Skip to main content

MEDV5330M
Module Reading List

The Medieval Tournament: Combat and Spectacle in Western Europe, 1100-1600, 2021/22, Semester 1
Dr Alan Murray
a.v.murray@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Locations

BL= Brotherton Library

EB = Edward Boyle Library

HDC = Edward Boyle Library High Demand Collection

JSTOR = http://www.jstor.org/ (access via University Library website)

RA = Royal Armouries Library

VLE = Virtual Learning Environment: https://vlebb.leeds.ac.uk/

Top of page

1. Primary Texts

Antoine de la Sale, Jean de Saintré : a late medieval education in love and chivalry ISBN: 9780812245868 (hbk. : alk. paper), trans. Roberta L. Kruger and Jane H. M. Taylor (Philadelphia, 2014) [BL]

Burgkmair, Hans, Triumphs of the emperor Maximilian I ISBN: 9780649162482, ed. Alfred Aspland, 2 vols (London: Holbein Society 1873) [RA]

Burgkmair, Hans, Turnierbuch von 1529, ed. Heinrich Pallmann (Leipzig: Hiersemann, 1910) [RA]  

Burgkmair, Hans, Turnierzug, ed. Hans Stocklein (München: Verlag für Historische Waffenkunde, 1924) [RA]  

The Chivalric Biography of Boucicaut, Jean II Le Meingre, trans. Craig Taylor and Jane H. M. Taylor (Woodbridge, 2016), pp. 42-52     

Chrétien de Troyes, ‘Erec et Enide’, trans. Carleton W. Carroll, in Arthurian Romances, ed. William W. Kibler (Penguin: Harmondsworth, 2004) [BL, EBL].

Clemmensen, Steen (ed.), Le Tournoi de Chauvency 31.09 – 6.10.1285. Poëme de Jacques Bretel An armorial of the knights, ladies, and heralds mentioned from the edition by Maurice Delbouille, 1932: https://www.armorial.dk/tournaments/Chauvency.pdf

‘The Declaration of the Pas d’Armes of the Golden Tree [Bruges 1468]’, in Ralph D. Moffat, ‘The medieval tournament : chivalry, heraldry and reality : an edition and analysis of three fifteenth-century tournament manuscripts (unpublished PhD thesis, University of Leeds, 2010), pp. 51-53 and 239-45 (VLE).

‘Feats of Arms at Tours, 1446/7’, in Ralph D. Moffat, ‘The medieval tournament : chivalry, heraldry and reality : an edition and analysis of three fifteenth-century tournament manuscripts (unpublished PhD thesis, University of Leeds, 2010), pp. 73-81, 85-92, 253-58, 297-304 (VLE).

Froissart, John, Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the adjoining countries : from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV , trans. Thomas Johnes (London, 1868). 2 vols with chromolithographs [RA]

Froissart, Jean, Chronicles, trans. Geoffrey Brereton (London: Harmondsworth 1978) [BL]

Froissart, Jean, ‘The Tournament at St. Ingelvert’, trans. Steve Muhlberger [handout]

Gilbert of Mons, Chronicle of Hainaut, trans. Laura Napran (Woodbridge, 2005). [BL]

The Great tournament roll of Westminster ; a collotype reproduction of the manuscript, ed. Sydney Anglo, 2 vols (Oxford, 1968). [RA]  

Hall, Edward, Chronicles, Containing the History of England … (London, 1809) [RA and at https://archive.org/details/hallschronicleco00halluoft]

The History of William Marshal, ed. A.J. Holden, trans. S. Gregory, 3 vols (London: Anglo-Norman Text Society, 2002-2006) [BL]

Jacques Bretel, Le Tournoi de Chauvency, manuscript and images from MS Oxford, Bodlein Library, fols 107-139v at:

https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/dd9d1160-196b-48a3-9427-78c209689c1f/surfaces/f129cd88-3883-4041-83bc-78066871bfe6/

‘Jousts of My Lord Antoine Bastard of Burgundy Done in England’, in Ralph D. Moffat, ‘The medieval tournament : chivalry, heraldry and reality : an edition and analysis of three fifteenth-century tournament manuscripts(unpublished PhD thesis, University of Leeds, 2010), pp. 92-93 and 304-31 (VLE)

Olivier de La Marche, Historia Nuptiarum Caroli ducis Burgundiae: Description inédite des fêtes célébrées à Bruges en 1468 à l’occasion du mariage du duc Charles le Téméraire avec Marguerite d’York, ed. A. Dufor (Dijon, 1877) [RA].  

[René d’Anjou], Le Livre des tournois du roi René, de la Bibliothèque nationale (ms. français 2695) ISBN: 2733501291 : 250F, ed. François Avril (Paris: Herscher, 2010)

King René, A Treatise on the Form and Organisation of a Tournament, trans. Elizabeth Bennett. http://www.princeton.edu/~ezb/rene/renebook.html

Ruxner, Georg, Stamm und Turnierbuch, 2 vols (Editions Ebory, 1984) [RA] [16th-century editions will also be used in seminars]  

‘Sir Philippe de Lalaing’s Pas d’armes of the Perron Phae, Bruges 1463’, in Ralph D. Moffat, ‘The medieval tournament : chivalry, heraldry and reality : an edition and analysis of three fifteenth-century tournament manuscripts (unpublished PhD thesis, University of Leeds, 2010), pp. 82-85 and 265-95.

Turnierbuch: Ritterspiele gehalten von Kaiser Friedrich III. und Kaiser Maximilian I. in den Jahren 1489-1511. MS Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Cod.icon. 398. Access via: http://bildsuche.digitale-sammlungen.de/index.html?c=viewer&bandnummer=bsb00002178&pimage=00019&l=de

The Tournaments at Le Hem and Chauvency. Sarrasin: The Romance of Le Hem; Jacques Bretel: The Tournament at Chauvency, trans. Nigel Bryant (Woodbridge, 2020) 
  
  

‘To Cry a Joust [Smithfield Tournament 1390]’, in Ralph D. Moffat, ‘The medieval tournament : chivalry, heraldry and reality : an edition and analysis of three fifteenth-century tournament manuscripts (unpublished PhD thesis, University of Leeds, 2010), pp. 64-72 and 250-52 (VLE)

Ulrich von Liechtenstein's Service of ladies, trans. J. W. Thomas (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2004).   OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 14/12/2020) 

Wolfram von Eschenbach, Parzival and Titurel, trans. Cyril Edwards (Oxford: World’s Classics, 2006), esp. Books I-II.

Top of page

2. Knighthood and Chivalry: General Works

Barber, Richard, The Knight and Chivalry (London, 1970) [BL]

Bumke, Joachim, Courtly culture : literature and society in the high Middle Ages (Berkeley, 1991) [BL and HDC]     OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 14/12/2020) 

A Companion to Chivalry, ed. Robert W. Jones and Peter Coss (Woodbridge, 2019) [ebook in BL]

Coss, Peter, The knight in medieval England, 1000-1400(Stroud, 1995) [BL]

Crouch, David, William Marshal : knighthood, war and chivalry, 1147-1219, 2nd edn (London, 2002) [BL]

Duby, Georges, The Chivalrous Society (Berkeley, 1980). [HDC]

Duby, Georges, William Marshal : the flower of chivalry, trans. Richard Howard (New York, 1985)

Encyclopedia of dress and textiles in the British Isles c. 450-1450, ed. Gale R. Owen-Crocker, Elizabeth Coatsworth and Maria Hayward (Leiden, 2012).

Kaeuper, Richard W., Chivalry and violence in medieval Europe (Oxford, 1999) [BL]

Keen, Maurice, Chivalry (New Haven, 1984) [BL]

Keen, Maurice, Nobles, knights, and men-at-arms in the Middle Ages (London, 1996).

Painter, Sidney, William Marshal : knight-errant, baron, and regent of England (Baltimore, 1933).[BL]

Saul, Nigel, For honour and fame : chivalry in England, 1066-1500 (London, 2011) [RA]

Simpkin, David, ‘The Organisation of Chivalric Society’, in A Companion to Chivalry, ed. Robert W. Jones and Peter Coss (Woodbridge, 2019), pp. 39-56

Top of page

3. Tournaments in General (including Essay Collections)

Note that individual articles in essay collections are listed separately in appropriate sections of the bibliography.

Das ritterliche Turnier im Mittelalter : Beiträge zu einer vergleichenden Formen- und Verhaltensgeschichte des Rittertums, ed. Josef Fleckenstein (Göttingen, 1985) [BL]

Arnold, Benjamin, German Knighthood, 1050-1300 (Oxford, 1985) [BL]

Barber, Richard, 'Chivalry in the Tournament and Pas d'Armes', in A Companion to Chivalry, ed. Robert W. Jones and Peter Coss (Woodbridge, 2019), pp. 119-37 [ebook in BL]

Barber, Richard and Juliet Barker, Tournaments : jousts, chivalry and pageants in the Middle Ages (Cambridge, 1989) [EB - HDC]

Barthélemy, Dominique, ‘The Chivalric Transformation and the Origins of Tournament as Seen through Norman Chroniclers’, The Haskins Society journal. 20 (2009), 141-60. [BL]

Chivalry in the Renaissance, ed. Sydney Anglo (Woodbridge, 1990) [RA]

Crouch, David, Tournament (London, 2005) [BL + HDC]

Jackson, William Henry, ‘Lance and Shield in the buhurt’, in German Narrative Literature of the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries, ed. Volker Honemann (Tübingen, 1994), pp. 39–51 [BL and ebook]. 

The Medieval Tournament as Spectacle: Tourneys, Jousts and Pas d’Armes, ed. Alan V. Murray and Karen Watts (Woodbridge, 2020) [BL and ebook] .

Mölk, Ulrich, ‘Philologische Aspekte des Turniers’, in Das ritterliche Turnier im Mittelalter : Beiträge zu einer vergleichenden Formen- und Verhaltensgeschichte des Rittertums, ed. Josef Fleckenstein (Göttingen, 1985), pp. 163-74 [BL]

Titterton, James, ‘Por pris et por enor. Ideas of Honour as Reflected in the Medieval Tournament’, in The Medieval Tournament as Spectacle: Tourneys, Jousts and Pas d’Armes, ed. Alan V. Murray and Karen Watts (Woodbridge, 2020), pp. 44-61

Riddarlek och Tornerspel (Tournaments and the Dream of Chivalry), ed. Lena Rangström (Stockholm, 1992) [RA]  

Turnbull, Stephen, The knight triumphant : the High Middle Ages, 1314-1485 (London, 2001) [RA]

Vale, Juliet, ‘Violence and the Tournament’, in Violence in medieval society, ed. Richard W. Kaeuper (Woodbridge, 2000), pp. 143-158.[BL]

Vale, Malcolm, ‘Le tournoi dans la France du Nord, l’Angleterre et les Pays-Bas (1280-1400): Etude comparative’, in Théâtre et spectacles hier et aujourd'hui. [1], Moyen Âge et Renaissance. Actes du 115e Congrès national des sociétés savantes (Avignon, 1990), Section d’histoire médiévale et de philologie (Paris, 1991), pp. 263-71.

Top of page

4. Tournaments by Region

(a) England and Scotland

Anglo, Sydney, ‘Anglo-Burgundian Feats of Arms, Smithfield, June 1467’, The Guildhall miscellany. 2/7 (1965), 271-83 [RA]

Anglo, Sydney, ‘Archives of the English Tournament: Score Cheques and Lists’, Journal of the Society of Archivists. 2 (1961), 153-162

Anglo, Sydney, ‘Financial and Heraldic Records of the English Tournament’, Journal of the Society of Archivists. 2 (1962), 183-195

Barker, Juliet, The tournament in England, 1100-1400 (Woodbridge, 1986) [BL, EBL, HDC]

Barker, Juliet, and Maurice Keen, ‘The Medieval English Kings and the Tournament’, in Das ritterliche Turnier im Mittelalter : Beiträge zu einer vergleichenden Formen- und Verhaltensgeschichte des Rittertums, ed. Josef Fleckenstein (Göttingen, 1985), pp. 212-28 [BL]  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 16/09/2020) 

Beswick, James, ‘Richard II of England and the Smithfield Tournament of October 1390: An Instrument to Establish Royal Authority’, in The Medieval Tournament as Spectacle: Tourneys, Jousts and Pas d’Armes, ed. Alan V. Murray and Karen Watts (Woodbridge, 2020), pp. 62-76.   

Crouch, David, William Marshal : knighthood, war and chivalry, 1147-1219, 2nd edn (London, 2002) [BL]

Denholm-Young, N., ‘The Tournament in the Thirteenth Century’, in Studies in medieval history presented to Frederick Maurice Powicke, ed. R.W. Hunt et al. (Oxford, 1948), pp. 240-68 [BL]  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 14/12/2020) 

Duby, Georges, William Marshal : the flower of chivalry, trans. Richard Howard (New York, 1985)

Edington, Carol, ‘The Tournament in Medieval Scotland’, in Armies, chivalry and warfare in medieval Britain and France : proceedings of the 1995 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. Matthew Strickland (Woodbridge, 1998), pp. 46-62 [BL]

Forrestier-Walker, Ada L., and T. Matthews, The Tournament at Carew Castle, St. George's Day, AD 1507 (London, 1914) [RA]  

Fradenburg, Louise Olga, City, marriage, tournament : arts of rule in late medieval Scotland (Madison, Wisc., 1991)

Lindenbaum, Sheila, ‘The Smithfield Tournament of 1390’, The journal of medieval and Renaissance studies. 20 (1990), 1-20 [BL]

Nickel, Helmut, ‘About a Crown Found and a Grail Tournament held at the “Castle of the Maiden”’, Arthuriana. 7 (1997), 36-44. [BL]

Norman, A. V. B., ‘A Scottish Tournament of the Early 16th Century’, Livrustkammaren: Journal of the Royal Armoury 19 (1991-92), 88-103 [RA] OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 16/09/2020) 

Sherb, Victor, ‘The Tournament of Power: Public Combat and Social Inferiority in Late Medieval England’, Studies in medieval and Renaissance history.n.s.12 (1991), 105-28.

Stevenson, Katie, Chivalry and knighthood in Scotland, 1424-1513 (Woodbridge, 2006).

Tomkinson, A., ‘Retinues at the Tournament of Dunstable, 1309’, English historical review. 74 (1959), 70-89 [BL]

Vale, Juliet, Edward III and chivalry : chivalric society and its context 1270-1350 (Woodbridge, 1982) [BL]

Watts, Karen, ‘The Field of Cloth of Gold: Arms, Armour and the Sporting Prowess of King Henry VIII and King Francis I’, in The Medieval Tournament as Spectacle: Tourneys, Jousts and Pas d’Armes, ed. Alan V. Murray and Karen Watts (Woodbridge, 2020), pp. 208-37

Whitbread, Rachael, ‘Tournaments, Jousts and Duels: Formal Combats in England and France, circa 1380–1440’ (unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of York, 2013) [http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/5473/].

(b) France and Low Countries (including Burgundy)

Bousmar, Eric, ‘Jousting at the Court of Burgundy. The Pas d’armes: Shifts in Scenario, Location and Recruitment’, in Staging the court of Burgundy : proceedings of the conference 'The splendour of Burgundy', ed. Wim Blockmans et al. (Turnhout, 2013), pp. 75-84.   

Brown, Andrew, ‘Urban Jousts in the Later Middle Ages: The White Bear of Bruges’, Revue belge de philologie et d'histoire = Belgisch tijdschrift voor philologie en geschiedenis. 78 (2000), 315-30 [BL]

Contamine, Philippe, ‘Les tournois en France à la fin du Moyen Age’, in Das ritterliche Turnier im Mittelalter : Beiträge zu einer vergleichenden Formen- und Verhaltensgeschichte des Rittertums, ed. Josef Fleckenstein (Göttingen, 1985), pp. 425-99 [BL]

Damen, Mario, ‘Tournament Culture in the Low Countries and England’, in Contact and exchange in later Medieval Europe : essays in honour of Malcolm Vale, ed. Hannah Skoda, Patrick Lantschner and R. L. J. Shaw (Woodbridge, 2012), pp. 247-65   

Damen, Mario, ‘The Town, the Duke, his Courtiers, and their Tournament. A Spectacle in Brussels, 4-7 May 1439’, in Staging the court of Burgundy : proceedings of the conference 'The splendour of Burgundy', ed. Wim Blockmans et al. (Turnhout, 2013), pp. 85-95.

Gaucher, Elisabeth, ‘Les joutes de Saint-Inglevert: Perception et écriture d’un événement historique pendant la guerre de Cent Ans’, Le moyen âge. 102 (1996), 229-43.

Muhlberger, Steven, Jousts and tournaments : Charny and the rules for chivalric sport in fourteenth century France (Union City, Ca., 2002) RA

Parisse, Michel, ‘Le tournoi en France, des origines à la fin du XIIIe siècle’, in Das ritterliche Turnier im Mittelalter : Beiträge zu einer vergleichenden Formen- und Verhaltensgeschichte des Rittertums, ed. Josef Fleckenstein (Göttingen, 1985), pp. 175-211 [BL]

Paterson, Linda, ‘Tournaments and Knightly Sports in Twelfth- and Thirteenth-Century Occitania’, Medium aevum. 55 (1986), 72-84.

Planche, Alice, ‘Du tournoi au théâtre en Bourgogne. Le Pas de la Fontaine des Pleurs à Chalon-Sur-Saône, 1449-1450’, Le moyen âge. 81 (1975), 97-128.

Regalado, Nancy F., ‘Picturing the Story of Chivalry in Jacques Bretel’s Tournoi de Chauvency (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Douce 308)’, in Tributes to Jonathan J. G. Alexander: Making and Meaning in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, ed. Susan L’Engle and Gerald B. Guest (London, 2006), pp. 341-52 [BL]

Schnerb, B., ‘Rois d’armes, hérauts et poursuivants à la cour de Bourgogne sous Philippe le Hardi et Jean sans Peur (1363-1419), Revue du Nord. 88 (2006), 529-57.

Sturgeon, Justin, ‘Text and Image in René d’Anjou’s Livre des Tournois, c. 1460’ (unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of York, 2015) [http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/11345/].

Van den Neste, Evelyne, Tournois, joutes, pas d'armes dans les villes de Flandre à la fin du Moyen Âge (1300-1468) (Paris, 1996) [RA and BL]

(c) Germany

Anderson, Natalie, ‘The Tournament and its Role in the Court Culture of Emperor Maximilian I (1459-1519)’ (unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Leeds, 2017) [http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/18205/]

Anderson, Natalie, ‘Power and Pageantry: The Tournament at the Court of Maximilian I’, in The Medieval Tournament as Spectacle: Tourneys, Jousts and Pas d’Armes, ed. Alan V. Murray and Karen Watts (Woodbridge, 2020), pp. 185-207

Fleckenstein, Josef, ‘Das Turnier als höfisches Fest im hochmittelalterlichen Deutschland’, in Das ritterliche Turnier im Mittelalter : Beiträge zu einer vergleichenden Formen- und Verhaltensgeschichte des Rittertumsed. Josef Fleckenstein (Göttingen, 1985), pp. 229-56 [BL]

Jackson, William Henry, ‘Tournaments and Battles in Parzival’, in A companion to Wolfram's Parzival, ed. Will Hasty (Columbia, S.C., 1999), pp. 159-84.   

Jackson, William Henry, ‘Tournaments and the German Chivalric Renovatio: Tournament Discipline and the Myth of Origins’, in Chivalry in the Renaissance, ed. Sydney Anglo (Woodbridge, 1990), pp. 77-91 [BL]

Jackson, William Henry, ‘The Tournament and Chivalry in German Tournament Books of the Sixteenth Century and in the Literary Works of Emperor Maximilian I’, in The Ideals and practice of medieval knighthood : papers from the first and second Strawberry Hill conferences, ed. Christopher Harper-Bill and Ruth Harvey (Woodbridge, 1986), pp. 49-73.   

Kaiser Maximilian I: Der letzte Ritter und das höfische Turnier, ed. Sabine Haag, Alfried Wieczorek, Matthias Pfaffenbichler, and Hans-Jürgen Buderer (Regensburg, 2014).

Krieb, Steffen, ‘Erinnerungskultur und adeliges Selbstverständnis im Spätmittelalter’, Zeitschrift für württembergische Landesgeschichte. 60 (2001), 59-75. [BL]

The Last Knight: The Art, Armor and Ambition of Maximilian I, ed. Pierre Terjanian (New York, 2019)

Murray, Alan V., ‘Tourney, Joust, Foreis and Round Table: Tournament Forms in the Frauendienst of Ulrich von Liechtenstein’, in Pleasure and Leisure in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Age: Cultural-Historical Perspectives on Toys, Games, and Entertainment, ed. Albrecht Classen (Berlin, 2019), pp. 365-94 [available on Minerva]

Murray, Alan V., ‘Now Form Up Close Together!’ Tactics and Ethos of the Tourney in Early German Sources (Twelfth to Thirteenth Centuries), in The Medieval Tournament as Spectacle: Tourneys, Jousts and Pas d’Armes, ed. Alan V. Murray and Karen Watts (Woodbridge, 2020), pp. 21-43

Rühl, Joachim, ‘German Tournament Regulations of the 15th Century’, Journal of Sport History 17 (1990), 163–82 [JSTOR]

(d) Iberia

Fallows, Noel, Jousting in medieval and Renaissance Iberia(Woodbridge, 2011) [BL]

(e) Byzantium

Jones, Lynn, and Henry McGuire, ‘A Description of the Jousts of Manuel I Komnenos’, Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 26 (2002), 104-48. [BL]

Top of page

5. The Joust and Pas d'Armes (see also Section 4)

Anglo, Sydney, ‘Archives of the English Tournament: Score Cheques and Lists’, Journal of the Society of Archivists. 2 (1961), 153-62

Blunk, Catherine, ‘Between Sport and Theatre: How Spectacular was the Pas d’armes?’, in The Medieval Tournament as Spectacle: Tourneys, Jousts and Pas d’Armes, ed. Alan V. Murray and Karen Watts (Woodbridge, 2020), pp. 120-38.

Blunk, Catherine, ‘Faux pas in the Chronicles: What Is a Pas d’armes?’, The Medieval Chronicle 11 (2017), 87–107 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 14/12/2020) 

Brown, Andrew, ‘Urban Jousts in the Later Middle Ages: The White Bear of Bruges’, Revue belge de philologie et d'histoire = Belgisch tijdschrift voor philologie en geschiedenis. 78 (2000), 315-30 [BL]

Fallows, Noel, Jousting in medieval and Renaissance Iberia (Woodbridge, 2011) [BL]

Gaucher, Elisabeth, ‘Les joutes de Saint-Inglevert: Perception et écriture d’un événement historique pendant la guerre de Cent Ans’, Le moyen âge. 102 (1996), 229-43. [BL]

Goodman, Jennifer R., ‘Display, Self-Definition, and the Frontiers of Romance in the 1463 Bruges Pas du Perron Fée’, in Persons in Groups: Social Behavior as Identity Formation in Medieval Europe, ed. Richard C. Trexler (Binghamton, N.Y., 1985), pp. 47–54 [BL]

Jones, Lynn, and Henry McGuire, ‘A Description of the Jousts of Manuel I Komnenos’, Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 26 (2002), 104-48. [BL]

McLean, Will, ‘Outrance and plaisance’, Journal of Medieval Military History 8 (2010), 155-70 [BL]  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 14/12/2020) 

Muhlberger, Steven, Jousts and tournaments : Charny and the rules for chivalric sport in fourteenth century France (Union City, Ca., 2002) [RA]

Planche, Alice, ‘Du tournoi au théâtre en Bourgogne. Le Pas de la Fontaine des Pleurs à Châlon-sur-Saône, 1449–1450’, Le Moyen Âge 81 (1975), 97–128 [BL]

Rühl, Rühl, Joachim, ‘Regulations for the Joust in Fifteenth-Century Europe: Francesco Sforza Visconti (1465) and John Tiptoft (1466)’, International Journal of the History of Sport 18 (2001), 193–208.   

Van den Neste, Evelyne, Tournois, joutes, pas d'armes dans les villes de Flandre à la fin du Moyen Âge (1300-1468) (Paris, 1996) [RA]

Top of page

6. The Tournament and Literature

Annunziata, Anthony W., ‘The Pas d’armes and its Occurrences in Malory’, in Chivalric literature : essays on relations between literature & life in the later Middle Ages, ed. Larry D. Benson and John Leyerle (Kalamazoo, 1980), pp, 39-48, 154-56 [BL]

Benson, Larry, ‘The Tournament in the Romances of Chrétien de Troyes & L’Histoire de Guillaume Le Marechal’, in Chivalric literature : essays on relations between literature & life in the later Middle Ages, ed. Larry D. Benson and John Leyerle (Kalamazoo, 1980), pp. 1-24.[BL]

Brown-Grant, Rosalind, ‘Art Imitating Life Imitating Art? Representations of the pas d’armes in Burgundian Prose Romance: The Case of Jehan d’Avennes’, in The Medieval Tournament as Spectacle: Tourneys, Jousts and Pas d’Armes, ed. Alan V. Murray and Karen Watts (Woodbridge, 2020), pp. 139-54

Burgess, Glyn. Chrétien de Troyes: Erec et Enide (London: Grant & Cutler, 1984).

Cline, Ruth H., ‘The Influence of Romances on Tournaments of the Middle Ages’, Speculum. 20 (1945), 204-11 [BL and JSTOR]

Crane, Susan, ‘Knights in Disguise: Identity and Incognito in Fourteenth-Century Chivalry’, in The Stranger in medieval society, ed. F.R.P. Akehurst and Stephanie Cain Van D’Elden (Minneapolis, 1997), pp. 63-79.[BL]

Dussere, Carolyn, ‘Humor and Chivalry in Ulrich von Lichtenstein’s Frauendienst and Gerhard Hauptmann’s Ulrich von Lichtenstein’, Colloquia Germanica.16 (1983), 297-320 [BL]

Hellenga, Robert, ‘The Tournaments in Malory’s Morte d’Arthur’, Forum for modern language studies. 10 (1974), 67-78. [BL]

Jackson, William Henry, ‘The Tournament in the Works of Hartmann von Aue: Motifs, Style, Functions’, in Hartmann von Aue: Changing Perspectives. London Hartmann Symposium 1985, ed. Timothy McFarland and Silvia Ranawake (Göppingen, 1988), pp. 233–51

Jackson, William Henry, ‘Das Turnier in der deutschen Dichtung des Mittelalters’, in Das ritterliche Turnier im Mittelalter : Beiträge zu einer vergleichenden Formen- und Verhaltensgeschichte des Rittertums, ed. Josef Fleckenstein (Göttingen, 1985), pp. 257-95 [BL]

Jackson, William Henry, ‘Tournaments and Battles in Parzival’, in A companion to Wolfram's Parzival, ed. Will Hasty (Columbia, S.C., 1999), pp. 159-184 [BL]

Liu, Yin, ‘Richard Beauchamp and the Uses of Romance’, Medium aevum. 74 (2005), 271-287 [BL]

Nadot, Sébastien, ‘Tournois et joutes chez les écrivains du Moyen Age’, Essays in French Literature and Culture 46 (2009), 183-202.

Sandoz, E., ‘Tourneys in the Arthurian Tradition’, Speculum. 19 (1944), 389-420 [BL - also JSTOR]

Thomas, J.W., ‘Parzival as a Source for Frauendienst’, MLN. 87 (1972), 419-32.[BL]

Top of page

7. Arms and Armour and Combat Techniques (including Foot Combat)

Anglo, Sydney, ‘How to Win at Tournaments: The Technique of Chivalric Combat’, The antiquaries journal. 68 (1988), 248-64 [BL]   

Anglo, Sydney, ‘Jousting: The Earliest Treatises’, Livrustkammaren: Journal of the Royal Armoury 19 (1991-92), 3-23 [RA] OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 16/09/2020) 

Anglo, Sydney, ‘Le Jeu de la Hache: A Fifteenth-Century Treatise on the Technique of Chivalric Axe Combat’, Archaeologia.109 (1991), 113-28.

Blair, Claude, European armour circa 1066 to circa 1700. (London, 1958) [RA]

Blair, Claude, ‘King Henry VIII’s Tonlet Armour’, The Burlington magazine. 125 (1983), 16-20 [BL, RA]

Curl, Michael S., ‘Late Medieval Lance Use: Mounted Combat and Martial Arts in Western Europe from the 14th to the 16th Century’, Arms & Armour 16 (2019), 27–55

Dillon, Harold, ‘Barriers and Foot Combats’, The archaeological journal. 61 (1904), 276-308 [BL, RA]

Eaves, Ian, ‘The Tournament Armours of King Henry VIII of England’, Livrustkammaren: Journal of the Royal Armoury (1993), 2-45 [RA] OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 16/09/2020) 

Gaier, Claude, ‘Arms and Armour used in Lists Contest in the Burgundian Principalities during the XVth century’, Livrustkammaren: Journal of the Royal Armoury (1993), 46-61 [RA] OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 16/09/2020) 

Gaier, Claude, ‘Technique des combats singuliers d’après les auteurs “bourguignons” du XVe siècle’, Le moyen âge. 91 (1985), 415-57.

Gaite, Pierre, ‘Exercises in Arms: the Physical and Mental Combat Training of Men-at-Arms in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries’, Journal of Medieval Military History 16 (2018), 99-122 [BL]  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 14/12/2020) 

Gamber, Ortwin, ‘Ritterspiele und Turnierrüstung im Spätmittelalter’, in Das ritterliche Turnier im Mittelalter : Beiträge zu einer vergleichenden Formen- und Verhaltensgeschichte des Rittertums, ed. Josef Fleckenstein (Göttingen, 1985), pp. 513-41 [BL]

Gillmor, Carroll, ‘Practical Chivalry: The Training of Horses for Tournaments and Warfare’, Studies in medieval and Renaissance history. n.s. 13 (1992), 5-29 [BL]

Gravett, Christopher, ‘Early Tournament Armour’, Livrustkammaren: Journal of the Royal Armoury (1993), 62-88 [RA] OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 16/09/2020) 

Jackson, William Henry, ‘Lance and Shield in the Buhurt’, in German narrative literature of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries : studies presented to Roy Wisbey on his sixty-fifth birthday, ed. Volker Honemann et al. (Tübingen, 1994), pp. 39-51. [BL]

Jones, Robert W., Bloodied banners : martial display on the medieval battlefield(Woodbridge, Suffolk, 2010)

Moffat, Ralph, ‘The Manner of Arming Knights for the Tourney: A Re-interpretation of an Important Early 14th-Century Arming Treatise’, Arms and armour. ISSN: 1741-6124; 1749-6268 7 (2010), 5-29 [RA]

Moffat, Ralph, ‘Alle myn harneys for the justes: Documents as a Source for Medieval Jousting Armour’, in The Medieval Tournament as Spectacle: Tourneys, Jousts and Pas d’Armes, ed. Alan V. Murray and Karen Watts (Woodbridge, 2020), pp. 77-98.

Moffat, Ralph, ‘Arms and Armour’, in A Companion to Chivalry, ed. Robert W. Jones and Peter Coss (Woodbridge, 2019), pp. 158–85.

Southwick, Leslie, ‘The Great Helm in England’, Arms & Armour 3 (2006), 5–77.

Tzouriadis, Iason-Eleftherios, ‘The Foot Combat as Tournament Event: Equipment, Space and Forms’, in The Medieval Tournament as Spectacle: Tourneys, Jousts and Pas d’Armes, ed. Alan V. Murray and Karen Watts (Woodbridge, 2020), pp. 155-84.

Viallon, Marina, ‘A German High Tournament Saddle in the Royal Armouries, Leeds’, Arms & Armour 12 (2015), 103–23.

Viallon, Marina, ‘The Tournament Saddle’, in The Medieval Tournament as Spectacle: Tourneys, Jousts and Pas d’Armes, ed. Alan V. Murray and Karen Watts (Woodbridge, 2020), pp. 99-119.

Top of page

8. The Tournament as Pageantry (see also Section 4)

Crane, Susan, ‘Knights in Disguise: Identity and Incognito in Fourteenth-Century Chivalry’, in The Stranger in medieval society, ed. F.R.P. Akehurts and Stephanie Cain Van D’Elden (Minneapolis, 1997), pp. 63-79

Forrestier-Walker, Ada L., and T. Matthews, The Tournament at Carew Castle, St. George's Day, AD 1507 (London, 1914) [RA]  

Gunn, Steven, ‘Chivalry and the Politics of the Early Tudor Court', in Chivalry in the Renaissance, ed. Sydney Anglo (Woodbridge, 1990), pp. 107-28

Nickel, Helmut, ‘About a Crown Found and a Grail Tournament held at the “Castle of the Maiden”’, Arthuriana. 7 (1997), 36-44. [BL]

Planche, Alice, ‘Du tournoi au théâtre en Bourgogne. Le Pas de la Fontaine des Pleurs à Chalon-Sur-Saône, 1449-1450’, Le moyen âge. 81 (1975), 97-128.

Russell, Joycelyne G., The Field of Cloth of Gold : men and manners in 1520 (London, 1969) [BL, RA]

Watts, Karen, ‘Henry VIII and the Pageantry of the Tudor Tournament’, Livrustkammaren: Journal of the Royal Armoury (1993), 131-141 [RA] OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 16/09/2020) 

Watts, Karen, ‘The Field of Cloth of Gold: Arms, Armour and the Sporting Prowess of King Henry VIII and King Francis I’, in The Medieval Tournament as Spectacle: Tourneys, Jousts and Pas d’Armes, ed. Alan V. Murray and Karen Watts (Woodbridge, 2020), pp. 208-37.

Young, Alan, Tudor and Jacobean tournaments (London, 1987) [RA]

Top of page

9. Heraldry

(a) Blazonry and Reference

Boutell, Charles, Boutell's heraldry, rev. J. Brooke-Little (London, 1973) [BL]

Brault, Gerard, Early blazon : heraldic terminology in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries : with special reference to Arthurian literature (Oxford, 1972).[BL]

Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles, A Complete Guide to Heraldry (London, 1969) [BL]

Grant, Francis J., The Manual of Heraldry (Edinburgh, 1952) [BL]

(b) Specific Studies

Ailes, Adrian, ‘Heraldry in Twelfth-Century England: The Evidence’, in England in the twelfth century : proceedings of the 1988 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. D. Williams (Woodbridge, 1990), pp. 1-16 [BL]

Ailes, Adrian, ‘The Knight, Heraldry and Armour: The Role of Recognition and the Origins of Heraldry’, in Medieval Knighthood IV, ed. Christopher Harper-Bill and Ruth Harvey (Woodbridge, 1992), pp. 1-22 [BL]

Ailes, Adrian, ‘Heraldry in Medieval England: Symbols of Politics and Propaganda’, in Heraldry, pageantry and social display in medieval England, ed. Peter Coss and Maurice Keen (Woodbridge, 2002), pp. 83-104 [BL]

Cannan, Fergus, ‘The Myths of Medieval Heraldry’, Nottingham medieval studies. 47 (2003), 198-216. [BL]

Cherry, John, ‘Heraldry as Decoration in the Thirteenth Century’, in England in the thirteenth century : proceedings of the 1989 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. W. Mark Ormrod (Stamford, 1991), pp. 123-34 [BL]

Crouch, David, ‘The Historian, Lineage and Heraldry 1050-1250’, in Heraldry, pageantry and social display in medieval England, ed. Peter Coss and Maurice Keen (Woodbridge, 2002), pp. 17-38 [BL]

Denholm-Young, Noel, History and heraldry, 1254-1310 : a study of the historical value of the Rolls of Arms. (Oxford, 1965) [BL]

Harvey, P.D.A., and Andrew McGuinness, A guide to British medieval seals (London, 1996) [BL]

Hiltmann, Torsten, ‘Potentialities and Limitations of Medieval Armorials as Historical Source [sic]: The Representation of Hierarchy and Princely Rank in Late Medieval Collections of Arms in France and Germany’, in Princely rank in late Medieval Europe : trodden paths and promising avenues, ed. Thorsten Huthwelker, Jörg Peltzer and Maximilian Wemhöner (Ostfildern, 2011), pp. 158-98.[BL]

Jefferson, Lisa, ‘Tournaments, Heraldry and the Knights of the Round Table: A Fifteenth-Century Armorial with Two Accompanying Texts’, in Arthurian literature. XIV, ed. James P. Carley and Felicity Riddy (Cambridge, 1996), pp. 69-157 [BL]

Jones, Robert, ‘Heraldry and Heralds’, in A Companion to Chivalry, ed. Robert W. Jones and Peter Coss (Woodbridge, 2019), pp. 139-57 [BL]

Jones, Robert, ‘Identifying the Warrior on the Pre-Heraldic Battlefield’, in Anglo-Norman Studies, XXX: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 2007, ed. C.P. Lewis (Woodbridge, Suffolk, 2008), pp. 154-67.[BL]

Lawrance, Henry, Heraldry from Military Monuments before 1350 in England and Wales (London, 1946) [RA]  

Pastoureau, Michel, Les Armoiries (Turnhout, 1976).

Shenton, Caroline, ‘Edward III and the Symbol of the Leopard’, in Heraldry, pageantry and social display in medieval England, ed. Peter Coss and Maurice Keen (Woodbridge, 2002), pp. 69-82 [BL]

Wagner, Anthony, Heraldry in England (Harmondsworth, 1946) [BL]

(c) Heralds and Their Activity

Cavell, Emma, The Heralds' memoir 1486-1490 : court ceremony, royal progress and rebellion (Donington, 2009). 

The herald in late medieval Europe, ed. Katie Stevenson (Woodbridge, 2009).[BL]

Melville, Gert, ‘Hérauts et héros’, in European monarchy : its evolution and practice from Roman antiquity to modern times, ed. Heinz Duchhardt et al. (Stuttgart, 1992), pp. 81-97.

Schnerb, B., ‘Rois d’armes, hérauts et poursuivants à la cour de Bourgogne sous Philippe le Hardi et Jean sans Peur (1363-1419), Revue du Nord. 88 (2006), 529-57.[BL]

Stanesco, Michel, ‘Le Héraut d’armes et la tradition littéraire chevaleresque’, Romania. 109 (1985), 233-53. [BL]

Wagner, Anthony, Heralds and heraldry in the Middle Ages : an inquiry into the growth of the armorial functions of heralds (London, 1956) [BL]   

This list was last updated on 21/09/2021