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HIST2875
HIST2875 Module Reading List

From Versailles to Potsdam: Conferences, Crises and Conflicts, 1919-45, 2021/22, Semester 1
Dr Geoff Waddington
G.T.P.Waddington@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

HIST 2875: From Versailles to Potsdam: Conferences, Crises and Conflicts, 1919-45

Week 3. Peacemaking, 1919-1923

General objective: To enhance student understanding and appreciation of the international system imposed by the peace settlement at the end of the Great War and to detect elements of strength and vulnerability in it.

Key readings for class preparation

Butler, R., ‘The Peace Settlement of Versailles, 1918-1933’ in New Cambridge Modern History 12, vol. 12, The Shifting Balance of World Forces, 1898-1945’, online

Marks, S, ‘Mistakes and Myths. The Allies, Germany and the Versailles Treaty, 1918-1921’, Journal of Modern History, vol. 86, no. 3, 2013, online

Trachtenberg, M., ‘Versailles after Sixty Years’ Journal of Contemporary History, vol. 17, no 3, 1982, online

 

Week 4. Security and disarmament, 1920-34

General objective: To enhance student understanding and appreciation of the relationship between security and disarmament during the 1920s, and the impact of the Locarno treaties.

Key readings for class preparation

Grathwol, R., ‘Gustav Stresemann: Reflections on His Foreign Policy’, Journal of Modern History, vol. 45, no. 1, 1973, online

Grün, G., ‘Locarno:  Idea and Reality,’ International Affairs, vol. 31, no. 4, 1955, online

Magee, F., ‘Limited Liability. Britain and the Treaty of Locarno’, Twentieth Century British History, vol. 6, no. 1, 1995, online

 

Week 5: The Washington Conference and the Far East, 1919-39 

General objective: To enhance student unCrises of 1935-6derstanding and appreciation of the reasons behind the activation of Japanese foreign policy during the late 1920s and early 1930s, and the responses to that development.

Key readings for class preparation

Goldstein, Erik, ‘The Evolution of British Diplomatic Strategy for the Washington Conference’, Diplomacy and Statecraft, vol. 4, no. 3, 1993, online

Thorne, C, ‘The Shanghai Crisis of 1932:  The Basis of British Policy’, American Historical Review, vol. 75, no. 6, 1975, online

Clifford, N., ‘Britain, America and the Far East, 1937-1940. A Failure in Co-operation’, Journal of British Studies, vol. 3, no. 1, 1963, online

 

Week 6: The International Crises of 1935-6

General objective: To enhance student understanding and appreciation of the series of international crises that gripped the international system during the course of 1935-6 and to evaluate their short and long term repercussions

Key readings for class preparation

Frank Jr., Willard C., ‘The Spanish Civil War and the Coming of the Second World War’, The International History Reviewvol. 9, no. 3, 1987, online

Parker, R., ‘Britain, France and the Ethiopian Crisis’, English Historical Review, vol. 89, no. 351,1974, online

Watt, D., ‘The Rome-Berlin Axis, 1936-1940’, Review of Politics, vol. 22, no. 4, 1960, online

 

Week 8: The Approach of War, 1937-1939

General objective: To enhance student understanding and appreciation of the international crises that resulted in the outbreak of war in 1939, and of the forces that drove them forward.

Key readings for class preparation

Strang, B, ‘Once more unto the breach. Britain’s guarantee to Poland, March 1939’, Journal of Contemporary History, vol. 31, no. 4, 1996, online

Overy, R., ‘Germany and the Munich Crisis. A Mutilated Victory?', Diplomacy and Statecraft, vol. 10, nos. 2-3, 1999, online 

Carley, M.J.,  ‘End of the “low, dishonest decade”: Failure of the Anglo-Franco-Soviet Alliance in 1939’, ­Europe-Asia Studies, vol. 45, no. 2, 1993, online

 

Week 9: From European to World War, 1939-1941 

General objective: To enhance student understanding and appreciation of the reasons for the escalation of a European war into a global conflict.

Key readings for class preparation

Reynolds, D., ‘1940 Fulcrum of the Twentieth Century’, International Affairs, 2, 1990, online

Koch, H. W., ‘Hitler’s Programme and the Genesis of Operation Barbarossa’, The Historical Journal, vol. 26, no. 4, 1983 online

Iriye, A., The Origins of the Second World War in Asia and the Pacificebook, pp. 113-167

 

Week 10: The Second World War, 1941-45

General objective: To enhance student understanding and appreciation of the factors which determined the fortunes of the Allies and the Axis during the Second World War.

Key readings for class preparation

Di Nardo, R., ‘The Dysfunctional Coalition: The Axis Powers and the Eastern Front in World War Two’, Journal of Military Historyvol. 60, no. 4, 1996 online

Overy, R., ‘A Genius for Mass-Production’, chapter 6, pp. 180-207 from his Why the Allies Won     

Overy, R., Hitler’s War and the German Economy’, Economic History Review, vol. 35, no. 2, 1982, online

 

HIST2875 BIBLIOGRAPHY

This bibliography is not exhaustive and represents only part of what is available in the Brotherton and Student Lending Libraries. Use your initiative in finding other relevant materials which are located in the holdings of either Modern History or Politics. You will find that many of the books listed under one heading will be valuable for other topics as well. Please approach your reading for this module in a responsible manner and always try to plan your reading carefully and some time in advance. Please do not remove material from the Library just because you can do so. While it is sitting on your shelf, unread, someone else could be using it. Be prepared to make use of the recall system which allows you to recall books that are currently on loan. Unless stated otherwise all the books listed are in Modern History.

 

  1. General works covering all or part of the period

Carr, Edward H., The Twenty Years’ Crisis, 1919-1939. An Introduction to the Study of International Relations

Cassels, Alan, Ideology and international relations in the modern world

Lauren, Paul G., Craig, Gordon A. & George, Alexander L, Force and Statecraft: Diplomatic Problems of our Time

Kitchen, Martin, Europe Between the Wars. A Political History

Marks, Sally, The ebbing of European ascendancy : an international history of the world, 1914-1945

Marks, Sally, The Illusion of Peace ebook

Parker, R. A. C., Europe, 1919-45 (London, 1969)

Ross, Graham The great powers and the decline of the European states system 1914-1945 

Steiner, Zara, The lights that failed : European international history, 1919-1933

 

  1. General works on the origins of the Second World War

Adamthwaite, Anthony, The Making of the Second World War

Baumont, Maurice, The origins of the Second World War

Bell, Philip, The Origins of the Second World War in Europe

Boyce, Robert & Maiolo, Joseph A., eds, The origins of World War Two : the debate continues

Boyce, Robert & Robertson, Esmonde M., eds, Paths to war : new essays on the origins of the Second World War

Craig, Gordon A. & Gilbert, Felix, The Diplomats, 1919-1939

Crozier, Andrew J., The causes of the Second World War

Iriye, Akira, Pearl Harbor and the coming of the Pacific War : a brief history with documents and essays

Iriye, Akira, The Origins of the Second World War in Asia and the Pacific ebook

Kaiser, David, Economic diplomacy and the origins of the Second World War : Germany, Britain, France, and Eastern Europe, 1930-1939

Lamb, Margaret & Tarling, Nicholas, From Versailles to Pearl Harbor : the origins of the Second World War in Europe and Asia

Martel, Gordon, ed., The origins of the Second World War reconsidered : A.J.P. Taylor and the historians

Overy, Richard & Wheatcroft, Andrew, The Road to War

Robertson, Esmonde M., ed., The Origins of the Second World War. Historical Interpretations 

Taylor, Alan J. P., The Origins of the Second World War

 

  1. General works on the course of the Second World War

Argyle, Christopher, Japan at war, 1937-45

Black, Jeremy, ed., The Second World War

Butler, J.R.M., Grand Strategy Vols 1-6

Calvorcoressi, Peter & Wint, Guy, Total War

Deist, Wilhelm, et al, Germany and the Second World War, vols 1-10

Erickson, John, The road to Berlin

Erickson, John, The Road to Stalingrad

Gilbert, Martin, The Second World War

Iriye, A, Power and culture : the Japanese-American war, 1941-1945

Keegan, John, The Second World War

Laqueur, Walter, ed., The Second World War : essays in military and political history

Langhorne, R, ed., Diplomacy and intelligence during the Second World War : essays in honour of F.H. Hinsley

Liddell-Hart, Sir Basil, History of the Second World War

Kitchen, Martin, A world in flames : a short history of the Second World War in Europe and Asia, 1939-1945

Kitchen, Martin, Nazi Germany at war

Mackenzie, S. P., The Second World War in Europe

Michel, Henri, The Second World War

Overy, Richard, Why the Allies won

Parker, Robert, Struggle for survival : the history of the Second World War

Parker, Robert, The Second World War. A Short History

Purdue, A. W., The Second World War

Seaton, A, The Russo-German War

Schackleton, Richard, The Second World War

Spector, R, Eagle against the Sun. The American War with Japan

Tarling, Nicholas, Britain, Southeast Asia and the Onset of the Pacific War

Tucker, Spencer C, The Second World War

Weinberg, Gerhard, A World at Arms

Weinberg, Gerhard, World in the balance : behind the scenes of World War II

 

  1. The Grand Alliance

Beitzell, Robert, The uneasy alliance : America, Britain, and Russia, 1941-1943

Butler, Susan, ed., My dear Mr. Stalin : the complete correspondence between Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph V. Stalin

Dallek, Robert, Franklin D. Roosevelt and American foreign policy, 1932-1945

Danchev, Alex, Establishing the Anglo-American alliance : the Second World War diaries of Brigadier Vivian Dykes

Deane, J, The strange alliance : the story of American efforts at wartime co-operation with Russia

Drummond. D, The passing of American neutrality, 1937-1941

Feis, Herbert, Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin. The War They Waged and the Peace They Sought

Friedel, F., Franklin D. Roosevelt : a rendezvous with destiny

Harriman, W & Abel, E, Special Envoy to Churchill and Stalin

Herring, G, Aid to Russia, 1941-1946 : strategy, diplomacy, the origins of the Cold War

Israeljan, V, The anti-Hitler coalition : diplomatic co-operation between the USSR, USA and Britain during the Second World War, 1941-1945

Kacewicz, G, Great Britain, the Soviet Union and the Polish government in exile (1939-1945)

Karski, Jan, The Great Powers and Poland 1919-1945

King, F, The new internationalism : allied policy and the European peace 1939-1945

Kitchen, Martin, British policy towards the Soviet Union during the Second World War

Kolko, G, The politics of war : Allied diplomacy and the world crisis of 1943-1945

Lane, A, ed., The rise and fall of the Grand Alliance, 1941-1945

Lash, J, Roosevelt and Churchill, 1939-1941 : the partnership that saved the West

Loewenheim, F, et al, Roosevelt and Churchill : their secret wartime correspondence (A collection of documents with useful introductions to each of the chapters)

Louis, William, Imperialism at bay 1941-1945 : the United States and the decolonization of the British Empire

Lukas, R. The strange allies : the United States and Poland, 1941-1945

Mayle, P, Eureka summit : agreement in principle and the Big Three at Tehran, 1943

McNeill, W, America, Britain, & Russia : their co-operation and conflict 1941-1946

Ovendale, Ritchie, The English-speaking alliance : Britain, the United States, the Dominions and the Cold War 1945-1951

Polonsky, Anthony, The great powers and the Polish question, 1941-45 : a documentary study in Cold War origins

Reynolds, David, Allies at war : the Soviet, American, and British experience, 1939-1945

Reynolds, David, The creation of the Anglo-American alliance, 1937-41 : a study in competitive co-operation

Ross, Graham, The Foreign Office and the Kremlin : British documents on Anglo-Soviet relations 1941-45 (A collection of documents with useful summaries)

Ryan, H, The Vision of Anglo-America. The US-UK Alliance and the Emerging Cold War 1943-46

Sainsbury, Keith, The turning point : Roosevelt, Stalin, Churchill, and Chiang-Kai-Shek, 1943 : the Moscow, Cairo and Teheran conferences

Sharp, T, The wartime alliance and the zonal division of Germany

Smith, G, American diplomacy during the Second World War, 1941-1945

Stoler, M, The politics of the second front : American military planning and diplomacy in coalition warfare, 1941-1943

Thorne, Christopher, Allies of a kind : the United States, Britain, and the war against Japan, 1941-1945

Tuttle, D, Harry L. Hopkins and Anglo-American-Soviet relations, 1941-1945

Wheeler-Bennett John & Nicholls, Anthony, The semblance of peace : the political settlement after the Second World War.

 

  1. Relations between Germany, Italy and Japan

Deakin, Frederick, William., The brutal friendship : Mussolini, Hitler and the fall of Italian fascism.

Knox, MacGregor, Common Destiny : Dictatorship, Foreign Policy, and War in Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany

Martin, Bernd, Japan and Germany in the modern world

Meskill, Joanna, Hitler & Japan : the hollow alliance

Morley, James W., Deterrent diplomacy : Japan, Germany, and the USSR, 1935-1940 : selected translations from Taiheiyō Sensō e no michi, kaisen gaikō shi 

Presseisen, Ernst L., Germany and Japan : a study in totalitarian diplomacy, 1933-1941 

Wiskemann, Elizabeth, The Rome-Berlin Axis : a history of the relations between Hitler and Mussolini 

 

  1. The Origins of the Cold War

Alperovitz, Gar, Atomic Diplomacy

Alperovitz, Gar, The decision to use the atomic bomb and the architecture of an American myth

Ambrose, Steven, Rise to Globalism

Anderson, Terry, The United States, Great Britain, and the Cold War, 1944-1947

Balfour, Michael, The adversaries : America, Russia and the open world 1941-62

Bialer Serewyn & Mandelbaum, Michael, The global rivals

Buhite, Russell, Decisions at Yalta : an appraisal of summit diplomacy

Clemens, Diane, Yalta

Colbert, Evelyn, Southeast Asia in international politics, 1941-1956

Davis, Lynn, The Cold War begins : Soviet-American conflict over Eastern Europe

Deutscher, Isaac, Stalin

Feis,Herbert, Between war and peace : the Potsdam Conference.

Feis,Herbert, Japan subdued : the atomic bomb and the end of the war in the Pacific

Gaddis, John, The long peace : inquiries into the history of the Cold War

Gaddis, John, The United States and the origins of the Cold War, 1941-1947

Gaddis, John, We Now Know: Rethinking Cold War History

Gittings, John, The world and China, 1922-1972

Gori, Francesca & Pons, S, eds, The Soviet Union and Europe in the Cold War, 1943-53

Hammond, Thomas, ed., Witnesses to the Origins of the Cold War

Harbutt, Fraser, The Iron Curtain : Churchill, America, and the origins of the Cold War

Herz, Martin., Beginnings of the Cold War.

Hingley, Ronald, Joseph Stalin : man and legend

Jelavich, Barbara, St. Petersburg and Moscow : tsarist and Soviet foreign policy, 1814-1974

Kennan, George, Memoirs, 1925-1950

Kennan, George, Russia and the West under Lenin and Stalin

Kennan, George, Russia, the Atom and the West

LaFeber, Walter, ed., The origins of the Cold War, 1941-1947 : a historical problem with interpretations and documents

Lippmann,Walter, The cold war; a study in U.S. foreign policy.

Luard, Evan, ed., The cold war : a reappraisal

Lundestad, Geir, The American non-policy towards eastern Europe, 1943-1947 : universalism in an area not of essential interest to the United States

Mastny, Vojtech, Russia's road to the Cold War : diplomacy, warfare, and the politics of communism, 1941-1945

Mastny, Vojtech, The Cold War and Soviet Insecurity: the Stalin Years

McCagg, William, Stalin embattled, 1943-1948

McCauley, Martin, The Origins of the Cold War

Mee, Charles, Meeting at Potsdam

Nagai, Yonosuke & Iriye, Akira, The origins of the Cold War in Asia

Paterson, Thomas, ed., The Origins of the Cold War

Raack, R, Stalin's drive to the west, 1938-1945 : the origins of the Cold War

Rothwell, Victor, Britain and the Cold War, 1941-1947

Schaller, Michael, The U.S. crusade in China, 1938-1945

Schaller, Michael, The United States and China in the twentieth century

Seton-Watson, Hugh, The East European revolution

Snell, John, ed., The meaning of Yalta : big three diplomacy and the new balance of power

Thomas, Hugh, Armed truce : the beginnings of the Cold War 1945-46

Ulam, Adam, Expansion and coexistence : Soviet foreign policy, 1917-73

Ulam, Adam Stalin: The Man and His Era

Yergin, Daniel, The Shattered Peace. The Origins of the Cold War and the National Security State

Young, John, Cold War Europe 1945-89 : a political history

Zubok, Vladislav & Pleshakov, Constantine, Inside the Kremlin’s Cold War. From Stalin to Khrushchev

 

  1. Anglo-French relations

Bell, Philip M. H., France and Britain, 1900-1940 : entente and estrangement

Davis, Richard, Anglo-French relations before the Second World War : appeasement and crisis

Dockrill, Michael L., British establishment perspectives on France, 1936-40

Rostow, Nicholas, Anglo-French relations, 1934-36 

Sharp, Alan & Stone, Glyn, eds, Anglo-French relations in the twentieth century : rivalry and cooperation

Thomas, Martin, Britain, France and appeasement : Anglo-French relations in the Popular Front era

Waites, Neville, ed., Troubled neighbours : Franco-British relations in the twentieth century

Wolfers, Arnold, Britain and France between two wars : conflicting strategies of peace since Versailles

 

  1. Anglo-American relations

Cowman, I, Dominion or decline : Anglo-American naval relations on the Pacific, 1937-1941

Dimbleby, David & Reynolds, David, An ocean apart : the relationship between Britain and America in the twentieth century

MacDonald, Callum A., The United States, Britain, and appeasement, 1936-1939

McKercher, Brian J. C., & Aronsen, Lawrence, eds, The North Atlantic triangle in a changing world : Anglo-American-Canadian relations, 1902-1956

McKercher, Brian J. C., ed., Anglo-American relations in the 1920s : the struggle for supremacy

McKercher, Brian J. C., Transition of power : Britain's loss of global preeminence to the United States, 1930-1945

Rock, William R., Chamberlain and Roosevelt : British foreign policy and the United States, 1937-1940

 

  1. British foreign and imperial policy

Cain, P. J. & Hopkins, A. G., British imperialism : crisis and deconstruction 1914-1990

Carter, Gwendolen M., The British Commonwealth and international security : the role of the dominions, 1919-1939

Dilks, David, N., ed., Retreat from power : studies in Britain's foreign policy of the twentieth century

Dockrill, Michael L. & McKercher, Brian J. C., eds, Diplomacy and world power : studies in British foreign policy, 1890-1950

Doerr, Paul W., British foreign policy, 1919-1939 : 'Hope for the best, prepare for the worst'

Drummond, Ian M., Imperial economic policy, 1917-1939 : studies in expansion and protection

Garner, Joe, The Commonwealth Office : 1925-68

Grimal, Henri, Decolonization : the British, French, Dutch and Belgian Empires, 1919-1963

Haggie. Paul, Britannia at bay : the defence of the British Empire against Japan 1931-1941

Howard, Michael, The continental commitment : the dilemma of British defence policy in the era of the two world wars : the Ford lectures in the University of Oxford 1971

Kennedy, Paul, The Realities behind Diplomacy. Background Influences on British External Policy, 1965-1980

Mansergh, Nicholas, Survey of British Commonwealth affairs : problems of external policy, 1931-1939

Mansergh, Nicholas, The Commonwealth Experience

McKercher, Brian J. C., & Moss, D. J., Shadow and substance in British foreign policy 1895-1939 : memorial essays honouring C. J. Lowe

Medlicott, William N., British foreign policy since Versailles, 1919-1963

Northedge, Frederick S., The troubled giant : Britain among the great powers, 1916-1939

Post, Gaines, Dilemmas of appeasement : British deterrence and defense, 1934-1937

Reynolds, David, Britannia Overruled. British Policy and World Power in the Twentieth Century

Young, John, Britain and the world in the twentieth century

 

  1. French foreign policy

Adamthwaite, Anthony, France and the coming of the Second World War, 1936-1939

Adamthwaite, Anthony, Grandeur and misery : France's bid for power in Europe, 1914-1940

Alexander, Martin S., The Republic in danger : General Maurice Gamelin and the politics of French defence, 1933-1940

Boyce, Robert, ed., French foreign and defence policy, 1918-1940 : the decline and fall of a great power

Duroselle, Jean-Baptiste, France and the Nazi threat : the collapse of French diplomacy, 1932-1939

Néré, Jacques, The foreign policy of France from 1914 to 1945

Wandycz, Piotr, The Twilight of French Eastern Alliances, 1926-1936. French-Czechoslovak-Polish Relations from Locarno to the Remilitarisation of the Rhineland

Warner, Geoffrey, Pierre Laval and the eclipse of France.

Young, Robert J., In command of France : French foreign policy and military planning, 1933-1940 Laidlaw High Demand Book

 

  1. German foreign policy

Bullock, Alan, Hitler: A Study in Tyranny

Bullock, Alan, Hitler and Stalin. Parallel Lives

Carr, William, Arms, autarky and aggression : a study in German foreign policy, 1933-1939

Deist, Wilhelm, et al., Germany and the Second World War. Vol. 1, The build-up of German aggression

Fest, Joachim, Hitler

Fink, Carole, Hull, Isabel V. & Knox MacGregor, eds, German nationalism and the European response, 1890-1945

Fox, John P., Germany and the Far Eastern crisis 1931-1938 : a study in diplomacy and ideology

Gehl, Jürgen, Austria, Germany and the Anschluss, 1931-1938

Hiden, John, Germany and Europe, 1919-1939

Hiden, John, Republican and Fascist Germany : themes and variations in the history of Weimar and the Third Reich 1918-45

Hildebrand, Klaus, The foreign policy of the Third Reich 

Kershaw, Ian, Hitler: 1889-1936: Hubris

Kershaw, Ian, Hitler, 1936-45 : nemesis

Kershaw, Ian, The Nazi Dictatorship. Problems and Perspectives of Interpretation

Lee, Marshall & Michalka, Wolfgang, German foreign policy 1917-1933 : continuity or break?

Leitz, Christian, Nazi foreign policy, 1933-1941 : the road to global war

Martel, Gordon, ed., Modern Germany reconsidered, 1870-1945

Robertson, Esmonde M., Hitler's pre-war policy and military plans, 1933-1939

Weinberg, Gerhard L., Germany and the Soviet Union, 1939-1941

Weinberg, Gerhard L., Germany, Hitler, and World War II : essays in modern German and world history ebook

Weinberg, Gerhard L., The foreign policy of Hitler's Germany : diplomatic revolution in Europe 1933-36 

Weinberg, Gerhard L., The foreign policy of Hitler's Germany : starting World War II, 1937-1939 

Wright, Jonathan, Germany and the origins of the Second World War

 

  1. Soviet foreign policy

Deutscher, Isaac, Stalin. A Political Biography

Gorodetsky, Gabriel, ed., Soviet Foreign Policy 1917-1991. A Retrospective 

Haslam, Jonathan, The Soviet Union and the struggle for collective security in Europe 1933-39 (London, 1984)

Hochman, Jiri, The Soviet Union and the failure of collective security, 1934-1938

Kennan, George, Russia and the West under Lenin and Stalin

Lensen, George Alexander, Japanese recognition of the U.S.S.R : Soviet-Japanese relations, 1921-1930.

Nation, R. Craig, Black earth, red star : a history of Soviet security policy, 1917-1991

Nekrich, Aleksandr M., Pariahs, partners, predators : German-Soviet relations, 1922-1941

Phillips, Hugh D., Between the revolution and the West : a political biography of Maxim M. Litvinov

Pons, Silvio, Stalin and the inevitable war, 1936-1941

Ulam, Adam B., Expansion and coexistence : Soviet foreign policy, 1917-73

 

  1. Italian foreign policy

Bosworth, R. J. B., Mussolini

Bosworth, R. J. B., The Italian dictatorship : problems and perspectives in the interpretation of Mussolini and fascism

Farrell, Nicholas, Mussolini : a new life

Arielli, Nir. Fascist Italy and the Middle East, 1933-40

Burgwyn, H. James, Italian foreign policy in the interwar period, 1918-1940

Cassels, Alan, Mussolini's early diplomacy

Knox, Macgregor. Mussolini Unleashed, 1939-1941

Lamb, Richard, Mussolini and the British

Lowe, Cedric J. & Marzari, Italian Foreign Policy, 1870-1940

Mack Smith, Denis, Mussolini

Mallett, Robert, Mussolini and the origins of the Second World War, 1933-1940

Mallett, Robert, The Italian Navy and Fascist expansionism, 1935-40

Neville, Peter, Mussolini

Robertson, Esmonde, M., Mussolini as empire-builder : Europe and Africa, 1932-36

 

  1. American foreign policy

Ambrose, Steven E. & Douglas G. Brinkley, Rise to Globalism: American Foreign Policy since 1938

Dallek, Robert, Franklin D. Roosevelt and American foreign policy, 1932-1945

Drummond, Donald, F., The passing of American neutrality, 1937-1941

Duroselle, Jean-Baptiste, From Wilson to Roosevelt : foreign policy of the United States, 1913-1945

Ferrell, Robert H., American diplomacy in the great depression : Hoover-Stimson foreign policy, 1929-1933.

Ferrell, Robert H., ed., The American Secretaries of State and their Diplomacy, Volumes 10 to13

Heinrichs, Waldo H., American Ambassador : Joseph C. Grew and the development of the United States diplomatic tradition

Leffler, Melvyn P., The elusive quest : America's pursuit of European stability and French security, 1919-1933

Martel, Gordon, ed., American foreign relations reconsidered, 1890-1993

Offner, Arnold A., American appeasement : United States foreign policy and Germany, 1933-1938.

Offner, Arnold A., The Origins of the Second World War. American Foreign Policy and World Politics, 1917-1941

Reynolds, David, From Munich to Pearl Harbor : Roosevelt's America and the origins of the Second World War

Trommler, Frank & McVeigh, Joseph, America and the Germans : an assessment of a three-hundred-year history

 

  1. Japanese foreign policy

Barnhart, Michael A., Japan and the world since 1868

Beasley, William G., The Rise of Modern Japan

Beasley, William G., Japanese Imperialism 1894-1945

Bergamini, David, Japan's imperial conspiracy

Crowley, James B., Japan's quest for autonomy : national security and foreign policy, 1930-1938

Jones, Francis C., Japan's new order in east Asia : its rise and fall, 1937-45

Morley, James W., ed., Japan erupts : the London Naval Conference and the Manchurian Incident, 1928-1932 : selected translations from Taiheiyō Sensō e no michi: kaisen gaikō shi

Morley, James W., ed., The China quagmire : Japan's expansion on the Asian continent 1933-1941 : selected translations from Taiheiyō sensō e no michi : kaisen gaikō shi

Nish, Ian, Japanese foreign policy, 1869-1942 : Kasumigaseki to Miyakezaka

Storry, Richard, Japan and the decline of the West in Asia, 1894-1943

 

  1. The League of Nations

Baer, George W., Test case : Italy, Ethiopia, and the League of Nations

Barros, James, The League of Nations and the great powers : the Greek-Bulgarian incident, 1925

Barros, James, Office without power : Secretary-General Sir Eric Drummond, 1919-1933

Barros, James, Betrayal from within : Joseph Avenol, Secretary-General of the League of Nations, 1933-1940   

Barros, James, The Corfu Incident of 1923 : Mussolini and the League of Nations

Dexter, Bryon, The years of opportunity : the League of Nations, 1920-26

Goodspeed, Stephen S, The nature and function of international organization

Henig, Ruth, ed., The League of Nations

Kimmich, Christoph M., Germany and the League of Nations

Lee, Marshall M., Failure in Geneva : the German Foreign Ministry and the League of Nations, 1926-1933

Scott, George, The rise and fall of the League of Nations

Thorne, Christopher, The limits of foreign policy : the West, the League and the Far Eastern crisis of 1931-1933

Veatch, Richard, Canada and the League of Nations

Walters, Francis P., A history of the League of Nations

 

Week 3. Peacemaking, 1919-23

General objective: To enhance student understanding and appreciation of the international system imposed by the peace settlement at the end of the Great War and to detect elements of strength and vulnerability in it.

General Question: What were the triumphs of the Versailles settlement?

Why did the Rhineland and Polish issues loom so large in the deliberations of the ‘Big Three’ during the negotiations at Paris in 1919-20?

Assess Germany’s potential for recovery in the aftermath of the Paris Peace Conference.

Did Italy and Japan have genuine cause for dissatisfaction with the results of the 1919-20 peace settlement?

Books

Burgwyn, H. James, The legend of the mutilated victory : Italy, the Great War, and the Paris Peace Conference, 1915-191

Dockrill, Michael L., Peace without promise : Britain and the peace conferences 1919-23

Keylor, William R., ed. The legacy of the Great War : peacemaking, 1919

Lentin, Antony, Lloyd George, Woodrow Wilson and the guilt of Germany : an essay in the pre-history of appeasement

MacMillan, Margaret, Peacemakers : the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 and its attempt to end war

Mayer, Arno J., Politics and Diplomacy of Peacemaking: Containment and Counterrevolution at Versailles, 1918-1919

McDougall, Walter A., France's Rhineland diplomacy, 1914-1924 : the last bid for a balance of power in Europe

Nelson, Harold I., Land and Power: British and Allied Policy on Germany’s Frontiers, 1916-19

*Nicolson, Harold, Peacemaking, 1919

*Sharp, Alan, The Versailles settlement : peacemaking in Paris, 1919 

Trachtenberg, Marc, Reparation in world politics : France and European economic diplomacy, 1916-1923

Articles

Northedge, F., ‘1917-1919 The Implications for Britain’, Journal of contemporary history., 1968

Dockrill, M. & Steiner, Z., ‘The Foreign Office at the Paris Peace Conference’, International history review., 1980

Trachtenberg, M., ‘Versailles after Sixty Years’ Journal of contemporary history., 1982

Lentin A., ‘“Une aberration inexplicable”? Clemenceau and the Abortive Anglo-French Guarantee Treaty of 1919’, Diplomacy and statecraft., 1997

Misc. The journal of modern history., Special Issue on the Paris Peace Conference, 1979

Lynch, A., ‘Woodrow Wilson and the principle of national self-determination: Reconsideration,’ Review of international studies., 2002

McCrum, R., ‘French Rhineland Policy at the Paris Peace Conference, 1919,’ The historical journal., 1978

 

Week 4. Security and Disarmament, 1920-34

General objective: To enhance student understanding and appreciation of the relationship between security and disarmament during the 1920s, and the impact of the Locarno treaties.

General question: Why was the Locarno treaty signed, and which power benefited most from its conclusion?

Books

Bennett, Edward W., German rearmament and the West, 1932-1933

*Bretton, Henry L., Stresemann and the revision of Versailles : a fight for reason

Lowe, Cedric J. & Dockrill, M. L., The mirage of power : British foreign policy, 1902[-1922]

Dutton, David, Austen Chamberlain : gentleman in politics

Fink, Carole, Frohn, Axel & Heideking, Jürgen, eds., Genoa, Rapallo, and European reconstruction in 1922

Fink, Carole, The Genoa Conference : European diplomacy, 1921-1922

Gatzke, Hans W., Stresemann and the rearmament of Germany.

*Grayson, Richard, Austen Chamberlain and the commitment to Europe : British foreign policy, 1924-29

*Jacobson, Jon, Locarno diplomacy : Germany and the West, 1925-1929.

Kaufman, Robert. G., Arms control during the pre-nuclear era : the United States and naval limitation between the two world wars

*Kitching, Carolyn, Britain and the problem of international disarmament, 1919-1934

Kleine-Ahlbrandt, William. L., The burden of victory : France, Britain and the enforcement of the Versailles peace, 1919-1925

McKercher, Brian J. C., ed., Arms limitation and disarmament : restraints on war, 1899-1939

Noel-Baker, Philip, The first World Disarmament Conference, 1932-1933 and why it failed

*Orde, Anne, Great Britain and international security, 1920-1926

*Richardson, Dick, The evolution of British disarmament policy in the 1920s

Segel, Edward B., Sir John Simon and British foreign policy : the diplomacy of disarmament in the early 1930's

Articles

Cornebise, E, ‘Gustav Stresemann and the Ruhr Occupation. The Making of a Statesman’, European studies review., 1972

*Grathwol, R., ‘Gustav Stresemann: Reflections on His Foreign Policy’, The journal of modern history

*Grun, G., ‘Locarno: Idea and Reality,’ International affairs., 1955

*Johnson, G., ‘“Das Kind” Revisited: Lord D’Abernon and German Security Policy 1922-1925’, Contemporary European history., 2000

*Magee, F., ‘Limited Liability. Britain and the Treaty of Locarno’, 20th century British history.,1995

Sharp, A., ‘Lord Curzon and British Policy towards the Franco-Belgian Occupation of the Ruhr in 1923’, Diplomacy and statecraft., 1997

Stone, D. R., ‘Imperialism and Sovereignty. The League of Nations’ Drive to Control the Global Arms Trade’, Journal of contemporary history., 2000

*Wright, J., ‘Stresemann and Locarno,’ Contemporary European history., 1995

 

Week 5. The Washington Conference and the Far East, 1919-39

General objective: To enhance student understanding and appreciation of the reasons behind the activation of Japanese foreign policy during the late 1920s and early 1930s, and the responses to that development.

General question: 

Why did Great Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union not play a more active part in halting Japanese aggression in China during the 1930s?

Books

*Andrews, Eric Montgomery, The writing on the wall : the British Commonwealth and aggression in the East 1931-1935

Best, Antony, Britain, Japan and Pearl Harbor : avoiding war in east Asia, 1936-41

Borg, Dorothy & Okamoto, Shumpei, Pearl Harbor as history : Japanese-American relations, 1931-1941

Borg, Dorothy, The United States and the Far Eastern Crisis of 1933-1938. From the Manchurian Incident through the initial stage of the undeclared Sino-Japanese war

*Feis, Herbert, The Road to Pearl Harbor. The Coming of the War between the United States and Japan

Goldstein, Erik & Maurer, John, eds., The Washington Conference, 1921-22 : naval rivalry, East Asian stability and the road to Pearl Harbor

Haggie, Paul, Britannia at bay : the defence of the British Empire against Japan 1931-1941

Hamill, Ian, The strategic illusion : the Singapore strategy and the defence of Australia and New Zealand, 1919-1942

Haslam, Jonathan, The Soviet Union and the threat from the east, 1933-41 : Moscow, Tokyo and the prelude to the Pacific War

Iriye, Akira, Pearl Harbor and the coming of the Pacific War : a brief history with documents and essays

Iriye, Akira, The Origins of the Second World War in Asia and the Pacific 

Lee, Bradford Adams, Britain and the Sino-Japanese war, 1937-1939 : a study in the dilemmas of British decline

Lensen, George Alexander, The damned inheritance : the Soviet Union and the Manchurian crises, 1924-1935.

Louis, William Roger, British strategy in the Far East, 1919-1939

Lowe, Peter, Britain in the Far East : a survey from 1819 to the present

*Lowe, Peter, Great Britain and the origins of the Pacific War : a study of British policy in East Asia 1937-1941

*Nish, Ian Hill, ed., Anglo-Japanese alienation, 1919-1952 : papers of the Anglo-Japanese Conference on the History of the Second World War 

Nish, Ian Hill., Alliance in decline : a study in Anglo-Japanese relations, 1908-23

Sun, Youli, China and the origins of the Pacific war, 1931-1941

Tarling, Nicholas, Britain, Southeast Asia and the onset of the Pacific War [chapter 1]

Articles

Thorne, C, ‘The Shanghai Crisis of 1932: The Basis of British Policy’, The American historical review., 1970

Nish, I, ‘Japan and the Ending of the Anglo-Japanese Alliance,’ in Bourne, Kenneth & Watt, Donald Cameron, eds, Studies in international history : essays presented to W. Norton Medlicott

Callahan, R, ‘The Illusion of Security: Singapore 1919-42’, Journal of contemporary history., 1974

Thorne, C, ‘Viscount Cecil, The Government and The Far Eastern Crisis’, The historical journal., 1971

Rothwell, V., ‘The Mission of Sir Frederick Leith-Ross to the Far East 1935-1936’, The historical journal., 1975

Lowe, P., ‘Retreat from Power: British Attitudes Towards Japan, 1923-1941’ in Ion, A. & Hunt, B., eds., War and diplomacy across the Pacific 1919-1952.

Perkins, E., ‘The Non Application of Sanctions Against Japan, 1931-1932’ in Lee, D. & McReynolds, G., eds, Essays in history and international relations : in honor of George Hubbard Blakeslee

Clifford, N., ‘Britain, America and the Far East, 1937-1940. a Failure in Co-operation’, The journal of British studies., 1963

 

Week 6. The International Crises of 1935-6

General objective: To enhance student understanding and appreciation of the impact on international alignments of the major international crises of the mid-1930s.

General question: How and why did Germany benefit from the international crises that emerged in the years 1935-36?

Books

*Alpert, Michael, A New International History of the Spanish Civil War

Baer, George W., The coming of the Italian-Ethiopian War

Balfour, Sebastian & Preston, Paul, Spain and the great powers in the twentieth century

Edwards, Jill, The British government and the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

*Emmerson, J. T., The Rhineland crisis, 7 March 1936 : a study in multilateral diplomacy

Haraszti, Eva, Treaty-breakers or "Realpolitiker"? : The Anglo-German naval agreement of June 1935

Haraszti, Eva, The invaders : Hitler occupies the Rhineland

*Hardie, Frank, The Abyssinian crisis

Ion, A. Hamish & Errington, E. J., eds, Great powers and little wars : the limits of power

Kleine-Ahlbrandt, William Laird, The policy of simmering : a study of British policy during the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Leitz, Christian & Dunthorn, David, J, eds, Spain in an international context 1936-1959

*Mack Smith, Denis, Mussolini’s Roman Empire

Maiolo, Joseph A., The Royal Navy and Nazi Germany, 1933-39 : a study in appeasement and the origins of the Second World War.

*Robertson, Esmonde M., Mussolini as empire-builder : Europe and Africa, 1932-36 

*Stone, Glyn, Spain, Portugal, and the Great Powers, 1931-1941

Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War

Waley, Daniel, British public opinion and the Abyssinian War, 1935-6

Articles

Goldman A., ‘Sir Robert Vansittart’s Search for Italian Co-operation against Hitler’ Journal of contemporary history., 1974  

Parker, R., ‘Britain, France and the Ethiopian Crisis’, English historical review., 1974 

Robertson, E., ‘Hitler and Sanctions: Mussolini and the Rhineland’, European studies review., 1977

Schuker, S., ‘France and the Remilitarization of the Rhineland, 1936’, French historical studies., 1986

Stone, G., ‘Britain, Non-Intervention and the Spanish Civil War’, European studies review., 1979

Watt, D., ‘The Rome-Berlin Axis, 1936-1940’, The review of politics., 1960

 

Week 8: The Approach of War, 1937-9

General objective: To enhance student understanding and appreciation of the international crises that resulted in the outbreak of war in 1939, and of the forces that drove them forward.

General question: What issues were at stake for the powers engaged in the conflict that erupted in September 1939?

Books

Adams, R. J., British Politics and Foreign Policy in the Age of Appeasement 1935-39

Aster, Sidney, 1939 : the making of the Second World War

Bell, Peter, Chamberlain, Germany and Japan, 1933-4

Caputi, Robert J., Neville Chamberlain and appeasement

Cienciala, Anna, Poland and the Western powers 1938-1939 : a study in the interdependence of Eastern and Western Europe

Colvin, Ian, The Chamberlain Cabinet : how the meetings in 10 Downing Street, 1937-9, led to the Second World War, told for the first time from the Cabinet papers

Crozier, Andrew J., Appeasement and Germany's last bid for colonies

Douglas, Roy, In the year of Munich

Douglas, Roy, The advent of war, 1939-40

Feiling, Keith, The life of Neville Chamberlain.

Gilbert, Martin, The Roots of Appeasement

Low, Alfred D., The Anschluss movement, 1931-1938, and the great powers

May, Ernest, Knowing one's enemies : intelligence assessment before the two world wars

McDonough, Frank, Neville Chamberlain, appeasement and the British road to war

Medlicott,William N, The coming of war in 1939

Middlemas, Keith, Diplomacy of illusion : the British Government and Germany, 1937-39

Mommsen, Wolfgang and Kettenacker, Lothar, eds, The Fascist challenge and the policy of appeasement

Newman, Simon, March 1939 : the British guarantee to Poland : a study in the continuity of British foreign policy

Ovendale, Ritchie 'Appeasement' and the English speaking world : Britain, the United States, the dominions, and the policy of 'appeasement' 1937-1939

Parker, Robert, A. C., Chamberlain and appeasement : British policy and the coming of the Second World War 

Pratt, Lawrence R., East of Malta, West of Suez : Britain's Mediterranean crisis, 1936-1939

Prazmowska, Anita, Britain, Poland and the Eastern Front, 1939

Preston, Adrian, ed., General Staffs and Diplomacy Before the Second World War

Robbins, Keith, Munich 1938

Roi, Michael L., Alternative to appeasement : Sir Robert Vansittart and Alliance diplomacy, 1934-1937

Taylor, Telford, Munich : the price of peace

Thorne, Christopher G., The approach of war, 1938-1939.

Watt, Donald Cameron, How War Came. The Immediate Origins of the Second World War, 1938-1939

Articles

Bell, P.,‘Hitler’s War’ in Hayes, Paul, ed., Themes in modern European history 1890-1945 (London, 1992) 

Haslam, J., ‘The Soviet Union and the Czech Crisis of 1938’, Journal of contemporary history., 1979, Online Journal

Neville, P., ‘Rival Foreign Office Perceptions of Germany, 1936-1939’, Diplomacy and statecraft., 2002, Online journal

Kennedy, P., ‘The Tradition of Appeasement in British Foreign Policy, 1865-1939’, British journal of international studies., 1976, EBL Article K0006

Waddington, G . ‘Hassgegner’: German Views of Great Britain in the later 1930s’, History., 1996, EBL Article W0347

Adamthwaite, A., ‘Bonnet, Daladier and French Appeasement, April-September 1938’, International relations., 1967, EBL Article A0106

 

Week 9. From European to World War, 1939-41 (see also various works in relevant sections of the main bibliography)

General objective: To enhance student understanding and appreciation of the reasons for the escalation of a European war into a global conflict.

General question: Why was the collapse of France such a seminal moment in the development of the Second World War?

Books

Baldwin, Hanson, The crucial years, 1939-1941 : the world at war

Bell, Philip, A certain eventuality... : Britain and the fall of France

Bergamini, David, Japan's imperial conspiracy

Boog, Horst, et al, Germany and the Second World War. Vol. 6, The global war : widening of the conflict into a world war and the shift of the initiative 1941-1943

Boog, Horst, et al, Germany and the Second World War. Vol. 4, The attack on the Soviet Union

Borg Dorothy & Shumpei Okamoto, Pearl Harbor as history : Japanese-American relations, 1931-1941

Butow, Robert, Tojo and the coming of the war.

Carr, William, Poland to Pearl Harbor : the making of the Second World War

Cecil, Robert, Hitler's decision to invade Russia, 1941

Douglas, Roy, The advent of war, 1939-40

Herzog, James, Closing the open door : American-Japanese diplomatic negotiations, 1936-1941

*Hinsley, Harry, Hitler’s Strategy

Ienaga, Saburo, Japan's last war : World War II and the Japanese, 1931-1945

Iriye, Akira, Pearl Harbor and the coming of the Pacific War : a brief history with documents and essays

*Iriye, Akira, The Origins of the Second World War in Asia and the Pacific 

Jackson, Julian, The Fall of France. The Nazi Invasion of 1940

*Leach, Barry, German strategy against Russia, 1939-1941

Lukacs, John, The duel : Hitler vs. Churchill, 10 May - 31 July 1940

*Maier, Klaus, et al, Germany and the Second World War. Vol. 2, Germany's initial conquests in Europe

Schreiber, Gerhard, et al, Germany and the Second World War. Vol. 3, The Mediterranean, south-east Europe, and north Africa, 1939-1941 : from Italy's declaration of non-belligerence to the entry of the United States into the war

*Toland, John, The rising sun : the decline and fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945

Trevor-Roper, Hugh, Hitler's war directives, 1939-1945

*Weinberg, Gerhard, Germany and the Soviet Union, 1939-1941

Articles

Schliam, A., ‘Prelude to Downfall. The British Offer on Union to France, June 1940’, Journal of contemporary history., 1974.

Zahniser, M., ‘Rethinking the Significance of Disaster. The United States and the Fall of France in 1940’, International history review., 1992.

 

Week 10. The Second World War, 1941-45 (see also various works in relevant sections of the main bibliography)

General objective: To enhance student understanding and appreciation of the factors which determined the fortunes of the Allies and the Axis during the Second World War.

General question: Why did the Allies win the Second World War?

Books

Bialer. Seweryn, Stalin and His Generals

*Bullock, Alan, Hitler. A Study in Tyranny

Churchill, Winston, The Second World War, vols 2-6

Gilbert, Martin, Road to victory : Winston S. Churchill 1941-45

Gilbert, Martin, Churchill : a life

Haffner, Sebastian, The meaning of Hitler

*Kershaw, Ian, Hitler 1936-45: Nemesis

Kimball, Warren, Forged in war : Churchill, Roosevelt, and the Second World War

Lensen. George, The strange neutrality : Soviet-Japanese relations during the Second World War, 1941-1945.

*Lewin, Robert, Hitler's mistakes

Lewin, Robert, Churchill as warlord

Overy, Richard, War and economy in the Third Reich

*Overy, Richard, Why the Allies won

Sainsbury, Keith, Churchill and Roosevelt at war : the war they fought and the peace they hoped to make

*Roberts, Geoffrey, Stalin's wars : from World War to Cold War, 1939-1953

Schoenfeld, Maxwell, The war ministry of Winston Churchill.

Seaton, Albert, Stalin as warlord

*Strawson, John, Hitler as Military Commander

*Wiskemann. Elisabeth, The Rome-Berlin Axis : a history of the relations between Hitler and Mussolini

Woodward, Sir Llewellyn, British Foreign Policy in the Second World War (5 Volumes)

Articles

Bartlett, C., ‘Inter-Allied Relations in the Second World War’, History., 1978

Carroll, F., ‘A Double Edged Sword. Anglo-American “Special Relations” 1936-8’, International history review., 1984

Dilks, D., ‘Allied Leadership in the Second World War’, Survey., 1975

Harbutt, F., ‘Churchill, Hopkins and the “Other Americans”. An Alternative Perspective on Anglo-American Relations 1941-45’, International history review., 1986

*Kitchen, M., ‘Winston Churchill and the Soviet Union during the Second World War’, The historical journal., 1987. EBL CC A7054

Langer, J., ‘The Harriman-Beaverbrook Mission and the Debate over Unconditional Aid to the Soviet Union, 1941’, Journal of contemporary history., 1979

*Lowenthal, M., ‘Roosevelt and the Coming of the War. The Search for United States Policy 1937-42’, Journal of contemporary history., 1981

Overy, R., ‘Hitler and Air Strategy’, Journal of contemporary history., 1980

*Overy, R., ‘Hitler’s War and the German Economy’, The economic history review., 1982

*Ross, G., ‘Allied Diplomacy in the Second World War’, British journal of international studies.1975.

Ross, G., ‘Foreign Office Attitudes towards the Soviet Union, 1941-45’, Journal of contemporary history., 1981

Sainsbury, K., ‘ “Second Front in 1942”. Anglo-American Differences over Strategy’, British journal of international studies., 1978

Schofield, B, ‘The Defeat of the U-Boats during World War Two’, Journal of contemporary history., 1981

 

This list was last updated on 27/09/2020