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Module Reading List

Water Science & Management, 2021/22, Semester 1, 2
Dr Gordon Mitchell
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

* = recommended reading

General texts

Allan, D.J & Castillo, M. (2007). Stream ecology: structure and function of running waters. Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands. 436p.

Butler, D. and Davies, J.W. (2000). Urban Drainage. Spon Press, Taylor and Francis, London.

Gordon, N.D. et al. (2004). Stream Hydrology: an introduction for ecologists. Wiley, Chichester. ISBN 0470843586 429 pages

Holden, J. (ed) (2013). Water resources. Taylor & Francis

Mason, C. 2002. Biology of Freshwater Pollution. Pearson.

Novotny, V. (2003). Water quality : diffuse pollution and watershed management. J. Wiley, New York. 2nd ed.

Shaw, E.M. Bevan, K.J., Chappell, N.A., Lamb, R. (2010) Hydrology in practice, 4th edition. CRC Press.

Wetzel, R.G. (2001). Limnology : lake and river ecosystems. Academic Press

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Water in a Changing World 

Allan, J.A. 2003. Virtual Water - the Water, Food, and Trade Nexus. Useful Concept or Misleading Metaphor? Water International 28: 4-11

Arnell, N. 1999. Climate change and global water resources. Global environmental change : human and policy dimensions. 9: S31-S49.

Arthurton, R., Barker, S., Rast, W. & Huber, M. 2007. Chapter 4: Water in Global Environmental Outlook 4. United Nations Environment Programme. Available online:

Barbour, M.T., J. Gerritsen, B.D. Snyder, and J.B. Stribling. 1999. Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Wadeable Rivers: Periphyton, Benthic Macroinvertebrates and Fish, Second Edition. EPA,. Document No. 841-B-99-002.

Chave, P. 2001. The Water Framework Directive: An introduction. IWA Publishing Davie, T. 2008. Chapter 8: Water resource management in a changing world. In: Fundamentals of Hydrology. Routledge. p151-174 

DEFRA. 2008. Future Water – The Government’s Water Strategy for England. Available online Environment Agency. 2005. Water for life and livelihoods: A framework for river basin planning. Env. Agency. 12p. Available online:

Environment Agency. 2008. Water resources in England and Wales. Current status and future pressures. Available online:

Furse, M. et al. 2006. The STAR project: context, objectives and approaches. Hydrobiologia 566: 3-29. Hatton-Ellis, T. 2008. The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Water Framework Directive. Aquatic conservation : marine and freshwater ecosystems. 18: 111–116

* Holzwarth, F. 2002. The EU Water Framework Directive – a key to catchment-based governance. Water science and technology. 45 (8): 105–112

H.M.Government (2008) Future Water. The Government’s water strategy for England.

H.M.Government (2017). Water abstraction plan 2017.

Klaar, M., Dunbar, M., Warren, M and Soley, R., 2014. Developing hydroecological models to inform environmental flow standards: a case study from England. Wiley interdisciplinary reviews. Water. 1(2):207-217.

* Logan, P. & Furse, M. 2002. Preparing for the European Water Framework Directive: making the links between habitat and aquatic biota. Aquatic conservation : marine and freshwater ecosystems. 12: 425–437

** Moss, B. 2008. The Water Framework Directive: Total environment or political compromise? The science of the total environment. 400: 32-141

Nilsson, S. Langaas, S. & Hannerz, F. 2004. International River Basin Districts under the EU Water Framework Directive: Identification and Planned Cooperation. European Water Management Online. -

Pearce, F. 2006. Earth: the parched planet. New scientist., 25th Feb. 2006.

* Pollard, P. & Huxham, M. 1998. The European Water Framework Directive: A new era in the management of aquatic ecosystem health? Aquatic conservation : marine and freshwater ecosystems. 8: 773-792

Vörösmarty, C. J., McIntyre, P.B. Gessner, M.O., Dudgeon, D., Prusevich, A., Green, P., Glidden, S., Bunn, S.E., Sullivan, C.A., Liermann, C.R. & Davies, P.M. 2010. Global threats to human water security and river biodiversity. Nature. 467, 555-561

* Wescoat, J.L. & White, G.F. (2003) Water for life : water management and environmental policy. Cambridge University Press. Chapters 1-3

Wescoat, J.L. & White, G.F. Water for life : water management and environmental policy: Chapter 12 – Integrative Approaches. Cambridge University Press. p236-261

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River basin hydrological processes 


Beckinsale (1969) River Regimes. In. Chorley, R.J. (Ed.) Water, earth and man : a synthesis of hydrology, geomorphology and socio-economic geography. P 455-471. London: Meuthen    Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 


Bower D, Hannah DM. 2002. Spatial and temporal variability of UK river flow regimes. In FRIEND 2002—Regional Hydrology: Bridging the Gap between Research and Practice (Proceedings of Cape Town Conference). IAHS Publication 274, International Association & Hydrological Sciences: Wallingford; 457–464.

Bower, D., Hannah, D. M. and McGregor, G. R. 2004. Techniques for assessing the climatic sensitivity of river flow regimes. Hydrological processes.., 18: 2515–2543. doi: 10.1002/hyp.1479

Elbourne, N., Hammond, D., Mant, J. 2013 Weir removal, lowering and modification: A review of best practice Report: SC070024. Environment Agency

Gleick, P. H. 1996. Basic water requirements for Human activities: Meeting Basic Needs. Water International 21, 83-92

Graf, W.L. 2006. Downstream hydrologic and geomorphic effects of large dams on American rivers. Geomorphology. 79, 336-360

Grayson, R., Holden, J. & Rose, R. 2010. Long-term change in storm hydrographs in response to peatland vegetation change. Journal of Hydrology. 389: 336-343

Haines, A.T., Finlayson, B.L., McMahon, T.A. 1988. A global classification of river regimes. Applied geography. 8, 255-272

Holden, J., 2005. Peatland hydrology and carbon release: why small-scale process matters. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. A, Mathematical, physical and engineering sciences., 363(1837), 2891-2913.

Holden, J., Shotbolt, L., Bonn, A., Burt, T.P., Chapman, P.J., Dougill, A.J., Fraser, E.D.G., Hubacek, K., Irvine, B., Kirkby, M.J., Reed, M.S., Prell, C., Stagl, S., Stringer, L.C., Turner, A., Worrall, F., 2007. Environmental change in moorland landscapes. Earth Science Reviews., 82(1-2), 75-100.

Jenkinson, A. F. and Collison, F. P. 1977, An initial climatology of gales over the North Sea. Synoptic Climatology Branch Memorandum No. 62, Meteorological Office, Bracknell [Not held at Leeds University Library] OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (HT 11/08/2020) 

Lytle, D.A. & Poff, N.L. 2002. Adaptation to natural flow regimes. Trends in ecology & evolution. 19. p94-100.

Nilsson, C. Reidy, C.A., Dynesius, M., Revenga, C. (2005) Fragmentation and Flow Regulation of the World's Large River Systems DOI: 10.1126/science.1107887 Available at

Olden, J. D., Kennard, M. J. and Pusey, B. J. (2012), A framework for hydrologic classification with a review of methodologies and applications in ecohydrology. Ecohydrol., 5: 503–518. doi:10.1002/eco.251 Available at

Turnpenny, A.W.H., Lawton, K. and Clough, S.C. 2002 Fish passages at flow gauging stations in England and Wales. Stage 1: Literature review and regional survey. Environment Agency R&D Technical Report W6-029/TR1

Ward, J. V. and Stanford, J. A. 1995. Ecological connectivity in alluvial river ecosystems and its disruption by flow regulation. Regulated rivers : research and management.., 11: 105–119. doi: 10.1002/rrr.3450110109

Ward, J.V., Stanford, J.A. 1983. The serial discontinuity concept of lotic ecosystems. In: Fontaine, T. D. & Bartell, S. M. (eds.) Dynamics of lotic ecosystems: P 29–42. Ann Arbor Science Publ., Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Watts, C.D., Naden, P.S., Machell, J., Banks, J., 2001. Long term variation in water colour from Yorkshire catchments. The science of the total environment. 278(1-3), 57-72.

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Extreme events

Bakker, K., 1999. Deconstructing discourses of drought. Transactions, 24(3), 367-372.

Bakker, K.J., 2000. Privatizing water, producing scarcity: The Yorkshire drought of 1995. Economic geography., 76(1), 4-27.

Bayliss, A.C. & Reed, D.W. 2001. The use of historical data in flood frequency estimation, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (NERC), Wallingford.

Blöschl, G., et al. 2017. Changing climate shifts timing of European floods. Science. 357(6351), 588-590 Available at

Feyen, L., R. Dankers, K. Bódis, P. Salamon, J.I. Barredo, 2011. Fluvial flood risk in Europe in present and future climates, Climatic Change. DOI 10.1007/s10584-011-0339-7

Goklany, I.M. 2007. Death and Death Rates Due to Extreme Weather Events Global and U.S. Trends, 1900–2006. International Policy Network, London.

Gordon, N.D. et al. 2004. Stream Hydrology: an introduction for ecologists. Wiley, Chichester. ISBN 0470843586 429 pages

Haughton, G., 1998. Private profits - public drought: the creation of a crisis in water management for West Yorkshire. Transactions, 23(4), 419-433.

* Huntington, T.G. 2006. Evidence for intensification of the global water cycle: Review and synthesis. Journal of Hydrology. 319: 83–95

Jentsch, A. & Beierkuhnlein, C. 2008. Research frontiers in climate change: Effects of extreme meteorological events on ecosystems. Comptes rendus geoscience. 340: 621-628

Jones, N. 2013. Arctic melt leads to weather extremes. Nature climate change 2: 221

* Jongman, B. Ward, P.J., Aerts, J.C.J.H. 2012. Global exposure to river and coastal flooding: Long term trends and changes. Global environmental change : human and policy dimensions. 22: 823–835

Kjeldsen T.R. 2007 The revitalised FSR/FEH rainfall-runoff method. Flood Estimation Handbook Supplementary Report No. 1, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Wallingford, 2007.

Kjeldsen T.R., Jones D.A. & Bayliss A. 2008 Improving the FEH statistical procedures for flood frequency estimation. Final research report to the Environment Agency, R&D project SC050050, CEH Wallingford, 2008.

Kjeldsen, T. R., Jones, D. A. & Morris, D. G. 2014. Using multiple donor sites for enhanced flood estimation in ungauged catchments. Water Resources Research, 50, 6646-6657.

Kjeldsen, T. R., Macdonald, N., Lang, M., Mediero, L., Albuquerque, T., Bogdanowicz, E., Brazdil, R., Castellarin, A., David, V., Fleig, A., Gul, G. O., Kriauciuniene, J., Kohnova, S., Merz, B., Nicholson, O., Roald, L. A., Salinas, J. L., Sarauskiene, D., Sraj, M., Strupczewski, W., Szolgay, J., Toumazis, A., Vanneuville, W., Veijalainen, N. and Wilson, D., 2014. Documentary evidence of past floods in Europe and their utility in flood frequency estimation. Journal of Hydrology., 517, pp. 963-973.

Kjeldsen, T. R., Miller,  J. D., Packman,J. C. 2013 Modelling design flood hydrographs in catchments with mixed urban and rural land cover. Hydrology Research 1 December 2013; 44 (6): 1040–1057. doi:

Lane, S. 2003. More floods, less rain? Changing hydrology in a Yorkshire context. In Atherden, M., 2003, (Ed.) Global Warming in a Yorkshire Context – see pdf in VLE lecture folder

Leblanc, M., Tweed, S., Van Dijk, A.Timbal, B., 2012. A review of historic and future hydrological changes in the Murray-Darling Basin. Global and planetary change. 80–81, 226-246.

Macdonald, N. Black, N.R. & Werritty, A. 2003. Historical and pooled flood frequency analysis for the River Ouse, York, UK. In: V.R.Thorndycraft, G. Benito, M. Barriendos and M.C. Llasat. Palaeofloods, Historical Floods and Climatic Variability: Applications in Flood Risk Assessment (Proceedings of the PHEFRA Workshop, Barcelona, 16-19th October, 2002). p217-222.

Min, S.K., Zhang, X., Zwiers, F.W. & Hegerl, G.C. 2010. Human contribution to more-intense precipitation extremes. Nature. 470: 378-381

Milly, P.C.D., Dunne, K.A., Vecchia, A.V. 2005. Global pattern of trends in streamflow and water availability in a changing climate. Nature. 438: 347–350.

Mosley, M.P. 2000. Regional Differences in the Effects of El Niño and La Niña on Low Flows and Floods. Hydrological sciences journal = Journal des sciences hydrologiques. 45: 249-267.

Pall, P., Aina, T., Stone, D.A., Stott, P.A., Nozawu, T., Hilberts, A.G.J.,Lohmann, D. & Allen, M.R. 2010. Anthropogenic greenhouse gas contribution to flood risk in England and Wales in autumn 2000. Nature. 470: 382-386

Parkes, B., Demeritt, D., 2016. Defining the hundred year flood: A Bayesian approach for using historic data to reduce uncertainty in flood frequency estimates. Journal of Hydrology., 540, 1189-1208.

* Pielke, R.A. & Downton, M.W. 2000. Precipitation and Damaging Floods: Trends in the United States, 1932–97. Journal of climate. 13: 3625-3637

Pitt, M. 2007. The Pitt Review - Learning Lessons from the 2007 floods. Cabinet Office, London. Available online:

Reed, D. (1999) Flood estimation handbook.. Institute of Hydrology, Wallingford.  

Rockstrom, J., Falkenmark, M., Allan, T., Folke, C., Gordon, L., Jagerskog, A., Kummu, M., Lannerstad, M., Meybeck, M., Molden, D., Postel, S., Savenije, H. H. G., Svedin, U., Turton, A., Varis, O. 2014. The unfolding water drama in the Anthropocene: towards a resilience-based perspective on water for global sustainability. Ecohydrology, 7, 1249-12

Rojas, R., Feyen, L., Watkiss, P. 2013. Climate change and river floods in the European Union: Socio-economic consequences and the costs and benefits of adaptation, In Global environmental change, 23(6), 1737-1751 Available at  

Shiferaw, B., Tesfaye, K., Kassie, M., Abate, T., Prasanna, B.M.Menkir, A., 2014. Managing vulnerability to drought and enhancing livelihood resilience in sub-Saharan Africa: Technological, institutional and policy options. Weather and Climate Extremes 3, 67-79.

Smakhtin, V.U. 2001. Low flow hydrology: a review. Journal of Hydrology. 240: 147-186

* Stephenson, D. 2003. Water resources management. Chapter 3: Drought Management and Chapter 4: Flood Management. Balkema Publishers. p41-88 

Svensson, C., & Jones, D. (2010). Review of rainfall frequency estimation methods. Journal of Flood Risk Management3(4), 296–313.

Thornton, P.K., et al., 2006. Mapping climate vulnerability and poverty in Africa. Report to Department for International Development, ILRI, Nairobi, Kenya, 171 pp. Available online: sequence=1

Wilhite, D.A., Sivakumar, M.V.K.Pulwarty, R., 2014. Managing drought risk in a changing climate: The role of national drought policy. Weather and Climate Extremes 3, 4-13.

Ward, P.J., Jongman, B., Weiland, S.P., Bouwman, A., van Beek, R., Bierkens, M.F.P., Ligtvoet, W., Winsemius, H.C., 2013. Assessing flood risk at the global scale: model setup, results, and sensitivity. Environmental research letters 8, 044019.

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Human Impacts on Water Quality


Arnell, N. (2002). Hydrology and global environmental change. Pearson Prentice-Hall, Harlow.

Campbell, N., D'Arcy, B., Frost, A., Novotny, V. and Sansom, A. (2005). Diffuse pollution : an introduction to the problems and solutions. IWA Publishing, London.

Chapman, D. (ed.). (1996). Water quality assessments : a guide to the use of biota, sediments and water in environmental monitoring. Spon, London.

Davie, T. (2008). Fundamentals of Hydrology. Routledge, London.

Holden, J. (2014). Water resources : an integrated approach. Routledge, Oxon. Chapter 4.

Lawson, E.A. (2000). Aquatic pollution: An introductory text. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester.

Newson, M.D. (1997). Land, Water and Development. Routledge, London.

Novotny, V. (2002). Water quality : diffuse pollution and watershed management (2nd edition). John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Wescoat, J.L. and White, G.F. (2003) Water for life : water management and environmental policy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Urban and SUDS

Ashley, R.M., Gersonius, B., Digman, C., Horton, B., Bacchin, T., Smith, B., Shaffer, P. and Baylis, A., 2018. Demonstrating and monetizing the multiple benefits from using SuDS. Journal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment4(2), p.05017008.

Charbeneau, R.J., Barrett, M.E., 1998. Evaluation of methods for estimating stormwater pollutant loads. Water Environment Research 70 (7), 1295–1302.

CIRIA (2015) The Suds manual. C753F. Free download at

Davis, A.P., Shokouhian,M. and Ni, S. (2001). Loading estimates of lead, copper, cadmium, and zinc in urban runoff from specific sources. Chemosphere, 44(5), 997-1009.

Davies, P.J., Wright, I.A., Findlay, S.J., Jonasson, O.J. and Burgin, S. (2010). Impact of urban development on aquatic macroinvertebrates in south eastern Australia: degradation of in-stream habitats and comparison with non-urban streams. Aquatic Ecology., 44(4), 685-700.

Dierkes, C., Lucke, T. and Helmreich, B., 2015. General technical approvals for decentralised sustainable urban drainage systems (SUDS)—The current situation in Germany. Sustainability7(3), pp.3031-3051.

Ellis, J.B and Mitchell, G. (2006) Urban Diffuse Pollution: Key Management Issues for the Water Framework Directive.  Water and environment journal., 20, 19-26.

Ellis, J.B. and Revitt, D.M. (2010). The management of urban surface water drainage in England and Wales. Water and environment journal., 24(1), 1-8.


Gimenez-Maranges, M., Breuste, J. and Hof, A., 2020. Sustainable Drainage Systems for transitioning to sustainable urban flood management in the European Union: A review. Journal of Cleaner Production255, p.120191.

Gromaire-Mertz, M.C., Garnaud, S., Gonzalez, A. and Chebbo, G. (1999). Water science and technology., 39(2), 1-8.

Jiménez Ariza, S.L.; Martínez, J.A.; Muñoz, A.F.; Quijano, J.P.; Rodríguez, J.P.; Camacho, L.A.; Díaz-Granados, M. A Multicriteria Planning Framework to Locate and Select Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS) in Consolidated Urban Areas. Sustainability 201911, 2312.

Johnson, R.C., Jin, H.-S., Carreiro, M.M. and Jack, J.D. (2013). Macroinvertebrate community structure, secondary production and trophic-level dynamics in urban streams affected by non-point-source pollution. Freshwater biology. 58(5), 843–857.

Mitchell, G. (2005).Mapping Hazard from Urban Non-Point Source Pollution: A Screening Model to Support Sustainable Urban Drainage Planning. Journal of Environmental Management, 74, 1-9

Mulliss, R.M., Revitt, D.M. and Shutes, R.B. (1996). The impacts of urban discharges on the hydrology and water quality of an urban watercourse. The science of the total environment., 189–190(28), 385-390.

Revitt, D.M., Shutes, R.B.E., Jones, R.H., Forshaw, M. and Winter, B. (2004). The performances of vegetative treatment systems for highway runoff during dry and wet conditions. The science of the total environment., 334–335, 261-270.

Rule, K.L., Comber, S., Ross, D., Thornton, A., Makropoulos, C.K. and Rautiu, R. (2006a). Diffuse sources of heavy metals entering an urban wastewater catchment. Chemosphere., 63(1), 64-72.

Rule, K.L., Comber, S., Ross, D., Thornton, A., Makropoulos, C.K. and Rautiu, R. (2006b). Sources of priority substances entering an urban wastewater catchment - trace organic chemicals. Chemosphere., 63(4), 581-591.

Teurlincx, S., Kuiper, J.J., Hoevenaar, E.C., Lurling, M., Brederveld, R.J., Veraart, A.J., Janssen, A.B., Mooij, W.M. and de Senerpont Domis, L.N., 2019. Towards restoring urban waters: understanding the main pressures. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability36, pp.49-58.

Zhanga, K., Lianga, B., Wanga, J.-Z., Guanb, Y.-F. and Zeng, E.Y. (2012). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in upstream riverine runoff of the Pearl River Delta, China: An assessment of regional input sources. Environmental pollution., 167, 78-84.

Zhou, Q., 2014. A review of sustainable urban drainage systems considering the climate change and urbanization impacts. Water, 6(4), pp.976-992


Kay, P. and Grayson, R. (in press). Using water industry data to assess the metaldehyde pollution problem. Water and environment journal. .

Kay, P., Grayson, R. Phillips, M., Stanley, K., Dodsworth, A., Hanson, A., Walker, A., Foulger, M., McDonnell, I. and Taylor, S. (2012) The effectiveness of agricultural stewardship for improving water quality at the catchment scale: Experiences from an NVZ and ECSFDI watershed, Journal of Hydrology. , 422-423, 10-16.

Kay, P., Edwards, A.C. and Foulger, M. (2009). A review of the efficacy of contemporary agricultural stewardship measures for addressing water pollution problems of key concern to the UK water industry. Agricultural systems., 99, 67-75.

Edwards, A.C. and Withers, P.J.A., 2008. Transport and delivery of suspended solids, nitrogen and phosphorus from various sources to freshwaters in the UK. Journal of Hydrology., 350(3-4), 144-153.  

Heathwaite, A.L., Johnes, P.J. and Peters, N.E., 1996. Trends in nutrients. Hydrological processes., 10(2), 263-293.

Hooda, P.S., Moynagh, M., Svoboda, I.F., Edwards, A.C., Anderson, H.A. and Sym, G., 1999. Phosphorus loss in drainflow from intensively managed grassland soils. Journal of environmental quality., 28, 1235-1242.

Jarvie, H.P., Withers, P.J.A., Hodgkinson, R., Bates, A., Neal, M., Wickham, H.D., Harman, S.A. and Armstrong, L., 2007. Influence of rural land use on streamwater nutrients and their ecological significance. Journal of Hydrology., 350 (3-4), 166-186. 

Haygarth, P.M. and Jarvis, S.C. (eds.). (2002) Agriculture, hydrology, and water quality. Cabi, Wallingford, UK.

MacDonald, A.M., Edwards, A.C., Pugh, K.B. and Balls, P.W., 1994. Soluble nitrogen and phosphorus in the River Ythan system: annual and seasonal trends. Water research.29, 837–846.

Neal, C., Jarvie, H.P., Neal, M., Hill, L. and Wickham H., 2006. Nitrate concentrations in river waters of the upper Thames and its tributaries. The science of the total environment., 365, 1-3, 15-32.

Pretty, J.N., Brett, C., Gee, D., Hine, R.E., Mason, C.F., Morison, J.I.L., Raven, H., Rayment, M.D. and van der Bijl, G., 2000. An assessment of the total external costs of UK agriculture. Agricultural systems., 65(2), 113-136. 

Skinner, J.A., Lewis, K.A., Bardon, K.S., Tucker, P., Catt, J.A. and Chambers, B.J., 1997. An Overview of the Environmental Impact of Agriculture in the U.K. Journal of Environmental Management, 50(2), 111-128.

Withers, P.J.A. and Lord, E.I., 2002. Agricultural nutrient inputs to rivers and groundwaters in the UK: policy, environmental management and research needs. The science of the total environment., 282, 9-24.

Withers, P.J.A., Ulén, B., Stamm, C and Bechmann, M., 2003. Incidental phosphorus losses - are they significant and can they be predicted? Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science166(4), 459 – 468.

Withers, P.J.A., Hodgkinson, R.A., Bates, A. and Withers, C.M., 2006. Some effects of tramlines on surface runoff, sediment and phosphorus mobilization on an erosion-prone soil. Soil use and management.22(3), 245 – 255.

Worrall, F., Spencer, E. and Burt, T.P., 2009. The effectiveness of nitrate vulnerable zones for limiting surface water nitrate concentrations. Journal of Hydrology., 370(1-4), 21-28.


Calder, I.R. (2002). Forests and hydrological services: reconciling public and science perceptions. Land Use and Water Resources Research 2, 2.1-2.12. Available Online at:

Dunford, R.W., Donoghue, D.N.M. and Burt, T.P. (2012). Forest land cover continues to exacerbate freshwater acidification despite decline in sulphate emissions. Environmental pollution., 167, 58-69.

C. Neal, Ormerod, S.J., Langan, S.J., Nisbet, T.R. and Roberts, J.D. (2004). Sustainability of UK forestry: contemporary issues for the protection of freshwaters, a conclusion. Hydrology and earth systems sciences, 8(3), 589–595.

C. Neal, Robinson, M., Reynolds, B., Neal, M., Rowland, P., Grant, S., Norris, D., Williams, B., Sleep, D. and Lawlor, A. (2010). Hydrology and water quality of the headwaters of the River Severn: stream acidity recovery and interactions with plantation forestry under an improving pollution climate. The science of the total environment., 408, 5035–5051.

Neal, C., Smith, C.J. and Hill, S. (1992). Forestry Impact on Upland Water Quality. Institute of Hydrology Report 119, Institute of Hydrology, Wallingford. Available Online at:

Neal, C. and Reynolds, B. (1998). The Impact of Conifer Harvesting and Replanting on Upland Water Quality. Environment Agency R&D Technical Report P211. Environment Agency, Bristol. Available Online at:

Robinson, M., R.E. Moore, T.R. Nisbet and J.R. Blackie (1998). From Moorland to Forest: the Coalburn catchment experiment. Institute of Hydrology Report 133. Institute of Hydrology, Wallingford. Available Online at:


Battaglia, M., Hose, G.C., Turak, E. and Warden, B. (2005). Depauperate macroinvertebrates in a mine afrfected stream: Clean water may be the key to recovery. Environmental pollution., 138, 132-141. 

Batty, L.C., Atkin, L. and Manning, D.A.C. (2005). Assessment of the ecological potential of mine-water treatment wetlands using a baseline survey of macroinvertebrate communities. Environmental pollution., 138, 412-419. 

Chadwick, J.W., Canton, S.P. and Dent, R.L. (1986). Recovery of benthic invertebrate communities in Silver Bow Creek, Montana, following improved metal mine wastewater treatment. Water, air, & soil pollution., 28, 427-438.

DeNicola, D.M. and Stapleton, M.G. (2002). Impact of acid mine drainage on benthic communities in streams: the relative roles of substratum vs. aqueous effects. Environmental pollution., 119, 303-315.

Gray N.F. (1997). Environmental impact and remediation of acid mine drainage: a management problem. Environmental geology., 30, 62-71. 

Gray, N.F. (1998). Acid mine drainage composition and the implications for its impact on lotic systems. Water research., 32, 2122-2134.

Jarvis, A.P. and Younger, P.L. (1997). Dominating chemical factors in mine water induced impoverishment of the invertebrate fauna of two streams in the Durham coalfield, UK. Chemistry and Ecology, 13, 249-270. 

Kalin, M. (2004). Passive mine water treatment: The correct approach? Ecological engineering., 22, 299-304.

Webb, J.S. McGuiness, S. and Lappinn-Scott, H.M. (1998). Metal removal by sulphate-reducing bacteria from natural and constructed wetlands. Journal of Applied Microbiology. 84, 240-248.

Younger, P.L. (1997). The longevity of minewater pollution: a basis for decision making. The science of the total environment., 194/195, 457-466. 

 Younger, P.L. (2000). Holistic remedial strategies for short- and long-term water pollution from abandoned mines, Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy., 109, 210-218.

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Emerging contaminants

Chemical analysis

Ferrer, I., Zweigenbaum, J. A., & Thurman, E. M. (2010). Analysis of 70 Environmental Protection Agency priority pharmaceuticals in water by EPA Method 1694. Journal of chromatography A., 1217(36), 5674-5686.

García-Galán, M. J., Garrido, T., Fraile, J., Ginebreda, A., Díaz-Cruz, M. S., & Barceló, D. (2011). Application of fully automated online solid phase extraction-liquid chromatography-electrospray-tandem mass spectrometry for the determination of sulfonamides and their acetylated metabolites in groundwater. Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry., 399(2), 795-806.

López-Serna, R., Pérez, S., Ginebreda, A., Petrović, M., & Barceló, D. (2010). Fully automated determination of 74 pharmaceuticals in environmental and waste waters by online solid phase extraction–liquid chromatography-electrospray–tandem mass spectrometry. Talanta., 83(2), 410-424.

Petrovic, M., Farré, M., De Alda, M. L., Perez, S., Postigo, C., Köck, M., ... & Barcelo, D. (2010). Recent trends in the liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry analysis of organic contaminants in environmental samples. Journal of chromatography A., 1217(25), 4004-4017.

Pharmaceuticals and personal care products

Barnes, K. K., Kolpin, D. W., Furlong, E. T., Zaugg, S. D., Meyer, M. T., & Barber, L. B. (2008). A national reconnaissance of pharmaceuticals and other organic wastewater contaminants in the United States—I) Groundwater. The science of the total environment., 402(2), 192-200.

Focazio, M. J., Kolpin, D. W., Barnes, K. K., Furlong, E. T., Meyer, M. T., Zaugg, S. D., ... & Thurman, M. E. (2008). A national reconnaissance for pharmaceuticals and other organic wastewater contaminants in the United States—II) Untreated drinking water sources. The science of the total environment, 402(2), 201-216.

Hughes, S. R., Kay, P., & Brown, L. E. (2012). Global synthesis and critical evaluation of pharmaceutical data sets collected from river systems. Environmental science and technology., 47(2), 661-677.

Kasprzyk-Hordern, B., Dinsdale, R. M., & Guwy, A. J. (2008). The occurrence of pharmaceuticals, personal care products, endocrine disruptors and illicit drugs in surface water in South Wales, UK. Water research., 42(13), 3498-3518.

Kasprzyk-Hordern, B., Dinsdale, R. M., & Guwy, A. J. (2009). The removal of pharmaceuticals, personal care products, endocrine disruptors and illicit drugs during wastewater treatment and its impact on the quality of receiving waters. Water research., 43(2), 363-380.

Kolpin, D. W., Furlong, E. T., Meyer, M. T., Thurman, E. M., Zaugg, S. D., Barber, L. B., Buxton, H. T. (2002). Pharmaceuticals, hormones, and other organic wastewater contaminants in US streams, 1999-2000: A national reconnaissance. Environmental science and technology., 36, (6), 1202-1211.

Kolpin, D. W., Skopec, M., Meyer, M. T., Furlong, E. T., & Zaugg, S. D. (2004). Urban contribution of pharmaceuticals and other organic wastewater contaminants to streams during differing flow conditions. The science of the total environment, 328(1), 119-130.

Postigo, C., López de Alda, M. J., & Barceló, D. (2010). Drugs of abuse and their metabolites in the Ebro River basin: occurrence in sewage and surface water, sewage treatment plants removal efficiency, and collective drug usage estimation. Environment international., 36(1), 75-84.

Schultz, M. M., Furlong, E. T., Kolpin, D. W., Werner, S. L., Schoenfuss, H. L., Barber, L. B., ... & Vajda, A. M. (2010). Antidepressant pharmaceuticals in two US effluent-impacted streams: occurrence and fate in water and sediment, and selective uptake in fish neural tissue. Environmental science and technology., 44(6), 1918-1925.

Veterinary medicines

Blackwell, P. A., Kay, P., & Boxall, A. (2007). The dissipation and transport of veterinary antibiotics in a sandy loam soil. Chemosphere., 67(2), 292-299.

Boxall, A. B. A., Fogg, L. A., Blackwell, P. A., Blackwell, P., Kay, P., Pemberton, E. J., & Croxford, A. (2004). Veterinary medicines in the environment [electronic resource]. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 180, 1-91.

Joy, S. R., Bartelt-Hunt, S. L., Snow, D. D., Gilley, J. E., Woodbury, B. L., Parker, D. B., ... & Li, X. (2013). Fate and transport of antimicrobials and antimicrobial resistance genes in soil and runoff following land application of swine manure slurry. Environmental science and technology., 47(21), 12081-12088.

Kay, P., Blackwell, P. A., & Boxall, A. (2004). Fate of veterinary antibiotics in a macroporous tile drained clay soil. Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry, 23(5), 1136-1144.

Kim, K. R., Owens, G., Kwon, S. I., So, K. H., Lee, D. B., & Ok, Y. S. (2011). Occurrence and environmental fate of veterinary antibiotics in the terrestrial environment. Water, air, & soil pollution., 214(1-4), 163-174.

Krein, A., Keßler, S., Meyer, B., Pailler, J. Y., Guignard, C., & Hoffmann, L. (2013). Concentrations and loads of dissolved xenobiotics and hormones in two small river catchments of different land use in Luxembourg. Hydrological processes., 27(2), 284-296.

Li, Y. X., Zhang, X. L., Li, W., Lu, X. F., Liu, B., & Wang, J. (2013). The residues and environmental risks of multiple veterinary antibiotics in animal faeces. Environmental monitoring and assessment., 185(3), 2211-2220.

Lim, S. J., Seo, C. K., Kim, T. H., & Myung, S. W. (2013). Occurrence and ecological hazard assessment of selected veterinary medicines in livestock wastewater treatment plants. Journal of environmental science and health. Part B., 48(8), 658-670.

Industrial chemicals

Delinsky, A. D., Strynar, M. J., McCann, P. J., Varns, J. L., McMillan, L., Nakayama, S. F., & Lindstrom, A. B. (2010). Geographical distribution of perfluorinated compounds in fish from Minnesota lakes and rivers. Environmental science and technology., 44(7), 2549-2554.

Juang, D. F., Lee, C. H., Chen, W. C., & Yuan, C. S. (2010). Do the VOCs that evaporate from a heavily polluted river threaten the health of riparian residents? . The science of the total environment, 408(20), 4524-4531.

Kameda, Y., Kimura, K., & Miyazaki, M. (2011). Occurrence and profiles of organic sun-blocking agents in surface waters and sediments in Japanese rivers and lakes. Environmental pollution., 159(6), 1570-1576.

Kang, J. H., Kim, J. C., Jin, G. Z., Park, H., Baek, S. Y., & Chang, Y. S. (2010). Detection of Dechlorane Plus in fish from urban-industrial rivers. Chemosphere., 79(8), 850-854.

Kanu, I., & Achi, O. K. (2011). Industrial effluents and their impact on water quality of receiving rivers in Nigeria. Journal of Applied Technology in Environmental Sanitation, 1(1), 75-86. Available online at:

Marvin, C., Waltho, J., Jia, J., & Burniston, D. (2013). Spatial distributions and temporal trends in polybrominated diphenyl ethers in Detroit River suspended sediments. Chemosphere., 91(6), 778-783.

Stepien, D. K., Diehl, P., Helm, J., Thoms, A., & Püttmann, W. (2014). Fate of 1, 4-dioxane in the aquatic environment: From sewage to drinking water. Water research., 48, 406-419.

Teil, M. J., Tlili, K., Blanchard, M., Chevreuil, M., Alliot, F., & Labadie, P. (2012). Occurrence of polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polychlorinated biphenyls, and phthalates in freshwater fish from the Orge River (Ile-de France). Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 63(1), 101-113.

Zhao, X., Zhang, H., Ni, Y., Lu, X., Zhang, X., Su, F., ... & Chen, J. (2011). Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in sediments of the Daliao River Estuary, China: Levels, distribution and their influencing factors. Chemosphere., 82(9), 1262-1267.


Chio, C. P., Chen, W. Y., Chou, W. C., Hsieh, N. H., Ling, M. P., & Liao, C. M. (2012). Assessing the potential risks to zebrafish posed by environmentally relevant copper and silver nanoparticles. The science of the total environment, 420, 111-118.

Das, P., Xenopoulos, M. A., Williams, C. J., Hoque, M. E., & Metcalfe, C. D. (2012). Effects of silver nanoparticles on bacterial activity in natural waters. Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry, 31(1), 122-130.

Gottschalk, F., Ort, C., Scholz, R. W., & Nowack, B. (2011). Engineered nanomaterials in rivers–exposure scenarios for Switzerland at high spatial and temporal resolution. Environmental pollution., 159(12), 3439-3445.

Johnson, A. C., Bowes, M. J., Crossley, A., Jarvie, H. P., Jurkschat, K., Jürgens, M. D., ... & Xu, N. (2011). An assessment of the fate, behaviour and environmental risk associated with sunscreen TiO< sub> 2 nanoparticles in UK field scenarios. The science of the total environment, 409(13), 2503-2510.

Kaegi, R., Voegelin, A., Sinnet, B., Zuleeg, S., Hagendorfer, H., Burkhardt, M., & Siegrist, H. (2011). Behavior of metallic silver nanoparticles in a pilot wastewater treatment plant. Environmental science and technology., 45(9), 3902-3908.

Markus, A. A., Parsons, J. R., Roex, E. W. M., Kenter, G. C. M., & Laane, R. W. P. M. (2013). Predicting the contribution of nanoparticles (Zn, Ti, Ag) to the annual metal load in the Dutch reaches of the Rhine and Meuse. The science of the total environment, 456, 154-160.

Quik, J. T., Stuart, M. C., Wouterse, M., Peijnenburg, W., Hendriks, A. J., & van de Meent, D. (2012). Natural colloids are the dominant factor in the sedimentation of nanoparticles. Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry, 31(5), 1019-1022.

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River Ecosystems

Amoros, C. 2002. Connectivity and biocomplexity in waterbodies of riverine floodplains. Freshwater biology. 47:761-776.

Dudgeon, D., Arthington, A.H., Gessner, M.O., Kawabata, Z., Knowler, D.J., Lévêque, C., Naiman, R.J., Prieur-Richard, A.H., Soto, D., Stiassny, M.L.J., Sullivan, C.A., 2006. Freshwater biodiversity: Importance, threats, status and conservation challenges. Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. 81: 163–182.

Grapes, T.R., Bradley, C., & Petts, G.E. (2005) Dynamics of river-aquifer interactions along a chalk stream: the river Lambourn, UK. Hydrological processes., 19, 2035-2053.

Gurnell, A.M., Petts, G.E., Hannah, D.M., Smith, B.P., Edwards, P.J., Kollmann, J., Ward, J.V., & Tockner, K. (2000) Wood storage within the active zone of a large European gravel-bed river. Geomorphology.., 34, 55-72.

Gurnell, A.M., Petts, G.E., Hannah, D.M., Smith, B.P.G., Edwards, P.J., Kollmann, J., Ward, J.V., & Tockner, K. (2001) Riparian vegetation and island formation along the gravel-bed Fiume Tagliamento, Italy. Earth surface processes and landforms.., 26, 31-62.

*Gurnell, A.M., Piegay, H., Swanson, F.J., & Gregory, S.V. (2002) Large wood and fluvial processes. Freshwater biology., 47, 601-619.

Heino, J., Louhi, P. & Muotka, T. 2004. Identifying the scales of variability in stream macroinvertebrate abundance, functional composition and assemblage structure. Freshwater biology. 49: 1230-1239.

Hildrew, A. 2009. Sustained research on stream communities: A model system and the comparative approach. Advances in ecological research. 41: 175-312

Junk, W.J., Bayley, P.B. and Sparks, R.E., 1989. The flood pulse concept in river-floodplain systems, p 110-127. In Dodge, D.P. (ed). Proceedings of the International Large River SymposiumCanadian journal of fisheries and aquatic sciences. 106.

Logan, P. & Furse, M. 2002. Preparing for the European Water Framework Directive: making the links between habitat and aquatic biota. Aquatic conservation : marine and freshwater ecosystems.. 12: 425–437

Malmqvist, B. 2002. Aquatic invertebrates in riverine landscapes. Freshwater biology. 47:679-694.

*Milner, A.M., Fastie, C.L., Chapin III, S., Engstrom, D.R. & Sharman, L.C. 2007. Interactions and Linkages among Ecosystems during Landscape Evolution. Bioscience. 57: 237-247.

Moss, B. 2010. Evolution and diversity of freshwater organisms. Chapter 6 in Ecology of freshwaters : a view for the twenty-first century Wiley-Blackwell. 61-88

Naiman, R.J., R.E. Bilby, and P.A. Bisson. 2000. Riparian ecology and management in the Pacific coastal rain forest. Bioscience. 50(11):996-1011

Petts, G. E., Morales, Y. & Sadler, J. 2006. Linking hydrology and biology to assess the water needs of river ecosystems. Hydrological processes.. 20: 2247-2251.

Poff, N. L. 1997. Landscape filters and species traits: towards mechanistic understanding and prediction in stream ecology. Journal of the North American Benthological Society.. 16:391-409.

*Robinson, C. T., K. Tockner, and J. V. Ward. 2002. The fauna of dynamic riverine landscapes. Freshwater biology. 47:661-677.

*Raven, P.J., Holmes, N.T.H., Vaughan, I.P., Dawson, F.H. and Scarlett, P., 2010. Benchmarking habitat quality: observations using River Habitat Survey on near-natural streams and rivers in northern and western Europe. Aquatic conservation : marine and freshwater ecosystems. 20(1): S13-S30

*Stanford, J.A. & Ward, J.V. (1988) The hyporheic habitat of river ecosystems Nature., 335, 64-66.

Vannote, R.L., Minshall, G.W., Cummins, K.W., Sedell, R. and Cushing, C.E., 1980. The river continuum concept. Canadian journal of fisheries and aquatic sciences. 37(1):130-137.

Wallace, J.B., Webster, J.R., Eggert, S.L., Meyer, J.L. and Siler, E.R. (2001) Large woody debris in a headwater stream. International review of hydrobiology.. 86. 501-513.

Ward, J. V. 1989. The four-dimensional nature of lotic ecosystems. Journal of the North American Benthological Society.. 8: 2-8.

*Ward, J. V., K. Tockner, D. B. Arscott, and C. Claret. 2002. Riverine landscape diversity. Freshwater biology. 47:517-540.

Ward, J. V., K. Tockner, and F. Schiemer. 1999. Biodiversity of floodplain river ecosystems: Ecotones and connectivity. Regulated rivers : research and management.. 15:125-139.

Ward, J. V., K. Tockner, U. Uehlinger, and F. Malard. 2001. Understanding natural patterns and processes in river corridors as the basis for effective river restoration. Regulated rivers : research and management. 17:311-323.

Wiens, J. A. 2002. Riverine landscapes: taking landscape ecology into the water. Freshwater biology. 47:501-515.

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Rivers in the Anthropocene 

Acreman, M. C., Ferguson, A. J. D. (2010), Environmental flows and the European Water Framework Directive. Freshwater biology. , 55: 32–48. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2427.2009.02181.x

Allan, J.D. 2004. Landscapes and riverscapes: The influence of land use on stream ecosystems. Annual review of ecology and systematics. 35: 257–84

Anderson, D. H. 2014a. Geomorphic Responses to Interim Hydrology Following Phase I of the Kissimmee River Restoration Project, Florida. Restoration ecology., 22, 367-375

Anderson, D. H. 2014b. Interim Hydrologic Responses to Phase I of the Kissimmee River Restoration Project, Florida. Restoration ecology., 22, 353-366.

Baxter, C. V., K. D. Fausch, and W. C. Saunders. 2005. Tangled webs: reciprocal flows of invertebrate prey link streams and riparian zones. Freshwater biology. 50:201-220.

Bousquin, S. G. & Colee, J. 2014. Interim Responses of Littoral River Channel Vegetation to Reestablished Flow after Phase I of the Kissimmee River Restoration Project. Restoration ecology., 22, 388-396.

Briers, R. A., Cariss, H. M., Geoghegan R. and Gee, J. H. R. (2005) The lateral extent of the subsidy from an upland stream to riparian lycosid spiders. Ecography., 28, 165-170.

Brown, L.E., Johnston, K.L., Palmer, S., Aspray, L. & Holden, J. 2013. River ecosystem response to prescribed vegetation burning on blanket peatland. PLoS ONE 8(11): e81023

Brown, L.E., Holden, J. & Palmer, S.M. 2014. Effects of Moorland Burning on the Ecohydrology of River basins: Key findings from the EMBER project. University of Leeds. 33p. Available online

Bruder, A., Tonolla, D., Schweizer, S.P., Vollenweider, S., Langhans, S.D., Wuest, A. 2016. A conceptual framework for hydropeaking mitigation. The science of the total environment., 568, 1204-1212.

Butchart et al., 2010. Global Biodiversity: Indicators of Recent Declines. Science. , 328(5982), 1164-1168.

Cheek, M. D., Williams, G. E., Bousquin, S. G., Colee, J. & Melvin, S. L. 2014. Interim Response of Wading Birds (Pelecaniformes and Ciconiiformes) and Waterfowl (Anseriformes) to the Kissimmee River Restoration Project, Florida, U.S.A. Restoration ecology., 22, 426-434.

Dudgeon, D., Arthington, A.H., Gessner, M.O., Kawabata, Z., Knowler, D.J., Lévêque, C., Naiman, R.J., Prieur-Richard, A.H., Soto, D., Stiassny, M.L.J., Sullivan, C.A., 2006. Freshwater biodiversity: Importance, threats, status and conservation challenges. Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. 81: 163–182.

Gillespie, B., DeSmet, S., Kay, P., Tillotson, M. & Brown, L.E. 2015. A critical analysis of regulated river ecosystem responses to environmental flows from reservoirs. Freshwater biology. 60: 410-425

Holden, J., Chapman, P.J., Palmer, S.M., Kay, P., Grayson, R., 2012. The impacts of prescribed moorland burning on water colour and dissolved organic carbon: a critical synthesis. Journal of environmental management. 101, 92-103.

Hynes, N.B.H. 1975. The stream and its valleyVerhandlungen der Internationalen Vereinigung fuer Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 19,1-16. Not held at Leeds University Library

Jordan, F. & Arrington, D. A. 2014. Piscivore Responses to Enhancement of the Channelized Kissimmee River, Florida, U.S.A. Restoration ecology., 22, 418-425

Koebel, J. W. & Bousquin, S. G. 2014. The Kissimmee River Restoration Project and Evaluation Program, Florida, U.S.A. Restoration ecology., 22, 345-352.

Koebel, J. W., Bousquin, S. G. & COLEE, J. 2014. Interim Responses of Benthic and Snag-Dwelling Macroinvertebrates to Reestablished Flow and Habitat Structure in the Kissimmee River, Florida, U.S.A. Restoration ecology., 22, 409-417

Kopf, R. K., Finlayson, C.M., Humphries, P., Sims, N.C., Hladyz, S. 2015. Anthropocene Baselines: Assessing Change and Managing Biodiversity in Human-Dominated Aquatic Ecosystems. Bioscience. 65(8): 798-811.

Leps, M., Sundermann, A., Tonkin, J. D., Lorenz, A. W., Haase, P. 2016. Time is no healer: increasing restoration age does not lead to improved benthic invertebrate communities in restored river reaches. The science of the total environment., 557–55

Lytle D.A. & Poff N.L. (2004) Adaptation to natural flow regimes. Trends in ecology & evolution. 19: 94–100.

Malmqvist, B. 2002. Aquatic invertebrates in riverine landscapes. Freshwater biology. 47:679-694.

Miller, S.W., Judson, S. 2014. Responses of macroinvertebrate drift, benthic assemblages, and trout foraging to hydropeaking. Canadian journal of fisheries and aquatic sciences., 71, 675-687.

Paetzold, A., Smith, M., Warren, P.H. & Maltby, L. 2011. Environmental impact propagated by cross-system subsidy: chronic stream pollution controls riparian spider populations. Ecology. 92: 1711–1716

Paetzold, A., Yoshimura, C & Tockner, K. 2008. Riparian arthropod responses to flow regulation and river channelization. Journal of applied ecology. 45: 894–903

Pimm, S.L., Jenkins, C.N., Abell, R., Brooks, T.M., Gittleman, J.L., Joppa, L.N., Raven, P.H., Roberts, C.M., Sexton, J.O., 2014. The biodiversity of species and their rates of extinction, distribution, and protection. Science. , 344(6187).

Poff, N. L., Zimmerman, J. K. H. (2010), Ecological responses to altered flow regimes: a literature review to inform the science and management of environmental flows. Freshwater biology. , 55: 194–205. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2427.2009.02272.x

Ramchunder, S.J, Brown, L.E. & Holden, J. (2009) Environmental effects of contemporary UK peatland catchment management. Progress in physical geography. 33: 49-79

Ramchunder, S.J., Brown, L.E. & Holden, J. (2012) Catchment scale peatland restoration benefits stream macroinvertebrate biodiversity. Journal of applied ecology. 49: 182-191

Ramchunder, S.J, Brown, L.E. & Holden, J. (2013) Rotational vegetation burning effects on peatland stream ecosystems. Journal of applied ecology. 50: 636-648

Robinson C.T., Uehlinger U. & Monaghan M.T. (2004) Stream ecosystem response to multiple experimental floods from a reservoir. River research and applications. 20: 359–377

Robinson C.T. & Uehlinger U. (2008) Experimental floods cause ecosystem regime shift in a regulated river. Ecological applications.,18, 511–526.

Spencer, L. J. & Bousquin, S. G. 2014. Interim Responses of Floodplain Wetland Vegetation to Phase I of the Kissimmee River Restoration Project: Comparisons of Vegetation Maps from Five Periods in the River's History. Restoration ecology., 22, 397-408.

Strayer, D.L. & Dudgeon, D. 2010. Freshwater biodiversity conservation: recent progress and future challenges. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 29: 344–358

Toth, L. A. 1993. The ecological basis of the Kissimmee River restoration plan. Florida Scientist 56:25–51. - Available online:

Van Cappellen, P., Maavara, T. 2016. Rivers in the Anthropocene: Global scale modifications of riverine nutrient fluxes by damming. Ecohydrology & hydrobiology., 16, 106-111.

Vörösmarty,  C. J., McIntyre, P.B. Gessner, M.O., Dudgeon, D., Prusevich, A., Green, P., Glidden, S., Bunn, S.E., Sullivan, C.A., Liermann, C.R. & Davies, P.M. 2010. Global threats to human water security and river biodiversity. Nature. 467: 555-561

Yallop, A.R., Thacker, J.I., Thomas, G., Stephens, M., Clutterbuck, B., Brewer, T., Sannier, C.A.D., 2006. The extent and intensity of management burning in the English uplands. Journal of applied ecology. 43, 1138-1148.

Ziv, G., Baran, E., Nam, S., Rodriguez-Iturbe, I., and Levin, S. A. 2012. Trading-off fish biodiversity, food security, and hydropower in the Mekong River Basin. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 109: 5609–5614,

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River ecosystems practical class

Allan, J.D. 2004. Landscapes and riverscapes: The influence of land use on stream ecosystems. Annual review of ecology, evolution, and systematics. 35:257-284.

Allan, J.D. & Castillo, M.M. 2007. Stream Ecology. Structure and function of running waters. Springer

Bradley, D.C., Streetly, M.J., Cadman, D., Dunscombe, M., Farren, E. and Manham, A. 2017. A hydrological model to assess the relative effects of groundwater abstraction and fine sediment pressures on riverine macroinvertebrates. River research and applications. 33(10): 1596-1605

Extence, C.A., Chadd, R.P., England, J., Naura, M, Pickwell, A.G.G., 2017. Application of the Proportion of Sediment-sensitive invertebrtes (PSI) biomonitoring index. River research and applications. 33(10): 1596-1605.

Holden, J., Shotbolt, L., Bonn, A., Burt, T.P., Chapman, P.J., Dougill, A.J., Fraser, E.D.G., Hubacek, K., Irvine, B., Kirkby, M.J., Reed, M.S., Prell, C., Stagl, S., Stringer, L.C., Turner, A. and Worrall, F. 2007: Environmental change in moorland landscapes. Earth Science Reviews. 82: 75–100.

Klaar, M., Dunbar, M., Warren, M and Soley, R., 2014. Developing hydroecological models to inform environmental flow standards: a case study from England. Wiley interdisciplinary reviews. Water. 1(2):207-217.

Mason, C.F. 2002. Biology of Freshwater Pollution. Longman [Good book summarising lots of relevant information]

Paul, M.J., and Meyer, J.L. 2001. Streams in the urban landscape. Annual review of ecology and systematics. and Biodiversity 32:333-365.

Raven, P.J., Holmes, N.T.H., Vaughan, I.P., Dawson, F.H. and Scarlett, P., 2010. Benchmarking habitat quality: observations using River Habitat Survey on near-natural streams and rivers in northern and western Europe. Aquatic conservation : marine and freshwater ecosystems. 20(1): S13-S30

Vörösmarty, C.J., Mcintyre, P.B., Gessner, M.O., Dudgeon, D., Prusevich, A., Green, P., Glidden, S., Bunn, S.E., Sullivan, C.A., Reidy Liermann, C., & Davies, P.M. 2010. Global threats to human water security and river biodiversity Nature. 467:555-561.

This list was last updated on 21/09/2020