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PIED5400M
Module Reading List

The Rise of China, 2021/22, Semester 2
Dr Kingsley Edney
K.J.Edney@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Week 1 – Introduction: China, power and international order(s)

Required reading:

Campbell, Kurt M. and Ely Ratner (2018) ‘The China Reckoning: How Beijing Defied American Expectations’ Foreign Affairs 97(2): 60-70.

Johnston, Alastair Iain (2019) 'China in a world of orders: rethinking compliance and challenge in Beijing's international relations' International Security 44(2): 9-60.

Turner, Oliver and Nicola Nymalm (2019) 'Morality and progress: IR narratives on international revisionism and the status quo' Cambridge Review of International Affairs 32(4): 407-428.

Further reading:

Breslin, Shaun (ed.) (2010) Handbook of China's international relations (London: Routledge).

Buzan, Barry and Michael Cox (2013) ‘China and the US: comparable cases of “peaceful rise”? ’ Chinese journal of international politics 6(2): 109-32.

Chung, Jae Ho (ed.) (2015) Assessing China's power (London: Palgrave Macmillan).

Cohen, Warren I. (2007) ‘China’s rise in historical perspective’ The journal of strategic studies. 30(4-5): 683-704.

Cui Liru (2012) ‘Peaceful rise: China’s modernisation trajectory’ The International Spectator 47(2): 14-17.

Deng, Yong (2008), China's struggle for status : the realignment of international relations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Doshi, Rush (2021) The Long Game: China's Grand Strategy to Displace American Order (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Feigenbaum, Evan A. (2017) ‘China and the World: Dealing with a Reluctant Power’ Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120 96(1): 33-40.

Foot, Rosemary (2013) (ed.), China across the divide : the domestic and global in politics and society (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Foot, Rosemary and Evelyn Goh (2019) 'The international relations of East Asia: a new research prospectus' International Studies Review 21(3): 398-423.

Foot, Rosemary and Andrew Walter (2011), China, the United States, and global order (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Friedberg, Aaron L. (2005) ‘The future of U.S.-China relations: is conflict inevitable? ’ International security. 30(2): 7-45.

Friedberg, Aaron L. (2011) A contest for supremacy : China, America, and the struggle for mastery in Asia (New York: W. W. Norton & Co.).

Friedberg, Aaron L. (2018) ‘Competing with China’ Survival 60(3): 7-64.

Godement, François (2012) ‘China’s rise as an international factor: connecting the dots’ The International Spectator 47(2): 24-29.

Goh, Evelyn (2013), The struggle for order [electronic resource] : hegemony, hierarchy, and transition in post-Cold War East Asia (Oxford: Oxford University Press)

Ikenberry, G. John (2004) ‘American hegemony and East Asian order’ Australian Journal of International Affairs 58(3): 353–65. 

Ikenberry, G. John (2014) Power, order, and change in world politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Ikenberry, G. John (2016) ‘Between the Eagle and the Dragon: America, China, and Middle State Strategies in East Asia’ Political Science Quarterly 131(1): 9-43.

Kang, David C. (2020) 'International order in historical East Asia: tribute and hierarchy beyond Sinocentrism and Eurocentrism' International Organization 74(1): 65-93.

Kupchan, Charles A. (2012) No one's world : the West, the rising rest, and the coming global turn (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Lampton, David M. (2008) The three faces of Chinese power : might, money, and minds (Berkeley: California University Press).

Lampton, David M. (2009) ‘The United States and China in the age of Obama: looking each other straight in the eyes’ Journal of contemporary China. 18(62): 703-727.

Ross, Robert S. and Zhu Feng (eds.) (2008) China's ascent : power, security, and the future of international politics (Ithaca: Cornell University Press).

Roy, Denny (2013) ‘The Rise of China: What to Watch For’ Asia Pacific Bulletin 243, 3 December. Available Online at: http://www.eastwestcenter.org/sites/default/files/private/apb243.pdf

Schell, Orville and John Delury (2013) Wealth and power : China's long march to the twenty-first century (London: Little, Brown).

Schweller, Randall L. (1999) ‘Managing the Rise of Great Powers: History and Theory’ in Alastair Iain Johnston and Robert S. Ross (eds.), Engaging China : the management of an emerging power (London: Routledge), pp. 1-31.

Shambaugh, David (2005) ‘China Engages Asia: Reshaping the Regional Order’ International security. 29(3): 64-99.

Shambaugh, David (ed.) (2005) Power shift : China and Asia's new dynamics (Berkeley: University of California Press).

Shambaugh, David (2012) ‘Thinking about China’s future’ The International Spectator 47(2): 18-23.

Shambaugh, David (2013), China goes global : the partial power (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Shambaugh, David (2018) 'U.S.-China Rivalry in Southeast Asia: Power Shift or Competitive Coexistence?' International security. ISSN: 0162-2889 42(4): 85-127.

Swaine, Michael D. (2011) America's challenge : engaging a rising China in the twenty-first century (Washington D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace).

Wang Gungwu and Zheng Yongnian (eds.) (2008), China and the new international order (Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge).

Ward, Steven (2017) Status and the challenge of rising powers ISBN: 1107182360; 9781107182363 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Weiss, Jessica Chen and Jeremy L. Wallace (2021) 'Domestic politics, China's rise, and the future of the liberal international order' International Organization https://doi.org/10.1017/S002081832000048X 

Zhao, Quansheng (2007) ‘Managed great power relations: do we see “one-up and one-down”? ’ The journal of strategic studies. 30(4-5): 609-37.

Zhao, Quansheng and Guoli Liu (2007) ‘The challenges of a rising China’ The journal of strategic studies. 30(4-5): 585-608.

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Week 2 – Foreign policy, agency and the party-state: who/what is China?

Required reading:

Lanteigne, Marc (2013) 'Who (and what) makes Chinese foreign policy today?' in Chinese Foreign Policy: An Introduction (Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge), pp. 18-38.

Pu, Xiaoyu and Chengli Wang (2018) 'Rethinking China's rise: Chinese scholars debate strategic overstretch' International Affairs 94(5): 1019-1035.

Hameiri, Shahar and Lee Jones (2016) 'Rising powers and state transformation: the case of China' European Journal of International Relations 22(1): 72-98.

Further reading:

Chan, Gerald (1999) Chinese perspectives on international relations : a framework for analysis (Houndmills: Macmillan).

Chen, Dingding and Jianwei Wang (2011) ‘Lying Low No More? China’s New Thinking on the Tao Guang Yang Hui Strategy’ China: An International Journal. 9(2): 195-216.

Christensen, Thomas J. (2011) ‘The advantages of an assertive China: responding to Beijing’s abrasive diplomacy’ Foreign affairs. 90(2): 54-67.

Feng Huiyun (2009) ‘Is China a Revisionist Power? ’ Chinese journal of international politics 2(3): 313-34.

Fravel, Taylor M. (2005) ‘Regime insecurity and international cooperation: explaining China’s compromises in territorial disputes’ International security. 30(2): 46-83.

Glaser, Bonnie and Phil Saunders (2002) ‘Chinese civilian foreign policy research institutes: Evolving roles and increasing influence’ The China quarterly. 171: 597-616.

Holslag, Jonathan (2014) ‘The smart revisionist’ Survival. 56(5): 95-116.

Jakobson, Linda and Dean Knox (2010) New Foreign Policy Actors in China, SIPRI Policy Paper 26 (Stockholm: SIPRI). Available Online at: http://lindajakobson.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/Jakobson-Knox-New-Foreign-Policy-Actors-in-China-SIPRIPP26.pdf

Ji, You (2013) ‘The PLA and Diplomacy: Unravelling Myths about the Military Role in Foreign Policy Making’ Journal of contemporary China. 23(86): 236-54.

Johnston, Alastair Iain (2013) ‘How new and assertive is China’s new assertiveness? ’ International security. 37(4): 7-48.

Kastner, Scott L. and Phillip C. Saunders (2012) ‘Is China a status quo or a revisionist state? Leadership travel as an empirical indicator of foreign policy priorities’ International studies quarterly. 56(1): 163-77.

Kawashima, Shin (2011) ‘The Development of the Debate Over ‘Hiding One’s Talents and Biding One’s Time’ (taoguan yanghui)’ Asia-Pacific review. 18(2): 14-36.

Lai, Hongyi (2010) The domestic sources of China's foreign policy : regimes, leadership, priorities and process (London: Routledge).

Lai, Hongyi and Su-Jeong Kang (2013) ‘Domestic Bureaucratic Politics and Chinese Foreign Policy’ Journal of contemporary China. 23(86): 294-313.

Lanteigne, Marc (2016) Chinese Foreign Policy: An Introduction [Third Edition] (London: Routledge).

Legro, Jeffrey W. (2007) ‘What China will want: the future intentions of a rising power’ Perspectives on politics. 5(3): 515-34.

Liao, Nien-Chung Chang (2016) 'The sources of China's assertiveness: the system, domestic politics or leadership preferences? ' International affairs. 92(4): 817-833.

Lynch, Daniel C. (2015) China's futures : PRC elites debate economics, politics, and foreign policy (Stanford: Stanford University Press).

Ratner, Ely (2011) ‘The emergent security threats reshaping China’s rise’ The Washington quarterly. 34(1): 29-44.

Scobell, Andrew (2012) ‘Learning to rise peacefully? China and the security dilemma’ Journal of contemporary China. 21(76): 713-21.

Scobell, Andrew and Scott W. Harold (2013) ‘An “assertive” China? Insights from interviews’ Asian security  9(2): 111-131. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Shambaugh, David (2007) ‘China’s “quiet diplomacy”: The International Department of the Chinese Communist Party’ China: An International Journal. 5(1): 26-54.

Shambaugh, David (2011) ‘Coping with a conflicted China’ The Washington quarterly. 34(1): 7-27.

Shirk, Susan L. (2008) China, Fragile Superpower (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Wang, Jianwei and Xiaojie Wang (2013), ‘Media and Chinese Foreign Policy’, Journal of contemporary China. 23(86): 216-35.

Wang, Jisi (2011) ‘China’s search for a grand strategy: a rising great power finds its way’ Foreign affairs. 90: 68-79.

Zhang, Feng (2012) ‘China’s new thinking on alliances’ Survival. 54(5): 129-48.

Zhu, Zhiqun (2011) ‘Chinese Foreign Policy: External and Internal Factors’ China: An International Journal 9(2): 185-94.

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Week 3 – Traditional concepts for understanding China's rise: security dilemmas, power transition theory and international institutions

Required reading:

Mearsheimer, John J. (2021) 'The Inevitable Rivalry: America, China, and the Tragedy of Great-Power Politics' Foreign affairs. 100(6): 48-59.

Ikenberry, G. John (2018) 'Why the liberal world order will survive' Ethics and International Affairs 32(1): 17-29.

Glaser, Charles (2011) ‘Will China’s rise lead to war? Why realism does not mean pessimism’ Foreign affairs. 90(2): 80-91.

Further reading:

Art, Robert J. (2008) ‘The United States and the rise of China: implications for the long haul’ in Robert S. Ross and Zhu Feng (eds.) China's ascent : power, security, and the future of international politics (Ithaca: Cornell University Press), pp. 260-90.

Brooks, Stephen G. and William C. Wohlforth (2015) ‘The rise and fall of the great powers in the twenty-first century: China's rise and the fate of America's global position’ International security. 40(3): 7-53.

Chan, Steve (2004) ‘Exploring puzzles in power-transition theory: implications for Sino-American relations’ Security Studies 13(3): 103-41.

Chan, Steve (2008) China, the US and power-transition theory : a critique (London: Routledge).

Chan, Steve (2010) ‘An Odd Thing Happened on the Way to Balancing: East Asian States’ Reactions to China’s Rise’ International studies review. 12(3): 387-412.

Gilboy, George J. and Eric Heginbotham (2013) ‘Double trouble: a realist view of Chinese and Indian power’ The Washington quarterly. 36(3): 125-42.

Gilpin, Robert (1981) War and change in world politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Goldstein, Avery (2007) ‘Power transitions, institutions, and China’s rise in East Asia: theoretical expectations and evidence’ The journal of strategic studies. 30(4-5): 639-82.

Ikenberry, G. John (2008) ‘The rise of China and the future of the West: can the liberal system survive? ’ Foreign affairs. 87(1): 25.

Ikenberry, G. John (2011) Liberal leviathan [electronic resource] : the origins, crisis, and transformation of the American World Order (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

Kent, Ann (1999) China, the United Nations, and human rights : the limits of compliance (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press).

Kugler, Jacek and Douglas Lemke (eds.) (1996) Parity and war : evaluations and extensions of The war ledger (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press).

Lim, Yves-Heng (2011) ‘A tale of two realisms in Chinese foreign policy’ China: An International Journal 9(2): 299-312.

Mearsheimer, John (2006) ‘China's unpeaceful rise’ Current history. 105(690): 160-62.

Mearsheimer, John J. (2010) ‘The gathering storm: China’s challenge to US power in Asia’ Chinese journal of international politics 3(4): 381-96.

Organski, A. F. K. (1958) World politics. (New York: Alfred A. Knopf).

Organski, A. F. K. and Jacek Kugler (1980) The war ledger (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).

Rapkin, David and William Thompson (2003) ‘Power transition, challenge and the (re)emergence of China’ International Interactions  29(4): 315-42. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Ross, Robert S. and Øystein Tunsjø (eds.) (2017) Strategic adjustment and the rise of China : power and politics in East Asia (Ithaca: Cornell University Press).

Schweller, Randall L. and Xiaoyu Pu (2011) ‘After unipolarity: China’s visions of international order in an era of U.S. decline’ International security. 36(1): 41–72.

Steinfeld, Edward S. (2010) Playing our game : why China's rise doesn't threaten the west (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Sun Xuefeng (2010) ‘The Efficiency of China’s Multilateral Policies in East Asia (1997-2007)’ International relations of the Asia-Pacific. 10(3): 515-41.

Tammen, Ronald L. (2008) ‘The Organski legacy: a fifty-year research program’ International Interactions  34(4): 314-32. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Tammen, Ronald, Jacek Kugler, Douglas Lemke, Allan Stam, Carole Alsharabati, Mark Abdollahian, Brian Efird, and A. F. K. Organski (2000) Power transitions : strategies for the 21st century (New York: Chatham House).

Tellis, Ashley J. (2013) ‘Balancing without containment: A U.S. strategy for confronting China's rise’ The Washington quarterly. 36(4): 109-24.

White, Hugh (2013) The China choice [electronic resource] : why we should share power (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Yan Xuetong (2013) ‘Let’s not be friends’ Foreign policy., 6 June, http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2013/06/05/lets_not_be_friends_us_china_trust

Zhang, Yongjin (2016) 'China and liberal hierarchies in global international society: power and negotiation for normative change' International affairs. 92(4): 795–816.

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Week 4 – Critical approaches to understanding China’s rise

Required reading:

Goh, Evelyn (2019) 'Contesting hegemonic order: China in East Asia' Security Studies 28(3): 614-644.

Allan, Bentley B., Srdjan Vucetic and Ted Hopf (2018) ‘The Distribution of Identity and the Future of International Order: China’s Hegemonic Prospects’ International organization. ISSN: 0020-8183 72(4): 839-869.

Pan, Chengxin (2018) 'Toward a new relational ontology in global politics: China's rise as holographic transition' International Relations of the Asia-Pacific 18(3): 339-367.

Further reading:

Barabantseva, Elena (2009) ‘Change vs. order: shijie meets tianxia in China’s interactions with the world’ Alternatives : global, local, political. 34(2): 129-55.

Breslin, Shaun (2010) ‘China’s emerging global role: dissatisfied responsible great power’ Politics. 30(s1): 52-62.

Buzan, Barry (2010), ‘China in international society: is “peaceful rise” possible? ’, Chinese journal of international politics, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 5-36.

Callahan, William A. (2012), ‘China's Strategic Futures: Debating the Post-American World Order’ Asian survey., Vol. 52, No. 4, pp. 617-642.

Chin, Gregory and Ramesh Thakur (2010) ‘Will China change the rules of global order? ’ The Washington quarterly. 33(4): 119-38.

Clegg, Jenny (2011) ‘China at the global summit table: rule-taker, deal-wrecker or bridge-builder? ’ Contemporary Politics 17(4): 447-65.

Etzioni, Amitai (2011) ‘Is China a responsible stakeholder? ’ International affairs. 87(3): 539-53.

Goh, Evelyn (2013) The struggle for order [electronic resource] : hegemony, hierarchy, and transition in post-Cold War East Asia (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Gries, Peter Hays (2005) ‘Social psychology and the identity-conflict debate: is the “China threat” inevitable? ’ European journal of international relations. 11(2): 235-65.

He, Yinan (2008) ‘Ripe for cooperation or rivalry? Commerce, realpolitik, and war memory in contemporary Sino-Japanese relations’ Asian security  4(2): 162-97. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Johnston, Alastair Iain (2003) ‘Is China a status quo power? ’ International security. 27(4): 5-56.

Johnston, Alastair Iain (2008) Social states : China in international institutions, 1980-2000 (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

Jones, Catherine (2014) 'Constructing great powers: China's status in a socially constructed plurality' International politics. 51(5): 597-618.

Kang, David C. (2003) ‘Getting Asia wrong: the need for new analytical frameworks’ International security. 27(4): 57-85.

Ling, L.H.M. (2013) ‘Worlds beyond Westphalia: Daoist dialectics and the “China threat”’ Review of international studies. 39: 549-68.

Pan, Chengxin (2004) ‘The “China threat” in American self-imagination: the discursive construction of other as power politics’ Alternatives : global, local, political. 29: 305-31.

Pan, Chengxin (2012) Knowledge, desire and power in global politics : western representations of China's rise (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar).

Reus-Smit, Christian (2017) 'Cultural Diversity and International Order' International organization. ISSN: 0020-8183 71(4): 851-885.

Turner, Oliver (2013) ‘“Threatening” China and US security: the international politics of identity’ Review of international studies. 39(4): 903-24.

Ward, Steven (2017) Status and the challenge of rising powers ISBN: 1107182360; 9781107182363 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Yoshimatsu, Hidetaka (2009) ‘The rise of China and the vision for an East Asian Community’ Journal of contemporary China. 18(62): 745-765.

Zhang, Yongjin (2013) ‘“China anxiety”: discourse and intellectual challenges’ Development and change. 44(6): 1407-25.

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Week 5 – The strategic threat debate and regional security

Required reading:

Goldstein, Avery (2013) 'First things first: the pressing danger of crisis instability in U.S.-China relations' International Security 37(4): 49-89.

Liff, Adam P. (2018) 'China and the US alliance system' The China Quarterly 233: 137-165.

Ling, LHM and Mari Nakamura (2019) 'Popular culture and politics: re-narrating the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands dispute' Cambridge Review of International Affairs 32(4): 541-558.

Further reading:

Acharya, Amitav (2014) ‘Power shift or paradigm shift? China’s rise and Asia’s emerging security order’ International studies quarterly. 58(1): 158-173.

Beckley, Michael (2017) ‘The Emerging Military Balance in East Asia: How China’s Neighbors Can Check Chinese Naval Expansion’ International security. ISSN: 0162-2889 42(2): 78-119.

Bisley, Nick (2012) ‘China’s rise and the making of East Asia’s security architecture’ Journal of contemporary China. 21(73): 19-34.

Cunningham, Fiona S. and M. Taylor Fravel (2015) 'Assuring Assured Retaliation' International security. 40(2): 7-50.

Dobbins, James (2012) ‘War with China’ Survival. 54(4): 7-24.

Dreyer, June Teufel (2012) ‘The shifting triangle: Sino-Japanese-American relations in stressful times’ Journal of contemporary China. 21(75): 409-26.

Erikson, Andrew S. (2015) 'Evaluating China's conventional military power: The naval and air dimensions' in Chung, Jae Ho (ed.) Assessing China's power (London: Palgrave Macmillan), pp. 65-90.

Etzioni, Amitai (2013) ‘MAR: A model for US-China relations’ The Diplomat 20 September, Available Online at: http://thediplomat.com/the-editor/2013/09/20/mar-a-model-for-us-china-relations/

Etzioni, Amitai (2013) ‘Who authorized preparations for war with China? ’ Yale Journal of International Affairs 8(2): 37-51.

Etzioni, Amitai (2014) ‘The Air-Sea Battle “concept”: a critique’ International politics 51(5): 577-596.

Fravel, M. Taylor (2017) 'Shifts in Warfare and Party Unity: Explaining China's Changes in Military Strategy' International security. ISSN: 0162-2889 42(3): 37-83.

Goldstein, Avery (2013) ‘China’s real and present danger’ Foreign affairs., 92(5): 136-144.

Goldstein, Lyle J. (2011) ‘Resetting the US-China security relationship’ Survival. 53(2): 89-116.

Haas, Michael (2013) ‘A MARred alternative: offense, defense and U.S.-China relations’ The Diplomat 8 October, Available Online at: http://thediplomat.com/the-editor/2013/10/08/a-marred-alternative-offense-defense-and-u-s-china-relations/

Hao Yufan and Brantly Womack (eds.)(2016) Rethinking The Triangle : Washington-Beijing-Taipei (Singapore: World Scientific and Macau University Press).

Johnston, Alastair Iain (2008) Social states : China in international institutions, 1980-2000 (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

Kastner, Scott L. (2015) 'Is the Taiwan Strait Still a Flash Point? : Rethinking the Prospects for Armed Conflict between China and Taiwan' International security. 40(3): 54-92.

Kim, Min-hyung (2016) ‘South Korea’s strategy toward a rising China, security dynamics in East Asia, and international relations theory’ Asian survey. 56(4): 707-730.

Lanteigne, Marc (2013) ‘Fire over water: China's strategic engagement of Somalia and the Gulf of Aden crisis’ The Pacific review. 26(3): 289-312.

Liff, Adam P. and G. John Ikenberry (2014) ‘Racing toward tragedy?: China’s rise, military competition in the Asia Pacific, and the security dilemma’ International security 39(2): 52-91.

Lim, Yves-Heng (2010) ‘Locating transition: the prospect for a US-China transition in Asia’ Journal of contemporary China. 19(67): 913-34.

Manicom, James (2014) ‘China and American seapower in East Asia: is accommodation possible? ’ The journal of strategic studies. 37(3): 345-371. 

Mastro, Oriana Skylar (2011) ‘Signaling and military provocation in Chinese national security strategy: a closer look at the Impeccable incident’ The journal of strategic studies. 34(2): 219-44.

McDougall, Derek (2012) ‘Responses to “rising China” in the East Asian region: soft balancing with accommodation’ Journal of contemporary China. 21(73): 1-17.

Odgaard, Liselotte (2017) ‘Maritime Security in East Asia: Peaceful Coexistence and Active Defense in China's Diaoyu/Senkaku Policy’ Journal of contemporary China.  26(103): 118-133.

Ong, Russell (2010) ‘Taiwan's strategic options and the US’ Asia Pacific viewpoint. 17(2): 56–75.

Pillsbury, Michael (2012) ‘The sixteen fears: China’s strategic psychology’ Survival. 54(5): 149-82.

Ross, Robert S. (2006) ‘Balance of power politics and the rise of China: accommodation and balancing in East Asia’ Security Studies 15(3): 355-95.

Roy, Denny (1994) ‘Hegemon on the horizon? : China’s threat to East Asian security’ International security. 19(1): 149-68.

Rozman, Gilbert (2010) ‘Post Cold War evolution of Chinese thinking on regional institutions in Northeast Asia’ Journal of contemporary China. 19(66): 605-20.

Talmadge, Caitlin (2017) 'Would China Go Nuclear?: Assessing the Risk of Chinese Nuclear Escalation in a Conventional War with the United States' International security. ISSN: 0162-2889 41(4): 50-92.

Tucker, Nancy Bernkopf and Bonnie Glaser (2011) ‘Should the United States abandon Taiwan? ’ The Washington quarterly. 34(4): 23-37.

White, Hugh (2013) The China choice [electronic resource] : why we should share power (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Xin, Qiang (2012) ‘Cooperation opportunity or confrontation catalyst? The implication of China’s naval development for China-US relations’ Journal of contemporary China. 21(76): 603-22.

Yahuda, Michael (2013) ‘China’s new assertiveness in the South China Sea’ Journal of contemporary China. 22(81): 446-459.

Yuan, Jing-Dong (2010) ‘China’s role in establishing and building the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)’ Journal of contemporary China. 19(67): 855-69.

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Week 6 – The debt-trap debate and China’s impact on the global economy

Required reading:

Benabdallah, Lina (2019) 'Contesting the international order by integrating it: the case of China's Belt and Road Initiative' Third World Quarterly 40(1): 92-108.

Brautigam, Deborah (2020) 'A critical look at Chinese "debt-trap diplomacy": the rise of a meme' Area Development and Policy 5(1): 1-14.

Hodzi, Obert (2020) 'African political elites and the making(s) of the China Model in Africa' Politics and Policy 48(5): 887-907.

Further reading:

Alden, Chris and Ana Cristina Alves (2017) ‘China's Regional Forum Diplomacy in the Developing World: Socialisation and the "Sinosphere"’ Journal of contemporary China.  26(103): 151-165.

Algieri, Franco (2002) ‘EU economic relations with China: an institutionalist perspective’ The China quarterly. 169: 64 – 77.

Beeson, Mark, Mills Soko and Wang Yong (2011) ‘The new resource politics: can Australia and South Africa accommodate China? ’ International affairs. 87(6): 1365-1384.

Brautigam, Deborah and Tang Xiaoyang (2012) ‘Economic statecraft in China's new overseas special economic zones: soft power, business or resource security? ’ International affairs. 88(4): 799-816.

Breslin, Shaun (2007) China and the global political economy (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).

Breslin, Shaun (2008) ‘Why growth equals power – and why it shouldn’t: constructing visions of China’ Journal of Asian public policy 1(1): 3–17.

Breslin, Shaun (2011) ‘China and the crisis: global power, domestic caution and local initiative’ Contemporary Politics 17(2): 185-200.

Breslin, Shaun (2011) ‘The "China model" and the global crisis: from Friedrich List to a Chinese mode of governance? ’ International affairs. 87(6): 1323-1343.

Breslin, Shaun (2013) ‘China and the South: objectives, actors and interactions’ Development and change. 44(6): 1273-94.

Dannreuther, Roland (2011) ‘China and global oil: vulnerability and opportunity’ International affairs. 87(6): 1345-1364.

Dickson, Bruce J. (2011) ‘Updating the China model’ The Washington quarterly. 34(4): 39-58.

Downs, Erica S. (2004) ‘The Chinese energy security debate’ The China quarterly. 177: 21-41.

Galantucci, Robert A. (2015) 'The Repercussions of Realignment: United States-China Interdependence and Exchange Rate Politics' International studies quarterly. 59(3): 423-435.

Hale, David D. and Lyric Hughes Hale (2008) ‘Reconsidering revaluation: the wrong approach to the U.S.-Chinese trade imbalance’ Foreign affairs. 87(1).

Holslag, Jonathan (2011) ‘China’s vulnerability trap’ Survival. 53(2): 77-88.

Hung, Ho-fung (2013) ‘China: saviour or challenger of the dollar hegemony? ’ Development and change. 44(6): 1341-61.

Kennedy, Andrew B. (2010) ‘China’s new energy-security debate’ Survival. 52(3): 137-58.

Kennedy, Scott (2010) ‘The myth of the Beijing consensus’ Journal of contemporary China. 19(65): 461-77.

Kirshner, Jonathan (2008) ‘The consequences of China’s economic rise for Sino-U.S. relations: rivalry, political conflict, and (not) war’ in Robert S. Ross and Zhu Feng (eds.) China's ascent : power, security, and the future of international politics (Ithaca: Cornell University Press), pp. 238-259.

Kynge, James (2006) China shakes the world : the rise of a hungry nation (New York: Mariner Books).

Lee, John (2012) ‘China’s geostrategic search for oil’ The Washington quarterly. 35(3): 75-92.

McNally, Christopher A. (2012) ‘Sino-capitalism: China’s reemergence and the international political economy’ World politics. 64(4): 741–76.

Naughton, Barry (2010) ‘China’s distinctive system: can it be a model for others? ’ Journal of contemporary China. 19(65): 437-60.

Ngai, Pun and Jenny Chan (2012) ‘Global capital, the state, and Chinese workers: the Foxconn experience’ Modern China. 38(4): 383–410.

Pan, Chengxin (2009) ‘What is Chinese about Chinese businesses? Locating the “rise of China” in global production networks’ Journal of contemporary China. 18(58): 7–25.

Pearson, Margaret M. (2006) ‘China in Geneva: lessons from China’s early years in the World Trade Organization’ in Alastair Iain Johnston and Robert S. Ross (eds.) New directions in the study of China's foreign policy. (Stanford: Stanford University Press), pp. 242-75.

Ramo, Joshua Cooper (2004) The Beijing Consensus (London: The Foreign Policy Centre). Available Online at: https://fpc.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2006/09/240-1.pdf

Reilly, James (2012) ‘A norm-taker or a norm-maker? Chinese aid in Southeast Asia’ Journal of contemporary China. 21(73): 71-91.

Reilly, James (2021) Orchestration: China's Economic Statecraft Across Asia and Europe (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Taube, Markus (2002) ‘Economic relations between the PRC and the states of Europe’ The China Quarterly 169: 78–107.

Wang, Fei-Ling and Esi A. Elliot (2014) ‘China in Africa: presence, perceptions and prospects’ Journal of contemporary China. 23(90): 1012-1032.

Yahuda, Michael (2006) ‘The limits of economic interdependence: Sino-Japanese relations’ in Alastair Iain Johnston and Robert S. Ross (eds.) New directions in the study of China's foreign policy. (Stanford: Stanford University Press), pp. 162-85.

Zhao, Hong (2014) ‘China’s dilemma on Iran: between energy security and a responsible rising power’ Journal of contemporary China. 23(87): 408-424.

Zhao, Suisheng (2008) ‘China’s global search for energy security: cooperation and competition in Asia-Pacific’ Journal of contemporary China. 17(55): 207-27.

Zhao, Suisheng (2010) ‘The China model: can it replace the Western model of modernization? ’ Journal of contemporary China. 19(65): 419–36. 

Zhao, Suisheng (2017) 'Whither the China Model: revisiting the debate' Journal of contemporary China. 26(103): 1-17.

Zweig, David and Chen Zhimin (eds.) (2007) China's reforms and international political economy (London: Routledge).

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Week 7 – The China influence debate and the role of culture and ideas in China’s rise

Required reading:

Brady, Anne-Marie (2017) ‘Magic weapons: China’s political influence activities under Xi Jinping’, paper presented at The Corrosion of Democracy under China’s Global Influence conference, Arlington, Virginia, USA, 16-17 September, available at https://www.wilsoncenter.org/sites/default/files/media/documents/article/magic_weapons.pdf 

Lams, Lutgard (2018) 'Examining strategic narratives in Chinese official discourse under Xi Jinping' Journal of Chinese Political Science 23(3): 387-411. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (afp 23/10/2018) 

Gill, Bates (2020) 'China's global influence: post-COVID prospects for soft power' The Washington Quarterly 43(2): 97-115.

Further reading:

Bettiza, Gregorio and David Lewis (2020) 'Authoritarian powers and norm contestation in the liberal international order: theorizing the power politics of ideas and identity' Journal of Global Security Studies 5(4): 559-577.

Brady, Anne-Marie (2015) ‘China’s Foreign Propaganda Machine’ Journal of democracy. ISSN: 1045-5736 26(4): 51-59.

Breslin, Shaun (2009) ‘Understanding China’s regional rise: interpretations, identities and implications’ International affairs. 85(4): 817-35.

Cho, Young Nam and Jong Ho Jeong (2008) ‘China’s soft power: discussions, resources, and prospects’ Asian survey. 48(3): 453–472.

d’Hooghe, Ingrid (2007) The Rise of China’s Public Diplomacy (The Hague: Netherlands Institute of International Relations). Available Online at: http://www.clingendael.nl/sites/default/files/20070700_cdsp_paper_hooghe.pdf

d'Hooghe, Ingrid (2021) 'China's public diplomacy goes political' The Hague Journal of Diplomacy https://doi.org/10.1163/1871191X-BJA10067

Ding, Sheng (2008) The dragon's hidden wings : how China rises with its soft power (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield).

Edney, Kingsley (2012) ‘Soft power and the Chinese propaganda system’ Journal of contemporary China. 21(78): 899-914.

Edney, Kingsley (2014) The globalization of Chinese propaganda : international power and domestic political cohesion (New York: Palgrave Macmillan).

Edney, Kingsley, Stanley Rosen and Ying Zhu (eds.) (2020) Soft Power with Chinese Characteristics: China's Campaign for Hearts and Minds (Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge).

Gill, Bates and Yanzhong Huang (2006) ‘Sources and limits of Chinese “soft power”’ Survival. 48(2): 17-36.

Gill, Bates and Benjamin Schreer (2018) 'Countering China's "united front"' The Washington Quarterly 41(2): 155-170.

Hackenesch, Christine and Julia Bader (2020) 'The struggle for minds and influence: the Chinese Communist Party’s global outreach' International Studies Quarterly 64(3): 723-733.

Hartig, Falk (2016) Chinese public diplomacy : the rise of the Confucius Institute (Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge).

Hunter, Alan (2009) ‘Soft power: China on the global stage’ Chinese journal of international politics 2(3): 373-98.

Huang, Yanzhong and Sheng Ding (2006) ‘Dragon’s underbelly: an analysis of China’s soft power’ East Asia 23(4): 22-44.

Jiang, Min (2010) ‘Authoritarian Informationalism: China’s Approach to Internet Sovereignty’ SAIS Review of International Affairs 30(2): 71-89. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 01/10/2018) 

Kurlantzick, Joshua (2007) Charm offensive : how China's soft power is transforming the world (New Haven: Yale University Press).

Latham, Kevin (2009) ‘Media, the Olympics and the search for the “real China”’ The China quarterly. 197:29-43.

Li, Mingjiang (ed.) (2009) Soft power : China's emerging strategy in international politics (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield).

Nye, Joseph S. Jr (2009) ‘Hard decisions on soft power: opportunities and difficulties for Chinese soft power’ Harvard international review 31(2): 18–22.

Nye, Joseph S. Jr. (2010) ‘American and Chinese power after the financial crisis’ The Washington quarterly. 33(4): 143-53.

Paradise, James F. (2009) ‘China and international harmony: the role of Confucius Institutes in bolstering Beijing’s soft power’ Asian survey. 49(4): 647-69.

Shambaugh, David (2015) ‘China’s Soft Power Push’ Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120 94(4): 99-107.

Smith, Nicholas Ross and Tracey Fallon (2020) 'An Epochal Moment? The COVID-19 Pandemic and China’s International Order Building' World Affairs 183(3): 235-255.

Suzuki, Shogo (2009) ‘Chinese soft power, insecurity studies, myopia and fantasy’ Third world quarterly. 30(4): 779-93.

Walker, Christopher (2018) 'What is "sharp power"?' Journal of Democracy 29(3): 9-23.

Walker, Christopher, Shanthi Kalathil and Jessica Ludwig (2020) 'The Cutting Edge of Sharp Power' Journal of Democracy 31(1): 124-137.

Wang, Hongying (2003) ‘National image building and Chinese foreign policy’ China: An International Journal 1(1): 46-72.

Wang, Jian (ed.) (2011) Soft Power in China: Public Diplomacy through Communication (New York: Palgrave Macmillan).

Wang, Yiwei (2008) ‘Public diplomacy and the rise of Chinese soft power’ Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 616(1): 257-73.

Yan, Xuetong (2018) 'Chinese Values vs. Liberalism: What Ideology Will Shape the International Normative Order?' The Chinese Journal of International Politics 11(1): 1-22.

Zhao, Litao and Soon Heng Tan (2007) ‘China’s cultural rise: visions and challenges’ China: An International Journal 5(1): 97-108.

Zweig, David and Huiyao Wang (2013) ‘Can China bring back the best? The Communist Party organizes China’s search for talent’ The China quarterly. 215: 590-615.

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Week 8 – Issues and cases: sovereignty, human protection and the United Nations

Required reading:

Contessi, Nicola P. (2010) ‘Multilateralism, intervention and norm contestation: China’s stance on Darfur in the UN Security Council’ Security Dialogue 41(3): 323-44.

Fung, Courtney J. (2019) 'Rhetorical Adaptation, Normative Resistance and International Order-Making: China’s Advancement of the Responsibility to Protect’ Cooperation and Conflict 55(2): 193-215.

Foot, Rosemary (2020) 'Positioning development in human protection' in China, the UN, and Human Protection: Beliefs, Power, Image (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp. 228-256.

Further reading:

Bellamy, Alex J. (2006) ‘Whither the responsibility to protect? Humanitarian intervention and the 2005 World Summit’ Ethics and international affairs 20(2): 143-69.

Bellamy, Alex J. (2009) Responsibility to protect [electronic resource] : the global effort to end mass atrocities (Cambridge: Polity).

Carlson, Allen (2004) ‘Helping to keep the peace (albeit reluctantly): China’s recent stance on sovereignty and multilateral intervention’ Pacific affairs. 77(1): 9-27.

Carlson, Allen (2006) ‘More than just saying no: China’s evolving approach to sovereignty and intervention since Tiananmen’ in Alastair Iain Johnston and Robert S. Ross (eds.) New directions in the study of China's foreign policy (Stanford: Stanford University Press), pp. 217-41. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Chan, Lai-Ha, Pak K. Lee and Gerald Chan (2008) ‘Rethinking global governance: a China model in the making? ’ Contemporary Politics 14(1): 3-19.

Chen, Jing (2009) ‘Explaining the change in China’s attitude toward UN peacekeeping: a norm change perspective’ Journal of contemporary China. 18(58): 157-73.

Freeman, Carla P. (2020) 'An Uncommon Approach to the Global Commons: Interpreting China's Divergent Positions on Maritime and Outer Space Governance' The China Quarterly 241: 1-21.

Fung, Courtney J. (2019) China and Intervention at the UN Security Council: Reconciling Status (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Gill, Bates and James Reilly (2000) ‘Sovereignty, intervention and peacekeeping: the view from Beijing’ Survival. 42(3): 41-59.

Holslag, Jonathan (2008) ‘China’s diplomatic manoeuvring on the question of Darfur’ Journal of contemporary China. 17(54): 71-84.

Large, Daniel (2008) ‘China and the contradictions of “non-interference” in Sudan’ Review of African political economy. 35(115): 93-106.

Li, Chien-pin (2011) ‘Norm entrepreneur or interest maximiser? : China’s participation in UN peacekeeping operations, 2001-2010’ China: An International Journal 9(2): 313-27.

Pang, Zhongying (2009) ‘China’s non-intervention question’ Global responsibility to protect. 1(2): 238-9.

Snetkov, Aglaya and Marc Lanteigne (2015) ‘“The loud dissenter and its cautious partner” – Russia, China, global governance and humanitarian intervention’ International relations of the Asia-Pacific. 15(1): 113-146.

Suzuki, Shogo (2011) ‘Why does China participate in intrusive peacekeeping? Understanding paternalistic Chinese discourses on development and intervention’ International peacekeeping. 18(3): 271-85.

Swaine, Michael D. (2012) ‘Chinese views of the Syrian conflict’ China Leadership Monitor 39, Available Online at: http://carnegieendowment.org/files/Swaine_CLM_39_091312_2.pdf.

Teitt, Sarah (2011) ‘The responsibility to protect and China’s peacekeeping policy’ International peacekeeping. 18(3): 298-312.

Wu Zhengyu and Ian Taylor (2011) ‘From refusal to engagement: Chinese contributions to peacekeeping in Africa’ Journal of contemporary African studies. 29(2): 137-54.

Zhao, Hong (2013) ‘China’s dilemma on Iran: between energy security and a responsible rising power’ Journal of contemporary China. 23(87): 408-424.

See also the Special Issue on China’s Evolving Approach to Peacekeeping in the journal International peacekeeping. 18(3): 2011.

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Week 9 – Issues and cases: nationalism and the ‘Chinese dream’

Required reading:

Callahan, William A. (2010) ‘When is China? (1): Patriotic education and the century of national humiliation’, Chapter 2 in China: The Pessoptimist Nation (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Weiss, Jessica Chen (2019) 'How hawkish is the Chinese public? Another look at "Rising Nationalism" and Chinese foreign policy' Journal of Contemporary China 28(119): 679-695.

Shi, Wei and Shih-Diing Liu (2020) 'Pride as structure of feeling: Wolf Warrior II and the national subject of the Chinese dream' Chinese Journal of Communication 13(3): 329-343.

Further reading:

Callahan, William A. (2004) ‘National insecurities: humiliation, salvation, and Chinese nationalism’ Alternatives : global, local, political. . 29(2): 199-218.

Callahan, William A. (2005) ‘Nationalism, civilization and transnational relations: the discourse of Greater China’ Journal of contemporary China. 14(43): 269–89.

Callahan, William A. (2010) China: The Pessoptimist Nation (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Carlson, Allen (2009) ‘A flawed perspective: the limitations inherent within the study of Chinese nationalism’ Nations and nationalism. 15(1): 20–35.

Chang, Maria Hsia (2001) Return of the dragon : China's wounded nationalism (Boulder: Westview).

Chen Zhimin (2005) ‘Nationalism, internationalism and Chinese foreign policy’ Journal of contemporary China. 14(42): 35–53.

Cheong, Ching (2001) Will Taiwan break away? : the rise of Taiwanese nationalism (Singapore: World Scientific).

Cheung, Gordon CK (2009) ‘Governing greater China: dynamic perspectives and transforming interactions’ Journal of contemporary China. 18(58): 93–111.

Chow, Peter CY, ed. (2008) The "one China" dilemma (New York: Palgrave Macmillan).

Cohen, Paul A. (2002) ‘Remembering and forgetting: national humiliation in twentieth-century China’ Twentieth-century China 27(2): 1-39.

Gries, Peter H. (2001) ‘Tears of rage: Chinese nationalist reactions to the Belgrade embassy bombing’ The China journal. 46: 25–43.

Gries, Peter Hays (2004) China's new nationalism : pride, politics, and diplomacy (Berkeley: University of California Press).

Gries, Peter H. and Kaiping Peng (2002) ‘Culture clash? Apologies East and West’ Journal of contemporary China. 11(30): 173-78.

Guang, Lei (2005) ‘Realpolitik nationalism: international sources of Chinese nationalism’ Modern China. 31(4): 487–514.

He, Kai and Huiyun Feng (2009) ‘Leadership, regime security, and China’s policy toward Taiwan: prospect theory and Taiwan crises’ The Pacific review. 22(4): 501–21.

He, Yinan (2007) ‘History, Chinese nationalism and the emerging Sino-Japanese conflict’ Journal of contemporary China. 16(50): 1-24.

Hickey, Dennis V. (2011) ‘Rapprochement between Taiwan and the Chinese mainland: implications for American foreign policy’ Journal of contemporary China. 20(69): 231-47.

Hughes, Christopher (2006) Chinese nationalism in the global era (London: Routledge).

Hughes, Christopher (2011) ‘Reclassifying Chinese nationalism: the geopolitik turn’ Journal of contemporary China. 20(71): 601–20.

Jakobson, Linda (2005) ‘A greater Chinese union’ The Washington quarterly. 28(3): 27–39.

Jia, Qingguo (2005) ‘Disrespect and distrust: the external origins of contemporary Chinese nationalism’ Journal of contemporary China. 14(42): 11-21.

Johnston, Alastair Iain (2016/2017) ‘Is Chinese nationalism rising?: Evidence from Beijing’ International security. 41(3): 7–43.

Quek, Kai and Alastair Ian Johnston (2017) 'Can China Back Down?: Crisis De-escalation in the Shadow of Popular Opposition' International security. ISSN: 0162-2889 42(3): 7-36.

Reilly, James (2006) ‘China’s history activism and Sino-Japanese relations’ China: An International Journal 4(2): 189-216.

Reilly, James (2013) ‘A Wave to Worry About? Public Opinion, Foreign Policy and China’s Anti-Japan Protests’ Journal of contemporary China. 23(86): 197-215.

Rigger, Shelley (2006) Taiwan's rising rationalism : generations, politics, and "Taiwanese nationalism" (Washington, DC: East-West Center).

Shen, Simon (2007) Redefining nationalism in modern China : Sino-American relations and the emergence of Chinese public opinion in the 21st century (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).

Swaine, Michael D. (2013) ‘Chinese views regarding the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands dispute’ China Leadership Monitor 41. Available Online at: http://carnegieendowment.org/files/CLM41MS.pdf

Wang, Zheng (2012) Never forget national humiliation : historical memory in Chinese politics and foreign relations (New York: Columbia University Press).

Weiss, Jessica Chen (2013) ‘Authoritarian signaling, mass audiences, and nationalist protest in China’ International organization. 67(1): 1-35.

Zhang, Feng (2013) ‘The rise of Chinese exceptionalism in international relations’ European journal of international relations. 19(2): 305-28.

Zhao, Suisheng (1998) ‘A state-led nationalism: the patriotic education campaign in post-Tiananmen China’ Communist and post-Communist studies.. 31(3): 287-302.

Zhao, Suisheng (2004) A nation-state by construction : dynamics of modern Chinese nationalism (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press).

Zhao, Suisheng (2005) ‘China’s pragmatic nationalism: is it manageable? ’ The Washington quarterly. 29(1): 131–44.

Zhao, Suisheng (2013) ‘Foreign policy implications of Chinese nationalism revisited: the strident turn’ Journal of contemporary China. 22(82): 535-53.

Zheng, Yongnian (1999) Discovering Chinese nationalism in China : modernization, identity, and international relations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

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Week 10 – Issues and cases: climate change and the global environment

Required reading:

Wu, Fuzuo (2013) ‘China’s Pragmatic Tactics in International Climate Change Negotiations: Reserving Principles with Compromise’ Asian survey 53(4): 778-800.

Stalley, Phillip (2013) ‘Principled Strategy: The Role of Equity Norms in China’s Climate Change Diplomacy’ Global environmental politics 13(1): 1-8.

Eckersley, Robyn (2020) 'Rethinking leadership: understanding the roles of the US and China in the negotiation of the Paris Agreement' European Journal of International Relations 26(4): 1178-1202.

Further reading:

Carafa, Luigi (2015) 'Is the US-China Climate Agreement a Game-changer? ' International spectator : a quarterly journal of the Istituto Affari Internazionali. 50(1): 8-14.

Carter, Neil T. and Arthur P.J. Mol (2006) ‘China and the environment: Domestic and transnational dynamics of a future hegemon’ Environmental politics. 15(2): 330-344.

Christoff, Peter (2010) ‘Cold climate in Copenhagen: China and the United States at COP15’ Environmental politics. 19(4): 637–656.

Clegg, Jenny (2011) 'China at the Global Summit Table: Rule-taker, Deal-wrecker or Bridge-builder? Contemporary Politics 17(4): 447-465.

Dimitrov, Radoslav S. (2016) 'The Paris Agreement on Climate Change: Behind Closed Doors' Global environmental politics 16(3): 1-11.

Foot, Rosemary and Andrew Walter (2011), China, the United States, and global order (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Gilley, Bruce (2012) ‘Authoritarian environmentalism and China's response to climate change’ Environmental politics. 21(2): 287-307. 

Gong, Gloria Jean (2011) 'What China Wants: China's Climate Change Priorities in a Post-Copenhagen World' Global change, peace and security. 23(2): 159-175.

Jahiel, Abigail R. (2006) ‘China, the WTO, and implications for the environment’ Environmental politics. 15(2): 310-329.

Lewis, Joanna I. (2008) 'China's Strategic Priorities in International Climate Change Negotiations' The Washington quarterly. 31(1): 155-174.

Lewis, Joanna I. (2009) ‘Climate change and security: examining China’s challenges in a warming world’ International affairs. 85(6): 1195-1213.

Marks, Danny (2010) 'China's Climate Change Policy Process: Improved but Still Weak and Fragmented' Journal of contemporary China. 19(67): 971-986.

Moore, Scott (2011) 'Strategic Imperative? Reading China's Climate Policy in Terms of Core Interests' Global change, peace and security. 23(2): 147-157.

Ong, Lynette H. (2012) ‘The Apparent “Paradox” in China’s Climate Policies: Weak International Commitment on Emissions Reduction and Aggressive Renewable Energy Policy’ Asian survey. 52(6): 1138-1160.

Reese, Stephen D. (2015) ‘Globalization of Mediated Spaces: The Case of Transnational Environmentalism in China’ International Journal of Communication 9: 2263-2281.

Watts, Jonathan (2010) When a billion Chinese jump : voices from the frontline of climate change London: Faber and Faber.

Wu, Fuzuo (2016) 'Shaping China’s Climate Diplomacy: Wealth, Status, and Asymmetric Interdependence' Journal of Chinese Political Science 21(2): 199-215. Available online

This list was last updated on 19/04/2022