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MEDV3610
Module Reading List

The Age of Chivalry: The Idea of Knighthood in Medieval Europe, 1050-1450, 2021/22, Semester 2
Dr Alan V Murray
a.v.murray@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Bibliography Structure by Sections

  1. Primary Texts
  2. General Works on Chivalry
  3. General Reference (including Online Resources)
  4. Knights as Social Group(s)
  5. Warfare, Arms and Armour
  6. Tournaments
  7. Heraldry
  8. Family Relationships
  9. Arthurian Literature
  10. The Hundred Years’ War, Boucicaut and Froissart

 

  1. Primary Texts

The Chivalric Biography of Boucicaut, Jean II Le Meingre, trans. Craig Taylor and Jane H. M. Taylor (Woodbridge : Boydell, 2016)  

The Chronicles of Jean Le Bel, 1290-1360, trans. Nigel Bryant (Woodbridge : Boydell, 2011)  

Jean Froissart, Chronicles, trans. Geoffrey Brereton (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1968). In Penguin Classics series, available in print or as ebook. For purchasing options, see https://www.penguin.co.uk/authors/11311/jean-froissart.html  

Konrad von Würzburg, Heinrich von Kempten, trans. Alan V. Murray (Minerva) 

Konrad von Würzburg, The World’s Reward, trans. Alan V. Murray (Minerva) 

Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart, by Chrétien de Troyes, trans. W. W. Comfort (Minerva) 

The Tournament at Lagny-sur-Marne (handout)

  1. General Works

Barber, Richard, The Knight and Chivalry (1995)

Borst, Arno, ‘Knighthood in the High Middle Ages: Ideal and Reality’, in Lordship and Community in Medieval Europe, ed. Frederic L. Cheyette (New York, 1968), pp. 180-91

Bumke, Joachim, Courtly Culture (Berkeley, 1991)   

Bumke, Joachim, The Concept of Knighthood in the Middle Ages (New York, 1982)

A Companion to Chivalry, ed. Robert W. Jones and Peter Coss (Woodbridge, 2019)  

Coss, Peter, ‘The Origins and Diffusion of Chivalry’, in A Companion to Chivalry, ed. Robert W. Jones and Peter Coss (Woodbridge, 2019), pp. 7-38

Duby, Georges, The Chivalrous Society (Berkeley, 1980)

Duby, Georges, The Three Orders: Feudal Society Imagined (Chicago, 1980)

Guard, Timothy, Chivalry, Kingship and Crusade: The English Experience in the Fourteenth Century (Woodbridge, 2013)

The Ideals and Practice of Medieval Knighthood III, ed. Christopher Harper-Bill and Ruth Harvey (Woodbridge, 1990)

The Ideals and Practice of Medieval Knighthood, ed. Christopher Harper-Bill and Ruth Harvey (Woodbridge, 1986)

Kaeuper, Richard W., Chivalry and Violence in Medieval Europe (Oxford, 1999)

Kaeuper, Richard W., Medieval Chivalry (Cambridge, 2016)

Keen, Maurice, Chivalry (New Haven, 2005)

Medieval Warfare: A History, ed. Maurice Keen (Oxford, 1999)

Vale, Malcolm, War and Chivalry: Warfare and Aristocratic Culture in England, France and Burgundy at the End of the Middle Ages (London, 1981)

  1. General Reference (including Online resources)

Dress, Jewels, Arms and Coat of Arms: Material Culture and Self-Representation in the Late Middle Ages: http://web.ceu.hu/medstud/manual/SRM/index.htm

[see in particular the sections by Russell Mitchell on Arms and Armour and Vladimir Baranov on Heraldry]

Medieval Warfare Online: Internet Resources for the Study of Medieval Military History: http://deremilitari.org

[includes numerous primary sources in translation plus texts of many relevant articles: these are indicated below with the abbreviation DRM. This is a resourcewhich is well worth exploring]

JSTOR: The Scholarly Journals Archive http://www.jstor.org/

[full texts of some periodicals, including Speculum for 1926-2004]

 4. Knights as Social Group(s)

 Arnold, Benjamin, German Knighthood 1050-1300 (Oxford, 1985)

 Arnold, Benjamin, ‘German Bishops and Their Military Retinues in the Medieval Empire’, German History, 7 (1989), 161-83 (also on DRM website)

 Arnold, Benjamin, ‘Servile Retainers or Noble Knights: the Medieval Ministeriales in Germany’, Reading Medieval Studies, 12 (1986), 73-84

 Arnold, Benjamin, ‘Instruments of Power: The Profile and Profession of ministeriales within German Aristocratic Society (1050-1225)’, in Cultures of Power: Lordship, Status, and Process in Twelfth-Century Europe, ed. Thomas N. Bisson (Philadelphia, 1995), pp. 36-55

Barthélemy, Dominique, ‘Castles, Barons, and Vavassors in the Vendomois and Neighboring Regions in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries’, in Cultures of Power: Lordship, Status, and Process in Twelfth-Century Europe, ed. Thomas N. Bisson (Philadelphia, 1995), pp. 56-68

Bennett, Matthew, ‘The Status of the Squire: The Northern Evidence’, in The Ideals and Practice of Medieval Knighthood, ed. Christopher Harper-Bill and Ruth Harvey (Woodbridge, 1986), pp. 1-11

Bosl, Karl, ‘Noble Unfreedom: The Rise of the Ministeriales in Germany’, in The Medieval Nobility, ed. Timothy Reuter (Amsterdam, 1979), pp. 291-311

Brown, R. Allen, ‘The Status of the Norman Knight’, in War and Government in the Middle Ages, ed. John Gillingham and J.C. Holt (Woodbridge, 1984), pp. 18-32  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Creighton, Oliver, ‘Constructing Chivalric Landscapes: Aristocratic Spaces between Image and Reality’, in A Companion to Chivalry, ed. Robert W. Jones and Peter Coss (Woodbridge, 2019), pp. 187-218

Crouch, David, William Marshal: Court, Career and Chivalry in the Angevin Empire (Harlow, 1990)

Duby, Georges, ‘Youth in Aristocratic Society’, in Duby, Chivalrous Society, pp. 112-22. Different translation in Lordship and Community, ed. F.L. Cheyette (New York, 1968), pp. 198-209  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Duby, Georges, ‘The Origins of Knighthood’, in Duby, Chivalrous Society, pp. 158-70

Duby, Georges, ‘The Nobility in Eleventh and Twelfth-Century Maconnais’, in Lordship and Community, ed. F.L. Cheyette (New York, 1968), pp. 137-55

Evergates, Theodore, ‘Nobles and Knights in Twelfth-Century France’, in Cultures of Power: Lordship, Status, and Process in Twelfth-Century Europe, ed. Thomas N. Bisson (Philadelphia, 1995), pp. 11-35

Freed, John B., ‘The Counts of Falkenstein: Noble Self-Consciousness in Twelfth-Century Germany’, Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, 74 (1984), 45-67 [also JSTOR]

Freed, John B., ‘The Formation of the Salzburg Ministerialage in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries: An Example of Upward Social Mobility in the Early Middle Ages’, Viator, 9 (1979), 67-102

Freed, John B., Noble Bondsmen: Ministerial Marriages in the Archdiocese of Salzburg, 1100-1343 (Ithaca, 1995)

Freed, John B., ‘Nobles, Ministerials and Knights in the Archdiocese of Salzburg’, Speculum, 63 (1987), 575-611 [also JSTOR]

Freed, John B., ‘The Origins of the European Nobility: The Problem of the Ministerials’, Viator, 7 (1976), 211-41

Hass, Jeffrey D., ‘The Development of the Dubbing Ceremony’, Michigan Academician 1996, 123-34

Hunt, Tony, ‘The Emergence of the Knight in France and England’, 1000-1200’, in Forum for Modern Language Studies 17 (1981), pp. 93-114   

Jackson, William Henry, ‘Knighthood and the Hohenstaufen Imperial Court under Frederick Barbarossa (1152-1190)’, in The Ideals and Practice of Medieval Knighthood III, ed. Christopher Harper-Bill and Ruth Harvey (Woodbridge, 1990), pp. 101-20

Keen, Maurice, ‘Chivalry, Nobility and the Man at Arms’, in War, Literature and Politics in the Late Middle Ages, ed. Christopher T. Allmand (Liverpool, 1976), pp. 32-45

Leyser, Karl, ‘Early Medieval Canon Law and the Beginnings of Knighthood’, in Institutionen, Kultur und Gesellschaft im Mittelalter, ed. Lutz Fenske, Werner Rösener and Thomas Zotz (Göttingen, 1984), pp. 549-66

Lyons, Jonathan, ‘Fathers and Sons: Preparing Noble Youths to be Lords in Twelfth-Century Germany’, Journal of Medieval History 34 (2008), 291-308

Mortimer, Richard, ‘Knights and Knighthood in Germany in the Central Middle Ages’, in The Ideals and Practice of Medieval Knighthood, ed. Christopher Harper-Bill and Ruth Harvey (Woodbridge, 1986), pp. 86-103

Simpkin, David, ‘The Organisation of Chivalric Society’, in A Companion to Chivalry, ed. Robert W. Jones and Peter Coss (Woodbridge, 2019), pp. 39-56

Sposato, Peter, and Samuel Claussen, ‘Chivalric Violence’, in A Companion to Chivalry, ed. Robert W. Jones and Peter Coss (Woodbridge, 2019), pp. 99-118

  1. Warfare, Arms and Armour, and Horses

Bachrach, Bernard, ‘Caballus et Caballarius in Medieval Warfare’ (on DRM website)

Bennett, Matthew, ‘The Medieval Warhorse Reconsidered’, in Medieval Knighthood V, ed. Stephen Church and Ruth Harvey (Woodbridge, 1995), pp. 19-40.

Bennet, Matthew, ‘The Myth of Military Supremacy of the Knightly Cavalry’, in Armies, Chivalry and Warfare, ed. Matthew J. Strickland (Stamford, 1998), pp. 304-316.

Contamine, Philippe, War in the Middle Ages (Oxford, 1984)

Davis, R. H. C., The Medieval Warhorse: Origin, Development and Redevelopment (London, 1989)

DeVries, Kelly, Infantry Warfare in the Early Fourteenth Century (Woodbridge, 1996)

Gillingham, John, ‘1066 and the Introduction of Chivalry into England’, in Law and Government in Medieval England and Normandy, ed. George Garnett and John Hudson (Cambridge, 1994), pp. 31-55

Gillingham, John, ‘Conquering the Barbarians’, Haskins Society Journal, 4 (1992), 74-84

Gillingham, John, ‘War and Chivalry in the History of William the Marshal’, Thirteenth-Century England, 2 (1988), 251-63. (also on DRM website) Available Online Here

Gillmor, Carroll, ‘Practical Chivalry: The Training of Horses for Tournaments and Warfare’, Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History, n.s. 13 (1992), 5-29 (also on DRM website)

Hyland, Ann, The Horse in the Middle Ages (Stroud, 1999)

Jones, Robert W., Bloodied Banners: Martial Display on the Medieval Battlefield (Woodbridge, Suffolk, 2010)

Jones, Robert W., ‘Marshalling the Chivalric Elite for War’, in A Companion to Chivalry, ed. Robert W. Jones and Peter Coss (Woodbridge, 2019), pp. 85-98

Keen, Maurice, ‘The Laws of War in the Late Middle Ages’, in Lordship and Community, ed. F.L. Cheyette (New York, 1968), pp. 210-16

Medieval Warfare: A History, ed. Maurice Keen (Oxford, 1999)

Medieval Warfare 1000-1300, ed. John France (Aldershot, 2006)

Moffat, Ralph, ‘Arms and Armour’, in A Companion to Chivalry, ed. Robert W. Jones and Peter Coss (Woodbridge, 2019), pp. 158–85

Nicholson, Helen, Medieval Warfare: Theory and Practice of War in Europe 300-1500 (Basingstoke, 2004)

Peirce, Ian, ‘The Knight, his Arms and Armour in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries’, in The Ideals and Practice of Medieval Knighthood, ed. Christopher Harper-Bill and Ruth Harvey (Woodbridge, 1986), pp. 152-64

Peirce, Ian, ‘The Knight, His Arms and Armour, c.1150-1250’, in Anglo-Norman Studies, XV, ed. Marjorie Chibnall (Woodbridge, 1993), pp. 251-74  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Prestwich, Michael, ‘Miles in armis strenuus: The Knight at War’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 6 (1995), 201-20

Prestwich, Michael, 'Big and Beautiful. Destriers in Edward I's Armies', in Military Communities in Late Medieval England: Essays in Honour of Andrew Ayton, ed. Gary Baker, Craig Lambert and David Simpkin (Woodbridge, 2018), 1-14

Strickland, Matthew, ‘Killing or Clemency? Ransom, Chivalry and Changing Attitudes to Defeated Opponents in Britain and Northern France, 7-12th Centuries’

http://deremilitari.org/2014/07/killing-or-clemency-ransom-chivalry-and-changing-attitudes-to-defeated-opponents-in-britain-and-northern-france-7-12th-centuries/

Verbruggen, J.F., The Art of Warfare in Western Europe during the Middle Ages (Woodbridge, 1997)

  1. Tournaments

Anglo, Sydney, ‘How to Win at Tournaments: The Technique of Chivalric Combat’, Antiquaries Journal, 68 (1988), 248-64   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Barber Richard, ‘Chivalry in the Tournament and Pas d’Armes’, in A Companion to Chivalry, ed. Robert W. Jones and Peter Coss (Woodbridge, 2019), pp. 119-38

Barber, Richard and Barker, Juliet, Tournaments: Jousts, Chivalry and Pageants in the Middle Ages (Cambridge, 1989)

Barker, Juliet, and Maurice Keen, ‘The Medieval English Kings and the Tournament’, in Das ritterliche Turnier im Mittelalter, ed. Josef Fleckenstein (Göttingen, 1985), pp. 212-28  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Beswick, James, ‘Richard II of England and the Smithfield Tournament of October 1390: An Instrument to Establish Royal Authority’, in The Medieval Tournament as Spectacle: Tourneys, Jousts and Pas d’Armes, ed. Alan V. Murray and Karen Watts (Woodbridge, 2020), pp. 62-76.

Bousmar, Eric, ‘Jousting at the Court of Burgundy. The Pas d’armes: Shifts in Scenario, Location and Recruitment’, in Staging the Court of Burgundy, ed. Wim Blockmans et al. (Turnhout, 2013), pp. 75-84   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Cline, R.H., ‘The Influence of Romances on Tournaments of the Middle Ages’, Speculum, 20 (1945), 204-11 [also JSTOR]

Crouch, David, Tournament (London, 2005)

Denholm-Young, N., ‘The Tournament in the Thirteenth Century’, in Studies in Medieval History Presented to F.M. Powicke, ed. R.W. Hunt et al. (Oxford, 1948), pp. 240-68

Edington, Carol, ‘The Tournament in Medieval Scotland’, in Armies, Chivalry and Warfare in Medieval Britain and France: Proceedings of the 1995 Harlaxton Symposium., ed. Matthew Strickland (Woodbridge, 1998), pp. 46-62.   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Gillmor, Carroll, ‘Practical Chivalry: The Training of Horses for Tournaments and Warfare’, Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History, n.s. 13 (1992), 5-29  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 04/02/2022) 

Jackson, William Henry, ‘Tournaments and the German Chivalric Renovatio: Tournament Discipline and the Myth of Origins, in Chivalry in the Renaissance, ed. Sydney Anglo (Woodbridge, 1990), pp. 77-91   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Lindenbaum, Sheila, ‘The Smithfield Tournament of 1390’, Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 20 (1990), 1-20   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Murray, Alan V., ‘Tourney, Joust, Foreis and Round Table: Tournament Forms in the Frauendienst of Ulrich von Liechtenstein’, in Pleasure and Leisure in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Age: Cultural-Historical Perspectives on Toys, Games, and Entertainment, ed. Albrecht Classen (Berlin, 2019), pp. 365-94. [Minerva]

Murray, Alan V., ‘Now Form Up Close Together!’ Tactics and Ethos of the Tourney in Early German Sources (Twelfth to Thirteenth Centuries), in The Medieval Tournament as Spectacle: Tourneys, Jousts and Pas d’Armes, ed. Alan V. Murray and Karen Watts (Woodbridge, 2020), pp. 21-43.

Sandoz, E., ‘Tourneys in the Arthurian Tradition’, Speculum 19 (1944), 389-420 [BL and JSTOR]

Titterton, James, ‘Por pris et por enor. Ideas of Honour as Reflected in the Medieval Tournament’, in The Medieval Tournament as Spectacle: Tourneys, Jousts and Pas d’Armes, ed. Alan V. Murray and Karen Watts (Woodbridge, 2020), pp. 44-61.

  1. Heraldry

(a) Blazonry and Reference

Boutell, Charles, Boutell’s Heraldry, rev. J. Brooke-Little (London, 1973)

Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles, A Complete Guide to Heraldry (London, 1969)

Grant, Francis J., The Manual of Heraldry (Edinburgh, 1952)

(b) Specific Studies

Ailes, Adrian, ‘Heraldry in Twelfth-Century England: The Evidence’, in England in the Twelfth Century: Proceedings of the 1988 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. D. Williams (Woodbridge, 1990), pp. 1-16  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Ailes, Adrian, ‘The Knight, Heraldry and Armour: The Role of Recognition and the Origins of Heraldry’, in Medieval Knighthood IV, ed. Christopher Harper-Bill and Ruth Harvey (Woodbridge, 1992), pp. 1-22  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Ailes, Adrian, ‘Heraldry in Medieval England: Symbols of Politics and Propaganda’, in Heraldry, Pageantry and Social Display in Medieval England, ed. Peter Coss and Maurice Keen (Woodbridge, 2002), pp. 83-104   

Cannan, Fergus, ‘The Myths of Medieval Heraldry’, Nottingham Medieval Studies 47 (2003), 198-216   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

 Cherry, John, ‘Heraldry as Decoration in the Thirteenth Century’, in England in the Thirteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1989 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. W. Mark Ormrod (Stamford, 1991), pp. 123-34 [BL]   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

 Crouch, David, ‘The Historian, Lineage and Heraldry, 1050-1250’, in Heraldry, Pageantry and Social Display in Medieval England, ed. Peter Coss and Maurice Keen (Woodbridge, 2002), pp. 17-38

 Hiltmann, Torsten, ‘Potentialities and Limitations of Medieval Armorials as Historical Source [sic]: The Representation of Hierarchy and Princely Rank in Late Medieval Collections of Arms in France and Germany’, in Princely Rank in Late Medieval Europe: Trodden Paths and Promising Avenues, ed. Thorsten Huthwelker, Jörg Peltzer and Maximilian Wemhöner (Ostfildern, 2011), pp. 158-98

Jones, Robert, ‘Heraldry and Heralds’, in A Companion to Chivalry, ed. Robert W. Jones and Peter Coss (Woodbridge, 2019), pp. 139-57

Jones, Robert, ‘Identifying the Warrior on the Pre-Heraldic Battlefield’, in Anglo-Norman Studies, XXX: Proceedings of the Battle Conference, ed. C.P. Lewis (Woodbridge, Suffolk, 2008), pp. 154-67

Shenton, Caroline, ‘Edward III and the Symbol of the Leopard’, in Heraldry, Pageantry and Social Display in Medieval England, ed. Peter Coss and Maurice Keen (Woodbridge, 2002), pp. 69-82

  1. Family Relationships (including Love and Marriage)

Brooke, Christopher N.L., The Medieval Idea of Marriage (Oxford, 1989)

Cartlidge, Neil, Medieval Marriage: Literary Approaches, 1100-1300 (Cambridge, 1997)

D’Avray, David L., Medieval Marriage: Symbolism and Society (Oxford, 2005)

Duby, Georges, ‘Youth in Aristocratic Society’, in Duby, The Chivalrous Society (1977), pp. 112-22

Duby, Georges, The Knight, the Lady and the Priest: The Making of Modern Marriage in Medieval France (Chicago, 1993)

Duby, Georges, Medieval Marriage: Two Models From Twelfth-Century France (Baltimore, 1978)

Wilkinson, Louise, ‘Gendered Chivalry’, in A Companion to Chivalry, ed. Robert W. Jones and Peter Coss (Woodbridge, 2019), pp. 219-40

  1. Arthurian Literature

Barber, Richard, The Holy Grail: Imagination and Belief (Cambridge, Mass., 2004)

Bellis, Joanna, and Megan G. Leitch, ‘Chivalric Literature’, in A Companion to Chivalry, ed. Robert W. Jones and Peter Coss (Woodbridge, 2019), pp. 241-62

Benson, Larry D., and John Leyerle, Chivalric Literature: Essays on Relations between Literature and Life in the Later Middle Ages (Kalamazoo, 1980)

A Companion to Chrétien de Troyes, ed. Norris Lacy and Joan Tasker Grimbert (Camridge, 2005)

Fowler, David C., ‘Love in Chrétien’s Lancelot’, Romanic Review, 63 (1972), 5-14  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 04/02/2022) 

Hult, David F., ‘Lancelot’s Shame’, Romance Philology, 42 (1988), 30-50   

Lancelot and Guinevere: A Casebook, ed. Lori J. Walters (New York, 1996)

Morgan, Gerald, ‘The Conflict of Love and Chivalry in Le Chevalier de la Charrete’, Romania, 102 (1981), 172-201   

Schmolke-Hasselmann, Beate, The Evolution of Arthurian Romance: The Verse Tradition from Chrétien to Froissart (Cambridge, 1998)

 Zaddy, Zara P., ‘The Structure of the Charrette’, in Zara P. Zaddy, Chrétien Studies (Glasgow, 1973), pp. 110-58.

  1. The Hundred Years’ War, Boucicaut and Froissart

 Ainsworth, Peter J., Jean Froissart and the Fabric of History: Truth, Myth and Fiction in the Chroniques (Oxford, 1990).

 Arms, Armies and Fortifications in the Hundred Years’ War, ed. Anne Curry and Michael Hughes (Woodbridge, 1994).

 The Battle of Crécy, 1346, ed. Andrew Ayton and Philip Preston (Woodbridge, 2005)

 Bell, Adrian, and Anne Curry, The Soldier Experience in the Fourteenth Century (Woodbridge, 2011)

 Carr, A.D., ‘War in Fourteenth-Century Europe’, in Power, Violence and Mass Death in Pre-Modern and Modern Times, ed. Joseph Canning, Hartmut Lehmann and Jay Winter (Aldershot, 2004), pp. 67-89.

 Curry, Anne, Agincourt (2015)

 Curry, Anne, The Battle of Agincourt: Sources and Interpretations (2000)

 Curry, Anne, ‘France and the Hundred Years’ War’, in France in the Later Middle Ages, 1200-1500. ed. David Potter (Oxford, 2002), 90-116.

 Curry, Anne, The Hundred Years’ War, 1337-1453 (New York, 2003)

 Frame, Robin, ‘Kingdoms and Dominions at Peace and War’, in The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries, ed. Ralph Griffiths (Oxford, 2003), pp. 149-80.

 Housley, Norman, ‘One Man and his Wars: The Depiction of Warfare by Marshal Boucicaut's Biographer’, Journal of Medieval History 29 (2003) 27-40   

 Kennedy, Elspeth, ‘Geoffroi de Charny’s Livre de Chevalerie and the Knights of the Round Table’, in Medieval Knighthood V, ed. Stephen Church and Ruth Harvey (Woodbridge, 1995), pp. 221-42

 King, Andy, ‘“Then a great misfortune befell them”: The laws of war on surrender and the killing of prisoners on the battlefield in the Hundred Years War’, Journal of Medieval History 43 (2017), 106-17   

 Palmer, J.J.N., Froissart: Historian (Woodbridge, 1981)

 Rogers, Clifford, ‘The Age of the Hundred Years’ War’, in Medieval Warfare: A History, ed. Maurice Keen (Oxford, 1999), pp. 136-160.

 Rogers, Clifford, The Military Revolutions of the Hundred Years War

http://deremilitari.org/2014/06/the-military-revolutions-of-the-hundred-years-war/

 Taylor, Craig, Chivalry and the Ideals of Knighthood in France during the Hundred Years War (Cambridge, 2013)

 Taylor, Craig, ‘Henry V, Flower of Chivalry’, in Henry V: New Interpretations, ed. Gwilym Dodd (York, 2013), pp. 217-47

 Taylor, Craig, A Virtuous Knight: Defending Marshal Boucicaut (Jean II Le Meingre, 1366-1421) (Woodbridge, 2019)  

 Vale, Malcolm, ‘New Techniques and Old Ideals: The Impact of Artillery on War and Chivalry at the End of the Hundred Years’ War’, in War, Literature and Politics in the Late Middle Ages, ed. Christopher T. Allmand (Liverpool, 1976), pp. 57-72

This list was last updated on 03/02/2022