Skip to main content

Reading List Ethnicity and Popular Culture 2019-20

Ethnicity and Popular Culture, 2021/22, Semester 1
Dr Yasmin Hussain
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Week 1 - Ideology

Essential reading

Hall, S (1980); Culture, media, language, Unwin Hyman, London – Chapter 10, Encoding/Decoding  

Further reading

Benshoff & Griffin (2009), America on Film: Representing Race, Class, Gender and Sexuality at the movies.

Bogle, D. (1994). Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies, & Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films. 3rd ed. New York: Continuum.

Dyer, R. (1997). White. London: Routledge.

Hebdige, D. Subculture, the meaning of style, London, Methuen, 1979.

Strinati, D (1995), An Introduction to Theories of Popular Culture, Routledge, London. chap. 4.

Weedon, C. (2004) Identity and Culture; Narratives of Difference and Belonging; introduction, chap 1

Yancy, G. (2008) Black bodies, white gazes: The continuing significance of race. Lanham, MD, United States: The Rowman & Littlefield

Publishing Group.

Yancy, G; Ryser, TA. 2008. Whiting Up and Blacking Out: White Privilege, Race, and "White Chicks". The Free Library [Online] . Available online

Top of page

Week 2 - Comics and the Other

Essential readings

Singer, M. 2002. "Black Skins" and White Masks: Comic Books and the Secret of Race, African American Review, Vol. 36, No. 1, pp. 107-119  

Further reading

Ackerman, S. 2011. Frank Miller's Holy Terror Is Fodder for Anti-Islam Set [Online] Available on:

Howard, S and Jackson, R (eds.). 2013. Black Comics: Politics of Race and Representation. Bloomsbury

Trattner, C. 2016. Ms. Marvel: Changing Muslim Representation in the Comic World, The Cupola [Online] available on:

Top of page

Week 3 – Race and Ethnicity in Disney films

Essential readings

Hall, S. 1997 ‘The spectacle of the “Other”’. In Hall, S. (ed.) Representation: Cultural representations and signifying practices. London: Sage, pp. 225-249.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Ward, A R (2002) Mouse Morality, University of Texas Press, Austin –Chapter 1  

Further reading

Ward, A R (2002) Mouse Morality, University of Texas Press, Austin

Pinsky , M. The Gospel According to Disney.

Giroux, H. (1995). Animating youth: the disnification of children’s culture.

Retrieved Sept 21, 2011from    

Brode, D. (2009) Multiculturalism and the mouse, University of Texas Press, Austin

Maio, K. (1999) Women, race & culture in Disney’s movies. Retrieved Sept 21, 2011 from  

G Edgerton ‘Redesigning Pocahontas: Disney, the “white man's Indian,” and the marketing of dreams’ Journal of Popular Film and Television, 1996

C Lacroix ‘Images of animated others: The orientalization of Disney's cartoon heroines from The Little Mermaid to The Hunchback of Notre DamePopular Communication, 2004  

Top of page

Essential reading

Morey, P. and A. Yaqin. 2011. Framing Muslims: stereotyping and representation after 9/11. Harvard: Harvard University Press.     

Further reading

Anderagg, M. 1991. Inventing Vietnam: the war in film and television. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Birkenstein, J. Randell, K & Froula, A. (2010), Reframing 9/11: Film, Popular Culture and the ‘War on Terror

Chong, S.S.H. 2012. The oriental obscene: violence and racial fantasies in the Vietnam era. London: Duke University Press.

Corrigan, T. 1992. A cinema without walls: movies and culture after Vietnam. London: Routledge.

Dixon, W. 2004 Film and Television after 9/11

Holloway, D. and J. Beck. 2005. American visual cultures: negotiating the Cold War in film. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group.

Kozlovic, A. K. 2009 “Islam Muslims and Arabs in popular Hollywood Cinema” in Comparative Islamic studies, vol 3, no.2, p.213-246

Shaheen, J. (2001) Reel Bad Arabs

Maland, C. 1964. Dr. Strangelove: nightmare comedy and the ideology of liberal consensus. American Quarterly. 31 (5), pp. 697-717.

Sayre, N. 1980. Running time: films of the Cold War. New York: Dial Press.

Shaw, T. 2007. Hollywood’s Cold War. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Top of page

Week 5 - Science Fiction and Horror

Essential readings

Sayyid, S. 2014. Recalling the Caliphate . Hurst. chapter 6       

Pegues, J. H (2008), Miss Cylon: Empire and Adoption in "Battlestar Galactica" , MELUS.., Vol. 33, No. 4, Alien/Asian (Winter, 2008), pp. 189-209   

Further reading

Bernardi, D.L.(1998), Star trek and history [electronic resource] : race-ing toward a white future,

Helford, E.R. (2000), Fantasy girls : gender in the new universe of science fiction and fantasy television, chapter 9.

LeiLani Nishime (2011): Aliens: Narrating U.S. Global Identity Through Transnational Adoption and Interracial Marriage in Battlestar Galactica, Critical studies in media communication, 28:5, 450-465

Top of page

Week 6 – Representations in Hollywood

Essential readings

Singer, M. 2002. "Black Skins" and White Masks: Comic Books and the Secret of Race, African American Review, Vol. 36, No. 1, pp. 107-119     

Wanzoo, Rebecca, 2006. Beyond a Just Syntax: Black actresses, Hollywood and complex personhood. Women and Performance: a journal of feminist theory. 16:1 135-152     

Further reading

Denzin, N. (2002), Reading Race, London, Sage, London.

Diawara, M. (1993), Black American Cinema, Routledge, London.

Guerrero, E. (1984), Framing Blackness: The African American Image in Film, Temple University Press, Philadelphia

Lott, T. L. (1998), ‘Hollywood and Independent Black Cinema’, in Neale, S. and Smith, M. (eds) Contemporary Hollywood Cinema, Routledge, London.

Lyman, S. L. 1990. Race, Sex and Servitude: Images ofBlacks in AmericanCinema. International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society 4 (1): 49-77.

Pines, J. (1975), Blacks in Films: A Survey of Racial Themes and Images in the American Film, Cassal & Collier Macmillan, London.

Rocchio, V.F. (2000), Reel Racism; Confronting Hollywood’s Construction of Afro-American Culture, Westview, Oxford.

Wiegman, R. (1993), ‘Feminism, ‘The Boyz’ and Other Matters Regarding the Male, in Cohan, S; Hark I.R. Screening the Male: Exploring Masculinities in Hollywood Cinema, Routledge, London.

Top of page

Week 7 – Political Resistance

Essential readings

Tate, Shirley Anne. 2018. The Governmentality of Black Beauty Shame: Discourse, Iconicity and Resistance. London: Palgrave Macmillan.     

Jackson, S. (2016) Re(imagining) intersectional democracy from Black Feminism to Hashtag Activism in Women’s Studies in Communication Vol 39 (4), pp. 375-379     

Further reading

Agard, Sandra, 1987, ‘A House’ in Cobham, R And Collins, M, (Eds.), Watchers And Seekers, London, Women’s Press, p.89.

Ahmad, R, 1988 Right Of Way, Women’s Press, London, 1988.

Alridge, D.P. 2005. From Civil Rights to Hip Hop: Toward a Nexus of IdeasThe Journal of African American History. 90(3), pp.226-252.

Chatterjee, D, 1989, I Was That Woman, Hippopotamus Press, Frome.

Choong, D, Cole, W, Olievette, Evaristo, Bernardine, Pearse, Gabriela,1987, Black Women Talk Poetry, Black Women Talk Ltd, London, p.7.

Christian Barbara, (1985) Black Feminist Criticism: perspectives on Black Women’s Writers, Pergamon Press, New York.

Drescher, S. 2009. Abolition: A History of Slavery and Antislavery. New York: Cambridge University Press, p.218.

Dyer, Richard (1993) The Matter of Images: Essays on Representation - Introduction.

Emecheta, B, Second Class Citizen, Flamingo, London, 1988.

Garza, A. 2014. The Creation of a Movement. [Online]. Available from:

Hussain, Y. ‘Writing Diaspora’, Ashgate, London, Chapter 3

Mirza, H. S. (ed.), (1997), Black British Feminism, Routledge, London.

Ngcobo, L. (ed.), (1988), Let It Be Told – Essays By Black Women in Britain, Virago, London.

Smith, B. (1985), “Toward A Black Feminist Criticism”; in Showalter, E. (ed.), The New Feminist Criticism, New York, Pantheon, p.170.

Trivedi P, ‘Black Women Organising Autonomously’, Feminist Review, 1984, No.17.

Top of page

Week 8 - News Media

Essential readings

J Leopold, P M Bell (2017) News media and the racialization of protest: an analysis of Black Lives Matter articles. Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal. Vol. 36, Iss. 8: 720-735. DOI:10.1108/EDI-01-2017-0010     

Further reading

Baker, P. (2010) Representations of Islam in British broadsheet and tabloid newspapers 1999-2005. Journal of Language and Politics, 9 (2),310-338.

Campbell, Christopher P. 1995. Race, Myth and the News. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage.

Dijk, T. A. V. (1991) Racism and the Press. London: Routledge.

Hall, S., Critcher, C., Jefferson, T., Clarke, J. and Roberts, B. (1978) Policing the crisis, mugging the state and law and order. New York: Holmes and Meier Publisher.

Husband, C. (1975) White Media and Black Britain. Essex: The Anchor Press LTD.

Murray, N., and Searle, C. (1989) Racism and the press in Thatcher’s Britain, Your daily dose: racism and the Sun. Nottingham: Russell press.

Richardson, J. E. (2004) (Mis)representing Islam, The racism and rhetoric of British broadsheet newspapers. Amsterdam: John Benjamin Publishings.

Poole, E. (2009) Reporting Islam: media representations of British Muslims. London: IB Taurus & Co Ltd.

Moore, K et al (2008), Images of Islam in the UK. Available online

Nichels, H.C et al (2010) A Comparative Study of the Representations of suspect communities Available online

Top of page

Week 9 - TV Series

Essential readings

Hall, S. "The Whites of Their Eyes. Racist Ideologies and the Media’ in Dines, Gail and Humez, Jean M., Gender." Race and Class in Media. A Text Reader, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, London and New Dehli (1995).  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (IK 16/10/2019) 

Further reading

Budd, M. and Steinman, C., 1992. White racism and The Cosby Show. Jump Cut37, pp.5-14. Available online

Di Sara Corrizzato. 2000. “Undermining Traditional Black Stereotypes in The Fresh Prince of Bel Air,” Iperstoria. [Online]. [Accessed 3

November 2016]. Available from:

Ferguson, Robert (1998), Representing Race - Ideology, Identity and the Media, Arnold, London, New York, Sydney and Auckland.

Freeth, Tony (1985), 'Racism on Television: bringing the colonies back home' in Cohen, Phil and Gardner, Carl, It Ain't Half Racist, Mum - Fighting Racism in the Media, Comedia Publishing Group, London.

Egan, Leo. 1990. “Modern Racism and the Images of Blacks in Local Television News.” Critical Studies in Media Communication 7, no. 4: 332–345.

Fiske, John. 1994. Media Matters: Everyday Culture and Political Change. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Jacobs, R. N. 2000. Race, media, and the crisis of civil society: From watts to rodney king. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hall, Stuart (1995), 'The Whites of Their Eyes - Racist Ideologies and the Media' in Dines, Gail and Humez, Jean M., Gender, Race and Class in Media - A Text Reader, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, London and New Dehli.

Malik, S. (2001) Representing Black Britain

Mercer, Kobena (1989), Introduction, in Daniels, Therese and Gerson, Jane, The Colour Black - Black Images in British Television, BFI Publishing, London.

Ramírez-Berg, C. 2002. Latino Images in Film: Stereotypes, Subversion, Resistance. Austin TX: University of Texas Press.

Ross, Karen (1996), Black and White Media - Black Images in Popular Film and Television, Polity Press, Cambridge.

Top of page

Week 10 - Immigration and New Identities

Essential Reading

Hall, S. (1990), Cultural Identity and Diaspora, in J. Rutherford (ed.), Identity, Community, Culture, Difference, p.222-237, Lawrence and Wishart, London.  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (IK 16/10/2019) 

Poornima, M. and Unnikrishnan, D. 2016. Diasporic Experience in Meera Syal's Anita and Me. Pune Research Scholar, An International Multidisciplinary Journal. 2(2).  Available online

Further reading

Hussain, Y. (2005), Writing Diaspora, Ashgate, London. (Chapter 5).

Kalra, V S et al (2005) Diaspora and Hybridity London: Sage.

Philips, M & Philips, T.(1998) Windrush: The Irresistible Rise of Multi Racial Britain, Harper Collins, London. (this compliments the Windrush programme)

Procter, J. (2000), Writing Black Britain, Manchester University Press, Manchester, (This provides a chronology of the development of creativity within Britain and includes useful essays – some of which I have photocopied and placed at back of handbook).

Ratcliffe, P (2004) ‘Race’, Ethnicity and Difference, London: Open University Press, chapter 3.

Selvon, S. 1956 The Lonely Londoners. London:Longman

Stein, M. (2004), Black British Literature Novels of Transformation; Ohio State University, Columbus.

Weedon, C. (2004), Identity and Culture: Narratives of Difference and Belonging; Open University, London, chapter 1, chapter 4.

This list was last updated on 16/10/2019