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CLAS1650
CLAS1650 Introduction to Classical Archaeology Reading List

Introduction to Classical Archaeology, 2021/22, Semester 1
Dr Sam Gartland
s.d.gartland@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Tutor's notes and advice on the 2021-2022 reading list

Classical Archaeology is a faster moving as a discipline than any other branch of the study of the ancient world, both in terms of the generation of new material and the discovery of new sites, and also in terms of the rapid technological innovations that are occuring each year- as such we will generally rely less on books and more on recent articles and archaeolgical websites. I have reshaped the lists for 2021-2022 here to make sure our key texts will all be available online through the library, but I have kept on the list items and themes which could supplement your interests.

If you would like to purchase books to support your work on this module, the top five books under 'Key books for the module' are the ones I would recommend. Alcock and Osborne's collection of essays is most relevant throughout (*note it is available online through the library website); Renfrew and Bahn's textbook is the most up to date study of archaeolgical practice in all periods (handsomely presented); and the Neer book on Greece and the Fullerton on Rome are not only very helpful and attractive books, they can support further studies in Greek and Roman archaeology and history in the rest of your degree. Amanda Claridge's Rome: an archaeological guide is a model of clear but detailed presentation, and John M. Camp's Archaeology of Athens provides a similar foundation on a key city in Greek world. If you are looking for a lighter read which shows you what classical archaeology is capable of, I'd recommend Mary Beard's Pompeii: Life of a Roman Town, as both stimulating, useful for this module, and inexpensively available in paperback. 

KEY BOOKS FOR THE MODULE (All available online through the library website)

Susan E. Alcock & Robin Osborne (eds.) Classical archaeology (Wiley, 2nd edition 2012) 

Colin Renfrew & Paul Bahn Archaeology, Theory, Methods and Practice (Thames & Hudson, 8th ed., 2020)  

Mark D. Fullerton Art and Archaeology of the Roman World  (Thames and Hudson, 2020) (Available online through the library)  

Amanda Claridge Rome : an Oxford archaeological guide (Oxford University Press, Second Edition, 2010) (Avialable online through the library)    

John Bintliff The Complete Archaeology of Greece : From Hunter-Gatherers to the 20th Century A. D.(WIley-Blackwell, 2012) 

Jane deRose EvansA companion to the archaeology of the Roman Republic(Blackwell, 2013)

Kevin Greene Archaeology, an introduction (Routledge, 4th ed, 2002.)

Charles Gates,  Ancient cities : the archaeology of urban life in the ancient Near East and Egypt, Greece, and Rome(Routledge 2011)

Mackenzie, S., Brodie, N., Yates, D. and Tsirogiannis, C., Trafficking Culture: New Directions in Researching the Global Market in Illicit Antiquities. (Routledge, 2019)

(In hard copies in the library) 

Richard T. Neer Art and Archaeology of the Greek World(Thames and Hudson, 2012)   

Martin Carver Archaeological Investigation (Routledge, 2009)

James Whitley The archaeology of ancient Greece (Cambridge Univ. Press 2001)

Ian Morris & Barry Powell The Greeks : history, culture, and society (Pearson Prentice Hall, 2006)

J.M. Camp The archaeology of Athens (Yale University Press 2004)

Ian Morris Classical Greece : ancient histories and modern archaeologies (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1994)

Judith M. Barringer The art and archaeology of ancient Greece (Cambridge Univ. Press. 2014) 

Greg Woolf (ed.) The Cambridge illustrated history of the Roman world (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2002)

John J. Dobbins & Pedar W. Foss (eds.) The world of Pompeii (Routledge, 2007)

Andrew Wallace-Hadrill Rome’s Cultural Revolution (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2008)

Mary Beard Pompeii : the life of a Roman town (Profile Books. 2009)

Andrew Wallace-Hadrill Houses and society in Pompeii and Herculaneum (Princeton Univ. Press, 1994)

  1. Theodore Peña Roman pottery in the archaeological record(Cambridge University Press, 2007)

Peter Stewart The Social History of Roman Art (Cambridge University Press, 2008)

Stephen L. Dyson The Roman countryside (Duckworth, London, 2003)

Keith Hopkins & Mary Beard The Colosseum (Profile 2005)

 Robin Skeates Museums and Archaeology(Routledge, 2017)

Barry Cunliffe Europe Between the Oceans (Yale University Press, 2011)

Week 1

INTRODUCTION: THE HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF CLASSICAL ARCHAEOLOGY

Anthony Snodgrass 'Greek Archaeology' In Susan E. Alcock & Robin Osborne (eds.) Classical archaeology (Blackwell, 2012): 13-29.

Martin Millett 'Roman Archaeology' In Susan E. Alcock & Robin Osborne (eds.) Classical Archaeology (Blackwell, 2012): 30-50.

Jack L. Davis 'The Greek World' In Susan E. Alcock & Robin Osborne (eds.) Classical Archaeology (Blackwell, 2012): 53-70

Henry Hurst 'The Roman World' In Susan E. Alcock & Robin Osborne (eds.) Classical Archaeology (Blackwell, 2012): 71-90.

Stephen L. Dyson In pursuit of ancient pasts : a history of classical archaeology in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries (Yale Univ. Press, 2006)

Stephen L. Dyson Ancient marbles to American shores : classical archaeology in the United States (Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 1998)

Eugene Dwyer Pompeii’s Living Statues (Univ. of Michigan Press, 2010)

Lisa Nevett, James Whitley (2018) An age of experiment: Classical archaeology transformed (1976-2014). (Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research)

Getzel M. Cohen and Martha Sharpe Jukouwsky (2010) Breaking Ground : Pioneering Women Archaeologists (University of Michigan Press)

 

Week 2

GREEK ARCHAEOLOGY

Anthony Snodgrass 'Greek Archaeology' In Susan E. Alcock & Robin Osborne (eds.) Classical archaeology (Blackwell, 2012): 13-29.

Jack L. Davis 'The Greek World' In Susan E. Alcock & Robin Osborne (eds.) Classical Archaeology (Blackwell, 2012): 53-70

Athenian Agora excavations webiste: http://www.agathe.gr 

Barry Cunliffe The Scythians (Oxford University Press, 2019)

Guy D. R. Sanders, Jennifer Palinkas, Ioulia Tzonou-Herbst, James Herbst, Ancient Corinth: Site Guide (7th ed.). (Princeton: ASCSA)

Week 3

HELLENISTIC ARCHAEOLOGY

  1. Erskine (ed), A Companion to the Hellenistic World(Blackwell, 2003) 
  2. Bugh (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Hellenistic World(Cambridge University Press, 2006)

Peter Thonemann The Hellenistic world : using coins as sources (Cambridge University Press, 2015) 

Aphrodisias Excavations

 McKenzie, Judith S., Sheila Gibson, and A.T. Reyes. “Reconstructing the Serapeum in Alexandria from the Archaeological Evidence.” Journal of Roman Studies 94 (January 1, 2004).

Judith McKensie The Architecture of Alexandria and Egypt: 300 BC - AD 700  (Yale University Press, 2011) 

Ward, W.D. Near Eastern Cities from Alexander to the Successors of Muhammad. (London, Routledge, 2021). 

Mairs, R. The Hellenistic Far East: Archæology, Language, and Identity in Greek Central Asia: Archaeology, Language, and Identity in Greek Central Asia (University of California Press, 2016)

Andrew Stewart (2014) Art in the Hellenistic World: An Introduction (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) 

Roland Oetjen (2019) New perspectives in Seleucid history, archaeology and numismatics: studies in honor of Getzel M. Cohen. Beiträge zur Altertumskunde, Band 355. (Berlin; Boston: De Gruyter)

Rachel Mairs (2020) The Graeco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek world. (Abingdon: Routledge)

S.Glenn (2020) Money and Power in Hellenistic Bactria (ANS: New York)

Paul Kosmin (2014) The Land of the Elephant Kings: Space, Territory, and Ideology in the Seleucid Empire (Cambridge, MA; London: Harvard University Press)

Peter Thonemann (2013) Attalid Asia Minor: Money, International Relations, and the State. (Oxford; Oxford University Press)

Week 4

ROMAN ARCHAEOLOGY

Martin Millett 'Roman Archaeology' In Susan E. Alcock & Robin Osborne (eds.) Classical Archaeology (Blackwell, 2012): 30-50.

Henry Hurst 'The Roman World' In Susan E. Alcock & Robin Osborne (eds.) Classical Archaeology (Blackwell, 2012): 71-90.

BRITAIN

Paul Chrystal, A historical guide to Roman York. Barnsley: Pen and Sword History, 2021

https://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archives/view/romangl/

ROME

Amanda Claridge Rome : an Oxford archaeological guide (Oxford Archaeological Guide, Second Edition, 2010) 

 James E. Packer The Forum of Trajan in Rome : a study of the monuments (University of California Press, 1997) 

Visit Rome in 3D. Available here

Rome Reborn https://www.romereborn.org

Waters of the City of Rome An interactive site plotting the city’s water supply http://www.iath.virginia.edu/waters/first.html

Roman Forum website http://www.capitolium.org/index.htm

  1. Dodge & J. Coulston (eds.) Ancient Rome(Oxford University School of Archaeology, 2000)

Filippo Coarelli Rome and environs : an archaeological guide (Univ. of California Press, 2007)

Keith Hopkins & Mary Beard The Colosseum (Profile 2005)

Catherine Edwards & Greg Woolf (eds.) Rome the cosmopolis (Cambridge University Press, 2003)

Lothar Haselberger Mapping Augustan Rome (JRA Suppl. Series 50, 2002)

Stephen L. Dyson Rome: A Living Portrait of an Ancient City (Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 2010)

POMPEII

Mary Beard Pompeii : the life of a Roman town (Profile Books. 2009)

John J. Dobbins & Pedar W. Foss (eds.) The world of Pompeii (Routledge, 2007)

Joanne Berry The complete Pompeii (Thames & Hudson, 2007)

Andrew Wallace-Hadrill Houses and society in Pompeii and Herculaneum (Princeton Univ. Press, 1994)

Filippo Coarelli The Buried Art of Pompeii (Scala Riverside, 2002)

Irene Bragantini & Valeria Sampaolo La Pittura Pompeiana (Electa, 2009)

Umberto Pappalardo The Splendor of Roman Wall Painting (J. Paul Getty Museum, 2009)

Sara Bon & Rick Jones (eds.) Sequence and space in Pompeii (Oxbow Monographs 77, Oxford, 1997).

  1. Laurence & A. Wallace-Hadrill (eds.) Domestic space in the Roman world : Pompeii and beyond(Journal of Roman Archaeology Supplementary Series 22, Portsmouth (RI), 1997).

Penelope M. Allison Pompeian households : an analysis of the material culture. (Monograph 42, Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, UCLA, Los Angeles, 2004).

Alison Cooley Pompeii (Duckworth, 2002).

Alison Cooley & M.G.L. Cooley Pompeii : a sourcebook (Routledge, 2004).

Estelle Lazer Resurrecting Pompeii (Routledge, 2009)

Wilhelmina Jashemski (ed.) The natural history of Pompeii (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2002)

Rick Jones & Damian Robinson The making of an elite house: the House of the Vestals at Pompeii.  

Journal of Roman archaeology. 17 (2004) : 107-130.

Rick Jones & Damian Robinson Water wealth and Social Status at Pompeii: the House of the

Vestals in the First Century AD. American Journal of Archaeology 109 (2005) : 695-710.

Rick Jones & Damian Robinson Intensification, Heterogeneity and Power in the Development ofInsula VI,1. In J.J. Dobbins & P. Foss (eds.), The world of Pompeii(Routledge 2007): 389-406.

Week 5

TECHNIQUES I: FINDING SITES

Susan E. Alcock & John F. Cherry (eds.) Side-by-side survey : comparative regional studies in the Mediterranean World (Oxbow Books, Oxford, 2004)

Graeme Barker (ed.) A Mediterranean valley : landscape archaeology and Annales history in the Biferno Valley (Leicester University Press, London, 1995)

Stephen L. Dyson The Roman countryside (Duckworth, London, 2003)

Susan E. Alcock The Essential Countryside: the Greek World, in Susan E. Alcock & Robin Osborne (eds.) Classical archaeology (Blackwell, Oxford, 2012): 122-143.

Nicola Terrenato The Essential Countryside: the Roman World, in Susan E. Alcock & Robin Osborne (eds.) Classical Archaeology (Blackwell, Oxford, 2012): 144-167.

Lin Foxhall, Martin Jones & Hamish Forbes Human Ecology and the Classical Landscape, Greek and Roman Worlds, in Susan E. Alcock & Robin Osborne (eds.) Classical Archaeology (Blackwell, Oxford, 2012): 91-121.

Survey techniques – air photography, geophysical survey, surface collection

David R. Wilson Air photo interpretation for archaeologists (Batsford, 1982)

Roger Agache La Somme pré-romaine et romaine : d'après les prospections aériennes à basse altitude (Sociétè des antiquaires de Picardie, 1978)

Kenneth Brophy & Dave Cowley (eds.) From the air : understanding aerial archaeology (History Press, 2005)

Anthony Clark Seeing Beneath the Soil (Batsford, 1996)

John Gater & Christopher Gaffney Revealing the buried past : geophysics for archaeologists (Tempus, 2003)

Arnold Aspinall, Chris Gaffney & Armin Schmidt Magnetometry for archaeologists (Alta Mira Press, 2009)

Graeme Barker et al. Farming the desert : the UNESCO Libyan Valleys Archaeological Survey (UNESCO, 1996)

Susan E. Alcock & John F. Cherry (eds.) Side-by-side survey : comparative regional studies in the Mediterranean World (Oxbow Books, 2004)

Graeme Barker A Mediterranean valley : landscape archaeology and Annales history in the Biferno Valley (Leicester Univ. Press, 1995)

Historic England Using Airborne Lidar in Archaeological Survey (2018)

Week 6

TECHNIQUES II: DIGGING SITES

The formation and recovery of the archaeological record

Martin Carver Archaeological Investigation (Routledge, 2009)

Philip Barker Techniques of Archaeological Excavation (Routledge, 3rd.ed., 1998)

Edward C. Harris Principles of archaeological stratigraphy (Academic Press, 1979)

Laurence Bowkett et al. Classical archaeology in the field : approaches (Bristol Classical Press, 2001)

Michael B. Schiffer Formation processes of the archaeological record (Univ of Utah Press, 1996)

D.R. Brothwell & A.M. Pollard (eds.) Handbook of Archaeological Science (Wiley, 2001)

Ian Hodder & Scott Hutson (eds.) Reading the past: current approaches to interpretation in archaeology (Cambridge University Press, 3rd ed., 2003)

Week 7 (Reading week)

Week 8

TECHNIQUES III: WHAT YOU DIG UP AND DATING METHODS

The significance of pottery, coins, metalwork, bones and seeds

  1. Theodore Peña Roman pottery in the archaeological record(Cambridge University Press, 2007)

Penelope M. Allison Pompeian households : an analysis of the material culture. (Monograph 42, Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, UCLA, Los Angeles, 2004).

Penelope Allison The archaeology of household activities (Routledge, 1999)

D.P.S. Peacock Pottery in the Roman world : an ethnoarchaeological approach (Longman, 1982)

John W. Hayes Handbook of Mediterranean Roman pottery(British Museum Press, 1997)

Clive Orton, Paul Tyers & Alan Vince Pottery in archaeology (Cambridge University Press, 1993)

Richard Reece Roman Coins (Benn, 1970)

William R. Biers Art, artefacts, and chronology in classical archaeology (Routledge, 1992)

John Evans & Terry O’Connor Environmental archaeology : principles and methods (Sutton, 1999)

Michael MacKinnon Production and Consumption of Animals in Roman Italy: Integrating the Zooarchaeological and Textual Evidence (Journal of Roman Archaeology Supplement 54, 2004)

T.P. O’Connor The archaeology of animal bones (Sutton, 2000)

Week 9

ARCHAEOLOGY AND SOCIETY I: ART

The role of sculpture, painting and mosaics

Katherine Dunbabin Mosaics of the Greek and Roman world (Cambridge University Press, 1999)

Peter Stewart The Social History of Roman Art (Cambridge University Press, 2008)

Robin Osborne Archaic and classical Greek art (Oxford University Press, 1998)

Umberto Pappalardo The Splendor of Roman Wall Painting (J. Paul Getty Museum, 2009)

Roger Ling Roman painting (Cambridge University Press, 1991)

Roger Ling (ed.) Making classical art : process & practice(Tempus, 2000)

Peter Stewart Roman art(Oxford University Press, 2004)

John R. Clarke Art in the lives of ordinary Romans : visual representation and non-elite viewers in Italy, 100 B.C. -A.D. 315 (Univ. of California Press, 2006)

Keesling, C. M. (2017) Early Greek Portraiture: Monuments and Histories, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Week 10

ARCHAEOLOGY AND SOCIETY II: HOUSES/ FOOD AND DRINK

HOUSES

Penelope M. Allison Using the material and the written sources: turn of the millennium approaches to Roman domestic space, American Journal of Archaeology 105 (2001): 181-208.

Penelope M. Allison Pompeian households : an analysis of the material culture. (Monograph 42, Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, UCLA, Los Angeles, 2004).

  1. Ault & L.C. Nevett (eds.) Ancient Greek houses and households : chronological, regional, and social diversity(University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 2005).

Joanne Berry Household artefacts: towards a re-interpretation of Roman domestic space. In Laurence & Wallace-Hadrill 1997: 183-195.

Sara Bon & Rick Jones (eds.) Sequence and space in Pompeii (Oxbow Monographs 77, Oxford, 1997).

John R. Clarke The houses of Roman Italy, 100 B.C. - A.D. 250 : ritual, space, and decoration (Univ. of California Press, 1991)

Shelley Hales The Roman House and Social Identity (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2003)

  1. Laurence & A. Wallace-Hadrill (eds.) Domestic space in the Roman world : Pompeii and beyond(Journal of Roman Archaeology Supplementary Series 22, Portsmouth (RI), 1997).

Eleanor W. Leach Oecus on Ibycus: investigating the vocabulary of the Roman house. In Bon & Jones 1997: 50-72.

Lisa Nevett House and society in the ancient Greek world (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1999)

James E. Packer Middle and lower class housing in Pompeii and Herculaneum: a preliminary survey. In B. Andreae and H. Kyrielis (eds.) Neue Forschungen in Pompeji : und den anderen vom Vesuvausbruch 79 n. Chr. verschütteten Städten (1975): 133 46.

Andrew Wallace-Hadrill Houses and society in Pompeii and Herculaneum (Princeton Univ. Press, 1994)

Andrew Wallace-Hadrill Rethinking the Roman atrium house. In Laurence & Wallace-Hadrill 1997: 219-240.

Ruth Westgate Life’s rich pattern: decoration as evidence for room function in Hellenistic houses. In R. Westgate, N. Fisher & J. Whitley (eds.| Building communities : house, settlement and society in the Aegean and beyond : proceedings of a conference held at Cardiff University, 17-21 April 2001. British School at Athens Studies 15 (2007): 313-321

Ruth Westgate House and society in Classical and Hellenistic Greece: a case study in regional variation. American Journal of Archaeology 111 (2007): 423-457.

Ruth Westgate The Greek house and the ideology of citizenship. World archaeology. 39.2 (2007): 229-245

John WIlins and Robin Nadeau A Companion to food in the ancient world (Wiley-Blackwell, 2015)

Week 11

ARCHAEOLOGY AND SOCIETY III: MAKING, PRODUCING, SELLING, LOOTING

OBJECT BIOGRAPHIES:

J. North Hopkins, S. Kielt Costello, and P R. Davis (eds.) Object biographies: collaborative approaches to ancient Mediterranean art. Houston: The Menil Collection, 2021 

PRODUCTION - MINING

D.G. Bird The Roman gold mines of north-west Spain. Bonner Jahrbücher. 172 (1972): 36-64.

  1. Domergue Les mines de la péninsule Ibérique dans l'antiquité romaine(Collection de l’École Française de Rome 127, Rome, 1990).

R.F.J. Jones & D.G. Bird Roman gold-mining in north-west Spain II: workings on the rio Duerna. The journal of Roman studies.62 (1972): 59-74.

P.R. Lewis & G.D.B. Jones Roman gold-mining in north-west Spain. The journal of Roman studies. 60 (1970): 169-185.

PRODUCTION - URBAN

  1. Jongman The economy and society of PompeiiGieben, 1988.
  2. Mac Mahon & J. Price (eds.) Roman working lives and urban living(Oxbow Books, 2005).
  3. Pirson Shops and industries. In J.J. Dobbins & P.W. Foss (eds.), The world of Pompeii(Routledge, 2007): 457-473.

A.I. Wilson Timgad and textile production. In Salmon & Mattingly 2000: 271-296.

A.I. Wilson Urban production in the Roman world: the view from North Africa. Papers of the British School at Rome. 70 (2002): 231-73.

J.T. Bakker The mills-bakeries of Ostia : description and interpretation. Gieben, 1999.

  1. Moeller The wool trade of ancient Pompeii. Brill, 1976.

Textiles

Susanna Harris, Cecilie Brøns, Marta Zuchowska (2022) Textiles in ancient Mediterranean iconography. Ancient textiles (Oxford: Oxbow Books) 

This list was last updated on 24/03/2022