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Module Reading List

Technology Enhanced Language Learning, 2021/22, Semester J05
Dr Aisha Walker
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Journals you should browse  

British Journal of Educational Technology
Computers and Education
Computer Assisted Language Learning
ELT journal
Journal of Computer Assisted Learning
Journal of Computer-mediated Communication
Language Learning & Technology

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NOTE: Reading and references for each Unit will appear here week-by-week

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Unit One:  Learning, language and digital technology

Chik, A., & Benson, P. (2021). Commentary: Digital language and learning in the time of coronavirus. Linguistics and Education, 62, 100873–.  

Anderson, J.R. 2010. Cognitive psychology and its implications. 7th ed. New York: Worth Publishers.

Badger, R. 2018. Teaching and learning the English language: a problem solving approach. London: Bloomsbury.

Barton, D. and Tusting, K. 2005. Beyond communities of practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bax, S. 2003. CALL—past, present and future. System. 31(1), pp.13-28.

Bax, S. 2011. Discourse and genre: analysing language in context. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Bax, S. 2017. Researching language learning in a digital age: how can we achieve Normalisation? ALSIC Vol. 20, n° 3 | 2017 : Espaces d'apprentissage et de recherche en langues à l'ère du numérique : enjeux et perspectives

 Chapelle, C. A., & Sauro, S. (2017). The Handbook of Technology and Second Language Teaching and Learning. Wiley and Sons.

Davies, G. (2008) Computer Assisted Language Learning: Where are we now and where are we going? ”

Gee, J. P. and E. R. Hayes (2011) Language and Learning in the Digital Age. London: Routledge. 

Krashen, S. 1981. Second language acquisition and second language learning. Oxford: Pergamon.

Krashen, S. 1987. Principles and practice in second language acquisition. New York: Prentice Hall.

Krashen, S. 1989. Language acquisition and language education: extensions and applications. New York: Prentice Hall.

Lave, J. and Wenger, E. 1991. Situated learning : legitimate peripheral participation Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lennon, P. (2020). The foundations of teaching English as a foreign language. Routledge. Chapter one,

Lightbown, P. and Spada, N.M. 2006. How languages are learned. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lightbown, P. and Spada, N.M. 2013. How languages are learned. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Long, M. 1983. Native speaker/non-native speaker conversation and the negotiation of comprehensible input. Applied Linguistics. 4(126-141).

Long, M., H,. 1985. Input and Second Language Acquisition Theory. In: Gass, S. and Madden, C. eds. Input in Second Language Acquisition London: Newbury House, pp.377-393.

McLaughlin, B. 1987. Theories of Second-Language Learning. London: Edward Arnold.

Mitchell, R. and Myles, F. 2004. Second language learning theories. 2nd ed. London: Arnold.

Saville-Troike, M. 2006. Introducing second language acquisition Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Schunk, D.H. 2012. Learning theories: an educational perspective. 6th ed. Boston, MA;London;: Pearson.

Simpson, J. & A. Walker (2014) New technologies for English language learning and teaching. In B. Street & C. Leung (eds.) Routledge Companion to English Studies. London: Routledge.

Taylor, R.P. 1980. Computers in school: Tutor, Tool, Tutee. New York: Columbia UniversityTeachers College Press.

VanPatten, B. and Williams, J. 2007. Theories in second language acquisition : an introduction. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Vygotsky, L.S. 1962. Thought and Language. Cambridge, Massachusetts: M.I.T Press.

Vygotsky, L.S. 1978. Mind in Society: The Development of Higher Psychological Processes. London: Harvard University Press.

Walker, A. and G. White (2013) Technology enhanced language learning: Connecting theory and practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.



Warschauer, M. 2004. Technology and social inclusion: rethinking the digital divide. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT.

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Writing with digital tools 

Badger, R.G. and White, G. 2000. A process genre approach to teaching writing. ELT Journal. 54(2), pp.153-160.  

Baynham, M. 1995. Literacy practices investigating literacy in social contexts. London: Longman.

Driscoll, D. 2015. Online Writing Lab. [Online]. [Accessed 27 February ]. Available from:

Figueredo, L. and Varnhagen, C.K. 2006. Spelling and grammar checkers: are they intrusive? British Journal of Educational Technology. 37(5), pp.721-732.

Garrison, K. 2009. An Empirical Analysis of Using Text-to-Speech Software to Revise First-Year College Students' Essays. Computers and Composition. 26(4), pp.288-301.

Gerard, L. 2006. The evolution of the Computers and Writing Conference, the second decade. Computers and Composition. 23(2), pp.211-227.

Hyland, K. 2009. Teaching and researching writing. 2nd ed. Harlow: Longman.

Kapoun, J. 2015. Evaluating Web Pages: Questions to Consider: Categories. [Online]. [Accessed 20 February]. Available from:

Knutsson, O. et al. 2007. Designing and developing a language environment for second language writers. Computers & Education. 49(4), p1122.

Mandalios, J. 2013. RADAR: An approach for helping students evaluate Internet sources. Journal of Information Science. 39(4), pp.470-478.

Procter, M. 2010. Advice on Academic Writing [Online]. [Accessed 4 March 2016]. Available from:

Tardy, C.M. 2010. Writing for the World: Wikipedia as an Introduction to academic writing. English Teaching Forum. 48(2), pp.12-9, 27.

Vetter, McDowell and Stewart. 2019. From Opportunities to Outcomes: The Wikipedia-Based Writing Assignment, Computers and Composition, 52, pp.53-64.  

Vygotsky, L.S. 1998. The collected works of L.S. Vygotsky. Vol.5, Child psychology New York ; London: Plenum Press.

Zheng and Warschauer. 2017. Epilogue: Second language writing in the age of computer-mediated communication, Journal of Second Language Writing, 36, pp.61-67.   

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Digital Games and Language Learning

Avraamidou, A., Monaghan, J., & Walker, S. (2015). Mathematics and non-school gameplay. Springer.

Clark, D., Tanner-Smith, E., & Killingsworth, S. (2016). Digital Games, Design, and Learning: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Review of Educational Research, 86(1), 79–122.

Ebersbach, M. , Feierabend, M. and Nazari K.B. (i2020) Comparing the effects of generating questions, testing, and restudying on students’ long‐term recall in university learning. Applied Cognitive Psychology. 34/3:724-736

Gee, J. (2007). What video games have to teach us about learning and literacy (Revised and updated edition.). New York ;: Palgrave Macmillan.

Hung, H., Yang, J., Hwang, G., Chu, H., & Wang, C. (2018). A scoping review of research on digital game-based language learning. Computers & Education, 126, 89–104.   

Huizinga, J. (1949). Homo ludens : a study of the play element in culture . London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Kapp, K. (2012). The gamification of learning and instruction: Game-based methods and strategies for training and education. San Francisco: Pfeiffer Wiley.

Salen, K., & Zimmerman, E. (2004). Rules of play : game design fundamentals . Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.

Selwyn, N. (2014). Distrusting educational technology : critical questions for changing times . New York ;: Routledge.

Stenros, J. (2014) In Defence of a Magic Circle: The Social, Mental and Cultural Boundaries of Play in Raine Koskimaa. (2014). Transactions of the Digital Games Research Association--Vol. 1, No. 2.

Walker, A., & White, G. (2013). Technology enhanced language learning connecting theory and practice . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Woodcock, J., & Johnson, M. (2018). Gamification: What it is, and how to fight it. The Sociological Review, 66(3), 542–558.

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Blogs and blogging

Álvarez, G. 2012. New Technologies in the University Context: The Use of Blogs for Developing Students' Reading and Writing Skills. RUSC. 9(2), pp.185-198.

Barton, D. and Potts, D. 2013. Language Learning Online as a Social Practice. TESOL Quarterly. 47(4), pp.815-820.

Bhattacharya, A. and Chauhan, K. 2010. Augmenting learner autonomy through blogging. ELT Journal. 64(4), pp.376-384.

Bloch, J. 2007. Abdullah's blogging: A generation 1.5 student enters the blogosphere. Language Learning and Technology. 11(2), pp.128-141.

de Almeida Soares, D. 2008. Understanding class blogs as a tool for language development. Language Teaching Research. 12(4), pp.517-533.

Ducate, L.C. and Lomicka, L.L. 2008. Adventures in the blogosphere: from blog readers to blog writers. Computer Assisted Language Learning. 21(1), pp.9 - 28.

Godwin-Jones, R. 2006. Tag clouds in the blogosphere: Electronic literacy and social networking. Language Learning and Technology. 10(2), pp.8-15.

Herring, S.C. and Paolillo, J.C. 2006. Gender and genre variation in weblogs. Journal of Sociolinguistics. 10(4), pp.439-459.

Kern, R. 2011. Technology and language learning. In: Simpson, J. ed. The Routledge handbook of applied linguistics.  London: Routledge, pp.200-214.

Murray, L. and Hourigan, T. 2008. Blogs for specific purposes: Expressivist or socio-cognitivist approach? ReCALL. 20(1), pp.82-97.

Myers, G. 2010. Discourse of blogs and wikis. London; New York: Continuum.

Ruipérez, G. et al. 2011. Using Twitter to improve writing competence in foreign language learning. El uso de twitter para mejorar la competencia de la expresión escrita en el aprendizaje de lenguas extranjeras. 187(EXTRA 3), pp.159-163. Available Online Here

Sun, Y.-C. and Chang, Y.-J. 2012. Blogging to learn: Becoming EFL academic writers through collaborative dialogues. Language Learning and Technology. 16(1), pp.43-61.

Trajtemberg, C. and Yiakoumetti, A. 2011. Weblogs: a tool for EFL interaction, expression, and self-evaluation. ELT Journal. 65(4), pp.437-445. 

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Corpus linguistics and concordancing

Boulton, A. 2010. Data-driven learning: Taking the computer out of the equation. Language Learning. 60(3), pp.534-572.

Boulton, A. and Cobb, T. 2017. Corpus Use in Language Learning: A Meta‐Analysis. Language Learning. 67(2), pp.348-393.

Breyer, Y. 2009. Learning and teaching with corpora: reflections by student teachers. Computer Assisted Language Learning. 22(2), pp.153 - 172.

Carter, R. and McCarthy, M. 2006. The Cambridge grammar of English: a comprehensive guide Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Flowerdew, L. 2009. Applying corpus linguistics to pedagogy a critical evaluation.  International Journal of Corpus Linguistics. 14(3), pp.393-417.

Franken, M. 2014. The nature and scope of student search strategies in using a web derived corpus for writing. The Language Learning Journal. 42(1), pp.85-102.

Gao, Z.M. 2011. Exploring the effects and use of a Chinese-English parallel concordancer. Computer Assisted Language Learning. 24(3), pp.255-275.

Gaskell, D. and Cobb, T. 2004. Can learners use concordance feedback for writing errors? System. 32(3), pp.301-319.

Gavioli, L. and Aston, G. 2001. Enriching reality: language corpora in language pedagogy. ELT Journal. 55(3), pp.238-246.

Hunston, S. 2002. Corpora in applied linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nesi, H. 2007. The British Academic Spoken English Corpus. [Online]. [Accessed 22 June]. Available from:   

O'Keeffe, A. et al. 2007. From corpus to classroom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sampson, G. and McCarthy, D. 2004. Corpus linguistics  readings in a widening discipline. London: Continuum,.

Scott, M. and Tribble, C. 2006. Textual patterns : key words and corpus analysis in language education. Amsterdam: J. Benjamins.

Sinclair, J. 2004a. Trust the text  language corpus and discourse. London: Routledge.

Sinclair, J.M. 2004b. How to use corpora in language teaching. Philadelphia: J Benjamins,.

Sun, Y.-C. 2007. Learner perceptions of a concordancing tool for academic writing. Computer Assisted Language Learning. 20, p323.

Thornbury, S. 1999. How to Teach Grammar. Harlow: Longman.

Timmis, I. 2015. Corpus linguistics for ELT: research and practice. London: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Varley, S. 2009. I'll just look that up in the concordancer: integrating corpus consultation into the language learning environment. Computer Assisted Language Learning. 22(2), p133.

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Audio and Video

Arndt, H., & Woore, R. (2018). Vocabulary learning from watching YouTube videos and reading blog posts. Language Learning & Technology, 22(3), 124-142. 

Walker, A. and G. White (2013) Technology enhanced language learning: Connecting theory and practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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Reading and digital literacy

Barton, D. (1994) Literacy: An introduction to the ecology of written language. Oxford: Blackwell.
Baynham, M. (1995) Literacy Practices. Harlow: Longman.
Cope, B. and M. Kalantzis (2000) Multiliteracies. London: Routledge.
Darvin, R. (2018) Digital Literacy, Language Learning, and Educational Policy in British Columbia. In J. Crandall and K. M. Bailey (eds.) Global Perspectives on Language Education Policies. New York: Routledge.
Hafner, C. A., Chik, A. and Jones, R., eds. (2015) Digital literacies and language learning. Language Learning & Technology, 19 (3).
Hawisher, G. E. and C. L. Selfe (eds.) (2000) Global literacies and the world-wide web. London: Routledge.
Heath, S. B. (1983) Ways with words: Language, life and work in communities and classrooms. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kern, R. (2000) Literacy and language teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kress, G. (2003) Literacy in the new media age. London: Routledge.
Lotherington, H., & Jenson, J. (2011). Teaching Multimodal and Digital Literacy in L2 Settings: New Literacies, New Basics, New Pedagogies. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 31, 226-246.
Murray, D. E. (2000b) ‘Changing Technologies, Changing Literacy Communities?’ Language Learning and Technology 4/2, 43-58.
Nunberg, G. (ed.) (1996) The future of the book. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Olson, D. (1994) The world on paper: The conceptual and cognitive implications of writing and reading. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ong, W. (1982) Orality and literacy: The technologizing of the word. London: Routledge.
Rassool, N. (1999) Literacy for sustainable development in the age of information. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Snyder, I. (ed.) (1998) Page to screen: Taking literacy into the electronic era. London: Routledge.
Snyder, I. (ed.) (2002) Silicon literacies: Communication, innovation and education in the electronic age. London: Routledge.
Son, J-B., Park, S-S. and Park, M (2017) Digital Literacy of Language Learners in Two Different ContextsJALT CALL Journal 13/2, 77-96.
Stapleton, P. 2005. Evaluating web-sources: Internet literacy and L2 academic writing. ELT Journal. 59(2), pp.135-1434.
Street, B. (1995) Social literacies: Critical approaches to literacy in development, ethnography and education. London: Longman.
Street, B. (1998) ‘New Literacies in Theory and Practice: What are the Implications for Language in Education?’ Linguistics and Education 10/1, 1-24.
Warschauer M. (2009) Digital Literacy Studies: Progress and Prospects. In: Baynham M., Prinsloo M. (eds) The Future of Literacy Studies. Palgrave Advances in Linguistics. Palgrave Macmillan.
Warschauer, M. (1999) Electronic literacies: Language, culture and power in online education. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.


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Digital Talk  

Kohnke, L., & Moorhouse, B. (2020). Facilitating Synchronous Online Language Learning through Zoom. RELC Journal, 3368822093723–.  

Definitions of CMC

Herring, S. (2007) A Faceted Classification Scheme for Computer-Mediated Discourse. Language@Internet 4, article 1, 1-37.

Herring, S. (ed.) (1996) Computer mediated communication: Linguistic, social and cross-cultural perspectives. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Murray, D. E. (2000) Changing Technologies, Changing Literacy Communities? Language Learning and Technology 4/2, 43-58.

Linguistic and sociolinguistic issues in CMC

Androutsopoulos, J. (2006) Introduction: Sociolinguistics and computer-mediated communication. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 10/4: 419-438.

Cherny, L. (1999) Conversation and Community. Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications.

Crystal, D. (2011) Internet Linguistics. London: Routledge.

Danet, B. & S. Herring ( 2007) The Multilingual Internet. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Herring, S. (ed.) (1996) Computer Mediated Communication: Linguistic, Social and Cross-cultural Perspectives. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Herring, S. (1999) Interactional Coherence in CMC. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 4/4.

Herring, S. (2010) Who’s got the floor in computer-mediated conversation? Edelsky’s gender patterns revisited. Language@Internet 7, article 8. Special issue on Computer-Mediated Conversation, Susan C. Herring (ed.).

Herring, S., D. Stein & T. Virtanen (eds.) (2013) The Pragmatics of Computer-Mediated Communication. Berlin: Mouton.

Hinrichs, L. (2006). Codeswitching on the Web. Amsterdam/Philadelphia, John Benjamins.

Jenks, C. (2009) When is it appropriate to talk? Managing overlapping talk in multi-participant voice-based chat rooms. Computer Assisted Language Learning 22/1: 19-30.

Koutsogiannis, D. & B. Mitsikopoulou (2003) ‘Greeklish and Greekness: Trends and Discourses of “Glocalness”.’ Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 9/1.

Palfreyman, D. & M. al Khalil (2003) ‘ “A Funky Language for Teenzz to Use”: Representing Gulf Arabic in Instant Messaging’. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 9/1.

Simpson, J. (2013) ‘Conversational floor in computer-mediated discourse.’ In S. Herring, D. Stein and T. Virtanen (eds.) The Pragmatics of Computer-Mediated Communication. Berlin: Mouton.

Two special issues of Language @ Internet, Volume 7 (2010) and Volume 8 (2011) are devoted to computer-mediated conversation:

      Vol 7:

      Vol 8:

A series of papers from the project Translation and Translanguaging give valuable insights into contemporary CMC use (particularly mobile messaging) and how it is embedded in personal, social and working life. These publications are led by Caroline Tagg, whose work on text messaging is also worth following up if you want to pursue this topic.

Tagg, C. (2015) Language, business and superdiversity: A report on social media across case studies. Working Papers in Translanguaging and Translation (WP5). (

Tagg, C., Hu, R., Lyons, A. & Simpson, J. (2016) Heritage and social media in superdiverse cities: Personalised, networked and multimodal. Working Papers in Translanguaging and Translation (WP17) (

Tagg, C., Hu, R., Hanusova, J. & Jankowicz-Pytel, D. (2018). Polymedia and convergence: A study of social action and individual choice from the law phase of the TLANG project. Working Papers in Translanguaging and Translation (WP36) (

Tagg, C. & Hu, R. (2017) Sharing as a conversational turn in digital interaction. Working Papers in Translanguaging and Translation (WP29). (

Tagg, C., A. Lyons, R. Hu and F. Rock (2017) The ethics of digital ethnography in a team project. Applied Linguistics Review. DOI:  10.1515/applirev-2016-1040

CMC and language learning

Dudeney, G. & N. Hockly (2007) How to teach English with technology. London: Pearson Longman. Chapter 5: How to use email; Chapter 6: How to use chat.

Fong, C. J., Lin, S. & Engle, R. A. (2016). Positioning identity in computer-mediated discourse among ESOL learners. Language Learning & Technology, 20(3), 142–158.

Hampel, R. (2014) Making meaning online: computer-mediated communication for language learning. In: Peti-Stantić, Anita and Stanojević, Mateusz-Milan eds. Language as Information. Proceedings from the CALS Conference 2012. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, pp. 89–106.

Kern, R. (2011) ‘Technology and language learning.’ In J. Simpson (ed.) The Routledge Handbook of Applied Linguistics. London: Routledge. Chapter 14, pp.200-214.

Kern, R. (1995) ‘Restructuring classroom interaction with networked computers: Effects on quantity and characteristics of language production.’ The Modern Language Journal 79/iv, 457-476.

Kim, H. Y. (2014) ‘Learning opportunities in synchronous computer-mediated communication and face-to-face interaction.’ Computer Assisted Language Learning27(1), 26-43.

Kitade, K. (2000) ‘L2 Learners’ Discourse and SLA Theories in CMC: Collaborative Interaction in Internet Chat.’ Computer Assisted Language Learning 13/2, 143-166.

Sauro, S. & Smith, B. (2010) Investigating L2 performance in text chat. Applied Linguistics 31/4, 554-577.

Simpson, J. (2005) Learning Electronic Literacy Skills in an Online Language Learning Community. Computer Assisted Language Learning 18/4, 327-345.

Tudini, V. (2013) Form-focused social repertoires in an online language learning partnership. Journal of Pragmatics 50/1, 187-202.

Warschauer, M. (2009) ‘Digital literacy studies: Progress and prospects. In M. Baynham and M. Prinsloo (eds.) The Future of Literacy Studies. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Wigham, C. & T. Chanier (2013) Interactions between text chat and audio modalities for L2 communication and feedback in the synthetic world Second Life. Computer Assisted Language Learning (DOI:      10.1080/09588221.2013.851702)


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Creativity in TELL

Bell, N. (2012). Formulaic Language, Creativity, and Language Play in a Second Language. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics 32: 189-205.

Bell, N., S. Skalicky & T. Salsbury (2014). Multicompetence in L2 Language Play: A Longitudinal Case Study. Language Learning, 64: 72–102.

Broner, M. A. & E. E. Tarone (2001). ‘ “Is it fun?” Language play in a fifth-grade Spanish immersion classroom.’ Modern Language Journal 85/3: 363-379.

Carter, R. (2015). Language and creativity: The art of common talk. London, Routledge.

Cherny, L. (1999). Conversation and community: Chat in a virtual world. Stanford, CA, CSLI Publications.

Cook, G. (2000). Language play, language learning. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Crystal, D. (2001/2006). Language and the internet. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Crystal, D. (2008). Txtng: The Gr8 Db8. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Crystal, D. (2011). Internet Linguistics. London: Routledge.

Danet, B. (2001). Cyberplay: Communicating online. Oxford: Berg.

Danet, B., L. Ruedenberg, & Y. Rosenbaum-Tamari (1997) ‘ “Hmmm … Where’s that smoke coming from?” Writing, Play and Performance on Internet Relay Chat.’ Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 2/4.  

Forman, R. (2011). ‘Humerous language play in a Thai EFL classroom.’ Applied linguistics 32/5, 541-565.

Grice, H. P. (1975). ‘Logic and conversation.’ In P. Cole & J. Morgan (eds.) Syntax and Semantics, 3: Speech Acts. New York: Academic Press.

Herring, S. (1999). ‘Interactional Coherence in CMC.’ Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 4/4.  

Herring, S. (2013). ‘Relevance in synchronous CMC.’ In S. C. Herring, D. Stein & T. Virtanen (eds.) Pragmatics of Computer-Mediated Communication (Handbooks of Pragmatics Volume 9). Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter.

Lytra V. (2015). Playful talk, learners’ play frames and the construction of identities, in S. Wortham, D. Kim and S. May (eds) Discourse and Education. Encyclopedia of Language and Education (3rd ed.). Springer.

Maley, A. & A. Duff (1978). Drama techniques in language learning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Murray, D. E. (2000). ‘Changing Technologies, Changing Literacy Communities?’ Language Learning and Technology 4/2, 43-58. 

Porter Ladousse, G. (1987). Role play. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Rintel, E. S., J. Mulholland, & J. Pittam (2001). ‘First Things First: Internet Relay Chat Openings.’ Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 6/3.  

Simpson, J. (2003). ‘The discourse of computer-mediated communication: A study of an online community.’ PhD thesis, University of Reading.

Swann, J. & J. Maybin (eds.) (2007). ‘Language creativity in everyday contexts.’ Special issue of Applied Linguistics, 28/4.

Turkle, S. (1995). Life on the screen: Identity in the age of the internet. London: Wiedenfeld & Nicolson.

Turkle, S. (2011). Alone Together. Philadelphia, PA: Basic Books.


This list was last updated on 31/01/2022