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Revolution and Reaction - Reading List

Revolution and Reaction: Political Problems in the 20th Century, 2021/22, Semester 1
Dr Graham Smith/ Dr Jonathan Dean
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue


Week 1: Gaetano Mosca: Theories of the Elite

Key Reading:

Mosca G. 1896. The ruling class. Chapter 2 'The ruling class'.   

If you have time (and you are interested in elite theory) then you might also try reading some Michels. Michels was influenced by Mosca and found (to his horror) that Mosca's principles were true of even places where you would not expect them to be, and where people conciousnly worked against them: socialist political parties.

Michels, R. 1911. Political Parties. Part 1 'Leadership in democratic organizations'.

Further Reading:

Breines , W. Community and Organization: The New Left and Michels' "Iron Law"Social problems. ISSN: 0037-7791, Vol. 27, No. 4 (Apr., 1980), pp. 419-429. Stable URL:

Cook, PJ. Robert Michels's Political Parties in PerspectiveThe Journal of politics. ISSN: 0022-3816; 1468-2508, Vol. 33, No. 3 (Aug., 1971), pp. 773-796. Stable URL:

Cook, TI. Gaetano Mosca's "The Ruling Class", Political science quarterly. ISSN: 0032-3195 Vol. 54, No. 3 (Sep., 1939), pp. 442-447. Stable URL:

Finocchiaro, MA. Beyond right and left : democratic elitism in Mosca and GramsciNew Haven, Conn. ; London : Yale University Press, 1999. Chapter 2 offers a very clear account of Mosca's main ideas.

Hands, G. Roberto Michels and the Study of Political PartiesBritish journal of political science. ISSN: 0007-1234, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Apr., 1971), pp. 155-172. Stable URL:

Huges, HS. 'Gaetano Mosca and the Political Lessons of History' in Hughes HS Teachers of history ; essays in honor of Laurence Bradford Packard ISBN: 083692164X, Books for Libraries Press : Freeport, 1971.

Hughes, HS. Consciousness and society : the reorientation of European social thought, 1890-1930 Vintage Books : New York, 1958. The chapter on 'The Heirs of Machivelli' discusses the relationship between Mosca, Michels, and Pareto.

Kolegar, F. The Elite and the Ruling Class: Pareto and Mosca Re-ExaminedThe review of politics. ISSN: 0034-6705; 1748-6858, Vol. 29, No. 3 (Jul., 1967), pp. 354-369. Stable URL:

Marx, FM. The Bureaucratic State: Some Remarks on Mosca's Ruling ClassThe review of politics. ISSN: 0034-6705; 1748-6858, Vol. 1, No. 4 (Oct., 1939), pp. 457-472. Stable URL:

May, JD. Democracy, Organization, MichelsThe American political science review. ISSN: 0003-0554, Vol. 59, No. 2 (Jun., 1965), pp. 417-429. Stable URL:

Meisel, JH. The myth of the ruling class : Gaetano Mosca and the "elite".Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press, 1958. This is the seminal study. Chapter 6 will be especially useful.

Nye, RA. The anti-democratic sources of elite theory : Pareto, Mosca, Michels. London ; Beverly Hills : SAGE, 1977. Chpater 2.

Scaff, LA. Max Weber and Robert MichelsAmerican Journal of Sociology. ISSN: 0002-9602, Vol. 86, No. 6 (May, 1981), pp. 1269-1286. Stable URL:

Sereno, R. Note on Gaetano MoscaThe American political science review. ISSN: 0003-0554, Vol. 46, No. 2 (Jun., 1952), pp. 603-605. Stable URL:

Zuckerman, A. The Concept "Political Elite": Lessons from Mosca and ParetoThe Journal of politics. ISSN: 0022-3816; 1468-2508, Vol. 39, No. 2 (May, 1977), pp. 324-344. Stable URL:


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Week 2: VI Lenin: Revolutionary Violence and the Workers' State

Key Reading:

Lenin, VI. 1917. The state and revolution. Chapter 1 ‘Class society and the state' and chapter 5 ‘The economic basis for the withering away of the state’.   

Further Reading:

Baishya, P. Lenin and Revolution: A Comment, Economic and political weekly., Vol. 4, No. 51 (December 20, 1969), pp. 1959-1962. Stable URL:

Barany, Z. The 'Volatile' Marxian Concept of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat, Studies in east European thought., Vol. 49, No. 1 (Mar., 1997), pp. 1-21. Stable URL:

Barfield, R. Lenin's Utopianism: State and Revolution, Slavic review., Vol. 30, No. 1 (Mar., 1971), pp. 45-56. Stable URL:

Evans, AB. Rereading Lenin's State and Revolution, Slavic review., Vol. 46, No. 1 (Spring, 1987), pp. 1-19. Stable URL:

Getzler, I. Lenin's Conception of Revolution As Civil War, The Slavonic and East European review., Vol. 74, No. 3 (Jul., 1996), pp. 464-472. Stable URL:

Kingston-Mann, E. Lenin and the problem of Marxist peasant revolution. New York : Oxford University Press, 1983.

Levine, N. Lenin's Utopianism, Studies in Soviet thought., Vol. 30, No. 2 (Aug., 1985), pp. 95-107. Stable URL:

Lovell, DW. From Marx to Lenin : an evaluation of Marx's responsibility for Soviet authoritarianism. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Mayer, R. Lenin and the Jacobin Identity in Russia, Studies in east European thought., Vol. 51, No. 2 (Jun., 1999), pp. 127-154. Stable URL:

Mayer, R. The Dictatorship of the Proletariat from Plekhanov to Lenin, Studies in east European thought., Vol. 45, No. 4 (Dec., 1993), pp. 255-280. Stable URL:

Polan, AJ. Lenin and the end of politics. London : Methuen, 1984.

Ree, E Van. Socialism in One Country: A Reassessment, Studies in east European thought., Vol. 50, No. 2 (Jun., 1998), pp. 77-117. Stable URL:

Ryan, J. ‘Revolution is War’: The Development of the Thought of V. I. Lenin on Violence, 1899–1907, The Slavonic and East European review., Vol. 89, No. 2 (April 2011), pp. 248-273. Stable URL:

Sen, M. Lenin and Revolution, Economic and political weekly., Vol. 4, No. 31 (August 2, 1969), pp. 1271-1276. Stable URL:

Shukman, H. Lenin and the Russian Revolution. London : Longman, 1977.

Singh, R. Restoring Revolutionary Theory: Towards an Understanding of Lenin's "The State and Revolution", Economic and political weekly., Vol. 24, No. 43 (Oct. 28, 1989), pp. 2431-2433. Stable URL:

Singh, R. Violence in the Leninist Revolution, Economic and political weekly., Vol. 25, No. 52 (Dec. 29, 1990), pp. 2843-2845+ 2847-2851+ 2853-2856. Stable URL:

Theen, RHW. Lenin : genesis and development of a revolutionary. Princeton, N.J. ; Guildford : Princeton University Press, 1979.


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Week 3: Carl Schmitt: Dictatorship, Democracy, and Political Will

Key Reading:

Schmitt, C. The crisis of parliamentary democracy. Chapter 1 ‘Democracy and parliamentarianism' and chapter 2 ‘The principles of parliamentarianism'    

Further Reading:

Bendersky, JW. Carl Schmitt : theorist for the Reich. Princeon, N.J. : Princeton University Press, 1983. Chapters 2 and 4 are especially useful OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (GW 09/10/2017) .

Bobbio, N. Liberalism and democracy. London : Verso, 2005. This book is not primarily about Schmitt but it expalins the tension between liberalism and democracy which is a central theme of Schmitt's The crisis of parliamentary democracy.

Camus, A& Storme, T. ‘Schmitt and Tocqueville on the Future of the Political in Democratic Times’, The review of politics., Vol. 74, No. 4 (FALL 2012), pp. 659-684 Available online .

Cristi, FR. ‘Hayek and Schmitt on the Rule of Law’, Canadian journal of political science = Revue canadienne de science politique, Vol. 17, No. 3 (Sep., 1984), pp. 521-535. Stable URL:

Cristi, R. Carl Schmitt and authoritarian liberalism : strong state, free economy. Cardiff : University of Wales Press, 1998.

Dyzenhaus, D. Law as politics : Carl Schmitt's critique of liberalism. Durham, NC : Duke University Press, 1998. The chapters by Leydet and Mehring will be of interest.

McCormick, JP. Carl Schmitt's critique of liberalism : against politics as technology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997. Chapter 4 is especially useful OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (GW 09/10/2017) 

Mouffe, C. The challenge of Carl Schmitt. London : Verso, 1999. Chapters 3 and 8 are especially useful OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (GW 09/10/2017) .

Müller, J-W. A dangerous mind : Carl Schmitt in post-war European thought. New Haven : Yale University Press, 2003.

Scheuerman, WE. ‘Carl Schmitt's Critique of Liberal Constitutionalism’, The review of politics., Vol. 58, No. 2 (Spring, 1996), pp. 299-322. Stable URL:

Schmitt, C. The concept of the political. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, c1996.

Schmitt, C. The Leviathan in the state theory of Thomas Hobbes : meaning and failure of a political symbol. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1996.

Shapiro, K. Carl Schmitt and the intensification of politics. Lanham ; Plymouth : Rowman & Littlefield, 2008.

Slomp, G. Carl Schmitt and the politics of hostility, violence and terror. Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Smith, GM. Friendship and the political : Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Schmitt. Exeter : Imprint Academic, 2011.

Vatter, M. ‘The Idea of Public Reason and the Reason of State: Schmitt and Rawls on the Political’, Political theory., Vol. 36, No. 2 (Apr., 2008), pp. 239-271. Stable URL:

Wolin, R. ‘Carl Schmitt: The Conservative Revolutionary Habitus and the Aesthetics of Horror’, Political theory., Vol. 20, No. 3 (Aug., 1992), pp. 424-447. Stable URL:

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Week 4: Hannah Arendt: Revolution and New Beginnings

Key Reading:

Arendt, H. On Revolution. Chapter 1 'The Meaning of Revolution'. London : Penguin, 2006.     OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (afp 28/01/2021) 

Further Reading:

Bradshaw, L. Acting and thinking : the political thought of Hannah Arendt. Toronto ; London : University of Toronto Press, 1989.

Canovan, M. ‘Arendt, Rousseau, and Human Plurality in Politics’, The Journal of politics., Vol. 45, No. 2 (May, 1983), pp. 286-302. Stable URL:

Canovan, M. Hannah Arendt : a reinterpretation of her political thought. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Chiba, S. ‘Hannah Arendt on Love and the Political: Love, Friendship, and Citizenship’, The review of politics., Vol. 57, No. 3 (Summer, 1995), pp. 505-535. Stable URL:

Cooper, LA. ‘Hannah Arendt's Political Philosophy: An Interpretation’, The review of politics., Vol. 38, No. 2 (Apr., 1976), pp. 145-176. Stable URL:

Hansen, P. Hannah Arendt : politics, history and citizenship. Cambridge : Polity, 1993.

Honig, B. ‘Declarations of Independence: Arendt and Derrida on the Problem of Founding a Republic’, The American political science review., Vol. 85, No. 1 (Mar., 1991), pp. 97-113. Stable URL:

Kateb, G. Hannah Arendt : politics, conscience, evil. Oxford : Robertson, 1984, c1983.

King, RH. ‘Endings and Beginnings: Politics in Arendt's Early Thought’, Political theory., Vol. 12, No. 2 (May, 1984), pp. 235-251. Stable URL:

Mayer, R. ‘Arendt, National Socialism and the Project of Foundation’, The review of politics., Vol. 53, No. 3 (Summer, 1991), pp. 469-487. Stable URL:

Mayer, RC. ‘Hannah Arendt, Leninism, & the Disappearance of Authority’, Polity, Vol. 24, No. 3 (Spring, 1992), pp. 399-416. Stable URL:

Norris, A. ‘Arendt, Kant, and the Politics of Common Sense’, Polity, Vol. 29, No. 2 (Winter, 1996), pp. 165-191. Stable URL:

Parekh, B. Hannah Arendt and the search for a new political philosophy. London : Macmillan, 1981.

Reshaur, K. ‘Concepts of Solidarity in the Political Theory of Hannah Arendt’, Canadian journal of political science = Revue canadienne de science politique., Vol. 25, No. 4 (Dec., 1992), pp. 723-736. Stable URL:

Swift, S. Hannah Arendt. London : Routledge, 2009.

Villa, D. The Cambridge companion to Hannah Arendt. Cambridge, U.K. ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Villa, DR. Politics, philosophy, terror : essays on the thought of Hannah Arendt. Princeton, N.J. ; Chichester : Princeton University Press, 1999.

Young-Bruehl, E. Why Arendt matters. New Haven : Yale University Press, 2006

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Week 5: Albert Camus: Nihilism, Rebellion, and Murder

Key Reading:

Camus, A. The Rebel. Chapter 1 ‘The rebel' and chapter 5 ‘Thought at the meridian’ OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (GW 09/10/2017)  .   

Further Reading:

Bree, G. Camus and Sartre : crisis and commitment. London : Calder and Boyars, 1974.

Camus, A. The myth of Sisyphus. Harmondsworth : Penguin, 1975.

Camus, A. 2013. Algerian chronicles. London: Belknap Press.

Cruickshank, J. Albert Camus and the literature of revolt. New York : Galaxy/Oxford University Press, 1960.

Carroll, D. Albert Camus the Algerian : colonialism, terrorism, justice. New York ; Chichester : Columbia University Press, 2007.

Foley, J. Albert Camus : from the absurd to revolt. Stocksfield : Acumen, 2008.

Gargan, ET. ‘Revolution and Morale in the Formative Thought of Albert Camus’, The review of politics., Vol. 25, No. 4, Twenty-Fifth Anniversary Issue (Oct., 1963), pp. 483-496. Stable URL:

* Hayden, P. Camus and the challenge of political thought : between despair and hope. UK : Palgrave Macmillan. [This is a very accessible book which will be of help on all aspects of Camus' political thought including the absurd, rebellion, and solidarity.]

Hochberg, H. ‘Albert Camus and the Ethic of Absurdity’, Ethics., Vol. 75, No. 2 (Jan., 1965), pp. 87-102. Stable URL:

Honeywell, JA. ‘Revolution: Its Potentialities and Its Degradations’, Ethics., Vol. 80, No. 4 (Jul., 1970), pp. 251-265. Stable URL:

Hoy, T. ‘Albert Camus: The Nature of Political Rebellion’, Western political quarterly., Vol. 13, No. 3 (Sep., 1960), pp. 573-580. Stable URL:

Hughes, EJ. The Cambridge companion to Camus. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Margerrison, C., Mark, O., and Lincoln, L. Albert Camus in the 21st century : a reassessment of his thinking at the dawn of the new millennium. Amsterdam : Rodopi, 2008.

Maze, JR. Albert Camus : plague and terror, priest and atheist. Bern ; Oxford : Peter Lang, 2010.

O'Brien, CC. Camus. London : Fontana, 1970.

Robinson, CC. ‘Theorizing Politics after Camus’, Human Studies., Vol. 32, No. 1 (Mar., 2009), pp. 1-18. Stable URL:

Roth, L. ‘A Contemporary Moralist: Albert Camus’, Philosophy., Vol. 30, No. 115 (Oct., 1955), pp. 291-303. Stable URL:

Smith, RW. ‘Redemption and Politics’, Political science quarterly., Vol. 86, No. 2 (Jun., 1971), pp. 205-231. Stable URL:

Sprintzen, D. Camus, a critical examination. Philadelphia : Temple University Press, 1988.

Stern, D. ‘The Fellowship of Men That Die: The Legacy of Albert Camus’, Cardozo studies in law and literature., Vol. 10, No. 2, Tenth Anniversary Volume (Winter, 1998), pp. 183-198. Stable URL:

Thody, PMW. Albert Camus. Basingstoke : Macmillan, 1989.

Thorson, TL. ‘Albert Camus and the Rights of Man’, Ethics., Vol. 74, No. 4 (Jul., 1964), pp. 281-291. Stable URL:

Willhoite, FH Jr. ‘Albert Camus' Politics of Rebellion’, Western political quarterly., Vol. 14, No. 2 (Jun., 1961), pp. 400-414. Stable URL:

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Week 6: Frantz Fanon: Decolononization and the Question of Violence

Key Reading:

Frantz Fanon. 1961 . The Wretched of the Earth. Penguin, chapter 1 'concerning violence'.

Further Reading:

Alessandrini, Anthony (ed). 1999. Frantz Fanon : critical perspectives. London: Routledge.

Burke III, E. 'Frantz Fanon's "The Wretched of the Earth"', Daedalus., Vol. 105, No. 1, 1976, pp. 127-135. [Offers a short overview of the work as a whole]

Cherki, Alice. 2006. Frantz Fanon : a portrait. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Nayar, Pramod K. 2012. Frantz Fanon. Routledge.

Gibson, Nigel C. 2003. Fanon : the postcolonial imagination. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Gibson, Nigel C. (ed.). 1999. Rethinking Fanon : the continuing dialogue. Amherst, NY: Humanity Books.

Gibson, Nigel C. 2011. Living Fanon : global perspectives. Palgrave MacMillan.

Gordon, Lewis R. 1995. Fanon and the crisis of European man : an essay on philosophy and the human sciences. New York: Routledge.

Gordon, Lewis R., T. Denean Sharpley-Whiting, and Renée T. White (eds.). 1996. Fanon : a critical reader. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 1996.

Gordon, Lewis. 2015. What Fanon said : a philosophical introduction to his life and thought. Hurst and Co.

Hoppe, Elizabeth A. and Tracey Nicholls (eds.). 2010. Fanon and the decolonization of philosophy. Lexington Books.

Hudis, Peter. 2015. Frantz Fanon : philosopher of the barricades. Pluto Press.

Lee, Christopher. 2015. Frantz Fanon : toward a revolutionary humanism. Ohio University Press.

Rabaka, Reiland. 2010. Forms of Fanonism : Frantz Fanon's critical theory and the dialectics of decolonization. Lexington.

T. Denean Sharpley-Whiting. 1998. Frantz Fanon : conflicts and feminisms. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

Sajed, Alina. 2013. 'Fanon, Camus and the Global Colour Line: Colonial Difference and the Rise of Decolonial Horizons'. Cambridge Review of International Affairs 26(1): 5-26.

Sartre, Jean-Paul. 1961. Preface to ' The wretched of the earth '.

Siebert, Renate. 1997. Frantz Fanon, colonialism and alienation : concerning Frantz Fanon's political theory Monthly Review Press.

Youssef, HA and Fadl, SA. 'Frantz Fanon and political psychiatry', History of Psychiatry, No.7, (1996), pp. 525-532. [A short article which explains the connection between politics and psychology and Fanon's contribution to this].

Zahar, Renate. Frantz Fanon, colonialism and alienation : concerning Frantz Fanon's political theory. New York: Monthly Review Press.

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Week 7: Louis Althusser: Class Struggle and Ideology

Key Reading:

Louis Althusser. 1970. Ideology and Ideological State Apparatus: Notes Towards an Investigation. In Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays and available online here:  

Further Reading:

Louis Althusser. 2014. On the reproduction of capitalism : ideology and ideological state apparatuses. London. Verso.

Benton, Ted, 1984. The rise and fall of structural Marxism : Althusser and his influence, London: McMillan

Ted Benton. 2008. 'Louis Althusser', in Rob Stones (ed). Key Sociological Thinkers (2nd edition). Palgrave MacMillan. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (GW 09/10/2017) 

Perry Anderson. 1976. Considerations on Western Marxism. Verso.

Callinicos, Alex, 1976. Althusser's Marxism, London: Pluto Press.

Elliot, Gregory (ed.), 1994. Althusser : a critical reader, Oxford: Blackwell.

Elliot, Gregory. 1987. Althusser : the detour of theory. New York: Verso

Ferretter, Luke, Louis Althusser. London: Routledge, 2006

Geras, Norman. 1972. 'Althusser's Marxism: An Account and Assessment'', New Left Review, No. 71, January–February 1972, pp. 57–86

Haider, Asad. 2018. 'A New Practice of Politics: Althusser and Marxist Philosophy'.

Lewis, William S., 2005. Louis Althusser and the traditions of French Marxism, Lanham: Lexinton Books

David McLellan. 2007. Marxism After Marx (4th edition). Palgrave MacMillan.

Montag, Warren, 2002. Louis Althusser, New York: Palgrave

Montag, Warren. 2013. Althusser and His ComntemporariesDurham: Duke University Press.

Resch, Robert Paul. 1992. Althusser and the Renewal of Marxist Social Theory. Berkeley:  University of California Press

Smith, Steven, 1984. Reading Althusser : an essay on structural Marxism, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Sprinker, Michael, 1995. “The Legacies of Althusser,” Yale French studies., 88: 201–225

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Week 8: Kate Millett: Patriarchy and Sexual Politics

Key Reading:

Kate Millett. 1970. Sexual Politics. London: Virago, chapter 2 'theory of sexual politics'. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva   

Further Reading:

Valerie Bryson. 2003. Feminist Political Theory. Palgrave Macmillan (chapter 10).

Chris Corrin. 1999. Feminist perspectives on politics Longman.

Robin Morgan (eds). 1970. Sisterhood is powerful : an anthology of writings from the women's liberation movement Vintage.

Koedt, A, Levine, E and A Rapone (eds) (1973) Radical feminism (Quadrangle Books)

Kymlicka, W. 2002. Contemporary Political Philosophy- An Introduction. Oxford- Oxford University Press. 2nd edition, chapter 9 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (GW 09/10/2017) .

Hansich, Carol. 1969. 'The Personal is Political'. Accessible here:

Squires, J (1999) Gender in political theory Cambridge: Polity Press.

Sylvia Walby. 1990. Theorizing patriarchy. Blackwell.


Ellen Willis. 1984. ‘Radical Feminism and Feminist Radicalism’. Social text. 9/10: 91-118 .

Evans, Mary (ed.). The woman question : readings on the subordination of women. Oxford: Fontana.

Acker, J. 1989: “The Problem With Patriarchy.” Sociology.., 23 (2): 235-240.

Hartmann, Heidi (1979). ‘The Unhappy Marriage of Marxism and Feminism: toward a more progressive union’. Capital & class. 3 (2): 1-33.

Acker, J. The Problem With Patriarchy, Sociology., Vol. 23, No. 2, (May, 1989), pp. 235-240.

Clough, PT. The Hybrid Criticism of Patriarchy: Rereading Millett, The sociological quarterly., Vol.35, No.3 (Aug, 1994), pp. 473-486.

Gottfried, H. Beyond Patriarchy? Theorising Gender and Class, Sociology., Vol. 32, No. 3, (August, 1998), pp. 451-468.

Hesford, Victoria. 2016. 'Kate Millett'. In Lori Marso (ed.). Fifty-One Key Feminist ThinkersLondon: Routledge.

Cynthia J. Huyink (1979) A Dramatistic Analysis of Sexual Politics by Kate Millett, Women's Studies in Communication, 3:1, 1-6, Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Millett, K. What Is To Be Done? Chicago-Kent Law Review, Vol. 75, No. 3 (June, 2000), pp. 659-668.

Pollert, A. Gender And Class Revisited: Or, The Poverty of 'Patriarchy', Sociology., Vol. 30, No. 4, (Nov, 1996), pp. 639-659.

Kristan Poirot (2004) Mediating a Movement, Authorizing Discourse: Kate Millett, Sexual Politics, and Feminism's Second Wave, Women's Studies in Communication, 27:2, 204-235

Sheila, G. Kate Millett's Sexual Politics: 40 years on, Women's studies international forum., Vol. 34, No.1 (Jan-Feb, 2011), pp. 76-84.

Smuts, B. The Evolutionary Origins Of Patriarchy, Human nature: an interdisciplinary biosocial perspective, Vol. 6, No. 1, (1995), pp. 1-32.

Walby, S. Theorizing patriarchy, Vol, 23, No. 2 (May, 1989), pp. 213-234. Available online at:

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Week 9: bell hooks: Anti-Sexism and Anti-Racism in the Twentieth Century

Key Reading:

hooks, bell. (1981) Ain't I a woman : black women and feminism (introduction and chapter 4, 'feminism and racism'). Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Further Reading:

For literature by and/or about bell hooks, see:

Biana, H.T. 2020. 'Extending bell hooks' Feminist Theory'. Journal of International Women's Studies 21(1): 13-29.

Cheng, C. 1997: A Review Essay on the Books of bell hooks: Organizational Diversity Lessons from a Thoughtful Race and Gender Heretic. Academy of Management Review 22, 553–564

Florence, N. 2016. 'bell hooks', in Lori Marso (ed.). Fifty-One Key Feminist ThinkersLondon: Routledge.

hooks, b (1984) Feminist theory from margin to center

hooks, b (2000). Feminism is for everybody : passionate politics. South End Press.

Maria del Guadalupe Davidson and George Yancy (eds.). 2009. Critical Perspectives on bell hooks. London: Routledge.

Öhman, A.B. (2010) 'bell hooks and the Sustainability of Style', NORA - Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research,18:4, 284-289.

Valdivia AN. 'bell hooks: Ethics From the Margins'. Qualitative Inquiry. 2002;8(4):429-447

Woodson, H. 2019. 'Between Activism, Religiosity, and the Public Sphere: the Intellectual Insurgency of bell hooks'. Journal of African American Studies 23, 187–202.


For literature on black feminist thought more broadly, see:


Moraga, C and C Anzaldua (eds) (1983) This bridge called my back : writings by radical women of color

Collins, P.H. (1990) Black feminist thought : knowledge, consciousness and the politics of empowerment. Routledge

Audre Lorde. Sister outsider : essays and speeches. Crossing Press

Davis, A. (1982) Women, race & class

The Combahee River Collective Statement (1977) – googleable online.... eg.

Beverly Guy-Sheftall, ed, (1995) Words of fire: an anthology of African-American feminist thought. The New Press.

Mirza, H. (ed) (1997) Black British feminism : a reader Routledge


Valerie Bryson. 2003. Feminist Political Theory. Palgrave Macmillan (chapter 14).

Chris Corrin. 1999. Feminist perspectives on politics Longman (chapter 5).

Barbara Smith (1999). Home girls : a Black feminist anthology. Rutgers University Press.

Crenshaw, K. 1991. “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics and Violence against Women of Colour.” Stanford Law Review. 43 (6): 1241-1299.

Davis, K. 2008: “Intersectionality as Buzzword: A sociology of science perspective on what makes a feminist theory successful.” Feminist theory., 9 (1): 67-85.

McCall, Leslie. 2005. ' The complexity of intersectionality'. Signs. 3 (3): 1771-1800

Nash, J. C. 2008: “Re-thinking Intersectionality.” Feminist review., 89: 1-15.


Sumi Cho, Kimberle Crenshaw and Leslie McCall. 2013. 'Toward a Field of Intersectionality Studies: Theory, Applications and Praxis'. Signs. 38 (4): 785-810.


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Week 10: Michel Foucault: Power, Knoweldge, and Subjectivity

Key Reading:

M. Foucault, "Two Lectures," in Power/knowledge : selected interviews and other writings 1972-1977, pp. 78-108 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva .


Further Reading:

Michel Foucault. Introduction to "I, Pierre Riviere..."

Michel Foucault. History of Sexuality Volume 1

G. Danaher, T. Schirato, J. Webb, Understanding Foucault , London: Sage, 2000.

M. Foucault, The Birth of the Clinic: An Archaeology of Medical Perception, London: Tavistock, 1973.

M. Foucault, The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences, New York: Vintage, 1973.

M. Foucault, Power/knowledge : selected interviews and other writings 1972-1977, Brighton: Harvester, 1980.

M. Foucault, Power: Essential Works of Foucault 1954-1984 vol. 3, London: Penguin, 2002.

M. Foucault, Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison, New York: Vintage, 1979.

Davidson, Arnold (ed.), 1997, Foucault and His Interlocutors, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Dean, Mitchell and Zamora, Daniel. 2021. The Last Man Takes LSD: Foucault and the End of RevolutionLondon: Verso.

Elden, Stuart. 2016. Foucault's Last DecadeCambridge: Polity Press.

Falzon, Christopher, Timothy O’Leary, and Jana Sawicki (eds.), 2013, A Companion to Foucault, Oxford: Blackwell.

N. Fraser, "Michel Foucault: A 'Young Conservative'? " in Unruly practices : power, discourse and gender in contemporary social theory, pp. 35-54. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (GW 09/10/2017) 

G. Gutting, The Cambridge companion to Foucault, Cambridge: CUP, 2005.

G. Gutting, Foucault : a very short introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. M. Philp, “Foucault on Power: A Problem in Radical Translation? ” Political theory., Vol. 11, no. 1, 1983, pp. 29-52.

Han, Béatrice, 2002, Foucault’s Critical Project, Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Hekman, Susan (ed.), 1996, Feminist Interpretations of Michel Foucault, University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press

May, Todd, 2006, Philosophy of Foucault, Toronto: McGill-Queens University Press.

McNay, Lois, 1994, Foucault: a Critical Introduction, Cambridge: Continuum.

P. Rabinow, (ed.) The Foucault Reader, London: Penguin Books, 1986.

J. Simon, Foucault & the political London: Routledge, 1995.

C. Taylor, "Foucault on Freedom and Truth," Political theory., 12/no. 2, 1984, pp. 152-183.

A. McHoul and W. Grace, A Foucault primer : discourse, power, and the subject, London: UCL Press, 1995

G. Burchell, C. Gordon and P. Miller (eds.), The Foucault Effect: Studies in Governmentality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Herbert Dreyfus and Paul Rabinow. 1983. Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics

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Week 11: Francis Fukuyama: The End of History and the End of Politics?

Key Readings:

Francis Fukuyama: 'The End of History? ' The National Interest, summer 1989, and 'At the 'End of History' Still Lies Democracy', The Wall Street Journal., June 2014 (available here 

Further Reading:

Francis Fukuyama, 2012. The end of history and the last man (Twentieth Anniversary Edition) . Penguin.


For commentary on Fukuyama's work, see:

The various responses to Fukuyama's original article in The National Interest no. 16, pp. 19-35. Available online

Timothy Burns. 1994. After history? : Francis Fukuyama and his critics. Rowman and Littlefield.

Howard Williams, E Gwynn Matthews, David Sullivan. 2016. Francis Fukuyama and the End of HistoryUniversity of Wales Press.

Kampmark, B. (2002). Fukuyama down under: Revising the End of the History after 9-11. AQ: Australian Quarterly, 74(6), 33-40.

MUELLER, J. (2014). Did History End? Assessing the Fukuyama Thesis. Political Science Quarterly, 129(1), 35-54

Knutsen, T. (1991). Answered Prayers: Fukuyama, Liberalism and the End-of-History Debate. Bulletin of Peace Proposals, 22(1), 77-85.

Cumings, B. (1999). The End of History or the Return of Liberal Crisis? Current History, 98(624), 9-16. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Postel, Danny. 2006. 'The end of history revisited: Francis Fukuyama and his Critics'. Open democracy,

Symposium on Fukuyama on Open Democracy. Link here.  

For a feminist critique of Fukuyama, see J. Ann Tickner, 1999, “Why Women Can’t Rule the World: International Politics According to Francis Fukuyama,” International studies review. 1 (3).

See the chapter on Fukuyama in Martin Griffiths, Steven C. Roach and M. Scott Solomon. 2016. Fifty Key Thinkers in International RelationsLondon: Routledge.

See the various essays on Fukuyama in issue 193 of New left review..


For alternative views of post-Cold War politics, see:

Alain Badiou. 2012. The Rebirth of History. London: Verso.

Chantal Mouffe. 1993. The return of the political. Verso.

Samuel Huntingdon. 1996. The clash of civilizations and the remaking of world order. Simon and Schuster.

Carl Boggs. The end of politics : corporate power and the decline of the public sphere. Guildford Press.

Jacques Derrida. 1994. Specters of Marx. Routledge.


Alain Badiou. 2012. The Rebirth of History. London: Verso.

Seamus Milne. 2013. The revenge of history : the battle for the twenty-first century. London: Verso.

This list was last updated on 30/08/2021