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IDEA5210M
Module Reading List

Introduction to Ethics: Reasons, Motivation, Obligations and Happiness, 2021/22, Semester B02
Professor Chris Megone
c.b.megone@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Required Reading

Below is a list of the required readings for this module. Links to these readings can also be found in the Unit teaching materials.

Unit 1.1:

The first reading is two extracts from Plato's Republic. Plato's work is freely available online but can be difficult to navigate. We have provided you with links to the extracts, taken from the Perseus Digital Library:

Part 2 Chapter 5 available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva.

We would also like you to read an extract from Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment. This novel is also freely available online. We have provided links to one source, but if you have a copy of the novel, feel free to read your own version. Please note that the translation here is not the best, but is sufficient for our purposes.

Part 1 Chapter 2 available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva.

Unit 1.2:

Louis P. Pojman, Chapter 2: ‘Ethical Relativism’ from Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong, 5th Edition, (Belmont: Thomson, 2006). Available as an Online Course Reading

Unit 1.3:

Aristotle, Extracts from Nicomachean Ethics, in Sommers, Vice & Virtue in Everyday Life, pp. 279-295. Available as an Online Course Reading. Note that for this unit you only need to read pages 279-295.

Unit 1.4:

Aristotle, Extracts from Nicomachean Ethics, in Sommers, Vice & Virtue in Everyday Life, pp. 570-579. Available as an Online Course Reading. Note that for this unit you only need to read pages 570-579.

Unit 1.5:

David Hume, Extracts from Treatise of Human Nature, in Morgan, Classics of Moral and Political Philosophy. Link to online source: Treatise of Human Nature: 

  • Book II (Of the Passions), Part III (Of the Will and Direct Passions), Section 3 (Of the Influencing Motives of the Will). 
  • Book III (Of Morals) Part I (of Virtue and Vice in General), Sections 1 and 2. 
  • Book III, Part II (Of Justice and Injustice), Sections 1 and 2. 

Unit 1.6:

John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism, Section 2. Available as an Online Course Reading.

Bernard Williams, ‘A Critique of Utilitarianism’, in Nigel Warbuton, Philosophy : basic readings, (London: Routledge, 2005). Available as an eBook through the Library.

Unit 1.7:

Immanuel Kant, Extracts from Groundwork of the metaphysics of morals. Available as an Online Course Reading.

Unit 1.8:

There is no required reading for this unit.

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Further Reading

Below is a list of further reading. These will be helpful for you when you are working on your essay. We have provided links to those that are available online, but for many of them you will need to visit a library. Some of the books may be available to view on Google Books, so it is worth checking there.

General

Baron, M., Pettit, P., and Slote, M. Three methods of ethics : a debate (Oxford: Blackwell, 1997).   

Becker, L. and Becker, C. (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Ethics, (Garland, 1992).

Benn, Piers, Ethics, (UCL Press, 1998). Chadwick, R. (ed.), Encyclopedia of applied ethics (San Diego, Academic Press, 1997).

Darwall, Stephen L. ‘Theories of Ethics’, in Frey, R.G. and Wellman, Christopher Heath, (eds.) A Companion to Practice Ethics, (Malden, MA.: Blackwell, 2003).

Irwin, T., The Development of Ethics, Volume 1, (Oxford University Press, 2007) 

Morgan, Michael L. (ed.), Classics of Moral and Political Theory, (Hackett: 2001).

Norman, Richard, The Moral Philosophers, (Clarendon Press, 1983).   

Nussbaum, Martha, The Fragility of Goodness, (Cambridge University Press, 1986).

Singer, Peter (ed.), A companion to ethics, (Blackwell, 1991).

Singer, Peter (ed.), Ethics, (Oxford University Press, 1994).   

White, James E. (ed.), Contemporary Moral Problems, (West, 1993).   

On what kind of life to live

Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, Books I and X.

Annas, J., The Morality of Happiness, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993). Ch. 1    

Irwin, T., The Development of Moral Philosophy, Volume 1, (Oxford University Press, 2007), Chapters 5-9.    

Kenny, Anthony, ‘Happiness’, in Joel Feinberg (ed.), Moral concepts, (Oxford University Press, 1969).   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Kraut, R., ‘Two Conceptions of Happiness’, Philosophical review. Vol. 88, No. 2, (1979), pp. 167-197.

Singer, Peter, How are we to live? : ethics in an age of self-interest, (Mandarin, 1994), especially Chapters 1 and 8-11.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Whiting, Jennifer, “Aristotle’s Function Argument: A Defense”, Ancient Philosophy 8 (1988), (1):33-48.   OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 05/10/2020) 

Aristotle and Virtue Ethics

Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle of morals to Nicomachus. Book the first. Translated by Edmd. Pargiter Esq; [electronic resource]...,Book I, and Nicomachean ethics. Books II-IV,

Annas, J., The Morality of Happiness, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993). Ch. 1    

Burnyeat, M., "Aristotle on Learning to Be Good", in A. Rorty (ed.) Essays on Aristotle's Ethics (UCLA Press, 1980)   

Crisp, Roger (ed.), How should one live? : essays on the virtues, (Oxford University Press, 1996).

Geach, Peter, The virtues, (Cambridge University Press, 1977), especially Chapter 1. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Hursthouse, Rosalind, Beginning lives, (Blackwell, 1987), Chapter 6, Section 2. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Hursthourse, Rosalind, On virtue ethics, (Oxford University Press, 2000).

Hursthouse, Rosalind, ‘Virtue Ethics’, Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Spring 2009 Edition), E. N. Zalta (ed.).

Irwin, T., The Development of Moral Philosophy, Volume 1, (Oxford University Press, 2007), Chapters 6-9.    

Kraut, Richard, ‘Aristotle's Ethics’, Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Summer 2010 Edition), E. N. Zalta (ed.).

Macintyre, Alasdair, After Virtue, (Duckworth, 1982).

Wallace, J.D., Virtues and vices, (Cornell University Press, 1978).   

Whiting, Jennifer, “Aristotle’s Function Argument: A Defense”, Ancient Philosophy 8 (1988), (1):33-48.   OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 05/10/2020) 

Utilitarianism

Brink, David, ‘Mill's Moral and Political Philosophy’, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2008 Edition), E. N. Zalta (ed.).

Ewing, A.C., Ethics (New York: Free Press, 1965), Chapter 3. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (IK 28/10/2021) 

Pettit, P., ‘Consequentialism’, in Singer, Peter (ed.), A companion to ethics (Blackwell, 1991).

Quinton, A., Utilitarian Ethics, (Open Court, 1989).

Scheffler, S., The Rejection of Consequentialism, (Oxford University Press, 1992).

Sen, A., and Williams, B., Utilitarianism and beyond (Cambridge University Press, 1982).

Smart, J.J.C., and Williams, B., Utilitarianism : for and against, (Cambridge University Press, 1973).

Williams, B., Morality: An Introduction to Ethics, (Cambridge University Press), Chapter 10.

Hume

Cohon, Rachel, ‘Hume's Moral Philosophy’, Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Fall 2010 Edition), E. N. Zalta (ed.).

Irwin, T., The Development of Moral Philosophy, Volume 2, (Oxford University Press, 2008), Chapters 55-59.    

Kant and Deontology

Bird, Graham, ‘Part III: The Moral Philosophy’, in Graham Bird, (ed), A Companion to Kant, (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009).

Davis, N., ‘Contemporary Deontology’, in Singer, Peter (ed.), A companion to ethics (Blackwell, 1991).

Irwin, T., The Development of Moral Philosophy, Volume 3, (Oxford University Press, 2011), esp Chapters 66-68.    

Johnson, Robert, ‘Kant's Moral Philosophy’, Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Summer 2010 Edition), E. N. Zalta (ed.).

Korsgaard, C., Creating the Kingdom of Ends, (Cambridge University Press, 1996). Some of the chapters of this book were previously published as journal articles and are available freely online: ‘Kant's Formula of Universal Law’, Pacific The philosophical quarterly., 66/1-2 (1985): 24-47.; ‘Creating the Kingdom of Ends: Reciprocity and Responsibility in Personal Relationships’, Philosophical perspectives., 6 (1992): 305-332.

O'Neill, O., Constructions of reason : explorations of Kant's practical philosophy, (Cambridge University Press, 1994).

Ross, W.D., The Right and the Good, (Oxford University Press, 1930), Chapter 2.

You should also become accustomed to seeking out additional useful reading material from other sources. It is worthwhile to make a habit of looking at recent journals in the field of applied and professional ethics such as Journal of applied philosophy., Philosophy & public affairs., Res publica. and Ethics.

If you have difficulty finding helpful readings on a topic do seek advice from the module tutors.

This list was last updated on 16/09/2021