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Concepts and Debates in Social and Cultural History

Concepts and Debates in Social and Cultural History, 2021/22, Semester 1
Dr Jessica Meyer
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Week 1: Introduction: Concepts in Social and Cultural History (Dr Jessica Meyer)

Peter Burke, What is Cultural History? (Cambridge: Polity, 2004), 1-19.

Paula S. Fass, ‘Cultural History/Social History: Some Reflections on a Continuing Dialogue’, Journal of Social History. 37:1 (2003), 39-46 

Donald McRaild and Avram Taylor, Social Theory and Social History ISBN: 9780230802582 (e-book) (Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan, 2004), chapter 5

Further reading

Victoria E. Bonnell and Lynn Hunt and Richard Biernacki (ed.) Beyond the cultural turn: New directions in the study of society and culture (London: University of California Press, 1999), introduction and chapters by Biernacki and Halttunen.

Peter Burke, History and Social Theory (Cambridge: Polity, 2005).  

Geoff Eley and Keith Nield, ‘Starting over: the present, the postmodern and the moment of social history’, Social history., 10:3 (1995)

Paula S. Fass, ‘Cultural History/Social History: Some Reflections on a Continuing Dialogue’, Journal of Social History. 37:1 (2003), 39-46.

Richard Gassan, ‘Social history for beginners: A “young scholar” looks at his new profession’, Journal of Social History. 37:1 (2003), 157-63.

Lynn Hunt (ed), The New Cultural History (University of California Press, 1989).

Colin Jones, ‘Peter Mandler’s “Problem with Cultural History”, or, Is Playtime Over?’, Social and Cultural History 1:2 (2004), 209-215. Available online here

Patrick Joyce, ‘The end of social history?’, Social history., 10:1 (1995)

Patrick Joyce, "What is the social in social history?", Past & present., 206 (2010), 213-248.

Jurgen Kocha, ‘Losses, gains, and opportunities: Social History Today’, Journal of Social History. 37:1 (2003), pp. 21-8.

Peter Mandler, ‘The Problem with Cultural History’, Cultural and social history., 1:1 (2004), 94-117.

Nancy Partner and Sarah Foot (eds), The SAGE handbook of historical theory (SAGE, 2013).

Mark M. Smith, ‘Making sense of social history’, Journal of Social History.37:1 (2003), 165-186.

Peter N. Stearns, ‘Social history present and future’ Journal of Social History.37:1 (2003), 9-19. 

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Week 2: Microhistory (Dr Alex Bamji)

Thomas Robisheaux et al., ‘What is Microhistory?’,

Francesca Trivellato, ‘Is there a future for Italian microhistory in the age of global history?’, California Italian Studies 2:1 (2011): 

Filippo de Vivo, ‘Prospect or refuge? Microhistory, history on the large scale’, Cultural and social history.  7:3 (2010): 387-397. [ejournal]

Examples of microhistories 

Tonio Andrade, ‘A Chinese Farmer, Two African Boys, and a Warlord: Toward a Global Microhistory’, Journal of World History  21:4 (2010): 573-91. 

Ananya Chakravarti, ‘Mapping “Gabriel”: Space, Identity and Slavery in the Late Sixteenth-Century Indian Ocean’, Past & Present 243 (2019): 5-34.

Thomas Cohen, Roman Tales: A Reader’s Guide to the Art of Microhistory (2019) [any chapter – each chapter is a microhistory]    

Thomas Cohen and Elizabeth Cohen, Words and Deeds in Renaissance Rome (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993) [any chapter – each chapter is a microhistory. Content warning: violence, sexual violence]

Robert Darnton, The Great Cat Massacre and other Episodes in French Cultural History (New York, 1984), ch. 2: ‘Workers Revolt: The Great Cat Massacre of the Rue Saint-Séverin’. 

Natalie Zemon Davis, The Return of Martin Guerre (Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1983)   

Eamon Duffy, The voices of Morebath : Reformation and rebellion in an English village  (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000)     

Giovanna Fiume, ‘The Old Vinegar Lady, or the Judicial Modernization of the Crime of Witchcraft’, in Edward Muir and Guido Ruggiero (eds.), History from crime  (Baltimore, 1993), pp. 65-87 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (chg 08/09/2020) .  

Jonathan Gebhardt, ‘Microhistory and Microcosm: Chinese Migrants, Spanish Empire, and Globalization in Early Modern Manila’, Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 47:1 (2017): 167-192.

John-Paul Ghobrial, ‘The Secret Life of Elias of Babylon and the Uses of Global Microhistory’, Past & Present 222:1 (2014): 51-93.

Karen Harvey, ‘Rabbits, Whigs and Hunters: Women and Protest in Mary Toft’s Monstrous Births of 1726’, Past & Present 238 (2018): 43-83. [content warning: miscarriage]

Julia Laite, ‘Traffickers and Pimps in the era of White Slavery’, Past & Present (2017): 237-269. [content warning: sex work]

Charles West, ‘Visions in a Ninth-Century Village: an Early Medieval Microhistory’, History Workshop Journal 81 (2016): 1-16.

Further reading 

John Brewer, ‘Microhistory and the Histories of Everyday Life’, Cultural and social history.  7:1 (2010): 87-109. 

Jan de Vries, ‘Playing with Scales: The Global and the Micro, the Macro and the Nano’, Past & Present 242 (2019): 23-36. [and other articles in this special issue]

Carlo Ginzburg, ‘Microhistory: Two or Three Things That I Know about It’, Critical inquiry.  20:1 (1993): 10-35. [

Carlo Ginzburg and C. Poni, ‘The name and the game’, in E. Muir and G. Ruggiero (eds), Microhistory and the lost peoples of Europe  (Baltimore and London, 1991)   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Brad S. Gregory, ‘Is Small Beautiful? Microhistory and the History of Everyday Life’, History and theory.  38:1 (1999): 100-110. [

Julia Laite, ‘Emmet’s Inch: Small History in a Digital Age’, Journal of Social History 53 (2020): 963-989.

Jill Lepore, ‘Historians Who Love Too Much: Reflections on Microhistory and Biography’, The Journal of American history.  88:1 (2001): 129-144. [

Giovanni Levi, ‘On Microhistory’, in Peter Burke (ed.), New Perspectives on Historical Writing (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2001), pp. 97-119. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (chg 08/09/2020)  

Sigurhur Gylfi Magnússon, ‘“The Singularisation of History”: Social History and Microhistory within the Postmodern State of Knowledge’, Journal of Social History 36:3 (2014): 701-35.

Thomas Robisheaux et al, ‘Microhistory Today: A Roundtable Discussion’, Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 47:1 (2017): 7-52. 

Francesca Trivellato, ‘Microstoria, Microhistoire, Microhistory’, French Politics, Culture and Society 33:1 (2015): 122-134.

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Week 3: Voices from Below (Dr Claire Martin)

Required Reading

Jared Davidson, ‘History from Below: A Reading List with Marcus Rediker', History Workshop, 22 May 2019 <>

Joe Moran, ‘History, Memory and the Everyday,’ Rethinking History, 8:1 (2004), 51-68

Jim Sharpe, ‘History from Below’ in Peter Burke, ed., New Perspectives on Historical Writing, 2nd edn. (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2001), pp. 25-42 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Plus one reading of your choice from the four titles below:

Hester Barron, and Claire Langhamer, ‘Children, Class, and the Search for Security: Writing the Future in 1930s Britain’, Twentieth Century British History, 28:3 (2017), 367-389

Ben Jones, “The Uses of Nostalgia: Autobiography, Community Publishing and Working-Class Neighbourhoods in Post-War England,” Cultural and Social History, 7:3 (2010), 355–74

Jon Lawrence, ‘Inventing the “Traditional Working Class”: A re-analysis of interview notes from Young and Willmott’s Family and Kinship in East London’, Historical Journal 59:2 (2016), 567-593

Lucinda McCray Beier, ‘Expertise and control: Childbearing in three twentieth-century working-class Lancashire communities’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 78:2 (2004), 379-409

Further reading

Lynn Abrams, ‘Revisiting Akenfield: forty years of an iconic text’, Oral History, 37:1 (2009), 33-42

John H. Arnold, ‘The Historian as Inquisitor: The Ethics of Interrogating Subaltern Voices’, Rethinking History, 2, 3 (1998), 379-386

Joanna Bourke, Working Class Cultures in Britain 1890-1960: Gender, Class, and Ethnicity (London: Routledge, 1994)    

John Brewer, 'Microhistory and the Histories of Everyday Life,' Cultural and Social History, 7:1 (2010), 87-109

Martin Bulmer, Kevin Bales & K.K. Sklar, The Social Survey in Historical Perspective, 1880-1940 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991)

Antoinette Burton, ed., World Histories from Below: Disruption and Dissent, 1750 to the Present (London: Bloomsbury, 2016)

David F. Crew, ‘Alltagsgeschichte: A New Social History “From Below”?’, Central European History, 22, 3-4 (1989), 394-407

Stephanie Cronin, Subalterns and Social Protest: history from below in the Middle East and North Africa (London: Routledge, 2008)

Kerry Davis ‘Silent and Censured Travellers’? Patients' Narratives and Patients' Voices: Perspectives on the History of Mental Illness since 1948’, Social History of Medicine 14 (2001), 267-92.

Lucy Delap, Knowing Their Place: Domestic Service in Twentieth Century Britain (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011)

Hanan Hammad, ‘Daily Encounters That Make History: History from Below and Archival Collaboration’, International journal of Middle East studies, 53 (1) (2021), 139-43

James Hinton, The Mass Observers: A History, 1937-1949 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013)

Tim Hitchcock, ‘A New History from Below’, History Workshop Journal, 57 (2004), 294-298

Stephen Humphries, Hooligans or Rebels? an oral history of working-class childhood and youth, 1889-1939 (Oxford: Blackwell, 1981)

Ben Jones, The Working Class in mid-Twentieth Century England: Community, Identity and Social Memory (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2012)    

Lara Kriegel, ‘EP Thompson and the Kitchen Sink or Feeling from Below, c. 1963’, Historical Reflections, 41:1 (2015), 83-98

Jon Lawrence, ‘Class, “Affluence” and the study of everyday life in Britain, c.1930-64’, Cultural and Social History 10:2 (2013), 273-299

Martin Lyons, ‘A New History from Below? The Writing Culture of Ordinary People in Europe’, History Australia, 7, 3, 2010

Lucinda McCray Beier, For Their Own Good: The Transformation of English Working-Class Health Culture, 1880–1970 (Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University Press, 2008)

Rosalind Morris (ed.), Can the Subaltern Speak? Reflections on the History of an Idea (New York: Columbia University Press, 2010)

Elizabeth Roberts, A Woman’s Place: An Oral History of Working-Class Women, 1890-1940 (Oxford: Blackwell, 1984)

Paul Steege, et. al. ‘The History of Everyday Life: a Second Chapter’, The Journal of Modern History, 80:2 (2008), 358-78

Penny Summerfield, ‘Mass Observation: Social Research or Social Movement?’, Journal of Contemporary History, 20: 3 (1985), 439-452

Melanie Tebbutt, Women’s Talk?: A Social History of Gossip in Working-Class Neighbourhoods, 1880-1960 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1995)

E. P. Thompson, The Making of the English Working Class (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1968) – see especially the preface and introduction

Brodie Waddell, ‘Writing History from Below: Chronicling and Record-Keeping in Early Modern England’, History Workshop Journal, 85:1 (2018), 239-64

John Walton, Fish and Chips, and the British Working Class, 1870-1940 (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1992)

Johannes Westberg, ‘A Comparative History from Below?’, Rivista di Storia dell'Educazione, 5:2 (2018), 111-32

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Week 4: Spaces and Things (Dr Rebecca Darley)

Required Reading:

Leora Auslander, ‘Beyond Words’, The American Historical Review 110.4 (2005) 1015-1045

Beat Kümin and Cornelie Usborne, ‘At Home and in the Workplace: A Historical Introduction to the “Spatial Turn”, History and Theory 52.3 (2013), 305-318

William Whyte, ‘Buildings, Landscapes and Regimes of Materiality’. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 6th Series, 28 (2018): 135–48.

Then your choice of the following

Rebecca Darley, ‘Self, Other and the Use and Appropriation of Late Roman Coins in South India and Sri Lanka (4th-7th Centuries A.D.)’, in Negotiating Cultural Identity: Landscapes in Early Medieval South Asian History, ed. by Himanshu Prabha Ray (London and New Delhi: Routledge, 2015), 60–84.

C. Haselgrove and S. Krmnicek, ‘The Archaeology of Money’, Annual Review of Anthropology, 41 (2012) 235–250.

F. Kemmers and N. Myrberg ‘Rethinking Numismatics. The Archaeology of Coins’, Archaeological Dialogues, 18 (2011) 87–108.

Primary Sources

Students will be asked to bring along their own sources for discussion in the seminar, taken from their own research interests. These can be objects, images, representations of places, or texts – in many cases, it will be most appropriate to access these as digital documents (photographs of archive material, links to museum webpages or digital versions of books etc). They should be prepared to briefly introduce the item, to explain particular features of its materiality or format or design (size, colour, materials it is made from, weight, texture, any delicate features, how the object or place has changed over time) and how this impacts on how it was originally used, how and why it has been preserved, and how researchers now access this material.

Projects which present spaces and things:

The Hidden Florence project

The Map of Early Modern London

Video presentation ‘A Guided tour of Early Modern London’

Byzantium 1200:

A short list of useful museum websites (these are ones I have used in my own research and teaching – you might well have other ones that reflect your own research interests more closely – please do share these in the seminar)

The V&A -

Leeds Museums and Galleries -

The Metropolitan Museum of Art -

Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection -

The British Museum -

Further Reading:

Arjun Appadurai, The social life of things: commodities in cultural perspective (Cambridge: CUP, 1988)

Pierre Bourdieu, ‘Social Space and Symbolic Power’, trans. by Loïc J. Wacquant, Sociological Theory, 7.1 (1989), 14–25 <>

Peter Burke, Eyewitnessing: The Uses of Images as Historical Evidence (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2008)

Penelope J. Corfield, Time and the Shape of History (Yale University Press, 2007)

James Cummings, ‘The Materiality of Markup and the Text Encoding Initiative’, in Digitizing Medieval and Early Modern Material Culture, ed. by Nelson, Brent and Terras, Melissa, New Technologies in Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 3 (Toronto and Temple (Arizona): Iter: Gateway to the Middle Ages and Renaissance in collaboration with Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2012), pp. 49–82 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (LW 14/10/2021)    

Anne Gerritsen and Giorgio Riello (eds.), Writing Material Culture History (London: Bloomsbury, 2015)

Anne Gerritsen and Giorgio Riello, ‘History and Material Culture’ in Stefan Berger, Heiko Feldner and Kevin Passmore (eds.), Writing History: Theory and Practice 3rd Edition (London & New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2020) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva   

Tara Hamling and Catherine Richardson, Everyday Objects: medieval and early modern material culture and its meanings (Farnham: Ashgate, 2010)

Leonie Hannan and Sarah Longair, History through Material Culture (Manchester: MUP, 2017) – an IHR research guide

Karen Harvey (ed.), History and Material Culture (London: Routledge, 2018)

Dan Hicks and Mary Carolyn Beaudry (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Material Culture Studies (Oxford: OUP, 2010)

Adrienne D. Hood, ‘Material Culture: The Object’ in Sarah Barber and Corinna M. Peniston-Bird (eds.), History Beyond the Text: A Student’s Guide to Approaching Alternative Sources (Abingdon: Routledge, 2009) 

Leif Jerram, ‘Space: A Useless Category for Historical Analysis?’ History and Theory 52.3 (2013), 400-419

Ludmilla Jordanova, History in Practice 3rd Edition (London: Bloomsbury, 2019) especially chapter 3 on ‘History and the Humanities’, chapter 5 on ‘The status of historical knowledge’ and chapter 9 on ‘History in a digital age’

Ludmilla Jordanova, The Look of the Past: Visual and Material Evidence in Historical Practice (Cambridge: CUP, 2012)

Thomas Lekan and Thomas Zeller, ‘Region, Scenery, and Power: Cultural Landscapes in Environmental History’ in Andrew C. Isenberg (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History (Oxford: OUP, 2014)    

Christopher Long, ‘Architecture: the built object’ in Sarah Barber and Corinna M. Peniston-Bird (eds.), History Beyond the Text: A Student’s Guide to Approaching Alternative Sources (Abingdon: Routledge, 2009)

Yair Mintzker, ‘Between the Linguistic and Spatial Turns: A Reconsideration of Space and Its Role in the Early Modern Period’, Historical Reflexions/Réflexions Historiques 35.3 (2009) 37-51

Sara Pennell, ‘Mundane Materiality, or, Should Small Things Still Be Forgotten? Material Culture, Micro-Histories and the Problem of Scale’ in Karen Harvey (ed.), History and Material Culture: A Students Guide to Approaching Alternative Sources Routledge Guides to Using Historical Sources. (London: Routledge, 2009) 173–91.

Catherine Richardson, Tara Hamling, and David Gaimster (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Material Culture in Early Modern Europe (London & New York: Routledge, 2017) – a number of important thematic essays, and a series of case studies

Salvatore Settis, The Materiality of the Divine: Aniconism, Iconoclasm and Iconography, in Jaś Elsner and Rachel K. L Wood (eds), Imagining the Divine: Art in Religions of Late Antiquity across Eurasia, (London: British Museum Research Publications, 2021), pp. 5–18 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Peter R. Schmidt, and Jonathan R. Walz, 'Re-Representing African Pasts through Historical Archaeology', American Antiquity, 72.1 (2007), 53–70

Antonio Sennis, ‘Narrating Places: Memory and Space in Medieval Monasteriesi, in Wendy Davies, Guy Halsall, and Andrew Reynolds (eds), People and Space in the Middle Ages, 300-1300, Studies in the Early Middle Ages, 15 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2006), pp. 275–94.    

Monica Smith, ‘Networks, Territories, and the Cartography of Ancient States’, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 95.4 (2005), 832–49

Christopher Tilley, Webb Keane, Susanne Küchler, Michael Rowlands, & Patricia Spyer (eds.), Handbook of Material Culture (London: SAGE, 2006)

Angelo Torre, Production of Locality in the Early Modern and Modern Age: Places (London: Routledge, 2020)

Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, Sarah Anne Carter, Ivan Gaskell, Sara Schechner, and Samantha van Gerbig, Tangible Things: Making History Through Objects (Oxford: OUP, 2015)

Kären Wigen, ‘Oceans of History: Introduction’, The American Historical Review, 111.3 (2006), 717–21

Tom Wilkinson, ‘Landscape: the configured space’ in Sarah Barber and Corinna M. Peniston-Bird (eds.), History Beyond the Text: A Student’s Guide to Approaching Alternative Sources (Abingdon: Routledge, 2009)

Ann Marie Yasin, ‘Prayers on Site: The Materiality of Devotional Graffiti and the Production of Early Christian Sacred Space’, in Antony Eastmond (ed.), Viewing Inscriptions in the Late Antique and Medieval World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015), pp. 36–60

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Week 5: Voices from Below (Dr Iona McCleery)

Required reading

Jane Buckingham, ‘Patient Welfare vs. the Health of the Nation: Governmentality and Sterilisation of Leprosy Sufferers in Early Post-Colonial India’, Social History of Medicine 19 (2006), 483-99.

Mary Fissell, ‘Making Meaning from the Margins: The New Cultural History of Medicine’, in Frank Huisman and John H. Warner (eds), Locating medical history : the stories and their meanings (Baltimore, 2004), pp. 364-89. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Piers Mitchell, ‘Retrospective Diagnosis and the Use of Historical Texts for Investigating Disease in the Past’, Journal of International Paleopathology 1 (2011), pp. 81-88

Roy Porter, ‘The Patient’s View: Doing Medical History from Below’, Theory and Society 14 (1985), 175-9.8 

Further reading

Jon Arrizabalaga, ‘Problematizing Retrospective Diagnosis in the History of Disease’, Asclepio 54:1 (2002), pp. 51-70

Pati Biswamoy and Mark Harrison (eds.), The Social History of Health and Medicine in Colonial India (London, 2009).

Willem de Blecourt and Cornelie Usborne (eds), Cultural Approaches to the History of Medicine: Mediating Medicine in Early Modern and Modern Europe (London: Palgrave, 2004).

Andrew Cunningham, ‘Identifying Disease in the Past: Cutting the Gordian Knot’, Asclepio 54:1 (2002), pp. 13-34

Patricia D’Antonio, Julie Fairman, and Jean Whelan (eds.), Routledge Handbook on the Global History of Nursing (Abingdon, 2013).

Waltraud Ernst, ‘Beyond East and West: From the History of Colonial Medicine to a Social History of Medicine(s) in South Asia’, Social History of Medicine 20 (2007), 505-24.

Michel Foucault, The Birth of the Clinic: an Archaeology of Medical Perception, trans. A. M. Sheridan (London and New York, 2003).

Roberta Gilchrist, Medieval Life: Archaeology and the Life Course (Woodbridge, 2012).

Pablo Gómez, The Experiential Caribbean: Creating Knowledge and Healing in the Early Modern Atlantic (Chapel Hill, 2017).

David Green, ‘Masculinity and Medicine: Thomas Walsingham and the Death of the Black Prince’, Journal of Medieval History 35 (2009), 34-51.

Monica Green (ed.), ‘Pandemic Disease in the Medieval World: Rethinking the Black Death’, special issue of The Medieval Globe 1 (2014)

Roy Hanes, Ivan Brown and Nancy Hansen (eds), The Routledge History of Disability (London, 2018)

Mark Jackson, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Medicine (Oxford, 2013) [all useful but see especially the themes and methods section].

Colin Jones and Roy Porter (eds), Reassessing Foucault:  Power, Medicine and the Body (London, 1994).

Joan Lane, A Social History of Medicine: Health, Healing and Disease in England, 1750-1950 (London, 2001).

Mary Lindemann, Medicine and Society in Early Modern Europe, 2nd edn (Cambridge, 2010).

Iona McCleery, 'Both "Illness and Temptation of the Enemy": Melancholy, the Medieval Patient and the Writings of King Duarte of Portugal (r. 1433-38)', Journal of Medieval Iberian Studies, 1:2 (2009), 163-78.

Iona McCleery, ‘Medical ‘Emplotment’ and Plotting Medicine: Health and Disease in Late Medieval Portuguese Chronicles’, Social History of Medicine 24 (2011), 125-41.

Michael R. McVaugh, Medicine before the Plague: Practitioners and their Patients in the Crown of Aragon, 1285-1345 (Cambridge, 1993). 

Irina Metzler, ‘Disability in the Middle Ages: Impairment at the Intersection of Historical Inquiry and Disability Studies’, History Compass 9:1 (2011), 45-60.

Roy Porter (ed.), Patients and Practitioners: Lay Perceptions of Medicine in Pre-Industrial Society (Cambridge, 1985).

Sara Ritchey and Sharon Strocchia (eds.), Gender, Health and Healing, 1250-1550 (Amsterdam, 2020).

Michael Stolberg, Experiencing Illness and the Sick Body in Early-Modern Europe (Basingstoke, 2011).

Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins (eds), Colonial Caring: a History of Colonial and Post-Colonial Nursing (Manchester, 2015).

Weisser, Olivia, Ill Composed: Sickness, Gender and Belief in Early Modern England (New Haven, 2015).

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Week 6: Individual meetings with Module Tutor

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Week 7: Memory and Memorialisation (Dr Emily Brady)

Required readings:

Kevin Bruyneel, “The King’s Body: The Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial and the Politics of Collective Memory,” History and Memory 26:1 (Spring / Summer 2014): 75-108.

Sarah C VanderHaagen, “(Mis)quoting King: commemorative stewardship and ethos in the controversy over the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial,” Argumentation and advocacy, 55:2 (2019), p.91-114

Renée Ater, “Communities in Conflict: Memorializing Martin Luther King Jr. in Rocky Mount, North Carolina” Indiana Magazine of History, Vol. 110, No. 1, Special Issue—Art, Race, Space (March 2014), pp. 32-39

Further Reading

Derek H. Alderman, “Creating a New Geography of Memory in the South: (Re) Naming of Streets in Honor of Martin Luther King, Jr.,” Southeastern Geographer,  36:1 (1996), p.51–69.

Derek H Alderman, "Street names and the scaling of memory: the politics of commemorating Martin Luther King, Jr within the African American community," Area, Vol:2 (2003), 163-173

Derek H. Alderman, “Street Names as Memorial Arenas: The Reputational Politics of Commemorating Martin Luther King Jr. in a Georgia County,” Historical Geography, 2002, Vol. 30, p.99–120.

Carole Blaire, Greg Dickinson, and Brian L. Ott. 2010. “Introduction: Rhetoric/Memory/Place.” In Places of Public Memory: The Rhetoric of Museums and Memorials, edited by Greg Dickinson, Carole Blair, and Brian L. Ott,  (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press), pp.1–54.

Carole Blair & Neil Michel, “Reproducing civil rights tactics: The rhetorical performances of the civil rights memorial,” Rhetoric Society Quarterly, 30:2 (2000), p.31-55.

Rebecca Louise Carter, “Valued Lives in Violent Places: Black Urban Placemaking at a Civil Rights Memorial in New Orleans,” City & Society, 26:2 (2014), p.239-261.

Owen J. Dwyer, “Interpreting the Civil Rights Movement: Place, Memory, and Conflict,” The Professional Geographer, 52:4 (2000), 660-671.

Steve Estes, 'Engendering Movement Memories: Remembering Race and Gender in the Mississippi Movement' in Renee C. Romano and Leigh Raiford, eds., The Civil Rights Movement in American Memory (Athens & London: The University of Georgia Press, 2006), pp.290-321 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Ryan Erik McGeough, Catherine Helen Palczewski, and Randall A. Lake, “Oppositional Memory Practices: U.S. Memorial Spaces as Arguments over Public Memory,” Argumentation and Advocacy, 51:4 (2015), p.231–254.

Brianne McGonigle Leyh, “Imperatives of the Present: Black Lives Matter and the politics of memory and memorialization,” Netherlands quarterly of human rights, 38:4 (2020), p.239-245.

Owen J. Dwyer, “Location, Politics, and the Production of Civil Rights Memorial Landscapes,” Urban geography, 23:1 (2002), p.31-56.

Owen J. Dwyer and Derek H. Alderman, Civil Rights Memorials And The Geography Of Memory (The Centre for American Places at Columbia College Chicago, 2008),

Richard H. King, 'Politics and Fictional Representation: The Case of the Civil Rights Movement' in Brian Ward and Tony Badger, eds., The making of Martin Luther King and the civil rights movement (Basingstoke: Macmillan 1996), pp.162-180. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva   

Julie D. Nelson, “Memorializing the Civil Rights Movement: African American Rhetorics and the International Civil Rights Center and Museum,” Rhetoric review, 40:1 (2021), p.46-58.

Cynthia Fabrizio Pelak, “Institutionalizing Counter-Memories of the U.S. Civil Rights Movement: The National Civil Rights Museum and an Application of the Interest-Convergence Principle,” Sociological Forum, 30:2 (2015), p.305-327.

Christopher D. Rounds, ““Dead Men Make Such Convenient Heroes”: The Use and Misuse of Martin Luther King Jr.’s Legacy as Political Propaganda,” Journal of Black Studies 51:4 (2020): 327-328.

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Week 8: Oral History (Dr Peter Anderson)

Required readings

Thomson, A., ‘Anzac Memories: Putting Popular Memory Theory into Practice in Australia’, Oral History, 18, 1 (1990), pp. 25-31. Available online.

Thomson, A. ‘Making the Most of Memories: The Empirical and Subjective Value of Oral History’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 9 (1999), pp. 291-301.

Thompson, P., ‘Problems of Method in Oral History”, Oral History, 1, 4 (1972), pp. 1-47. Available online.

Additional reading

Blee, K., ‘Evidence, Empathy and Ethics: Lessons from Oral Histories of the Klan’, in Perks, R. and Thomson, A., (eds), The Oral History Reader (London: Routledge, 2016), pp. 424-433.

Borland, K., ‘That’s Not What I Said. Interpretive Conflict in Oral Narrative Research’, in Perks, R. and Thomson, A., (eds), The Oral History Reader (London: Routledge, 2016), pp. 412-423.

Field, S., ‘Imagining Communities. Memory, Loss and Resilience in Post-Apartheid Cape Town’, in Perks, R. and Thomson, A., (eds), The Oral History Reader (London: Routledge, 2016), pp. 581-594.

Portelli, Alessandro, ‘The Peculiarities of Oral History’, History Workshop Journal, 12, 1 (1981), pp. 96-107.

Sheftel, A., and Zembrzycki, S., ‘Only Human: A Reflection on the Ethical and Methodological Challenges of Working with “Difficult” Stories”, The Oral History Review, 32, 2 (2010), pp. 191-214.

Sitzia, L., ‘A Shared Authority: An Impossible Goal?’, The Oral History Review, 30, 1 (2003), pp. 87-101.

Stephens, J., ‘Our Remembered Selves: Oral History and Feminist Memory’, Oral History, 38, 1 (2010), pp. 81-90.

Thomson, A., ‘Sharing Authority: oral History and the Collaborative Process’, The Oral History Review, 30, 1 (2003), pp. 23-26.

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Week 9: Gender (Dr Jessica Meyer)

Key readings

A. Baro, ‘Masculinity, the Embodied Male Worker and the Historian’s Gaze’, International Labour and Working-Class History 69:1 (2006), 143-160.

Gagen, W. ‘Remastering the Body, Renegotiating Gender: Physical Disability and Masculinity during the First World War, the Case of J. B. Middlebrook’, European Review of History: Revue européenne d'histoire,, 14 (2007), pp.525-541

Roper, M., ‘Slipping Out of View: Subjectivity and Emotion in Gender History’ History workshop journal. 59:1 (2005), 57-72 []

Scott, J.W., ‘Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis’, The American historical review., Vol. 91, No. 5 (1986), 1053-1075. []

Further Reading

Women and femininities

Appignanesi, L. Mad, bad and sad : a history of women and the mind doctors from 1800 to the present (London, 2008).    

Bingham, A. ‘An Era of Domesticity'? Histories of Women and Gender in Interwar Britain’, Cultural and social history. 1:2 (2004), pp.225-233.

Bock, G., ‘Women's History and Gender History: Aspects of an International Debate’, Gender & history. 1:1 (1989).

Davidoff, L., ‘Gender and the "Great Divide": Public and Private in British Gender History’, Journal of women's history. 15:1 (2003), 11-27.

Digby, A., ‘Poverty, Health and the Politics of Gender in Britain, 1870-1948’ in Digby, A. and Stewart, J. (eds), Gender, health and welfare (Oxford, 1996), 67-90.   

Duden, Barbara, 'Towards a history of the body', chapter 1 of The woman beneath the skin : a doctor's patients in eighteenth-century Germany (Cambridge, MA, 1991)   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Hall, C., White, Male and Middle Class (Cambridge: Polity, 1995).

Heggie, V., ‘Women Doctors and Lady Nurses: Class, Education, and the Professional Victorian Woman’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine 89 (2015), pp.267-92

Higonnet, M. and P. Higonnet, ‘The Double Helix’, in M.R. Higonnet, J. Jenson, S. Michel and M. Collins (eds), Behind the lines : gender and the two world wars (London, 1987), pp.31-47.     

John, M.E., Discrepant dislocations : feminism, theory, and postcolonial histories (Berkeley, University of California Press, 1996)

Lewis, R., Gendering Orientalism : race, femininity, and representation (London: Routledge, 1996), intro and ch. 1.

Liddle, J., and S. Rai, ‘Feminism, Imperialism and Orientalism: the challenge of the Indian woman’Women's history review., 7:4 (1998).

Marland, H., ‘Women, Health and Medicine’ in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Medicine, edited by Mark Jackson (Oxford, 2011), pp.484-502.    

Mohanty, C.T., ‘Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses’, Feminist review. (1988), [].

Poovey, M., Uneven developments: the ideological work of gender in mid-Victorian England, (London: Virago, 1989).

Riley, D., ‘Am I That Name?’: Feminism and the Category of ‘Woman’ in History (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 1988).  

Schiebinger, Londa, ‘Skeletons in the Closet: the First Illustration of the Female Skeleton in Eighteenth-Century Anatomy’, Representations 14 (1986): 42-82.

Tilly, L.A., ‘Gender, Women's History, and Social History’, Social Science History 13:4 (1989), 439-462.

Toulalan, Sarah and Kate Fisher, The Routledge History of Sex and the Body in the West: 1500 to the present (London, 2013)

Vickery, A., ‘Golden Age to Separate Spheres? A Review of the Categories and Chronology of English Women's History’, The historical journal., 36:2 (1993), 383-414.

Vickery, A., The gentleman's daughter : women's lives in Georgian England (New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 1998).

Zweiniger-Bargielowska, I. (ed.), Women in Twentieth-Century Britain: Social, Cultural and Political Change (London, 2001), chapters 6 and 7.

Men and masculinities

Arnold, J.H. and S. Brady (eds), What is masculinity? [electronic resource] : historical dynamics from antiquity to the contemporary world (Basingstoke, 2011).

Begiato, J. ‘Between Poise and Power: Embodied Manliness in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century British Culture’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 26 (2016), 125-47.

Bourke, J. Dismembering the Male: Men’s bodies, Britain and the Great War (London, 1996), chapter 1.   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

________., ‘Love and Limblessness: Male Heterosexuality, Disability, and the Great War’, Journal of War & Culture Studies (2015), pp.1-17

Connell, R. W., ‘The Big Picture: Masculinities in Recent World History', Theory and society., 22:5, Special Issue: Masculinities (1993), 597-623.

________.,  'The history of masculinity' in Rachel Adams and David Savran (eds), The masculinity studies reader (2002).

Francis, M., 'The Domestication of the Male? Recent Research on Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century British Masculinity', The historical journal. 45:3 (2002), 637-652.

Harvey, K., ‘Epochs of Embodiment: Men, Women and the Material Body’, Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies (2019): 455-469.

Harvey, K. and A. Shepard, ‘What Have Historians Done with Masculinity? Reflections on Five Centuries of British History, circa 1500–1950’, The journal of British studies. 44 (2005), pp.274-80.

Heathorn, S., 'How Stiff were their Upper Lips? Research on Late-Victorian and Edwardian Masculinity', History compass. 2 (2004) BI 093, 1–7.

Houlbrook, M., Queer London : perils and pleasures in the sexual metropolis, 1918-1957 (Chicago, 2006).

Lorber, J., “Men's Gender Politics.” Gender and Society, vol. 12, no. 4, 1998, pp. 469–472. JSTOR,

Martin, P.Y., “Why Can't a Man Be More like a Woman? Reflections on Connell's Masculinities.” Gender and Society, vol. 12, no. 4, 1998, pp. 472–474. JSTOR,

Segal, L. Slow Motion: Changing Masculinities, Changing Men (3rd edn, Basingstoke, 2007).

Sinha, M., Colonial masculinity : the 'manly Englishman' and the 'effeminate Bengali' in the late nineteenth century (Manchester University Press, 1995)

________., ‘Giving Masculinity a History: Some Contributions from the Historiography of Colonial India’, Gender & history. 11:3 (1999), 445–460.

Smith, H., Masculinity, class and same-sex desire in industrial England, 1895-1957 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015).

Tosh, J., Manliness and masculinities in nineteenth-century Britain : essays on gender, family and empire (Pearson Education, 2005).

________. Hegemonic masculinity and the history of gender’ in Stefan Dudink, Karen Hagemann and John Tosh (eds), Masculinities in Politics and War: Gendering Modern History (Manchester, 2004), 41-58.   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

________. ‘What Should Historians Do with Masculinity? Reflections on Nineteenth-Century Britain’, History workshop., 38 (1994), 179-202. []

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Week 10: Biography (Professor Stephen Alford)

Required Reading

Inglis, Fred, ‘The short happy life of Frank Thompson’, in The cruel peace: living through the Cold War (London: Aurum Press, 1992), pp. 3-31.
  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (chg 09/09/2020) 

Moxham, Noah, ‘An experimental “Life” for an experimental life: Richard Waller’s biography of Robert Hooke (1705)’, British Journal for the History of Science, 49 (2016), pp. 27-51.

Further reading

AHR roundtable on historians and biography, American Historical Review, 114 (2009), pp. 573-661 [see Banner, Fleming and Kessler-Harris below]

Banner, Lois W., ‘Biography as history’, American Historical Review, 114 (2009), pp. 579-86

Bradford, Richard, ed., Life writing: essays on autobiography, biography and literature (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009).

Caine, Barbara, ‘Biography and the question of historical distance’, in Rethinking historical distance, ed. Mark Salber Phillips, Barbara Caine and Julia Adeney Thomas (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), pp. 67-83.    

Cannadine, David, ‘From biography to history: writing the modern British monarchy’, Historical Research, 77 (2004), pp. 289-312.

Collingwood, R.G., The idea of history, ed. Jan van der Dussen (2005 edn), pp. 302-4.    

Fleming, Robin, ‘Writing biography at the edge of history’, American Historical Review, 114 (2009), pp. 606-14.

Hacohen, Malachi, ‘Rediscovering intellectual biography – and its limits’, History of Political Economy, 39 annual supplement (2007), pp. 9-29.

Kessler-Harris, Alice, ‘Why biography?’, American Historical Review, 114 (2009), pp. 625-30.

Murphy, Clare M., ‘Erasmus as biographer of Thomas More and his family’, in Erasmus and the Renaissance republic of letters, ed. Stephen Ryle (Turnhout: Brepols, 2014), pp. 85-104.   OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 14/10/2020) 

Roberts, Brian, ‘Biography, time and local history-making’, Rethinking History, 8 (2004), pp. 89-102.

Thomas, Keith, Changing conceptions of national biography: the Oxford DNB in historical perspective (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Wendorf, Richard, The elements of life: biography and portrait-painting in Stuart and Georgian England (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990.

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Week 11: Individual meetings with module tutor 

This list was last updated on 13/09/2021