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MODL1070 World Histories Reading List

World Histories, 2021/22, Semester 1, 2
Professor Emma Stafford
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Students are not expected to read all the items on this list, but rather to select from it items that are of particular interest to them. With that in mind, we have included a certain number of texts that are not available in English, for the benefit of those students with the requisite language skills. Items marked with an asterisk have been identified as useful starting points. Where possible, we have digitised copies of these texts and made them available as Online Course Readings, which are available through the "Learning Resources" page in the VLE.

1. Introduction to World Histories (first half of semester 1)

World historiographies

Iggers, Georg G, Q. Edward Wang, and Supriya Mukherjee, A global history of modern historiography, 1st edn (Longman, 2008)

Woolf, D.R., A Global encyclopedia of historical writing, 1st edn (Routledge, 1998)

Woolf, Daniel, ‘Historiography’, in New dictionary of the history of ideas, 6 vols. (Detroit: Thomson Gale, 2005), i, xxxv–lxxxviii 

Ancient Greek and Roman historiography

Erskine, A. ed. 2009. A Companion to Ancient History. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Feldherr, A. (ed.) 2009. The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Historians. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Grant, M. 1995. Greek and Roman Historians: information and misinformationLondon: Routledge.

Hedrick, C.W. Jr. 2006. Ancient History: monuments and documents. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Kraus, C. and Woodman, A. 1997. Latin Historians. Greece & Rome, New Surveys in the Classics 27. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Luce, T. J. 1997. The Greek Historians. London and New York: Routledge.

Marincola, J. 2001. Greek Historians. Greece & Rome, New Surveys in the Classics 31. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Marincola, J. ed. 2007. A Companion to Greek and Roman Historiography. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Mellor, R. 1999. The Roman Historians. London: Routledge.

Pitcher, L. (2009) Writing Ancient History. London: Bloomsbury.

Chinese and wider East Asian historiography

Primary sources

de Bary, Wm Theodore and Irene Bloom, comp. Sources of Chinese Tradition, Vol. 1: From Earliest Times to 1600, 2nd edn. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1999). You can find more writings on the Chinese historiographical tradition from the index. 

Sima, Qian. and Watson, B. (trans) 1993. Records of the grand historian : Han dynasty. Translated by Burton Watson (Hong Kong: Research Centre for Translation, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1993).

Zuoqiu Ming, (trad. comp.), Zuo's Commentary, trans. into English by Hu Zhihui and into modern Chinese by Chen Kejiong (Changsha: Hunan renmin, 1996). This is the version we are reading in class.

Zuo Tradition, Zuozhuan: Commentary on the "Spring and Autumn Annals", vol. 1, trans. and intro. by Stephen Durrant, Wai-yee Li and David Schaberg (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2016). This is not the version we are reading for class, but you may wish to compare.

Secondary sources (discussions of Chinese historiography)

Some of these readigns are quite advanced, but even reading some of them will give you a good sense of the issues in Chinese, and to some extent East Asian, historiography. 

Durrant, Stephen W., The Cloudy Mirror: Tension and Conflict in the Writings of Sima Qian (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1995). Although this book focuses on a rather specific topic, it gives a clear example of some of the tensions in early Chinese historiographical writing.

Duara, P. 1995. Rescuing history from the nation : questioning narratives of modern China. U of Chicago Press.

Ebrey, P.B. et al. 2009. East Asia: a cultural, social, and political history. Belmont, Calif: Wadsworth.

Holcombe, C. 2011. A history of East Asia : from the origins of civilization to the twenty-first century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Leung, Vincent S. The Politics of the Past in Early China (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019)

Lewis, Mark Edward. Writing and Authority in Early China (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1999). This is a bit technical for this level, but it thinks about early Chinese historical writing as 'world history' to some extent.

Moloughney, B. and Zarrow, P. 2011. Transforming history : the making of a modern academic discipline in twentieth-century China. Hong Kong and Oxford: Chinese UP.

Ng, O. and Wang, Q.E. 2005. Mirroring the past : the writing and use of history in imperial China. Honolulu:: U of Hawai’i Press.

Park, H.J. 2014. East Asian Odyssey towards One Region: The Problem of East Asia as a Historiographical Category. History compass.. 12 (12), pp.889–900.

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2. Memory (second half of semester 1)

Introduction to Memory Studies

Assmann, Aleida (2010), ‘Re-framing memory: Between individual and collective forms of constructing the past’, in Karin Tilmans, Frank van Vree and Jay Winter (eds.), Performing the Past: Memory, History and Identity in Modern Europe, Amsterdam UP, 35-50 – available online:

Assman, Aleida (2016), Shadows of Trauma. Memory and the Politics of Postwar Identity, New York: Ford University Press.

Assmann, Aleida (2017), ‘Transnational Memory and the Construction of History through Mass Media’, in: Lucy Bond, Stef Craps and Peter Vermeulen, eds., Memory Unbound: Tracing the Dynamics of Memory Studies, Berghahn Books, 65-80.

Assman, Jan (1995), ‘Collective memory and cultural identity’, New German Critique, 65, 125-133.

Berger, Stefan and Bill Niven, eds (2014), Writing the History of Memory, Bloomsbury.

Burke, Peter (1989), ‘History as Social Memory’, in: Thomas Butler, ed, Memory: History, Culture and the Mind, Blackwell, 97-113.

Confino, Alon (1997), ‘Collective memory and cultural history: problems of method’, American Historical Review, 102:5, 1387-1403,

Crane, Susan, ‘Writing the individual back into collective memory’, American Historical Review, 102:5 (1997)

Cubitt, Geoff (2019), ‘History of Memory’, in: Marek Tamm and Peter Burke, eds, Debating New Approaches to History, London: Bloomsbury, 127-158.

Eley, Geoff (2011), 'The Past Under Erasure? History, Memory and the Contemporary', Journal of Contemporary History, 46:3, 555-573

Erll, Astrid and Ansgar Nünning, eds. (2008), Cultural Memory Studies: An International and Interdisciplinary Handbook, Berlin: de Gruyter.

Erll, Astrid (2011), Memory in Culture, Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Garde-Hansen, Joanne (2011), Media and Memory, Edinburgh UP.

Halbwachs, Maurice (1992), On Collective Memory, University of Chicago Press.

Hirsch, Marianne (2012), The Generation of Postmemory: Writing and Visual Culture After the Holocaust, Columbia UP.

Kansteiner, Wulf (2002), ‘Finding meaning in memory: a methodological critique of collective memory studies’, History and Theory, 41:2, 179-197

Kattago, Siobhan, ed (2015), Ashgate Research Companion to Memory Studies, London: Ashgate.

Klein, Kerwin Lee (2000), ‘On the emergence of memory in historical discourse’, Representations, 69.

Landsberg, Alison (2004), Prosthetic Memory: The Transformation of American Remembrance in the Age of Mass Culture, Columbia UP.

Levy, Daniel and Natan Sznaider (2002), ‘Memory Unbound. The Holocaust and the Formation of Cosmopolitan Memory, European Journal of Social Theory 5:1, 87-106.

Megill, Allan (1998), 'History, memory, identity', History of the Human Sciences, 11:3.

Nora, Pierre (1989), ‘Between memory and history: les lieux de mémoires’, Representations, 26.

Olick, Jeffrey, Vered Vinitzky-Seroussi and Daniel Levy, eds (2011), The Collective Memory Reader, Oxford UP.

Radstone, Susannah (2008), ‘Memory studies: for and against’, Memory Studies, 1:1.

Radstone, Susannah and Bill Schwartz, eds. (2010), Memory: Histories, Theories, Debates, Fordham University Press.

Rigney, Ann (2005), ‘Plenitude, scarcity and the circulation of cultural memory’, Journal of European Studies, 35:1.

Roediger, Henry L.  and James V. Wertsch (2008), ‘Creating a new discipline of memory studies’, Memory Studies, 1:1.

Rosenfeld, Gavriel D. (2009), ‘A Looming Crash or a Soft Landing? Forecasting the Future of the Memory “Industry”’, Journal of Modern History, 81:2, 122-158.

Rossington, Michael and Anne Whitehead, eds (2007), Theories of Memory: A Reader, Edinburgh UP.

Tota, Anna Lisa and Trever Hagen, eds (2015), Routledge International Handbook of Memory Studies, Routledge.

Tumblety, Joan (2013), Memory and History: Understanding Memory as Source and Subject, Routledge.

Zelizer, Barbie (1995), ‘Reading the past against the grain: the shape of memory studies’, Critical Studies in Mass Communication, 12:2.

Memory in ancient Greece and Rome

Galinsky, K. (ed.) 2014. Memoria Romana: Memory in Rome and Rome in Memory. Supplements to the Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome, 10. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press

Galinsky, K. (ed.) 2016. Memory in Ancient Rome and Early Christianity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Galinksy, K. and Lapatin, K. (eds.) (2016), Cultural Memories in the Roman Empire, Los Angeles: Getty Publications.

Marincola, J., Lewellyn-Jones, L. and Maciver, C. (eds) 2012. Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras (Edinburgh Leventis Studies EUP Book 6)

Pieper, C. and J. Ker 2014. 'Chapter 1. General Introduction: Valuing Antiquity in Antiquity' in Pieper, C. and Ker, J. (eds) Valuing the past in the Greco-Roman world: proceedings from the Penn-Leiden Colloquia on Ancient Values VII (Brill): pp. 1-22.

Thomas, R. 2019. Polis Histories, Collective Memories and the Greek World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

The debate over continuities between colonial genocide and the Holocaust

Bachmann, Klaus (2018), ‘From German South West Africa to the Third Reich. Testing the Continuity Thesis’, Journal of Namibian Studies, 23, 29–52. Available Online Here

Bruns, Claudia (2011), ‘Antisemitism and Colonial Racism: Transnational and Interdiscursive Intersectionality’, in: Wulf D. Hund, ed, Racism Made in Germany, Münster: LIT, 99-121.  

Gerwarth, Robert, and Stephan Malinowski (2009). ‘Hannah Arendt’s Ghosts: Reflections on the Disputable Path from Windhoek to Auschwitz’, Central European History 42:2, 279–300.

Gross, Pascal (2005), ‘What Does German Colonialism Have to Do with National Socialism? A Conceptual Framework’, in: Eric Ames, Marcia Klotz and Lora Wildenthal, eds, Germany’s Colonial Pasts, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 115-134.

Hull, Isabel V.  (2003), ‘Military Culture and the Production of “Final Solutions” in the Colonies’, in: Robert Gellately and Ben Kiernan, eds, The Specter of Genocide, Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 141-162.

Kühne, Thomas (2013), ‘Colonialism and the Holocaust: Continuities, Causations, and Complexities’, Journal of Genocide Research 15:3, 339-362.

Kundrus, Birthe (2008), ‘Continuities, parallels, receptions. Reflections on the “colonization” of National Socialism’, Journal of Namibian Studies 1:4, 25-46,

Kundrus, Birthe (2011), ‘German Colonialism. Some Reflections on Reassessments, Specificities and Constellations’, in: Volker Langbehn and Mohammed Salama, eds, German Colonialism. Race, the Holocaust and Postwar Germany, Columbia UP, 29-47.

Madley, Benjamin (2005), ‘From Africa to Auschwitz: How German South West Africa Incubated Ideas and Methods Adopted and Developed by the Nazis in Eastern Europe’, European History Quarterly 35:3, 429-464..

Moses, Dirk A. (2002), ‘Conceptual Blockages and Definitional Dilemmas in the “Racial Century”: Genocides of Indigenous Peoples and the Holocaust’, Patterns of Prejudice 36:4, 7-36.

Pergher, Roberta and Mark Roseman (2013), ‘The Holocaust – An Imperial Genocide?’, Dapim: Studies on the Holocaust 27:1, 42-49.

Rosenbaum, Alan S, ed (1996), Is the Holocaust Unique? Perspectives on Comparative Genocide, Westview Press.

Rosenfeld, Gavriel (1999), ‘The Politics of Uniqueness: Reflections on the Recent Polemical Turn in Holocaust  and Genocide Scholarship’, Holocaust and Genocide Studies 13:1, 28-61.

Zimmerer, Jürgen (2008), ‘War, Concentration Camps and Genocide in South-West Africa: The First German Genocide’, in: Jürgen Zimmerer and Joachim Zeller, eds, Genocide in German South West Africa: The Colonial War of 1904-1908 and its Aftermath, Monmouth: Merlin Press, 41-63.

Zollmann, Jakob (2007), ‘Polemics and Other Arguments. A German Debate Reviewed’, Journal of Namibian Studies 1, 109-130. Available Online Here

Zollmann, Jakob (2013), ‘From Windhuk to Auschwitz – old wine in new bottles?’, Journal of Namibian Studies 14, 77-121. Available Online Here

Remembering colonail genocide and the Holocaust in Germany

Albrecht, Monika (2017), ‘Negotiating Memories of German Colonialism: Reflections on Current Forms of Non-Governmental Memory Politics’, Journal of European Studies, 47:2, 203–18.

Albrecht, Monika (2012), ‘Postcolonialism and migration into Germany’s colonial past’, German Life and Letters 65(3): 363–77.

Bach, Jonathan (2019), ‘Colonial Pasts in Germany’s Present’, German Politics and Society, 37:4, 58–73.

Göttsche, Dirk (2013), Remembering Africa: The Rediscovery of Colonialism in Contemporary German Literature, Camden House.

Göttsche, Dirk (2014), ‘Cross-cultural Memoryscapes: Memory of Colonialism and its Shifting Contexts in Contemporary German Literature’, in: Lucy Bond and Jessica Rapson, eds, The Transcultural Turn: Interrogating Memory Between and Beyond Borders, Berlin: De Gruyter, 225-246.

Göttsche, Dirk, and Axel Dunker, eds (2014), (Post-)Colonialism across Europe: Transcultural History and National Memory, Bielefeld: Aisthesis.

Kössler, Reinhart (2015), Namibia and Germany: Negotiating the Past, Windhoek and Münster: University of Namibia Press and Westfälisches Dampfboot.

Kössler, Reinhart (2020), ‘Postcolonial asymmetry: Coping with the consequences of genocide between Namibia and Germany’, in: Monika Albrecht, ed, Postcolonialism cross-examined. Multidirectional Perspectives on Imperial and Colonial Pasts and the Neocolonial Present, Routledge, 117-143.

Kössler, Reinhart (2021) ‘Research in Solidarity? Investigating Namibian-German Memory Politics in the Aftermath of Colonial Genocide’, in: David D. Kim, eds., Reframing Postcolonial Studies, Palgrave.

Moses, A. Dirk and Michael Rothberg (2014), ‘A Dialogue on the Ethics and Politics of Transcultural Memory’, in: Lucy Bond and Jessica Rapson, eds, The Transcultural Turn: Interrogating Memory Between and Beyond Borders, Berlin: De Gruyter, 29-38.

Niezen, Ronald (2018), ‘Speaking for the Dead: The Memorial Politics of Genocide in Namibia and Germany’, in: International Journal of Heritage Studies 24:5, 547–567.

Rothberg, Michael (2014), ‘Multidirectional Memory in Migratory Settings: The Case of Post-Holocaust Germany’, Chiara De Cesari and Ann Rigney, eds, Transnational Memory: Circulation, Articulation, Scales, Berlin: De Gruyter, 123-146.

Schilling, Britta (2013), 'Imperial Heirlooms: The Private Memory of Colonialism in Germany', The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 41.4: 663–82.

Schilling, Britta (2014), Postcolonial Germany: Memories of Empire in a Decolonized Nation, Oxford University Press.

Schilling, Britta (2016), 'German Postcolonialism in Four Dimensions: A Historical Perspective', Postcolonial Studies, 18.4: 427–39.

Schilling, Britta (2017), 'Material Memories of Empire: Coming to Terms with German Colonialism', in: Klaus Mühlhahn, ed, The Cultural Legacy of German Colonial Rule, Berlin: de Gruyter, pp. 23–50.

Thiemeyer, Thomas (2019), ‘Cosmopolitanizing Colonial Memories in Germany’, Critical Inquiry 45:4, 967–90.

Verber, Jason (2010), ‘Building Up and Tearing Down the Myth of German Colonialism: Colonial Denkmale and Mahnmale after 1945’, in: Bill Niven and Chloe Paver, eds, Memorialization in Germany since 1945, Palgrave.

Verber, Jason (2010), ‘The conundrum of colonialism in postwar Germany’, PhD thesis, University of Iowa. Available Online Here

Mbembe debate 2020/2021

a comprehensive list of contributions to the debate (mostly in German) is available here:

a collection of some contributions to the German debate in English translation:

'I See No Need for an Apology', interview with Felix Klein, Zeit 20 May 2020,

‘Why Achille Mbembe was accused of anti-Semitism', Deutsche Welle 30 April 2020,

Achille Mbembe (2020), 'Letter to the Germans', Latitude May 2020,, German original published in die tageszeitung 11 May 2020.

Brumlik, Micha (2021), ‘The Holocaust as civilizational rupture?’, Eurozine 1 September 2021,

Capdédon, Ulrike and Dirk A. Moses, eds (2020/21), ‘Forum: The Achille Mbembe Controversy and the German Debate about Antisemitism, Israel, and the Holocaust’, Journal of Genocide Research.

Denijal Jegic (2020), 'Colonial discourses are stifling free speech in Germany', Aljazeera 19 June 2020,

Mark Terkessidis (2020), 'Critique of Mbembian Reason', Latitude,

Michael Rothberg (2020), 'Comparing Comparisons: from the Historikerstreit to the Mbembeaffair', Geschichte der Gegenwart,

Michael Rothberg (2020), 'The Spectres of Comparison', Latitude,

Moses, A. Dirk (2021), The Problems of Genocide. Permanent Security and the Language of Transgression, Cambridge UP.

Moses, Dirk A.  (2021), ‘The German Catechism’, Geschichte der Gegenwart 23 May 2021,

Ralf Michaels (2020), 'Thought Control in the Name of Remembrance Culture', Latitude,, originally published in Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung June 2020.

Rothberg, Michael (2009), Multidirectional Memory: Remembering the Holocaust in the Age of Decolonization, Stanford University Press. 

Sonka Zekri (2020), 'Interpreting Trauma', Latitude,, originally published in Süddeutsche Zeitung May 2020.

Tymon Smith (2020), 'The metamorphosis of Achille Mbembe', New Frame 10 June 2020,

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3. Diasporas (first half of semester 2)

Christlelow, Allan, Algerians without borders : the making of a global frontier society (University Press of Florida, 2012)

Kenny, Kevin, Diaspora : a very short introduction, (Oxford: OUP, 2013)

Knott, Kim & McLoughlin, Sean, Diasporas : concepts, intersections, indenties (London: Zed Books, 2010)

Kamen, Henry, The disinherited : the exiles who created Spanish culture (London: Allen Lane, 2007)

Lloréns, Vicente, Liberales y Románticos: Una Emigración Española En Inglaterra (1823-1834) (Madrid : Valencia: Editorial Castalia ; Biblioteca Valenciana, 2006)

Manning, Patrick, The African diaspora : a history through culture, Columbia Studies in International and Global History (Columbia University Press, 2010)

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4. Nations (second half of semester 2)

Nationalism and national identity in the modern world 

Primary sources

Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes, 'What is the Third Estate?', in Michael Sonescher, Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes: Political Writings (Hackett, 2003).   OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 27/11/2020)  

Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Addresses to the German Nation, edited with an introduction and notes by Gregory Moore (Cambridge, 2008).

Ernest Renan, Qu'est-ce qu'une nation (1882). English translation: "What is a nation? " trans. by Martin Thom, in Homi K. Bhabha Nation and narration (London: 1990), pp. 8-22.   

Giuseppi Mazzini, 'On the Duties of Man', in Stefan Recchia and Nadia Urbinati (eds), A Cosmopolitan of Nations: Giuseppi Mazzini's Writings on Democracy, Nation Building and Internalional Relations (Pinceton United Press, 2009), pp. 80-108.    

J.S. Mill, 'Nationality', in S.J Woof, Nationalism in Europe, 1815 to the Present: A Reader (1996)    

Omar Dahbour and Micheline R. Ishay (eds), The Nationalism Reader (1995) [with texts by a wide range of nineteenth century authors] 

Secondary sources

Connor, Walker, When is a Nation? ("From Tribe to Nation"), in Walker Connor, Ethnonationalism : the quest for understanding (Princeton, 1994), pp. 210-26. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva   

Anthony D. Smith, National identity (Cambridge, 2001).

Peter Alter, Nationalism, 2nd edn, (London, 1994).

Anderson, Benedict, Imagined communities: reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism, Second Edition (London/New York, 1991), chapter 1.   

Hobsbawm, E.J. and Ranger, T., The Invention of Tradition (Cambridge University, 1977), chapter 1.   

Thomas Nipperdey. "In Search of Identity: Romantic Nationalism", in J.C. Eade (ed.), Romantic Nationalism in Europe (Canberra, 1983).   

Nationalism and national identity in Europe 1789-1914: general studies

Mark Hewitson and Timothy Baycroft (eds), What is a nation? : Europe 1789-1914 (Oxford, 2004).

Stefan Berger, "National Movements", in Stefan Berger (ed), A companion to nineteenth-century Europe, 1789-1914 (Oxford, 2006), pp. 178-192.    

Joost Augusteijn and Eric Storm (eds), Region and state in nineteenth-century Europe : nation-building, regional identities and separatism (Basingstoke, 2012).

U.V. Hirshausen and L. Leonard, Nationalism in Europe (Gottingen, 2001).

M. Teich and R. Porter (eds), The National Question in Europe in Historical Context (Cambridge, 1993).

Individual Countries


Brian Jenkins, Nationalism in France : class and nation since 1789 (London: 1990).

Ernest Renan, Qu'est-ce qu'une nation (1882). English translation: "What is a nation? " trans. by Martin Thom, in Homi K. Bhabha , Nation and narration (London: 1990), pp. 8-22. 

Willam H. Sewell, 'The French Revolution and the Emergence of the National Form", in Michael A. Morrison and Melinda S. Zook (eds), Revolutionary Currents: Nation Building in the Transatlantic World, 1688-1821 (Lanham, 2004), pp. 91-125.   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Brian Sudlow (ed.), National identities in France (London: 2012).

Robert Tombs France 1814-1914 (London, 1996).

Eugen Weber, Peasants into Frenchmen: The Modernization of Rural France (Stanford, 1976).


Adrian Shubert, A Social History of Modern Spain (London, 1990).

Clare Mar-Molinero and Angel Smith (eds), Nationalism and the nation in the Iberian Peninsula : competing and conflicting identities (Oxford, 1996), chs, 1, 5, 6. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  

José Alvarez Junco, Spanish identity in the age of nations (Manchester, 2011).

Stephen Jacobson, "Spain: the Iberian Mosaic", in Mark Hewitson and Timothy Baycroft (eds),What is a nation? : Europe 1789-1914 (Oxford, 2006), pp. 210-27.   

Juan Pablo Fusi, ˜Centre and periphery 1900-1936: national integration and regional nationalism reconsidered", in, Preston and F. Lannon (eds.), Elites and power in twentieth-century Spain : essays in honour of Sir Raymond Carr (Oxford, 1989). Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva{{   

Marí­a Mar Pozo,, and J.F.A. Braster, ˜The Re-Birth of the Spanish Race: State, Nationalism and Education in Spain, 1875-1931", European history quarterly., vol.29, no.1, 1999.

Joan-Lluí­s Marfany, ˜Catalonia and Spain", in Isabel Burdiel and James Casey (eds), Identities : nations, provinces and regions, 1550-1900 : proceedings of the III Anglo-Spanish Historical Studies Seminar held at the University of East Anglia, 25-26 October 1996 (Norwich, 1999), pp. 121-132 in OCR Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  

Stanley Payne, ˜Catalan and Basque nationalism", Journal of contemporary history., vol. 6, no. 1 (1971).

Daniel Conversi, ˜Language or race? The choice of core values in the development of Catalan and Basque nationalisms", Ethnic and racial studies., no. 13 (1990). - Available online:   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Josep Llobera, ˜The idea of Volksgeist in the formation of Catalan nationalist ideology", Ethnic and racial studies., vol. 6, no. 3 (1983). Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva{{ }  

Marianne Heiberg, The making of the Basque nation (Cambridge, 1979), Part One.

Borja de Riquer, ˜La crisis del '98 y la irrupción del catalanismo en la política espanola", in Borja de Riquer, Escolta, Espanya : la cuestión catalana en la época liberal, pp. 185-203. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  

Angel Smith, The origins of Catalan nationalism, 1770-1898 (Basingstoke: 2014).


David Blackbourn, The Long Nineteenth Century: A History of Germany (Oxford, 1998).

Stefan Berger, Germany: Inventing the Nation (London, 2004).

John Breuilly, The formation of the first German nation-state, 1800-1871 (London, 1996)

Abigail Green, Fatherlands : state-building and nationhood in nineteenth-century Germany(Cambridge, 2001).

James Harold, A German identity : 1770 to the present day, rev. ed (London, 1990).

Mark Hewitson, Nationalism in Germany, 1848-1866 : revolutionary nation (Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2010).


Martin Clark, Modern Italy 1871-1995. 2nd ed. (London, 1995).

Adrian Lyttleton, "Creating the National Past. History, Myth and Image in the Risorgimento", in Alberto Russell Ascoli and Krysyna von Henneberg (eds), Making and Remaking Italy (Oxford, 2002)   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Lucy Riall, The Italian Risorgimento : state, society and national unification (London, 1994).

Lucy Riall, Risorgimento : the history of Italy from Napoleon to nation state (Basingstoke, 2009).

Albert Russell Ascoli and Krystyna von Henneberrg, Making and remaking Italy : the cultivation of national identity around the Risorgimento (Oxford, 2001).

Eugenio D.Biagini and Derek Beales (eds), The Risorgimento and the Unification of Italy (London, 2002).

Derek Beales and Eugenio Biagini (eds), The Risorgimento and the Unification of Italy, 2nd ed (Harlow: Longman, 2002).

Martin Clark, The Italian Risorgimento (London, 1998).

John A, Davis (ed), Italy in the nineteenth century : 1796-1900 (Oxford, 2000).

Silvana Patriarca and Lucy Riall (eds), The Risorgimento revisited : nationalism and culture in nineteenth-century Italy (Basingstoke, 2012).

Nation-building in Japan

**Doak, Kevin (2004) A history of nationalism in modern Japan : placing the people, Leiden: Brill;

McCormack, Gavan (2000) ˜Nationalism and Identity in Post-Cold War Japan", Pacifica review.: Peace, Security & Global Change, 12:3, pp.247-63;

**Mochizuki, Mike M. & Samuel Parkinson Porter (2013) "Japan under Abe: toward Moderation or Nationalism?", The Washington quarterly., 36:4, pp.25-41;

Pyle, Kenneth B. ˜The Future of Japanese Nationality: An Essay in Contemporary History", The journal of Japanese studies., 8:2 (Summer 1982), pp.223-63;

*Shimazu, Naoko (2006) Nationalisms in Japan, London: Routledge;

Suzuki, Shogo (2015) "The rise of the Chinese “Other” in Japan's construction of identity: Is China a focal point of Japanese nationalism?", The Pacific review., 28:1, pp.95-116;

Wilson, Sandra (2002) Nation and nationalism in Japan in Japan, London: Routledge.

This list was last updated on 21/11/2021