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PHIL2221
PHIL2221 Ancient Philosophy Reading List

Ancient Philosophy, 2021/22, Semester 1
Dr Jamie Dow
J.Dow@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Contents of this Reading List:

- Required Primary (Ancient) Texts

- Secondary Readings by module topic (with required reading for each topic marked as "core")

- Recommended commentaries on each of the primary texts used.

- Recommended works and anthologies of articles on (e.g.) Socrates, Plato, or Aristotle.

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Required Primary (Ancient) Texts

There are several primary texts for this course, and passages from one or more of these will constitute part of the reading for each seminar. Thus these texts constitute the basic reading for the course, and copies of each will be available on short loan in the Edward Boyle. However you should try to possess your own copies of these works.

Plato: Meno  ; Protagoras Gorgias ISBN: 0872200167 (pbk.); 9780872200166 (pbk.); 0872200175 (hard); 9780872200173 (hard)  ; Republic  

Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics ; Politics

Recommended Translations - and translations to avoid:

These are the ones we’ll use in seminars. They have been selected for (i) their accuracy, and (ii) price – they are cheap to buy new, even cheaper second-hand, and are very widely used, so could be easily sold on after the module.

You must use translations that are in modern English, and that have the text marked with the standard referencing systems (Stephanus pages for Plato - http://plato-dialogues.org/stephanus.htm (e.g. “Meno 70a”, “Republic 327aand Bekker pages for Aristotle (e.g. “Nic. Eth. 1074a5”), as these are the references you must use in presentations, seminar discussions and written work.

Plato:

RECOMMENDED (good translations, quite cheap to buy):

Meno – in “Five dialogues ISBN: 0872206335 (pbk.); 9780872206335 (pbk.); 0872206343 (cloth); 9780872206342 (cloth)” (Hackett: tr. Grube / Cooper)

Protagoras ISBN: 0872200957 (hard ; alk. paper); 9780872200951 (hard ; alk. paper); 0872200949 (pbk. ; alk. paper); 9780872200944 (pbk. ; alk. paper) (Hackett: tr. Lombardo / Bell)

Gorgias ISBN: 0872200167 (pbk.); 9780872200166 (pbk.); 0872200175 (hard); 9780872200173 (hard) (Hackett: tr. Zeyl)

Republic ISBN: 9780872201361 (pbk.); 9780872201378 (hbk.); 0872201376 (hbk.); 0872201368 (pbk.) (Hackett: tr. Grube / Reeve)

ALSO GOOD (good translations, more expensive):

Protagoras and Meno ISBN: 9780140449037 paperback; 0140449035 paperback (Penguin: tr. Beresford)

Protagoras (Oxford: tr. Taylor)

Gorgias and Protagoras (Cambridge: tr. Griffith – “Gorgias, Menexenus, and Protagoras ISBN: 9780521546003 (pbk.) : £17.99; 9780521837293 (hbk.) : £50.00; 0521837294 (hbk.) : £50.00; 0521546001 (pbk.) : £17.99”)

Meno ; and, Phaedo ISBN: 9780521859479 (hbk.); 0521859476 (hbk.); 9780521676779 (pbk.); 0521676770 (pbk.) (Cambridge: tr. Sedley / Long)

The Republic ISBN: 052148443X (pbk.) : £8.95; 0521481732 (Cambridge: tr. Griffith)

Republic (Penguin: tr. Lee)

Aristotle:

RECOMMENDED:

The Nicomachean ethics ISBN: 0192815180: Oxford translation (tr. Brown/Ross)

Politics ISBN: 0872203891 (cloth); 0872203883 (pbk): Hackett translation (tr. Reeve)

ALSO GOOD:

Nicomachean Ethics:

Oxford edition (tr. C. Rowe, with essays and notes by S. Broadie)

Hackett translation (tr. and notes by Irwin)

Cambridge translation (tr. Crisp)

Penguin translation (tr. Barnes/Thomson)

Politics:

Oxford translation (tr. Stalley / Barker)

Penguin translation (tr. Sinclair / Saunders)

Translations to AVOID!

Oxford translations by Waterfield – esp. of Plato’s Republic.

Kindle versions and other cheap electronic versions where what you actually get is a cheap, very old translation that doesn’t use the proper referencing system within the text.

Beware of cheaper / free translations (esp. online) that are in misleading antiquated English, and that lack the proper referencing system for the text!

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Secondary Readings by Module Topic:

Here are the required (core) readings for each topic (topics 1-10). A selection of further readings, organised by topic, is given below

  1. T.H. Irwin (1995) Plato’s Ethics, Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 18-30.  

  2. H. Lorenz The brute within : appetitive desire in Plato and Aristotle , OUP, 2006. Ch. 2   

  3. T.D. Chappell “The Virtues of Thrasymachus” in Phronesis. Vol 38, No 1, pp. 1-17 (1993); AND  

     G. Santas (1979) Socrates (Arguments of the Philosophers), New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd., pp. 254-266.  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 02/10/2020) 

  4. R.G.K. Singpurwalla (2006) “Plato's Defense of Justice in the Republic”, in G.X. Santas (ed.) The Blackwell Guide to Plato's Republic, Oxford: Blackwell, ch. 13  

  5. G. Klosko (1986) The development of Plato’s political theory, London: Methuen. Ch. 9.;  AND

    E. Brown "Plato's Ethics and Politics in The Republic", Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Winter 2011 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2011/entries/plato-ethics-politics/  

  6. J. Annas (1993) The Morality of Happiness, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Ch. 1.  

  7. J. Whiting (1988) “Aristotle’s Function Argument: A Defense”, Ancient Philosophy 8 (1):33-48.  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 02/10/2020) 

  8. M. Hampson, (2020) ‘The Learner’s Motivation and the Structure of Habituation in Aristotle’, Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie. (N.B. this article is available online only - on the AGP journal website, go to "Issues" and look in "Ahead of print / just accepted" to find it.)  

  9. L. Brown “Why is Aristotle’s Virtue of Character a Mean?”, in Polansky, R (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics , CUP, 2014 

  10. M.C. Nussbaum (1988) “Nature, function and capability: Aristotle on political distribution”, Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy (Supplementary Volume), 145-184.   

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ISBN: 9781405191111 (pbk.); 1405191112 (pbk.)

Further reading topic-by-topic:

1a The definition issue: What is virtue?

T. Irwin: Plato's ethics, Chs. 2, 3, and 9

H.H. Benson: "The Priority of Definition and the Socratic Elenchus", in Oxford studies in ancient philosophy. 8

H.H. Benson Clitophon's challenge : dialectic in Plato's Meno, Phaedo, and Republic ISBN: 9780199324842 (e-book) (OUP, 2015) chapter 2.

Doyle, J. (2012) ‘Socratic Methods’, Oxford studies in ancient philosophy., vol. 42, 39–75.

Doyle, J. (2010) ‘The Socratic Elenchus: No Problem’, in Smiley, T. J., Lear, J., and Oliver, A. (eds), The force of argument : essays in honor of Timothy Smiley780203859810 (e-book) , London, Routledge, pp. 68–81.

G. Vlastos: "The Socratic Elenchus", in Oxford studies in ancient philosophy. 1 1983

T. Brickhouse: "Socrates on Goods, Virtue and Happiness", in Oxford studies in ancient philosophy. 5

I.M. Crombie: "Socratic Definition", in J.M. Day (ed.), Plato's Meno in focus ISBN: 0415002982 (pbk); 0415002974 (and Paideia, Vol.5, Special Plato Issue)

M.T. Fere-John: "The Unity of Virtue and the Objects of Socratic Inquiry", in Journal of the history of philosophy. ISSN: 0022-5053 20

Lloyd Gerson: "Plato on Virtue, Knowledge and the Unity of Goodness", in J. Anton & R. Preus (eds.), Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy. Vol. 3, Plato

T. Irwin: Plato's moral theory : the early and middle dialogues ISBN: 019824567X; 0198246145 (pbk) (PMT), Chs. 1-3

C.C.W. Taylor: "Socratic Ethics", in Barry Gower and Michael Stokes (eds.), Socratic questions : new essays on the philosophy of Socrates and its significance ISBN: 0415069319

G. Vlastos: Socrates, Ironist and Moral Philosopher, Ch. 8

D. Zeyl: “Socratic Virtue and Happiness", in Archiv fur Gesichte der Philosophie 64, 1982 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 02/10/2020) 

1b. How is virtue acquired? Is it teachable?

M. Nill: Morality and self-interest in Protagoras, Antiphon and Democritus ISBN: 9004073191

M. Nussbaum: The Fragility of Goodness, Ch. 4

G. Kerferd: “Protagoras' doctrine of justice and virtue in the Protagoras of Plato”, in The journal of Hellenic studies. ISSN: 0075-4269, 73

O. Bataban: "The Myths of Protagoras and Plato's Theory of Measurement", in History of Philosophy QuarterlyOCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 02/10/2020) 

A. Nehamas: "Meno's Paradox and Socrates as Teacher" esp. section 1, in J.M. Day (ed.), Plato's Meno in focus ISBN: 0415002982 (pbk); 0415002974 (also in Oxford studies in ancient philosophy. 1985)

A. Nehamas: "Socratic Intellectualism", in Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 2, 1986  

A. Rorty: "Commentary on A. Nehamas....Did Socrates teach Arete?", in Procs. of Boston Area Colloq. in Ancient Philosophy 2, 1986 

M. Nussbaum: "Aristophanes and Socrates on Learning Practical Wisdom", in Yale Classical Studies. 26, 1980

R. Kraut Socrates and the state ISBN: 0691022410 (pbk); 0691076669, pp 279 ff.

T. Irwin: Plato's moral theory : the early and middle dialogues ISBN: 019824567X; 0198246145 (pbk), Ch. 4

1c. Socrates' Moral Psychology.

Price, A. W. (2011) Virtue and reason in Plato and Aristotle ISBN: 9780199609611; 0199609616, OUP, ch. D1.

T. Penner: "Socrates on Virtue and Motivation", in Lee, Mourelatos, and Rorty (eds.), Exegesis and argument : studies in Greek philosophy presented to Gregory Vlastos ISBN: 9023210395

T. Penner “Socrates on the strength of knowledge: Protagoras 351B-357E”, in Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie. ISSN: 0003-9101; 1613-0650 79, 2 (1997) pp. 117-149..

G. Nakhnikian: "The First Socratic Paradox", in J.M. Day (Ed.), Plato's Meno in focus ISBN: 0415002982 (pbk); 0415002974 (and Journal of the history of philosophy. ISSN: 0022-5053, 11, 1973)

M. Nussbaum: The Fragility of Goodness, Ch. 4

G. Santas: "Plato's Protagoras and Explanation of Weakness" in Philosophical review. ISSN: 0031-8108, 75, 1966

T. Irwin: Plato's moral theory : the early and middle dialogues ISBN: 019824567X; 0198246145 (pbk), Ch.4

T. Irwin: Plato's Ethics, Ch. 6

Moss, J. (2014) ‘Hedonism and the Divided Soul in Plato’s Protagoras’, Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie. ISSN: 0003-9101; 1613-0650, vol. 96, no. 3.

G. Vlastos: “Socrates on Acrasia", in Phoenix. ISSN: 0031-8299 23, 1969

K. McTighe: "Socrates on Desire for the Good and the Involuntariness of Wrongdoing", in Phronesis. ISSN: 0031-8868 29, 1984

H.S.Richardson: "Measurement, Pleasure and Practical Science in Plato's Protagoras", in The Journal of History of Philosophy, 28, 1990 - Available online: https://muse.jhu.edu/article/226447/pdf

R. Weiss: "Ignorance, Involuntariness and Innocence; a reply to McTighe", in Phronesis. ISSN: 0031-8868, 30, 1985

D.J. Zeyl: "Socrates and Hedonism: Protagoras 351b-358d", in Phronesis. ISSN: 0031-8868 25, 1980

2. Plato's conception of human nature -- the tripartition of the soul

H. Lorenz The brute within : appetitive desire in Plato and Aristotle ISBN: 9780199561698 (pbk.); 0199290636 (alk. paper); 9780199290635 (alk. paper), OUP, 2006. Ch. 2  

C. Shields “Plato’s Divided Soul” in M. McPherran (ed.) Plato's Republic : a critical guide ISBN: 9780521491907 (hbk.); 0521491908 (hbk.),

J. Moss “Appearances and Calculations: Plato’s Division of the Soul,” Oxford studies in ancient philosophy. 34, 2008

Price, A. W. (2011) Virtue and reason in Plato and Aristotle ISBN: 9780199609611; 0199609616, OUP, ch. B1.

T. Irwin: Plato's Ethics, Ch. 13

J.M. Cooper: "Plato's theory of human motivation", in History of Philosophy Quarterly 1, 1985 (and in Fine, Plato ISBN: 0198752067 (v. 1); 0198752040 (v. 2) 2)

T. Penner: "Thought and Desire in Plato", in G. Vlastos (ed.), Plato : a collection of critical essays ISBN: 0268015295 (pbk.) (v.1); 0268015287 (v.1); 0268015309 (v.2); 0268015317 (pbk.) (v.2), Vol. 2

C. Kahn: "Plato's Theory of Desire", in Review of metaphysics. ISSN: 0034-6632, 44, 1987

3. Thrasymachus and Callicles: Attacks on the relation between virtue and happiness.

R. Barney “Callicles and Thrasymachus” http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/callicles-thrasymachus/

J. Annas: An introduction to Plato's Republic ISBN: 0198274289, Ch. 2

Wedgwood, R. (2017) ‘The Coherence of Thrasymachus’, Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, vol. 53, pp. 33–63.

T. Irwin: Plato's Ethics, Chs. 7-8, and 11

G. Santas: Socrates, philosophy in Plato's early dialogues ISBN: 9780710093271 (pbk); 0710093276 (pbk); 0710089996; 9780710089991 Ch. 8

S. Everson “The Incoherence of Thrasymachus” in Oxford studies in ancient philosophy. 16 (1998) - Available online: http://www.academia.edu/12890750/The_Incoherence_of_Thrasymachus

T.D. Chappell “The Virtues of Thrasymachus” in Phronesis. ISSN: 0031-8868 Vol 38, No 1, pp. 1-17 (1993)

T.D. Chappell “Thrasymachus and Definition” in Oxford studies in ancient philosophy. 18 (2000), pp. 101-107

R. Barney “Socrates’ Refutation of Thrasymachus” in Santas (ed.) The Blackwell guide to Plato's Republic ISBN: 9781405115643 (pbk. : alk. paper); 1405115637 (hbk. : alk. paper); 1405115645 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9781405115636 (hbk. : alk. paper).

T. Irwin: Plato's moral theory : the early and middle dialogues ISBN: 019824567X; 0198246145 (pbk), Chs. 5,3; and 7,2

R. Woolf “Callicles and Socrates: psychic (dis)harmony in the Gorgias”, Oxford studies in ancient philosophy. 18 (2000).

J. Doyle “The fundamental conflict in Plato’s Gorgias” Oxford studies in ancient philosophy. 30 (2006).

J. Doyle “Socrates and Gorgias” Phronesis. ISSN: 0031-8868 55 (1), 1-25 (2010)

R. Barney “Gorgias’ Defense” Southern journal of philosophy ISSN: 0038-4283 48 (1), 95-121 (2010)

4. Justice in Plato's Republic

RGK. Singpurwalla “Plato's Defense of Justice in the Republic”, in G.X. Santas (ed.), The Blackwell guide to Plato's Republic ISBN: 9781405115643 (pbk. : alk. paper); 1405115637 (hbk. : alk. paper); 1405115645 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9781405115636 (hbk. : alk. paper), Oxford: Blackwell, ch. 13, 2006 

R. Kamtekar “Ethics and Politics in Socrates’ defense of justice” in McPherran (ed.) Plato's Republic : a critical guide ISBN: 9780521491907 (hbk.); 0521491908 (hbk.), (2010).

J. Annas: An introduction to Plato's Republic ISBN: 0198274289, Chs.3,5,6,12

T. Irwin: Plato's Ethics, Chs. 14-15

R. Kraut: "Reason and Justice in Plato's Republic”, in Lee, Mourelatos, and Rorty (eds.), Exegesis and argument : studies in Greek philosophy presented to Gregory Vlastos ISBN: 9023210395

B. Williams: "The analogy of the city and the soul in Plato's Republic, also in Exegesis and argument : studies in Greek philosophy presented to Gregory Vlastos ISBN: 9023210395

G. Vlastos: "Justice and Happiness in the Republic", in his Platonic studies ISBN: 0691100217 (pbk); 0691071624

J. Cooper: "The Psychology of Justice in Plato", in American philosophical quarterly. ISSN: 0003-0481,14, 1977

F.C. White: "Justice and the Good of Others in Plato's Republic", in History of Philosophy Quarterly, 5, 1988 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 02/10/2020) 

G. Santas: "Two Theories of Good in Plato's Republic", in Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie. ISSN: 0003-9101; 1613-0650, 67, 1985

5. Individual and State, and the Role of Women in Plato's Republic.

E. Brown "Plato's Ethics and Politics in The Republic", Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Winter 2011 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2011/entries/plato-ethics-politics/

G. Fine: Plato ISBN: 0198752067 (v. 1); 0198752040 (v. 2) 2, Essays by Annas, Taylor, and Burnyeat.

J. Annas: An introduction to Plato's Republic ISBN: 0198274289, Ch. 7

P.L. Versenyi: "Plato and his Liberal Opponents", in Philosophy. ISSN: 0031-8191; 1469-817X, 46, 1971

G. Vlastos: “Was Plato a Feminist?”, in Times Literary Supplement, March 17-23, 1989 Available online 

K. Popper: The open society and its enemies, Vol 1

R. Bambrough (ed.) Plato, Popper and politics : some contributions to a modern controversy, Essays by Plamenatz, Russell, Ryle, and Unger,

G. Vlastos: "The Theory of Social Justice", in H. North (ed.), Interpretations of Plato : a Swarthmore symposium ISBN: 9004052623

J. Annas: “Plato’s Republic and Feminism”, in Philosophy., 51, 1976

S. Okin: "Philosopher Queens and Private Wives", in Philosophy & public affairs. ISSN: 0048-3915, 1977

G. Klosko: The Development of Plato's Political Theory, London: Methuen. Chapter 9

Schofield, M. (2006) Plato: political philosophy, Oxford, Oxford University Press. esp. ch5 on societal arrangements, and ch7 on the noble lie.

Topics on Aristotle

6. Eudaimonia, Human Flourishing

J. Annas The morality of happiness ISBN: 0195096525 (pbk); 019507999X , Ch.1

S. Broadie Ethics with Aristotle ISBN: 0195066014 (alk. paper) ch. 1.

Price, A. W. (2011) Virtue and reason in Plato and Aristotle ISBN: 9780199609611; 0199609616, Oxford, OUP. Ch. A2..

J.M. Cooper “Contemplation and Happiness: A Reconsideration", in Synthese. ISSN: 0039-7857, 1987

R. Heinaman "Eudaimonia and Self-sufficiency in the N.E.", in Phronesis. ISSN: 0031-8868, (33), 1988

A. Kenny “Happiness” in J. Feinberg (ed.) Moral concepts ISBN: 0198750129 (pbk)

R. Kraut “Two Conceptions of Happiness", in Philosophical review. ISSN: 0031-8108, 1979

S. White "Is Aristotelian Happiness a Good Life or the Best Life", in Oxford studies in ancient philosophy.., (8), 1990; and reply by Crisp, in Oxford studies in ancient philosophy., (10), 1992

A. Kenny "The Nicomachean Conception of Happiness", Oxford studies in ancient philosophy.. Supplementary Volume, 1991

A. Kenny Aristotle on the perfect life ISBN: 0198240171, esp. Chs. 1-3 and 8

G. Lawrence “Aristotle's Conception of Eudaimonia", in Philosophical review. ISSN: 0031-8108, 1992

T.D. Roche "Ergon and Eudaimonia in N.E. I: Reconsidering the Intellectualist Interpretation", in Journal of the history of philosophy. ISSN: 0022-5053, (26), 1988

7. Aristotle on Human nature -- a) The Function Argument

J. Whiting “Aristotle’s Function Argument: A Defense”, in Ancient philosophy. ISSN: 0740-2007, Vol. (8).1, pp. 33-48.

Hardie, Aristotle's ethical theory, Ch.5

S. Broadie Ethics with Aristotle ISBN: 0195066014 (alk. paper) pp. 34-50.

Baker, S. H. (2015) ‘The Concept of Ergon: Towards An Achievement Interpretation of Aristotle’s “Function Argument”’, Oxford studies in ancient philosophy., vol. 48, pp. 227–266.

J. McDowell Essay in Essays on Aristotle's Ethics

T. Irwin Essay in Essays on Aristotle's Ethics

J. Annas The morality of happiness ISBN: 0195096525 (pbk); 019507999X Chs. 3 and 4

J. Lear Aristotle : the desire to understand ISBN: 0521347629 (pbk); 0521345235, Ch.5.2

R. Kraut "The Peculiar Function of Human Beings", in Canadian journal of philosophy. ISSN: 0045-5091; 1911-0820, (9), 1979

T. Irwin Aristotle’s First Principles

M. Nussbaum “Aristotle on Human Nature and the Foundations of Ethics” in R. Harrison and J.E.J. Altham (Eds.) World, mind, and ethics : essays on the ethical philosophy of Bernard Williams ISBN: 0521479304

C. Reeve Practices of reason : Aristotle's Nicomachean ethics ISBN: 019823984X, section 22

8. Aristotle on the nature and acquisition of virtue

M. Hampson, (2020) ‘The Learner’s Motivation and the Structure of Habituation in Aristotle’, Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie. (N.B. this article is available online only - on the AGP journal website, go to "Issues" and look in "Ahead of print / just accepted" to find it.)  

M. Burnyeat “Aristotle on learning to be good in Essays on Aristotle's Ethics

J. Moss Aristotle on the apparent good : perception, phantasia, thought, and desire ISBN: 9780199656349 (hbk.) : £35.00; 0199656347 (hbk.) : £35.00 ch. 8.

M. Jimenez “Aristotle on Becoming Virtuous by Doing Virtuous Actions”, Phronesis. ISSN: 0031-8868 61.1, 3-32(2016). 

H. Curzer Aristotle and the virtues ISBN: 9780191629150 (e-book) (OUP: 2012) esp. chh 14-16.

Price, A. W. (2011) Virtue and reason in Plato and Aristotle ISBN: 9780199609611; 0199609616, OUP, ch. B2.

R. Hursthouse “Moral habituation” in Oxford studies in ancient philosophy. (6), 1988

Hardie, Aristotle's ethical theory, Chs. 6, 8, 9, 11.

J.Annas The morality of happiness ISBN: 0195096525 (pbk); 019507999X, Ch.2

J. Lear Aristotle : the desire to understand, Ch.5

I. Vasiliou “The role of good upbringing in Aristotle’s ethics” in Philosophy and phenomenological research. ISSN: 0031-8205, (56), 1996

Eric M Cave "Habituation & Rational Preference Revision", Dialogue: Canadian Philosophical Review vol xxxvii (2), Spring 1998 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 02/10/2020) 

On motivation and the nature of virtue:

J. McDowell "Virtue and Reason", The monist. ISSN: 0026-9662; 2153-3601, (62), 1979

C. Reeve Practices of reason : Aristotle's Nicomachean ethics ISBN: 019823984X, Ch.2

Essays by Ackrill, Irwin (ch.8), and Wiggins (ch.13) in Essays on Aristotle's Ethics

T. Irwin “Disunity in the Aristotelian virtues”, with discussion by Kraut, in Oxford studies in ancient philosophy. supplementary volume 1989

B. Williams “Acting as the virtuous person acts” in R. Heinaman (ed.) Aristotle and moral realism

On Aristotle's view of weakness of will:

Moss, J. (2009) ‘Akrasia and Perceptual Illusion’, Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie., vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 119–156.

Natali, C. (2009) Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, Book VII: Symposium Aristotelicum, Oxford University Press on Demand.

ISBN: 1857283392

9a. Virtue / Excellence: the doctrine of the mean and practical wisdom

L. Brown “Why is Aristotle’s Virtue of Character a Mean?”, in Polansky, R (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics ISBN: 9781139022484 (ebook); 9780521192767 (hardback); 9780521122733 (paperback), CUP, 2014. 

Price, A. W. (2011) Virtue and reason in Plato and Aristotle ISBN: 9780199609611; 0199609616, OUP, chh. B2, C2 and D2..

S. Broadie Ethics with Aristotle ISBN: 0195066014 (alk. paper) ch. 2.

J. Moss Aristotle on the apparent good : perception, phantasia, thought, and desire ISBN: 9780199656349 (hbk.) : £35.00; 0199656347 (hbk.) : £35.00 ch. 7.

R. Hursthouse “The central doctrine of the mean” in R. Kraut (ed.) The Blackwell guide to Aristotle's Nicomachean ethics ISBN: 1405120215 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9781405120203 (hardcover : alk. paper); 1405120207 (hardcover : alk. paper); 9781405120210 (pbk. : alk. paper).

H. Curzer Aristotle and the virtues ISBN: 9780191629150 (e-book) (OUP: 2012) esp. ch. 2.

Essays by Kosman, Urmson, Pears, and Sorabji in Essays on Aristotle's Ethics

L. Brown “What is ‘the mean relative to us’ in Aristotle’s Ethics?”, in Phronesis. ISSN: 0031-8868,(62), 1997

C.M. Young "Aristotle on Temperance", in Philosophical review. ISSN: 0031-8108, (97), 1988

R. Hursthouse "A False Doctrine of the Mean", in Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society. ISSN: 0066-7374, (81), 1980

D. Bostock Aristotle's ethics ISBN: 0198752652 (pbk) (OUP, 2000), ch. 2.

D.S. Hutchinson The virtues of Aristotle ISBN: 0710208588

S. Leighton "Aristotle's Courageous Passions", in Phronesis. ISSN: 0031-8868, (33), 1988

C. Reeve Practices of reason : Aristotle's Nicomachean ethics ISBN: 019823984X, ch.2

N. Sherman The fabric of character : Aristotle's theory of virtue.

ISBN: 0198244517

9b. Issues with particular virtues (courage, justice)

H. Curzer Aristotle and the virtues ISBN: 9780191629150 (e-book) (OUP: 2012) esp. ch. 11.

Essay by Williams in Essays on Aristotle's Ethics

Essays by Keyt (ch.11) and Miller in A companion to Aristotle's Politics ISBN: 155786098X

B. Baumrin “Two Concepts of Justice", in Midwest studies in philosophy. ISSN: 0363-6550, (7), 1982

N. Dent The moral psychology of the virtues ISBN: 0521257263

W.Kullman "Equality in Aristotle's Political Thought", in I. Kajanto (ed.) Equality and inequality of man in ancient thought : papers read at the colloquium in connection with the Assemblée générale of the Fédération internationale det [sic] études classiques held in Helsinki in August, 1982 ISBN: 9516531202

W. Von Leyden Aristotle on equality and justice : his political argument ISBN: 0333385152

F. Rosen "The Political Context of Aristotle's Categories of Justice", Phronesis. ISSN: 0031-8868, (20), 1975

F. Wolff “Justice et Pouvoir", in Phronesis. ISSN: 0031-8868 (33), 1988

10. Aristotle's Politics on the good society, humans as political animals, etc.

Aristotle The politics ISBN: 0521357314 (pbk ; cased) : £4.95. Books I-III and VI-VIII, introduction by Everson

R. Kraut “Nature in Aristotle’s Ethics and Politics”, Social philosophy and policy. ISSN: 0265-0525; 1471-6437 2007.

Frede, D. (2018) ‘Equal But Not Equal: Plato and Aristotle on Women as Citizens’, in Anagnostopoulos, G. and Santas, G. (eds), Democracy, Justice, and Equality in Ancient Greece: Historical and Philosophical Perspectives, Philosophical Studies Series, Cham, Springer International Publishing, pp. 287–306 [Online]. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-96313-6_13.

Essays by Bradley and Depew in A companion to Aristotle's Politics ISBN: 155786098X

J. Annas “The Good Life and the Good Lives of Others” in E. Paul, F.D. Miller, and J. Paul (eds.), The good life and the human good ISBN: 0521437598 (pbk.)

J. Barnes, et al. Articles on Aristotle. 2, Ethics and politics ISBN: 0715609300; 0715609297,

M. Nussbaum Oxford studies in ancient philosophy. Supplementary Volume, 1988

R. Kraut Aristotle's Politics : critical essays ISBN: 9780742534247 (pbk.); 0742534235 (hbk.); 0742534243 (pbk.), Books VII and VIII (Transl with Introduction and Commentary)

D.J. Allan “Individual and State in the Ethics and Politics", in Fondation Hardt, Entretiens sur l'Antiquite Classique IX, La Politique d'Aristote 

R. Develin "The Good Man and the Good Citizen", in Phronesis. ISSN: 0031-8868, (18), 1973

G. Huxley “On Aristotle's Best State", in P. Cartledge and F. Harvey (eds.) Crux : essays in Greek history presented to G.E.M. de Ste. Croix on his 75th birthday

ISBN: 0715620924

C. Johnson "Who is Aristotle's Citizen", in Phronesis. ISSN: 0031-8868, (29), 1984

G. Patzig (ed.) XI Symposium Aristotelicum: Studien zur Politik des Aristoteles (most of the articles are in English) - Available online: http://digi20.digitale-sammlungen.de/en/fs1/object/display/bsb00044684_00001.html

T. Saunders Aristotle’s Politics / Aristotle. Books 1 and 2 ISBN: 019824892X (acid-free paper); 0198248946 (pbk. : acid-free paper), (Translated with Introduction and Commentary)

Essays by Adkins, Kullman, and Keyt (ch.5) (the best is Kullman's essay) in CAP.

F.D. Miller "Aristotle's Political Naturalism", in Apeiron (Montreal): studies in infinite nature ISSN: 0843-6061, (22), 1989

J. Ferguson "Teleology in Aristotle's Politics", in A. Gotthelf, (ed.), Aristotle on nature and living things : philosophical and historical studies : presented to David M. Balme on his seventieth birthday ISBN: 0935225005 : $32.50; 0862921333 (Bristol Classical Press)

W. Ambler "Aristotle's Understanding of the Naturalness of the City", in The review of politics. ISSN: 0034-6705; 1748-6858, (47), 1985

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Plato:

R. Sharples: Plato Meno ISBN: 0856682497 (pbk) : £6.95; 0856682489

D. Scott Plato's Meno ISBN: 9780521104685; 0521640334 (hbk.) : £40.00; 9780521640336

C.C.W. Taylor: Protagoras

T. Irwin: Gorgias ISBN: 0198720912; 0198720874

E.R. Dodds: Gorgias

J. Annas: An introduction to Plato's Republic ISBN: 0198274289

J.M. Day: Plato's Meno in focus

Aristotle:

Taylor, C. C. W. (2006) Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics Books II-IV: Translated with an introduction and commentary, Oxford : OUP.

Pakaluk, M. (ed.) (1999) Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics: Books VIII and IX;Translated with an introduction and commentary, Oxford : OUP.

T. J. Saunders (1995) Politics: Books I and II;Translated with an introduction and commentary, Oxford : OUP.

Keyt, D. and Ackrill, J. L. (1999) Politics: Books V and VI;Translated with an introduction and commentary, Oxford : OUP.

Kraut, R. (1997) Politics: Books VII and VIII;Translated with an introduction and commentary, Oxford : OUP.

Some monographs are so comprehensive in their treatment of the text that they function in effect as commentaries:

S. Broadie Ethics with Aristotle

W.D. Hardie, Aristotle's Ethical Theory 

D. Bostock, Aristotle's ethics

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Socrates and Plato:

T. Irwin: Plato’s Ethics (hereafter PE): This is the main secondary text.

T. Irwin: Classical thought ISBN: 0192891774 (pbk) : No price; 0192191969

W.K.C. Guthrie: A History of Greek Philosophy, Vols. 3 & 4

R. Kraut: The Cambridge companion to Plato

G. Santas: Socrates, philosophy in Plato's early dialogues ISBN: 9780710093271 (pbk); 0710093276 (pbk); 0710089996; 9780710089991

G. Fine: Plato ISBN: 0198752067 (v. 1); 0198752040 (v. 2) 2: Ethics, Politics, Religion, and the Soul (An excellent new collection with a number of relevant articles.)

G. Santas (ed.) The Blackwell guide to Plato's Republic ISBN: 9781405115643 (pbk. : alk. paper); 1405115637 (hbk. : alk. paper); 1405115645 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9781405115636 (hbk. : alk. paper)

G.R.F. Ferrari The Cambridge Companion to Plato’s Republic

H.H. Benson A companion to Plato

Aristotle:

A.O. Rorty (ed.), Essays on Aristotle's Ethics ,

R. Kraut (ed.) The Blackwell guide to Aristotle's Nicomachean ethics ISBN: 1405120215 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9781405120203 (hardcover : alk. paper); 1405120207 (hardcover : alk. paper); 9781405120210 (pbk. : alk. paper)

R. Polansky (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics ISBN: 9781139022484 (ebook); 9780521192767 (hardback); 9780521122733 (paperback)

S. Broadie Ethics with Aristotle ISBN: 0195066014 (alk. paper)

J.M. Cooper Reason and human good in Aristotle ISBN: 0872200221

W.D. Hardie, Aristotle's Ethical Theory 

D. Bostock, Aristotle's ethics ISBN: 0198752652 (pbk)

D. Keyt and F Miller (eds), A companion to Aristotle's Politics 

J. Ackrill Aristotle the philosopher ISBN: 0192891189 (pbk) : Unpriced; 0192191314

J. Annas The morality of happiness 

J. Barnes Aristotle ISBN: 0192875817 (pbk) : £1.50; 0192875825 (O.U.P. Past Masters / Aristotle : a very short introduction ISBN: 0192854089.)

J. Barnes (ed.) The Cambridge companion to Aristotle ISBN: 0521422949 (pbk); 0521411335

J. Barnes, Articles on Aristotle. 2, Ethics and politics ISBN: 0715609300; 0715609297,  

T. Irwin Classical thought ISBN: 0192891774 (pbk) : No price; 0192191969

T. Irwin Aristotle’s First Principles

J. Lear Aristotle : the desire to understand

J.O. Urmson Aristotle's ethics ISBN: 0631159460

A. Kenny Aristotle on the perfect life ISBN: 0198240171

R. Kraut Aristotle on the human good ISBN: 069107349X (alk. paper) : 37.50

M. Nussbaum The Fragility of Goodness

C.D.C. Reeve Practices of reason : Aristotle's Nicomachean ethics ISBN: 019823984X

N. Sherman The fabric of character : Aristotle's theory of virtue. ISBN: 0198244517

R. Heinaman (ed.) Aristotle and moral realism ISBN: 1857283392

J. Moss Aristotle on the apparent good : perception, phantasia, thought, and desire ISBN: 9780199656349 (hbk.) : £35.00; 0199656347 (hbk.) : £35.00

T. Irwin The Development of Ethics, Volume 1

Updated: J Dow (2021), CB Megone (2020), J Dow (2017).

This list was last updated on 26/11/2021