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Justice, Community and Conflict Reading List

Justice, Community and Conflict, 2021/22, Semester 2
Dr Derek Edyvane
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Week 1: Introduction and Overview

There is no required reading for this week, though you would be well-advised to make a start on the reading for Week 2.

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Week 2: Justice as Fairness

Required Reading:

Rawls, J. 1971. A Theory of Justice. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Chapters 1-3. **Please focus on: Sections 1-4, 10-17, 20-26**

Further Reading:

(Please note that the literature on Rawls is vast, below is just a selection. These readings are also relevant to Weeks 3 and 4).

Alejandro, R. 1998. The limits of Rawlsian justice. Baltimore- Johns Hopkins University Press.

Audard, Catherine, 2007, John Rawls (Philosophy Now), McGill-Queens University Press.

Barry, B. 1975. The liberal theory of justice : a critical examination of the principal doctrines in A theory of justice by John Rawls. Oxford- Clarendon Press. Corrected ed.

Barry, B. 1989. Theories of justice. Harvester-Wheatsheaf. Sections 26-28.

Barry, B. 1995. Justice as impartiality  Oxford: OUP, Chapter 3, §§ 9 – 10  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Blocker, H and Smith, E (eds) 1980. John Rawls' theory of social justice : an introduction, Athens- Ohio Press.

Cohen, G. A. 2001. If you're an egalitarian, how come you're so rich? ISBN: 0674006933 (pbk); 0674002180 Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, chapters 8 and 9.

Corlett, J A (ed.) 1991. Equality and liberty : analyzing Rawls and Nozick London: MacMillan.

Daniels, N, ed. 1975. Reading Rawls- Critical Studies on Rawls’ A Theory of Justice. Oxford- Basil Blackwell

Daniels, Norman, 'Reflective Equilibrium', Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Spring 2011 Edition) , Edward N. Zalta (ed.),

Dworkin, R. 1975. 'The Original Position', in N. Daniels (ed.), Reading Rawls: Critical Studies on Rawls' A Theory of Justice.  Stanford: Stanford University Press (Chapter 2, pp. 16-52).  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (MH 12/01/2022) 

Farrelly, C. 2004. An introduction to contemporary political theory. London- Sage Publications. Chapter 1

Freeman, S, ed. 2003. The Cambridge Companion to Rawls. Cambridge- Cambridge University Press.

Freeman, Samuel. 2007. Justice and the social contract : essays on Rawlsian political philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Freeman, Samuel. 2007. Rawls London: Routledge.

Freeman, Samuel, 'Original Position', Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. [electronic resource]. (Spring 2009 Edition) , Edward N. Zalta (ed.),

Honig, Bonnie. 1993. Political theory and the displacement of politics. Cornell University Press.

Kukathas, C, ed. 2003. John Rawls : critical assessments of leading political philosophers. London- Routledge. Vols 1-3.

Kukathas, C and Pettit, P. 1990. Rawls : a theory of justice and its critics. Cambridge- Polity Press.

Kymlicka, W. 2002. Contemporary Political Philosophy- An Introduction. Oxford- Oxford University Press. 2 nd ed. Chapter 3 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Lamont, J. ‘Distributive Justice’ Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. [electronic resource]. (Spring 2009 Edition) , Edward N. Zalta (ed.),

Lovett, F., 2011, Rawls's A theory of justice [electronic resource] : a reader's guide, London: Continuum.

Maffettone, S., 2011, Rawls : an introduction, London: Polity.

Mandle, J. 2009 Rawls's A theory of justice : an introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mason, A. 2010. 'Rawlsian Theory and the Circumstances of Politics', Political theory.. 38/5: 658-83.

Miller, R. 1974. ‘Rawls and Marxism’ , Philosophy & public affairs., vol. 3, no.2, 167 – 191

Mulhall, S and Swift, A. 1996.  Liberals and Communitarians (2nd Edition) Oxford: Blackwell, Parts 1 & 2

Nozick, R. 1977. Anarchy, state and utopia. New York: Basic Books. pp. 183-231.

Pettit, P. 1980. Judging justice : an introduction to contemporary political philosophy. . London- Routledge and Kegan Paul. Part V

Pogge, T W. 1989. Realizing Rawls. Ithaca- Cornell University Press.

Rawls, J. 1958. ‘Justice as Fairness’ Philosophical review. 67/2: 164-94.

Rawls, J. 1974. ‘Reply to Alexander and Musgrave’, The quarterly journal of economics., 88/4: 633-55.

Rawls, J. 2001. Justice as fairness : a restatement. Ed. E Kelly. Cambridge Massachusetts- Belknap Press. Parts 1-3

Ramsay, M. 1997. What’s Wrong with Liberalism? London-Leicester University Press, pp 108-16 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva .

Richardson, H S, ed. 1999. The Philosophy of Rawls. New York- Garland Publishing. Vols 1-3.

Sandel, M. 1984. ‘The Procedural Republic and the Unencumbered Self’, Political theory. 12. 81 – 96. 

Sandel, M J. 1998. Liberalism and the limits of justice. Cambridge- Cambridge University Press. 2 nd ed.

Thomas, G. 2000.  Introduction to political philosophy London: Duckworth, pp. 183 – 220

Titelbaum, M. 2008. 'What Would a Rawlsian Ethos of Justice Look Like? ' Philosophy & public affairs.., 36/3: 289-322.

Wenar, Leif, 'John Rawls', Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Fall 2008 Edition) , Edward N. Zalta (ed.),

Wolf, J 1996. An Introduction to Political Philosophy, Oxford- Oxford University Press.

Wolff, R P. 1977. Understanding Rawls- A Reconstruction and Critique of A Theory of Justice. Princeton- Princeton University Press


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Week 3: Justice and Gender

Required Reading:

Okin, Susan Moller, Justice, gender, and the family, (New York: Basic Books, 1989), 'Justice as Fairness: For Whom? ' Ch. 5: 89‐109. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Okin, Susan Moller, ‘'Forty acres and a mule' for women: Rawls and feminism’,  Politics, Philosophy & Economics , 06/2005, Volume 4, Issue 2.

Further Reading

Baehr, Amy R. (ed.) (2004).  Varieties of feminist liberalism . Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield. Esp. ch. By Cudd.

Baehr, Amy R., "Liberal Feminism",  Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource].  (Winter 2013 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.).

Chambers, C., “Gender” in C. McKinnon (ed.),  Issues in political theory  (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008), 265-288.

Chambers, C.,  Sex, culture and justice : the limits of choice  (University Park, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008).

Cohen, Joshua, “Okin on Justice, Gender and the Family,”  Canadian journal of philosophy. , 22.2 (1992), 263‐86 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Kymlicka, Will, “Rethinking the Family” (A review of Okin’s Justice, Gender and the Family),  Philosophy & public affairs. , 20.1 (1991), 77‐97.

Mansbridge, Jane (1997). ‘Should Blacks Represent Blacks and Women Represent Women? A Contingent “Yes”.’ The Journal of politics.  61: 628–657.

Mansbridge, Jane (2005) ‘Combating the Dangers of Essentialism’, Politics and gender, 1 (4), 622 638.  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (MH 12/01/2022) 

Munoz-Dardé, V., “Is the family to be abolished then? ”,  Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society. , 72 (1998), 37-55.

Neufeld, Blain (2009). ‘Coercion, the Basic Structure, and the Family.’  Journal of social philosophy.  40: 37–54.

Nussbaum, Martha (1999). Sex and social justice  New York: Oxford.

Nussbaum, M. "Rawls and Feminism" in S. Freeman (ed.),  The Cambridge Companion to Rawls  (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), 488-520.

Okin, "Political Liberalism, Justice and Gender",  Ethics.  105 (1994), 23-43

Okin, S. M. ‘Justice and Gender’, Philosophy & public affairs.  16 (1987),pp. 42-72.

Rawls, J., “The Idea of Public Reason Revisited”, in  The Law of Peoples  (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press,1999).

Robeyns, Ingrid, “When Will Society Be Gender Just? ” in Jude Browne, (ed.),  The future of gender , (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), pp. 54‐74

Satz, Debra and Rob Reich,  Toward a humanist justice : the political philosophy of Susan Moller Okin  (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009), Introduction by Satz and Reich, plus Chapters by Nancy Rosenblum, Joshua Cohen, David Miller and Mary Lyndon Shanley

Squires, J.,  Gender in political theory  (Cambridge: Polity, 1999), chapters 5 and 6, pp. 115-165.

Tessman, Lisa (ed.) (2009)  Feminist ethics and social and political philosophy : theorizing the non-ideal  Springer.

Young, I.M. (1990).  Justice and the politics of difference . Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Young, Iris (2006). ‘Taking the Basic Structure Seriously.’  Perspectives on politics.  4: 91–97.

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Week 4: Racial Injustice


Required Reading:

Mills, C. W. 2009. ‘Rawls on Race/Race in Rawls’, Southern journal of philosophy, 47/1: 161-84.

Shelby, T. 2007. ‘Justice, Deviance, and the Dark Ghetto’, Philosophy & public affairs., 35/2: 126-60.

Further Reading:

Allen, D. 2004. Talking to strangers : anxieties of citizenship since Brown v. Board of Education. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Anderson, E. 1999. ‘What is the Point of Equality? ’, Ethics., 109/2: 287-337.

Anderson, E. 2010. The imperative of integration. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Appiah, K and Gutmann, A. 1996. Color conscious : the political morality of race. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Boxill, B. 1992. Blacks and social justice, revised edition. Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield.

Dawson, M and Katzenstein, E. 2019 'Articulated Darkness: White Supremacy, Patriarchy, and Capitalism in Shelby's Dark Ghettos', Journal of Political Philosophy  27/2: 252-268.

Hayward, C. Lebron, C. Threadcraft, S. and Shelby, T. 2019. 'The Demand of Justice: Symposium on Tommie Shelby's Dark Ghettos', Political Theory 47/4: 527-558.

Lebron, C. 2013. The color of our shame : race and justice in our time. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mills, C. W. 1997. The racial contract. New York: Cornell University Press.

Mills, C. Black rights/white wrongs : the critique of racial liberalism ISBN: 9780190245450 (ebook) : No price. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.

Pateman, C. and Mills, C. W. 2007. Contract and domination. Cambridge: Polity.

Poama, A. 'Staying in or moving out? Justice and the Abolition of the Dark Ghetto' European Journal of Political Theory ISSN: 1474-8851, on-line first:

Schiffrin, S. ‘Race, Labor, and the Fair Equality of Opportunity Principle’, Fordham Law Review, 72/5: 1643-1675.

Shelby, T. ‘Foundations of Black Solidarity: Collective Identity or Common Oppression? ’ Ethics. 112/2: 231-266.

Shelby, T. 2004. ‘Race and Social Justice: Rawlsian Considerations’, Fordham Law Review, 72/5: 1697-1714.

Shelby, T. 2005. We who are dark : the philosophical foundations of Black solidarity. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Shelby, T. 2016. Dark Ghettos ISBN: 9780674974647 (e-book). Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Threadcraft, S. 2014. 'Intimate Injustice, Political Obligation and the Dark Ghetto', Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 39/3: 735-760.

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Week 5: The Ideal of Community

Required Reading:

Young, Iris Marion. 1990/2011. Justice and the politics of difference. Princeton University Press. 'City Life and Difference', Ch 8: 226-256 (2011 edition). Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Further reading:

Appiah et. al., ‘Justice, Governance, Cosmopolitanism and the Politics of Difference’ Essays by Appiah, Benhabib, Fraser, and Young. - Available online:

Bell, Daniel. 2012. ‘Communitarianism’ Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]., available here:

Bell, D., and de-Shalit, A., 2011, The spirit of cities : why the identity of a city matters in a global age, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Benhabib, S., 1992, Situating the self : gender, community and postmodernism in contemporary ethics, Cambridge: Polity Press.

Caney, S., 1992, ‘Liberalism and Communitarianism: A Misconceived Debate’, Political studies., (June): 273–90.

Falbo, M. (2008). On Iris Young's Subject of Inclusion: Rethinking Political Inclusion. Philosophy & social criticism. 34 (9):963-986.

Ferguson, Ann, and Mechthild Nagel (eds.), Dancing with Iris : the philosophy of Iris Marion Young, Oxford University Press, 2009,

Fraser, Nancy. (1995). Recognition or Redistribution? A Critical Reading of Iris Young's Justice and the Politics of Difference. The journal of political philosophy. 3 (2):166–180.

Frazer, E., 1999, The Problems of Communitarian Politics, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Frazer, E., and Lacey, N., 1993, The The politics of community : a feminist critique of the liberal-communitarian debate, Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf.

Isaac, Jeffrey C. (2007). Iris Young: A Tribute. Constellations. 14 (2):289-291.

Jung, C (2001) ‘The Burden of Culture and the Limits of Liberal Responsibility’, Constellations., vol. 8, no.2 (June) 219 – 235.

Kymlicka, W (1989) Liberalism, community and culture (Oxford: Clarendon).

Lötter, Hennie. (1999). Rawls, Young, and the Scope of Justice. Theoria. 46 (94):90-107.

Macedo, S., 2000, Diversity and distrust : civic education in a multicultural democracy, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Mason, A., 2000, Community, solidarity and belonging : levels of community and their normative significance, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mason, A., 2003, 'City life and community: complementary or incompatible ideals?', in C. McKinnon and D. Castiglione (eds), The culture of toleration in diverse societies : reasonable tolerance ISBN: 0719062322, Manchester: Manchester University Press.

McAffee, Noëlle. 2014. ‘Feminist Political Philosophy’, Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]., available here:

MacIntyre, A (1985) After virtue : a study in moral theory (2nd Edition) London: Duckworth. Especially Chapters, 1, 15 and 17.

Mulhall, S., and Swift, A., 1996, Liberals and Communitarians, Oxford: Blackwell, 2nd edition.

Sandel, Michael (2nd Edition,1998). Liberalism and the limits of justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sandel, M, Lecture – 12 ‘Debating Same-sex marriage', and 'The good life’. Available to watch online at: |   

Seglow, J (1998) ‘Universals and Particulars’: The Case of Liberal cultural nationalism’, Political studies., vol.46, no.5 (963 – 977)

Simpson, Lorenzo C. (2000). Communication and the Politics of Difference: Reading Iris Young. Constellations. 7 (3):430-442.

Taylor, C (1989) Sources of the Self: The making of modernity (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press)

Young, I.M. 1990. Inclusion and Democracy, New York: Oxford University Press.

Young, Iris Marion (January 1989). "Polity and group difference: A critique of the ideal of universal citizenship". Ethics. (University of Chicago Press) 99 (2): 250–274.

Young, Iris Marion (2011). Responsibility for justice. Oxford New York: Oxford University Press.

Young, Iris Marion (2005). On female body experience : "Throwing like a girl" and other essays. Oxford University Press.


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Week 6: The Ethics and Politics of Admission

Required Reading

Benhabib, S. 2004. The Rights of Others, Introduction, 1-24.   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Further Reading

Abizadeh, A. 2008. ‘Democratic Theory and Border Coercion: No Right to Unilaterally Control Your Own Borders,’ Political Theory, 36: 37–65.

Benhabib, S. 2006. Another Cosmopolitanism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Brock, G. 2021. Migration and Political Theory. Cambridge: Polity.

Carens, J.H. 1987. ‘Aliens and Citizens: The Case for Open Borders’, The Review of Politics 49(2): 251-273.

Carens, J.H. 2003.  ‘Who Should Get In? The Ethics of Immigration Admissions’, Ethics and International Affairs 17(1): 95-110.

Carens, J.H. 2013. The Ethics of Immigration. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cole, P. 2000. Philosophies of Exclusion: Liberal Political Theory and Immigration. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Fine, S. and Ypi, L. eds. 2016. Migration in Political Theory: The Ethics of Movement and Membership. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gibney, M.J. 2004. The Ethics and Politics of Asylum: Liberal Democracy and the Response to Refugees. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kant, I. 1994 [1795]. ‘Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch’. In Reiss, H. ed. Kant: Political Writings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 93-130.

Miller, D. 2005. ‘Immigration: The Case for Limits.’ In: Cohen, A, Wellman, C. eds. Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics. Oxford: Blackwell, 193–206.

Miller, D. 2016. Strangers in Our Midst: The Political Philosophy of Immigration. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

Pevnick, R.  Immigration and the Constraints of Justice: Between Open Borders and Absolute Sovereignty. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sagar, A. ed. 2016. The Ethics and Politics of Immigration: Core Issues and Emerging Trends. London and New York: Rowman and Littlefield International.

Song, S. 2018. Immigration and Democracy. New York: Oxford University Press.

Walzer, M.  Spheres of Justice: A Defense of Pluralism and Equality. New York: Basic Books, Chapter 2.

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Week 7: Multiculturalism and Justice

Required Reading

Kymlicka, W. 1995.  Multicultural Citizenship . Oxford: Clarendon Press. Ch.5 and ch.6 section 1. - Available as an ebook via the library catalogue. 

Further Reading

Barry, B. Culture and equality : an egalitarian critique of multiculturalism (Cambridge: Polity, 2001).

Baumeister, A. Liberalism and the 'politics of difference'  (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2000).

Benhabib, S. The claims of culture : equality and diversity in the global era  (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002).

Deveaux, M. 'Conflicting Equalities? Cultural Group Rights and Sex Equality' Political studies. 48/3 (2000).

Deveaux, M. Gender and Justice in Multicultural Liberal States (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006).

Eisenberg, A. and Spinner-Halev, J. Minorities within minorities : equality, rights and diversity  (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Kukathas, C. ‘Liberalism and Multiculturalism: The Politics of Indifference’, Political theory . 26/5: 686-99 (1998).

Kukathas, C. ‘Are There Any Cultural Rights? ’ Political theory , 20/1 (1992): 105-139.

Kukathas, C. ‘Multiculturalism as Fairness: Will Kymlicka’s Multicultural Citizenship’,  The journal of political philosophy.  5 (1997): 406-27.

Kukathas, C. The liberal archipelago : a theory of diversity and freedom  (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003).

Kymlicka, W. (ed.) The rights of minority cultures  (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995).

Kymlicka, W. Liberalism, community and culture  (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989).

Kymlicka, W. ‘Multiculturalism’, in his Contemporary political philosophy : an introduction  (2nd Edition). (Oxford: OUP, 2001).

Laden, A. and Owen, D. (eds) Multiculturalism and political theory  (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007).

Levy, J. The Multiculturalism of Fear  (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2000)

Modood, T. Multiculturalism : a civic idea  (Cambridge: Polity, 2007).

Mookherjee, M. ‘Multiculturalism’ in C. McKinnon (ed.) Issues in political theory  (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008).

Murphy, M. Multiculturalism : a critical introduction . (London: Routledge, 2011).

Okin, S. M. 1998. ‘Feminism and Multiculturalism: Some Tensions’ Ethics 108/4: 661-84.

Okin, Susan Moller. Is multiculturalism bad for women? Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Parekh, B. ‘Equality in a Multiracial Society’ in Franklin, J. (ed.) Equality  (London: Institute for Public Policy Research, 1997), pp.123-57.  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (MH 12/01/2022) 

Parekh, B. Rethinking multiculturalism : cultural diversity and political theory  (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2000).

Phillips, A. Multiculturalism without culture  (Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2007).

Rorty, A. ‘The Hidden Politics of Cultural Identification’, Political theory . 22/1 (2004).

Song, S. 'Multiculturalism', Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosopy  (2010)

Symposium on Multicultural Citizenship by Will Kymlicka, Constellations.  4/1 (1997).

Taylor, C. ‘The Politics of Recognition’, in A. Gutmann (ed.), Multiculturalism : examining the politics of recognition  (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994).

Tomasi, J. 'Kymlicka, Liberalism and Respect for Cultural Minorities' Ethics . 105/3 (1995).

Young, I.M. Justice and the politics of difference  (Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1990). 


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Week 8: Conflict and Toleration

Required Reading:

Mendus, S. 1989. Toleration and the limits of liberalism. Basingstoke: Macmillan, ch. 1 (‘The Concept of Toleration’). Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Brown, W. 2006. Regulating aversion : tolerance in the age of identity and empire. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, ch. 1 (‘Tolerance as a Discourse of Depoliticization’).

Further Reading:

Balint, P. 2013. 'Acts of tolerance: A political and descriptive account', European Journal of Political Theory ISSN: 1474-8851 13/3: 264-281.

Balint, P. 2017. Respecting toleration : traditional liberalism and contemporary diversity ISBN: 9780191818516 (ebook) : No price. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cohen, A. J. 2004. 'What Toleration Is', Ethics. ISSN: 0014-1704 115/1: 68-95.

Cohen, A. J. 2014. Toleration. Cambridge: Polity.

Edyvane, D. 2011. ‘Tolerance and Pain’, Critical review of international social and political philosophy. 14/3: 405-19.

Forst, R. 2013. Toleration in conflict : past and present. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Forst, R. 2014. 'Toleration and Democracy' Journal of social philosophy. ISSN: 0047-2786, 45/1: 65-75.

Galeotti, A. E. Toleration as recognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Horton, J. 1994. ‘Three (Apparent) Paradoxes of Toleration’, Synthesis Philosophica 9/1: 7–20. - Available online:

Horton, J. 1996. ‘Toleration as a Virtue’, in D. Heyd (ed.), Toleration : an elusive virtue, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 28–43.

Horton, J. 2011. ‘Why the Traditional Conception of Toleration Still Matters’, Critical review of international social and political philosophy. 14/3: 289-305.

Kaplan, B. J. 2007: Divided by Faith. Religious Conflict and the Practice of Toleration in Early Modern Europe, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

King, P. 2012. Toleration, revised edition. London: Routledge.

McKinnon, C. ‘Democracy, Equality and Toleration’ The journal of ethics. 11/2 (2007).

McKinnon, C. Toleration : a critical introduction (Routledge, 2006).

Moruzzi, N. C. ‘A Response to Galeotti’, Political theory. 22/4 (1994): 678-9.

Newey, G. 2013. Toleration in political conflict. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nussbaum, M. The new religious intolerance : overcoming the politics of fear in an anxious age (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2012).

Scanlon, T. 1996. ‘The Difficulty of Tolerance’, in D. Heyd (ed.), Toleration : an elusive virtue, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 226-239.

Scheffler, S. 2012. ‘The Good of Toleration’, in his Equality and tradition : questions of value in moral and political theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Williams, B. 1996. ‘Toleration: An Impossible Virtue? ’, in D. Heyd (ed.), Toleration : an elusive virtue. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 18–27.

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Week 9: Pornography

Required Reading:

Finlayson, Lorna, 2014. ‘How to Screw Things with Words’, Hypatia, 29/4, 774-789.

Corlette, David, and Maree Crabb, 'Aggressive and debasing: the real issues in porn debates', The Conversation, 20 Aug 2013, available here:

Further Reading:

Andrew Altman, ‘The Right to Get Turned On’, in Andrew Cohen and Christopher Heath Wellman (eds) Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics.

Brison, Susan J. ‘The Price We Pay? ’, in Andrew Cohen and Christopher Heath Wellman (eds) Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics.

Cohen, Joshua ‘ Freedom of Expression ’ Philosophy & public affairs., 1993, - also in Heyd David (ed), Toleration : an elusive virtue.

Dworkin, Andrea Pornography : men possessing women.

Dworkin, Ronald ‘Is there a Right to Pornography? ’, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies., 1.2, 1981.

Dworkin, Ronald ‘Women and Pornography’, New York Review of Books., 21 October 1993.

Eaton, A. W. ‘A Sensible Anti-porn Feminism ’, Ethics. 117.4, 2007.

Feinberg, Joel ‘Profound Offense’, Gerald Dworkin (ed), Mill's "On liberty" : critical essays. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Feinberg, Joel The moral limits of the criminal law.

Finlayson, Lorna 'How to Screw Things with Words', Hypatia., 2014, 29/4, 774-789.

Harrison, Ross, ‘Tolerating the offensive’, John Horton and Peter Nicholson (eds), Toleration : philosophy and practice. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Hornsby, Jennifer ‘Free and Equal Speech’, Imprints 1.2, 1996.

Jacobson, Daniel ‘Freedom of Speech Acts? A Response to Langton’, Philosophy & public affairs. 24.1, 1995.

Jensen, Robert Getting off : pornography and the end of masculinity.

Langton, Rae ‘ Speech Acts and Unspeakable Acts ’, Philosophy & public affairs., 1993.

Langton, Rae ‘ Whose Right? Ronald Dworkin, Women, and the Pornographers ’, Philosophy & public affairs. 19.4, 1990.

MacKinnon, Catharine ‘Pornography: An Exchange’ (reply to Dworkin, plus his further reply), New York Review of Books., March 3 1994.

MacKinnon, Catharine Feminism unmodified : discourses on life and law, chs.12-14. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

MacKinnon, Catharine Only words chapters 1-2. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

McKinnon, Catriona Toleration : a critical introduction (Routledge, 2006). ch.9.

Mendus, Susan ‘Harm, Offence and Censorship’, John Horton and Susan Mendus (eds) Aspects of toleration.

Mill, J.S. On liberty : with The subjection of women and Chapters on socialism, chapter 2. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Saul, Jennifer, ‘Pornography, Speech Acts and Context’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society. 106.2, 2006.

Snyder, Nikko, ‘Strange Bedfellows: Can Feminism and Porn Coexist? ’, Bitch Magazine, 7 April 2008, available on the VLE and here: page=entire  

and this (also short) piece:

Strossen, Nadine Defending Pornography: Free Speech, Sex, and the Fight for Women’s Rights.

West, Caroline ‘Pornography and Censorship’ Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. at (includes a very useful bibliography).

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Week 10: Tainted Commemorations

Required Reading:

Lim, Chong-Ming. 2020. ‘Vandalizing Tainted Commemorations’, Philosophy and Public Affairs, 48/2: 185-216.  

Further Reading:

Burch-Brown, J.M. 2020. 'Philosophy and Public Affairs Discussion: Ching-Ming Lim's "Vandalizing Tainted Commemorations"', PEA Soup (Philosophy, Ethics, Academic blog)

Burch-Brown, J.M. 2020. 'Should Slavery's Statues be Preserved? On Transitional Justice and Contested Heritage',, Journal of Applied Philosophy, Early View.

Burch-Brown, J.M. 2017. 'Is it Wrong to Topple Statues and Rename Schools?', Journal of Political Theory and Philosophy 1(1): 59-88. Available from:

Demetriou, Dan and Wingo, Ajume. 2018. ‘The Ethics of Racist Monuments’, The Palgrave Handbook of Philosophy and Public Policy. Basingstoke: Palgrave, pp. 341-355.

Frowe, Helen. 2019. ‘The Duty to Remove Statues of Wrongdoers’, Journal of Practical Ethics 7/3: 1-31.

Lai, Ten-Herng. 2020. ‘Political vandalism as counter‐speech: A defense of defacing and destroying tainted monuments’, European Journal of Philosophy, early view:

Nili, Schmuel. 2020. ‘From Charlottesville to the Nobel: Political Leaders and the Morality of Political Honors’, Ethics 130/3: 415-445.

Schulz, Johannes. 2019. ‘Must Rhodes Fall? The Significance of Commemoration in the Struggle for Relations of Respect’, Journal of Political Philosophy 27/2: 166-186.

Srinivasan, Amia. 2016. ‘Under Rhodes’, London Review of Books, 38/7.

Tsai, G. 2016. 'The Morality of State Symbolic Power', Social Theory and Practice, 42(2), 318–342.

Ypi, Lea. 2020. ‘By tearing down our statues, Albanians stopped learning from the past’, The Guardian 14 June. Online at:

This list was last updated on 15/01/2022