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PIED 1601 Reading List

Freedom, Power and Resistance: An Introduction to Political Ideas, 2021/22, Semester 1
Dr Graham Smith
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Required Reading

During the course of the module, we will study influential texts in Western political thought. You will need to acquire copies of each of the following:

1. Jean-Jacques Rousseau Discourse on the Origins and Foundations of Inequality among Men and The Social Contract

Any editions will do, although the Penguin Classics editions are ideal. It is also possible to access the
full texts on-line:

The Discourse on the Origin of Inequality:
The Social Contract:



2.  Mary Wollstonecraft,  A Vindication of the Rights of Woman  and  A Vindication of the Rights of Men

Any edition will do, though the Oxford University Press edition is ideal. It is also possible to access the full texts on-line: and


3. JS Mill, On Liberty.

Any edition will do. It is also possible to access the full texts on-line:


4. Karl Marx and Frederick Engels The Communist Manifesto and The Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844

Any edition of The 1844 Manuscripts or The Communist Manifesto will do, though the Penguin and Oxford University Press editions (of the latter) are both ideal. It is also possible to access the full texts on-line:

Communist Manifesto:
The Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844:


5. Frederick Douglass, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave

Any edition will do, though the Penguin edition is ideal. It is also possible to access the full text on-line:



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1. Week One: Introduction 

Required Reading:

There is no required reading for this week.



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2. Week Two: Rousseau 1

Required Reading:

Rousseau, Discourse on the Origins and Foundations of Inequality among Men, Part 2 

This reading can also be found here: The Discourse on the Origin of Inequality:


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3. Week Three: Rousseau 2

Required Reading:

Rousseau, The Social Contract (Books 1 and 2)

This reading can also be found here: The Social Contract:

Further Reading on Rousseau

Rousseau Further Reading


Articles (available online via library website)

Bertram, Christopher, 2012. "Jean Jacques Rousseau", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2012 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.),

Cohen, Joshua, 1986. ‘Reflections on Rousseau: Autonomy and Democracy’, Philosophy and Public Affairs, Vol. 15, No. 3, 275-297.

Froese, Katrin, 2001. ‘Beyond Liberalism: The Moral Community of Rousseau's Social Contract’, Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique, Vol. 34, No. 3, 579 – 600

Garrard, Graeme, 2014. ‘Rousseau, Happiness and Human Nature’, Political Studies, Vol. 62, 70-82.

Sreenivasan, G., 2000, “What is the General Will?”, Philosophical Review, 109: 545–81.


Podcasts/radio programmes

‘Rousseau on Modern Society’ Philosophy Bites Podcast (with Melissa Lane).

‘Rousseau’s Moral Psychology’ Philosophy Bites Podcast (with Christopher Bertram).

‘The Social Contract’, BBC Radio 4 In Our Time.


Books (some accessible online, others in hard copy, all in the library)

Bertram, Christopher, 2004, Rousseau and The Social Contract, London: Routledge.

Charvet, John, 1974, The Social Problem in the Philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cohen, Joshua, 2010, Rousseau: A Free Community of Equals, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dent, N.J.H., 2005, Rousseau, Routledge.

Morris, Christopher W. 1999. The Social Contract Theorists: critical essays on Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau, Rowman and Littlefield.

Riley, Patrick, 2001, Cambridge Companion to Rousseau, Cambridge University Press.



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3. Week Four: Mary Wollstonecraft 1

Required Reading:

Wollstonecraft,   Vindication of the Rights of Men.

This reading can also be found here:


Further Reading on Wollstonecraft 

Bergès, Sandrine. . 2013. The Routledge guidebook to Wollstonecraft's A vindication of the rights of woman. London: Routledge.

Bergès, Sandrine, and Coffee, Alan (eds.). 2016. The Social and Political Philosophy of Mary Wollstonecraft. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 

Bergès, Sandrine, Botting, Eileen, Coffee, Alan (eds.). 2019. The Wollstonecraftian Mind. Abingdon, Oxon:


Botting, Eileen Hunt, and Carey, Christine (eds.), 2004, 'Wollstonecraft's Philosophical Impact on Nineteenth-Century American Women's Rights Advocates'. American Journal of Political Science, 48(4): 707–722.

Bryson, Valerie. 2003. Feminist Political Theory: An Introduction. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Clemit, Pamela, 2002, “The Different Faces of Mary Wollstonecraft”, Enlightenment and Dissent, 21:163–169.

Carroll, Ross. 2019. 'Wollstonecraft and the political value of contempt'. European Journal of Political Theory 18(1): 26-46

Coffee, Alan, 2013, “Mary Wollstonecraft, Freedom and the Enduring Power of Social Domination”, European Journal of Political Theory, 12(2): 116–135.

Conniff, James, 1999, “Edmund Burke and His Critics: The case of Mary Wollstonecraft”, Journal of the History of Ideas, 60(2): 299–318

Gordon, Charlotte. 2016.  Romantic outlaws : the extraordinary lives of Mary Wollstonecraft & Mary Shelley. Windmill Books.

Johnson, Caludia (eds.). 2003. The Cambridge Companion to Mary Wollstonecraft. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kelly, Gary. 1992. Revolutionary feminism : the mind and career of Mary Wollstonecraft. New York: St. Martin's.

Knott, Sarah and Taylor, Barbara (eds.). 2005. Women, gender and enlightenment. Palgrave MacMillan.

Maione, Angela. 2019. 'Over the centuries: a history of Wollstonecraft reception'. Journal of Gender Studies, 28 (7): 777-788.

O'Neill, Daniel I., 2007, The Burke-Wollstonecraft Debate: Savagery, Civilization, and Democracy, University Park, PA: Pennsylvania University Press.

Sapiro, Virginia. 1992. A vindication of political virtue : the political theory of Mary Wollstonecraft. Chicago: University of Chicago Press

Taylor, Barbara. 2003. Mary Wollstonecraft and the feminist imagination. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Todd, Janet. 2000. Mary Wollstonecraft : a revolutionary life. London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson.

Tomaselli, Sylvana. 2018. "Mary Wollstonecraft", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2018 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.).

Yeo, Eileen Janes. 1997. Mary Wollstonecraft and 200 years of feminisms. London: River Oram.

See also :


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5. Week Five: Mary Wollstonecraft 2

Required Reading:

Vindication of the rights of woman, Chapters 1, 2, and 12.

This reading can also be found here:

See Week 6 for further reading.



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6. Week Six: JS Mill

Required Reading:

Mill, On Liberty, Chapters I, III and IV 

This reading can also be found here:




Further Reading:

Berlin, Isaiah (1969) Four Essays on Liberty (Oxford: Oxford University Press)
Brink, D. (2013) Mill’s Progressive Principles (Oxford: Oxford University Press)
Capaldi, N. (2004) John Stuart Mill: a Biography (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)
Cohen-Almagor, Raphael (2017) ‘J.S. Mill’s Boundaries of Freedom of Expression: A Critique’, Philosophy 92(4):565-596.
Cowling, Maurice (1990) Mill and Liberalism¸ second edition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)
Dyzenhaus, D. (1992) ‘John Stuart Mill and the Harm of Pornography’, Ethics 102: 534-51.
Feinberg, Joel (1985) The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law. Volume 2, Offense to Others (New York: Oxford University Press).
Gray, John (1983) Mill on Liberty: A Defence (London: Routledge)
Gray, John and Smith, G.W. (1991) J.S. Mill: On Liberty in Focus (London: Routledge)
Philips, Menaka (2016) ‘Troubling Appropriations: JS Mill, Libealism, and the Virtues of Uncertainty’, European Journal of Political Theory 18(1): 68-88.
Riley, Jonathan (1991) ‘One Very Simple Principle’, Utilitas 3(1): 1-35.
Riley, Jonathan (1998) Mill on Liberty (Routledge)
Riley, Jonathan (2005) ‘J.S. Mill’s Doctrine of Freedom of Expression’, Utilitas 17(2): 147-179.
Ryan, Alan (1987) The Philosophy of John Stuart Mill, second edition (Amherst, NY: Humanity Books)
Skorupski, John (2006) Why Read Mill Today? (London: Routledge)
Stanley, Sharon (2017) ‘John Stuart Mill, Children's Liberty, and the Unraveling of Autonomy’, The Review of Politics 79(1): 49-72.
Ten, C.L. (2009) Mill’s On Liberty: A Critical Guide (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)
Westmoreland, Robert (2020) ‘The Liberty of the Liberty Principle’, Res Publica 26: 337-355.
Wolff, Jonathan (1997) ‘Mill, Indecency and the Liberty Principle’, Utilitas 9


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7. Week Seven: JS Mill 2

Required Reading:


Mill, On Liberty, Chapters II and V

This reading can also be found here:

Please see the list for Week 5 for further readings.


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8. Week Eight: Karl Marx and Frederick Engels 1

Required Reading:

Marx, The Communist Manifesto

You will also find this reading here: Communist Manifesto:

Further Reading on Marx:

Texts by Marx are available from or in David McLellan’s Selected Writings.

Secondary reading on Marx:

Ali, Tariq. 2017. 'Introduction to The Communist Manifesto'. Verso Blog,

Avinieri, Shlomo. 1968. The social and political thought of Karl Marx.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Berman, Marshall. 2011. 'Tearing Away the Veils: The Communist Manifesto'. Dissent,

Boyer, George. R. .1998). 'The historical background of the Communist Manifesto'. Journal of Economic Perspectives 12(4), 151-174

Callinicos, Alex. 2010. The revolutionary ideas of Karl Marx. Bloomsbury, London: Bookmarks.

Cohen, G.A. 1978 Karl Marx's theory of history : a defence. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Eagleton, Terry. 2011. Why Marx was right. London: Yale University Press.

Himmelweit, Susan. 1991. Reporduction and the materialist conception of history: A feminist critique. In: Carver, T. ed. The Cambridge Companion to Marx. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 196-221.

Hobsbawm, Eric. 2011. How to change the world : Marx and Marxism 1840-2011. London: Abacus.

Laski, Harold J. 1999. “Introduction to the Communist Manifesto.” Social Scientist, 27 (1/4): 49–111.

Lowe, Dan. 2015. 'Karl Marx's Concpetion of Alienation'. 1000 Word Philosophy,

McLellan, David. 1973. Karl Marx : his life and thought. London: Harper & Row

Munck, Ronaldo. 2016. Marx at 2020 : after the crisis. London: Zed.    

Musto, Marcello (2010) 'Revisiting Marx's Concept of Alienation'. Socialism and Democracy 24(3): 79-101.

Petrović, Gajo. 1963. “Marx's Theory of Alienation.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 23 (3): 419–426

Sayers, Sean. 2011. Marx and Alienation. Essays on Hegelian Themes, London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Sayers, Sean. 2011. 'Alienation as a critical concept'. International Critical Thought 1 (3): 287-304

Singer, Peter. 2001. Marx : a very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Valls, Andrew. 2005. Race and racism in modern philosophy ISBN: 9780801472749 (pbk.); 9780801440335 (hbk.) : No price; 0801440335 (hbk.) : No price; 0801472741 (pbk.) : No price. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press. (chapter 12)

Wheen, Francis. 2001. Karl Marx : a life. London: Fourth Estate

Wolff, Jonathan. 2003. Why read Marx today? Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wolff, Jonathan. 2017,  'Karl Marx', The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2017 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), has loads of useful info and resources.

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9. Week Nine: Karl Marx 2

Required Reading:

Marx,  'Estranged Labour', in The Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts. - Available online:

See Week 8 for further reading


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10. Week Ten: Frederick Douglass 1

Required Reading:

Douglass, Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass, an American slave, chapters I-IX

Optional reading referred to in lecture: 

Thomas Carlyle, 'Occasional Discourse on the Negro Question', available on-line:;view=1up;seq=690

John Stuart Mill, 'On the Negro Question', available on-line:

George Fitzhugh, Cannibals All! Or, Slaves Without Masters, available on-line:

Further Reading on Douglass:

Texts by Douglass:

'What to the Slave is the Fourth of July? ' available in the Penguin edition of the Narrative  and on-line:

My Bondage and My Freedom, available on-line:

‘If There is No Struggle, there is No Progress’. Available at 


Secondary reading on Douglass:

Ballard, Barbara J. 2006. 'Frederick Douglass and the Ideology of Resistance', Critical Review of Social and Political Philosophy, 7/4: 51-75.

Bennett, Nolan. 2016. To Narrate and Denounce: Frederick Douglass and the Politics of Personal Narrative, Political theory.  44/2: 240-64.

Boxill, Bernard R., 1992, Blacks and social justice. Rev. ed. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.

Davis, Angela Y. 2010. 'Lectures on Liberation' in F. Douglass and A. Davis, Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass, an American slave, written by himself : a new critical edition A New Critical Edition, Open Media Series. San Francisco: City Lights Books.

Kohn, Margaret. 2005. 'Frederick Douglass's Master-Slave Dialectic', Journal of Politics 67/2: 497-514.

Lawson, Bill E. and Frank M. Kirkland, 1999, Frederick Douglass : a critical reader, Blackwell Critical Readers. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers.

Lee, Maurice S., 2009, The Cambridge Companion to Frederick Douglass, Cambridge Companions to American Studies. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Martin, Waldo E., 1984, The mind of Frederick Douglass. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

Mills, Charles W. 1998. 'Whose Fourth of July? Frederick Douglass and "Original Intent"', in C. W. Mills, Blackness Visible: Essays on Philosophy and Race. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, Chapter 8.   

Sokoloff, William W. 2014. 'Frederick Douglass and the Politics of Rage', New Political Science, 36/3: 330-345.

Sundstrom, Ronald. 2012. 'Frederick Douglass', Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource].  on-line at:

Washington, Booker, T. 1968. Frederick Douglass. New York: Haskell House.


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11. Week Eleven: Frederick Douglass 2

Required Reading:

Douglass, Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass, an American slave, chapters X and XI

Douglass, ‘If There is No Struggle, there is No Progress’. Available at

See Week 10 for further reading.

This list was last updated on 01/10/2021