Skip to main content

Module Reading List

Patient Voices: Medicine and Healthcare in the Middle Ages, 2021/22, Semester 2
Dr Iona McCleery
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

All reading available online via the library or in Online Course Readings in Minerva (marked VLE), or via an open access link that I have provided below. There are many relevant printed books in the library especially for the history of hospitals but please consult me if you wish to use these - you are not expected to do so.

Approaches and overviews

Patricia A. Baker, Han Nijdam and Karine van't Land (eds), Medicine and Space: Body, Surroundings, and Borders in Antiquity and the Middle Ages (Leiden, 2012)

Flurin Condrau, ‘The patient’s view meets the clinical gaze’, Social History of Medicine 20 (2007), 525-40  

R. French, J. Arrizabalaga, A. Cunningham and L. García Ballester (eds), Medicine from the Black Death to the French Disease (Aldershot, 1998)

Monica Green, ‘Integrative medicine: incorporating medicine and health into the canon of medieval European history’, History Compass 7:4 (2009), 1218-45  

Frank Huisman and John Harley Warner (eds) Locating Medical History: the Stories and their Meanings (Baltimore and London, 2004)

Jonathan Hsy, Tory Pearman and Joshua Eyler (eds), A Cultural History of Disability in the Middle Ages (London, 2020)     

Mark Jackson (ed.), Oxford Handbook of the History of Medicine (Oxford, 2011)

Iona McCleery (ed.), Cultural History of Medicine in the Middle Ages (London, 2021)      

Iona McCleery, ‘Medical ‘emplotment’ and plotting medicine: health and disease in late medieval Portuguese chronicles’, Social History of Medicine 24 (2011), 125-41

Iona McCleery, ‘ Both “ illness and temptation of the Enemy”: melancholy, the medieval patient and the writings of King Duarte of Portugal (r. 1433-38)’, Journal of Medieval Iberian Studies 1:2 (2009), 163-78  

Roy Porter, ‘The patient’s view: doing medical history from below’, Theory and Society 14 (1985), 175-98  

Christian Krotzl, Katariina Mustakallio and Jenni Kuuliala (eds), Infirmity in Antiquity and the Middle Ages: Social and Cultural Approaches to Health, Weakness and Care (Farnham, 2015)

Carole Rawcliffe, Medicine & Society in Later Medieval England (Stroud, 1995). Print book but chapter 3 on VLE

Sara Ritchey and Sharon Strocchia (eds), Gender, Health and Healing, 1250-1550, (Amsterdam, 2020)

Nancy Siraisi, Medieval & Early Renaissance Medicine: An Introduction to Knowledge and Practice (Chicago, 1990)  

Anne Van Arsdall and Timothy Graham (eds), Herbs and Healers from the Ancient Mediterranean through the Medieval West: Essays in Honor of John M. Riddle (Aldershot, 2012)

Faith Wallis (ed.), Medieval Medicine: A Reader (Toronto, 2010) [key set of primary sources recommended for purchase but is available online]  

Naoe Kukita Yoshikawa (ed.), Medicine, Religion and Gender in Medieval Culture (Woodbridge, 2015)

Top of page

Material conditions of life

Ken Albala, Eating Right in the Renaissance (Berkeley, 2002)

Martha Carlin and Joel T. Rosenthal (eds), Food and Eating in Medieval Europe (London, 1998)

Janna Coomans and Guy Geltner, ‘On the street and in the bath-house: medieval Galenism in action?’ Anuario de Estudios Medievales 43 (2013), 53-82:  

Janna Coomans, ‘The king of dirt: public health and sanitation in late-medieval Ghent’, Urban History 46 (2019), 82-105

Janna Coomans, Community, Urban Health and Environment in the Late Medieval Low Countries (Cambridge, 2021)   

Christopher Daniell, Death and Burial in Medieval England, 1066-1550 (London and New York, 1997)

Christopher Dyer, Standards of Living in the later Middle Ages: Social Change in England c.1200-1520 (Cambridge, 1998). Print book but chapter 6 VLE 

Christopher Dyer, Everyday life in Medieval England (London, 1994)

Guy Geltner, 'Public health and the pre-modern city: a research agenda', History Compass 10 (2012), 231-45  

Guy Geltner, ‘Healthscaping a medieval city: the Curia viarum of Lucca and the future of public health history’, Urban History 40 (2013), 395-415

Guy Geltner, Roads to Health: Infrastructure and Urban Well-being in Later Medieval Italy (Philadelphia, 2019)   

Chris Gerrard and David Petley, ‘A risk society? Environmental hazards, risk and resilience in the Later Middle Ages in Europe’, Natural Hazards 69 (2013) 1051-79  

Roberta Gilchrist, Medieval Life: Archaeology and the Life Course (Woodbridge, 2012)

Dolly Jørgensen, ‘ “All good rule of the cite”: sanitation and civic government in England, 1400-1600’, Journal of Urban History 36 (2010), 300-315

Iona McCleery, 'Getting enough to eat: famine as a neglected medieval health issue', in B. S. Bowers and L. M. Keyser (eds.), The Sacred and the Secular in Medieval Healing: Sites, Objects, and Texts (London and New York, 2016), 116-139

Carole Rawcliffe, Urban Bodies: Communal Health in Late Medieval English Towns and Cities (Woodbridge, 2013) [unfortunately not available as an e-book but a really important study. Chapter 3 available on the VLE

Carole Rawcliffe and Claire Weeda (eds), Policing the Urban Environment in Premodern Europe (Amsterdam, 2019)   

Flocel Sabaté (ed.), Medieval Urban Identity: Health, Economy and Regulation (Newcastle, 2015)

Christopher M. Woolgar, Dale Serjeantson and Timothy Waldron (eds), Food in Medieval England: Diet and Nutrition (Oxford, 2006)  

Christopher Woolgar, ‘Food and the Middle Ages’, Journal of Medieval History 36 (2010), 1-19

Top of page

Patient-practitioner relationship

Andrea Carlino. ‘Petrarch and the early-modern critics of medicine’, The Journal of Medieval and Renaissance studies 35:3 (2005), 559-82

Luke Demaitre, ‘The art and science of prognostication in early university medicine’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine 77 (2003), 765-88

Susan Edgington, ‘Medicine and surgery in the Livre des Assises de la Cour des Bourgeois de Jérusalem,’ al-Masāq 17 (2005), 87-97

Geneviève Dumas and Faith Wallis, ‘Theory and practice in the trial of Jean Domrémi’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 54 (1999), 55-87

Timothy Gelfand, ‘The history of the medical profession’, in: Companion Encyclopedia of the history of medicine, (eds) W.F Bynum and R. Porter (London/New York, 1993), 2: 119-50

Monica H. Green, ‘Getting to the Source: the case of Jacoba Felicie and the impact of The Portable Medieval Reader on the canon of medieval women’s history’, Medieval Feminist Forum 42 (2006), 49-64

Pearl Kibre, ‘The faculty of medicine at Paris, charlatanism and unlicensed medical practice in the later Middle Ages’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine 27 (1953), 1-20 [still useful despite its age]

Iona McCleery, ‘Medical licensing in late-medieval Portugal’, in Wendy J. Turner and Sara M. Butler (eds.) Medicine and Law in the Middle Ages (Leiden, 2014), 196-219 (pre-print version available from

Michael R. McVaugh, ‘Bedside manners in the Middle Ages’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine 71 (1997), 201-23  

Michael R. McVaugh, Medicine before the Plague: Practitioners and their Patients in the Crown of Aragon, 1285-1345 (Cambridge, 1993)

Peter Pormann, 'The physician and the other: images of the charlatan in medieval Islam', Bulletin of the History of Medicine 79 (2005), 189-227

Rob Ralley, 'Medical economies in fifteenth century England', in M. Jenner and P. Wallis (eds), Medicine and the Market in England and its Colonies, c.1450-c.1850 (Basingstoke, 2007), 24-46 

Carole Rawcliffe, ‘The profits of practice: the wealth and status of medical men in later medieval England’, Social History of Medicine 1 (1988), 61-78  

Joseph Shatzmiller, ‘Doctor’s fees and their medical responsibility’, in P. Brezzi and E. Lee (eds), Sources of Social History: Private Acts of the Late Middle Ages (Toronto, 1984), 201-20. Available on on VLE

C. Wellborn, ‘The errors of the doctors according to friar Roger Bacon of the Minor Orders’, Isis 18 (1932), 26-62 [primary source]

Shona K. Wray, ‘Boccaccio and the doctors: medicine and compassion in the face of the plague’, Journal of Medieval History 30 (2004), 301-22  

Top of page

Learned medicine

Vern L. Bullough, ‘Training of non-university educated medical practitioners in the later Middle Ages’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 14 (1959), 446-458 [still good despite its age]

Luke Demaitre, Medieval Medicine: The Art of Healing, from Head to Toe (Santa Barbara, 2013)  

Luis García Ballester, ‘Medical science in thirteenth-century Castile: problems and prospects’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine 61 (1987), 183-202

Nancy Siraisi, Taddeo Alderotti and his Pupils: Two Generations of Italian Medical Learning: (Princeton, 1981)

Top of page

Hospitals, charity and social welfare

Sally Brasher, Hospitals and Charity: Religious Culture and Civic Life in Medieval Northern Italy (Manchester, 2017)   

James W. Brodman, Charity and Religion in Medieval Europe (Washington, 2009)

Adam Davis, ‘The social and religious meanings of charity in medieval Europe’, History Compass 12 (2014), 935-50  

Michael Dols, ‘The origins of the Islamic hospital: myth and reality’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine 61 (1987), 367-90 [this is quite old – read with Ragab]

Peregrine Horden, ‘ ‘A discipline of relevance’: the historiography of the later medieval hospital’, Social History of Medicine. 1 (1988), 359-74 [really quite old but still useful]

Peregrine Horden, ‘A non-natural environment: medicine without doctors and the medieval European hospital’, in Barbara S. Bowers, The Medieval Hospital and Medical Practice (Aldershot, 2007), 133-45 (on VLE)

Timothy Miller, The Birth of the Hospital in the Byzantine Empire (Baltimore, 1997)

Ahmed Ragab, The Medieval Islamic hospital: Medicine, Religion and Charity (Cambridge, 2015) 

Lisbeth de Oliveira Rodrigues and Isabel dos Guimarães Sá, 'Sugar and spices in Portuguese Renaissance medicine', Journal of Medieval Iberian Studies 7 (2015), 176-196 [looks at hospital food and pharmacy]

Miri Rubin, ‘Development and change in English hospitals, 1100-1500’, in: L. Granshaw and R. Porter (eds), The Hospital in History (London, 1989), 41-59. Available in VLE [this is quite old so read with Watson’s article below]

Anne Scott (ed.). Experiences of Charity, 1250-1650 (Farnham, 2015)

Sethina Watson, On Hospitals: Welfare, Law and Christianity in Western Europe, 300-1320 (Oxford, 2020)

Sethina Watson, 'The origins of the English hospital', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 6th series 16 (2006), 75-94  

Top of page

Saints and religion

Darrell W. Amundsen, ‘Medieval Canon Law on Medical and Surgical Practice by the Clergy’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine 52 (1978), 22-44 [this is still the main study of ecclesiastical regulations]

Barbara S. Bowers and Linda M. Keyser (eds), The Sacred and the Secular in Medieval Healing: Sites, Objects and Texts (London, 2016)  

Jacalyn Duffin, ‘ The doctor was surprised; or, how to diagnose a miracle’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine 81 (2007), 699-729

Valerie I. Flint, ‘The early medieval ‘medicus’, the saint - and the enchanter’, Social History of Medicine 2 (1989), 127-145

Sari Katajala-Peltomaa, Jenni Kuuliala and Iona McCleery (eds), A Companion to Medieval Miracle Collections (Leiden, 2021)

Julie Kerr, ‘Health and safety in the medieval monasteries of Britain’, History 93 (2008), 3-19

Virginia Langum, Medicine and the Seven Deadly Sins in Late Medieval Literature and Culture (New York, 2016) 

Simone Macdougall, ‘The surgeon and the saints: Henri de Mondeville on divine healing’, Journal of Medieval History 26 (2000), 253-67

Iona McCleery, ‘ ‘Christ more powerful than Galen’? The relationship between medicine and miracles’, in Matthew Mesley and Louise Wilson (eds), Contextualizing Miracles in the Christian West, 1100–1500: New Historical Approaches (Oxford, 2014), 127-54. Available online at   

Iona McCleery, ‘Saintly physician, diabolical doctor, medieval saint: exploring the reputation of Gil de Santarém in medieval and renaissance Portugal’, Portuguese Studies 21 (2005), 112-25

Lea T. Olsan, ‘Charms and prayers in medieval medical theory and practice’, Social History of Medicine 16 (2003), 343-66

Hilary Powell, ‘The ‘miracle of childbirth’: the portrayal of parturient women in medieval miracle narratives’, Social History of Medicine 25 (2012), 795-811 [also very useful for the historyof childbirth]

Catherine Rider, ‘Medical magic and the church in thirteenth century England’, Social History of Medicine 24 (2011), 92-107

Joseph Ziegler, ‘Practitioners and saints: medical men in canonization proceedings in the thirteenth to fifteenth centuries’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine 12 (1999), 191-225  

Top of page

Men, women and gender

Elisheva Baumgarten, ‘Ask the midwives: A Hebrew manual on midwifery from medieval Germany’, Social History of Medicine 32 (2019), 712-33 [the rest of this special issue on Jewish medicine also very useful]

John F. Benton, ‘Trotula, women’s problems, and the professionalization of medicine in the Middle Ages’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. 59 (1985), 30-53 [this is quite old so read with Monica Green's work]

Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Not of Woman Born: Representations of Caesarean Birth in Medieval and Renaissance Culture(Ithaca, 1990) [this is quite old so read with Monica Green's work]

Debra Blumenthal, ‘Domestic medicine: slaves, servants and female medical expertise in late medieval Valencia’, Renaissance Studies 28 (2014), 515-32  

Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage (eds), Handbook of Medieval Sexuality (New York, 1996) [Jacqueline Murray's articles especially]

Caroline Walker Bynum, Holy Feast and Holy Fast: The Religious Significance of Food to Medieval Women (Berkeley, 1987)

Montserrat Cabré, ‘Women or healers? Household practices and the categories of health care in late medieval Iberia’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine 82 (2008), 18-51  

Carmen Caballero Navas, 'The care of women's health and beauty: an experience shared by medieval Jewish and Christian women', Journal of Medieval History 34 (2008), 146-63  

Margaret Cormack (ed.), 'Approaches to childbirth in the Middle Ages', special issue of Journal of the History of Sexuality 21 (2012)

Constanza Dopfel, Alessandra Foscati and Charles Burnett (eds), Pregnancy and Childbirth in the Premodern World: European and Middle Eastern Cultures, from Late Antiquity to the Renaissance (Turnhout, 2019)   

Kristen Geaman, ‘Anne of Bohemia and her struggle to conceive’, Social History of Medicine 29 (2016), 224-44

Monica Green, 'Documenting medieval women's medical practice' in L. Garcia Ballester et al (eds), Practical Medicine from Salerno to the Black Death (Cambridge, 1994), 322-55

Monica H. Green, ‘The possibilities of literacy and the limits of reading: women and the gendering of medical literacy’, in eadem, Women’s Healthcare in the Medieval West: Texts and Contexts (Aldershot, 2000), essay VII, 1-76, available from 

Monica Green, ‘Flowers, poisons and men: menstruation in medieval western Europe’, in A. Shail and G. Howie (eds), Menstruation: A Cultural History (Basingstoke, 2005), 51-64, available from

Monica Green, Making Women's Medicine Masculine: The Rise of Male Authority in Pre-modern Gynaecology (Oxford, 2008)

Monica Green, ‘Gendering the history of women’s healthcare’, Gender & history 20 (2008), 487-518  

Monica Green, 'Making motherhood in medieval England: the evidence from medicine', in C. Leyser and L. Smith (eds), Motherhood, Religion, and Society in Medieval Europe, 400-1400: Essays Presented to Henrietta Leyser (Farnham, 2011), 173-205

Monica Green and Daniel L. Smail, 'The trial of Floreta d'Ays (1403): Jews. Christians and obstetrics in later medieval Marseilles', Journal of Medieval History 34 (2008), 185-211

David Green, 'Masculinity and medicine: Thomas Walsingham and the death of the Black Prince', Journal of Medieval History 35 (2009), 34-51  

Dawn M. Hadley, Masculinity in Medieval Europe (New York and London, 1999)

Peter Murray Jones and Lea Olsan, ‘Performative rituals for conception and childbirth in England, 900–1500’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 89 (2015), 406-33

Richard Kiechkhefer, ‘Erotic magic in medieval Europe’, in J. Salisbury (ed.), Sex in the Middle Ages: A Book of Essays (New York, London, 1991), 30-55. VLE 

Becky Lee, ‘A company of women and men: men’s recollections of childbirth in medieval England’, Journal of Family History 27 (2002), 92-100  

Iona McCleery, ‘Medicine and disease: The female ‘patient’ in medieval Europe’, in Kim Phillips (ed.), A Cultural History of Women in the Middle Ages (London, 2013), 85-104   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Zubin Mistry, Abortion in the Early Middle Ages, c.500-900 (York, 2015)

Jacqueline Murray, ‘On the origins and role of ‘wise women’ in causes for annulment on the grounds of male impotence’, Journal of Medieval History 16 (1990), 235-49. Available on VLE as older issues not online 

Susanna Niiranen, ‘Sexual incapacity in medieval material medica’, in Infirmity in Antiquity and the Middle Ages: Social and Cultural Approaches to Health, Weakness and Care (eds), C. Krõtzl and K. Mustakallio (Abingdon, 2016), 223-40

Katharine Park, Secrets of Women: Gender, Generation, and the Origins of Human Dissection (New York, 2006)

John M. Riddle, Contraception and Abortion from the Ancient World to the Renaissance (Cambridge, MA, 1992) [read with Monica Green’s approach in her 2008 article above]

Catherine Rider, Magic and Impotence in the Middle Ages (Oxford, 2006)

Fiona Shapland, Mary Lewis and Rebecca Watts, ‘The lives and deaths of young medieval women: The osteological evidence’, Medieval Archaeology 59 (2015), 272-89

Fiona Harris Stoertz, ‘Suffering and survival in medieval English childbirth’, in: C. J. Itnyre (ed.), Medieval Family Roles: A Book of Essays (New York and London: 1996), 101-120. Available on VLE 

Tiffany Van Sprecher and Ruth M. Karras, ‘The midwife and the church: ecclesiastical regulation of midwives in Brie, 1499-1504’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine 85 (2011), 171-92

Sara Ritchey and Sharon Strocchia (eds), Gender, Health and Healing, 1250-1550, (Amsterdam, 2020) 

Top of page


Charles Beem (ed.), The Royal Minorities of Medieval and Early Modern England (New York, 2008)

John Boswell, The Kindness of Strangers: The Abandonment of Children in Western Europe from Late Antiquity to the Renaissance (New York, 1988) [this is a classic study; use carefully due to its age]

Elisheva Baumgarten, Mothers and Children: Jewish Family Life in Medieval Europe (Princeton, 2004)

Albrecht Classen (ed.), Childhood in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance: The Results of a Paradigm Shift in the History of Mentality (Berlin, 2005)

Luke Demaitre, 'The idea of childhood and childcare in medical writings of the Middle Ages', Journal of Psychohistory 4 (1977), 461-90 Available on VLE  

Avner Giladi, ‘Infants, children and death in medieval Muslim society: some preliminary observations’, Social History of Medicine 3 (1990), 345-68

Eleanora Gordon, ‘Childhealth in the Middle Ages as seen in the miracles of five English saints, AD 1150-1220’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine 60 (1986), 502-22  

Eleanora Gordon, ‘Accidents among medieval children as seen from the miracles of six English saints and martyrs’, Medical History 35 (1991), 145-63  

Barbara Hanawalt, ‘Medievalists and the study of children’, Speculum 77 (2002), 440-60

Conrad Leyser and L. Smith (eds), Motherhood, Religion, and Society in Medieval Europe, 400-1400: Essays Presented to Henrietta Leyser (Farnham, 2011)

William F. MacLehose, "A Tender Age": Cultural Anxieties over the Child in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries (New York, 2008)

Irina Metzler, ‘Disabled children: birth defects, causality and guilt,’ in N. Yoshikawa (ed.), Medicine, Religion and Gender in Medieval Culture (Cambridge, 2015), 161-80  

Rebecca Winer, ‘The enslaved wetnurse as nanny: The transition from free to slave labor in childcare in Barcelona after the Black Death (1348)’, Slavery & Abolition: A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave Studies 38 (2017), 303-19

Top of page

Old age

Albrecht Classen (ed.), Old Age in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance: Interdisciplinary Approaches to a Neglected Topic (Berlin, 2007)

Luke Demaitre, 'The care and extension of old age in medieval medicine', in Aging and the Aged in Medieval Europe (Toronto, 1990), 3-23. Available on VLE  

Margaret Labarge, ‘Gerontocomia, on the care of the aged: a fifteenth-century Italian guide by Gabriele Zerbi (1445-1505)’, in R. Archer (ed.), Crown, Government and People in the Fifteenth Century (Stroud, 1995), 209-21 Available on VLE  

Thijs Porck, Old Age in Early Medieval England: a Cultural History (Woodbridge, 2019) 

Joel T. Rosenthal, ‘Three-generation famiies: searching for grandpa and grandma in late medieval England’, in C. J. Itnyre (ed.), Medieval Family Roles: A Book of Essays (New York, 1996)

S. Shahar, Growing Old in the Middle Ages : "Winter Clothes us in Shadow and Pain" (London, 1997)

S. Shahar, ‘Who were old in the Middle Ages?’, Social History of Medicine 6 (1993), 313-41  

Pat Thane, Old Age in English History: Past Experiences, Present Issues (Oxford, 2000)

Top of page


Moshe Barasch, ‘Despair in the medieval imagination’, Social Research 66 (1999), 565-76

Siam Bhayro and Catherine Rider (eds), Demons and Illness from Antiquity to the Early Modern Period (Leiden, 2017)  

Albrecht Classen (ed.), Mental Health, Spirituality and Religion in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Age (Berlin, 2014)

Peregrine Horden, ‘Responses to possession and insanity in the earlier Byzantine world’, Social History of Medicine 6 (1993), 177-94

Sylvie Huot, Madness in Medieval French Literature: Identities Found and Lost (Oxford, 2003)

Peter M. Jones, 'Music therapy in the later Middle Ages: the case of Hugo van der Goes', in P. Horden (ed.), Music as Medicine: The History of Music Therapy since Antiquity (Aldershot, 2000), 120-44   

Pauline Koetschet, ‘Experiencing madness: mental patients in medieval Arabo-Islamic medicine’, in Georgia Petridou and Chiara Thumiger (eds), Homo patiens: Approaches to the Patient in the Ancient World (Leiden, 2016), 224-45     

Iona McCleery, ‘ Both “illness and temptation of the Enemy”: melancholy, the medieval patient and the writings of King Duarte of Portugal (r. 1433-38)’, Journal of Medieval Iberian Studies 1:2 (2009), 163-78  

Irina Metzler, Fools and idiots? Intellectual Disability in the Middle Ages (Manchester, 2016)

Carole Rawcliffe, ‘The insanity of Henry VI’, The Historian 50 (1996), 8-12. Available on VLE 

Aleksandra Pfau, ‘Protecting or restraining? Madness as a disability in late medieval France’, in J. R. Eyler (ed.), Disability in the Middle Ages: Reconsiderations and Reverberations (Farnham, 2010), 93-104  

Aleksandra Pfau, Medieval Communities and the Mad: Narratives of Crime and Mental Illness in Late Medieval France (Amsterdam, 2020)   

Claire Trenery, Madness, Medicine and Miracle in Twelfth-Century England (London, 2019)   

Wendy Turner, Madness in Medieval Law and Custom (Leiden, 2010)  

Wendy Turner, ‘Mental Health and Homicide in Medieval English Trials’, Open Library of Humanities, 4 (2018). Available online: 

Top of page

Disease and Disability

Abigail Agresta, ‘From purification to protection: plague response in late medieval Valencia’, Speculum 95 (2020), 371-95  

Nicole Archambeau, 'Healing options during the plague: survivor stories from a fourteenth-century canonization inquest', Bulletin of the History of Medicine 85 (2011), 531-59  

Jon Arrizabalaga, ‘The medical causes of death in pre-industrial Europe: some historiographical considerations’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 54 (1999), 241-60

Jon Arrizabalaga, ‘Problematizing retrospective diagnosis in the history of disease’, Asclepio  54:1 (2002), 51-70, 

Jon Arrizabalaga, ‘Facing the Black Death: perceptions and reactions of university medical practitioners’, in: L. García Ballester, R. French, J. Arrizabalaga and A. Cunningham (eds), Practical medicine from Salerno to the Black Death (Aldershot, 1998), 237-88  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (IK 19/01/2021)   

Elma Brenner, ‘Recent perspectives on leprosy in medieval Western Europe ’, History Compass 8:5 (2010), 385-406  

Elma Brenner, ‘Between palliative care and curing the soul: medical and religious responses to leprosy in France and England, c.1100-c.1500’, in N. Yoshikawa (ed.), Medicine, Religion and Gender in Medieval Culture (Cambridge, 2015) 

Elma Brenner and François-Olivier Touati (eds), Leprosy and Identity in the Middle Ages  (Manchester, 2021)            

Richard Buckley, Mathew Morris, Jo Appleby, Turi King, Deidre O’Sullivan and Lin Foxhall, ‘The king in the car park: new light on the death and burial of Richard III in the Grey Friars church, Leicester, in 1485’, Antiquity 87 (2013), 519-38

Gérard Chouin, 'Reflections on plague in African history (14th-19th c.)', Afriques 9 (2018), available from

Samuel K. Cohn, ‘The Black Death: end of a paradigm’, The American Historical Review 107 (2002), 703-38

Andrew Cunningham, ‘Identifying disease in the past: cutting the Gordian knot’, Asclepio  54:1 (2002), 13-34

Luke Demaitre, ‘Medieval notions of cancer: malignancy and metaphor’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine 72 (1998), 609-37  

Luke Demaitre, ‘The description and diagnosis of leprosy by fourteenth-century physicians’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine 59 (1985), 327-344

Luke Demaitre, Leprosy in Premodern medicine: A Malady of the Whole Body (Baltimore, 2007)

Sharon DeWitte and Maryanne Kowaleski, ‘Black Death bodies’, Fragments, 6 (2017). Available online:  

Sharon DeWitte and Philip Slavin, ‘Between famine and death: England on the eve of the Black Death: evidence from paleoepidemiology and manorial accounts’, Journal of Interdisciplinary History 44 (2013), 37-60

Joshua R. Eyler (ed.), Disability in the Middle Ages: Reconsiderations and Reverberations (Farnham, 2010)

Monica Green, 'The four Black Deaths', American Historical Review 125 (2020), 1600-31

Monica Green, ‘Putting Africa on the Black Death map: narratives from genetics and history’, Afriques 9 (2018), available from

Monica Green (ed.), Pandemic Disease in the Medieval World: Rethinking the Black Death (Kalamazoo, 2014)  

Shireen Hamza, ‘Freeing workers: labor and plague in the Islamic world – do histories of plague during earlier epidemics teach us anything about “essential workers” today,’ The Revealer: a Review of Religion and Media (6 May 2020), available from

Rosemary Horrox (ed.), The Black Death (Manchester, 1994) [excellent collection of primary sources but the notes and section introductions are old so be careful]

Hannah Ingram, ‘ ‘Pottes of Tryacle’ and ‘Bokes of Phisyke’: The fifteenth-century disease management practices of three gentry families’, Social History of Medicine 32 (2019), 751-72  

Anne-Marie Kinzelbach, ‘Infection, contagion, and public health in late medieval and early modern German imperial towns’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 61 (2006), 369-389

Jerome Kroll and Bernard Bachrach, ‘Sin and the etiology of disease in pre-crusade Europe’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 41 (1986), 395-414 [old but still ahead of its times]

Cameron Hunt McNabb (ed.), Medieval Disability Sourcebook (Brooklyn, 2020) [primary sources]

Irina Metzler, Disability in Medieval Europe: Thinking About Physical Impairment During the High Middle Ages, c.1100- c.1400 (London, 2006)

Irina Metzler, A Social History of Disability in the Middle Ages: Cultural Considerations of Physical Impairment (New York, 2013)

Irina Metzler, ‘Disability in the Middle Ages: impairment at the intersection of historical inquiry and Disability Studies’, History Compass 9:1 (2011), 45-60  

Piers Mitchell, 'Retrospective diagnosis and the use of historical texts for investigating disease in the past', International Journal of Paleopathology 1 (2011), 81-88  

Kristina Richardson, Difference and Disability in the Medieval Islamic World: Blighted Bodies (Edinburgh, 2012) (also available open access from Edinburgh University Press at

Patricia Skinner, Living with Disfigurement in Early Medieval Europe (New York, 2017)

Edward Wheatley, Stumbling Blocks Before the Blind: Medieval Constructions of a Disability (Ann Arbor, 2010)

Top of page


Timothy Arner, ‘The disappearing scar of Henry V: triage, trauma and the treatment of Henry’s wounding at the Battle of Shrewsbury’, Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies, 49 (2019), 347-76

Sara Butler, Forensic Medicine and Death Investigation in Medieval England (Abingdon, 2016)

Esther Cohen, ‘The animated pain of the body’, The American Historical Review 105 (2000), 36-68  

Esther Cohen, ‘Towards a history of European physical sensibility: pain in the later Middle Ages’, Science in context. 8 (1995), 47-74

D’Arcy Power (ed.), Treatises of fistula in ano, hæmorrhoids, and clysters, Early English Text Society 139 (Oxford, 1910). Primary source that can be downloaded from the Wellcome Library:

Anne Kirkham and Cordelia Warr (eds), Wounds in the Middle Ages (Farnham, 2014)  

Ilana Krug, ‘The wounded soldier: honey and late medieval military medicine’, in Larissa Tracy and Kelly DeVries (eds.), Wounds and Wound Repair in Medieval Culture (Leiden, 2015), 194-214

Michael R. McVaugh, ‘Cataracts and hernias: aspects of surgical practice in the fourteenth century’, Medical History  45 (2001), 319-40  

Katharine Park, ‘The life of the corpse: division and dissection in late medieval Europe’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 50 (1995), 111-132

Katharine Park, 'Eyes, bones and hernias: surgical specialists in fourteenth- and fifteenth-century Italy', in Jon Arrizabalaga et al (eds), Medicine from the Black Death to the French Disease ( London, 1998), 110-30. Available on the VLE 

Emilie Savage-Smith, ‘The practice of surgery in Islamic lands: myth and reality’, Social History of Medicine 13 (2000), 307-21 

Larissa Tracy and Kelly DeVries (eds.), Wounds and Wound Repair in Medieval Culture  (Leiden, 2015)  

Wendy Turner and Christina Lee (eds), Trauma in Medieval Society (Leiden, 2018)

Linda E. Voights and R. P. Hudson, ‘“A drynke Þat men callen dwale to make a man to slepe whyle men kerven him”: a surgical anesthetic from late medieval England’, in: S. Campbell, B. Hall and D. Klausner (eds), Health, Disease and Healing in Medieval Culture (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1992), 34-56. Available on VLE

Faith Wallis, ‘Pre-modern surgery: wounds, words and the paradox of ‘tradition’,’ in T. Schlich (ed.), The Palgrave Handbook of the History of Surgery (London, 2018), 49-70

This list was last updated on 27/01/2022