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GEOG5680M Reading List

Hydrological Processes and Analysis, 2021/22, Semester 1
Richard Grayson
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

GEOG5680 Hydrological Processes and Analysis Extended Reading

Week 1: Water budgets and hydrometry

Ackers, P., White, W.R., Perkins, J.A. and Harrison, A.J.M. (1978) Weirs and flumes for flow measurement. John Wiley and sons, Chichester. 327pp.

Anderson, M.G. and Burt, T.P. (1977) Automatic monitoring of soil moisture conditions in a hillslope spur and hollow. Journal of Hydrology, 33, 27-36. 

Arnell, N.W. (2002) Hydrology and global environmental change. Prentice Hall, Harlow.

Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2000) Flood estimation handbook. CEH, Wallingford

*Boiten, W. (2008) Hydrometry. Taylor and Francis

Bond S, Kirkby MJ, Johnston J, Crowle A, Holden J. 2020. Seasonal vegetation and management influence overland flow velocity and roughness in upland grasslands. Hydrological Processes. 34, 18, 3777-3791

Brakenridge GR, Cohen S, Kettner AJ, et al. 2012a. Satellite River Discharge Measurements. Dartmouth Flood Observatory:

Brakenridge GR, Cohen S, Kettner AJ, et al. 2012b. Calibration of satellite measurements of river discharge using a global hydrology model. J. Hydrol. 475: 123–136.

British Standards Institution (1990) Measurement of liquid flow in open channels - British Part 4: Weirs and flumes. London, BSI. 

Brutsaert, W. (2005) Hydrology: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press.

Burba, G. (2013) The Eddy Covariance Method; LI-COR Biosciences: Lincoln, NE, USA, 2013. 

*Burt, T.P. (1988) A practical exercise to demonstrate the variable source area model. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 12, 177-186.  

Carey, S.K. and Woo, M. (2001) Spatial variability of hillslope water balance, wolf creek basin, subarctic yukon.. Hydrological Processes, 15, 3113-3132

Calkins, D. and Dunne, T. (1970) A salt tracing method for measuring channel velocities in small mountain streams. Journal of Hydrology, 11, 379-392.

Davis, S.H. Vertessy, R.A. and Silberstein, R.P. (1999) The sensitivity of a catchment model to soil hydraulic properties obtained by using different measurement techniques. Hydrological Processes, 13, 677-688. 

Dunne. T. and Leopold, L.B. (1978) Water in Environmental Planning. esp. Chapter 9.

Gale, E. L. and Saunders, M. A. (2013), The 2011 Thailand flood: climate causes and return periods. Weather, 68: 233–237. doi:10.1002/wea.2133

Gleick, P. H. 1996. Basic water requirements for Human activities: Meeting Basic Needs. Water International 21, 83-92

Herschy, R.W. (1999) Hydrometery principles and practice. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, 370p

Herschy, R.W. (1976) New methods in river gauging. In: J.C. Rhodda (ed.) (1976) Facets of hydrology. Chichester, Wiley. 

*Holden J. (2014) River basin hydrology. In Holden, J. (ed) Water resources – an integrated approach. Taylor and Francis.  

IAP (1982) Advances in hydrometry. Proceedings of the Exeter Symposium. International Association of Hydrological Sciences Publication 134.

Kitchen, M. and Illingworth, A. (2011) From observations to forecasts Part 13: The UK weather radar network- past, present and future. Weather, 66, 291-297.

Lewis, Q. W., & Rhoads, B. L. ( 2018). LSPIV measurements of two‐dimensional flow structure in streams using small unmanned aerial systems: 1. Accuracy assessment based on comparison with stationary camera platforms and in‐stream velocity measurements. Water Resources Research, 54, 8000– 8018.

Moorhead, J. E., et al. (2019). "Evaluation of Evapotranspiration from Eddy Covariance Using Large Weighing Lysimeters." 9(2): 99. Available online here  

O'Loughlin, F. E., J. Neal, D. Yamazaki, and P. D. Bates (2016), ICESat-derived inland water surface spot heights, Water Resources Research 52, 3276–3284, doi:10.1002/2015WR018237.

Price, D. (2000) Systematic error of standard UK raingauges in the central Scottish Highlands. Weather

Sayama, T., J.J. McDonnell, A. Dhakal and K. Sullivan, 2011. How much water can a watershed store? Hydrological Processes, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.8288  

Schumann A.H. (1998) Thiessen polygon. In: Encyclopedia of Hydrology and Lakes. Encyclopedia of Earth Science. Springer, Dordrecht .  

*Shaw, E M., Beven, K. J., Chappell, N.A. and Lamb, R. (2010) Hydrology in practice, 4th ed. Spon Press (Taylor and Francis), London. 

*Ward, R.C. and Robinson, M. (2000) Principles of Hydrology, McGraw-Hill, London   

Wilby, R.L (1997) Contemporary Hydrology: towards holistic environmental science. Wiley, Chichester.

Wood, S.J. Jones, D.A., Moore, R.J. (2000) Accuracy of rainfall measurement for scales of hydrological interest. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 4, 531-543.

Weeks 2 and 3: Hillslope hydrological processes and measurement, hydrograph separation and hydrograph analysis

Anderson, M.G. (1982) Modelling hillslope soil water status during drainage. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 7, 337-353.

Anderson, M.G. and Burt, T.P. (1978) Toward more detailed monitoring of variable source areas. Water Resources Research, 14, 1123-1131.   

Anderson, M.G. and Burt, T.P. (1978) The role of topography in controlling throughflow generation. Earth Surface Processes, 3, 331-334. Available online here.  

Anderson, M.G. and Burt, T.P. (1990) Subsurface runoff. In Anderson, M.G. and Burt, T.P. (1986) Process studies in hillslope hydrology, John Wiley, Chichester

Atkinson, T.C. (1978) Techniques for measuring subsurface flow on hillslopes. In Kikby, M.J. (Ed.) Hillslope Hydrology, John Wiley, Chichester, 73-120.

Azevedo, A.S., Kanwar, R.S. and Horton, R. (1998) Effect of cultivation on hydraulic properties of an Iowa soil using tension infiltrometers. Soil Science, 163, 22-29.

Berdeni D, Turner A, Grayson R, Llanos J, Holden J, Firbank LG, Lappage MG, Hunt SPF, Chapman P, Hodson ME, Helgason T, Watt PJ, Leake JR. 2021. Soil quality regeneration by grass-clover leys in arable rotations compared to permanent grassland: effects on wheat yield and resilience to drought and flooding.. Soil and Tillage Research. 212 

Betson, R.P. (1964) What is watershed runoff? Journal of Geophysical Research, 69, 1541-1552.  

Beven, K.J. and Germann, P. (1982) Macropores and water flow in soils. Water Resources Research, 18, 1311-1325.  

*Beven, K.J. and Germann, P. (2013) Macropores and water flow in soils revisited. Water Resources Research, 49, 3071–3092  

Burt, T.P. and Butcher, D.P. (1985) On the generation of delayed peaks in stream discharge. Journal of Hydrology, 78, 361-378.

Burt, T.P. (1979) The relationship between throughflow generation and the solute concentration of soil and stream water. Earth Processes and Landforms, 4, 257-266.  

Buttle, J.M and Peters, D.L. (1997) Inferring hydrological processes in a temperate basin using isotopic and geochemical hydrograph separation: a re-evaluation. Hydrological Processes, 11, 557-573

Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2000) Flood estimation handbook. CEH, Wallingford

Dunne, T. and Leopold (1978) Runoff processes. In Water in Environmental Planning, W.H. Freeman and Co., New York, 254-278.

Dunne, T. and Black, R.D. (1971) Runoff processes during snowmelt. Water Resources Research, 10, 119-123. 

Dunne, T. (1978) Field studies of hillslope flow processes. In Kirkby, M.J. (ed.) Hillslope Hydrology. Wiley, 227-293.

*Evans, M.G., Burt, T.P., Holden, J. and Adamson, J. (1999) Runoff generation and water table fluctuations in blanket peat: evidence from UK data spanning the dry summer of 1995. Journal of Hydrology, 221, 141-160. (examples of hydrograph analyses techniques)  

Elsenbeer, H. and Lack, A. (1996) Hydrometric and hydrochemical evidence for fast flowpaths at La Cuenca, western Amazonia. Journal of Hydrology, 180, 237-250.

Gale, E.L., Saunders, M.A. (2013) The 2011 Thailand flood: climate causes and return periods. Weather, 68, 233-237.

Germann, P. (1986) Rapid drainage responses to precipitation. Hydrological Processes, 1, 3-14.  

Germann, P. (1990) Macropores and hydrologic hillslope processes. In Anderson, M.G. and Burt, T.P. (1986) Process studies in hillslope hydrology, Chapters 1 and 10. John Wiley, Chichester.

Gilman, K. and Newson, M.D. (1980) Soil pipes and pipeflow; a hydrological study in upland Wales. British Geomorphological Research Group Research Monograph No. 1, Geo Books, Norwich.   

Guebert, M.D. and Gardner, T.W. (2001) Macropore flow on a reclaimed surface mine: Infiltration and hillslope hydrology. Geomorphology, 39, 151-169. 

Hangen, E., Lindenlaub, M., Leibundgut, Ch. and von Wilpert, K. 2001. Investigating mechanisms of stormflow generation by natural tracers and hydrometric data: a small catchment study in the Black Forest, Germany. Hydrological Processes, 15, 183-199.

Horton, R.E. (1933) the role of infiltration in the hydrological cycle. Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 14, 446-460.  

Holden, J., Smart, R.P., Dinsmore, K., Baird, A., Billett, M.F., and Chapman, P.J. (2012) Natural pipes in blanket peatlands: major point sources for the release of carbon to the aquatic system. Global Change Biology.  

Holden, J. and Gell, K.F. (2009) Morphological characterization of solute flow in a brown earth grassland soil with cranefly larvae burrows (leatherjackets). Geoderma, 152, 181-186.

Holden, J. (2009) Topographic controls upon soil macropore flow. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 34, 345-351.

Holden, J., Kirkby, M.J., Lane, S.N., Milledge, D.J., Brookes, C.J., Holden, V. and McDonald, A.T. (2008) Factors affecting overland flow velocity in peatlands. Water Resources Research, 44, W06415, doi: 10.1029/2007WR006052.

Holden, J., Burt, T.P. and Vilas, M. (2002). Application of ground penetrating radar to the identification of subsurface piping in blanket peat. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 27, 235-249.

Holden, J. (2004) Hydrological connectivity of soil pipes determined by ground penetrating radar tracer detection. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 29, 437-442.

Holden, J. and Burt, T.P. (2003) Runoff production in blanket peat covered catchments. Water Resources Research, 39, 1191, 10.1029/2003WR002067.

Holden, J. (2005) Rain simulators. Encyclopedia of Water. John Wiley and Sons, New York. DOI: 10.1002/047147844X    

Holden, J. (2005) Soil pipes and pipeflow. Encyclopedia of Water. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 10.1002/047147844X  

Holden, J. (2005) Surface runoff and subsurface drainage. Encyclopedia of Water. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 10.1002/047147844X  

Holden, J. (2005) Infiltrometers. Encyclopedia of Water. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 10.1002/047147844X  

Holden, J. (2005) Infiltration, infiltration rate and infiltration capacity. Encyclopedia of Water. John Wiley and Sons. 10.1002/047147844X  

Holden, J. (2005) Infiltration and soil water processes. Encyclopedia of Water. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 10.1002/047147844X  

Holden, J. (2005) Piping and woody plants in peatlands: cause or effect? Water Resources Research, 41, W06009 DOI: 10.1029/2004WR003909.

Holden, J. (2005) Controls of soil pipe density in blanket peat uplands. Journal of Geophysical Research,110, F010002, DOI: 10.1029/2004JF000143.

*Holden, J. (2017) Catchment Hydrology. In Holden, J. (ed) An introduction to physical geography and the environment. 4th edition. Pearson Education, Harlow. 

Hopp, L. and J.J. McDonnell, 2011. Examining the role of throughfall patterns on subsurface stormflow generation. Journal of Hydrology, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.08.044.  

Huang, C., Gascuel-Odoux, C. and Cros-Cayot, S. (2001) Hillslope topographic and hydrologic effects on overland flow and erosion. Catena, 46, 177-188.

Joel., A, et al. (2002) Measurement of surface water runoff from two plots of different sizes. Hydrological Processes, 16, 1467-1478.

Jones, J.A.A. (1994) Subsurface flow and subsurface erosion. In Stoddart, D.R. (ed) Process and form in Geomorphology, 74-120

Jones, J.A.A. (1979) Extending the Hewlett model of stream runoff generation. Area, 11, 110-114. Available online here.

Jones, J.A.A. (1981) The nature of soil piping: a review of research. British Geomorphological Research Group Monograph Series 3. Geo Books, Norwich.

Jones, J.A.A. (2010) Soil piping and catchment response. Hydrological Processes, 24, 1548-1566.

Ladouche, B., Probst, A., Viville, D., Idir, S., Baque, D., Loubet, M., Probst, J.L., Bariac, T. 2001. Hydrograph separation using isotopic, chemical and hydrological approaches (Stengbach catchment, France). Journal of Hydrology, 242, 255-274.

McCoy, E.L., Boast, C.W., Stehouwer, R.C. and Kladivko, E.J. (1994). Macropore hydraulics: taking a sledgehammer to classical theory. In Lal, R and Stewart, B.A.(Eds) Soil Processes and water quality. Lewis Publishers, London.

*McDonnell, J. J., and K. Beven (2014) Debates—The future of hydrological sciences: A (common) path forward? A call to action aimed at understanding velocities, celerities, and residence time distributions of the headwater hydrograph, Water Resources Research, 50, 53425350, doi:10.1002/2013WR015141.  

*McGuire, K. and J.J. McDonnell, 2010. Hydrological connectivity of hillslopes and stream: Charactersitic timescales and non-linearities. Water Resources Research, 46, W10543, doi:10.1029/2010WR009341.   

Merz, B and Plate, E.J. (1997) An analysis of the effects of spatial variability of soil and soil moisture on runoff. Water Resources Research, 33, 2909-2922.

Meyles, E., Williams, A., Ternan, L., and Dowd, J. (2003) Runoff generation in relation to soil moisture patterns in a small Dartmoor catchment, southwest England. Hydrological Processes, 17, 251264.

Nachabe, M.H., Ahuja, L.R. and Butters, G. (1999) Bromide transport under sprinkler and flood irrigation for no-till soil condition. Journal of Hydrology, 214, 8-17.

Newson, M.D., Baker, A. and Mounsey, S. (2001) The potential role of freshwater luminescence measurements in exploring runoff pathways in upland catchments. Hydrological Processes, 15, 989-1002. 

Onda, Y., Tsujimura, M. and Tabuchi, H. (2004) The role of subsurface water flow paths on hillslope hydrological processes, landslides and landform development in steep mountains of Japan. Hydrological Processes, 18, 637-650.

Parsons, D.F, Hayashi, M. and van der Kamp, G., (2004) Infiltration and solute transport under a seasonal wetland: bromide tracer experiment in Saskatoon, Canada. Hydrological Processes, 18, 2011-2027

Prendergast-Miller MT, Jones DT, Berdeni D, Bird S, Chapman PJ, Firbank L, Grayson R, Holden J, Helgason T, Lapagge M, Leake J, Hodson ME. 2021. Arable fields as potential reservoirs of biodiversity: earthworm populations increase in new leys. Science of the Total Environment.

Smart, R.P., Holden, J., Dinsmore, K., Baird A.J., Billett M.F., Chapman, P.J. and Grayson, R. (2013) The dynamics of natural pipe hydrological behaviour in blanket peat. Hydrological Processes. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.9242 

Soulsby, C. and Dunn, S.M. (2000) Towards integrating tracer studies in conceptual rainfall-runoff models: recent insights from a sub-arctic catchment in the Cairngorm Mountains, Scotland. Hydrological Processes, 17, 403-416.

Soulsby, C., Rodgers, P., Smart, R., Dawson, J and Dunn, S. (2003) A tracer-based assessment of hydrological pathways at different spatial scales in a mesoscale Scottish catchment. Hydrological Processes, 17, 759-777.

Uhlenbrook, S and Hoeg, S. (2003) Quantifying uncertainties in tracer-based hydrograph separations: a case study for two-, three- and five-component hydrograph separations in a mountainous catchment. Hydrological Processes, 17, 431-453.

Veissman, W. (1966) The hydrology of small impervious areas. Water Resources Research, 2, 405412.  

Von Freberg, J et al., (2014) Implications of hydrologic connectivity between hillslopes and riparian zones on streamflow composition. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology. DOI:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2014.07.005

Weiler, M. and Naef, F. (2003) An experimental tracer study of the role of macropores in infiltration in grassland soils. Hydrological Processes, 17, 477-493.

Weyman, D.R. (1973) Measurements of the downslope flow of water in a soil. Journal of Hydrology, 20, 267-288.

Week 4: Unit hydrograph, magnitude and frequency, flood series General

Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2000) Flood estimation handbook. CEH, Wallingford

Dunne, T. and Leopold, L.B. (1978) Water in environmental planning. WH Freeman, San Franciso, 817; Ch8-12.

Jones, J.A.A. (1997) Global hydrology; processes, resources and environmental management. Longman, Harlow.

Kidson, R. and Richards, K.S. (2005) Flood frequency analysis: assumptions and alternatives. Progress in Physical Geography, 29, 392-410. Good critical review of approaches.

*Kjeldsen T.R. 2007 The revitalised FSR/FEH rainfall-runoff method. Flood Estimation Handbook Supplementary Report No. 1, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Wallingford, 2007.  

*Kjeldsen T.R., Jones D.A. & Bayliss A. 2008 Improving the FEH statistical procedures for flood frequency estimation. Final research report to the Environment Agency, R&D project SC050050, CEH Wallingford, 2008.  

Kjeldsen, T. R., Jones, D. A. & Morris, D. G. 2014. Using multiple donor sites for enhanced flood estimation in ungauged catchments. Water Resources Research, 50, 6646-6657.

Kjeldsen, T. R., Macdonald, N., Lang, M., Mediero, L., Albuquerque, T., Bogdanowicz, E., Brazdil, R., Castellarin, A., David, V., Fleig, A., Gul, G. O., Kriauciuniene, J., Kohnova, S., Merz, B., Nicholson, O., Roald, L. A., Salinas, J. L., Sarauskiene, D., Sraj, M., Strupczewski, W., Szolgay, J., Toumazis, A., Vanneuville, W., Veijalainen, N. and Wilson, D., 2014. Documentary evidence of past floods in Europe and their utility in flood frequency estimation. Journal of Hydrology., 517, pp. 963-973.

Kjeldsen, T. R., Miller, J. D., Packman,J. C. 2013 Modelling design flood hydrographs in catchments with mixed urban and rural land cover. Hydrology Research 1 December 2013; 44 (6): 1040–1057. doi:

Parker, J. (2000) Floods, Routledge, London.

Schumm, S. A., and R. W. Lichty. 1965. Time, Space, and Causality in Geomorphology. American Journal of Science. 263, 110-119.

Shaw, E M., Beven, K. J., Chappell, N.A. and Lamb, R. (2010) Hydrology in practice, 4th ed. Spon Press (Taylor and Francis), London.

Smith, K and Ward, R.C. (1998) Floods, Wiley, Chichester.

Svensson, C., & Jones, D. (2010). Review of rainfall frequency estimation methods. Journal of Flood Risk Management, 3(4), 296–313.

Takeuchi, K. (2001) increasing vulnerability to extreme floods and societal needs of hydrological forecasting. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 46, 869-881.

Examples of taking the unit hydrograph forward:

Blair, A., Sanger, D., White, D., Holland, A.F., Vandiver, L., Bowker, C. and White, S. (2014), Quantifying and simulating stormwater runoff in watersheds. Hydrol. Process., 28: 559–569. doi: 10.1002/hyp.9616

Cheng SJ, Wang RY (2002) An approach for evaluating the hydrological effects of urbanization and its application, Hydrological Processes, 16 (7): 1403-1418.

Reed S, Johnson D, Sweeney T (2002) Application and national geographic information system database to support two-year flood and threshold runoff estimates, Journal of Hydrologic engineering 7, 209-219.

Littlewood I. (2001) Practical aspects of calibrating and selecting unit hydrograph-based models for continuous river flow simulation, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 46, 1003-1003

Hall MJ, Zaki AF, Shahin MMA (2001) Regional analysis using the Geomorphoclimatic Instantaneous Unit Hydrograph Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 5, 93-102.

Jain SK, Singh RD, Seth SM (2000) Design flood estimation using GIS supported GIUH approach. Water Resources Management. 14, 369-376.

Yue S, Hashino M (2000) Unit hydrographs to model quick and slow runoff components of streamflow. Journal of Hydrology, 227, 195-206.

Shamseldin AY, Nash JE (1998) The geomorphological unit hydrograph - a critical review Hydrology and Earth Systems Sciences, 2, 1-8.

Jakeman AJ (1996) Unit hydrograph methods and applications. Hydrological Processes. 10 771-771

Duband D, Obled C, Rodriguez JY. (1993)Unit-hydrograph revisited - an alternate iterative approach to UH and effective precipitation identification, Journal of Hydrology, 150, 115-149.

Weeks 6 and 7 Groundwater, infiltration, soil water, Darcy’s Law

Anderson, M.G. and Kneale, P.E. (1987) Instrumentation of pore pressure and soil water suction. In Anderson, M.G. and Richards, K.S. (Eds) Slope Stability, John Wiley and Sons Ltd., Chichester, 77112.

Azevedo, A.S., Kanwar, R.S. and Horton, R. (1998) Effect of cultivation on hydraulic properties of an Iowa soil using tension infiltrometers. Soil Science, 163, 22-29. 

Bromley, J., Robinson, M. and Barker, J.A. (2004) Scale-dependency of hydraulic conductivity: an example from Thorne Moor, a raised mire in South Yorkshire, UK. Hydrological Processes, 18, 973-985.

Burt, T.P and Slattery, M.C (1996) Time dependent changes in soil properties and surface runoff generation. In Anderson, M.G. and Brooks, S.M. (eds) Advances in Hillslope Processes, Wiley, 79-95.

Chappell, N.A. and Ternan, J.L. (1997) Ring permeametry: design, operation and error analysis. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 22, 1197-1205.

Dai, T.S. and Sparling, J.H. (1973) Measurement of hydraulic conductivity of peats. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 53, 21-26.

Freeze, R.A. and Cherry, J.A. (1979) Groundwater. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs.

Foster, I.D.L., Fullen, M.A., Brandsma, R.T. and Chapman, A.S. (2000) Problems and potential of drip-screen rainfall simulators in hydro- and pedo-geomorphological research. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms.  

Holden, J. (2005) Darcy’s Law. Encyclopaedia of Water, Wiley, New York.

Holden, J. (2005) Rain simulation. Encyclopaedia of Water, Wiley, New York

Holden, J. (2005) Infiltrometers. Encyclopaedia of Water, Wiley, New York.  

Holden, J. (2005) Infiltration rate/capacity. Encyclopaedia of Water, Wiley, New York. 10.1002/047147844X  

Holden, J. (2005) Infiltration and soil water processes. Encyclopaedia of Water, Wiley, New York. 10.1002/047147844X  

Holden, J. and Burt, T.P. (2002) Infiltration, runoff and sediment production in blanket peat catchments: implications of field rainfall simulation experiments. Hydrological Processes, 16, 2537-2557

Holden, J. and Burt, T.P. (2003) Hydraulic conductivity in upland blanket peat; measurement and variability. Hydrological Processes, 17, 1227-1237.

Imeson, A.C. and Kwaad, F.J.P.M. (1990) The response of tilled soils to wetting by rainfall and the dynamic character of soil erodibility. In Boardman, J. Foster, I.D.L and Dearing, J.A. (eds) Soil erosion on agricultural land, John Wiley and Sons. 

Jones, S.B. et al (2002) Time domain reflectrometry measurement principles and applications. Hydrological Processes, 16, 141-153.

Price, M. (2002) Introducing Groundwater. Nelson Thornes, Cheltenham.

Soffregen, H., Yaramanci, U., Zenker, T., and Wessolek, G. (2002) Accuracy of soil water content measurements using GPR: comparison of GPR and lysimeter data. Journal of Hydrology, 267, 201-206.

Todd, D.K. (1980) Groundwater hydrology. Wiley, New York.

Tokunaga, T.K (2011) Physicochemical controls on adsorbed water film thickness in unsaturated geological media. Water Resources Research, doi 10.1029/2011WR010676.

Ward, R.C. and Robinson, M. (2000) Principles of Hydrology, McGraw-Hill, London 

Walker, J.P., Houser, P.R. and Willgoose, G.R., (2004) Active microwave remote sensing for soil moisture measurement: a field evaluation using ERS-2. Hydrological Processes, 11, 1975-1997. [Information on the Central Arizona Project]  

Week 8. Flooding and river engineering

Bernhardt, E. S., Palmer, M. A., Allan, J. D., Alexander, G., Barnas, K., Brooks, S., Carr, J., Clayton, S., Dahm, C., Follstad-Shah, J., Galat, D., Gloss, S., Goodwin, P., Hart, D., Hassett, B., Jenkinson, R., Katz, S., Kondolf, G. M., Lake, P. S., Lave, R., Meyer, J. L., O'donnell, T. K., Pagano, L., Powell, B. & Sudduth, E. (2005) Synthesizing US River Restoration Efforts. Science, 308, 636-637.

Bernhardt, E. S., Sudduth, E. B., Palmer, M. A., Allan, J. D., Meyer, J. L., Alexander, G., FollastadShah, J., Hassett, B., Jenkinson, R., Lave, R., Rumps, J. & Pagano, L. (2007) Restoring Rivers One Reach At A Time: Results From A Survey Of US River Restoration Practitioners. Restoration Ecology, 15, 482-493.

Beven, K. (1987) Towards The Use Of Catchment Geomorphology In Flood Frequency Predictions. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 12, 69-82. 

Boon, P., Calow, P And Petts, G. (Eds) (1992) River Conservation And Management. Wiley, Chichester

Brierley, G., Reid, H., Fryirs, K. & Trahan, N. (2010) What Are We Monitoring And Why? Using Geomorphic Principles To Frame Eco-Hydrological Assessments Of River Condition. Science Of The Total Environment, 408, 2025-2033.

Brizga, S. And Finlayson, B. Eds (1998) River Management; The Australasian Experience.

Brookes, A.M. (1995) Challenges And Objectives For Geomorphology In UK River Management. Earth Surface Processes And Landforms, 20, 593-610.

Brookes, A. (1987) Channelized Rivers: Perspectives For Environmental Management. Wiley, Chichester.

Brookes, A.M. (1985) River Channelization: Traditional Engineering Methods, Physical Consequences And Alternative Practices. Progress In Physical Geography, 9, 44-73. 

Brookes, A.M. (1985) Downstream Morphological Consequences Of River Channelization In England And Wales. Geography Journal, 151, 57-62.

Brookes, A. And Shields F. D. (1996). River Channel Restoration : Guiding Principles For Sustainable Projects Wiley, Chichester. 

Burt, T.P. (2001) Integrated Management Of Sensitive Catchment Systems. Catena, 42, 275-290.

Centre For Ecology and Hydrology (2000) Flood Estimation Handbook. CEH, Wallingford 

Criss Re And Shock El (2001) Flood Enhancement Through Flood Control, Geology, 29 875-878.

De Waal, Lc., Large A.R.G., And Wade Pm. 1998. Rehabilitation Of Rivers: Principles And Implementation. New York : Wiley.

Eden, S. & Tunstall, S. (2006) Ecological Versus Social Restoration? How Urban River Restoration Challenges But Also Fails To Challenge The Science-Policy Nexus In The United Kingdom. Environment and Planning C -Government and Policy, 24, 661-680.

Gilvear, D. (2012) Fluvial Geomorphology And River Management. In Holden J. (2012) Ed. An Introduction To Physical Geography And The Environment. 3rd Edition, Pearson, Harlow.

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Newson, M. (2010) Understanding 'Hot-Spot' Problems In Catchments: The Need For Scale-Sensitive Measures And Mechanisms To Secure Effective Solutions For River Management And Conservation. Aquatic Conservation-Marine And Freshwater Ecosystems, 20, S62-S72.

Newson, M.D. And Newson, C.L. (2000) Geomorphology, Ecology And River Channel Habitat: Mesoscale Approaches To Basin-Scale Challenges. Progress In Physical Geography, 24, 195-217.

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Wheaton, J., S. Darby, D. Sear, J. Milne (2006). ‘Does Scientific Conjecture Accurately Describe Restoration Practice? Insight From An International River Restoration Survey.’ Area 38, 128–42.

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Wyzga B (2001) A Geomorphologist's Criticism Of The Engineering Approach To Channelization Of Gravel-Bed Rivers: Case Study Of The Raba River, Polish Carpathians. Environmental Management 28, 341-358.

Week 9 River basins and environmental change* check for updates in week 8

Climate change

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Holden, J. and Rose, R. (2011) Temperature and surface lapse rate change: a study of the UK’s longest upland instrumental record. International Journal of Climatology, 31, 907919doi:10.1002/joc.213

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Land management

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Federoff, N.V. et al. 2010. Radically rethinking agriculture for the 21st Century. Science 327: 833-834.

O’Connell, E., Ewen, J. O’Donnell, G., and Quinn, P. (2007) Is there a link between agricultural landuse management and flooding? Hydrology and Earth Systems Science, 11, 96-107.

Papanicolaou, A.N. (2015) Spatial variability of saturated hydraulic conductivity at the hillslope scale: Understanding the role of land management and erosional effect. Geoderma, 243, 58-68.

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Withers, P.J.A. and Lord, E.I. (2002) Agricultural nutrient inputs to rivers and groundwater in the UK: policy, environmental management and research needs. The Science of the Total Environment, 282-283, 9-24.

Wilby, R.L (1997) Contemporary Hydrology: towards holistic environmental science. Wiley, Chichester.

Upland drainage case study

Archer, D. (2003) Scale effects on the hydrological impact of upland afforestation and drainage using indices of flow variability; the River Irthing, England. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7, 325-338.

Armstrong A., J. Holden, P. Kay, A.T. McDonald, S. Gledhill, M. Foulger and A.Walker (2009) Drain blocking techniques on blanket peat: a framework for best practice. Journal of Environmental Management, 90, 3512-3519.

Astrom, M. Aaltonen, E.K. and Koivusaari, J., 2001: Impact of ditching in a small forested catchment on concentrations of suspended material, organic carbon, hydrogen ions and metals in stream water. Aquatic Geochemistry 7, 57-73.

Ballard, C.E., McIntyre, N., Wheater, H.S, Holden, J. and Wallage, Z.E. (2011) Hydrological modelling of drained blanket peat. Submitted to Journal of Hydrology, 407, 81-93, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.07.005

Beven, K. (2001) On explanatory depth and predictive power. Hydrological Processes, 15, 3069-3072

Biemans, H., et al (2009) Effects of precipitation uncertainty on discharge calculations in main river basins. Journal of Hydrometeorology 10, 1011-1025.

Evans, M.G., Burt, T.P., Holden, J. and Adamson, J. (1999) Runoff generation and water table fluctuations in blanket peat: evidence from UK data spanning the dry summer of 1995. Journal of Hydrology, 221, 141-160.

Gao, J. Holden, J. Kirkby, M.J. 2016 The impact of land-cover change on flood peaks in peatland basins. Water Resources Research, 52 pp. 3477-3492

Grayson, R., Holden, J. and Rose, R. (2010) Long-term change in storm hydrographs in response to peatland vegetation change. Journal of Hydrology, 389, 336-343.

Holden, J. (2005) Controls on soil pipe frequency in upland blanket peat. Journal of Geophysical Research: earth surfaces.

Holden, J and Burt, T.P. (2002) Laboratory experiments on drought and runoff in blanket peat. European Journal of Soil Science, 53, 675-689.

Holden, J. and Burt, T.P. (2003) Runoff production in blanket peat covered catchments. Water Resources Research, 39, 1191, 10.1029/2003WR002067.

Holden, J. and Rose, R. (2011) Temperature and surface lapse rate change: a study of the UK’s longest upland instrumental record. International Journal of Climatology, 31, 907-919. doi:10.1002/joc.2136

Holden, J., Chapman, P.J. and Labadz, J.C. (2004) Artificial drainage of peatlands: Hydrological process and wetland restoration. Progress in Physical Geography, 28, 95-123.

Holden, J., Burt, T.P., Evans, M.G. and Horton, M. (2006) Impact of land drainage on peatland hydrology. Journal of Environmental Quality, 35, 1764-1778, doi:10.2134/jeq2005.0477

Holden, J., Gascoign, M. and Bosanko, N.R. (2007) Erosion and natural revegetation associated with surface land drains in upland peatlands. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 32, 1547-155

Holden, J., Shotbolt, L., Bonn, A., Burt, T.P., Chapman, P.J., Dougill, A.J., Fraser, E.D.G., Hubacek, K., Irvine, B., Kirkby, M.J., Reed, M.S., Prell, C., Stagl, S., Stringer, L.C., Turner, A., Worrall, F. (2007) Environmental change in moorland landscapes. Earth-Science Reviews, 82, 75-100 

Holden, J, Wallage, Z.E., Lane, S.N and McDonald, A.T. (2011) Water table dynamics in drained and restored blanket peat. Journal of Hydrology, 402, 103-114.

Holden, J., Green, SM, Baird, AJ, Grayson, RP, Dooling, GP, Chapman, PJ, Evans, CD, Peacock, M., Swindles, G. (2016) The impact of ditch blocking on the hydrological functioning of blanket peatlands. Hydrological Processes, doi: 10.1002/hyp.11031

Kopf, R. K., Finlayson, C.M., Humphries, P., Sims, N.C., Hladyz, S. 2015. Anthropocene Baselines: Assessing Change and Managing Biodiversity in Human-Dominated Aquatic Ecosystems. Bioscience. 65(8): 798-811.

Lane, S.N., Brookes, C.J., Kirkby, M.J. and Holden, J. (2004) A network index based version of Topmodel for use with high resolution digital topographic data. Hydrological Processes, 18, 191201.

Lanni C., R. Rigon and J.J. McDonnell, 2011. On the relative role of upslope and downslope topography for describing water flowpath and storage dynamics: a theoretical analysis. Hydrological Processes, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.8263.  

Ramchunder, S.J., Brown, L.E. and Holden, J. (2012) Catchment-scale peatland restoration benefits stream ecosystem biodiversity. Journal of Applied Ecology, 49, 182-191. DOI: 10.1111/j.13652664.2011.02075.x

Robroek, B.M.J., Smart, R.P., Holden, J. (2010) Sensitivity of blanket peat vegetation and hydrochemistry to local disturbances. Science of the Total Environment 408, 5028-5034.

Robinson, M. 1986: Changes in catchment runoff following drainage and afforestation. Journal of Hydrology, 86, 71-84.

Seibert, J. and J.J, McDonnell 2010. Land-cover impacts on streamflow: a change detection modelling approach that incorporates parameter uncertainty. Hydrological Sciences, 55(3): 316332.  

Seo, D.J. and Smith, J.A. (1996) On the relationship between catchment scale and climatological variability of surface-runoff volume. Water Resources Research, 32, 633-643.  

Soulsby, C et al (2006). Scaling up and out in runoff process understanding: insights from nested experimental catchment studies. Hydrological Processes, 20, 2461-2465.

Stewart, A.J.A. and Lance, A.N. 1983: Moor-draining: A review of impacts on land use. Journal of Environmental Management, 17, 81-99.   

Stewart, A.J.A. and Lance, A.N. 1991: Effects of moor-draining on the hydrology and vegetation of northern Pennine blanket bog. Journal of Applied Ecology, 28, 1105-1117.

Uchida, T, Asano, Y., Onda, Y., Miyata, S. (2005) Are headwaters just the sum of hillslopes? Hydrological Processes, 19, 3251-3261.

Wallage, Z.E. and Holden, J. (2010) Spatial and temporal variability in the relationship between water colour and dissolved organic carbon concentrations in blanket peat pore waters. Science of the Total Environment 408, 6235-6242. 

Wallage, Z.E., Holden, J. and McDonald, A.T. (2006) Drain blocking is an effective treatment for reducing dissolved organic carbon loss and water colour in peatlands. The Science of the Total Environment 367, 811-821

Wallage, Z.E. and Holden, J. (2011) Near-surface macropore flow and saturated hydraulic conductivity in drained and restored blanket peatlands. Soil Use and Management, 27, 247-254. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-2743.2011.00336.x 

Wilson, L., Wilson, J., Holden, J., Johnstone, I., Morris, M. and Armstrong, A. (2010) Recovery of water tables in Welsh blanket bog after drain-blocking: discharge rates, timescales and the influence of local conditions. Journal of Hydrology, 391, 377-386.

Wilson, L., Wilson, J. M., Johnstone, I., Holden, J., Armstrong, A. & Morris, M. (2011) The impact of drain blocking on an upland blanket bog during storm and drought events, and the importance of sampling-scale. Journal of Hydrology, 404, 198-208, doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.04.030

Wilson, L., Wilson, J., Holden, J., Johnstone, I., Armstrong, A., Morris, M. (2011) Ditch blocking, water chemistry and organic carbon flux: evidence that blanket bog restoration reduces erosion and fluvial carbon loss. Science of the Total Environment, 409, 2010-2018.

Worrall, F., Armstrong, A. and Holden, J. (2007) Short-term impact of peat drain-blocking on water colour, dissolved organic carbon concentration and water table depth. Journal of Hydrology, 337, 315-325

Wilson, L., Wilson, J., Holden, J., Johnstone, I., Morris, M. and Armstrong, A. (2010) Recovery of water tables in Welsh blanket bog after drain-blocking: discharge rates, timescales and the influence of local conditions. Journal of Hydrology, 391, 377-386.

This list was last updated on 17/09/2021