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Module Reading List

Shakespeare, 2021/22, Semester 2
Dr Jane Rickard
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue


The following editions are particularly recommended:

Othello, ed. Neill (Oxford), ed. Honigmann & Thompson (Arden3)

Richard III, ed. Jowett (Oxford) or ed. Siemon (Arden3)

Richard II, ed. Gurr (New Cambridge) or ed. Forker (Arden3)

The Merchant of Venice, ed. Halio (Oxford) or ed. Mahood (New Cambridge)

A Midsummer Night's Dream, ed. Holland (Oxford) or ed. Chaudhuri (Arden3)

The Tragedy of King Lear, ed. Halio (New Cambridge)

Antony and Cleopatra, ed. Neill (Oxford) or ed. Bevington (New Cambridge)

The Winter's Tale, ed. Orgel (Oxford) or ed. Pitcher (Arden3)

If you want a complete one-volume Shakespeare, the most recent are The New Oxford Shakespeare: Modern Critical Edition (2016) and The Norton Shakespeare 3e (2015). While they have all the texts, one-volume collected works such as these do not have the space to give detailed treatment to individual plays as do the single-text editions in the Oxford Shakespeare, New Cambridge Shakespeare, or Arden Shakespeare series recommended above.

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Secondary Reading - General Advice

First, it is vital that you study the plays in good modem critical editions, which provide up-to-date introductions and substantial annotation. We have recommended as Texts for Purchase the editions that we think provide the best help, but you may wish to consult and compare multiple editions. You will be at a serious disadvantage if you use editions that do not reflect current developments in textual theory and scholarship. Remember that the introduction in a modern critical edition is always a good place to begin your secondary reading.

Second, there are lots of secondary sources available online through the University Library. Academic journals often give you access to the most up-to-date scholarship. We include below a list of recommended journals that can be accessed online and other online resources.

Third, if you are able to access the University Library there are many books on Shakespeare to explore. We include below a selective bibliography of recommended titles but it is also worth browsing the catalogue and the shelves for yourself.

Finally, two important pieces of advice:

  • while we expect you to read other critics, it is essential that your study proceeds from your own careful reading of the plays, with critics acting as a stimulus to your ideas not as a substitute for thinking for yourself
  • use the resources that we recommend not random material turned up by Internet searches; in particular, do not trust such material as study guides, essays by other students published online, or Wikipedia, which may include false or inaccurate information and are not usually at a sufficiently advanced level for undergraduate study

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Of the various journals devoted specifically to Shakespeare, Shakespeare Quarterly, Shakespeare Survey, and Shakespeare  are the best. Other journals devoted to the period such as English Literary Renaissance and Renaissance Drama will also give you access to leading scholarship on Shakespeare. All of these journals are available online through the Library: simply search the catalogue for any of these titles under ‘Journals’ and then once you have accessed the journals you can search for specific articles using keywords. Alternatively, you can access a wide range of scholarly articles through such major databases as JSTOR, Literature Online, and Project MUSE, which are again available through the library and fully searchable. We recommend that you limit searches to recent articles (i.e. those published since 2000).

The Library also subscribes to The World Shakespeare Bibliography Online, an annotated bibliography of Shakespeare scholarship, and to the MLA International Bibliography, which is the most comprehensive database of publications for English studies. These huge databases will help you identify both online and print resources, but note that not everything that they list will be available through the University Library. The Library has recently extended its subscription to Drama Online, giving you access to resources including full texts of a number of good, recent scholarly books on Shakespeare (search under Drama Online in the Library catalogue; once you have entered the site click on the Context and Criticism section and search under Shakespeare).

The Oxford English Dictionary Online and the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography are invaluable reference works. The Shakespeare Collection gives you access to material pertaining to the early publication and performance history of Shakespeare’s plays. Early English Books Online (EEBO) has facsimile images of most books printed in and around Shakespeare’s lifetime. You can access all of these databases, and more, and find guides on how best to use them, at

The Library also has online copies of a number of the books listed below, including the various Cambridge Companions that we recommend (e.g. Michael Hattaway, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare’s History Plays (2002), Catherine M. S Alexander, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare's Last Plays (2009), etc). Finally, the list below includes a number of recommended articles, many of which come from the journals mentioned above and are available online (NB some of these are pre-2000 but have been selected because of their particular influence or importance). So even if you are unable to visit the library it is well worth going through the list below and clicking on the links to the catalogue to see if the items in which you are interested are available online.

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Shakespeare's life and times

A good general introduction to all aspects of Shakespeare's career is David Kastan's A companion to Shakespeare (1999), which contains essays covering the social and economic history of his times, as well as education, literacy, censorship, stagecraft, etc. There is also a four-volume A companion to Shakespeare's works, ed. Richard Dutton and Jean E. Howard (2003), with one volume on each of: comedies; histories; tragedies; poems, problem comedies and late plays. A splendid overview of the whole canon is Marjorie Garber’s Shakespeare after all (2004). Also useful is The Cambridge companion to Shakespeare studies, 3rd edition, eds. Stanley Wells (1986), The Cambridge companion to Shakespeare, eds. Margreta de Grazia and Stanley Wells (2001), and The Oxford handbook of the age of Shakespeare, ed. R. Malcolm Smuts (2016).

For Shakespeare's own life, see Samuel Schoenbaum, William Shakespeare : a compact documentary life (1977) or Peter Thomson, Shakespeare's professional career (1992). Interesting biographical perspectives are developed by Stephen Greenblatt in Will in the world : how Shakespeare became Shakespeare (2004), and by Katherine Duncan-Jones in Ungentle Shakespeare : scenes from his life (2001). A fine exploration of one crucial year is James Shapiro's 1599 : a year in the life of William Shakespeare (2005). Shapiro's Contested Will: who wrote Shakespeare? (2010) offers illuminating and sensible perspectives on the history and the stakes of the controversy over authorship.

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Shakespeare's texts

Gabriel Egan, The struggle for Shakespeare's text (2010).

Lukas Erne, Shakespeare as literary dramatist (2003).

Lukas Erne and M. J. Kidnie, eds, Textual performances : the modern reproduction of Shakespeare's drama (2004).

Margreta de Grazia, Shakespeare verbatim : the reproduction of authenticity and the 1790 apparatus (1991).

John Jowett, Shakespeare and text (2007)

David Scott Kastan, Shakespeare and the book (2001).

Richard Meek, Jane Rickard, and Richard Wilson (eds) Shakespeare's book : essays in reading, writing and reception (2008).

Emma Smith (ed), The Cambridge companion to Shakespeare's First Folio (2016).

Gary Taylor and Gabriel Egan (eds), The new Oxford Shakespeare: authorship companion (2017).

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Sylvia Adamson et al., Reading Shakespeare's dramatic language : a guide (2001).

A. D. Cousins and Daniel Derrin (eds), Shakespeare and the soliloquy in early modern English drama ISBN: 9781107172548 (hardback) (2018). 

David Crystal, Think on my words : exploring Shakespeare's language (2008).

David and Ben Crystal, Shakespeare's words : a glossary and language companion (2002).

Jonathan Hope, Shakespeare's grammar (2003).

S. S. Hussey, The Literary Language of Shakespeare (1982).

Frank Kermode, Shakespeare's language (2000).

Russ McDonald, Shakespeare and the arts of language (2001).

Quentin Skinner, Forensic Shakespeare (2014).

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Sources and influences

Jonathan Bate, Shakespeare and Ovid (1993).

Jonathan Bate, How the Classics Made Shakespeare (2019)

Geoffrey Bullough, ed., Narrative and dramatic sources of Shakespeare, 8 vols (1957-75).

Colin Burrow, Shakespeare and Classical Antiquity (2013)

Helen Cooper, Shakespeare and the medieval world (2010).

Charles and Michelle Martindale, Shakespeare and the uses of antiquity : an introductory essay (1990).

Robert S. Miola, Shakespeare's reading (2000).

Leo Salingar, Shakespeare and the traditions of comedy (1974).

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Stages, stagecraft and stage history

Useful stage histories for some of the plays can be found in the Cambridge Shakespeare in Perfomance editions of Othello and Merchant of Venice. More detailed focus on Royal Shakespeare Productions is offered by volumes in the Shakespeare at Stratford series, published by Arden Shakespeare, on Richard III and The Winter’s Tale.

Jonathan Bate and Russell Jackson, eds, Shakespeare : an illustrated stage history (1996), reissued as The Oxford illustrated history of Shakespeare on stage (2001).

David Bevington, Action is eloquence : Shakespeare's language of gesture (1984).

James C. Bulman, Shakespeare, theory, and performance (1996).

James C. Bulman (ed), Oxford handbook of Shakespeare and performance (2017).

Christie Carson and Farah Karim-Cooper, eds, Shakespeare's Globe : a theatrical experiment (2008).

Janet Clare, Shakespeare's stage traffic : imitation, borrowing and competition in Renaissance theatre (2014).

A. D. Cousins and Daniel Derrin (eds), Shakespeare and the soliloquy in early modern English drama ISBN: 9781107172548 (hardback) (2018). 

Janette Dillon, Shakespeare and the Staging of English History (2012).

Michael Dobson, The making of the national poet : Shakespeare, adaptation and authorship, 1660-1769 (1992).

Sarah Dustagheer and Gillian Woods (eds), Stage directions and Shakespeare's theatre (2018).

Penny Gay, As she likes it : Shakespeare's unruly women (1994).

Andrew Gurr, The Shakespearean Stage (3rd edn., 1992).

Andrew Gurr and Mariko Ichikawa, Staging in Shakespeare's Theatres (2000).

Andrew Gurr and Farah Karim-Cooper, eds, Moving Shakespeare indoors : performance and repertoire in the Jacobean playhouse (2014).

Michael Hattaway, Elizabethan popular theatre : plays in performance (1982).

Barbara Hodgdon and W. B. Worthen, A companion to Shakespeare and performance (2005).

Dennis Kennedy, Looking at Shakespeare (1991, 2nd ed. 2001).

Margaret Jane Kidnie, Shakespeare and the problem of adaptation (2008).

David Lindley, Shakespeare and music (2005).

P. Brockbank, R. Jackson and R. Smallwood, eds, Players of Shakespeare (1985-2006).

Tiffany Stern, Making Shakespeare : from stage to page (2004)

Peter Thomson, Shakespeare's Theatre (1983).

Martin White, Renaissance drama in action : an introduction to aspects of theatre practice and performance (1998).

W. B. Worthen, Shakespeare and the authority of performance (1997).

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Shakespeare and literary theory

Catherine Belsey, Shakespeare in theory and practice (2010).

Graham Bradshaw, Misrepresentations : Shakespeare and the materialists (1993).

John Drakakis, ed., Alternative Shakespeares (1985).

Stephen Greenblatt, Shakespearean negotiations : the circulation of social energy in Renaissance England (1988).

Jonathan Gill Harris, Shakespeare and literary theory (2010).

David Goldstein, Eating and Ethics in Shakespeare's England (2013).

Terence Hawkes, Meaning by Shakespeare (1992).

Terence Hawkes, Shakespeare in the present (2002).

Lisa Jardine, Reading Shakespeare historically (1996).

David Kastan, Shakespeare after theory (1999).

Ronald Knowles, ed., Shakespeare and carnival : after Bakhtin (1998).

Katharine Eisaman Maus, Inwardness and theater in the English Renaissance (1995).

Russ MacDonald, Shakespeare : an anthology of criticism and theory, 1945-2000 (2003).

Simon Palfrey and Emma Smith, Shakespeare's dead : stages of death in Shakespeare's playworlds (2016).

Edward Pechter, What was Shakespeare? : Renaissance plays and changing critical practice (1995).

Michael Taylor, Shakespeare criticism in the twentieth century (2001).

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Sexuality and gender

Janet Adelman, Suffocating mothers : fantasies of maternal origin in Shakespeare's plays, "Hamlet" to "The Tempest" (1992).

Catherine Belsey, Shakespeare and the loss of Eden : the construction of family values in early modern culture (1999).

Dympna Callaghan, Shakespeare without women : representing gender and race on the Renaissance stage (2000).

Kate Chedgzoy, ed., Shakespeare, feminism and gender (2001).

Paul Hammond, Love between men in English literature (1996).

Paul Hammond, Figuring sex between men from Shakespeare to Rochester (2002).

M. Hendricks and P. Parker, Women, "race," and writing in the early modern period (1994).

Lisa Jardine, Still Harping on Daughters: Women and Drama in the Age of Shakespeare (1983).

Coppelia Kahn, Man's estate : masculine identity in Shakespeare (1981).

Madhavi Menon, ed., Shakesqueer : a queer companion to the complete works of Shakespeare (2011).

Karen Newman, Fashioning femininity and English Renaissance drama (1991).

Stephen Orgel, Impersonations : the performance of gender in Shakespeare's England (1996).

Alan Sinfield, Shakespeare, authority, sexuality : unfinished business in cultural materialism (2006).

Bruce Smith, Homosexual desire in Shakespeare's England : a cultural poetics (1991).

Bruce Smith, Shakespeare and masculinity (2000).

Valerie Traub, ‘Gender and Sexuality in Shakespeare’, in Margreta de Grazia and Stanley Wells, eds, The Cambridge companion to Shakespeare (2001).

Valerie Traub, ed., The Oxford handbook of Shakespeare and embodiment: gender, sexuality, and race (2016).

Robin Headlam Wells, Shakespeare on masculinity (2000).

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Patricia Akhimie, Shakespeare and the Cultivation of Difference (2018)

Kim F. Hall, Economies of Race and Gender in Early Modern England (1995)

M. Hendricks and P. Parker, Women, "race," and writing in the early modern period (1994).

Sujata Iyengar, Shades of Difference: Mythologies of Skin Colour in Early Modern England (2005)

Ania Loomba, Shakespeare, race, and colonialism (2002).

Ian Smith, Race and Rhetoric in the Renaissance (2009)

Ayanna Thompson (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare and Race (2021).

Virginia Mason Vaughan, Performing Blackness on English Stages 1500-1800 (2005)

Daniel Vitkus, Turning Turk: English Theatre and the Multicultural Mediterranean (2003)

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Politics and religion

David Armitage, Conal Condren and Andrew Fitzmaurice, eds, Shakespeare and early modern political thought (2009).

Janet Clare, 'Art made tongue-tied by authority' : Elizabethan and Jacobean dramatic censorship (1990).

Jonathan Dollimore and Alan Sinfield, Political Shakespeare : essays in cultural materialism (2nd ed. 1993).

Andrew Hadfield, Shakespeare and Renaissance politics (2004).

Andrew Hadfield, Shakespeare and republicanism (2005).

Hannibal Hamlin, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare and Religion (2019)

Alexander Leggatt, Shakespeare's political drama : the history plays and the Roman plays (1988).

David Lowenstein and Michael Witmore, Shakespeare and early modern religion (2015).

David Scott Kastan, A will to believe : Shakespeare and religion (2014).

R. Malcolm Smuts, ed, The Oxford handbook of the age of Shakespeare (2016).

Christopher Warley, Reading class through Shakespeare, Donne, and Milton (2014).

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Comedy and romance

Ann Jennalie Cook, Making a match : courtship in Shakespeare and his society (1991).

Lawrence Danson, Shakespeare's dramatic genres (2000).

Dutton, Richard and Jean E. Howard. eds, A companion to Shakespeare's works Vol. 4: The Poems, Problem Comedies, Late Plays (2003).

Alexander Leggatt, Shakespeare's comedy of love (1990).

Raphael Lyne, Shakespeare's late work (2007).

Robert Maslan, Shakespeare and comedy (2005).

Carol Thomas Neely, Broken nuptials in Shakespeare's plays (1993).

Kieman Ryan, ed., Shakespeare, the last plays (Longman Critical Readers) (1999).

Alison Thorne, ed., Shakespeare's romances (Palgrave New Casebook) (2002).

Gary Waller, ed., Shakespeare's comedies, Longman Critical Readers (1991).

R.S. White, Let wonder seem familiar : endings in Shakespeare's romance vision (1985).

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John Bayley, Shakespeare and tragedy (1981).

Catherine Belsey, The Subject of tragedy (1985).

Philippa Berry, Shakespeare's feminine endings : disfiguring death in the tragedies (1999).

Dympna Callaghan, Woman and gender in Renaissance tragedy : a study of King Lear, Othello, the Duchess of Malfi and the White Devil (1989).

Lawrence Danson, Shakespeare's dramatic genres (2000).

Jonathan Dollimore, Radical tragedy (1984).

John Drakakis, ed., Shakespearean tragedy, Longman Critical Readers (1992).

Paul Hammond, The Strangeness of Tragedy (2009)

Nancy Conn Liebler, Shakespeare's festive tragedy : the ritual foundations of genre (1995).

Alexander Leggatt, Shakespeare's tragedies : violation and identity (2005).

T.A. McAlindon, Shakespeare's tragic cosmos (1991).

Michael Neill, Issues of death : mortality and identity in English Renaissance tragedy (1997).

Michael Neill and David Schalkwyk (eds), The Oxford handbook of Shakespearean tragedy ISBN: 9780198724193 (hardback) (2016).

Susan Snyder, The comic matrix of Shakespeare's tragedies : 'Romeo and Juliet', 'Hamlet', 'Othello', and 'King Lear' (1979).

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Dermot Cavanagh, Stuart Hampton-Reeves and Stephen Longstaffe, eds, Shakespeare's histories and counter-histories (2006).

Warren L.Chernaik, The Cambridge introduction to Shakespeare's history plays (2007).

Lawrence Danson, Shakespeare's dramatic genres (2000).

Michael Hattaway, ed., The Cambridge companion to Shakespeare’s history plays (2002).

Graham Holderness, Shakespeare recycled : the making of historical drama (1992).

Graham Holderness, ed., Shakespeare's history plays : Richard II to Henry V (New Casebooks) (1992).

Jean E. Howard and Phyllis Rackin, Engendering a nation : a feminist account of Shakespeare's English histories (1997).

Phyllis Rackin, Stages of history : Shakespeare's English chronicles (1990).

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King Lear


Janet Adelman, Suffocating Mothers: Fantasies of Maternal Origin in Shakespeare's Plays (1992) 

Jonathan Bate, 'Shakespeare's foolosophy', in Grace Ioppolo, ed., Shakespeare Performed (2000), 17-32 

David Beauregard, ‘Human malevolence and providence in King Lear’, Renascence, 60:3 (Spring 2008), 199-224 

Lynne Bradley, Adapting King Lear for the Stage (2010) 

Chris Fitter, 'So distribution should undo excess: recovering the political pressure of distributive and egalitarian discourses in King Lear and early modern England', ELH, 86 (2019), 835-63 

 R. A. Foakes, Hamlet versus Lear: Cultural Politics and Shakespeare's Art (1993), chapter 2  

Jennifer Mae Hamilton, This Contentious Storm: An Ecocritical and Performance History of King Lear (2017) 

Andrew Hiscock, King Lear: A Critical Guide (2011) 

Graham Holderness and Naomi Carter, ‘The King’s two bodies: text and genre in King Lear’English, 45 (1996), 1-31  Available online 

Peter Holland (ed.), King Lear and its Afterlife, Shakespeare Survey, 55 (2002)

Jeffrey Kahan, King Lear: New Critical Essays (2008)

Coppelia Kahn, 'The absent mother in King Lear', in Rewriting the Renaissanceeds. M. Ferguson, M. Quilligan and N. Vickers (1986), 33-49 

Christopher Martin, Constituting Old Age in Early Modern English Literature (2012)

Robert B. Pierce, 'Mapping King Lear', Shakespeare Survey, 62 (2009), 308-16  

Maureen Quilligan, Incest and Agency in Elizabeth’s England (2005)

Philip Schwyzer, Literature, Nationalism and Memory in Early Modern England and Wales (2004)

Laurie Shannon, 'Poor, bare forked animal: animal sovereignty, human negative exceptionalism, and the natural history of King Lear'Shakespeare Quarterly, 60 (2009), 168-96

Brian Sheerin, 'Making use of nothing: the sovereignties of King Lear', Studies in Philology, 110 (2013), 789-811

Meredith Skura, ‘Dragon fathers and unnatural children: warring generations in King Lear and its sources’, Comparative Drama, 42 (2008), 121-48

Henry S. Turner, 'King Lear without: the heath', Renaissance Drama, 28 (1997), 161-93  

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The Merchant of Venice

Aaron Kitch, ‘Shylock's Sacred Nation’ Shakespeare quarterly, 59 (2008), 131-155.

Charles Edelman, 'Which is the Jew that Shakespeare knew', Shakespeare survey, 52 (1999), 99-106.

Charles Edelman, ed., The Merchant of Venice (Shakespeare in Production) (2002).

Miriam Gilbert, Shakespeare at Stratford: The Merchant of Venice (2002).

David B. Goldstein, Eating and Ethics in Shakespeare's England , Chapter 2, (2013).

Jay Halio, ‘Shylock: Shakespeare's Bad Jew’, in Evelyn Gajowski, ed., Re-visions of Shakespeare : essays in honor of Robert Ornstein (2004), 57-65.

James O'Rourke, ‘Racism and Homophobia in The Merchant of Venice’, ELH, 70 (2003), 375-97.

Orgel, Stephen, ‘Shylock's Tribe’, in Tom Clayton et al., eds, Shakespeare and the Mediterranean : the selected proceedings of the International Shakespeare Association World Congress, Valencia, 2001 (2004), 38-53.

Joseph Pequigney, 'The two Antonios and same-sex love in Twelfth Night and The Merchant of Venice ’, English Literary Renaissance, 22 (1992) 201-21.

James Shapiro, Shakespeare and the Jews (1996).

E. A Spiller, 'From imagination to miscegenation: race and romance in Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice’, Renaissance Drama, 29 (1998) 137-64.

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A Midsummer Night's Dream

Richard Dutton, ed., A Midsummer Night's Dream: A Casebook (1996)   Margo Hendricks, 'Obscured by dreams: race, empire and Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream', Shakespeare quarterly ISSN: 0037-3222, 47 (1996), 37-60   Dorothea Kehler, ed., A midsummer night's dream [electronic resource] : critical essays ISBN: 0203726987; 9780203726983 (1998)   Buccola Regina, ed., A  Midsummer Night's Dream: A Critical Guide (2010)

Louis Adrian Montrose, 'Shaping Fantasies: figurations of gender and power in A Midsummer Night's Dream', in Rewriting the Renaissance, eds. M. W. Ferguson, M. Quilligan and N. J. Vickers (1986), pp. 65-87

Richard Wilson, 'The kindly ones: the death of the author in Shakespearean Athens', Essays and studies, (1993), 1-24

Shakespeare survey ISSN: 0080-9152, 65 (2012) [A Midsummer Night's Dream themed issue]

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Richard III

William Carroll, ‘The form of law: ritual and succession in Richard III’, in Linda Woodbridge and Edward Berry, eds, True rites and maimed rites : ritual and anti-ritual in Shakespeare and his age (1992), 203-19.

Linda Charnes, Notorious identity : materializing the subject in Shakespeare (1993).

Annaliese Connolly, Richard III : a critical reader (2013).

Gillian Day, Shakespeare at Stratford: King Richard III (2002).

Marjorie Garber, ‘Descanting on deformity: Richard III and the shape of history’, in Garber, Shakespeare's ghost writers : literature as uncanny causality (1987).

Michael Neill, ‘Shakespeare’s Halle of mirrors: play politics and psychology in Richard III’, Shakespeare studies., 8 (1976), 99-129

Hugh M. Richmond, King Richard III (Shakespeare in Performance), (1989).

- - -, ed. Critical essays on Shakespeare's Richard III (1999).

Philip Schwyzer, Shakespeare and the Remains of Richard III (2015).

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Richard II

Naomi Conn Leibler, ‘The mockery king of snow: Richard II and the sacrifice of ritual’, in Linda Woodbridge and Edward Berry (eds), True rites and maimed rites : ritual and anti-ritual in Shakespeare and his age ISBN: 0252062434 (pbk., acid-free paper); 0252018974 (1992), 220-39.

Katharine Eisaman Maus, Being and having in Shakespeare [electronic resource] (2013).

Bridget Escombe, Talking to the audience : Shakespeare, performance, self (2005).

Hugh Grady, Shakespeare, Machiavelli and Montaigne : Power and Subjectivity from Richard II to Hamlet (2002).

John Halverson, The lamentable comedy of Richard II ’, English literary renaissance, 24 (1994), 343-69.

Donna B. Hamilton, ‘The state of law in Richard II ’, Shakespeare quarterly, 34 (1983).

Graham Holderness, ‘Shakespeare’s history: Richard II ’, Literature & history, 7 (1981), 2-24.

David Scott Kastan, ‘Proud Majesty Made a Subject: Shakespeare and the Spectacle of Rule’, Shakespeare quarterly, 37 (1986)

Jeremy Lopez, ed. Richard II : new critical essays (2012).

David Norbrook, ‘A liberal tongue: language and rebellion in Richard II’, in Shakespeare's universe : Renaissance ideas and conventions : essays in honour of W.R. Elton, ed. John M. Mucciolo (1996), 37-51.

- - -‘The emperor’s new body? Richard II, Ernst Kantorowicz and the politics of Shakespeare criticism’, Textual practice, 10 (1996), 329-57.

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Joel B. Altman, 'Preposterous conclusions', Representations, 18 (1987), 129-157.

Harry Berger, Jr ‘Acts of Silence, Acts of Speech: How to Do Things with Othello and Desdemona’, Renaissance drama, 33 (2004), 3-35.

Stanley Cavell, Disowning knowledge in six plays of Shakespeare (1987), Chapter 3.

Lena Cowen Orlin, Othello : the state of play (2014).

Jack D'Amico, The Moor in English Renaissance drama (1991).

Michael Dobson, ed., Performing Shakespeare's tragedies today : the actor's perspective (2006). Includes three articles on playing Othello, Iago, and Emilia.

Barbara Everett, ‘Inside Othello’ Shakespeare Survey, 53 (2000), 184-95.

Stephen Greenblatt, Renaissance self-fashioning : from More to Shakespeare (1980), chapter 6.

Julia Hankey, ed., Othello (Shakespeare in Production), (2nd ed. 2005).

Andrew Hadfield, ed., A Routledge literary sourcebook on William Shakespeare's Othello (2002).

Michael Neill, Putting history to the question : power, politics, and society in English Renaissance drama ( 2000), chs. 8,9,10.

Michael Neill, 'Unproper beds: race, adultery and the hideous in Othello Shakespeare Quarterly (1989), 383-412.

Karen Newman, "'And wash the Ethiop white": femininity and the monstrous in Othello ', in Jean Howard, Shakespeare reproduced : the text in history and ideology, and Newman, Fashioning femininity and English Renaissance drama.

Stephen Orgel, ‘ Othello and the end of comedy’, Shakespeare survey., 56 (2003), 105-116.

Martin Orkin, ' Othello and the "Plain Face" of Racism', Shakespeare Quarterly, 38 (1987), 166-88.

Patricia Parker, 'Fantasies of "race" and "gender" : Africa, Othello and bringing to light ', in Parker and Margo Hendricks, ed., Women, "Race," and Writing in the Early Modern Period (1994), 84-100.

Lois Potter, Othello (2002).

Martha Ronk ‘Desdemona's Self-Presentation’, English Literary Renaissance, 35 (2005), 52–72.

Virginia Mason Vaughan, Othello : a contextual history (1994).

Daniel Vitkus, ‘Turning Turk in Othello: the conversion and damnation of the Moor’, Shakespeare quarterly, 48 (1997), 145-76.

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Antony and Cleopatra

Catherine Belsey, ‘Cleopatra’s seduction’ in Hawkes (ed.), Alternative Shakespeares. Vol.2 (1996).

Mary Thomas Crane, 'Roman World, Egyptian Earth: Cognitive Difference and Empire in Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra ', Comparative Drama, 43 (2009), 1-17.

Sara Munson Deats, ed., Antony and Cleopatra : new critical essays (2005).

John Drakakis, ed., Antony and Cleopatra : William Shakespeare (New Casebooks) (1994).

Juliet Dusinberre, 'Squeaking Cleopatras: Gender and Performance in Antony and Cleopatra ' in James C. Bulman, ed., Shakespeare, theory, and performance (1996), 46-67.

Maria Del Sapio Garbero, ed., Identity, otherness and empire in Shakespeare's Rome (2009).

L. T. Fitz [i.e. Linda Woodbridge], ‘Egyptian Queens and Male Reviewers: Sexist Attitudes in Antony and Cleopatra Criticism’, Shakespeare quarterly, (1977), 297-316.

Jonathan Gil Harris, ‘ “Narcissus in thy face”: Roman desire and the difference it fakes in Antony and Cleopatra ’, Shakespeare Quarterly, 45 (1994).

Patrick Gray, Shakespeare and the Fall of the Roman Republic ISBN: 9781474427456 hardback; 9781474427470 webready PDF; 9781474427487 ePub (2018).

Coppélia Kahn, Roman Shakespeare : warriors, wounds, and women (1997).

Joyce Green MacDonald, 'Sex, Race and Empire in Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra ', Literature & history, 5 (1996), 60-77.

Geoffrey Miles, Shakespeare and the constant Romans (1996).

Michael Neill, Issues of death : mortality and identity in English Renaissance tragedy (1997). Chapter. 9.

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The Winter's Tale

Janet Adelman, Suffocating mothers : fantasies of maternal origin in Shakespeare's plays, "Hamlet" to "The Tempest" (1992).

Catherine M. S Alexander, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare's Last Plays (2009).

Anne Barton, 'Leontes and the spider: language and speaker in Shakespeare's last plays', in Essays, mainly Shakespearean (1994).

Lynne Enterline, '"You speak a language that I understand not": the rhetoric of animation in The Winter's Tale’ Shakespeare Quarterly (1997), 17-44.

Howard Felperin, ‘”Tongue-tied our queen? ” The Deconstruction of Presence in The Winter's Tale’, in Patricia Parker and Geoffrey Hartman, eds, Shakespeare and the Question of Theory (1985).

Alastair Fowler, 'Leontes' contrition and the repair of nature', Essays and studies, 31 (1978), 36-64.

Andrew Gurr, 'The bear, the statue and hysteria in The Winter's Tale Shakespeare Quarterly, 34 (1983), 420-5.

Ruth Nevo, Shakespeare's other language (1987).

Robert Smallwood, ed., Players of Shakespeare 5 (2003) articles by Gilbreath and Sher on playing Hermione and Leontes.

B. J. Sokol, Art and illusion in The Winter's Tale (1994).

Pat Tatspaugh, Shakespeare at Stratford: The Winter's Tale (2003).

Amy L. Tigner, ‘The Winter’s Tale: Gardens and the Marvels of Transformation', English Literary Renaissance, 36 (2006) 114-134.

This list was last updated on 25/01/2022