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Module Reading List

Professional Issues 1, 2021/22, Semester D02
Dr Robbie Arrell
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Required Readings

Below is a list of the required readings for each unit. Please do make a start on this reading as soon as possible. Where necessary, these readings have been digitised for you by the University library. You may be asked to log in before you can access these readings. The log in details you need are your ISS username and password, which are the same ones that you use to log in to the VLE and Portal.

Unit 1:

Brown, Michael, '"Bats, Rats and Barristers": The Lancet, libel and the radical stylistics of early nineteenth-century English medicine', Social History, 39, 2 (2014): 182-209,

Kipnis, Kenneth, ‘Professional Responsibility and the Responsibility of Professionals’, in Robison and Wade (eds.), Profits and professions : essays in business and professional ethics (Clifton, Humana Press, 1983).  

Unit 2:

Davis, Michael, ‘Thinking Like an Engineer: The Place of a Code of Ethics in the Practice of a Profession’, Philosophy & public affairs., 20/2 (1991): 150-167.

Unit 3:

O'Neill, Onora, ‘ A question of trust ’, Reith Lectures, (BBC, 2002). There are five lectures, you should read all of them (they are quite short). The lectures are also available as audio recordings. Available online  

Unit 4:

Jackson, Jennifer, ‘Telling the Truth’, Journal of medical ethics. 17 (1991): 5-9.

Rachels, James, The Elements of Moral Philosophy, (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1993), Chapter 9. Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

Unit 5:

Mendus, Susan, Politics and Morality, (Cambridge: Polity, 2009), Chapter 1 (pp. 14-36). Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

Paine, Lynn Sharp, ‘Managing for Organizational Integrity’, Harvard Business Review.  Mar/Apr. 72, 2 (1994): 106-117.

Unit 6:

Cottingham, John, ‘Integrity and Fragmentation’, Journal of applied philosophy. 27/1 (2010): 2-14.

Chris Megone: ‘Integrity, Virtue and the Financial Crisis’, in S. Gregg and J. Stoner (eds.) Profit, prudence and virtue [electronic resource] : essays in ethics, business and management, (Imprint Academic, Exeter, 2009), pp. 195–210.

Unit 7:

Gerrard, J.W., ‘Is it ethical for a general practitioner to claim a conscientious objection when asked to refer for abortion? ’, Journal of medical ethics., 35/10 (2009): 599-602.

Cohen, Carl, ‘Conscientious Objection’, Ethics. 78/4 (1968): 269-279.

Unit 8:

Schinzinger, Roland, Introduction to Engineering Ethics (Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2000), Chapter 5. (ONLY pp. 167-181 ARE REQUIRED) Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

W.D. Ross (2002), ‘What makes right acts right?’, The Right and the Good, (Oxford: Clarendon Press) ch. 2, pp. 16-64. Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

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Further Reading

Below is a list of further reading. These will be helpful for you when you are working on your essays. We have digitised as many as possible, and provided links to those that are available online, but for many of them you will need to visit a library. Some of the books may be available to view on Google Books, so it is worth checking there.

What is a profession?

Trebilcock, Michael, ‘The Professions and Public Policy: the Nature of the Agenda’, in Slayton, Philip (ed.), The Professions and public policy, (London: University of Toronto Press, 1978). Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

Illich, Ivan, ‘The Need Makers’, in Slayton, Philip (ed.), The Professions and public policy (London: University of Toronto Press, 1978). Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

Illich, Ivan, Deschooling Society, (London: Marion Boyars, 2002), Chapter 6. Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

Esland, Geoff, The Politics of work and occupations, (Milton Keynes: Open University Press, 1980), Chapter 7. Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

Bennion, F.A.R., Professional ethics : the consultant professions and their code, (London: C. Knight, 1969), Chapter 1. Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

Harrison, Stephen, Controlling health professionals : the future of work and organisation in the National Health Service, (Buckingham: Open University Press, 1994), Chapter 1. Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

Robinson, Simon, Engineering, business and professional ethics, (London: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2007), Chapter 1. Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

Codes of conduct

Recommended: Frankel, M.S., ‘Professional Codes: Why, How, and with What Impact? ’, Journal of business ethics. 8 (1989): 109-115.

Recommended: Beyerstein, Dale, ‘The Functions and Limitations of Professional Codes of Ethics’ in Winkler, E.R., and Coombs, J.R. (eds.), Applied ethics : a reader, (Blackwell, 1993). Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

Jackson, Jennifer, ‘Common Codes: Divergent Practices’, in Chadwick, Ruth (ed.), Ethics and the Professions, (Avebury: Ashgate, 1994). Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

Dawson, A.J., ‘Professional Codes of Practice and Ethical Conduct’, Journal of applied philosophy. 11/2 (1994): 145-153.

Boyens, Mark, The quest for responsibility : accountability and citizenship in complex organisations, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).   

Fisher, Colin, and Lovell, Alan, Business Ethics and Values: Individual, Corporate and Interational Perspectives, (Pearson Education, 2006).

Davis, Michael, ‘Eighteen Rules for Writing a Code of Professional Ethics’, Science and engineering ethics., 13/2 (2007): 171-189.

Davis, Michael, ‘What Can We Learn by Looking for the First Code of Professional Ethics? ’, Theoretical medicine and bioethics. 24/5 (2003).

See also: Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions, Bibliography on Professional Codes of Ethics.


O'Neill, Onora, Autonomy and trust in bioethics, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

O'Neill, Onora, A question of trust (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).   

Hardin, Russell, Trust, (Cambridge: Polity, 2006).  

Jackson Jennifer, Truth, trust and medicine, (London: Routledge, 2001).

Brien, Andrew, ‘Professional Ethics and the Culture of Trust’, Journal of business ethics., 17 (1998): 391-409.

Mawer, Philip, ‘Public Trust in the Professions’, MS available from website of the Actuarial Profession.

Cowton, Christopher, ‘Trust in the Financial Sector’, IDEA CETL website.   

Kuhse, H. and P. Singer, (eds.), A companion to bioethics, (Blackwell, 2001), Part IX, Section on Truth-telling.

Pellegrino, Edmund D., ‘Trust and Distrust in Professional Ethics’, in Edmund D. Pellegrino, Robert M. Veatch and John P. Langan (eds.), Ethics, trust, and the professions : philosophical and cultural aspects (Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 1991); other chapters in this collection also relevant.   

Gambetta, Diego, (ed.), Trust: Making and Breaking Cooperative Relations, (Oxford: Blackwell, 1988).   

Strudler, Alan, ‘Deception and trust’, in Clarence Martin (ed.), The philosophy of deception (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009).


Mendus, Susan, Politics and Morality, (Cambridge: Polity, 2009).

McFall, Lynne, ‘Integrity’, Ethics. 98/1 (1987): 5-20.

Montefiore, Alan and David Vines (eds.), Integrity in the public and private domains, (London: Routledge, 1999).

Williams, Bernard, Utilitarianism : for and against For and Against, (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1973).

Harcourt, Edward, ‘Integrity, Practical Deliberation and Utilitarianism’, The philosophical quarterly., 48/191 (1998): 189-198.

Cox, Damian, Marguerite La Caze and Michael Levine, ‘Integrity’ in Edward N. Zalta (ed.) Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (online version) 2006.

Cowton, Christopher, ‘The P.D. Leake Lecture 2007, Meeting the Ethics Challenge: Prospects and Proposals for Promoting Professional Integrity’, Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales, ‘Reporting with Integrity’, Information for Better Markets series, (London: ICAEW, 2007). available at

Graham, Jody L., ‘Does Integrity Require Moral Goodness? ’, Ratio. (new series) XIV (2001): 234-251.

Frankfurt, Harry G., ‘Identification and Wholeheartedness’ in The importance of what we care about : philosophical essays, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988).

Berry, Christopher M., Paul R. Sackett and Wiemann, Shelly, ‘A Review of Recent Developments in Integrity Test Research’, Personnel psychology., 60 (2007): 271-301.

Becker, Thomas E., ‘Integrity in Organizations: Beyond Honesty and Conscientiousness’, The Academy of Management review., 23/1 (1998): 154-161.

Ashford, Elizabeth, ‘Utilitarianism, Integrity, and Partiality’, The Journal of Philosophy, 97/8 (2000): 421-439.

Audi, Robert and Patrick E. Murphy, ‘The Many Faces of Integrity’, Business ethics quarterly, 16/1 (2000): 3-21.


Macintyre, Alasdair, After Virtue (London: Duckworth, 1981), Chapter 15.

Wolf, Susan, ‘Moral Psychology and the Unity of the Virtues’, Ratio., 20 (2009): 145-167.

Aristotle, Nicomachean ethics, book six, chs 5 and 8-13 (in OUP version).

Conscientious objection

Benn, Piers, ‘The Role of Conscience in Medical Ethics’, in Athanassoulis, N. (ed.), Philosophical reflections on medical ethics, (Palgrave, 2005). Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

Winclair, M.R., ‘Conscientious Objection in Medicine’, Bioethics., 14 (2000):205-27.

Jackson, Jennifer, Ethics in medicine, (Oxford: Polity), Chapter 5. Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE

Glover, Jonathan, Causing death and saving lives, (Penguin, 1990), pp. 270-273. Available as an Online Course reading in the VLE


Singer, Peter, ‘Famine, Affluence and Morality’, Philosophy & public affairs. 1/3 (1972).


Bok, Sissela, Lying: Moral Choice in Public and Private Life, (Vintage Books, 1999).   

Ryan, Alan, ‘Professional Liars’, Social research., 63/3 (1996): 619-641.


See also: This list of papers by Michael Davis, many of which are relevant to this module.

You should also become accustomed to seeking out additional useful reading material from other sources. It is worthwhile to make a habit of looking at recent journals in the field of applied and professional ethics such as Journal of Applied Philosophy, Philosophy and Public Affairs, Res Publica and Ethics.

If you have difficulty finding helpful readings on a topic do seek advice from the module tutors.


This list was last updated on 29/11/2021