 2006).

Cherene Sherrard-Johnson, Portraits of the new Negro woman : visual and literary culture in the Harlem Renaissance. (New Brunswick, N.J, 2007).

Anne Elizabeth Carroll, Word, image, and the New Negro : representation and identity in the Harlem Renaissance.

Jeffrey C Stewart, To color America, portraits by Winold Reiss, (Washington D.C, 1989)

Gary A. Reynolds & Beryl Wrights eds., Against the odds : African-American artists and the Harmon Foundation (Newark, New Jersey, 1989)

Free within ourselves : African-American artists in the collection of the National Museum of American Art (San Francisco, 1992)

David Driskell, Hidden heritage : Afro-American art, 1800-1950 (Bellevue Art Museum Press, Washington 1985)

Elsa Honig Fine, The Afro-American artist : a search for identity (New York, 1973)

Ann Douglas, Terrible Honesty (1995)

Mary Campbell, Harlem Renaissance: Art of Black America (New York, 1994)

Nathan Huggins, Harlem Renaissance (New York, 1971)

Houston A. Baker, Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance (Chicago, London, 1987) ALSO see shorter article

Articles

Houston A. Baker, Jr. ‘Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance ‘ in Cary D Wintz (ed.) Analysis and Assessment 1980-1994 (New York, 1996) or in American Quarterly, Vol. 39, No. 1, Special Issue: Modernist Culture in America. (Spring, 1987), pp. 84-97.

Michael Feith, ‘The Syncopated African: Constructions of Origins in the Harlem Renaissance (Literature, Music, Visual Arts), in Fabre and FEith eds., Temples for tomorrow : looking back at the Harlem Renaissance OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LW 26/11/2021) 

Amy H. Kirschke, “Oh Africa! The Influence of African Art During the Harlem Renaissance, in Fabre and Feith eds., Temples for tomorrow : looking back at the Harlem Renaissance OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LW 26/11/2021) 

Faith Berry, ‘Black poets, white patrons: the Harlem Renaissance years of Langston Hughes’ in Cary D. Wintz ed., Analysis and assessment 1980-1994 (New York, 1996)

Peter Flora, ‘Carl Van Vechten, Blanche Knopf, and the Harlem Renaissance’ in Cary D Wintz ed., Analysis and assessment 1980-1994 (New York, 1996)

Jutta Lorensen, “Between Image and Word, Color and Time: Jacob Lawrence's The Migration Series,” African American review., Volume 40, Number 3 (Fall 2006)

C. Goeser, "The case of ebony and topaz: racial and sexual hybridity in Harlem renaissance illustrations. American Periodicals: A Journal of History, Criticism, and Bibliography., (2005) 15(1), 86-111.

Ralph D. Story, ‘Patronage and the Harlem Renaissance’ in Cary D. Wintz ed. Analysis and assessment 1980-1994 (New York, 1996)

Edward Margolies, ‘The image of the primitive in Black letters’ in Cary D. Wintz ed., Analysis and assessment, 1940-1979 (New York, 1996)

Robert C. Hart, ‘Black-white literary relations in the Harlem Renaissance’ in Cary D. Wintz ed., Analysis and assessment, 1940-1979 (New York, 1996)

Hugh M. Gloster, ‘The Van Vechten Vogue’ in Cary D. Wintz ed., Analysis and assessment, 1940-1979 (New York, 1996)

Mark Helbling, ‘Carl Van Vechten and the Harlem Renaissance’ in Cary D. Wintz ed., Analysis and assessment, 1940-1979 (New York, 1996)

Lloyd W. Brown, ‘The African heritage and the Harlem Renaissance’ in Cary D. Wintz ed., Analysis and assessment, 1940-1979 (New York, 1996)

 Calo, M. (2002). "Seeing" the Harlem Renaissance: Observations on the Position of Visual Art in Harlem Renaissance Studies. Prospects., 27427-445

Documentary:

Against the odds [videorecording] : the artists of the Harlem renaissance. (Arlington, Va.,: PBS, 2006)

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Seminar 11: White Patronage and Interracial Relations

 Core Primary Sources

Choose one patron-artist relationship and come to class prepared to discuss what their correspondence can tell us about black artist-white patron relationships.

Carla Kaplan, Zora Neale Hurston: A Life in Letters

Emily Bernard ed., Remember me to Harlem : the letters of Langston Hughes and Carl Van Vechten   

Evelyn Louise Crawford and MaryLouise Patterson ed.s, Letters from Langston : from the Harlem Renaissance to the Red Scare and beyond

Bruce Kellner ed., Letters of Carl Van Vechten   

‘The Politics of Publishing’ Letters between Alfred A. Knopf, Langston Hughes, Carl Van Vechten & Blanche Knopf in Cary D. Wintz ed The Politics and Aesthetics of New Negro Literature (1996): pp 335-348 * OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 05/10/2021) 

Claude McKay letters to Nancy Cunard in The Politics and Aesthetics of New Negro Literature pp 317-320 * Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

James Weldon Johnson ‘Negro Authors and White Publishers’ in The Politics and Aesthetics of New Negro Literature. p 297 * Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Core Secondary Reading:

Carla Kaplan, “Introduction” and “Chapter 1: Black and White Identity Politics,” in Miss Anne in Harlem: The White Women of the Black Renaissance  (Harper Collins, 2013) Please digitise Part 1: pp1-56, Part 4: Chapters 7 and 8 pp 255-338 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Kaplan, Carla, (2013) Chapter 5. Black Souls: Annie Nathan Meyer Writes Black. FROM: Kaplan, Carla, Miss Anne in Harlem : the white women of the black renaissance. pp.169- 192. New York: Harper. [24] | 9780060882389 |  

Kaplan, Carla, (2013) Chapter 7. Imitation of Life: Fannie Hurst's "Sensation in Harlem". FROM: Kaplan, Carla, Miss Anne in Harlem : the white women of the black renaissance. pp.257-277. New York: Harper. [21] | 9780060882389 |  

Kaplan, Carla, (2013) Chapter 2. An Erotics of Race. FROM: Kaplan, Carla, Miss Anne in Harlem : the white women of the black renaissance. pp.29-56. New York: Harper. [28] | 9780060882389 | https://minerva.leeds.ac.uk/bbcswebdav/xid-18195359_4

George Hutchinson “Introduction” in The Harlem Renaissance in Black and White Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Emily Barnard, Carl Van Vechten and the Harlem Renaissance: A Portrait in Black and White

Additional Reading: 

Leon Coleman, Carl Van Vechten and the Harlem Renaissance: A Critical Assessment (New York, London, 1998)

Ann Douglas Terrible Honesty (New York, 1995)

Michael North, The dialect of modernism : race, language, and twentieth-century literature (New York, 1994)

Priscilla Wald, Constituting Americans: Cultural Anxiety and Narrative Form (Duke, N.C, 1995)

Articles

Faith Berry, ‘Black poets, white patrons: the Harlem Renaissance years of Langston Hughes’ in Cary D. Wintz ed., Analysis and assessment 1980-1994 (New York, 1996)

Peter Flora, ‘Carl Van Vechten, Blanche Knopf, and the Harlem Renaissance’ in Cary D Wintz ed., Analysis and assessment 1980-1994 (New York, 1996)

Ralph D. Story, ‘Patronage and the Harlem Renaissance’ in Cary D. Wintz ed. Analysis and assessment 1980-1994 (New York, 1996)

Edward Margolies, ‘The image of the primitive in Black letters’ in Cary D. Wintz ed., Analysis and assessment, 1940-1979 (New York, 1996)

Robert C. Hart, ‘Black-white literary relations in the Harlem Renaissance’ in Cary D. Wintz ed., Analysis and assessment, 1940-1979 (New York, 1996)

Emily Bernard, “Unlike Many Others: Exceptional White Characters in Harlem Renaissance Fiction,” Modernism/modernity.. 2005 12 (3): 407-423.

Robert C. Hart, ‘Black-White Relations in the Harlem Renaissance’ American Literature. Vol 44 No 4 (Jan, 1973, pp 612-628)

Hugh M. Gloster, ‘The Van Vechten Vogue’ in Cary D Wintz (ed.) Analysis and assessment, 1940-1979 (New York, 1996)

Mark Helbling, ‘Carl Van Vechten and the Harlem Renaissance’ in Cary D. Wintz ed., Analysis and assessment, 1940-1979 (New York, 1996)

Robert F. Worth, 'Nigger Heaven and the Harlem Renaissance' in African American Review, Vol 29, No 3, (1995)

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Semester 2

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Seminar 12: Women’s Poetry and Fiction in the Harlem Renaissance

Core Reading

Primary: Zora Neale Hurston, Their Eyes were Watching God (1st published in Philadelphia, 1937. This edition 1994)

Choose a short story or poem from one of the following:

Maureen Honey ed., Shadowed Dreams: women's poetry of the Harlem Renaissance (New Brunswick, 1989) a small selection of poems  

Mary Knopf ed., The Sleeper Wakes: Harlem Renaissance Stories by Women (New Brunswick, New Jersey, 1993) choose two short stories particularly  

Lorraine Elena Roses & Ruth Elizabeth Randolph eds., Harlem's Glory: Black women writing 1900-1950 (Cambridge, Mass. & London 1996)  

Venetria K. Patton and Maureen Honey, Double-take : a revisionist Harlem Renaissance anthology, (New Brunswick, N.J, 2001).  

Alice Walker ed, I Love Myself When I am Laughing and then again when I am Looking Mean (New York, 1979)  

Core Secondary Reading: 

Addtionally Primary:

Jessie Fauset, Plum Bun: A Novel without a moral (New York, 1929)

You may also be interested in Zora Neale Hurston's posthumously published book, Barracoon : the story of the last slave ISBN: 9780008297664 (pbk.) which was published in May 2018 with a foreword by Alice Walker (Harper Collins, 2018)

Additional Secondary Reading:
Books

Maureen Honey, Aphrodite's daughters : three modernist poets of the Harlem Renaissance ISBN: 9780813570785 (pbk.); 9780813570792 (hardback); 9780813570808 (e-book (web pdf)) (Rutgers University Press, 2016)

 Layli Phillips ed., The Womanist reader, (Routledge, 2006) especially articles by Alice Walker, Shirley Anne Williams, Patricia Hill Collins,

Lorraine Elena Roses & Ruth Elizabeth Randolph eds., Harlem Renaissance and Beyond: Literary Biographies of 100 Black Women Writers 1900-1945 (Cambridge, Mass & London, 1990)

Ethelene Whitmire, Regina Anderson Andrews : Harlem Renaissance Librarian (University of Illinois Press).

Licia Morrow Calloway, Black family (dys)function in novels by Jessie Fauset, Nella Larsen, & Fannie Hurst ISBN: 0820451592 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9780820451596 (pbk. : alk. paper) (New York, 2003).

Cherene Sherrard-Johnson, Portraits of the new Negro woman : visual and literary culture in the Harlem Renaissance, (New Brunswick, N.J, 2007).

Portia Boulware Ransom, Black love and the Harlem Renaissance : (the novels of Nella Larsen, Jessie Redmon Fauset, and Zora Neale Hurston) : an essay in African American literary criticism ISBN: 0773459561 (Lewiston, N.Y., 2005).

Lena Ahlin, The "new negro" in the Old World : culture and performance in James Weldon Johnson, Jessie Fauset, and Nella Larsen (Lund : Lund University, 2006).

Emmanuel E. Egar, Black women poets of Harlem Renaissance (Lanham, Maryland, 2003).

Gloria L. Cronin ed., Critical essays on Zora Neale Hurston (New York, 1998).

Hazel V. Carby, Reconstructing Womanhood: The Emergence of the Afro-American Woman novelist (Oxford, New York, 1987)

'Introduction: Regulating Midwives' in Jessie Fauset Plum Bun, A Novel Without A Moral (Boston, 1990)

Barbara Christian, Black women novelists : the development of a tradition, 1892-1976 (Connecticut, Greenwood, 1980)

Patricia Hill Collins, Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness and the Politics of Empowerment (Boston, 1990)

Angela Y Davis, Women, Race and Class, (New York, 1983)

Nancy Schrom Dye and Novalee Frankel eds., Gender, Class, Race and Reform in the Progressive Era - Conference on Women (Lexington, Kentucky, 1991) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Paula Giddings, When and Where I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on race and sex in America (New York, 1984)

Robert Hemenway, Zora Neale Hurston : a literary biography (Urbana, London, 1977).

Gloria T Hull, Color, Sex and Poetry (Bloomington and Indianapolis, 1987).

Jacquelyn Y McLendon, The Politics of Color in the Fiction of Jessie Fauset and Nella Larsen (Charlottesville and London, 1995)

Barbara Smith, ‘Towards A Black Feminist Criticism’ in Elaine Showalter ed., The New Feminist Criticism (1986) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Carolyn Sylvander, Jessie Redmon Fauset: Black American Writers (Troy, New York, 1981)

Claudia Tate, Domestic allegories of political desire : the black heroine's text at the turn of the century (New York, 1992)

Cheryl A Wall, Women of the Harlem Renaissance (Bloomington and Indianapolis, 1995)

Ann Du Cille, 'Blues Notes on Black Sexuality: Sex and the Texts of Jessie Fauset and Nella Larsen.' in J.C. Faut and Maura Shaw Tantillo eds., American Sexual Politics: Sex, Gender and Race since the Civil War (Chicago, 1993).

Alice Walker, In search of our mothers' gardens : womanist prose (New York, 1983)

Beverly Guy Sheftall & Johnetta Cole, Gender talk : the struggle for women's equality in African American communities, (Ballantine, 2003)

Articles:

KaaVonia Hinton, '"Sturdy Black Bridges": Discussing Race, Class and Gender,' English journal., Vol 94, No.2 Subversive English (Nov 2004), pp60-64.(good intro to black feminist theory)

Farah Jasmine Griffin,. “That the Mothers May Soar and the Daughters May Know Their Names: A Retrospective of Black Feminist Literary Criticism,” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 2007 32(2): 483-507

Sharon P. Holland, ‘The Revolution, “In Theory,”’ American literary history. 2000 12(1-2): 327-336.

Anne Stavney, ‘Mothers of Tomorrow’: the New Negro Renaissance and the Politics of Maternal Representation African American review. Vol 32 Issue 4: (Winter, 1998) : 533-561.

Australia Tarver, "My house and a glimpse of my life therein" : migrating lives in the short fiction of Jessie Fauset,” in New voices on the Harlem Renaissance : essays on race, gender, and literary discourse edited by Australia Tarver and Paula C. Barnes (Madison, N.J, 2006).    

Imani B Fryar, ‘Literary Aesthetics and the Black Woman Writer’ Vol 20, Issue 4, The African Literary Imagination (Jun, 1990) : 443-466 Journal of black studies.

Louise L. Stevenson, "The New Woman, Social Science, And The Harlem Renaissance: Ophelia Settle Egypt As Black Professional." The journal of southern history. 77.3 (2011): 555-594 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva .

E. R. Rutter, '"Belch the pity! / Straddle the city!": Helene Johnson's Late Poetry and the Rhetoric of Empowerment', African American review., vol. 47, no. 4, (2014) pp. 495-509.

Treva Lindsey, "Climbing the Hilltop: In Search of a New Negro Womanhood at Howard University," in Baldwin and Makalani eds., Escape from New York : the New Negro Renaissance beyond Harlem.    

Abbey Arthur Johnson, 'Literary Midwife: Jessie Redmon Fauset and the Harlem Renaissance' in Phylon (1960-) 21, (June 1978), 143-153. also in Cary D. Wintz ed., Analysis & Assessment

Teresa Zackodnik "Recirculation and Feminist Black Internationalism in Jessie Fauset's "The Looking Glass" and Amy Jacques Garvey's "Our Women and What They Think.". Modernism/modernity. September 2012;19(3):437-459.

V. Popp, Where Confusion Is: Transnationalism in the Fiction of Jessie Redmon Fauset. African American review., 4(2009). 3(1), 131-144

M. Stokes "There is Heterosexuality: Jessie Fauset, W. E. B. Du Bois, and the Problem of Desire. African American review., Summer2010 2010;44(1/2):67-83

See Special Issue on Alice Dunbar-Nelson in Legacy ISSN: 0748-4321: A Journal of American Women Writers  2016, Vol. 33 Issue 2, esp. introduction: Katherine Adams, Sandra A. Zagarell and Caroline Gebhard, "Recovering Alice Dunbar-Nelson for the Twenty First Century: An Introduction."

Hannah Durkin, . "Zora Neale Hurston’s Visual and Textual Portrait of Middle Passage Survivor Oluale Kossola/Cudjo Lewis." Slavery & Abolition : a journal of slave and post-slave studies. ISSN: 0144-039X, vol. 38, no. 3, Sept. 2017, pp. 601-619

Rosemary V. Hathaway "Almost Folklore": The Legend That Killed Nella Larsen's Literary Career." Journal of American folklore. ISSN: 0021-8715, vol. 130, no. 517, Summer2017, pp. 255-275

Lana Jean Mitchell, . "Regina Anderson Andrews: Harlem Renaissance Librarian." Journal of African American History ISSN: 1548-1867, vol. 102, no. 1, Winter2017, pp. 97-98

Deborah King, ‘Multiple Jeopardy, Multiple Consciousness: The Context of a Black feminist Ideology’ Signs 14 (1988):

Hirako Sato, 'Under the Harlem Shadow: A Study of Jessie Fauset and Nella Larsen' in Arna Bontemps ed., The Harlem Renaissance Remembered. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LW 26/11/2021) 

Cookie Woolner, "Woman Slain in Queer Love Brawl": African American Women, Same-Sex Desire, and Violence in the Urban North, 1920-1929." Journal of African American History ISSN: 1548-1867, vol. 100, no. 3, Summer2015, pp. 406-427.

Tracy L. Bealer, "The Kiss of Memory": The Problem of Love in Hurston's "Their Eyes Were Watching God." African American review. ISSN: 1062-4783, vol. 43, no. 2/3, Summer/Fall2009, pp. 311-327.

Deborah McDowell, ‘New Directions for Black Feminist Criticism’ Black American Literature Forum 14 (1980)

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Seminar 13: Passing and the Tragic Mulatto in Harlem Renaissance Fiction

Core Primary:

Please read ONE novel by Larsen and ONE by Fauset

Nella Larsen, Quicksand & Passing ed. Deborah McDowell, (New Brunswick, 1986) OR The complete fiction of Nella Larsen / edited and with an introduction by Charles R. Larson ; with a foreword by Marita Golden. (New York, 2001).

Jessie Fauset, Plum Bun OR Jessie Fauset, Comedy: American Style OR Jessie Fauset, The Chinaberry Tree 

Core Secondary Reading:
M. Giulia, "Introduction" and "Chapter 5" in Passing and the rise of the African American novel, (Urbana, Ill., 2004) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

 J. Martin Favor ‘Introduction’ in Authentic blackness : the folk in the new negro renaissance ISBN: 0822323451 (pbk. : acid-free paper); 0822323117 (1999)

Deborah McDowell’s Introduction in Larsen, Quicksand & Passing (New Brunswick, 1986) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

 Additional Primary Sources:

James Weldon Johnson, The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man

Regina Andrews, ‘The Man Who Passed: A Play in One-Act’ in Roses & Randolph eds., Harlem's glory : Black women writing, 1900-1950: 45 -56 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LW 26/11/2021) 

Additional Secondary Reading:

Charles Larsen, Invisible Darkness: Jean Toomer and Nella Larsen (Iowa City 1993)

Teresa C. Zackodnik, . The mulatta and the politics of race (Jackson, Mississippi, 2004).

Judith R Berzon Neither White Nor Black: The Mulatto Character in American Fiction (New York, 1978)

Cheryl A. Wall, Women of the Harlem Renaissance Ch. 3 ‘Nella Larsen: Passing for What? (Bloomington, 1995)

Joel Williamson, New People (New York, 1980)

Jacquelyn Y. McLendon, The Politics of Color in the Fiction of Jessie Fauset and Nella Larsen (Charlottesville, Va and London, 1995)

Ann Douglas, Terrible Honesty (New York, 1995)

Thadious M. Davis, Nella Larsen, Novelist of the Harlem Renaissance, A Woman's Life Unveiled (Baton Rouge, 1994)

Michelle Elam, The souls of mixed folk : race, politics, and aesthetics in the new millennium ISBN: 9780804756303 (pbk.); 9780804756297 (hbk.); 0804756295 (hbk.); 0804756309 (pbk.) (Stanford University Press, 2011)

Articles

Maria Balshaw, “Black Was White”: Urbanity, Passing and the Spectacle of Harlem, Journal of American studies., 1999 33(2): 307-322

Gregory Phipps, "The Deliberate Introduction of Beauty and Pleasure": Femininity and Black Feminist Pragmatism in Jessie Redmon Fauset's Plum Bun." African American review. ISSN: 1062-4783, vol. 49, no. 3, Fall2016, pp. 227-240.

Meredith Goldmsith, "Jessie Fauset's Not- So-New Negro Womanhood: The Harlem Renaissance, the Long Nineteenth Century, and Legacies of Feminine Representation." Legacy ISSN: 0748-4321 vol. 32, no. 2, July 2015, pp. 258-280

Cheryl A. Wall, ‘Passing for what? : aspects of identity in Nella Larsen's novels in Cary D. Wintz ed., Analysis and Assessment 1940-1979 (New York, 1996) also in Black American Literature Forum 20 (1986) : 97-111

Kangyl Ko, "The Shadow of Lynching in Nella Larsen’s Passing." Women's studies. ISSN: 0049-7878, vol. 46, no. 3, Apr/May2017, pp. 234-255.

Pamela L. Caughie, "Passing as Modernism." Modernism/modernity. ISSN: 1071-6068, vol. 12, no. 3, Sept. 2005, pp. 385-406. 

Jennifer DeVere Brody, ‘Clare Kendry’s “True” Colors: Race and Class Conflict in Nella Larsen’s Passing Callaloo., Volume 15 Issue 4 (Autumn, 1992) : 1053-1065

Sinéad Moynihan, “Beautiful White Girlhood?: Daisy Buchanon in Nella Larsen’s Passing,” African American review. ISSN: 1062-4783, Spring2014, Vol. 47 Issue 1, p37-49.

George B. Hutchinson, ‘Subject to Disappearance: interracial identity in Nella Larsen’s Quicksand,’ in Geneviève Fabre and Michel Feith ed., Temples for Tomorrow: looking back at the Harlem Renaissance (Bloomington, 2001) **

Charles-Yves Grandjeat, ‘The poetics of passing in Jean Toomer's Cane’ in Geneviève Fabre and Michel Feith ed., Jean Toomer and the Harlem Renaissance (New Brunswick, N.J. 2001). Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Bryant Keith Alexander, “Passing, Cultural Performance and Individual Agency: Performative Reflections on Black masculine identity,” in Stephen M. Whitehead ed., Men and masculinities : critical concepts in sociology, Vol. IV, Black, Latino and White Masculinities. (2006). Also printed in Cultural Studies <=> Critical Methodologies 4 (3) (2004): 377-404

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Seminar14: Queer Studies and the Harlem Renaissance

Core Reading: Primary

Nella Larsen’s Passing in Quicksand & Passing  ed. Deborah McDowell, (New Brunswick, 1986) OR The complete fiction of Nella Larsen / edited and with an introduction by Charles R. Larson ; with a foreword by Marita Golden. (New York, 2001).

Core Secondary Readings:

Judith Butler, Preface, Ch. 1 and Conclusion in Gender trouble : feminism and the subversion of identity 

Annamarie Jagose, esp. Intro, Ch.1, 2 & 7 in Queer theory : an introduction, (New York: New York University Press, 1996). Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Mason Stokes, ‘Say My Name,’ American Literary History, 17 (1) (2005), 171-182

Jacqueline C. Jones, "The Greatest Joy in Life: Geraldyn Dismond's Transformative Coverage of the Hamilton Lodge Ball," in Writing the Harlem Renaissance : revisiting the vision ISBN: 9780739196816 (e-book), edited by Emily Allen Williams, (Lexington Books, 2017)

 Additionally Primary Sources: 

Wallace Thurman, Infants of the spring

Alice Dunbar-Nelson, Give us each day : the diary of Alice Dunbar-Nelson.

Thomas H. Wirth ed., Gay rebel of the Harlem Renaissance : selections from the work of Richard Bruce Nugent (2000)

Devon W. Carbado, Dwight A. McBride, and Donald Weise eds., Black like us : a century of lesbian, gay, and bisexual African American fiction (2002)

Shawn Stewart Ruff, ed., Go the way your blood beats : an anthology of lesbian and gay fiction by African-American writers (1996)

Amritjit Singh and Daniel M. Scott III, The collected writings of Wallace Thurman : a Harlem Renaissance reader (New Brunswick, N.J, 2003)

Further Secondary Reading:

Books

Riki Wilchinsm, Queer theory, gender theory : an instant primer, (Los Angeles, 2004).

Christa Schwarz., Gay voices of the Harlem Renaissance (Bloomington, 2003).

Devon Carbado, Black men on race, gender, and sexuality : a critical reader

Gloria T. Hull, “Lines She Did Not Dare”: Angelina Weld Grimke, Harlem Renaissance Poet,” in Henry Abelove, Michèle Aina Barale, David M. Halperin eds., The lesbian and gay studies reader, (New York, 1993).

Deborah McDowell, "It’s Not Safe. Not Safe at All": Sexuality in Nella Larsen’s Passing,” in Henry Abelove, Miche`le Aina Barale, David M. Halperin eds., The lesbian and gay studies reader, (New York, 1993).

Gregory Woods, A history of gay literature : the male tradition espc. Ch. 17. (New Haven : Yale University Press, c1998). Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

James Smalls, The homoerotic photography of Carl Van Vechten : public face, private thoughts (Philadelphia, Pa. : Temple University Press, 2006).

Marlon B. Ross, Manning the race : reforming black men in the Jim Crow era

Neil Miller, Out of the past : gay & lesbian history from 1869 to the present, espc. Ch. 10. (New York, 2005). OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LW 29/11/2021) 

George Chauncey, Gay New York : the making of the gay male world, 1890-1940 (New York, 1994).

Shane Vogel, The scene of Harlem cabaret : race, sexuality, performance (University of Chicago Press, 2009)

Daryl Dickson-Carr "Wallace Thurman, Richard Bruce Nugent, and the Reification of "Race", Aesthetics and Sexuality," Ch 3. in Spoofing the modern : satire in the Harlem Renaissance ISBN: 9781611174922 hardback; 9781611174939 e-book

Articles

Michael L. Cobb, “ Insolent Racing, Rough Narrative: The Harlem Renaissance's Impolite Queers,” Callaloo.., Vol. 23, No. 1, Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender: Literature and Culture. (Winter, 2000), pp. 328-351

Cookie Woolner. “‘Woman Slain in Queer Love Brawl’: African American Women, Same-Sex Desire, and Violence in the Urban North, 1920–1929.” The Journal of African American History, vol. 100, no. 3, 2015, pp. 406–427

 Dwight A. McBride, "Toward the New Black Studies." Journal of black studies. ISSN: 0021-9347, vol. 37, no. 3, Jan. 2007, pp. 428-444.

 Eric Garber, “A Spectacle in Color: The Lesbian and Gay Subculture of Jazz Age Harlem,” in Hidden from history : reclaiming the gay and lesbian past eds. Martin Bauml Duberman, Martha Vicinus, and George Chauncey (New York, 1989); 318-31 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Shawn Anthony Christian "Between Black gay men : artistic collaboration and the Harlem Renaissance in Brother to brother" in Jeffrey Ogbar ed, The Harlem Renaissance revisited : politics, arts, and letters OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LW 29/11/2021) 

Deborah McDowell, "It’s Not Safe. Not Safe at All": Sexuality in Nella Larsen’s Passing,” in Henry Abelove, Michèle Aina Barale, David M. Halperin eds., The lesbian and gay studies reader, (New York, 1993)

Gregory Woods, ‘Gay Re-Readings of the Harlem Renaissance Poets’ in Emmanuel S. Nelson ed., Critical essays : gay and lesbian writers of color, (New York, 1993). Also published as Journal of homosexuality., volume 26, Numbers 2/3 1993 in Brotherton hard copy

Alden Reimonenq, Countee Cullen’s Uranian "Soul Windows" in Emmanuel S. Nelson ed., Critical essays : gay and lesbian writers of color, (New York, 1993). Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Granville Ganter, ‘Decadence, sexuality and the bohemian vision of Wallace Thurman,’ in New voices on the Harlem Renaissance : essays on race, gender, and literary discourse edited by Australia Tarver and Paula C. Barnes (Madison, N.J, 2006).    

Peter Power, “The Singing Man Who Must Be Reckoned With,”: Private Desire and Public Responsibility in the Poetry of Countee Cullen. African American review. 2000 34(4): 661-678

Cody C. St Clair, . "A Dilettante Unto Death: Richard Bruce Nugent's Dilettante Aesthetic and Unambitious Failure." African American review. ISSN: 1062-4783, vol. 50, no. 3, Fall2017, pp. 273-289

Seth Clark Silberman, "Reading Black Queer Vernacular in the "Streetgeist and Folklore" of Harlem's Renaissance." Public space, private lives : race, gender, class, and citizenship in New York, 1890-1929 ISBN: 9053838880 European Contributions to American Studies, vol. 53, Apr. 2004, pp. 129-152. 

Audio-visual:

Looking for Langston [videorecording] / [directed by] Isaac Julien.

Brother to brother [videorecording] / produced by Rodney Evans, Jim McKay, Isen Robbins, Aimee Schoof ; written and directed by Rodney Evans. Wolfe Video LLC : Ventura Distribution, [2005].

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Seminar 15: Disability Studies and the Harlem Renaissance

Core primary sources:

 The following novels are also interesting for studies of disability and race:  

Core Secondary Readings:

Chris Bell, "Is Disability Studies Actually White Disability Studies?", in The Disability Studies Reader, 5th edn, ed. By Lennard J. Davis (New York: Routledge, 2016)

Ann M. Fox, "A Different Integration: Race and Disability in Early Twentieth-Century African American Drama by Women", Legacy, 30 (2013)

Further Secondary Reading: 

Chris Bell, "Introduction", in Blackness and disability : critical examinations and cultural interventions ISBN: 9783643101266 (LIT Verlag : pbk.) : No price; 3643101260 (LIT Verlag : pbk.) : No price; 9781611860108 (Michigan State University Press : pbk.), ed. By Chris Bell (Münster: LIT Verlag, 2011)

Douglas Baynton, “Disability and the Justification of Inequality in American History”, in The new disability history : American perspectives ISBN: 0814785646 (pbk ; alk. paper); 0814785638: American Perspectives, ed. by Paul K. Longmore and Lauri Umansky (New York: New York University Press, 2001), pp. 33-57

Kim Nielsen, A disability history of the United States ISBN: 9780807022047 (Boston: Beacon Press, 2012)

Jeffery A. Burne and Daniel J. Wilson, "Introduction", in Disability and passing : blurring the lines of identity ISBN: 9781439909805 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9781439909799 (cloth : alk. paper); 9781439909812 (e-book), ed. by Jeffery A. Burne, and Daniel J. Wilson (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2013)

Sami Schalk, Bodyminds reimagined : (dis)ability, race, and gender in black women's speculative fiction ISBN: 9780822370888 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9780822370734 (hardcover : alk. paper) (Durham, Duke University Press, 2018)

Sami Schalk, "Transing: Resistance to Eugenic Ideology in Nella Larsen's Passing", Journal of modern literature. ISSN: 0022-281x, 38 (2015), 148

Daylanne K English, Unnatural selections : eugenics in American modernism and the Harlem resistance ISBN: 9780807863527 (e-book) (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004)

Nirmala Erevelles, Disability and Difference in Global Contexts Politics (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011)

Michelle Jarman, "Coming Up from Underground: Uneasy Dialogues at The Intersections of Race, Mental Illness, And Disability Studies", in Blackness and disability : critical examinations and cultural interventions ISBN: 9783643101266 (LIT Verlag : pbk.) : No price; 3643101260 (LIT Verlag : pbk.) : No price; 9781611860108 (Michigan State University Press : pbk.), ed. by Chris Bell (Münster: LIT Verlag, 2011)

Frank Keating, "Linking ‘Race’, Mental Health and A Social Model of Disability: What Are The Possibilities?", in Madness, Distress And The Politics Of Disablement, ed. by Helen Spandler, Jill Anderson and Bob Sapey (Bristol: Policy Press, 2015)

Wendy Kline, Building a better race : gender, sexuality, and eugenics from the turn of the century to the baby boom ISBN: 0520225023 (Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 2005)

Stephen Knadler, "Dis-Abled Citizenship: Narrating the Extraordinary Body in Racial Uplift", Arizona Quarterly ISSN: 0004-1610, 69 (2013), 99-128.

Dennis Tyler Jr, "Jim Crow's Disabilities: Racial Injury, Immobility, and the "Terrible Handicap" in the Literature of James Weldon Johnson", African American review. ISSN: 1062-4783, 50 (2017)

Daniel M., Scott, "Harlem Shadows: Re-Evaluating Wallace Thurman's "The Blacker the Berry"", MELUS. ISSN: 0163-755X, 29 (2004)

Tom Shakespeare, "The Social Model of Disability", in The Disability Studies Reader, 5th edn, ed. by Lennard J. Davis (New York: Routledge, 2016)

Russell Shuttleworth, Nikki Wedgwood, and Nathan J. Wilson, "The Dilemma of Disabled Masculinity", Men and masculinities. ISSN: 1097-184x, 15 (2012), 174-194

Theri A., Pickens, “Blue Blackness, Black Blueness: Making Sense of Blackness and Disability”, in African American review. ISSN: 1062-4783, 50 (2) (2017), pp. 93-103

Susan Schweik, “Disability Politics and American Literary History: Some Suggestions”, in American literary history. ISSN: 0896-7148, 20 (1/2) (2008), pp. 217-237

Cynthia Wu, and Jennifer C. James. "Editors' Introduction: “Race, Ethnicity, Disability, and Literature." MELUS. ISSN: 0163-755X, Vol. 31, No. 3, Fall 2006. 3-13.

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Seminar 16: Performing Blackness I: Black Theatre ‘By, Of and For the People’ and the Roots of Black Performance

Core Primary Reading: 

Zora Neale Hurston Color Struck available at Black Drama: Third Edition 

Core Secondary Reading 

Sandra Richards, "Writing the Absent Potential: Drama, Performance and the Canon of African American Literature " Ch. 3 in Performativity and Performance edited by Andrew Parker and Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva   

James V. Hatch Ch 7 "The Harlem Renaissance" in A history of African American theatre. in Online course Readings.

Soyica Diggs Colbert, “Drama in the Harlem Renaissance” and Jonathan Shandell “The Little Negro Theatre Movement” in The Cambridge companion to African American theatre , edited by Harvey Young 

Additionally Primary Sources: 

Read a research a play from Black Drama: Third Edition 

Eugene O’Neill, Extract from Emperor Jones in David Levering Lewis ed., The portable Harlem Renaissance reader, (Penguin, 1995), pp311-317 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  . *

Raymond O’Neill, ‘The Negro in Dramatic Art’; Jules Bledsoe, ‘Has the Negro a Place in the Theatre? ’; Eulalie Spence ‘A Criticism of the Negro Drama: As It Relates to the Negro Dramatist and Artist’; Harry S. Keelan, ‘The Theatre: A Review of Porgy’ in Cary D.Wintz ed. The politics and aesthetics of "New Negro" literature (1996): pp 211-218 * Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

W.E.B. Du Bois’ “Krigwa Players Little Negro Theatre: The Story of a Little Theatre Movement” and “Paying for Plays.” in James V. Hatch and Leo Hamalian eds. Lost plays of the Harlem Renaissance, 1920-1940 (1996) : pp 446, 453. *

Theophilus Lewis, ‘Theatre Review’ in Sondra Wilson ed., The Messenger Reader pp 238-256 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LW 29/11/2021)  *

Paul Robeson, ‘Reflections on O’Neill’s Plays’ in Lewis, The Portable Harlem Renaissance Reader: 58- 60 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  *

Alain Locke, “The Negro and the American Stage,” 1927 in Lindsay Patterson ed., Anthology of the American Negro in the theatre : a critical approach, (1967) OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LW 29/11/2021) .

James V. Hatch and Leo Hamalian eds., Lost Plays of the Harlem Renaissance 1920-1940 (Detroit, 1996) **

Leo Hamalian and James V Hatch, eds., The Roots of African American Drama: an anthology of Early Plays, 1858-1938 (Detroit, 1991)

James Weldon Johnson, Black Manhattan (New York, 1930) Ch.s XV- XV11 pp 170-230    

Alain Locke, 'Steps Towards the Negro Theatre’ The Crisis 25.(1922). Reprinted in Wilson, Sondra Kathryn (ed) The Crisis Reader, 1999. pp.267-272 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LW 29/11/2021)  . *

Tony Martin ed., African Fundamentalism Part V: Drama, Theatre, Film pp 247-266 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LW 29/11/2021)  **

Jennifer Burton ed., Zora Neale Hurston, Eulalie Spence, Marita Bonner, and Others: The Prize Plays and Other One Acts published in periodicals (New York, 1996)

Elizabeth Brown-Guillory ed., Wines in the Wilderness: Plays by African American Women from the Harlem Renaissance to the present (New York, 1990)

Kathy Perkins, Black Female Playwrights: an anthology of plays before 1950 (Indianapolis, 1989) 

Kathy Perkins and Judith Stephens eds., Strange Fruit: Plays on Lynching by American Women (Bloomington, 1997)  

Further Secondary Reading:
Books

 Adrienne Macki Braconi, Ch 1 "Constructing Racial Uplift, Class, and Propaganda" and Ch. 2 "Constituting Community" in Harlem's theaters : a staging ground for community, class, and contradiction, 1923-1939 ISBN: 9780810132245 (cloth ; alk. paper); 0810132249 (cloth ; alk. paper); 9780810132252 (pbk. ; alk. paper); 0810132257 (pbk. ; alk. paper); 9780810132269 (ebook); 0810132265 (ebook) (Northwestern University Press, 2015). OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (MAA 31/07/2018)   

Eric Lott, Love and theft : blackface minstrelsy and the American working class, (New York, 1993)

Eric Lott, “Blackface and Blackness: The minstrel show in American Culture,” in A. Bean, J.V. Hatch, and B. McNamara eds., Inside the minstrel mask : readings in nineteenth-century blackface minstrelsy: 1-32 (1996) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Rena Fraden, Blueprints for a Black Federal Theatre 1935-1939 (Cambridge, 1994)

Karen Sotiropoulos, Staging race : black performers in turn of the century America

Harold Bloom, Black American poets and dramatists of the Harlem Renaissance (New York, 1995)

David Krasner, A beautiful pageant : African American theatre, drama, and performance in the Harlem Renaissance, 1910-1927 (New York, 2002) **

Samuel A. Hay, African American Theatre-a Historical and Critical Analysis (CUP, 1994)

Elizabeth Brown-Guillory, Their place on the stage :Black women playwrights in America (1990)

Koritha Mitchell, Living with lynching : African American lynching plays, performance, and citizenship, 1890-1930 (2012).

Carol P. Marsh-Lockett, ed., Black women playwrights: visions on the American stage (New York, 1999)

Harry J Elam & David Krasner eds., African American performance and theatre history: A critical reader (2001)

Articles

Krasner, David, “Whose Role is It Anyway? Charles Gilpin and the Harlem Renaissance, African American review., 1995 29 (3) 483-496 ****

Nellie McKay, ‘Black theater and drama in the 1920s’ in Cary D Wintz ed., Analysis and assessment 1980-1994 (New York, 1996) ***

Patti Capel Swartz, Masks and Masquerade: The Iconography of the Harlem Renaissance in Cary D. Wintz ed. Analysis and Assessment 1980-1994: 375-388 ***

Koritha Mitchell, . "No More Shame! Defeating the New Jim Crow with Antilynching Activism's Best Tools." American Quarterly. ISSN: 0003-0678, vol. 66, no. 1, Mar. 2014, pp. 143-152.

Will Harris, ‘Early Black Women Playwrights and the Dual Liberation Motif’ African American Review, Vol. 28, Number 2, 1994

Michelle Hester, ‘An examination of the Relationship between Race and Gender in an Early Twentieth Century Drama: A Study of Angelina Weld Grimke's Play Rachel’ Journal of Negro History, Vol 79, Issue 2, 9 Spring, 1994), 248-256

Barbara Speisman, "From "Spears" To The Great Day: Zora Neale Hurston's Vision Of A Real Negro Theater." Southern Quarterly 36.3 (1998): 34. America : history and life [electronic resource].

Koritha Mitchell, Living with lynching : African American lynching plays, performance, and citizenship, 1890-1930 (2012).

Paul Carter Harrison, “The Black Star Line: The De-Mystification of Marcus Garvey,” African American review., Vol. 31, No. 4, Contemporary Theatre Issue. (Winter, 1997), pp. 713-716.

Frieda Scott, ‘Black Drama and the Harlem Renaissance’ Theatre-Journal,Baltimore, Maryland, 1985, December

Judith L. Stephens, 'The Harlem Renaissance and the New Negro movement' The Cambridge companion to American women playwrights: ed., Brenda Murphy (CUP Press, 1999)

‘Anti-Lynch Plays by African American Women: Race, Gender, and Social Protest in American Drama’ African American review., Vol 26, Number 2

Sullivan, Megan. "Folk Plays, Home Girls, and Back Talk: Georgia Douglas Johnson and Women of the Harlem Renaissance." CLA Journal 38.4 (1995): 404-19    

Barbara Speisman, ‘From “Spears” to The Great Day: Zora Neale Hurstons’ Vision of a Real Negro theater,” Southern Quarterly 1998 36(3): 34-46

Kate Dossett, "Commemorating Haiti on the Harlem Stage," Journal of American Drama and Theatre, Winter 2010, (Vol: 22: 1): 83-119

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Seminar 17: Performing Blackness II: Stereotypes on Screen

 Core Primary:

Within our gates [videorecording] (1920).  

Core Secondary reading:

W. Fitzhugh Brundage, "Why I'll Watch Oscar Micheaux's within Our Gates Until I Wear It out." Perspectives on History, vol. 48, no. 6, Sept. 2010, pp. 40-41 available here https://www.historians.org/publications-and-directories/perspectives-on-history/september-2010/why-ill-watch-oscar-micheauxs-within-our-gates-until-i-wear-it-out

Charlene Regester, “The Misreading and Rereading of African American Filmaker Oscar Micheaux: A Critical Review of Micheaux Scholarship,” Film history. [Australia] 1995 7(4): 426-449

Clyde Taylor, “Oscar Micheaux and the Harlem Renaissance,” in Fabre and Feith eds., Temples for tomorrow : looking back at the Harlem Renaissance. ** OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LW 29/11/2021) 

Other films:

Body & Soul (1924) Dir. Oscar Micheuax  

Lying Lips (Dir. Oscar Micheaux, 1939)  

Girl From Chicago (Dir. Oscar Micheaux, 1932)  

Siren of the Tropics (1928) (Starring Josephine Baker)  

St Louis Blues (Bessie Smith)  

The Black King (1932)  

Documentary

Midnight ramble [videorecording] : the story of the black film industry (Alexandria, VA. : PBS Video, 1994).  

Secondary Reading:
Books

Hazel Carby, Race men especially Chapter 2: ‘The Body and Soul of Modernism,’

Henry Sampson, Blacks in Black and White: A Source Book on Black Films (Metuchen, 1993, ) 2 nd edition

Donald Bogle, Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies & Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films, Continuum (New York, 1989)

Michelle Ann Stephens Black empire: The Masculine Global Imaginary of Caribbean Intellectual in The United States, 1914-1962, (Durham, Duke University Press, 2005.)

Martin Bauml Duberman, Paul Robeson, (1989)

Mary A. Raden, Taking Haiti : military occupation and the culture of U.S. imperialism, 1915-1940, (Chapel Hill, 2001) especially pp 196-212 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Cedric J. Robinson, Forgeries of memory and meaning : Blacks and the regimes of race in American theater and film before World War II. (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007)

Thomas Cripps, Slow Fade to Black: The Negro in American Film, 1900-1942 (New York, 1993)

Peter Kerry Powers, Goodbye Christ? : Christianity, masculinity, and the new Negro renaissance ISBN: 9781621903734 (printed case) (University of Tennessee Press, 2018)

Manthia Darwara, Black American Cinema (New York, 1993)

Ed Guerro, Framing Blackness: The African-American Image in Film (Philadelphia, 1993)

Daniel J. Leab, From Sambo to Superspade: The Black Experience in Motion Pictures (Boston, 1967)

Pearl Bowser, Oscar Micheaux and His Circle: African-American Filmmaking and Race Cinema of the Silent Era (2001)

Pearl Bowser, and, Louise Spence, Writing himself into history : Oscar Micheaux, his silent films, and his audiences New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers U. Pr., 2000

Beverly J., Dr. Robinson The Life and Work of Oscar Micheaux: Pioneer Black Author and Filmmaker (2001)

J. Ronald Green, Straight Lick: the Cinema of Oscar Micheaux (2002)

Jane M Gaines, Fire and Desire: Mixed Race Movies in the Silent Era (2001)

Joseph A Young, Black Novelist as White Racist (1989)

Articles

 Jeffrey C. Stewart, “Introduction” and “The Black Body: Robeson as a Work of Art and Politics.” in Paul Robeson : artist and citizen. Ed. and intro. Jeffrey C. Stewart. (New Brunswick: 1998): 3-16, 134-163. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LW 29/11/2021) 

Charles Musser, "Troubled Relations: Paul Robeson, Eugene O'Neill, and Oscar Micheaux." In Stewart ed., Paul Robeson : artist and citizen: 80-103. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

A. Field, "John Henry Goes to Carnegie Hall: Motion Picture Production at Southern Black Agricultural and Industrial Institutes (1909–13)." Journal of popular film & television. [serial online]. Fall, 2009 2009;37(3):106-115

Paul Gardullo,. "Spectacles of Slavery: Pageantry, Film and Early Twentieth-Century Public Memory." Slavery & Abolition : a journal of slave and post-slave studies. ISSN: 0144-039X, vol. 34, no. 2, June 2013

Johan Callens, “Black is white, I yells it out louder ’n deir loudest”: Unraveling The Wooster Group’s The Emperor Jones,’ in Eugene O’Neill Review, Volume 26, 2004.    

Michael Johnson, "Try to Refrain from that Desire": Self-Control and Violent Passion in Oscar Micheaux's African American Western,” African American review. Volume 38, Number 3 (Fall 2004)

Gerald R. Butters, “From Homestead to Lynch Mob: Portrayals of Black Masculinity in Oscar Micheaux’s Within Our Gates, Journal for multimedia history 2000 3.

Charles R Larson, "The Black King: Forgotten 'Black? ' Classic." Journal of Popular Film and Television, vol. 20 no. 2. 1992 Summer: 17-25.

Donald Bogle, ‘Black Beginnings: From Uncle Tom's Cabin to The Birth of a Nation’ in Valerie Smith, ed Representing blackness : issues in film and video (New Jersey 1997) : 13-24. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

J. Ronald Green, ‘Twoness in the Style of Oscar Micheaux’ in Manthia Diawara, ed., Black American Cinema. (New York, 1993) : 26-48.

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Seminar 18: Children's Literature 

Core Primary Text:

The Brownies Book  

Core Secondary Reading:

Katharine Capshaw Smith, Children’s Literature of the Harlem Renaissance (2004)

Michelle H. Phillips, “The Children of Double Consciousness: From ‘The Souls of Black Folk to the Brownies' Book.’” PMLA, vol. 128, no. 3, 2013, pp. 590–607.,

Further Reading

Johnson, Dianne, and Catherine E. Lewis. “Introduction:[Children's and Young-Adult Literature].” African American Review, vol. 32, no. 1, 1998, pp. 5–7. 

Johnson, D. (2009). African American women writers of children's and young adult literature. In A. Mitchell (Ed.), The Cambridge companion to African American women's literature, Cambridge (pp. 210-223). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Harris, Violet J., ‘Race Consciousness, Refinement, and Radicalism: Socialization in The Brownies' Book" in Children's Literature Association Quarterly , 14.4 (1989)

Alberghene, Janice M., ‘Literature for Children of the Sun’ Children’s Literature Association Quarterly, 18.4 (1993)

Bishop, Rudine Sims, Free Within Ourselves: The Development of African American Children's Literature

Bishop, Rudine Sims, Shadow and Substance: Afro-American Experience in Contemporary Children’s Fiction

Broderick, Dorothy M., Image of the Black in Children’s Fiction

Brookes, Wanda M., and McNair, Jonda C., Embracing, Evaluating, and Examining African American Children’s and Young Adult Literature

Casement, Rose, Black History in the pages of Children's Literature

Cottrell Jr., Leonard S., ‘Negro Youth and the Crossways: Their Personality Development in the Middle States., by E. Franklin Frazier; Children of Bondae: The Personality Development of Negro Youth in the Urban South. By Allison Davis; John Dollard’,  American Journal of Sociology, 47.1 (1941)

Irene, Diggs, ‘DuBois and Children’, Phylon, 37.4 (1976)

Harris, Violet J., ‘African American Children’s Literature: The First One Hundred Years’ The Journal of Negro Education 59.4 (1990)

Johnson, Dianne, Telling Tales: The Pedagogy and Promise of African American literature for Youth

Kory ,Fern, “Once upon a Time in Aframerica:  The "Peculiar" Significance of Fairies in the Brownies' Book,”  in Children's Literature Volume 29, 2001

 David, Levering Lewis, W. E. B. Du Bois, 1868-1919: Biography of a Race (1994)

MacCann, Donnarae, and Woodard, Gloria, The Black American in Books for Children

Martin, Michelle H., Brown gold: Milestones of African-American Children's Books, 1845-2002

Osa, Osayimwense, The All-White world of Children's Books and African American Children's Literature

Smith, Karen Patricia, African American Voices in Young Adult Literature: Tradition, Transition, Transformation

Sylvander, Caroline, Jessie Redmon Fauset, black American writer,

Woodson, Carter Godwin, The Mis-Education of the Negro

Young, Patricia A., ‘The Brownie’s Book (1920-1921) Exploring the Past to Elucidate the Future of Instructional Design’, Journal of Language, Identity and Education, 8.1 (2009)

 

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Seminar 19: New Negroes in Paris

Core Primary Texts:

Diaries: "Introduction" pp175-178; and "France" pp179-186 and "Correspondence" pp192-213" in Belinda Wheeler and Louis J. Parascandola eds., Heroine of the Harlem Renaissance and Beyond: Gwendolyn Bennett’s Selected Writings (Penn State University Press, 2018) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

 Peter Loving, interview with Jessie Fauset in The Left Bank revisited: selections from the Paris Tribune, 1917-1934 Edited with an introd. by Hugh Ford. Foreword by Matthew Josephson. (Pennsylvania State University Press, 1972). OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 05/10/2021) 

Core Secondary Reading:

Tyler Stovall "Black Modernism and the Making of the Twentieth Century Paris, 1919” in Fionnghuala Sweeney and Kate Marsh eds., Afromodernisms: Paris, Harlem and the Avant-Garde.

Michel Fabre “Jessie Fauset and Gwendolyn Bennett,” Ch. 8 in Fabre, From Harlem to Paris: Black American Writers in France, 1840-1980 (Urbana, 1991) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Additional primary sources:

 Claude McKay, ‘The New Negro in Paris’ in A Long Way From Home 

  Banjo **

Langston Hughes, ‘The Big Sea’ pp 144- 186

 Langston Hughes, ‘The twenties: Harlem and its negritude’ in Cary D Wintz ed., Analysis and assessment, 1940-1979 (New York, 1996). ***

Further Secondary Reading:

Bridget Jones, ‘With ‘Banjo’ By My Bed: Black French Writers Reading Claude McKay’ in Wintz ed., Analysis and Assessment 1890-1994 ***

Erica L. Griffin, “The ‘Invisible Woman’ Abroad: Jessie Fauset’s New Horizon” in Dolan Hubbard ed., Recovered Writers: Recovered Texts (University of Tennessee Press, 1997). 

Theresa Leininger-Miller, New Negro artists in Paris : African-American painters and sculptors in the City of Light, 1922-1934: African American painters and sculptors in the city of light, 1922-1934 (Brunswick, N.J, 2001)

Tyler Edward Stovall, Paris Noir: African Americans in the City of Light. (Boston,1996).**

Michel Fabre, ‘The Harlem Renaissance abroad: French critics and the new Negro literary movement (1924-1964) in Temples for tomorrow: looking back at the Harlem Renaissance ed. Genevieve Fabre and Michel Feith. (Bloomington, Indiana, 2001)****

Carl Pederson, ‘The Tropics in New York: Claude McKay and the New Negro Movement,” in Fabre and Feith eds., Temples for tomorrow: looking back at the Harlem Renaissance.****

Brent Hayes Edwards, ‘Three Ways to translate the Harlem Renaissance,” in Fabre and Feith eds., Temples for tomorrow: looking back at the Harlem Renaissance. ****

Mbulamwanza Mudimbe-Boyi, ‘African and Black American Literature: The “Negro Renaissance” and the Genesis of African Literature in French’ in Wintz ed., Analysis and Assessment 1980-1994.***

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Seminar 20: Blues, Jazz and the Harlem Renaissance

Core Primary Texts: 

Angela Davis, Blues legacies and black feminism : Gertrude "Ma" Rainey, Bessie Smith, and Billie Holiday (New York, 1999) pp 200-358

Hughes, L., Rampersad, A., & Roessel, D. The collected poems of Langston Hughes. (Knopf, 1994).

Collected Poems of Sterling A. Brown (Harper & Row, 1980)

-Read a selection of blues poetry from Hughes (e.g ‘The Weary Blues’; ‘Homesick Blues’ ;‘Po’ Boy Blues’ ‘Gypsy Man’;‘Lament Over Love’;‘Bad Man’;‘Gal’s Cry for a Dying Lover’ ‘Hard Daddy’) and Brown (eg ‘Ma Rainey’ ;‘Cabaret’;‘Tin Roof Blues’;‘Memphis Blues’‘Odyssey of Big Boy’ )

Core Secondary Reading:

Angela Davis, “Introduction” xi-xx and Ch. 2 “Mama’s Got the Blues” pp 42-65 and Chapter 4 “Blame it on the Blues”pp 91-119 in Angela Davis, Blues Legacies and Black Feminism.

Hazel Carby, “The Sexual Politics of Women’s Blues,” in Cultures in Babylon : black Britain and African America (1999). Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

 Film:

Bessie Smith in St.Louis Blues [videorecording]. (1929)  

Contemporary Writings on Blues:

Du Bois, Ch XIV: The Souls of Black Folks:

James Weldon Johnson, Book of American Negro Spirituals

Carl Van Vechten, ‘The Black Blues’ in Bruce Kellner ed., "Keep a-inchin' along" : selected writings of Carl Van Vechten about black art and letters (Westport, CT, 1979): 43-52 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Additional Secondary Reading:


Hazel Carby, "‘It Just Be’s Dat Way Sometime,’: The Sexual Politics of Women’s Blues," in Unequal sisters : a multicultural reader in U.S. women's history ed. Vicki Ruiz and Ellen Carol DuBois, 2nd ed. (New York: Routledge, 1994), 330-341. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Buzzy Jackson, A bad woman feeling good : blues and the women who sing them, (W.W.Norton, 2005).

Daphne Duval Harrison, ‘Black Women in the Blues Tradition’ in Sharon Harley and Rosalyn Terborg –Penn eds., The Afro-American woman : struggles and images (1978)

Black pearls : blues queens of the 1920s (New Brunswick, N Jersey, 1988)

Carol Batker “Love Me Like I Like to Be”: The Sexual Politics of Hurston’s Their Eyes Were Watching God, the Classic Blues, and the Black Women’s Club Movement’ African American review., Vol 32, Issue 2 (Summer, 1998): 199-213

Cookie Woolner, "Woman Slain in Queer Love Brawl": African American Women, Same-Sex Desire, and Violence in the Urban North, 1920-1929." Journal of African American History ISSN: 1548-1867, vol. 100, no. 3, Summer2015, pp. 406-427.

Sandra Lieb, Mother of the blues : a study of Ma Rainey (Massachusetts, 1981)

Nghana tamu Lewis, “In a Different Chord: Interpreting the Relations Among Black Female Sexuality, Agency, and the Blues,” African American review.. Terre Haute: Winter 2003.Vol. 37, Iss. 4;

Eileen M. Hayes and Linda F. Williams eds., Black women and music : more than the blues University of Illinois Press, c2007.

W. C. Handy, Father of the blues : an autobiography. (1976)

Albert Murray, Stomping the blues (1976)

Amiri Baraka, Blues people : Negro music in white America (1963)

Robert Palmer, Deep blues (1981)

Chris Albertson, Bessie (1972)

Eileen Southern, The music of black Americans : a history (2nd ed. New York, 1983)

Paul Allen Anderson, Deep river : music and memory in Harlem Renaissance thought (Duke, N. Carolina: 2001)

Ralph Ellison, Shadow and act. (1964)

Martin Williams, The jazz tradition (1983)

Ole Brask & Dan Morgenstern, Jazz people (New York, 1993)

James Campbell, The Picador book of blues and jazz (London, 1995)

Max Paddison, Adorno's aesthetics of music (Cambridge, 1993)

Paul Oliver, Aspects of the blues tradition second ed (New York, 1970)

Frank Tirro, Jazz : a history (New York, 1993)

Ted Vincent, Keep cool : the black activists who built the jazz age (London 1995)

Blues and Literature

Joanne V Gabbin, Sterling A. Brown : building the Black aesthetic tradition ’ (1985)

Henry Louis Gates Jr., and K A Appiah eds., Langston Hughes : critical perspectives past and present (New York, 1993)

Ann Ducille, ‘Blues Notes on Black Sexuality: Sex and the Texts of Jessie Fauset and Nella Larsen' in John C. Faut and Maura Shaw Tantillo eds.,, American sexual politics : sex, gender, and race since the Civil War (Chicago, 1993)

Ann Du Cille, espc Ch 5: ‘The Bourgeois, Wedding Bell Blues of Jessie Fauset and Nella Larsen’ in The coupling convention : sex, text, and tradition in black women's fiction ’ (Yale, 1995): 86-109

Houston A Baker Jr., Blues, ideology, and Afro-American literature : a vernacular theory (1980)

Long black song : essays in black American literature and culture (1972)

Paul Allen Anderson, Deep river : music and memory in Harlem Renaissance thought (Duke, N. Carolina: 2001)

Classical Music

Samuel Floyd, Black music in the Harlem Renaissance : a collection of essays (New York & London, 1990)

Jon Michael Spencer, The new Negroes and their music : the success of the Harlem Renaissance (Knoxville, 1997)

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Seminar 21: Revision: Historiography and Primary Sources

Jackson, Lawrence. “‘The Aftermath’: the Reputation of the Harlem Renaissance Twenty Years Later.” Chapter. In The Cambridge Companion to the Harlem Renaissance, edited by George Hutchinson, 239–53. Cambridge Companions to Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. doi:10.1017/CCOL052185699X.017.

Andrew M. Fearnley, “When the Harlem Renaissance became Vogue: Periodization and the Organization of Postward American Historiography" Modern Intellectual History 11, no. 1 (2014): 59–87. doi:10.1017/S1479244313000334.

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Seminar 22: Revision: Exam Preparation

This list was last updated on 17/11/2021